Meddli

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Meddli
Meddli City
City
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Meddli Metropolis
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Flag
Nickname(s): "The City of Dreaming Spires"
Motto: "Fortis Est Veritas"
"The truth is strong"
Anthem: City of Tommy
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Meddli City, the capital of Menlan, shown with Tolmakia's other regional capitals.
Country Tolmakia
Region Menlani
Ceremonial county Oxfordshire
Admin Headquarters Oxford City Centre
Official capital 1975
Government
 • Body Meddli Administration
 • Legislature Meddli Assembly
 • Governor Stanley Treighford
 • Deputy Governor Roland Diggs
Population
 • Urban 1,500,000
 • Metro 595,000
 • Ethnicity 75% British-Aedan
10% Other European
9% Asian
2% Black
3% Irish
1% Other
Demonym Meddlian
Time zone GMT (UTC±00:00
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcode areas TM-5

Meddli (also Meddli City) is the capital of Tolmakia. It is the second most populous city in the republic, with over 2,000,000 inhabitants in total. Furthermore, it is one of the nation's most urbanized settlements. The city is located in Oxfordshire, occupying most of what was Oxford before Tolmakian independence (although it is still sometimes referred to by this old name). Its history can be traced back all the way to the 5th century AD, beginning with the first Saxon establishments. After the reunification of Eastern and Western Tolmakia in 1975, the city was officially established.

Meddli is divided into two primary regions: the metropolis, and the rural areas. The urban areas (collectively known as Meddli Metropolis) were first established during the industrial era. Meddli Metropolis contains some of Tolmakia's famous landmarks, such as the Meddli Megamall. Additionally, it is one of Tolmakia's densely populated areas. The rural areas (collectively called Suburban Meddli) is less urbanized compared to the metropolis, and contains more apartments, suburban-style residences, parks, and a few green areas. Suburban Meddli also contains two of Tolmakia's popular places: the Duvirnidel, and the Meddli Square. Both the Oxford University, the oldest university in the English-speaking world, and the New Oxford University are located here, along with many old British Era structures. Both Meddli Metropolis and Suburban Meddli host the headquarters of several influential and prominent Aedan companies. As the seat of the centralized government, the offices of government agencies can be found in both regions, usually in complexes. The Comtown Embassy Subdivision is located in Suburban Meddli.

Meddli City today is considered a significant financial center, potentially a global one. Additionally, it has shown its importance with education, entertainment, architecture, commerce, media, technology, research, tourism, and social services. Its industries include car manufacturing, book publishing, advertising, retail, and a large number of information technology and science-based businesses. Furthermore, Meddli is one of the world's richest cities, with a high GDP and GDP per capita. The Ministry of Economy estimates that Meddlians received up to $50,000 annually on average. Despite its globalization and modernization, it retains much of its British cultural heritage.

Etymology

"Meddli" is derived from the Modern Tolmakian word for "middle." This alludes to the city literally being the center of Tolmakia, and emphasizes on its centralized government, as well as the government's seat of power. The name also references the end of the Tolmakian Split, when both Eastern Tolmakia and Western Tolmakia "met in the middle." It was coined by both Princess Anna Marina and Prime Minister Konan Danishwire, after the Reunification Treaty was signed.

History

Medieval

Early Modern Era

Contemporary Era

Roads in the city's outskirts during 1973.

In 1960, the 5 year-long Aedan Revolution began. Throughout the event, many insurgency activities occurred in Oxford, where the Tolmakian Independence Party was primarily based in. After the independence of Tolmakia in 1965, the new Aedan nation shortly fell into disarray, when the clash of political ideologies between the monarchists and Republicans led to the week-long civil war. Oxford was affected by the mentioned war, but fortunately it was not heavily dammed; all the historical sites and the University of Oxford survived the conflict intact. One commonly cited reason for this was because soldiers of both sides in the war only employed small arms, and almost no explosives. The combatants were also aware of the city's cultural history, which they respected and regarded as important.

Following the end of the war and the Split Treaty that started the Split Era, most of Oxford was awarded to the Western Tolmakian Republic, while a small portion, and the cities that would become Menlani were ceded to the Eastern Tolmakian Kingdom. A small barrier was erected to clearly define the east-west boundary. At least 2 divisions from the Western Tolmakian Army were stationed within the city. For the first 5 years of the split, Oxford's condition somewhat deteriorated, largely because the damage to its post-war infrastructure was not properly attended to, until 1970. From 1970 to 1975, not only was its infrastructure repaired, but it was improved too, and Oxford became a newfound hub for economic activities. Its cultural businesses would later contribute to the rise of modern Aedan culture in the golden period.

