|This article is incomplete because it is pending further input from participants, or it is a work-in-progress by one author.|
Please comment on this article's talk page to share your input, comments and questions.
Note: To contribute to this article, you may need to seek help from the author(s) of this page.
|Tribal Republic of Moku'aina
Repubalika'o Ke Aupuni Moku'aina
|Motto: "Moana Aloha'aina Leilani"
"The Ocean and the Flower"
"Towards the Ocean"
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Other tribal languages|
|Ethnic groups||96% Polynesian
3% Foreign people1% Other
|Government||Constitutional Monarchial Parliamentary Republic|
|-||Upper house||Laulima (Cooperative Council)|
|-||Lower house||Kumu (Senate)|
|Foundation of Moku'aina|
|-||First tribal empires||881 (960 BC)|
|-||Colonization Attempts||1698 (1777 AD)|
|-||First Kingdom of Moku'aina||23nd Kalima 1699 (23nd May 1778)|
|-||Adoption of current constitution||4th Kasa 1744 (4th January 1823 AD)|
103,483 sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2018 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
|Time zone||EVT (UTC+2)|
|Drives on the||right|
Moku'aina (ມະຫາສະຫມຸດ, Moku'aina), officially the Tribal Republic of Moku'aina (ສາທາລະນະລັດແລະອານາຈັກ, Repubalika'o Ke Aupuni Moku'aina), commonly known as simply Moana, is a sovereign republic with a constitutional monarchy composed of roughly 8 tribes or tribal houses, a federal district, five major territories, and various other governed areas. At 268,021 square kilometres, the Tribal Republic governs a cluster of islands in the Pacific Ocean. With a population of over 53 million people, the T.R. is one of the most populated countries on Versutia. The capital is Moana, hence its popular nickname, and the largest city by population is Moana too. Six tribal families or tribes and the capital's federal district are loctaed on the central island massive of Lokelai and its various volcanic or coralic island archipelagios in the Pacific Ocean. The T.R. major territories and goverend areas stretch mainly and are scattered above and about the Pacific Ocean, touching one specified time zone. The extremely diverse geography, culture, climate, and wildlife of the Tribal Republic make it one of the world's megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Laramidia to the Lokelaian mainland at least 14,000 years ago. Abernese colonization attempts began in the 18th century. The Tribal Republic emerged from various kingdoms and smaller houses of other tribal cultures established primarily along the Northern and Midcentral Coast. Numerous failed attempts of the Abernese Empire to colonize the island archipelagio in 1784 led to the Great Defense, which began in 1799, and the subsequent Declaration of Sovereignity in 1800. The war ended only a few months later, in Summer of 1801 with the Tribal Republic of Moku'aina declaring its establishment, succesfully defending the archipelagio. The current constitution was however adopted in May of 1907, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of the Shell, being ratified by the Laulima in 1908 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties and rights. The Tribal Republic embarked on a vigorous expansion across the Pacific Ocean throughout the 19th century, acquiring new technologies and knowledge, integrating other tribal political bodies and or states, until it spanned the Southern Pacific Ocean in 1823. During the second half of the 19th century, various new inventions and a mass-satisfaction of then population led to the culture of the nation flourish, often described a a rebirth. The government followed the principles of democracy and prosperity, leading to the cration of many new individual freedoms and rights in a yet unpresidented rate. By the end of the century, the Tribal Republic had extended into the living standard of Laramidian nations, and its economy, driven in large part by naval craft manufacturing and other ancient industrial branches, began to soar. The Poseida War and the Carelnesian Conflict confirmed the country's status as a regional political and military power. The Tribal Republic emerged from the Pacific War as an international and global superpower, the first country to fully abolish torture in the southeastern areas, the first to use advanced polynesian boats in external warfare, and a permament member of international affairs. During the 20th century, the Tribal Republic rose into wealth and stability following new thought models and ideals finding huge support in the population. The begin of such said era with the Great Flower Reform in 1976 left the Tribal Republic as a new-born peaceful nation, declaring its increasing military neutrality as a prevention for any foreign invasive action, rooting from the trauma witnessed in the Great Defense. Nonethless, it still flourishes today in terms of living standards and political freedom.
