Lakograde

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Lakograde
Lakograd (Лакоград)
City
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Novolakja.jpg
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Motto: Lakograd, korona Slovunji/Лакоград, корона Словунйи
Lakograde, the crown of Slovunia
The location of the Capitol District within Slovunia
The location of the Capitol District within Slovunia
CountrySlovunia
ProvinceCapitol District
Founding910
Founded byVladoslav Kaspjan
Government
 • MayorIvan Jenisjev (Conservatives)
Population (2016)
 • City7,576,300
 • Urban1,455,250
 • District6,121,050
DemonymLakovian
Time zoneStandard Slovuniac (SS) (UTC(EST3+))
Postal Code1001-1025
Calling Code(+05) 10
Websitewww.lakograde.gov.ss

Lakograde (English pronunciation: [lɑkəˈɡɹɑːd] or [lɑkəˈɡɹɛɪd]) or Lakograd in Sloviac (Sloviac pronunciation: [ˈɫakɔˌɡɾat]) is the capital city and with well over 7 million inhabitants within the city limits also the by far biggest city of Slovunia. Out of the 7.5 million inhabitants only about 1.4 million lives in the actual city with the majority of the population living in the suburbs within the city limits. The city is situated along the Zherka river and consists of much of the historical region Lakia.

Although there is evidence for an older settlement, the first one to stay permanently was founded in 910 BC by Vladoslav Kaspjan who was the first ruler over Lakia after the arrival of the Slavs shortly before. The name of this settlement was Lǫkov Grádъ (Лѧков Грáдъ) which means "swamplands' city" and is a reflection of the landscape in Lakia before most of the wetlands were overbuild or turned into agricultural land. The settlement became seat of the throne in 943 thanks to its location as it was almost uninvadable. It has grown fastly as a book from the early 11th century speaks of a town with the name Lǫkovgrád with more than three thousand inhabitants. In 1050, the town got had seen its population to a point where it could be called a city, though the terrain limited the expansion of it. The history of the city turned in spring 1104, when a fire broke out and destroyed much of the original Lakograde which was built out of wood before. When the city was being rebuilt, the rulers decided to let it be build out of stone, making it one of the first stone-built cities in Slavic Goristan. The following centuries were a time without many major events in Lakia, though the city grew drastically. The Era of War of Slovunia's history made the city as capital of the Slovuniac Tsardom getting taken several times, destroying almost all of it and leaving city planners an open field to build on and rebuild the capital after the wars ended in the 1860s and 70s. The city changed its fact from a place, known for its medieval architecture next to Baroque castles, to what it is today: The architecture in the city centre of Lakograde remained similar, though some modern building are being built. A land reform in 1905 made the city a city state as the national capital was seen as too special to be in one of the traditional provinces. The city grew to its modern size by getting dozens of neighboring cities, towns and villages incorporated. Following the Slovuniac Civil War (1918-1920) and the revolution which resulted in the monarchy being overthrown, the city underwent drammatical changes as the governments of the 20s financed massive infrastructural investments, a trend which continued in the decades after; By the Fuel Crisis, the city has become the most developed one in the country and the heart of the national economy. Following the Fuel Crisis, the city had seen its population declining as people migrated to other parts of the country in order to find employment. Though the population is stagnant at around 7.5 million since decades, the city has actually profited from it as rents are still affordable and the city has not lost its national importance.

Lakograde is the political, economical and cultural heart of the nation. The city is home to most of the major political institutions, making it the most influencial place within Slovunia. The parliament, court of constitution and almost all departments are located in the capital city nowadays.

Etymology

The Sloviac name for Lakograde, Лакоград/Lakograd, comes from Lǫkov Grádъ which translates to city of swamplands. This name is representing the most common geographical feature of the time when the city was founded and has slowly changed towards the term Lakograd, a name which can be dated back as far as the city's founding. Though official documents spoke of Lǫkov Grádъ (later Lakov Grad) until around the year 1910, the usage of Lakograd became more used in other contexts over time. The original pronunciation of Lǫkov Grádъ and Lakográdъ was [ˈlɑ̃kɔf ɡrɑːd] and [ˌlɑkɔˈɡrɑːd], the modern pronunciation of Lakov Grad and Lakograd is [ˈɫakɔf ɡɾat] and [ˈɫakɔˌɡɾat]. The full official name of the city is Lakograd, grad koronſka ſtanu Slovunſkjego, ſ̌ens Gorīſtanu i Lakji which translates towards "Lakograde, capital city of Slovunia, centre of Goristan and Lakia" and - although not being used anymore - it is technically the longest full official place name in Slovunia. In the Eshke Language, the city is called "Саминат/Saminat" which means "city of gold". It is unknown where the Eshke name comes from, though there were Tcheyeni and Eshke settlements in Lakia before the Slavs arrived which could be the reason for the naming.