In 1975, Princess Anna Marina, accompanied by a delegation, and Western Prime Minister Konan Danishwire (with his own delegation) met in the city; as Anna Marina put it, they "met in the middle" to resolve their differences. In the meeting that took place, Anna Marina formally abdicated as Tolmakia's only monarch, dissolved Eastern Tolmakia, and relinquished her powers. She later publicly announced her news to the world, in what is now Meddli Square. A large celebration was held afterwards in the square, which was followed by the removal of the barrier that separated east from west. In honor of the Reunification of Tolmakia, a memorial was subsequently built in the mentioned square. In the same year, Meddli was adopted as the city's new name (although people still refer to it by its old name).

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During the 1980s, Meddli was considered a twin city of London.

In 1980, Tolmakia entered its golden age. Meddli City, which was already bustling with domestic companies quickly emerged as a noteworthy economic powerhouse. As the nation's economy grew, so did the city. Many areas were soon filled with skyscrapers, containing both offices, stores, and new homes. The city was also modernized with the latest technology at the time. Moreover, these developments were supervised, as the Meddli Administration wanted to preserve the city's British-Era structures. Furthermore, it was during this time that the Meddlian population rose by 50%, from 1,200,000 to approximately 1,800,000.

In 1985, a state-sponsored project resulted in the installation of more parks and "green" spaces, amongst the many developing areas in both Meddli Metropolis and Suburban Meddli. The roads and railroads were attended to as well. Well within the decade, the Ministry of Environment was successful in implementing the contemporary energy conservative and open architectural styles that can be seen in the city today. In 1987, the Tolmakian Mass Rapid Transportation System (ToMaRTS) was opened, and underwent a second modernization in 2000.

In the spring of 1995, the city's power lines were upgraded, during a nationwide operation that was conducted by the Ministry of Energy, and its several private partners (one of which was Corporal Energies Company). Many power plants were refurbished and built around Meddli. Furthermore, the city's lines were transferred under the ground.

In 1998, several bombings occurred in Meddli, one of which took place near the Meddli Square. These led to Tolmakia's involvement in the First Pejite War. Following the bombings, the city's authorities put the city's security under full alert for a short amount of time. Daily activities that ceased after the attacks resumed after 2002. Additionally, the bombings coincided with the Economic Recession of 1998, which strongly affected Meddli's growth. The city's businesses suffered, until the crisis' effects ended in 2003.

After the end of Second Pejite War in 2014, executive government officials announced the news in Meddli square. Days later, they announced the new Self Defence Policy of Tolmakia, as well as the Ippheroan Treaty. In late 2014, Meddli became the center of celebrations and ceremonies concerning the country's progress since its reunification. From November until the end of the year, Tolmakian National Month, the Green Months, and "Tolmakia's path to a pacifist road" were celebrated.

In 2015, Meddli was the scene of anti-war protesters who criticized the military's involvement in the Insurgency in Pejite and the US-led coalition against IS. These protests would prove to be a minor factor in persuading the government to launch an inquiry into the Ippheroan Treaty. In May, the city hosted numerous summer events that included Art Attack, Music Pick, and Brawl Club. After the birth of the second royal child of Prince William and Duchess Catherine, Meddli City was donned in pink to celebrate the princess' birth.

In the spring of 2016, many political events occurred in the city's open spaces. Political party parties were thrown, and the guys just partied all night in anticipation of the next year's general elections. Later in the year, news of the amendment of the 2014 Self Defence Policy was broadcasted in Meddi Square. Additionally, many energy-related projects for the city began. By the year, the Meddli Administration succeeded in having the city switch to eco-friendly fuels, and agreed to the use of kinetic energy harnessing devices around Meddli's frequently visited public places.

Government

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This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Tolmakia

The Meddli Administration is divided into 4 primary branches: the Assembly, the Meddli Departments, the Office of Administration, and the Municipal Judiciary.

