|Motto: Намора гате каи (Namora gate kai)|
"Namor Begins Here"
Location of Capital District in Namor
|• Premier1||Vei Tucheng (ND)|
|• Rank||10th in Namor2|
|• Summer (DST)||observed (UTC)|
|1 While officially separate positions, the Mayor of Namo and Premier of Capital District have been held by the same person since 1995.|
2 If counted as a city, Capital District is the largest city in Namor by population. The City of Namo within Capital District has a population of 9,941,125 people, making it the third-largest city in Namor.
Capital District (Содуку tr. Soduku) is a region in the Nozama River Delta bordering West Namor, West Nozama, East Nozama, and Southern Namor that is designated as the capital of the People's Republic of Namor by Article 2 of the Namorese Constitution.
Officially, Capital District consists of the city of Namo and the outlying towns of Jungchang and Linju, with a mayor in each division. But because Namo makes up most of Capital District's total area and population, Capital District is colloquially referred to as Namo (Намо). A series of reforms in 1995 effectively abolished the local governments of Namo, Jungchang, and Linju, making the Mayor of Namo the ex officio head of Capital District and combining the assemblies of the three regions into a unified legislature. As of 2015, Capital District has a population of 11,707,786 people. If counted as one city, it is the largest city in Namor by population.
Namo has a long history. According to Namorese mythology, the city was founded by the goddess Vanho, who placed a golden rock on Kinto Mountain to suppress a flood and built a shrine on top of it that became known as the Southern Pavilion, or Namo, from which the city derives its name. During the Chinpun era, Namo emerged as a powerful city-state and absorbed neighboring territories to become one of the most powerful states in the Nozama River Valley. Namo was independent for centuries until it was defeated by the rival state of Tungmo. Namo was designated the capital of the Dan dynasty in 1264 and has remained the capital of Namor since, seating the governments of the Hao dynasty, Republic of Namor, and the present-day People's Republic of Namor.
Modern Namo is widely recognized as a global city. Since undergoing modernization and expansion in the 1950s, it has become one of the prominent financial centers in Borea. Namo also forms the backbone of the Nozama River Delta metropolitan area, one of the most populated metropolitan areas in Namor and one of the most populated in Esquarium.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture
- 7 Education
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Governance
- 10 International relations
The name Namo ("Southern Pavilion" in Namorese) originates in texts dating from the Kanamora period. According to legend, Namo was founded by the goddess Vanho who lifted a golden boulder from the ocean and placed it on top of a mountain to suppress a flood that was ravaging the Nozama River Delta. After the flood subsided, Vanho built a temple on top of the rock which she named the "Southern Pavilion" because of its location in the Nozama River Valley.
After the Kingdom of Nozama expanded southward and conquered the Nozama River Delta, its territory was said to have spanned "from Tanken Lake to the Southern Pavilion." Thus, Namo became the popular name of the area surrounding the Golden Rock.
Under the Dan dynasty, Namo was called Jingchin (京城), or "capital city," to signal its status as the imperial capital. The practice was discontinued under the Hao dynasty, which called its former capital To Nhu Jingchin (Kinh Thành in Tuhaoese) and saw Namo as a conquered city even after moving its capital there.
Namo began as a fishing village populated by members of the Nozama Valley Civilization who migrated to the Nozama River Delta in search of arable land. Namo's distance from the ocean and its hilly terrain meant it was not as impacted by floods as other human settlements in the delta, making it a popular place to live. Namo's invulnerability to floods is believed to be the basis of its founding myth. As Namo's population increased, so did its standing in the Nozama River Valley.
During the Kanamora period, Namo was nominally subject to the monarchy; in reality, it was administered by a dynasty of its own — the Ganjites, the claimed descendants of Ganji, one of Vanho's 72 children. Gradually, Namo became detached from Kanamora until it gained full independence following the death of Shihai, the last Kanamora king, in 746 BCE. Namo existed alongside other chinpun (city-states) that replaced Kanamora, and through the conquest of neighboring states became one of the most powerful states in the Nozama River Valley. However, territorial expansion saddled Namo with high taxes which resulted in increased opposition to the Ganjites at home. In 533 BCE, the last Ganjite ruler was overthrown in a coup led by Junglan, who started the Junglanite dynasty.
