Kingdom of Genovia
|Kingdom of Genovia
|Motto: "Fraternité et unité"" (French) (official)
|Anthem: [Noble Proud & Brave]|
|Recognised national languages||French, English|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|-||Prime Minister||Mark Foster MoA|
|-||Upper house||Chamber of Councillors|
|-||Lower house||Chamber of Deputies|
|-||Act of Unification||1502|
4,260,000 sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2013 estimate|
|-||Per capita||$7,326.09 ($51.729 Trillion)|
|Time zone||GMT (UTC+1)|
|-||Summer (DST)||Yes (UTC-5)|
|Date format||dd/mm/yy (CE)|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||GY|
The Kingdom of Genovia, commonly known as Genovia, is a country in the region of Valeria and shares a border with The Kingdom of San Pellegrino Romana. The capital city is Venta Silurum, and its largest city is Strasbourg in the state of Oslo. Genovia is geographically, a medium sized State within it's region. The founding of Genovia is very unclear however it is guessed to have been in the 1400s, before the Act of Unification in 1502. The first person mentioned to have led, what was then a small community, was a young man aged around 28 years old. His name is uncertain but records have been found, which suggest his name to be Akaknewko.
Genovia is a sovereign state in the form of a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents, which create the Commonwealth of Gyflada. The Kingdom is a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system, with it's seat of government in the city of Venta Silurum. It is a country in it's own right and the Commonwealth consists of eleven countries, including Genovia, known as Commonwealth Realms; Rabelliad, Beaumont, Marlborough, Shabti, Cranford, Apulia, Hayle, The Isle of Mann, Naples and Triabunna. Within Genovia itself, there are five administrative divisions. These divisions have various nobility attached to them, and have devolved administrations that have had certain powers granted to them by the main Governmental seat in Venta Silurum.
Genovia has many pine forests dotted around the country, and has 4 official rivers, though there are thousands of smaller rivers, and two official lakes which can be easily noticed on the national map. Genovia's temperature rises to 15°C during the winter, and the temperature in the summer can rise to 33°C, usually. Genovia possesses the ninth-largest economy in the region. Genovia covers 11,035,000 km2 (4,260,000 sq mi). Over the past 170 years, Genovia has been a major power with strong cultural, economic, military and political influence in its surrounding area. During the 19th and 20th centuries, Genovia has colonised great parts of the Northern and South Eastern lands; during Genovia has built one of the largest empires of its same sized neighbours.
Genovia is one of the region's most developed countries, it enjoys a high standard of living as well as a high public education level, and has also one of the region's highest life expectancies. Genovia has been listed one of the "best overall health care" providers.
The foundations of the community, which is now Genovia, were originally known as Borges. They grew their community through birth rates and sending out the men to pillage neighbouring communities. The first person recorded to lead the Borges is a man named Akaknewko. As the first person to be recorded, in 1436, it is assumed that he led the Borges community. However, Akaknewko was not the leader of the camp. The Borges community was a very democratic one, and the community was led by a council of five men. Admittedly they all recognised Akaknewko as the dominant power, but they could overturn any preference of Akaknewko's, to do this however they would all have to veto against him.
The creation of the settlement was first established where the City of Venta Silurum now sits. Although there are no official records, it is believed that the first settler's numbered only around thirty-five thousand settlers. The solider's, which at that time were all men and boys aged over 13, where sent to pillage the other local settler's. By 1467, the population had grown increasingly, and pillaging became a daily exercise for the men. As the new age grew closer, the settler's populations totaled to two million settlers.
Act of Unification 1502
The First Ruler ever to be recorded was James I. James I was crowed King in 1502, when Genovia had a population of around three million citizens. James was known as a good, caring ruler, who created the first Constitution, and Bill of Rights for Genovia's Citizens. Parts of both these documents are still in existence today, and form parts of the Constitution and Bill Rights that Genvoia used when Matthew II was crowned King after the revolution of the iron fisted King, Charles XVI. Genovia has had it's fair share of iron fisted kings throughout it's history, so a declaration was made after the revolution that the present and any future Monarchs are not allowed to have total power. As a result there is a unique link between the Monarch and the Government.