The Tribal Republic of Moku'aina is a founding member of the South Eastern Association, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and other international organizations. The Tribal Republic is a highly developed country, with one of the world's well-off economies by nominal GDP and PPP. The T.R. economy is post-, aswell as pre-industrial, characterized by the dominace of services, maufacturing, both modern and traditional and knowledge-based activities. The Tribal Republic ranks among the highest nations in several measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, and productivity per person. The T.R. is the foremost military power in Eastern Versutia, making up half of regional military spending, and is a leading cultural, political and scientific force.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography, climate, and environment
- 3 Government and Politics
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Culture
See also: Naming of Moku'aina, Names for Tribal Republic citizens, and Moku'ainan (word)
In 1772, the Polynesian cartographer Pivu Tarewi produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Eastern Hemisphere Luicada, as he understood the Abernese language, describing the nature and wildlife of the archipelagio. The first documentary evidence of the phrase "Tribal Republic of Moku'aina" is from a letter dated January 2, 1798, written by Alde Moalan, Esq.; La'akea Ta'motunui's aide-de-camp and and Muster-Master General of the Great Defensive Navy. Addressed to Lt. Col. Vosei Ranupo, La'akea, dictating the content of the letter, expressed her wish to carry the "full and ample powers of the Tribal Republic of Moku'aina" to foreign nations to assist in the defensive war effort. The first known publication of the phrase "Tribal Republic of Moku'aina" was in an anonymous essay in The Amo'pua Arrow newspaper in Papeete, Amo'pua, on April 6, 1789.
The short form "Tribal Republic" is also standard. Other common forms are the "T.R", the "T.R.M.A.", and "Moku'aina". Colloquial names are the "T.R. of M.A." and, internationally, the Tribes". "Moana", a name popular in poetry and songs of the late 19th century up to today, is also very common to use.
A citizen of the Tribal Republic is a "Moku'ainan". "Tribal Republic", "Moku'ainan", and "T.R." refer to the country adjectivally ("Moku'ainan values", "T.R. forces"). In English, the word "Moku'ainan" rarely refers to topics or subjects not directly connected with the Tribal Republic.
Geography, climate, and environment
See also: Geography of Moku'aina
|Geography of Moku'aina|
Moku'aina is an archipelagio composed of about 1,403 islands with a total area, including inland bodies of water, of 270,000 square kilometers. The 26,289 kilometers of coastline makes it the country with one of the longest coastlines in the world. It is located between 110° 40', and 136° 30' E longitude and 10° 20' S and 13° 90' N latitude and is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Helokai Sea to the west, the Lolekai Sea to the south, and the Tanevu Sea to the north. The island cluster of Central Courelli is located a thousand kilometers directly south and the island cluster of Bainius northwest. The Helokai Sea divides Moku'aina from the larger continent of Te Oalai in the east.
Most of the mountainous islands are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin, an exception however found in the upper north coastline of the main island of Lolekai and Hawai'i, with smaller hills and vast grasslands. The highest mountain is Mount Apuo. It measures up to 4,956 meters above sea level and is located on the island of Lolekai. The Poa'ke Depth in the Pacific Trench is the deepest point in the country and the third deepest in the world. The trench is located in the Lolekai Sea.
The longest river is the Aoapua'a River in northern Lolekai. Moane'ta Bay, upon the shore of which the capital city of Moana lies, is connected to the Poly'ea Sea, the largest lake on Moku'aina, by the Sina River. The Venemoala Bay, the Tepoi'a Gulf, and the Maui Bay are other important bays. The Moane'ta Strait separates the islands of Oahu and Lolekai but it is traversed by the Goddess' Path Bridge.
Situated on the ceased weastern fringes of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Moku'aina experiences some smaller volcanic activity and earthquakes, although very decreased in recent history. The Te'Kai Plate to the east in the Pacific Ocean is an undersea region formerly active in tectonic subduction. Around 0,2 earthquakes are registered daily, though many are too weak to be felt. The last major earthquake was the 1981 Te'Kai Earthquake.
There are a few active volcanoes such as the Lakilea Volcano, Mount Apoa'teve, and Vohena Volcano. The eruption of Mount Apa'teve in June 1981 produced the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century. Not all notable geographic features are so violent or destructive. A more serene legacy of the geological disturbances is the Palila Vahine Subterranean River, the area represents a habitat for biodiversity conservation, the site also contains a full mountain-to-the-sea ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in the Pacific.
Due to the volcanic nature of the islands, mineral deposits are abundant. The country is estimated to have the second-largest gold deposits after Leone and one of the largest copper deposits in the world. It is also rich in nickel, chromite, and zinc. Despite this, cultural behaviors, high population density, and environmental consciousness have resulted in these mineral resources remaining largely untapped. Geothermal energy is a product of volcanic activity that Moku'aina has harnessed successfully. The nation is the world's biggest geothermal producer, with almost the entirety of the country's electricity needs being met by geothermal power.