Namo formed an alliance with Tungmo against Fuyun during the Fuyun War from 404 to 396 BCE, which ended in Fuyun's capitulation to allied forces. Fuyun's defeat created a bipolar order in which Namo and Fuyun held the most influence, and a rivalry between the two states soon developed. In 354 BCE, Chunting, the last Junglanite ruler, was accused of colluding with Tungmo to gain power and toppled by Jinbo, the Chancellor of Namo. The Junglanites turned to Tungmo for assistance and Tungmo went to war with Namo. The Namo-Tungmo War lasted fourteen years before Tungmo conquered Namo in 340 BCE, marking the reunification of the Nozama River Valley. To intimidate Namo from rebelling, Yangte ordered half of Namo to be razed and returned the remaining half to the Junglanites. However, Namo still rebelled in 321 BCE, and Yangte retaliated by eliminating the Junglanites and destroying the entire city.
Under the Bo dynasty, Namo was eventually rebuilt to accommodate traders and pilgrims visiting the Golden Rock. After the Bo dynasty collapsed, the Cheng dynasty, which controlled the southern territories of the Bo empire, named Namo its capital. In 243, the Tunghao conquered and sacked Namo. Though the city was rebuilt shortly afterward, it constantly changed hands between rival states throughout the First North-South Divide and was unable to fully recover. It wasn't until the Li dynasty when Namo was free from the threat of invasion and grew to become the second-largest city in Namor after Jungkin.
In 790, Namo's elites rebelled against the Li in response to higher taxes levied to offset financial losses from the failed attempt to suppress the Minjianese Guang dynasty. The rebellion was successful, and Namo regained its independence. To protect itself from an invasion from the north, Namo became a vassal of the Guang dynasty, beginning its history of alignment with Minjian. When the Li dynasty ended in 857, Tzang Tao, the king of Namo, proclaimed himself emperor — a symbolic move that suggested Namo was on equal footing with neighboring empires. However, the Guang dynasty viewed Tzang's proclamation as rebellious and invaded Namo in 859, driving Tzang from power and incorporating Namo into its territory. For the next three hundred years, Namo was controlled by the Minjianese dynasties; during this time, the city was influenced by Minjianese culture.
Minjianese rule in Namo ended in 1139 when the Christian Jidu dynasty besieged the city as part of its conquest of Namor Proper. The Jidu armies proceeded to massacre most of Namo's inhabitants, leaving few traces of the city intact. The destruction of Namo was touted by the Jidu as a sign of Christianity's superiority to paganism, and instead of rebuilding Namo, the Jidu dynasty moved its capital to Sicho.
After the Jidu dynasty was overthrown, Dan Yensun designated Namo as the new capital and ordered it to be rebuilt under the name Jingchin. A walled complex, the Imperial City, was built to accommodate the imperial family, and soon became the center of the new city.
In 1613, Namo was captured by the Tuhaoese, who viewed the city as strategically valuable and did not destroy it entirely. Instead, the Tuhaoese royal family moved into the Imperial City, and Namo continued to serve as the capital, this time for the Hao dynasty.
Namo was at the center of the Double Fourth Revolution of 1910 when soldiers in the city mutinied against the imperial government with the backing of the Namorese Democratic Brotherhood, an anti-Hao revolutionary group. The uprising ended in a compromise where Namor became a constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature called the Imperial Diet. The Diet was built right across from the Imperial City on the eastern bank of the Anhai River — an area that would later become the seat of the modern Namorese government. However, the Diet building fell into disuse after the absolute monarchy was restored in 1915.
Namo fell to republican forces in 1921, an event that marked the end of the Hao dynasty and the Unification War. The city then served as the capital of the Republic of Namor for three years until it was captured by Liberationist forces in 1924. The following year, the cities of Namo, Jungchang, and Linju came under the jurisdiction of Capital District, which was named the capital of the People's Republic of Namor. The Republic of Namor continued to constitutionally claim Namo as its capital despite being based in Shinnachin, Peitoa.