Meddli Assembly

The Meddli Assembly is the bicameral legislative organ of the city's Administration. It is divided into the Convocation (upper house) and the Board (lower house). Members of the Meddli Convocation are elected by legislature into position every 6 years, while the lower house may contain irregularly elected members. The city's assembly is represented by one or more selected member(s) of the Convocation within the Republican Assembly itself.

Meddli Departments

The Meddli Administration has 9 departments with 15 chief subdivisions:

  • Meddlian Office of Daily Affairs
    • Local Committee on Transport and Travel
  • Meddlian Office of Environment
    • Local Committee on Environment Regulation
  • Meddlian Office of Economic Commerce
    • Financial Department of Meddli
    • Meddlian Committee of Manufacturing and Production
    • Local Office of Employment and Skills
  • Meddlian Religion Group
    • Protestant Church of Tolmakia (Meddli)
  • Meddlian Office of Education
    • Local Committee of Universities
    • Collective Group of Universities and Academies in Meddli (COGUAM)
  • Meddlian Department of Science and Technology
    • Local Committee on Innovation and Research
  • Meddlian Office of Welfare
    • Health Department of Meddli
    • Local Committee of Social Affairs
  • Meddlian Office of Media and Culture
    • Meddlian Cultural Group
    • Meddlian Department of Media and Literature
  • Meddlian Ministry of Infrastructure
    • Local Committee on Energy and Resource
    • Local Committee on Communication

Law enforcement is handled by the executive government's Ministry of Police and Emergency response, the DHF Metropolitan Department, and the Meddli Judiciary.

Meddli Office of Administration

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The administrative building, 2001. It was once the meeting place for the Republican Assembly's sessions.

The Office of Administration is the department that mainly represents the city administration itself. It is led by a Governor, who also holds executive power over the heads of the Meddli Departments. The Deputy Governor assists the Governor, and is mostly responsible for internal issues.

The Governor is usually appointed into position every 6 years. In contrast, the deputy is elected by popular vote in open elections, but may be in position for as long as 10 years until they either assume the place of the Governor, or outlast their term limits. The current Governor is Stanley Treighford, and the current Deputy Governor is Roland Diggs.

The Meddli Office of Administration has one major subbranch: the Office of Domestic Affairs. The Office of Domestic Affairs maintains committees and subdivisions that deal with the interaction amongst the overall Meddli Administration to departments that are responsible for managing relationships with the national and other regional governments.

Meddli Judiciary

The Meddli Judiciary is the judicial branch of the local government. It is in charge of enforcing law and justice. The judiciary is divided into the Civil Court and the High Court. The Civil Court deals with social policies, while the High Court manages criminal cases and may charge convicts with high treason. In the latter case, criminals are usually turned over to the Supreme Court of Tolmakia if their actions break laws outside of the local law.

Geography

Meddli's coordinates are 51°45′07″N 1°15′28″W. It is 24 miles (39 km) northwest of Reading, Berkshire, 26 miles (42 km) northeast of Swindon, 36 miles (58 km) east of Cheltenham and 43 miles (69 km) east of Gloucester, 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Milton Keynes, 38 miles (61 km) southeast of Evesham, 43 miles (69 km) south of Rugby, Warwickshire, and 50 miles (80 km) northwest of London.

Topography

Meddli is composed of relatively flat land, with a few elevated areas to the north. Most of the land was previously flattened, so that it could host buildings and other manmade structures.

The River Cherwell and River Thames (sometimes known collectively as the Isis from the Latinised name, Thamesis) run through the city. They also provide waterways for transport, hydroelectricity, and blue energy, aside from water for the population. These rivers are protected by the Meddlian Office of Environment and the Local Committee on Environment Regulation. The two rivers join together in southern Meddli.