History

Eshkemene Kingdom

During the time before the Boyemic migration, the area had been part of various Eshkemene kingdoms and was situated at the border to the Tcheyeni kingdom. It always had influences from both cultures and - eventhough there was no major city in the area at that point - smaller communities often were bilingual and trade between the two kingdoms was a major reason why more and more people chose to live in the area which then was mostly consisting of swamps and some forrests. The only Tcheyeni town with more than two hundred inhabitants before the 10th century was Tčenet (which is in what is today the borough of Tčanovo) and the two only towns that size which were primarily Eshkemene were Gēǧaht (now in Novoſ̌allonſk) and Mēnetarh (now in Starīſad).

Kingdom of Lakia

The kingdom of Lakia lasted from 910 until the unification of Goristan (14th century). The founding of Lakograde was also the de facto founding of Lakia since the town was shortly after its founding made the first capital of the young kingdom and it had the same founder, Vladoslav Kaspjan. The town grew quickly and by 943 when it became the capital due to its geographical location, easy defendable within the swamps, it had already a population of around a thousand people according to sources of that time. The first meantioning of the city of Lakograde can be found in the Lakian Chronicles (slv. Kīſſīlī Lakījſkje) which meantions its founding and the fact that it was made capital («[...] ı en zdobízoval, vemıǫdzi lǫk tih, grádъ ſ̌to o ıemnoıu Lǫkov Grádъ noboı ten ıemnoı ıeſt kak tam ıeſt [...]»; «[...] Koról náš ıeſt ten, kto v mıeıſtu ten, v grádu ten zróbıl grádъ koróni ſveı [...]»). The town grew quickly and there is evidence that it had more than three thousand inhabitants by the 11th century and that the city had to made neighbouring territories usable as land for agriculture and city expansion. Since there were no efficient methods to make the swamps usable, it took a long time to build ariticial canals for the water to flow in and flow into small ponds and into the Zherka. A major event during that time was the fire that burnt the city down in the spring of 1104. The city - built entirely out of wood before as the majority of places in Slovunia at that time - was rebuilt out of stone, which was why the city was sometimes called «logoród kámıenni» («garden of stone»), a term which nowadays is used as «logorod kamjennī» for any sort of city centre or settlement without much vegetation. The city was the last place to be taken by the Slovuniac army during the nation's unification as it was not unreachable, though the few ways in were not suitable for a large number of soldiers to come at once. After several failed invasions by the Slovuniacs, the city was the only one to unify in a diplomatic way in 1350. By 1350, it is estimated that the population had already grown to about 20000.

Tsardom

During the Fundov dynasty, the city grew from twenty thousand inhabitants in 1350 to five million inhabitants in 1918. Lakograde became the country's main trade hub early since it was located strategically along the Zherka on the way from Goristan in the north to Yuzifograde in the south. After the Era of War, a century of destruction which destroyed the medieval-based city, the city was rebuilt using the same pattern as all other cities and towns in Slovunia at that time; Tenments out of bricks, avenues, parks and palaces were built and changed the look of the city into what it is today in more central areas mostly. The city grew and neighbouring places were incorporated on a regular basis, which stopped when all of the former kingdom Lakia was made into the Capitol District in 1905, which gave Lakograde even more special treatment.