According to the Environmental and Ecological Research Institute, Moku'aina can be divided into four ecoregions: Te'Fitipa rainforest, Moku'ainan oceanic reefs and shores, Alpine conifer, and mixed Alapan forests and grasslands. Te'Fitipa rainforest, otherwise known as wet equatorial forest covers the majority of the country and particularly the inner laying slightly mountainuous valleys and plateaus. The Alapan gforests and grasslands stretch in the shadow of the Lokulaian muntain ranges on the northern shore of the main island, whilst it is covered in lush deciduous forests and wide grassland biomes.The Alpine conifers are usually centred around high elevated areas, majorily central mountain ranges and cooler climactic areas. The alpine biomes are centred on the main island mountain regions. The Moku'ainan oceanic reefs and shores exclusively center at the wet and hot coastlines of the island archipelagio, they host many forms of nautical life and many lusher rainforests and palms at their beaches.
Moku'aina also has a considerably diverse range of fauna of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles and amphibians. Perhaps the most notable animals of Moku'aina are the skate and the tortuga turtle which are common among most reefs and beaches. Of particular note is the Florwolf which despite being not indigenous in most other Versutian nations, retains the only sizeable population within Moku'aina. The country is also particularly notable for its rainforest wildlife which include a variety of unique flowers, birds, and apes. The country's many rivers and waters are notable for their large fish, amphibian and reptile populations. The country's national animals, the Midrasian waver turtle and blueskate, subclasses of the skate and the tortuga turtle are also common in many harbors and beaches in the south and central area of the country.
Despite its growin population and area consumption, Moku'aina biodiversity is not threatened by ecological fragmentation, as wildlife within the south due to urbanisation and pollution is able to be recovered in yet untouched areas, where they are preserved. Furthermore, developments within protection of animals in coastal regions have led to significant prevention of extinctions, greatly positively impacting coastal wildlife. Since the establishing of the government around 200 years ago, an eye on ecological footprints and co-existing with nature have been made, one of the first of its kind in Versutia. Since then, environmential problems have been faced with changing the society, as with abolishing the oil industry and renewing them with alternative energy sources, such as geothermal power. This traditional focus on environmental issues has also been the development of a number of nature reserves and national parks across centuries on Moku'aina. In total there are 56 national parks across Moku'aina along with another 104 protected ecological sites.
The vast majority of inhabited Moku'aina lies within the oceanic climate zones, however, large portions of the south, particularly islands within the Lokulai Sea, lie within the Ame'pe climactic zone. Much of southern Moku'aina is regarded as Af or Am in the Köppen climate classification. By contrast, much of the northern region is regarded as Cfa or Csb. Furthermore, the northerly and southernly stretched mountainous regions are regarded as having an alpine climate. In terms of temperature, there is once again considerable variation between the north and south. The south generally has an average summer temperature of around 30° (86°F), whereas winters reach around 19°C (66°F) in January. Northern Moku'aina generally has an average summer temperature of around 16°C (62°F), with July being the hottest month; whereas winters generally see average temperatures of around 8°C (44°F) with the coldest month on average being February. The sea surface temperature on the southern coast varies throughout the year at around 26–29 °C (79–84 °F) in the summer and 24–26 °C (72–79 °F) in winter. Annual average rainfall usually varies between 700 and 900mm across the country. Despite the north-south climactic difference, precipitation levels generally remain comparable, with only the most northernly region of Alapa receiving considerably less rainfall during the summer.
Snowfalls only occur regularly in the winter in the interior Centre of the country, particularly in regions such as the Te'panea mountain range. The mountainous regions of Ta'motunui and Lonipalea generally receive the highest average snowfall across the year. The average number of days of snowfall each year is 15, whilst the country generally sees around 16 days with temperatures at or below freezing in some areas. Lowest temperatures can sometimes reach around −18°C (-0.4°F), however, temperatures as low as −40°C (-40°F) have been recorded on the Ta'panea Station, in Lonipalea.
The southern and central (equatorial) regions of Moku'aina generally receive around 2500-3000 hours of sunshine every year, whilst the northern regions generally average around 1400-1800 hours.
