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Federal Republic of SkallenFörbundsrepubliken Skallen
|Motto: “Dette Vil Stå!”|
|Anthem: "Denne Forening Vil Stå!"|
|Official languages||Skallish, English, Sveamil, Norinsk, Danskfuuri|
|Ethnic groups (2017)||Skallmark (43%)
|Government||Federal parliamentary constitutional republic|
|Legislature||Skallen Føderale Lovgivende|
318,302 sq mi
|GDP (nominal)||2015 estimate estimate|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||SK|
The Forbundsrepublikken Skallen (English: Federal Republic of Skallen) or the Foderation (English: Federation), is a federal parliamentary republic in Moneta. It includes 19 constituent states and covers an area of X square kilometres (X sq mi) with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital is Mazenguard, while it's largest city is Hovgaard.
- 1 History of Skallen
- 2 Geography, climate and environment
- 3 Politics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
History of Skallen
The earliest traces of human occupation in Skallen are found along the coast, where the huge ice shelf of the last ice age first melted between 12,000 and 9,000 BCE. The oldest finds are stone tools dating from 9,500 to 6,000 BC, discovered in Filinbar in the north and Sermgel in the south-west. However, theories about two altogether different cultures were rendered obsolete in the 1970s.
More recent finds along the entire coast revealed to archaeologists that the difference between the two can simply be ascribed to different types of tools and not to different cultures. Coastal fauna provided a means of livelihood for fishermen and hunters, who may have made their way along the southern coast about 10,000 BC when the interior was still covered with ice. It is now thought that these so-called "Ice" peoples came from the south and followed the coast northward considerably later.
Hill forts were built on precipitous rocks for defence. Excavation has revealed stone foundations of farmhouses 18 to 27 metres (59 to 89 ft) long—one even 46 metres (151 feet) long—the roofs of which were supported on wooden posts. These houses were family homesteads where several generations lived together, with people and cattle under one roof. Petty kings and tyrants ran amok in the lands, hoarding any and all food or minerals they could get their hands on. For apparently a span of one hundred years these kings ruled over a splintered land, with records recovered indicating there were at least twelve, and possibly thirteen separate kingdoms, although there are references to many more, which remain unconfirmed.
These states were based on either clans or tribes. By the 9th century, each of these small states had things (local or regional assemblies), for negotiating and settling disputes. The thing meeting places, each eventually with a hörgr (open-air sanctuary) or a heathen hof (temple; literally "hill"), were usually situated on the oldest and best farms, which belonged to the chieftains and wealthiest farmers. The regional things united to form even larger units: assemblies of deputy yeomen from several regions. In this way, the lagting (assemblies for negotiations and lawmaking) developed. The Gulating had its meeting place by Regenfjord and may have been the centre of an aristocratic confederation along the western fjords and islands called the Gulatingslag. The Frostating was the assembly for the leaders in the Reihelmfjord area; the Earls of Rulde, near Ossvold, seem to have enlarged the Frostatingslag by adding the coastland.
According to tradition, Harald Karstenr unified them into one in 712 after the Battle of Poulsbo in Seltingr, thus becoming the first king of a united Skall. Harald's realm was mainly a South Skall coastal state. Karstenr ruled with a strong hand and according to the sagas, many Skall migrated into traditionally Norinmark and Sveamark lands, in some ways setting up the conditions in the future that would lead to a unified state. Only the Danskmark lands on the coast proved too hostile for the Skall to settle, as the residents violently expelled new attempts to establish towns.
It was in this era that the first vestiges of modern kingdoms and states began to form among the people of modern Skallen. The Skallmark and Norinmark had established by this point something akin to monarchies, and the Sveamark had developed a noble republic of warrior chiefs, where a 'high prince' was elected from among their number. Between the growing similarities and the constant threat posed by the Danskmark pirates off the coast, further cooperation was warranted between the three states.
As the 14th century began, Danskmark raids only grew more frequent on the Skall settlers and cities in the frontier region, and violence on other groups grew more frequent as well. By now, the nobility of the Frostatingslag ( early Skallen ) was intertwined with the Norinmark and Sveamark states own ruling apparatus. In 1341, when Skall king Gautstafr II passed, his daughter Brynhildr was set to inherit the throne of both the Skall and Norin kingdoms, while the Sveamark agreed to elect the van Stazer family as high prince in perpetuity. Thus, in 1342, the Unstad Compact was created, merging the three states, albeit haphazardly, into a single entity. This is the first instance of the name 'Skallen' being used to reference a nation or kingdom.
