Skandera

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Federative Sovereign Republic of Skandera
Федеральны Cуверенны Pепублика Cкaндepaвa
Federaľny Suverenny Republika Skånderava
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Flag
Motto: Cлaвны ce, Mатчинa нaш cвoбoды
Slavny sę, Matčina naš svobodny
"Be glorious, our free Motherland"
Anthem: "The Sun Shines over Skandera"
CapitalTrilesina
Largest Artemivka
Official languages Slavonic
Ethnic groups (2010) No official figures
Demonym Skanderan
Government De jure: Federal Salvationist state
De facto: Single-party Stratocracy
 -  First Minister Yulianna Aksakova
 -  Deputy Minister of the Central Committee Enver Zakrajšek
 -  Deputy Minister of the Politburo Aleksej Velikonkja
Legislature Grand National Congress
 -  Upper house Grand Council of National Progress
 -  Lower house National Assembly of the Republic
Creation
 -  Treaty of Ruga 10 August, 1924 
 -  Constitution of the Federative Republic 19 February, 1929 
Population
 -  2016 estimate 188,210,000
 -  2010 census 183,547,920
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total $2.552 trillion
 -  Per capita $13,560.07
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
 -  Total $1.726 trillion
 -  Per capita $9,172.91
Gini (2016)negative increase 31.8
medium
HDI (2016).754
high
Currency Lev (£/SUL)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the left
Calling code +9
ISO 3166 code SU
Internet TLD .su

Skandera (Slavonic: Cкaндepaвa, tr. Skånderava), officially the Federative Sovereign Republic of Skandera (Slavonic: Федеральны Cуверенны Pепублика Cкaндepaвa (ФCPC), tr. Federaľny Suverenny Republika Skånderava (FSRS)), is a a confederation located in Anterra. It borders the ____________ to the south, _________ to the southwest, and ___________ to the west. The capital of Skandera is Trilesina, located in the Varangian Sovereign Republic, and the largest city is Artemivka, located in the Nurovian Sovereign Republic.

The Skanderan government is a Salvationist federation, consisting of a traditional three-branched government. The executive branch is headed by the First Minister, who concurrently serves as the head of the Central Committee and the head of the National Presidium for the Preservation of the State. Beneath the First Minister are two deputy ministers who oversee the Central Committee and Politburo respectively. Together, the First Minister and two deputy ministers give the semblance of a triumvirate, called the "Central Troika." The First Minister typically rules for life. The legislative branch consists of the bicameral Grand National Congress, which composed of the 80 member Grand Council for National Progress upper house and the 500 member National Assembly of the Republic lower house. The lower house is the only political office at the federal level that is directly elected by the population. The Grand Council for National progress is made up of exclusively military and economists serving for three-year terms. The judicial branch consists of the Standing Commission for Justice and Order and its constituents. The Standing Commission for Justice and Order exists purely to enforce legislation passed by Grand National Congress.

The area comprising modern-day Skandera was settled by Norse peoples originating in X around the 8th century AD. These Norse settlers clashed with native peoples. After centuries of minor conflict, the indigenous population was mostly diminished. By the 11th century, the surviving native population had been assimilated within Norse-ruled petty kingdoms.

From the 14th-to-20 centuries, the area comprising Skandera was under the rule of the Varangian Empire. During this time, power centralised within the country around the Akremenko dynasty, which was based out of the Grand Duchy of Artjomovy. Following the conquest of Nurovia by Grand Duke Leonyd VI in 1382 AD, he was proclaimed Emperor and Supreme Autocrat of all Varangians, Skanderans, and Slavs, and founded the Varangian Empire.