During the Green Fever, numerous historical sites in Namo came under attack, while some sites, such as the Imperial City and Golden Rock, were closed to the public. After the Fever, the government invested in the reconstruction of damaged sites and designated many of them as national treasures.
In 1958, Namo was designated a special economic zone, becoming the second SEZ in Namor after Kinsan. The city started to expand as it opened up to foreign investment and millions moved in from the countryside. The Capital District Metro — the first subway system in Namor — began operations in 1975 on the 50th anniversary of the People's Republic.
During the 1990s when the Liberationists were no longer in power, Namo underwent deliberationization. Many public places that were named after Liberationist leaders and ideals were renamed, while Liberationist symbols such as statues of Antelope Yunglang and Antelope Gelai were removed and replaced.
On June 28, 1992, the Knights of Saint Luther, an Otekian separatist militant group, carried out a series of terrorist attacks across Namo, killing 139 people and injuring over a thousand. After the attacks, the Namorese government ramped up security in the city.
In 1999, a new airport was built on an artificial island located off the coast of Linju. In 2001, Millennium Bridge — a bridge spanning across Namo Bay — opened to vehicular traffic in celebration of the third millennium.
Capital District is enclosed within a square perimeter whose western and northwestern corners border West Namor, while its northeastern corner stands at the quadripoint between Jungchang, West Nozama, East Nozama and Southern Namor, and its southeastern corner borders Southern Namor. Two minor tributaries of the Nozama River run completely or partially across Capital District — the Anhai River, which starts at the northeastern corner of Capital District and dumps into the Namo Bay, and the Hongmu River, which aligns with Capital District's southeastern boundary with Southern Namor.
Capital District is made up of the City of Namo and the towns of Jungchang and Linju. Since "Namo" is often used interchangeably with Capital District, many refer to the City of Namo as the "Inner City" (Неичин tr. Neichin) or "Downtown" (Чинку tr. Chinku) when distinguishing it from the towns.
The City of Namo is divided into 20 numbered districts (Ку tr. ku), and each district is divided into neighborhoods (Кули tr. Kuli).
According to data from the 2015 Namorese Census, Capital District is home to 11,707,786 people. 9,941,125 people reside in the City of Namo, 908,885 people live in Jungchang, and 857,776 people live in Linju. This makes the City of Namo the 4th most populous city in Namor after Mojing, Nozama City, and Sicho; however, if counted as a single metropolitan area, Capital District is the largest city in Namor by population. Most sources incorporate the populations of Jungchang and Linju into the population of Namo and thereby consider Namo to be the most populous city.
Kannei Namorese, the dominant ethnicity in Namor, make up 96% of Capital District's population.
Tuhaoese, who make up two percent of the population, are the second largest ethnic group. Most are descendants of Tuhaoese who migrated to Namo following Tuhao's conquest of the city. After the downfall of the Hao dynasty, many Tuhaoese were expelled from Namo, while those who stayed were assimilated into Kannei society. The Tuhaoese population in Namo experienced a brief regrowth after Liberationist forces captured the city and sought to reverse the "chauvinistic" policies of their Republican predecessors. Most Tuhaoese Namoites now live in District 2, where the Imperial City is also located.
Vanho and Ganji are the most popular deities in the local religion of Namo. While Vanho is venerated as the founder of Namo, Ganji is venerated as the first ruler of the city-state of Namo and the patron deity of the city. Temples dedicated to both deities can be found throughout the city. The largest place of worship involving Ganji is the Shrine of Ganji in District 20, where Ganji is believed to be entombed. The shrine itself has been built and destroyed multiple times throughout Namo's history.
A few Namoites identify as Kansists and Christians. Kansism started to thrive in Namo after the Hao dynasty ended in 1921 and the decades-long suppression of the religion was discontinued. Christians in Namo are not as well established as other religious communities due to the suppression of Christianity under the Dan, Hao, and Liberationist regimes. Most Christian Namoites are practitioners of Namorese Christianity, a syncretic form of Christianity that blends Christian beliefs regarding God and Christ with Namorese traditions of ancestor worship and the use of Namorese as a liturgical language.