However, it was also during this time that the Black Plague swept through the regions of the new state and devastated the populace, Skallmarks, Danskmarks, Norinmarks and Sveamarks alike died in droves. It is estimated that the total population of the area dropped by as much as 50%, and although this is lighter then most other regions, the disparate and sparse population meant that recovery took much longer for the mainland. This however lead to a weakening of the nobility, as farms were left abandoned, and those that were not suddenly found their place in society much more important, leading to the growth of a large farmholding class of psuedo-nobility.
Closing call for the Monarchy and revolution
Unification of the Member-States
Ascension of Gro Andreasson
The Popular Uprising
A small gathering of citizens in the Lys Fremtid projects on February 14th, 1997, set out to protest the national service policy that required all able-bodied citizens to register and undertake some form of government service for at least two years, with police first reporting only around a hundred or so people. Reports are still vague and hard to confirm, but the most common story people offer for why the movement exploded as it did was a decision by the Police commander on the scene, one Captain Jerker Klauson, ordering lethal force to be used if need be. Almost immediately at Noon, shots rang out through the plaza, and panic ensued. Instead of dispersing the movement, the shooting only served to shake the local populace into action. Besides this, the Police were not wholly behind the idea of gunning down more citizens, and infighting between Police units broke out. Before 1:00PM had come to pass, the district was entirely in the hands of citizens and defected officers. Captain Klauson was captured by the defecting Police and placed under 'Citizens Arrest', while the now large mob began to plan a march on the Regeringen Distriktet, where the government keeps it's offices and facilities.
As the news spread of the Police defections and the swelling crowd, estimated to contain upwards of 10,000 people now, began to filter through the city, even a Government blackout on internet services failed to keep the news quarantined. Steadfast Watch ordered the military to mobilize and quash the budding movement, and as a result the local units were sent to the city. This was the 2. Vagter Tanken Division and the 103. Vagter Luftbårne Division, both composed of mostly local citizens and largely sympathetic to the crowds. The government was frantically evacuating the Blå Palads as the two Divisions came to head off the movement, Steadfast Watch and her government supporters flying to the Poulsbo AFB to wait for word on the action. However, despite some commanders wishing otherwise, the vast majority of Government troops sent to disperse the crowds ended up joining them. Conscripts themselves, many were heard chanting slogans ranging from "Ikke længere er vi slaver!" (No longer are we slaves.) to "Lad os hænge Steadfast ud som vasketøj!" (Let's hang Steadfast out like laundry!). When the crowds finally reached the government building, few remained there to surrender and capitulate, so it was that the Commissar of Civil Aviation, Teodor Hansen-Abel offered the governments resignation. This remains a sticking point for the exiled government members who claim the entire movement is illegal still, and the Commissar was not legally allowed to offer the dissolution of the government, while the interim government has declared that those who have fled are all wanted for war crimes.
Geography, climate and environment
Skallen comprises the south-east part of Moneta. The rugged coastline, broken by fjords and numerous inlets and islands, stretches nearly the entire length of the coast. Skallen shares a long land border with the Republic of Vieri, and smaller borders with the Azurgan Republic and the Republic of Transwell. To the south, Skallen is bordered by the Palajin Sea. The Ossvold Mountains form much of the inland border with Vieri and Azurgan Republic.
Skallen has 19 provinces or Forbundsstater (Federal states), based on culture, geography and history. The states are usually grouped together in four large sections, the northern Nordholder, the west-central Flodhold, the coastal Havnhold and southern Græsland. Administratively, the groupings serve no purpose beyond name and some level of racial identity between the cultures within Skallen. Government is still exercised from the states.
Southern and coastal Skallen is predominantly agricultural, with increasing forest coverage northward. Around 55% of Skallen's total land area is covered with forests. The highest population density is in Mazengard state in central Skallen, following the Poulsbo River, and in the valley of lake Poulsbo. Nybro is Skallen's largest island. Skallen's extensive waterway availability throughout the south was exploited with the building of the Schein Canal in the 19th century, shortening the potential distance between the Palajin Sea west of Mazengard to the inlet in the Azurgan Republic by some length.
The president, Vidar Mattsson (15 July, 2015–present), is the head of state and invested primarily with representative responsibilities and powers. He is elected by the Forbundskonvention (federal convention), an institution consisting of the members of the Forbundskammer and an equal number of state delegates. The second-highest official in the Skall order of precedence is the Forbundskammerpræsident (President of the Forbundskammer), who is elected by the Forbundskammer and responsible for overseeing the daily sessions of the body. The third-highest official and the head of government is the Chancellor, who is appointed by the Forbundskammerpræsident after being elected by the Forbundskammer.