Starting in the late-19th century, the Varangian Empire began to culturally and economically lag behind the Yuropean west. As a result of this, concession ports were given to the Western Coalition following the xXx War and de facto spheres of influence subsequently established by Western Yuropean powers. Decades of economic stagnation culminated in the White Revolution in 1910, which saw the creation of National Parliament and subsequent creation of political parties. Continued economic recession saw the rise of both far-right and communist parties. Tensions within the nation boiled over in 1919, resulting in the Kabinova Spring which saw the abdication of the Tsar Maksim Aleksandr III after just two weeks of rule. The interim republican government was split between the Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation and affiliated conservative and far-right groups and progressive and leftist groups. On August 13, 1922, elements of the Revolutionary Movement attempted to seize control of the National Parliament, causing the country to erupt in civil war between reactionary and progressive/liberal groups. The subsequent Skanderan Civil War lasted from 1922-1927 and ended with the Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation obtaining complete control of the nation. During the war, the concession ports had also been retaken. The Proclamation of Emancipation of the Workers and Peasantry was passed into law on 19 February, 1932, formally creating the newly formed the Federative Sovereign Republic of Skandera.

From 1935 to 1950, Skandera underwent a period modernization and industrialisation as farms became collectivised and industrial output quotas were put in place. During this time, Skandera underwent heavy urbanisation and saw expansive economic growth. Economic reforms during the 1980s saw the nation transition from a centrally planned economy to a state capitalist model, with government retain control in energy, defence, and heavy machinery sectors.

With a GDP of $2.552 trillion, Skandera is the X richest nation within Anterra, with the Y largest GDP per capita. Skandera operates a state capitalism economy, with government control centred primarily on the domestic defence industries. The Skanderan economy is dominated by the secondary sector and is among the region's largest exporters of commercial goods, pharmaceutical goods electronics, chemical goods, and industrial equipment.

Etymology

Skaþinawjō > Skaney > Scedenig > Skandera?????

sure why not

History

Main Article: History of Skandera

Prehistory and settlement

Unification and Christianisation

Enlightenment era

End of Imperial Rule

Republic era

Federative Sovereign Republic

Government and Politics

Main Article: Politics of Skandera

Skandera is a confederation of five Sovereign Republics organised under a traditional three-branched government. The executive branch is headed by the First Minister, who concurrently serves as the head of the Central Committee and the head of the Politburo. Beneath the First Minister are two deputy ministers who oversee the Central Committee and Politburo respectively. Together, the First Minister and two deputy ministers give the semblance of a triumvirate, called the "Central Troika." The First Minister typically rules for life. The legislative branch consists of the bicameral Grand National Congress, which composed of the 80 member Grand Council for National Progress upper house and the 500 member National Assembly of the Republic lower house. The lower house is the only political office at the confederal level that is directly elected by the population. The Grand Council for National progress is made up of exclusively military and clergy serving for three-year terms. The judicial branch consists of the Standing Commission for Justice and Order and its constituents. The Standing Commission for Justice and Order exists purely to enforce legislation passed by Grand National Congress.

Branches of Government

Executive

Yulianna Aksakova is the current, and first woman,First Minister of Skandera.
The First Minister holds both de jure and de facto control over the day-to-day runnings of Skandera. The First Minister is elected by the XX Party and serves for as long as he/she is deemed capable of serving. In addition to being the head of the executive branch, the First Minister serves as both the head of the Central Committee of All Skanderans and the head of the Politburo. The First Minister is assisted in his/her duties by two Deputy Ministers, who oversee the day-to-day running of the Central Committee and the National Presidium for the Preservation of the State respectively. The three ministers together form the so-called "Central Troika."

The National Presidium for the Preservation of the State (NPPS or NPSnD), colloquially called the Politburo, is the advisory body of the First Minister, acting most similar to a presidential cabinet. Consisting of 22 members, the Politburo advises the First Minister regarding important legislative pieces being voted on in the Grand National Congress, internal and international developments, and other matters that concern the state. Additionally, each individual member can advise the First Minister on matters on a 1-on-1 basis. Sixteen of the 24 members are the heads of their own Committee and are titled by their respective department. The remaining six members are appointed by the First Minister and serve for the same four-year terms as the other 16 sitting members. The heads of the army, navy, and KSB are guaranteed seats on the Politburo and are traditionally the only military personnel allowed. However, presently nine out of the 16 sitting members of the committee are military officers. Because of the high amount of military officers acting as chairpersons, the Politburo has undertaken an unwritten military first policy. This is cemented by one of the tenets of Salvationism, where it explicitly states that a strong military is necessary for a strong state and strong centralised government.