Capital District has a total GDP of 723 billion USD and a GDP per capita of 61,753.78 USD, making it the richest district in Namor by GDP per capita. However, Capital District scores poorly in income inequality with a Gini coefficient of 53.3 — higher than any other district.
In terms of the volume of circulating capital, Namo is the third largest financial center in Namor after Kinsan and Mojing. The Namo Stock Exchange (NSE) in Yinzo Road is one of the largest stock exchanges in Namor, with a market cap exceeded only by the Kinsan Stock Exchange and Mojing Stock Exchange.
The dialect of Namorese spoken in Namo is Sanbencho Namorese, a branch of Nan (Southern) Namorese prevalent in the Nozama River Delta. Because of Namo's status as the capital, Sanbencho Namorese is recognized as the standard Namorese dialect.
Since Namo opened up to the outside world in the 1950s, a dialect developed in Namo known by linguists as "Namoese" (Намойин tr. Namoyin). Namoese is mutually intelligible with Standard Namorese, except it incorporates vocabulary unapparent even in other Southern dialects. One characteristic of Namoese is the presence of French loanwords, a result of the French language's dominance in international trade. For examples, Namoites commonly refer to ferries that operate specifically in Namo as bato (бато), which is derived from the French bateau ("boat"). The expression C'est la vie ("Such is life"), which in French expresses acceptance of misfortune, has found its way in Namoese in the form of Selavei (Селавеи), a profanity that is said whenever one experiences misfortune. Metulo (Метуло), a corruption of the French métro (subway), was first used in Namo during the opening of the Capital District Metro. Nowadays, it is customary for Namoites to call any subway system metulo instead of the official term, satudo (Сатудо), which is included in the names of subway systems in other Namorese cities.
Namo is home to several major Namorese media outlets, including PTH, Monic Radio, The Liberator, The Commoner Mandate, and the Namorese Central News Agency. Because many of these outlets were or still are state-run, they are all based in the Xhiven neighborhood in District 14. As such, Xhiven has become a metonym for the Namorese media, particularly those with ties with the government.
Namo also has a vibrant local media industry. The Capital District Broadcasting Network (CDBN), a former state-owned corporation that was privatized in 1991, owns most radio and television stations in the city. Prominent stations owned by the CDBN include News Radio (90.1 FM), Music Radio 1 (95.1 FM), Music Radio 2 (96.3 FM), Sports Radio (98.5 FM), Traffic Radio (101.1 FM), Ethnic Radio (102.1 FM), and French Radio (103.5 FM). Capital District Television (CDT) is the district satellite TV station; despite its name, it has become one of the most viewed television stations in Namor as most of its programs are not exclusively focused on a local audience.
Namo has seen an increase in public and privately-owned museums since the city started to expand in the 1950s. The National Museum of Namor is the oldest museum in Namo and the largest in the country by the number of visitors and artifacts stored. Formerly called the Revolutionary Museum of Namor under Liberationist rule, the museum initially featured items from the Liberationist revolution, such as the manuscript writings of Antelope Yunglang and weapons used by the Namorese Liberation Army. But after the Green Fever, the museum started to display artifacts designated by the government as national treasures in order to protect them from damage or theft. In 1991, the Revolutionary Museum was renamed the National Museum to reflect the museum's emphasis on all of national history instead of just the Liberationist era. The original copies of the 1925 and 1955 editions of the Constitution of Namor, both national treasures, are on display in the National Museum.
Parts of the Imperial City have been converted to a museum that displays artifacts from the Dan and Hao dynasties.
The Namorese Democracy Museum was opened in 1995 on the 55th anniversary of the Green Fever. The largest private museum in Namo, the museum documents the human rights abuses that occurred during the Green Fever and Namor's subsequent democratization.
Namo serves as the headquarters of many Namorese sporting organizations such as the Namorese Football Federation, Namorese Masut League, Namorese Table Tennis Association and Namorese Baseball Association.
