Pavonistade

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Pavonistadian Provinces
Perovenses Pavonisteidch
Provincia i Pavonistade

Pavonistadian Triple Ultima Veritas-Caritas-Comitas Shield
Flag Shield
Motto: Veritas, Caritas, Comitas (Latin)
"Truth, Charity, Courtesy"
Anthem: Jloreas pol Pavonisteid (Pavon)
"Glory for Pavonistade"
Location of Pavonistade (green) in Artisia
CapitalPavonistadeck
Largest City Vadopol
Official languages Pavon, Luziycan
Recognised national languages English, Lombardian
Recognised regional languages French, German
Ethnic groups (2015) 66.5% White
10.2% Black
7.2% Monic Pavonistadian
4.5% Aboriginal
3.9% Mixed-Backgrounds
3.3% Nautasian Pavonistadian

4.4% Other
Demonym Pavonistadian
Pavon
Government Federal constitutional presidential republic
 -  President Kal Simpsen
 -  Vice President Aurelia Robbens
 -  Chief Justice Patricia Avoleson
Legislature Parliament
Establishment
 -  First unification 971 BCE 
 -  Lombardian contact 1588 CE 
 -  Lombardian independence November 1, 1827 
 -  First Republic 1898 
 -  Dominion of Pavonistade 1901 
 -  Pavonistadian Provinces January 1, 1985 
Area
 -  Total 552,875.7 km2
213,467 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 8.12%
Population
 -  2016 estimate 87,600,000
 -  2013 census 85,120,596
 -  Density 156/km2
405/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $3.532 trillion
 -  Per capita $41491.65
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $3.550 trillion
 -  Per capita $41703.12
Gini (2014)42
medium
HDI (2014)0.905
very high
Currency Pavoid (♇) (PVP)
Time zone ST-9
Date format yyyy-mm-dd
Drives on the right
Calling code +422
ISO 3166 code PV
Internet TLD .pv

Pavonistade (/pərvənstd/; Pavon: Pavonisteid [pərviːəʊnˈsteɪd]; Luziycan: Pavonistade), officially the Pavonistadian Provinces (Pavon: Perovenses Pavonisteidch; Luziycan: Provincia i Pavonistade) and also known as the Province (la Perovense, or Den Provincia), is a sovereign state containing eight first-level administrative divisions. Pavonistade is in Eastern Esquarium, and lies to the southwest of Korizland.

Pavonistade was initially inhabited by numerous indigenous tribes that later formed civilizations. Lombardians arrived on the Pavonistadian islands and established their presence across the islands. Numerous factors marginalized the indigenous before the 20th century. After the first two kings of Pavonistade came to power, Giuseppe III was blamed for causing the Great Famine and was deposed by a coalition led by his son. The Duke of Matteryork allowed for the creation of the Dominion of Pavonistade. Pavonistade gained full independence with a passed independence referendum in 1981 and a ratified Republican constitution in 1985.

Pavonistade is a federation ruled under a presidential democracy and is led by the President. At the national level, Pavonistade is officially a bilingual nation with Pavon and Luziycan as its official languages. Pavonistade is populated by over 85 million people as of the 2013 Census of Pavonistade. An advanced economy and large trade networks allow Pavonistade to evolve into a notable power.

Pavonistade is a developed first-world nation and is considered to be a middle power with the potential to emerge as a great power. Pavonistadians have the ability to enjoy an opulent life, while the needy are appropriately cared for with successful charity programs and the national Volunteer Service. Pavonistade is a member of multiple international organizations such as the Esquarian Community and Ocepaloco.

Etymology

The name Pavonistade supposedly originates from the Jopj word pafstatie, which meant "village" or "city" for the natives.

When the Lombardians made contact, they were introduced by the indigenous to notable, isolated native cities. It is said that the Lombardians mistaken pafstatie for the name of the whole Pavonistadian islands, and by the next century the term Isole Pavón appeared on Lombardian maps of Pavonistade. Pavón is likely a corruption of pafstatie, which would later give way to the words Pavonstate and the later Pavonistade.

By the late 19th century, the word Pavonistade began to exist and was used to name the dominion that succeeded the First Republic.

History

See also: History of Pavonistade, Timeline of Pavonistadian history

Indigenous people

A painting of an indigenous Pavonistadian settlement.