The Central Committee of All Skanderans, often shortened to "Central Committee" (Centraľny Komitet), is the leading political element for the Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation. All political power is centred on the Committee Secretariat, a positioned that is chaired by the First Minister. The Central Committee can produce legislation and the state budget. Additionally, it is also the body that enforces the First Minister's executive orders. It is the sole body that can declare war, ratify treaties, and grant pardons for innocent people accused of crimes. The Central Committee consists of all sitting members of the Politburo and an additional six chairs that may be filled by representatives from important industries and acadamia.

Legislative

The Grand National Congress is a bicameral legislature consisting of an 80 delegate upper house called the Grand Council for National Progress, and the 500 delegate lower house called the National Assembly of the Republic. The Grand Council for National Progress consists of 80 members: 40 Representatives of industry and 40 military officials. The industry representatives are selected from key industrial sectors of the Skanderan economy and key economists. Military officials must hold a rank higher than leytenant and lose their position within the military for the duration of their two-year term. After the end of their term, they are reinstated back into the military and continue to serve for the duration of their contract. By law, sitting delegates for the Grand Council for National Progress are required to be apolitical. The National Assembly of the Republic is the only office that civilians are allowed to vote and run for. Delegates serve in the National Assembly for three-year terms and are able to be re-elected ad infinitum. The Proclamation for the Emancipation of the Workers and Peasantry allows only the Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation as the sole legal political party.

The largest and only political party within Skandera is the Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation, which operates on an ultranationalist, quasi-fascist, racialist party platform that generates and perpetuates Skanderan irrdentism and a supranational ethnic nationstate centred around a united Germano-Slavic peoples. The party was created in 1918 by Roman Korenjev and has been the most popular party since.

The Grand National Congress primarily exists to give legal sanction to all decisions made by the Central Committee for All Skanderans; this does not mean it is without influence, however. It exists as a political forum in which legislation is proposed and debated with input by the different parts of government. Despite the overarching Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation, there are some issues where a consensus cannot be reached. These disagreements are caused between progressive or hardline factions within the party or the differing attitudes of the party themselves. Through a series of conventions and procedures, the Grand National Congress has developed a tradition of reaching a compromise between the varying factions of government. Because of this, 420 votes are required to pass proposed pieces of legislation into law, ensuring the need for a consensus of the majority.

Judiciary and law

Main Article: Skanderan Law

Skanderan law is civil by nature. The Proclamation of the Emancipation of the Workers' and Peasantry, Skandera's constitution, guarantees a trial within a reasonable time period. Trial by jury does not exist within the nation, with all instances of court proceeding in front of a tribunal consisting of a judge and two lawyers. Unlike most nations' judicial systems, Skanderan courts operate under the pretence that the accused person is guilty, rather than under the pretence that they're innocent until proven guilty. This is due to the concept that the state is all-knowing and infallible, and that the role of the court isn't to determine innocence or guilt, but to educate the populace on the merits of good citizenry.

The judiciary is not independent of the other branches of government. The State Commission for Justice and Order supervises the lower courts and applies the law as established by the constitution or as interpreted by the Grand Council for National Progress. The Oversight Committee reviews the constitutionality of laws and acts. Ultimately, the Skanderan legal system regards the law as an arm of politics and courts as agencies of the government. The system is designed to protect the state from the individual, rather than to protect the individual from the state. Extensive extra-judiciary powers are given to secret police agencies.

Beneath the State Commission for Justice and Order are district courts and corresponding appellate courts, which handle civil and criminal cases and appeals respectively. District courts are headed by a magister and can be assisted by up to three other magisters depending on the severity of the case. Simple cases such as applying for a divorce may be handled by notaries or trained office staff. In the rare occurrence that a case is granted an appeal, it is viewed by an Appellate Court, located in each oblast capital. The appellate court consists of a chief magister and a number of lay judges.