The overseas territory of the Toamatulo archipelagio is regarded to having a rainforest and equatorial climate, with temperatures ranging from 28° to 33° (82°-87° F).
|Record high °C (°F)|| 29.1
|Average high °C (°F)|| 23.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)|| 23.6
|Average low °C (°F)|| 20.3
|Record low °C (°F)|| 15.2
|Precipitation mm (inches)|| 76.1
|Source: Moku'ainan National Agency of Meteorology|
Government and Politics
The Tribal Republic of Moku'aina is a representative democracy with a constitutional monarchy. The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the Grand Constitution of the Shell, simply said the T.R. Constitution, which serves as one of the country's supreme legal documents. For 2016, the T.R. was ranked both in the Democracy Index and the Corruption Preceptions Index with high numbers although its monarchistic design.
In the Moku'ainan federalist system, citizens are usually subject to three main levels of government: high tribal, houses, and tribal. The tribal government's duties are commonly the administration of any events or internal affairs inside a tribal state or territory. The house government ensures the observation and infrastructurial and economical administration inside the covenant of tribal territories. They serve as the monarchial representative in each state respectively. In allmost all cases, executive and legislative officials of the tribal level are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district. The houses are subject to birth right and heritage. There is no proportional representation at the federal level, and it is rare at lower levels.
The federal government is composed of three branches:
- Legislative: The bicameral Assembly, made up of the Cooperative Council (Laulima) and the Senate Chamber (Kumu), makes federal law, declares a state of war, approves treaties and proposals, has the power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove lower sitting members of the government.
- Executive: The Monarch (Kahu'koalihi) is the commander-in-chief of the government and of the military, with the First Warrior (Kahu'kumu) serving as advisor. The Kahu'koalihi can veto legislative bills before they become law, and appoints the members of the Cabinet and other offices, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies.She has the ability to dissolve the current Laulima and to appoint high tribal judges after will.
- Judicial: The High Tribal Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the Kahu'koalihi with Senate approval, interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional.
The Cooperative Council has 16 voting members, two of each representing an assemblorative district for a two-year term. House seats are appointed among the tribal territories by number; population does not count as enlarging one's house seat number.
The Senate Chamber has 20 members with each state having a single senator, elected at-large to six-year terms; one-third of Senate seats are up for election every other year. The Moku'ainan population minorities without a political entity each also have on senator. The Kahu'koalihi serves a life-span term and may be superseded in its lifespan if she is unable to execute the office, or if her heir to the throne reaches the age of 29. If so, the heir will be crowned as Monarch. The Kahu'kolihi can only be exclusively female in person.
The tribal governments governments are structured in roughly the same fashion. The House Leader of each tribe is directly given the birth right. Some tribal judges and cabinet officers are appointed by the House Leaders of the respective tribes, while others are elected by popular vote.
The original text of the Grand Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual tribes and tribal territories. Article One protects the right of the so called Hawaea. The Constitution has been amended 27 times; the first ten amendments, which make up the Bill of the Wave, and the Fourtheenth Amendment form the central basis of Moku'ainan individual rights. All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided. The principle of judicial review, not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution, was established by the High Court in a decision handed down by Kahu'koalihi La'akea Ta'motunui in 1804.
Moku'aina uses a civil law system, arising primarily from written statutes, wherein the job of judges to simple interpret the law rather than make it. Much of the Moku'ainan legal code can be traced back to the earliest days of the Tribal Republic and even further to the earliest structures of judicial systems in tribal kingdoms and other plitical bodies. Basic principles, such as the rule of law are well-established precedents in Moku'aina, first codified within Parliamentary statutes following the establishing of the government in 1800. Whilst still has an official religion in the Heiautolai, the constitution of 1793 explicitly forbids the use of religious motivations in establishing legislation.
The Moku'ainan High Tribal Court acts as the highest court in the land, holding original jurisdiction over a minority of cases involving political or governmential figures. The court also holds appellate jurisdiction over high profile and controversial cases within the Court of Appeals. The court also rules the constitutionality of leigslation passed by both the Kumu and Laulima. The Court hosts nine members who are appointed by the Kahu'koalihi and have the security of tenure, except in case of impeachment by the judiciary upon evidence of misdemeanours.
Law enforcement in Moku'aina is centralised at the national level which has been the case since 1932. The national police force is usually divided between active and intelligence based agencies. Active-duty agencies include Moku'ainan Police Service (Huvete'e Moku'aina) which is comprised of patrol and investigative units and the Kahel'mu which is compromised of armed police, riot patrol, coastal border patrol, motorway and highway policing and national investigations. They also operate anti-terror investigations, command razzias, and are able to posess law enforcement authority, if the legislation accepts.