Human existence in Pavonistade, specifically in Eastern Islands, had been dated back to 20,000 BCE, with the oldest human habitation sites located at Rough Coast in Eastern Islands. Analysis of ancient human locations indicated that buildings were mostly made out of tropical wood and grass, clay, and occasionally rocks, and that inhabitants usually gather their food by hunting and fishing. The total indigenous population on the major Pavonistadian islands was estimated to be around 3 million before the 1st century.

Human remains had suggested cannibalism was practiced frequently throughout Pavonistadian antiquity. As agriculture became commonplace and large indigenous nations known as combines have arisen, cannibalism was reduced to an intermittent practice. No combines have successfully unified all of the indigenous until 9 BCE, when a commander of the Hals'se Combine conquered the last non-Hals'se combine.

The ancient city of Alkaar, a surviving record from the indigenous era.

After the Pavonistadian indigenous were unified, the leader Os'sieamnah established the Jopj Combine. He guaranteed semi-autonomy and religious freedoms for conquered regions in return for loyalty, which proved to be very effective for him. For the decades onward, the Jopj explored numerous regions such as the immediate surrounding islands and the interior mountains. Through centuries, the Jopj progressed socially, culturally, economically and technologically.

The Jopj Combine developed its first "colony" in 900 CE. Records show that the Jopj built a small post in the northernmost region of North Chuikovie, one of the main islands of West Pavonistade. The post accelerated the exploration of and migration to the two Western Pavonistadian islands.

Lombardian colonization

Contact and trade between the Jopj Combine and other foreign explorers have been reported since the early 16th century. The Lombardians came to Pavonistadian soils and began the gradual colonization of the islands, starting with trading posts with the Jopj Combine. The first colony to be created was called Nuova Firenze to the Lombardians or the New Colonies to the Pavonistadians, which had developed into Vadopol. The next major colony to be established was given the name Cagliari (Serenissima for the Pavonistadians), which is present-time Pavonistadeck.

The colonies on Pavonistade, labelling themselves as provinces, were separate entities and were not part of a union. Negotiations allow them to unify as a single colony, which takes the name New Colonies from the first Lombardian post in 1588. The unification ceased much of the disputes between the formerly-independent Lombardian colonies and allowed them to operate as a single entity under a single banner. Both their population nad territories expanded over the years, which worried the Jopj Combine.

It was during the Lombardian colonization that the Jopj Combine began to lose control of the Pavonistadian islands. It is widely agreed that the Jopj Combine was no longer existent by the early 19th century, or at least existed in name only. The indigenous population, both Jopj and non-Jopj, declined to a mere amount of its original counterpart. The collapse of the Jopj Combine and the downfall of the indigenous are some of the most studied historical topics in Pavonistade.

Kingdom of Pavonistade

Pavonistade was let go on November 1, 1827, which coincided with the All Saint's Day, although there was still notable Lombardian influence. This was when the Kings of Pavonistade began to appear, with Giuseppe the First becoming the first of them. With the arrival of the Kings came the Kingdom of Pavonistade, also known as Pavonia. Aboriginals that continued to live in native land were pushed to relocate to reserves set up by the monarchy.

Giuseppe I ruled Pavonia until his death in 1837, notwithstanding remaining indigenous opposition. Giuseppe I was succeeded by his son Giuseppe II, who in turn was suceeded by Giuseppe III (also known as Giuseppe the Terrible) in 1885. All three kings contributed to attempted assimilation of Aboriginals into Pavonian culture.

During Giuseppe III's rule, he became obsessed with Pavonistadian wine and ordered significant production of them. Wine production later became large that most agricultural land was used for its purpose and so led to the Great Famine of 1896-7. The famine, coupled with the rise of Pavonistadianists (which Giuseppe III supported) and conflicts against them, led to Giuseppe III's deposition by Giuseppe IV.

The deposition was supported by the Lutheran Catholic Church and much of Pavonistadians, and resulted in Giuseppe III's and his wife Queen Maria III's deaths in 1897. It was said that Giuseppe III was drowned in a barrel of wine, whereas Maria III was imprisoned into an oubliette in the King's Palace. The palace was renovated and refurbished into the Presidential Palace.

Giuseppe IV's reign was the shortest of the Kings, having led Pavonia less than a year. He was inexperienced in leadership and often had to seek the assistance of his advisers and ministers. He was deemed unfit to rule and was forced into house arrest in a mansion, where he was made to renounce his status as King. He had to abdicate to Fred Matteryork, who established the First Republic in 1898.