Climate

Climate data for Meddlian Climate Report (2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
19.6
(67.3)
24.2
(75.6)
29.2
(84.6)
32.8
(91)
35.6
(96.1)
36.5
(97.7)
38.1
(100.6)
35.2
(95.4)
29.6
(85.3)
20.8
(69.4)
17.2
(63)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
8.4
(47.1)
11.3
(52.3)
14.2
(57.6)
17.9
(64.2)
21.0
(69.8)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
19.9
(67.8)
15.5
(59.9)
11.1
(52)
8.3
(46.9)
15.2
(59.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
5.3
(41.5)
7.6
(45.7)
9.9
(49.8)
13.3
(55.9)
16.4
(61.5)
18.7
(65.7)
18.5
(65.3)
15.7
(60.3)
12.0
(53.6)
8.0
(46.4)
5.5
(41.9)
11.3
(52.3)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.1
(35.8)
3.9
(39)
5.5
(41.9)
8.7
(47.7)
11.7
(53.1)
13.9
(57)
13.7
(56.7)
11.4
(52.5)
8.4
(47.1)
4.9
(40.8)
2.7
(36.9)
7.5
(45.5)
Record low °C (°F) −13.6
(7.5)
−9.5
(14.9)
−7.2
(19)
−3.8
(25.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
2.8
(37)
6.5
(43.7)
6.7
(44.1)
2.8
(37)
−4.6
(23.7)
−6.3
(20.7)
−12.0
(10.4)
−13.6
(7.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 55.2
(2.173)
40.9
(1.61)
41.6
(1.638)
43.7
(1.72)
49.4
(1.945)
45.1
(1.776)
44.5
(1.752)
49.5
(1.949)
49.1
(1.933)
68.5
(2.697)
59.0
(2.323)
55.2
(2.173)
601.7
(23.689)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.5 77.9 114.6 168.7 198.5 204.3 212.0 204.7 149.3 116.5 72.6 52.0 1,632.6
Source: Radcliffe Meteorological Station

Meddli has a maritime temperate climate. The average temperatures of Meddli are 0 °C (32 °F) in winter, and not much higher than 32 °C (90 °F) in summer. Precipitation is uniformly distributed throughout the year, and is provided mostly by weather systems that arrive from the Atlantic. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Meddli was −16.6 °C (2.1 °F) in January 1982. The highest temperature that was ever recorded in the city was 35.6 °C (96 °F) in August 2003, during the 2003 European heat wave.

The average weather conditions above were recorded from the Radcliffe Meteorological Station. The present British-Tolmakian station boasts the longest series of temperature and rainfall records for one site in Britain. These records are continuous from January, 1815.

The coldest months of Meddli are January until March, and the warmest months are June until late October. Snowfall usually begins in late December, and ends in the middle of April, frequently falling in small amounts. According to the National Weather Group, rainstorms occur twice to seven times (at most) a year.

Districts

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New Oxford streets.

Meddli has 12 districts, 5 subdistricts, and 2 civil parishes:

  • Blackbird Leys
  • Cowley
    • Temple Cowley
  • Iffley
    • Littlemore
    • Maryrose
  • Cutteslowe
  • Headington
    • New Marston
    • St. Williams
  • Jericho
  • New Oxford
    • Abigail Town
    • Norham Manor
    • Walton Manor
  • Osney
  • Botley
  • Summertown
  • Sunnymead
  • Wolvercote

After Tolmakian independence, most district's original boundaries were kept, along with some of their original names.

Demography

Ethnic Groups



Circle frame.svg

2016 census

  British-Aedan (76%)
  Other Europeans (12%)
  Asian (9%)
  Black (2%)
  Other (1%)
Meddlian Demography Census
Ethnicity Population
White
(English, Irish, Scottish, Tolmakian, other)
1,800,900
Asian
(Bangladeshi, Chinese, Indian, Pakistani, Other)
128,000
Black
(African, Caribbean, Other)
41,000
Other 21,100

In a 2014 census report conducted by the Tolmakian Census Group, results concluded that 76% of the Meddlian population (~1,500,000) were of Aedan, British, Welsh, Irish, or Scottish descent, with 10% (200,000) being of other European descent. 9% (180,000) of Meddlians were found to be Asian, and 2% (40,000) were African. The rest were of other ethnicities or mixed race.

In 2015, roughly 100,000 immigrants registered in the Tolmakian Office of Immigration, 25,000 of which came from war-infected areas from the Middle East. At least half of the mentioned figure settled down in Tolmakia legally, and more than half (25,000) went on to live in Meddli. The Tolmakian Office of Immigration estimates that the average number of immigrants that come to Tolmakia every year amount to 10,000 or less. In the previous year, around 11,000 illegal immigrants were reportedly detained by the DHF.

Conversely, more than 50,000 Meddlians move out of the city and migrate to other provinces or countries annually. Meddlians were found to prefer Menlani, Perthon, or Bristol. The United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand are also popular destinations for Meddlians, outside of the nation's borders.