The Namorese Masut League (NML), the first professional sports organization in Namor, was founded by members of the Democratic Brotherhood in 1911. Following the monarchist coup of 1915, the League closed its headquarters in Namo and moved to Mojing, where it stayed until the end of the Unification War. After the Liberationist takeover, the NML split, with most members following the Republicans to Peitoa while a minority stayed in Namo to lead a rival league supported by the Liberationists. During the Green Fever, the mainland NML was disbanded and its Namo headquarters ransacked by the GYO. The NML's credentials and headquarters were restored in 1953.
Namo hosted more National Games than any other city. From 1933 to 1953, it hosted six National Games before the government decided to host the Games in a different city so that Namo may divert more resources to building its economy. Since 1953, Namo has hosted two National Games — one in 1977 and another in 2013. Vanho Arena, the largest multipurpose stadium in Namo, was built for the purpose of hosting athletics and football events.
Namo has the largest public school system of any Namorese city, with over 750 primary, intermediate, and secondary schools throughout Capital District.
The city also boasts a number of prestigious universities, including Namo University, Sodu University, Sanbencho University, and Anhai University. Namo University, which was established in 1913, is the second-oldest university in Namor after Jungjing University in Nozama City. Sodu University was established in 1927 under Liberationist rule as part of an effort to make higher education more accessible to Namorese. During the 1960s and 70s, Namo's university campuses were the site of pro-democracy protests; the Plum Blossom Revolution of 1965, which led to direct presidential elections in Namor, started with student-led protests in Namo. Namo's universities have thus become associated with the Namorese pro-democracy movement and student activism in general.
The Capital District Metro is the first and largest subway system in Namor. Opened in 1975 on the 50th anniversary of the People's Republic, the Metro initially consisted of one line running from Kinto Mountain to the Central Council Hall (presently known as Line 1). Later, the line's eastern terminus was extended to Yuya Station, and other lines were built for the convenience of residents across the city. In 2013, Namo mayor Vei Tucheng privatized the Metro, a controversial move that was lauded by some as necessary for maximizing the Metro's efficiency while criticized by others as an attempt to exploit everyday users of public transportation in the city.
The Metro has eight lines and over a hundred stations, 24 of which serve as intersection points between more than one line. The Central Council Hall Station, located near the Central Council Hall in District 1, is the busiest station in the Metro, serving as the intersection of three lines (1, 2, and 3). Namo Station in Jungchang is the largest train station in Capital District, connecting Lines 2 and 7 of the Metro with the Rishensen, Namor's national high-speed rail network.
The Namo Bay Tunnel, the longest tunnel in Namo, carries Line 8 trains that travel across Namo Bay.
The first airport in Namo was built in Rubai in the northwestern part of the city. Initially built as a base for the fledgling Imperial Namorese Air Force, it was transferred to civilian use after Namo came under Republic of Namor control in 1921. In 1951, the Rubai Airport was renamed "Namo Antelope Yunglang International Airport" in honor of the late Liberationist leader. Over time, the airport garnered controversy because of its location in the City of Namo, with many living next to the airport complaining about noise pollution which was attributed to air traffic. After the June 28 attacks, the government began to take proposals to move the airport to a new location more seriously, as there were concerns that terrorists may take advantage of the airport's proximity to downtown Namo. Some proponents of deliberationization were livid that the airport was named after Antelope Yunglang.
In 1994, the municipal government revealed plans to build a new airport on an artificial island off the coast of Linju, called Namo International Airport (NIA). In 1999, NIA opened to the public; consequently, Antelope Yunglang Airport was closed and most of its equipment was moved to the new airport. NIA has since succeeded the Antelope Yunglang Airport as the busiest airport in Namor. It serves as the hub of Air Namor, the flag carrier of Namor.
Streets and highways
Namo has a vast network of streets, some of which have become icons of the city. Waterfront Avenue (Джубин Даидо tr. Jubin Daido) is the longest road in Capital District that is not an expressway. Starting in District 20, it runs along Namo Bay and continues into Southern Namor before merging with National Expressway 51.
Yinzo Road, located in the District 10 financial center, is home to the Central Bank of Namor, the eastern headquarters of the Bank of Huimont, and the Namo Stock Exchange (NSE). It has thus become a metonym in Namor for the banking industry and financial markets. Liberation Avenue, which begins in Waterfront Avenue and runs along the eastern bank of the Anhai River before ending in District 1's Liberation Square, is known for being the site of decennial military parades and the annual Shintsun and Worker's Day parades.