The Act of Unification in 1502 came about as the settler's were approached by a number of different of tribes. They'd heard about the pillaging from the settler's and didn't want their tribes to be burnt to the ground, and so instead decided to surrender themselves, before the attacks were made. Many other tribes upon hearing of the news, and the vast land and amount of people that the settler's now had, began to become worried. This was especially brought on by James I, who had decided that it was time to create a professional army, one which he led into battle a number of times. The Act of Unification 1502 was passed by the Council of nine (nine large tribes, including that of Genovia), to create one constituent state, with a government and military and the consequential unification of all those realms under a single monarch, James.
Genovia is compromised of nine states, that are incorporated into the Sovereign State borders. The state of New Hampshire is home to the Hunter Range, which is elevated at 15, 782ft, the highest mountain range within Genovia. At top of Hunter Range is covered in snow, all year round, which makes for good skiing. The second highest mountain range is located within the State of New Georgia, Mt Maria-Pala 15,744ft, only 38 feet lower than Hunter Range. This mountain too is covered with snow all year round. Genovia has two noticeable lakes. These lakes are, along with many other areas of the nation, National Parks, and as such all wildlife and nature are protected. This means they can not be hunted, injured, captured or built on.
Spring is the period from March to May. Spring is generally a calm, cool and dry season, particularly because the Drakian Sea has lost much of its heat throughout the autumn and winter. However, as the sun rises higher in the sky and the days get longer, temperatures can rise relatively high; thunderstorms and heavy showers can develop occasionally. There is a fair chance of snow earlier in the season when temperatures are colder. Some of the country's heaviest snowfalls of recent years have happened in the first half of March and snow showers can occur infrequently until mid-April. Mean temperatures in Spring are markedly influenced by latitude. Most of the mountains are the coolest areas of Genovia, with average temperatures ranging from 8.8 to 10.3°C.
Summer lasts from June to September and is the warmest season. Climatic differences at this time of year are more influenced by latitude and temperatures are highest in southern and central areas and lowest in the north. Generally, summer temperatures seldom go above 35°C. The record maximum is 42°C recorded in Faversham, Oslo in August 2003.
Autumn in Genovia lasts from October to November. Genovia sometimes experiences an 'Indian Summer', where temperatures particularly by night can be very mild and rarely fall below 10°C. Such events are aided by the surrounding Drakian Sea being at their warmest, keeping the country in warm air, despite the relatively weak sun. Coastal areas in the northern half of Genovia have on average the warmest autumns, with mean temperatures of 10.7 to 13.0°C. Mountainous areas experience mean temperatures between 1.7 and 7.5°C.
Winter in Genovia is defined as lasting from December to February. The season is generally cold, snowy and icy. Temperatures at night rarely rise above −2°C and in the day rarely rise above 15°C. Towards the later part of the season the weather usually stabilises with less wind, less precipitation and lower temperatures. This change is particularly pronounced near the coasts. The early part of winter however is often unsettled and stormy; often the wettest and windiest time of the year.
Tackling Environmental Damage
Within Genovia, there are many Environmental Issues that the Government are trying to attend too. Many of them are from such things as pollution and climate change. The Government are instituting many new regulations to tackle these. As apart of the new 'Tackling the Damage Act' the Government are now putting a new tax on businesses that pollute the environment. The tax is set at 9.4% and is estimated to bring an extra ƒ3.2 Billion into the Government budget, which will go towards Green Energy Building. The 'Green Energy Building' has already started, with the Governmentcontacting Energizia Inc, to supply 65% of Genovia's energy. A contract is yet to be signed.
The Government are also introducing new traffic regulations in the cities of Trebursye, Venta Silurum, Doublebois, Havelock, Strasbourg and St Blazey. The regulations are traffic calming measures and to bring down the level of traffic and pollution. These regulations only allow public transport to used for four days a week. The Government have further regulated this to only allow; trams, buses, coaches and trains to be used. The buses, trams and coaches are expected to powered by hydrogen and electricity.