Modern Pavonistade

Pavonia and Pavonistade were crippled after Giuseppe III and a 1898 wine ban imposed by Giuseppe IV (damaging the wine-dominated economy). It was formally lifted in 1970 but production was de facto legalized since the 1930s when a new law permitted wine production and selling, but never repealed the original law. The ban caused Matteryork to send Pavonistade back under Luziycan control by replacing the First Republic with the Dominion of Pavonistade (also known as Padominion). It lost full sovereignty, but it recovered from the damages of the late 19th century. Meanwhile, the first residential schools were established to accelerate assimilation of Aboriginals and elimination of surviving native culture.

The primary and secondary sector mostly dominated the Pavonistadian economy, which suffered from a depression after an unusual sharp decline. The depression, lasting from 1929 to the late 1930s, was pivotal in Pavonistade's latter half of the 20th century as it resulted in the inception of significant Pavonistadian industrialization. Later on the economy started to shift focus from the primary and secondary sectors to the tertiary and quaternary sectors. Controversy regarding residential schools and mistreatment of Aboriginals led to the shutdown of residential schools, concluding with the last operating institution closing in 1990.

Vadopol at evening

Pavonistade formally became independent on 1985 after a Republican constitution was ratified in the same year, following an independence referendum on 1981. At the same year of the referendum, Lombardian lost its status as an official language on January 1. Following independence, the anthem, Inno della Libertà was stripped and replaced with the current anthem. Between 2005 and 2017, Pavonistade experienced the Centrist Revolution which inspired several political and social changes.

Geography

Pavonistade has a mountainous landscape, and many mountain ranges are shaped by volcanic activities over great lengths of time. Most of the interior of mainland Pavonistade, as well as that of other islands such as Eastern Islands and Kastor's Islands, are mountainous. Pavonistade's volcanic and geothermal activity is a result of the Pavonistadian Belt, a collection of hotspots under the Pavonistadian islands. There are 49 active volcanoes in Pavonistade, with the tallest being Mount Forstazika (3957 m). Several dormant and extinct volcanoes also exist, one of the most famous being the dormant volcano Mount Ulieses (2721 m).

The body of water around Pavonistade is called the Pavonistadian Sea. The longest river is the Alxi River, with a distance of 1,805 km and stretching from central North Pavonistade to Forstazika. The largest lake is the Naz Lake, situated in central Western Pavonistade, with a total area of 970 km2. Many rivers in Pavonsitade originate from the elongated mountain ranges of Central Province, Western Pavonistade and southern North Pavonistade.

As much of Pavonistade is mountainous or occupied by tropical rainforests, around 6.0% of land is considered arable.

Climate

Much of Pavonistade is considered to have a tropical rainforest climate. Frequent precipitation of over 60 mm is expected each month and elevated temperatures between 22°C and 30°C are regularly experienced in low-altitude regions. Humidity often exceeds 77%. The combination of climatic conditions allowed distinctive rainforests to develop on the Pavonistadian islands, as well as a significant level of biodiversity to be established within such rainforests. In high or intermediate-altitude regions such as the Pavonistadian interiors, substantially-lower average temperatures and humidity are documented.

The climate of Pavonistade is influenced by the Teebeeayy current. Human activity and global warming has resulted in damage to sensitive environments, increased risks to endangered species and desertification.

Administrative divisions

Pavonistade has eight first-level administrative divisions, which are entitled provinces.

Map of Pavonistade
A map of Pavonistade
Province Capital Largest City Population
Capitalstateflag.png Capital Province Pavonistadeck Pavonistadeck 3,104,845
Centralstateflag.png Central Province Oktosis Oktosis 14,308,256
Easternislandsflag.png Eastern Islands Manisbourg Manisbourg 10,836,144
Flag of Saxony.svg Forstazika Forstazika Forstazika 4,938,571
Northpavonistadeflag.png North Pavonistade Saelmann Vadopol 28,746,017
Capitalstateflag.png Occidentia Vestelen Vestelen 600,512
Toloupumsectorflag.png Toloupum Sector Toloupum Toloupum 15,401,130
Westernpavonistadeflag.png Western Pavonistade Lokimia Mikhar 9,356,964

Government

Pavonistade is officially a federal constitutional presidential republic. Pavonistade has a Constitution, entitled the Constitution of the Pavonistadian Provinces, which is the supreme legislation of the country.

Pavonistade maintains a presidential system. Executive position is held and led by a President, who has the ability to exert powers such as signing a bill (proposal, as called in Pavonistade) into law. Pavonistade is governed by a federal government Pavonistadian Government, which is divided into the Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and Judicial Branch.