Two national expressways pass through Capital District — National Expressway 51 and National Expressway 41. The section of NE-51 in Capital District, officially known as the Gelai Expressway, traverses the outskirts of Namo from the western terminus at East Namor to the eastern terminus in Southern Namor. NE-41, officially the Namo-Xiangzhou Expressway, splits from NE-51 a few kilometers before the latter enters Southern Namor.
Bridges and tunnels
There are multiple bridges and tunnels spanning Namo Bay, Anhai River, and Hongmu River. Millennium Bridge, the most iconic of Namo's bridges, begins in Linju and passes through Namo International Airport before stretching across Namo Bay and ending at District 18 on the western side of the bay. With a total length of 23.4 kilometers, it is the longest bridge in Capital District and one of the longest bridges over water in Namor. Prior to Millennium's Bridge's opening in 2001, all vehicles had to travel from one side of the bay to the other through Waterfront Avenue. The bridge helped relieve traffic in Waterfront Avenue and reduce travel time for drivers.
Other bridges in Capital District include Anhai Bridge between Districts 10 and 11, Ganji Bridge between Districts 1 and 2, and the Daiji Sang Memorial Bridge which crosses the Anhai River in Jungchang.
There are three undersea tunnels in Capital District — Namo Bay Tunnel, which only carries trains from the Capital District Metro, the Anhai River Tunnel between Districts 5 and 6, and the Hongmu River Tunnel which carries NE-51 between Capital District and Southern Namor.
Namo has two ferry networks: internal ferries, which carry passengers from one part of Capital District to another, and external ferries that travel between Capital District and other ports in the Nozama River Delta. All internal ferries are owned by the Namo Ferry Service, a former public transportation company that was privatized in 2013, while external ferries are managed by multiple companies. Namo Harbor, located in the mouth of the Anhai River, is the main hub of the Namo Ferry Service.
Internal ferry routes include the Linju Ferry which links Namo Harbor with mainland Linju, the Anhai River Ferry which runs between Namo Harbor and Jungchang, and the Airport Ferry which carries passengers to Namo International Airport. External ferries carry passengers to Kui, Muden, and Kinsan.
As a first-level administrative division of Namor, Capital District has its own district government headed by a premier. The structure of Capital District's government is outlined in the Constitution of Capital District. The government of Capital District and the local governments of Namo, Jungchang, and Linju were formerly separate, with different persons holding the positions of Premier of Capital District and Mayor of Namo. In 1995, Capital District streamlined the district government, merging the legislatures of Namo, Jungchang, and Linju and designating the mayor of Namo as the ex officio premier of Capital District. Jungchang and Linju, being separate from the City of Namo, are still run by their own mayors, although the mayors had most of their powers taken away in the 1995 reforms and nowadays serve as advisors to the mayor of Namo.
The Mayor of Namo and the 44-member District Council are elected every five years and may serve no more than two terms.
Most Namoites identify as economically and socially liberal. During the Second Party System, the Democratic Socialist Party enjoyed a huge following in Namo, with the party winning a majority of votes in Capital District in every presidential election from 1980 to 2000. In 2005, the center-rightist New Democrats won a supermajority of votes in Capital District, marking an end to Democratic Socialist dominance in the city's politics. Since then, the New Democrats have won every national and local election in Capital District, making Namo a part of the Yellow Belt — a geographical region that constantly votes New Democratic.
Like other Namorese cities, Namo has a fraternal cities program — the Namorese equivalent of sister cities. Fraternal cities of Namo are cities outside of Namor that have signed agreements to strengthen cultural and economic cooperation with Namo. The fraternal city program was once open only to cities in countries that had close relations with Namor; however, this changed in 1988 when Namo signed a fraternal city agreement with Bethlehem, the Luziycan capital, even though Namor and Luziyca had yet to reestablish diplomatic ties. Since then, Namo has signed agreements with cities across Esquarium, and the fraternal city program has started a national discussion on the potential role city diplomacy can play in Namor's relations with other states.