President since 2015
Chancellor since 2015
The chancellor, Katherine Akselsen (15 July, 2015–present), is the head of government and exercises executive power, similar to the role of a Prime Minister in other parliamentary democracies. Federal legislative power is vested in the parliament consisting of the Forbundskammer (Federal Chamber) and Forbundsrådet (Federal Council), which together form the legislative body. The Forbundskammer is elected through direct elections, by proportional representation (mixed-member). The members of the Forbundsrådet represent the governments of the sixteen federated states and are members of the state cabinets.
Skallen has a civil law system based on Roman law with some references to Skall law. The Forbundsforfatningsdomstol (Federal Constitutional Court) is the Skall Supreme Court responsible for constitutional matters, with power of judicial review. Skallen's supreme court system, called Højeste Føderale Domstole, is specialised: for civil and criminal cases, the highest court of appeal is the inquisitorial Federal Justice Court, and for other affairs the courts are the Federal Labour Court, the Federal Social Court, the Federal Finance Court and the Federal Administrative Court.
Criminal and private laws are codified on the national level in the Straffeloven and the Civilret af Loven respectively. The Skall penal system seeks the rehabilitation of the criminal and the protection of the general public. Except for petty crimes, which are tried before a single professional judge, and serious political crimes, all charges are tried before mixed tribunals on which lay judges (Lægdommer) sit side by side with professional judges. Many of the fundamental matters of administrative law remain in the jurisdiction of the states.
Skallen comprises nineteen federal states which are collectively referred to as Forbundsstater. Each state has its own state constitution and is largely autonomous in regard to its internal organisation. Because of differences in size and population the subdivisions of these states vary, especially as between city states (Bystater) and states with larger territories (Samarbejdsområde). As of 2015 Skallen is divided into 421 districts (Område) at a municipal level; these consist of 325 rural districts and 96 urban districts.
Skallen has a network of nearly 50 diplomatic missions abroad and maintains relations with more than 42 countries. It has played a notable role in the Moneta and has maintained strong relations with most neighboring countries since it's reformation.
Skallen's military, the Skall Forsvaret, is organised into Hær (Army and special forces SK), Flådestyrke (Navy), Luftvåben (Air Force) branches. In 2015, military spending was an estimated 5% of the country's GDP. In peacetime, the Skall Forsvaret is commanded by the Minister of Defence. In state of defence, the Chancellor would become commander-in-chief of the Skall Forsvaret.
As of July 2015 the Skall Forsvaret employs some 525,554 professional and conscripted soldiers, sailors, and airmen, the leftovers from the former Revolutionary Force. The Skall government plans to reduce the number of soldiers to 300,000 professionals and up to ~150,000 short-term volunteers. Reservists are to be available to the Armed Forces and participate in defence exercises and deployments abroad.
Prior to the collapse of the left-wing government, the economy of Skallen was a strong industrial and agricultural component within the Moneta. With the dissolution of the left-wing system, the country moved from a planned economy to a more market economy. The transition process has been difficult for the majority of the population which plunged somewhat into poverty. Skallen's economy has contracted severely in the following months after the left-wing dissolution. Day-to-day life for the average person living in Skallen is something of a struggle. A significant number of citizens in rural Skallen survive by growing their own food, often working two or more jobs and buying the basic necessities through a partial barter economy.
Races & Cultures
Skallen's population is surprisingly diverse, considering the climate and history of the nation. The majority of the population, some 43% are humans, the group that call themselves Skallmark, which is where the name of the nation comes from. While the Skallmark populate most of the nation, they are mostly in the central portions of the nations and in the Ossvold River Valley, with areas along the coast mostly considered their birthlands as well.
To the north, within the Ossvold Mountain Rance, on Nybro and along the colder coasts, the Danskmark (Tuhkiho) are more numerous, making up 22% of the population. They are a race of ashen skinned elves, normally with white hair. The Danskmark were previously their own political entity stretching back to the middle ages, the Nybro Frie Mennesker, claiming at their peak the island of Nybro and some of the surrounding coastlines, until the Skall Kingdom drove them back, and eventually annexed them. Up until the establishment of the left-wing government of Red Wave, they were generally disenfranchised and kept back by subtle racism.
The Norinmark and Sveamark are the people of the south, inhabiting the region south and west of Tre Systrar Lake, all the way to the western coast. They comprise 16% and 14% of the nation's population respectively. Both groups don't differ much from the more numerous Skallmark, though usually they are less pale and have darker colored hair, due to the slightly warmer climate in the south of the nation. Both groups have been part of the Skall Kingdom almost since it was founded.