Civil War

Although the civil war started in Lakograde in autumn 1918, the city did not get major damages since the riots within the cities were using less weapons and most battles were taking place outside of cities. The date of the first protests is not exactly known as they were in the outskirts of Lakograde and the newspapers were not allowed to talk about it at the beginning. Those protests which later evolved into riots started since the drought of 1918 was responsible for not enough food being harvested to supply the population and the political reaction on this problem. As the food shortage became more and more of a famine with the end of autumn, the riots became more violent, demanding the government to solve the issue. Simultaneously to the first snowfall of the year, the Fundovs tried to dissolve protests by military force. This backfired with the message of the Tsars killing the hungry populace spreading through all of the tsardom within a short time. The riots began to become nationwide, making the government focus more on other area than the capital alone which played a role in preserving much of the architecture. The Fundovs had to flee the city in spring 1919, leaving the city to the rioters which established their own government. After the Battle of Lakia which went for one week and ended on new year's eve 1920, there has been no major try by the monarchists to retake the city. Only a few weeks later, the Republiv of Slovunia had been declared by Kazimir Dimitrījev Anatolīvičījſki.

Early Republic

The early Republic of Slovunia was a time of socic-economic problems on the one hand, but also the time that started many infrastructure investments. Although there were some good sides about this time, it is seen very negatively in modern Slovunia - especially in Lakograde, which was the centre of all political activity at that time. As the politics were dominated by severl elections annually and overall instability and the economy failed to grow quickly enough after the war, the climate within the society changed. There had been protests to reintroduce the monarchy by 1923, followed by several waves of investments by the government into the city to fix the major problems. The most important things done by the local government beteen 1920 and 1925 include:

  • Reopening of the tramway. During the early phase of the civil war, the tramway got damaged and had to close down during the Battle of Lakia when a few parts of the network from major importance were hit. It lead to the transportation within Lakograde not working properly. Since people were not able to commute within the city normally, the economy could not opertate as usual and many businesses temporarily shot down. In 1921, it became the first major project by the local government to be completed. Also, a ring line around the city centre was being constructed between 1922 and 1925.
  • Restructuring the canalization. Before 1924, a large number of people living in poorer districts had no running water within their tenments and had to go to the Zherka or one of the many public water fountains to get their water. Doctors raised concerns about the Zherka which was getting increasingly polluted being the cause of illnesses and that the situation may get worse. Lakograde had grown faster than any other city in Slovunia before and now had problems with the water supply. In early 1920, the construction of new parts of the canalization began to connect to rural areas within city limits and to newer urban areas which had not yet been connected. Since the areas further down the Zherka were already populated by large numners of people at that point, the city could not dump the polluted water into the river, but rather had to work out different plans. The city of Lakograde also invested in supplying every residential building with clean water.
  • Construction of the new Central Terminal. Lakograde had become the most important railway hub within the country since 1900, but it still did not have one, central station, but rather five seperate ones just outside the inner city. Travellers wanting to travel from Yerkutsk in the north to Yuzifograde in the south would need to go by train until the Gorusia-Station, then leave and use a taxi or public transport to cross the city centre and continue by train from the South Station. Since the city wanted to relocate the industrial belt it had along the southern riverbank of the Zherka to lower the pollution of the water anyway, the government supported around 80% of the industry to relocate from the central district to a new industrial park, the first one in Slovunia. The demolishing of the industrial area began in summer 1921 and ended in late spring of the next year. The construction took from early summer 1924 until winter 1929 with the first train using it driving on the rails on new year 1930, shortly before Gorinin got elected and started even more infrastructure investments. The Central Terminal is still in use while the Gorusia-Station and the South Station (which was renamed into Plac Starodvorſki) have been turned into bus and tram stations shortly afterwards. The tracks go from south of the South Station to the east, crossing the Zherka and following it elevated towards the Central Terminal. They do not directly reconnect towards the tracks north of the Gorusia-Station, but rather follow the river further and cross it to connect north of the next train station. Because the tracks are elevated on the east side of the Zherka and most of the industry had to be relocated, it was ranked as the most expensive infrastructure-related project in the history of Lakograde, though the record only lasted for a few years since the Gorinin Era brought even more investments.


Salvationist Regime

The Salvationist regime of Slovunia did not only start in Lakograde, but also left most traces of its existence within its city limits. In contrast to other parts of Slovunia, the overthrowing of the early republic's democratic system did not take place suddenly, but during a process which lasted months. In early 1925, the Salvationists did not yet control the city, but when the summer started, noone would have argued they were not controlling the city. The former royal palaces got reused by the Salvationists as administrative buildings and the infrastructure projects which were started during the short-lived democracy were finished, but no new ones were started. Since the government was getting centralized with this centre being Lakograde, the city was subject to a massive population growth which required the city's administration to start a new housing project to house as many people as possible, which got realized in the Koshayev (Koſ̌ajev/Кошаєв) district, later renamed to Novolossov (Novoloſſov/Новолоссов) in honour of Andriei Lossov. Several monuments honouring the Salvationists have been erected during the late 20s, though the have been demolished once Gorînin bacame president with almost no photographies or drawings of them left, making it hard to reconstruct Lakograde in the period between 1925 and 1932.