Religion

Meddlian Religion Group
Religion Percent (%)
Protestant
  
42%
Secularism
  
40%
Roman Catholic
  
20.5%
Muslim
  
3%
Hindu
  
2%
Jewish
  
1.5%
Buddhist
  
0.5%
Other
  
0.5%

According to the Meddlian Religion Group, the majority of citizens in the city identify as Protestants; 42% (roughly 840,000 inhabitants) of the population follow Protestantism. After the reformation period, the religion dominated over much of what would be Meddli, until the years leading up to the ages of enlightenment, reason, and the industrial revolution. Protestant Meddlians are represented by the Protestant Church of Tolmakia (PCT) community, which is based in the capital.

Secular Meddlians make up the second largest denomination, after Protestants. 40% of Meddlians (800,000) identify themselves as Seculars, some of whom were "born believers of a religion." Along with Aedan nationalism, the years after the industrial revolution, the ideas of reason and logic, the world wars, and the Tolmakian Revolution led to most pre-independence Tolmakians adopting secular principles, although slowly throughout the centuries. In Meddli, secularism became popular during the late 20th century. It is Meddli City's ceremonial denomination. Many Meddlians claim that secularism is Tolmakia's de facto "religion."

Roman Catholicism is the city's third largest primary religion. It is arguably the oldest prevalent religion in the area, and in Tolmakia. This faith is represented by the churches in Suburban Meddli, most especially by the communities in St. Willam's.

Other religions include Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. Islam was first introduced by Indian people and some merchants in the 17th century, the latter of whom served along with the Tolmakians under the British. Hinduism and Judaism spread in a similar way, in their cases, by settlers, migrants, and a few monks. 12% (240,000) of Meddlians are Muslims, 8% (160,000) are Hindus, 3% (60,000) are Jews, and 1.5% (30,000) are Buddhists. The rest (10,000) identify with minor religions.

Economy

Meddli City is considered Tolmakia's second largest center of economic commerce, second only to the nearby larger city of Menlani. It is the birth place of many companies, prime location where billions of Shenis are circulated, and deals with all kinds of businesses, including automobile manufacturing, technology development, tourism, commercial production, entertainment, investment, and retail. Its strongest points are its automobile, creative writing, advertising, retail, and technology industries.

The city is Tolmakia's richest city, specifically in terms of GDP per capita. Its total GDP during 2014 was estimated to be approximately US$500 billion.

Tourism

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New Year's Eve, 2013. The events in Meddli Megamall attracted over 500,000 tourists during the year.

According to the Office of Daily Affairs, the Meddlian tourism industry receives approximately 29 million tourists every year. After 2010, the number of tourists increased from 25 million to almost 30 million for four years. Many of these tourists also visited the United Kingdom, or were finished with their trips and came from London. Tourism is regulated by the Meddlian Cultural Group and the Financial Department of Meddli.

Famous tourist destinations include Meddli City's numerous British Era architectural buildings, along with modern and historical Aedan marvels, like the Meddli Square, Meddli Megamall, Duvirnidel, Capital Park, and Meddli Needle. Other attractions include the Ashmolean Museum, Museum of the History of Science, Pitt Rivers Museum, Meddli Botanic Garden, New Oxford University Museum of Natural History, the Bodleian Library, the Headington Shark, Meddli Modern Art, Sheldonian Theatre, the Christ Church Cathedral, and St. Mary's Church. The group in charge of tourism, Meddli is Awesome! is a private company, which provides the bulk of visiting tourists with their services. Its services include booking plane trips, bus rides, and scheduled tourist events.

Though not tourist attractions themselves, the government offices and the Comtown Subdivision where foreign diplomatic offices are located, have been known to attract a fair amount of visitors. However, most offices and Comtown Subdivision remains off-limits to non-employees or personnel without certified passes.

Manufacturing and production

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Shemiir Breweries, one of Tolmakia's largest brewing companies is housed in Meddli City.

Meddli was once a center of production during the industrial era. Throughout the golden period of Tolmakia, the city gave rise to many manufacturing firms, which in turn propped up many factories. Today, the city maintains mostly offices than factories; several of the mentioned factories are now defunct, and have been largely replaced with more modern eco-friendly ones. However, the city still hosts its fair share of manufacturing centers, along with distributing centers. A few workshops are incorporated with offices. Presently, the city's factories can be found in-between Meddli Metropolis and Suburban Meddli.