Further government departments such as the Bureau of Investigation (Boreo Itlolokaie) and the National Intelligence Service (Hu'i Itlolokaieu Opa) which provide investigative and intelligence gathering servies on behalf of the Moku'ainan government. However, only the Bureau of Investigation has law enforcement authority as part of the Civil Service under the service and office of the Kahu'koalihi. The Moku'ainan Coast Guard covers matters of search and rescue, customs enforcement and is also responsible for the maintenance of seamarks in and around the national's territorial waters. Whilst nominally an independent organisation, the Coast Guard does have direct links with other law enforcement and military organisations such as the Police Force and the Navy.
Political and administrative divisions
The Tribal Republic is a federal administrated monarchial system of 8 tribal territories, making up the principle structuring of the nation. Those tribal territories are devided into smaller administrative blokcs, so called Ta'hek. They are givenin size dependenat on the local population. Those are devided into local areas, serving for agricultural and cultural purposes, the Ha'vek. Thin or not populated areas are administreated by the government of Moku'aina, especially the Laulima, such as mountain ranges or uninhabited islands. As of the implementation of the 1802 Statute of Autonomies, Moku'aina is comprised of eight autonomous regions and two autonomous cities. Each region is largely autonomous in terms of internal management and organisation, however, is reliant upon the central government for funding and resource allocation. Each region is relatively comparable in population but not by size, between the smaller Toamatulo Archpelagio and the larger regions such as Alapa. As such, regional budgets are allocated based on population data, rather than equal distribution. Each state is governed by a regional royal tribal house and an elected parliament, chosen via a Mixed member proportional system. The results of parliament elections do not dictate the house's leader, this is chosen by birthright. They do however elect a representative, serving in the Laulima or the Kumu. Each region is further divided into electoral districts, of which there are over 300 throughout Moku'aina. Each of these districts represent one seat within the Parliament. Since 1995, Moku'aina does not cotain one devolved administrations anymore, in a change to unify the nation after protests occuring in Lana nd Kaiamela one year prior.
Thin or not populated areas within land masses governed in the typical way, are directly administrated by the Laulima, and are given one appointed repreentative, although he or she is not given voting rights, but is able to state their position, and participate in discussions.
Citizenship is granted at birth in all tribal states, electorial districts, and overseas territories.
Main article: Foreign relations of Moku'aina
Midrasia has relations with 23 other nations, almost all other countries on Versutia. Moku'aina is regarded as a sizeable power and is an active and influental figure on the international stage. As a founding member of teh Eastern Sea Economic and Defensive Alliance or ESEADA for short, Moku'aina can be seen to play a key role in international affairs.
In terms of international affairs, Moku'aina has been a key voice for the elimination of trade barriers between democratic states and further integration of countries in Versutia, especially in regard of scientific cooperation. Moku'aina has a sizebale amount of seats in the ESEADA Parliament based in the city of Kjerrin in Bunnesia, making it one of the more influental member nations. Currently diplomatic negotiations on the establisihing of a supranational worldwide government and or alliance in Moana are taking place. Moku'ainan Kewu Oapahe previously held the office of the Supreme Allied Commander of Te Oalai within the organisation. Furthermore, Moku'aina has played a mjor role in integrating several isolationist nations into the international community, as for the insular nation of Verlzohnia. Within his acclaimed bock Diplomacy and Bombs: The History of Versutia unfold, political commentator Kai Vakkaka referred to Moku'aina as the "Moral compass and glue with which the region is held together."Moku'aina also has notable ties across Te Oalai with the Grand Navy engaged in training exercices with Chiiinnna in the Pacific Ocean and also holding key historical, cultural, and linguistic ties with sovereign nation all over the continent and across the globe.
Largest cities or towns in Moku'aina
Moku'ainan culture is one of the most, if not the most influental culture in the Pacific cultural area, with many nations taking cultural and artistic cues from the country. This strong cultural identity has effectively allowed the country to become a huge centre of cultural life within Versutia, with Moku'ainan, or often referred to as "Pacific" or "Polynesian", culture being very highly regarded across the world and Moana being a key centre for artistic and cultural life. The influence of Moku'ainan culture is particularily notable in other Pacific nations, most exclusively its neighbouring countries such as Leone, Chiiinnna, and Bainius within which heavy Moku'ainan influence can be seen. As of now, there are 61 properties claimed as World Heritage Sites, with ten more currently observers to this status.