Legislature

The Pavonistadian Parliament.

The Parliament of Pavonistade is the main component of the federal legislative branch. It is unicameral and consists of a total of 431 seats. Each seat corresponds to an electoral district, also known as a constituency or riding, which represents approximately 200,000 residents.

There are six political parties represented in the Parliament, but two do not have official party status. Such status is granted to any parties that have received either 10% of constituencies or 10% of the popular vote. Official party status grants certain parliamentary privileges to parties and party members, such as the right to participate in Question Period.

Besides drafting and passing laws, the Parliament is capable of commencing, debate, and pass or defeat a vote of no-confidence if most Members of Parliament declared that the President is no longer deemed fit to hold executive position. Members of Parliament have no limits on the amount of times they may seek re-election for their constituency.

A tabled bill in Parliament undergoes a series of readings to determine legality and any need for amendments. In voting sessions, MPs may approve, reject, or abstain from voting and any bill must be passed with a supermajority (excluding abstentions). A passed bill is transferred to the Presidential Cabinet where the bill may be promulgated, vetoed, or disregarded for up to five days.

The electoral system used in Pavonistade is first-past-the-post and constituencies, divided based on population, correspond to provincial borders. General elections occur every four years.

Executive

The President is the head of state and government of Pavonistade. The term cabinet may refer to the main composition of the Pavonistadian Government (President, Vice President, and ministers). The official residence and workplace of the President is the Presidential Palace.

Under a presidential system, the President is the highest position and the most powerful person in Pavonistade. The President is obliged and tasked to exert executive power and contribute to managing the nation as a whole. However, the power of the President and the Executive Branch is limited. The President has various powers, including but not limited to promulgating, vetoing, or ignoring a bill; tabling a bill; and issuing a pre-emptive signature or executive order under certain circumstances. A presidential veto may be overriden by a supermajority in the Parliament (two-thirds of MPs).

The powers of the executive branch are limited by the Constitution. The President would continue to serve until they resign, are impeached, a vote of no-confidence against their government passes, or they die. A President may serve for up to three consecutive terms, each term with a length of 4 years, although otherwise they may seek re-election without limitation.

Judiciary

The Supreme Court of Pavonistade is the highest court in Pavonistade and the main component of the judicial branch of the federal government. Nine Justices, including one Chief Justice, serve in the Supreme Court and have life tenure and may hold their positions until they are mandated to retire at age 75. On occasion the judiciary may interpret the Constitution and federal laws, oversee balance among the three government branches, resolve legal action involving the federal government and hear certain appeals from inferior courts.

Pavonistade has a bijuridical system, employing elements from both common law and civil law.

Foreign affairs and relations

Pavonistade maintains a semi-interventionist foreign policy. The foreign affairs and relations of Pavonistade is the responsibility of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Economy

Main article: Economy of Pavonistade

Construction of several Forstazikan skyscrapers. Globalization had marked a strong expansion in the Pavonistadian economy.

The modern Pavonistadian economy is marked by a strong employed force, a stable currency, enlarging tertiary and quaternary sectors, shrinking primary and secondary sectors, and strong trading networks. The Pavonistadian economy, currency, and employed force had blossomed in recent times. The primary and secondary sectors, which were what allowed Pavonistade to move forward, are shrinking steadily in favor of tertiary and quaternary sectors. The nominal gross domestic product of Pavonistade as of 2016 is $4.392 trillion.

Prior to the Great Depression and the Pavonistadian Industrial Revolution, Pavonistade's then-tiny economy is solely dominated by the primary sector. The prosperous agricultural, fishing, and lumbering sectors accounted for an overwhelming majority of occupations in Pavonistade. The primary sector, along with trading, was successful to a point that hunger was extremely rare. During the Pavonistadian Depression of 1930s (also known in Pavonistade as the Great Depression), the economy weakened to a dissatisfied state previously unheard of in Pavonistade.

As a result, the Pavonistadian Industrial Revolution later came underway. It eliminated the effects of the Great Depression and saved the Pavoid from collapse. The Pavonistadian economy expanded and became prosperous again, but the Government Shutdown of 1973 weakened it for a short period of time. In near-modern and modern times, globalization had created a sharp boost in the economy and the Pavoid, as well as Pavonistade's cultural influence.

Secondary industries remain a major part of the Pavonistadian economy, though they are overtaken by tertiary and quaternary industries. As of April 2017, both the nominal GDP and PPP-based GDP lie above $3.5 trillion and the unemployment rate is at 5.5%. The currency of Pavonistade is the Pavonistadian Pavoid, represented by the symbol ♇.