Both local and foreign motor and automobile companies (including Toyota, Ford, Kuma, and Subaru) have factories near Maryrose. Meddli has been a center of motor manufacturing since Morris Motors was established in the city, when it was still Oxford in 1910. The principal production site for Mini cars, now owned by BMW is in the district of Cowley in Suburban Meddli.

Commercial goods, such as beverages are also produced and brewed here. In fact, brewing is one of Meddli's oldest businesses, it having a long history within the place. Furthermore, Shemiir Breweries opened its first breweries here in 1979. Sparklequa Company distributes its beverages here too.

Aside from the mentioned, Meddli's manufactured products include bags, clothes, computers, containers, foodstuffs, furniture, gadgets, household appliances, logistical machinery and equipment, medicines, miscellaneous electronics, mobile devices, motor vehicles, novelties, ornamental objects, tools, toys, utensils, and weapons.

Others

A Good Blimp airship, 1990.

The Meddli Megamall and Oxford Malls are hubs for advertising and retail in the city. The former has over 4,000 shops and diners, including grocery stores, hardware stores, department stores, luxury restaurants, retail outlets, and bookstores. The city's many shopping venues and commercial advertising have proven to attract many businesses, and make possible many partnership opportunities. Special events, such as holidays are always enthusiastically anticipated, as they bolster the amount and quality of goods put on sale, and the revenues of the city's advertising and retail sectors.

Book publishing and information service are some of Meddli's modest, but valued economic sectors. Oxford University Press, a department of the University of Oxford, is based in the city, although it no longer operates its own paper mill and printing house. However, the New Oxford University continues to maintain its own press, and charges a minimal fee for what it deems is Grade-B to Grade-S material.

Meddli has a substantial postmodern economy. Its digital market has been thriving since 2004, and a website/digital storefront is a must for every company. Advertising and online shopping have enabled stores to gather more customers from other locations, even from all around the world, and improve the output of Meddlian firms. As the city circulates billions of Shenis yearly, it is only natural that it has a sturdy financial and service sector.

Smaller economic sectors include traditional businesses, such as bellfounding, handcrafting, and some other minor post-modern businesses.

Transportation

Land

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Good Blimp Incorporated headquarters.

The nation's public transportation system is composed of the National Road Network Services (NRNS), the Tolmakian Mass Rapid Transport System (ToMaRTS), several bus liners, and the Rural Train Service (RuTS). The NRNS, ToMaRTS (the Menlan line), and Electric Buses operate in the Meddli, and allow thousands of people to be transported to and from Tolmakia's other counties. In 2005, the government privatized the ToMaRTS.

A subdivision of the Local Committee on Transport and Travel manages a city-wide taxi service, Meddli Black Cabs (MBC). Passengers may contact their district's MBC office for a cab. An assortment of cabs are utilized, and depending on the type, cabs may carry 6 to 10 people at a time. A few select private companies also provide taxi services. An example is Toltransco, which provides airport taxis.

Buses are another common method of land transport in the city. Out of the 1.5 billion bus passenger journeys every year, around a third of these trips take place in Meddli. Additionally, the iconic double-decker bus can also be found in Tolmakia as part of Meddli Red Buses (MRB), a similar public transport service to the MBC. Like cabs, a few private companies provide bus services.

Around 85% of ground vehicles in Meddli employ eco-friendly fuels. 10% travel with battery-powered motor vehicles. Most of the remaining percentage travel by bike or scooter. Research on battery-powered cars and cheap efficient environment-friendly fuels by the Local Committee on Innovation and Research was concluded in 2016.

The city is connected to London and Birmingham by the M40 motorway, allowing Meddlians easy excess to the mentioned locations.

A planned monorail system that will cater to residents around Menlan (Meddli included) is projected to be constructed by 2020 (at its latest projection). The Ministry of Transport and Travel started plans and designs for the system in March 2015, but despite the available funding has not pushed forth for the final decision to proceed with the system's physical developments, as it still awaits approval from the Republican Assembly.