Moku'aina is one of the most visited nations on Versutia, welcoming an average of 24 million people annually. The plethora of cultural and historic sites in Moku'aina, such as its large number of museums, art galleries, and heritage centers, aswell as a center of natural landmarks see large numbers of tourists visit the country for city breaks and landscape expeditions; whilst high temperatures, an active night-life and very well-maintained beaches see a large number of tourists flock to the southern beaches for beach-side holidays. Despite high levels of tourism, the majority is limited to the southern and central, more populated regions of the country.
Moku'ainan visual art can be seen to have gone through a number of distinct phases throughout its history. Early Moku'ainan artistic movements can usually be traced back to the late Merenguave Empire, who brought with them several artistic influences. Most Merenguave art consisted primarily of mosaics and self-replicating patterns. Such works were usually created through the direct patronage of artists by notable events, people, or traditional legends. A number of early artworks can still be seen in a select number of art galleries in Moana or the Merenguave quarter of Lanakila, which was known in the empire as Lanakila'aneve. Similarly, medieval Moku'ainan art mostly consists of patronage-based works, however, the influence of the Heiautolai church is much more notable. The vast majority of art created within this period is religious in origin, with most images picturing notable sacred, gods and goddesses or shellar events. Other notable paintings feature images of political figures, such as the former royal family or of great battles; usually created by court painters on behalf of the aristocracy. Experimentation is almost entirely absent in early Moku'ainan art, with the most images retaining similar colour schemes and imagery. Much of this is the result of a limited cultural base within the country, as painters within the period were either Priests or courtiers.
By the mid-Fifteenth Century, Moku'ainan artists can be seen to have moved away from the styles of their traditional predecessors to embrace more realistic imagery, with a greater use of accurate lighting, anatomy and perspective. The shift within the Midrasian artistic tradition can be seen to link with the wider cultural renaissance taking place within Te'Oalai at the time. Similarly, art depicting great battles or leaders was also commonplace throughout the period. Particularly notable is the work of Midrasian painter Moatewe Ai Pek whose work, on behalf of the Lana family, was renowned for its size. Pek's paintings, the majority of which are on display in the Moku'ainan assembly complex regularly covered entire walls, and featured religious depictions of political figures and sacred people such as the Moku'ainan kings and chiefs at that time. Despite this, the earliest renaissance art remained patronage-based, with most images continuing to depict shellar or mythical events of classical antiquity.
Despite this, as the period progressed and Moku'aina came into contact with an increasing number of cultures across the globe, Midrasian art became exposed to an increasing number of influences. In particular, Abernese and Briton art in the form of paints, metalwork and porcelain became increasingly popular in Moku'aina. In response, Midrasian art began to move away from its traditional patronage based form of production to a more market-oriented approach, or 'art for art's sake'. Great degrees of experimentation in Moku'ainan art throughout the seventeenth century led to the birth of movements such as Romanticism, Realism and Impressionism. The great number of Moku'ainan painters throughout the period would allow the country, and particularly the city of Moana to become a hub for cultural and artistic movements. Dozens of artists from across Moku'aina would flock to the city to display their work or engage with the local culture, defining the city as a true capital of cosmopolitanism. As the Abernese Empire then suddenly tried to invade the archpelagio in 1777, Abernese and Briton art in general became forbidden, due to being seen as patriotic and propaganda tools of the invading nations. Nonethless, influences remained deeply tied to Moku'ainan art, that it was nenver able to be fully erased. Thuis new gap in artstyles was filled in a second Renaissanceof tradtional artwork, such as needlework, knoting, replicating patterns and other, now uniquely mixed with foreign art. Moana would see its first public art gallery open in 1815 and the city would go on to host a world-famous art festival each year, beginning in 1868.
The twentieth century can be seen to have heralded the beginning of the modernist movement in Moku'ainan art, with the rise of art forms such as cubism, surrealism and other avant-garde styles. Initial reception of such styles was far from positive. Although works such as Kai Mokule's Hewa Kei were immediately popular, other more abstract works were denounced as 'degenerate art'. Art critics at the 1901 Moana art festival were appalled with many of the more abstract works of art. Such styles would not gain mainstream acceptance until the early 1920s. And even then, more influences from traditional art transformed modern pieces to a very unique texture of both old and new.