Trade

The most commonly imported goods include vegetables, fruits, water, aluminum, steel, uranium, and fossil fuels. The most commonly exported goods include electronics, machinery, automobiles, aircraft parts, plastics and non-fuel oil products, chemicals, and pharmaceutical products. The largest trader with Pavonistade is Luziyca, and other important traders include Esquarian nations.

Pavonistade serves as one of the important hubs for trading ships. Its many large harbors and position help to connect multiple nations and create a notable trading network centered on Pavonistade. River systems, such as the Smasgtani River System, are used by Pavonistadian and foreign ships for trading, transporting, and travelling. Pavonistade also has many airports for trading, and numerous cargo planes travel on a daily basis to unload and load products in Pavonistadian airports. Within Pavonistade, rail systems and extensive cargo trains are often used to transport goods and products from one Pavonistadian location to another.

Depressions and recessions

The Pavonistadian Depression of 1930s, also known as the Depression, was the first major economic issue to hit the Pavonistadian economy. As the economy sharply declined, unemployment in Pavonistade steeply rose from 4% to 33%. In an attempt to combat the Depression and internal problems that had risen, the Unemployment Relief Act and National Food and Water Rations Act passed. These laws rationed supplies and needs. New taxes were created and existing taxes were increased in order to obtain more money for the good of Pavonistade. Keynesian principles were also adopted to a degree.

The passed legislation, rations, and tax changes did little to curb the Depression, but they relieved and gave hope to the unemployed. Pre-Depression foreign debts valued to ♇1 billion, or $430 million (♇1 = USD$0.43 in the time period). The external debt rose to ♇5.92 billion, or $4.32 billion, but dropped to ♇2 billion ($1.46 billion) a few years after the Depression.

The Government Shutdown of 1973 caused a temporary recession in the Pavonistadian economy and Pavoid. Unemployment rose from 7.9% to 11.8%, the inflation rate rose from 3% to 5.4%, and the value of the Pavoid decreased. A revision of the ANBR was reached relatively soon after the start of the gridlock and recession. The economy and Pavoid slowly regained its strength to its pre-gridlock status and expanded ever since. In the 21st century, economic growth began to slow. The first recession of the 21st century occurred in 2008 while another recession began in September 2015.

Military

Approximately 1% of Pavonistade's population is enlisted in the Pavonistadian Armed Forces. Among the amount in the military are 593,000 personnel in reserves and 80,000 in active service, with an additional 200,000 paramilitary personnel. The Pavonistadian Military is split into three divisions, namely the Pavonistadian Army, the Pavonistadian Aerospace Force, and the Pavonistadian Navy. The President serves as the Commander-in-Chief.

The Pavonistadian Armed Forces maintains a policy of equally distributing funding to its three divisions. The armed forces has a large expediture amounting to 2% of the country's GDP. Its primary role is to defend Pavonistade and its interests. Its involvement elsewhere is limited to humanitarian purposes and by Pavonistade's semi-interventionist foreign policy

A selective service system exists in Pavonistade, identifying individuals that could potentially be drafted when the need arises.

Pavonistadian Armed Forces

Infrastructure

As a first-world nation, Pavonistade has the ability to develop and maintain a strong infrastructure. A healthy amount of funding and industrious maintenance groups for infrastructure allows it to sustain its remarkable strength, efficiency, and benefits. The infrastructure helps to not only transport people from one Pavonistadian location to another, education and health care are much improved and are some major fads of Pavonistade.

Transportation

A high-speed rail passenger train in a Pavonistadeckian station.

An average Pavonistadian road system consists of well-maintained asphalt roads and usually connects two settlements together, particularly cities and large towns. The TransPavonistadian Highway is the largest road system in Pavonistade, connecting all major cities (excluding Manisbourg) and several minor cities. Major roads or sections may be frequently congested with automobiles, such as the Pavonistadeckian-Vadopolitan section of the TransPavonistadian Highway. Roads may be seen with road maintenance and construction workers repairing any major road issues, but road maintenance is becoming a less frequent sight as its infrastructure is well-funded, built with care, inspected appropriately, and bettered. Most maintenance is government-funded although the private sector has a role in funding.

Public buses are the cheapest form of public transportation and can be conveniently used to travel across a city or town, although it is not as cheap as travelling with a car, bicycle, or personal transportation. Public bus routes do not include areas beyond the vicinity of large settlements, hence rural areas being bereft of public buses. Other forms of buses would be required in order to reach non-urban or non-suburban areas. Bus systems are the responsibility of municipal governments and often have government oversight.