Gorinin Era

Younger History

Geography

Lakograde is situated on the banks of the river Zherka, with two other major rivers flowing into the Zherka within the city limits. The city is situated in the historical region Lakia, which is notably flat and has almost no elevation. This is why the area has originally been dominated by swamplands which were removed for the most part by people to make it easier for the cities of the area to grow. The city is the largest one in size in Slovunia since it was incorporating all of Lakia with a land reform. Though there are cities and towns within the city limits, they do technically belong to the city of Lakograde.

Administration

Administrative divisions in the Capitol District

Slovunia's capital city formally consists of all of the Capitol District, the former region Lakia. The city is subdivided into districts which originally were separate cities, those being Novolossov (Slv.: «Новолоссов/Novoloſſov»), Koshche (Slv.: «Кошчэ/Košče»), Lakograde or Lakograde Centre (Slv.: «Лакоград/Lakograd» al «Сєс Лакоградски/Sjes Lakogradski»), Lakiysk (Slv.: «Лакӣйск/Lakījsk»), Chernolak (Slv.: «Чэрнолак/Černolak») and Harpinsk (Slv.: «Харпинск/Harpinsk»). Since the Capitol District does only have two layer of administration instead of three, all of the Capitol district is theoretically part of Lakograde, which is why the term Greater Lakograde was created in reference to all of the area (Slv.: «Лакоград Вєкшӣ/Lakograd Vjekſ̌ī»).

The city is governed by the mayor and senators of the city hall which are elected every five years, but there are also referendums for each inhabitant of Greater Lakograde to vote on certain topics, typically on several occasios a year, though there might be less in some years. The city has the priviledge that it has all the authority which is normally given to not only cities or province capitals, but also to provinces themselves, making it the only city in Slovunia to be a direct subdivision of the country itself. As everywhere across Slovunia, the processes of administration are not digitalized in most cases as the digitalization of administration is not an official priority of the national government and the local government would not be able to fund the necessary investments on its own.

Slovuniac parties by seats in Lakograde's city hall
Party Percentage of Seats
PPS
  
53.1%
SVN
  
20.8%
PDV
  
25.6%
JSL
  
0.5%

The city is also home to the national parliament, the court of constitution, the presidential palace, almost all ministries and departments acting on a national level and a list of other national institutions, making it the Slovuniac city with the highest rate of burocrats per citizen. Although many belief that this makes the city have a slower burocratic process becase of more institutions, it is actually the opposite since the city is only the place where the institutions are located and those operate nationwide. Those however which only work within the Capitol Districts and its subdivisions have the advantage that the city lacks one layer of administrative subdivisions and acts as its own province.

Economy

Industry

Tourism

Infrastructure

The infrastructure in Lakograde is classified as the best one in Slovunia by the responsible authorities, though its quality varies within the city limits.

Transportation

Since cars are pricy in Slovunia, most people have to rely on public transportation to get around. This also effects Lakograde since it is located centrally in the nation and serves as the most important crossing of the rail and highway network in north-south and east-west connections. Lakograde is one of Slovunia's main hub for cargo and passenger train lines and is one of the few cities which has its own motorways, these being the North-South Turnpike (Slv.: Афтотраса доплатна Горогою-до-Дулугою/Aftotrasa doplatna Gorogoju-do-Dulugoju or АГД/AGD), the East-West Turnpike (Афтотраса доплатна Диною-до-Ночою/Aftotrasa doplatna Dinoju-do-Nočoju or АДН/ADN) and the Greater City Ring (Краг афтотрасӣйски вєлкоградски/Krag aftotrastrasījski vjelkogradski or КАВ/KAV).

Omnibus

Aftobus

Tramway

Trolleybus

Metro and Monorail

Railway

other

Utilities

Demographics

Numbers

Ethnicity

Language

Religion

Education

Healthcare

Culture

Museums

Literature

Entertainment

Media

Cuisine

Sport

City- and Landscape

Architecture

Nature

Parks and Gardens

National Parks