Air

Meddli city arguably hosts one of Tolmakia's four major airports, the Menlani International Airport; in 2016, a new section of the airport was built into Meddli. Even before this, the airport was so large it overlapped with Meddli Metropolis, Suburban Meddli, and the outskirts of Menlani. The airport receives and sends of millions of visitors (tourists, expats, immigrants, merchants and overseas workers) annually, moved by airlines like the Tolmakian Air International Liner (TAIL), Tolmakian Airlines, Dhi Fleir, and Tolmakia International.

Travel by helicopter is rare, and is only available to a few select individuals, private companies, and the government. While it is legal to own a helicopter within city boundaries, a person can only own one rotary aircraft, unless registered with a group.

While not yet available, airships are being looked to as a future form of air transport. A few companies, like Good Blimp Incorporated plan to develop a cost-effective, sturdy, and reliable airship that can lift many passengers, and still cruise at a practical speed. The Ministry of Transport and Travel, which is involved with the company's vision, hopes to make this possible in the near future. The Meddli Administration also expressed its support on using airships. Currently, airships are operational only as methods of advertising. Nevertheless, this and the craft's envisioned use has made it a popular icon of the city and Tolmakia.

Water

Transport by water is provided by both private and public companies.

The River Thames provides a natural waterway through the city. Some services offer tours and transport to select areas along the river. Pathways to the river also allow for watercraft to bring people to certain landmarks (like the Duvirnidel pool which, is connected to the Thames).

Education

The Meddlian Office of Education is responsible for education in Meddli. It is also responsible for maintaining public schools and universities, and managing the affairs of these educational institutes. Education service is mostly public. Following the national educational policies, there are no mandatory uniform codes, and this issue has been left in the freedom of each school to decide. Education is mandatory for ages 5 to 18. Once 18, students receive compulsory military training for at least half a year (6 months).

The traditional Meddli education teaches: mathematics (basic arithmetics for lower elementary grades; fractions, decimals, and algebra for higher grades; and calculus, trigonometry, and others for late high school and university); science (such as basic science, natural science, physics, biology, and physiology); literature and language (including English, Modern Tolmakian, Aedan language history, and Latin); history (National history, international history, etc.); and creative arts (such as painting, writing, sculpting, acting, and filming). Music is also taught for all grades as a recommended subject. In later high school and college, students go to the armed forces for compulsory training. After a year, they may go back to continue their education.

The most remarkable Tolmakian university, the New Oxford University is located in Meddli. The city has 400 other education institutes, most of which are public. Despite being within Tolmakia, the University of Oxford remains under British Jurisdicion, but may be subject to Tolmakian law in certain cases.

Culture

Literature and media

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Headquarters of the Tolmakian Star Bulletin, 2014.

Meddli was a great hub for writers, including Aedan poets and novelists prior to the 20th century. Some of these writers were born in the city, and helped Tolmakian nationalism emerge through their works. Others, like Keil Manson (considered the father of Tolmakian thrillers), laid the foundation for contemporary Aedan literature. Meddli continues to host some of Tolmakia's largest writer's associations, book clubs, and major newspaper firms, such as the TB Club, One Leaf at a Time Association, and The Tolmakian Star Bulletin. Furthermore, the city hosts many historical British-era libraries.

Along with past and present British and Tolmakian writers, media companies and film stars were also founded or born here. Examples are: Ron Bajelson, well-known for his high quality visual effects; Tolmakian Broadcasting Center (DVCH), the unofficial national broadcasting company, which is currently based in Meddli Metropolis; and Rockstone Studios, a film company that makes Lego stop-motion animations, and is presently based in Suburban Meddli.

Meddli City itself usually appears in literature and media, when Tolmakia is represented. In Bourne Confidential, the city is one of the film's prime locations. It also appears in the action and a venture novel, New Order. Many post-reunification poems and books revolve around the city's founding.

Leisure and entertainment

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Meddli Megamall, Building 2.

Meddli has more than 60,000 shops and 21 malls. Out of these 21, 5 are "supermalls," 4 of which are owned by FIESTA Stocks and Shares.

Shopping centers
  • Banbury Road
  • Botley Road
  • Clarendon Shopping Center
  • Cornmarket Street
  • Covered Market
  • Cowley Retail Park
  • Cowley Road
  • George Street
  • Gloucester Green
  • Golden Cross
  • Headington
  • Iffley Road
  • Little Clarendon Street
  • Main Street
  • Meddli Megamall
  • Princess Street, Oxford
  • New Botley
  • North Parade
  • St. William's
  • Templars Square Shopping Center
  • The High Street
  • Turl Street
  • Walton Street
  • Westgate Shopping Center

Architecture

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The Building of International Groups, Associations, and Sovereign States in Meddli Metropolis (pictured at the right, not the round one).