Rail networks in Pavonistade consist of underground rapid transit, overground light rail, and high-speed rail. The Pavonistadian National Railway is the largest rail network, having intercity rails that include all cities through both overground and underground tunnels, excluding Manisbourg and cities that do not lie on Mainland Pavonistade. Usually, Pavonistadian passenger trains reach a maximum of 220 mph while commercial trains reach a maximum of 185 mph. Census data approximates that one-quarter of Pavonistadians travel on rail and most of inter-Pavonistadian transportation is done by this method.

Education

Taxation is an important factor in funding Pavonistadian education. Reforms in 2010 allow the Pavonistadian Government to offer universal primary education as well as universal childcare.

One would be educated first in preschool starting from the age of 3 and ending at the age of 5. Preschool terms last 2 years. One would then advance to primary school for 7 years, from age 5 to age 12. Following primary school would be secondary school, which lasts for 5 years and from age 13 to 17. Tertiary school (i.e. college, university), which is split into undergraduate and postgraduate, would last for 4 to 9 years, depending on the degree one wishes to pursue or the subject one wishes to study.

The literacy rates of both children and adults rest at 98%. 90% of adults (aged 18 and above) hold a secondary school diploma or equivalent. 63% of those who had a secondary diploma had enrolled in tertiary education and acquired a college or university diploma. 46% of students enroll in public schools, while 18% attend private schools, 11% are homeschooled, 9% attend alternative schools, 7% attend religious schools, and 2% are cyberschooled.

Health Care

Pavonistade has a national single-payer health care system as of 2010. Although single-payer health care already existed in Capital Provinces and Western Pavonistade before 2010, the concept of a medical scheme that covers all of Pavonistade is still new. The large-scale reforms in the health care system lead to many consequences to be addressed such as mounting expenditures, proper care for all patients, and appropriate coverage of expenses. One has the ability to opt for private health care or private medical insurance instead, though both are regulated by the federal government.

Pavonistadian health care is well-known for its competence. Government and third-party analysis indicates that incorrect medical procedures in Pavonistade are exceptionally rare, and treatment is usually successful for many illnesses. The overall infrastructure allows for continuous management of aliments, end-of-life care, and long-term or severe illnesses including HIV and Toloupum fever, despite noted flaws. There are 10 deaths per 1000 people as of 2012.

A variety of viral hemorrhagic fevers and notorious diseases are prevalent in the Pavonistadian islands since ancient times and still affect at least a dozen people every year. This may have pushed development into Pavonistade's health care system in the 20th and 21st centuries to appropriately respond to cases of such illnesses.

Energy

A geothermal power plant in North Pavonistade.

Most of the energy produced Pavonistade is derived from nuclear fission or renewable sources. Campaigns have been launched by both the federal governemnt and non-governmental organizations to completely shift away from non-renewable energy source and towards renewable energy.

Pavonistade is situated above several hotspots, providing a potentially large-scale source of geothermal energy. The abundane of rivers in Pavonistade has also led to various hydroelectric projects. Mountainous terrain is seeing an increase in wind farms and solar parks, likely due to the attempted exploitation of increased wind speeds and sunlight in promising regions.

Nuclear power plants are the most common power plants in Pavonistade, and account for 40% of all energy in Pavonistade. Virtually all reactors in Pavonistade are Pavonistadian Deuterium Uranium (PADU) reactors. Fossil fuel power plants, primarily coal-fired plants, account for 14% of all Pavonistadian energy and electricity. The remainder of energy demands in Pavonistade is satisfied by hydroelectricity (16%), geothermal energy (15%), wind energy (6%), garbage incineration (5%) and other forms of energy (4%).

Science and Technology

Pavonistade has markedly invested in research and development as well as scientific innovations, particularly during the 20th and 21st centuries. The Pavonistadian Government has supported various efforts in many different areas, such as improved energy efficiency in civilian products and augmented defense systems for the military. Extensive laboratories and STEM courses have been established by multiple provincial governments in an effort to promote science among Pavonistadians.

Most research and development are funded by the Pavonistadian Government. However, private organizations have also carried their own processes, with one of the largest private R&D organizations in Pavonistade being Torrent Initiative. In the contemporary era, there has been extensive collaboration between the Pavonistadian government and private organizations. Both also aim to collaborate with foreign countries, especially neighbouring countries. Most well-known projects in Pavonistade are related to emerging technologies such as precision agriculture.