Main article: Moku'ainan music
Moku'ainan classical music includes works by some of the world's most well-known composers. Kawanaka Kaliuma composed many pieces for indigenous instruments such as volcals or the flute, aswell as the drum, which influenced the later work of Aiona Lea and Lani Nakoa; these men were influential composers of the Moku'ainan Renaissance period. During his tenure as musician and teacher at the Kenhuala cathedral, Papeete-born composer Ahi'eme Vefe mentored one of the most noted musicians of all time: Lima Vefe. His works did go down in history as representative music of all Moku'ainan culture. He renovated the typical Hula dance performance with their added volcals into a new modern form, while preserving its traditional tone and motives, integrating and returning dances and choral songs back. Vaniri Taome was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras. Moana Fetitoa and Kai Oalalaei were important in the early Romantic period. Endik'i Lahu composed in the Romantic idiom. Kaie Lahu'ia was known for his dance motives and chorals. Maui Na was a leading composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. Kevu Wilele and Oah'e Tongoni are important composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries, still performing open-air concerts and festivals.
Today, Moku'ainan music is usually still played with elder instruments, such as the drums, the flute, the okolele, and voices. The Hula dance represent a major role in musical affairs, thanks to Lima Vefe. Although they are majorily religious in nature, and are danced during prayers or celebrations, they have established themselfs as typical for Moku'aina. The rythmic of the songs can not be misheard, and are quite simple in general, while the vocal songs varii drastically from sentence to sentence in velocity or tone. The dance itself is also modified, depening on celebration, weather, emotional consistency, or just for fun. Less clothing is very common, due to the high temperatures and possible hindering during the dance, that most people tend to use beach clothing. Traditionally, knoted grass skirts and decorations of flowers or other plants on the head are being used, sometimes the face is painted at some areas with colour to resemble religious meaning.
Moku'aina is the second largest music market in the Pacific, and ninth largest in the world. Moku'ainan popular music of the 20th and 21st centuries includes the movements of the new polynesian wave, pop, heavy metal/rock, punk, pop rock, chiiinnne pop and traditional pieces. German traditional music, exclusively Hula and other celebrational dances and or music gained global influence, with Flutea and Water's Scream pioneering in this genre. DJs and artists of the techno and house music scenes of Moku'aina have become well known, with transforming elder music by adding electric sounds or new lyrics.
Literature and philosophy
Main articles: Moku'ainan litrerature and Moku'ainan philosophy
Moku'ainan literautre can be traced back to the Middle Ages and the work of writers such as Alaipo Kahue and Huluali'i Lea. Well-known Moku'ainan authors include Kale Alana, Paulo Lala, Iokuna Natua, and Ha'upu Kalima. The collections of folk tales by the Brothers Palakilo popularised Moku'ainan folklore on an international level. The Palakilos also codified and gathered regional variants of the Polynesian language, grounding their work in historical principles; their Ama'vea Polynesiae, or Polynesian Word, sometimes called the Palakilo Word, was begun in 1838 and the first volumes published in 1858.
Influential authors of the 20th century include Ho'olaue Laemoa, Mapuana Kana, Akumu Opunui, Kai Ili, and Atoni Nave. The Moku'ainan book market is the fifth largest in the world, after nations like Ustiomeria and Valturus. The Ka'ahola Book Fair is one of the most important in the world for international deals and trading, with a tradition spanning over 400 years. The Viholai Book Fair also retains a major role in the Pacific.
Moku'ainan philosophy is historically significant: Kulani Lalei's contribution to rationalism, by which the acting of someone is always rooted in the natural cause of thought and rationality, especially in regard to the relation between religion and politics; the enlightement philosophy by Pulanei Nanawi, in which liberal ideas such as a democratic system and a free educational chance are given context, it referrs around the question of how people think, and how they should think independently; the establishment of classical Moku'ainan idealism by Kai Akina, Noa Sasilvia and Tapula Uli, in which the ideals of a culture like Moku'ainan posseses are reflected; Olina Mano's composition of metaphysical pessimism, where the negative thought is seen as some ultranatural force, in which the universe is fought around between the thoughts of good and wrong; the formulation of democratic monarchistic theory by Kawai Londeree and Hanoa Hau; on which the T.R. constitution builds around very tightly; Nikolo Vaneva's development of perspectivism, on the question, what defines a wrongdoing and when it does not; Iukekini Hina's contributions to the dawn of analytic philosophy, founding scientific philosophical thought, such as morale, grounding questions, and other; Leiahola Kani's works on Being, by what is a being, and when something is a being and when not; Teke Ka'ana's historical philosophy, exploring past events and reconstructing thught of leaders and key people; and works on an utopian society by Mo'o Vef, , on which the basic needs for humans are justified enough to be sustained or not, and how a perfect society could be run; and the works of Lihilia Maorie on the need of purpose and existence, as to what defines a human, and why it exists, have all been particularily influential.