Military

Foreign Relations

Economy

Geography

Climate

Administrative divisions

Demographics

Main Article: Demographics of Skandera

With a population of nearly 188,000,000, Skandera is the X most populous nation within Anterra. The nation's population is largely concentrated along the eastern coast, where over 65% of the population resides. Over 70% of Skanderans are urbanised, with the remaining 30% being rural. The Skanderan population has been steadily growing since the turn of the 20th century, with the biggest population growth during the 1970s. Economic and social turmoil during the 1990s saw a brief period of emigration, with an average population reduction of 109,540 people per year between the years of 1993 - 1997. In 1999, the Skanderan government began to simplify immigration laws and launched a programme for providing assistance to voluntary immigration to the USSR for ethnically Germanic and Baltic peoples living in Yurop.

The average life expectancy for Skanderans are 67.89 years for men and 74.21 years for females. Skandera probably has one of the highest birth rates in Anterra, with 11.7 births per 1000 people, this is mitigated however by a high death rate of 9.2 per 1000 people. The Standing Committee for Health and Wellbeing estimates the death rate will continue to decline as modern medical techniques become more readily available to more rural areas of the nation. Since 2005, the government has implemented a number of programs designed to increase the birth rate and attract more immigrants. Monthly government child assistance payments were doubled to $60, and a one-time payment of $10,000 was offered to urban women who have a second child.

Ethnic groups

Main article: Skanderans

The term "Skanderan" is used as an umbrella demonym to describe the current population of Skandera. Since the National Socialist Agricultural Labourers' and Workers' Party came to power in 1927, it has been propagating the usage of "Skanderan" to be used as a "national identity for all Germanic, Baltic, and Slavic peoples living in Anterra." This is reflected in the national census, which no longer includes a choice for selecting the ethnicity of the person. Instead, this choice has been replaced by a question asking the racial composition of the household. As of the 2010 National Census, over 99% of the nation constitutes as being "White Skanderan."

Non-government affiliated census agencies rank Skandera as one of the most ethnically diverse nations in the region, with over 21 ethnic groups. The biggest of these ethnic groups are Varangians, who constitute over 61% of the Skanderan population.

Language

Main Article: Languages of Skandera

Slavonic is the official language of Skandera, with Slavonic being spoken by over 87% of the population spoke as a first or second language.

Largest Cities

Women

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Female officer cadets of the VSM-FSRS on parade in Leskova Square.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Skanderan feminism shifted from being primarily concerned with the aristocracy to involving the poor and working class. Coinciding with the rise of Salvationism (Četinamatčina), public women's union were organised in the majority of cities across the nation. In order to gain support for the 1927 general elections, the Revolutionary Movement for National Salvation included equality for women as a central part of its political platform.

As collectivisation and subsequent industrialisation began in the 1930s, women began taking a larger role both at home and the workplace. It was during this period that women experienced the greatest advancement in their rights since the Enlightenment era in the 1800s. It was during this time period that women were granted a generous maternity leave, same workplace rights as men, and others.

Post-1940s Skanderan society saw a great burst of women's political, social, and economic action. In cultural centers across Skandera, chiefly Artemivka, Trilesina, and Voronovka, women intelligentsia circles emerged that allowed women to take greater political action, academic research, business ventures, and artistic ventures. Prevailing ideology declares man and woman to be equal, which is reflected in both society and the job market. Over 78% of the nation's women have university degrees and over 60% of the nation's women are employed. Although 31% of women who hold university degrees hold advanced degrees there is a proportionally lower participation of women in advanced political offices and education offices. Although over forty percent of women serve in the Grand National Congress, there is a lack of women present in the upper echelons of government, with less than twenty-five percent of women sitting on government committees. These percentages are claimed to be higher than many Western countries, leading many women's rights advocacy groups to consider Skandera one of the most egalitarian nations within Anterra.

Education

Religion

Health

Immigration

None.

Culture

Cuisine

Sport