Scientific programs in Pavonistade include a civilian space program and a national nuclear program not intended for nuclear proliferation.

Demographics

The Pavonistadian Census Bureau (PACB) is a federal institution tasked with examining demographics, gathering nationwide statistics on varying matters and compiling the information together to form a census.

Population

The current national population of Pavonistade is 87,292,439 as estimated in a 2015 federal analysis. The 2013 Census indicated that the population was 85,120,596 as of January of that year.

The Pavonistadian population consists of various ethno-racial groups, the largest being White Pavonistadians which constitute around half of the national population. A substantial increase in population growth in the last century was coupled with increased immigration and reduced death rates. Pavonistade is currently approaching Stage Four of demographic transition.

65% of Pavonistadians live in urban areas whereas 35% live in non-urban areas. Over one fourth of Pavonistadians live in the province of North Pavonistade, which hosts the largest metropolitan area in the country. The least-populated province is Occidentia, in which more than half of all inhabitants reside in its provincial capital. Census data of populations in municipalities are usually based on combined statistical areas.

Language

Pavon and Luziycan are the two official languages of Pavonistade. Pavon is the first language of most Pavonistadians and is a constructed language based off Lombardian and numerous indigenous languages. English is also widely used, being taught in educational institutions countrywide and used as the national lingua franca. Luziycan was much more spoken than Lombardian, thus in 1985, the latter was no longer recognized as an official language while the former was given official languge status by the new Constitution

In addition to the three official languages, several more are spoken in significance in different provinces. The most noteworthy of such languages is Lombardian, which was one of the three official languages before 1985 and is recognized by all provinces except for Capital Province. French and German are also recognized by multiple provinces due to their commonity in certain Pavonistadian regions.

Religion



Circle frame.svg

Religion in Pavonistade

  Irreligious (65%)
  Christianity (20%)
  Judaism (8%)
  Islam (5%)
  Others (2%)

At least half of Pavonistadians are atheist, agnostic, or irreligious. According to the 2013 Census and several reports, 65% of all Pavonistadians identify themselves as irreligious, 20% as Christians, 8% as Jewish, 5% as Muslims, and 2% as others.

Christianity, specifically Lutheran Catholicism, was declared the official religion of Pavonistade on January 1, 1900. This was an attempt to foster better relations between the Pavonistadian Government and Christians, primarily Lutheran Catholics. The declaration did not encourage the irreligious to participate in religion and angered non-Lutheran Catholic denominations or groups. They accused the government of favoring Christians over other religions, but such claims were rebuked. Christianity was removed as the official religion of Pavonistade on January 31, 2004, leaving the country with no official religions. The Laïcité Act of 2004 then banned the Pavonistadian Government and any governments of Pavonistade from designating a state religion.

Religions in Pavonistade are progressive and liberal compared to other varieties in other places. For instance, religious Pavonistadians accept consumption of foods and drinks considered to be taboo in other cultures. Religious Pavonistadians also liberally view on or leave alone abortion and other controversial topics. Religious services perform and support same-sex marriages, and homosexual priests and clergies are openly accepted.

Family structure

Pavonistadian families are generally kept small in an effort to promote efficiency and lessen demand for resources, and therefore develop some self-sustainability. A "typical Pavonistadian family", often illustrated in popular culture and historical government works, consists of one father, one mother, one son, and one daughter. Other family structures (e.g. two fathers) are not affected in any way. The typical family is gradually altered down as a greater number of people choose not to marry, families choose to have numerous children, same-sex marriages are conducted, and so on.

The 2013 Census found out that 51% of people aged 18 and up were married, 37% were never married, 8.9% were widowed, and 3.1% had divorced/have an annulment/etc. Census recorders explain the notable amounts of unmarried people with the fact that many may wish to stay independent and individualistic, and predict that this amount would increase steadily over the course of the future.

Culture

Pavonistadian indigenous culture and lifestyle leaves behind lingering impacts in contemporary culture, which is mostly dominated by western and Luziycan influences. Pavonistadian culture is noted to be socially liberal or liberal-conservative, although there are noticeable conservative populations in Pavonistade.

Contemporary Pavonistadians experience aspects from both communitarianism and individualism. Indigenous societies have been communitarian as they emphasized the harmony and relationship between the individual and the community. People became more individualist during the Lombardian colonization of Pavonistade, generating populations distinguished by how they valued individuals, communities, and their interactions. The belief of achieving success as an individual existed most prominently during the Kingdom, First Republic, and Dominion of Pavonistade.