Moku'ainan cuisine varies wildly across the country, especially between the coastal, metropolitan south and the more rural north. This has been the case for centuries, with the cuisines of the more northernly regions having more in common with neighbouring nations such as Bainius and Central Courelli or even indigenous cultures on the other side of the ocean, than the Moku'ainan south, with has a more stereotypical Pacific diet of mostly plants and seafood common in nations such as Leone and Chiiinnna, although this evolved in a unique type of food in the last decades, due to westernization in both nations, excluding Moku'aina. Moku'ainan cuisine is usually traced back to the Middle Ages, with court recipes from the thirteenth century illustrating a comparative shift in Moku'ainan diets compared with other Pacifican nations.
In terms of the northern regions, dishes usually emphasise the use of dairy products, beef and poultry which are synonymous with the large farming communities present within this region. Northern cuisine is notable for its broths, stews and soupswhich are seen as better suited to the milder mountainous climate in regions of Alapa. Such dishes usually involve high levels of preparation and their notable use of vegetables, flavourings such as rosemarine and thym, and sometimes seafood catched along the stoney northern shore too. Dairy foods within the North include dishes such as Kwei'e (a variation of Quiche) and Mangocake. Low Moku'ainan cuisine is viewed by many to be one of the most finest and exotic in the world and is notable for its use of seafood and vegetables. Whilst usually not as spicy as cuisines in neighbouring countries such as Chiiinnna, such foods are renowned for their richness in flavour, whilst incorporating aspects of high Moku'ainan foodstuffs. Low Moku'ainan cuisine are usually more reliant on ingredients such as potatoes, tomatoes, and spinach however they became more prominent in Moku'ainan society as the Moku'ainan culture gained its popularity. Across Versutia, Moku'ainan culture is most notable for its fruity sweets, delicious fish, and creamy pastas such as Fefe Avoa (Moku'ainan version of fettuccine alfedo) which comes from the southern parts of Ta'motunui; and breakfast dishes such as baked papaya cakes which are usually served with jams, coffee, or juice.
Despite the apparent regional differences within Moku'ainan cuisine, wine and juices are seen as integral to most Moku'ainan dishes, regardless of their regional origin. Moku'aina's wine and juice industry, which is one of the largest in Versutia, is renowned for its high quality, taste and uniqueness. Exports of Moku'ainan wine and juice, most of which are grown in regions of Ta'motunui and Kaiamela, make up a significant portion of the country's GDP. Similarly, Moku'ainan fruits are also renowned overseas for their high quality. However, in Moku'ainan cuisine such fruits like papayas, mangos, ananas, and bananas are usually only served as appetisers or side dishes with wine and juice for social occasions.
Moku'aina has a rich sport tradition. Moku'ainan water sports evolved out of traditional sailing and fishing, being a core part of insular life for centuries, becoming very popular in the country in the late-eighteenth century. Following the official ratification of the rules of boat racing and other aquatic sports, the Moku'ainan national team was formed in 1905, plaing its first game against Chiiinnnese sportsmen very soon after. The Moku'ainan national team has enjoyed a high level of success across international tournaments, winning hre International Aqua Cup a total of five times. Moku'ainan domestic teams have also had high levels of success, with Olimpek a Moane and AC Volhene being among the most successful and prestigeous domestic teams on Versutia. Moku'aina also hosts the annual Cup Aquape, the single largest and oldest international water sports tournament on the world, beginning in the 1850s.
Due to its history and geography, water sports, especially in regard of sailing, have remained the only sizable sport activity within the country, with only smaller percentages regarding other sports such as footbal, basketball, tennis, or motorsports. Due to the naval mobilization of the youth in wars against Te Oalaian nations in the founding days of the nation, sailing has been put in as an integral part of youth hobbies and thought, which made the holding of aquatic sports possible in the first place. Today, sailing races, swimming cups, and underwater games make up the biggest part in public sports television, sports club in this sector make up ninety percent of national registered sports associations, and even the Kahu'koalihi is regarded as an expertise-sailor, highly regarded as sacred among religious affairs. However, some sport activites remained unique and only really used in Moku'ainan, such as ball games underwater, with people practicing this sport having the best breath and oxygen capacity in the world. Other studies indicate, that sailing is one of the key points as why the population of Moku'aina remained that healthy in average.