Meddli's architectural style is sundry: a substantial percentage of its buildings are of historical styles (Gothic, Baroque, Renaissance, and Victorian, mostly), reflecting on the area's past as a part of England. After independence from England, many of its old structures were declared cultural treasures. The ancient churches were put under the protection of the Meddlian Cultural Group.

Since 1975, most of the city's structures have been of contemporary styles (Postmodern, Neomodern, and Neo-futuristic), reflecting on present-day Aedan architectural preferences. As Tolmakia rose out of its previous conflicted eras, so did its buildings; what would be Meddli Metropolis was quickly filled with skyscrapers during Tolmakia's golden period. Many of its post-independence buildings are innovative, in that they are designed so that natural lighting and cooling is used, reducing on average 30% of each building's power usage. Both indoor and outdoor open spaces are also popular, as well as incorporating flora in urban spaces. In 2016, kinetic energy harnessing devices, particularly the KEAPs (Kinetic Energy Absorbing Pads) were installed in the city's public spaces.

Music

Music in Meddli is generally diverse: as the birthplace of many pre and post-independence music artists, composers, and bands, its genres range from classical to modern pop music. Many poems about the city's foundation were also made into Aedan folk songs. According to the results of several surveys done from 2001 to 2016, 9% of Meddlians preferred classical music (including orchestral and classic rock), 20% preferred pop, 15% liked electronic, 30% liked rock, and 25% liked other genres.

Meddli hosts a variety of brass and trumpet bands, including its own orchestral band, the Meddli Philharmonic Orchestra. It was also here where the British-Tolmakian alternative rock band, HotStop was discovered. Furthermore, the city gave rise to the English rock band, Radiohead; singer, Mia Fishthrower; and national anthem composer, Kurtis Viegler.

Every year, various places in the city host music-related events and festivals. The Meddli Megamall Theatre screens at least 5 musical plays or concerts per year. Furthermore, Capital Park hosts concerts on a monthly basis, and enables independent artists to be discovered.

Recreation

Parks and open spaces

A common feature that can be observed in both Meddli Metropolis and Suburban Meddli is that many post-1975 built structures are filled with "green spots" (green roofs, small parks, walls with vines, etc.) and open spaces. These are intended to serve many purposes, including reducing emissions, encouraging the use of natural lighting and cooling (therefore decreasing expenses), visual appeal, and even relieving the stress of the populace. Bikes and other similar vehicles are available in most large parks in Suburban Meddli to persuade commuters for eco-friendly travel. In Suburban Meddli where there is more foliage, playgrounds are installed in 9 out of 10 parks in every district.

In Meddli Metropolis, spaces between groups of buildings provide open spaces such as parks or squares. One such place is the Capital Park, and another is the Meddli Square. Others include the Konan Reserve, Cutteslowe Park, Port Meadow Park, Polo Square, Newman Square, C. S. Lewis Nature Reserve, Mini Norlan Park, South Parks, Shotover, Lowham Reserve, Buford Square, Lye Valley, and Mesopotamia. Such places offer places for recreational activities. As is the case with the Meddli Square, some open spaces also allow people (including government officials) to stage speeches and announcements. Furthermore, these open spaces may host special events and holiday celebrations, or private events like birthdays or club parties. A few are dedicated to containing ornamental plants and trees, or hosting historical memorials.

A few unique open spaces are available for hosting outdoor restaurants, a popular trend with diners and businessmen in Menlan. Artists' works are also exhibited around the city's open spaces.

Sports

Every year, sports events are hosted in Capital Park. Soccer, tennis, cricket, basketball, rugby, and golf competitions have been known to be hosted in the mentioned park and several others. One park, the Soccer Park was specifically established to serve as both a soccer field and a park.

Others

Meddli is known to be a hotspot for uncommon activities. It is a famous location for filmmakers (both independent, or working for media companies). Many Tolmakian vloggers and artists also shoot here and regularly perform skits. These skits include (legal) graffiti art, parkour, skateboarding, and creating action, comedy, or romantic films.

A YouTube festival was held in Meddli in 2008.

See also