Cuisine

A large range of ingredients are used in Pavonistadian cuisine, markedly backed by rising multiculturalism over the past decades. Western Pavonistade is noted to be more traditional and is a source of more vegetarian cuisines than the rest of the country. The foodstuff and beverages offered outside of Western Pavonistade are said to be "modernized" or in the process of being so.

Beverages that are commonly consumed across the country include coffee and chocolate beverages, the latter being used for a greater amount of time than any other in Pavonistade. Tea, carbonated soft drinks, frozen drinks, and milkshakes are also popular in more urbanized areas.

Due to famines in the pre-colonization history of Pavonistade, people had turned to all available foodstuffs that could be consumed, from insects to amanita muscaria. Pavonistadians have adapted to including numerous food sources into their cuisine and do not respond negatively to exotic dishes. Virtually all consumption of organisms that would otherwise be taboo is acceptable in Pavonistadian culture. Ocelot meat is the most common and popular exotic foods, followed by cetaceans and insects.

Literature

Many well-known authors and writers originate from Pavonistade.

Several Pavonistadian poets are recognized in their field of poetry. A majority of famous Pavonistadian poems, especially those produced in modern times, are in open form and are not subject to rhyme schemes. Alexander Sadou and Wila Masentes are notable free verse poets, the former being prominent from 1950 to 1980 and the latter being so in contemporary times. Other poetry were written in closed form or have a rhyme scheme. Contrary to the poetry of other countries, Pavonistadian poetry more commonly utilize less-frequent rhyme schemes such as off-centered rhyme and broken rhyme. An example of a closed form poet is Oliver Hejkins, who was most active in the 1940s.

Few plays, tragedies, and dramatic works have been written although they tend to be received warmly among most audiences. One of the most famous is Giuseppe, a 1935 tragedy written by dramatist Kastor Nassie, which details Giuseppe III's life with several fictional aspects. Such drama have been featured in various theaters across Pavonistade.

Novels are much more significant in Pavonistade when related to other literature. There are more writers oriented with novels than with other works. Consistently-popular novel genres tend to be adventure, alternate history, horror, romance, science fiction, and young adult-oriented topics. Short stories and novellae are influential alongside novels.

Media

The largest news broadcasting corporation is the Pavonistade Agency of News (abbreviated as PAN or ANP from Pavon: Agenitidas Nowves de Pavonisteid). Unlike some broadcasting corporations, the PAN broadcasts only news reports on major events, entertainment, science, et cetera and not broadcast other such programs as series. The largest broadcasting corporations include UniView Corporation and Pavonistadian Broadcasting Corporation, both known for a large range of Pavonistadian and foreign (mostly Western) programs.

Production of films or series is an increasing sector of Pavonistadian entertainment, and the Pavonistadian cinema is attaining increasing attention from other countries. Most Pavonistadian production studios are based in Vadopol, along with other entertainment studios and news headquarters. Prominent organizations and studios include Centralian Pictures, CountryMotion, Lokimia Productions, PAVEntertainments, and Smasgtani Entertainment.

The Internet is widely used in Pavonistade and its subculture has particularly impacted younger generations. Some of the most popular websites are of foreign origin and include Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Reddit and Youtube.

Sports

Pavonistade participates in numerous international sports tournaments and events such as Coupe d’Esquarium. The most popular sport in the country is considered to be association football, which was designated as the national sport on 1988. Other popular sports include basketball, baseball, and tennis.

Pavonistade has a national football team, which represents the country and is part of the Esquarian Football Association.

Holidays

The Pavonistadian Government outlawed the desgination of religious events such as Christmas as federal statutory holidays, from 2000 to 2004. Despite the lifting of the ban, pre-2000 designations have not been reinstated.

Date Name Statutory Holiday Notes
January 1 New Year's Day Yes Also Independence Day, commemorating independence of the Padominion
second Friday of February Family Day Yes
May 1 Labour Day Yes Commemorates laborers, May Day the falls on same date
August 31 Liberation Day Yes Commemorates the end of the Pavonistadian Revolution
October 31 Halloween No
November 1 New Colonies Day No Commemorates the independence of the New Colonies from Lombardia
November 11 Remembrance Day Yes Commemorates fallen members of the armed forces
fourth Friday of November Thanksgiving Yes Commemorates the harvest
December 26 Boxing Day No
December 31 New Year's Eve Yes Commemorates the last day of the year