Until the 19th century there was little change to the Council of Nine, but there has since been a constant evolution of role and function in administrative districts. Change did not occur in a uniform manner and the devolution of power over local government to the different states means that future changes are unlikely to be uniform either.
The organisation of local government in Genovia is complex, with the distribution of functions varying according to local arrangements. Legislation concerning local government in Genovia is the responsibility of the People's Chamber and the Government of the Kingdom of Genovia. For local government purposes, Genovia is divided into 9 council areas, with wide variation in both size and population. The cities of Trebursye, Doublebois, Havelock, Strasbourg, Oslo, St Blazey, Gical, Truscott, Roche and Venta Silurum are separate council areas. Local councils are made up of elected Councillors, of whom there are currently 3,407 they are paid a part-time salary. Elections are conducted by single transferable vote in multi-member wards that elect either three or four Councillors. Each council elects a Provost, or Convenor, to chair meetings of the council and to act as a figurehead for the area. Councillors are subject to a code of conduct enforced by the Standards Commission for Councils.
Elections for the People's Chamber take place in constituencies. These are to be no more than 13,000 square kilometers and each elect on person to the People's Chamber. Currently, there are 848 seats in the People's Chamber.
The Kingdom of Genovia is a unitary state under a constitutional monarchy. King Augustus II is the head of state of Genovia as well as of ten other independent Commonwealth countries. The monarch has "the right to be consulted, the right to encourage, and the right to warn". The Constitution of the Kingdom of Genovia consists mostly of a collection of disparate written sources, including statutes, judge-made case law and international treaties, together with constitutional conventions. As there is no technical difference between ordinary statutes and "constitutional law", the Genovian Asgard can perform "constitutional reform" simply by passing Acts of Parliament, and thus has the political power to change or abolish almost any written or unwritten element of the constitution. However, no Asgard can pass laws that future Asgards cannot change.
Genovia has a parliamentary government based on the Westminster system that has been emulated around the world. The Asgard of the Kingdom of Genovia that meets in the Wellington House has two houses; an elected People's Chamber and an appointed King's Council. All bills passed are given Royal Assent before becoming law. The position of Prime Minister, the Genovia's head of government, belongs to the Member of Asgard who can obtain the confidence of a majority in the People's Chamber, usually the leader of the largest political party in that chamber. The Prime Minister chooses a cabinet and they are formally appointed by the Monarch to form His Majesty's Government. By convention, the King respects the Prime Minister's decisions of government.
Law and criminal justice
Genovia has over recent years introduced a new Supreme Court of Justice to replace the Appellate Committee of the Chamber of Councillors. The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, including the same members as the High Court of Justice, is the highest court of appeal for several independent Commonwealth countries. Genovian law, which applies in Genovia and Rabelliad are based on common-law principles. The essence of common law is that, subject to statute, the law is developed by judges in courts, applying statute, precedent and common sense to the facts before them to give explanatory judgements of the relevant legal principles, which are reported and binding in future similar cases (stare decisis). The courts of Genovia and Rabelliad are headed by the Senior Courts, consisting of the Court of Appeal, the High Court of Justice (for civil cases) and the Crown Court (for criminal cases). The Supreme Court of Justice is the highest court in the land for both criminal and civil appeal cases in Genovia and Rabelliad and any decision it makes is binding on every other court in the same jurisdiction, often having a persuasive effect in other jurisdictions.
Crime in Genovia and Rabelliad increased in the period between 1976 and 1985, though since that peak there has been an overall fall of 49% in crime, according to crime statistics. The prison population of Genovia and Rabelliad has almost doubled over the same period, to over 95,000. His Majesty's Prison Service, which reports to the Ministry of Justice, manages most of the prisons within Genovia and Rabelliad.
Genovia is a permanent member of the Stonewall Alliance, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Nations, and is a member state of the Valeria region. Genovia is said to have a "Special Relationship" with the Kingdom of San Pellegrino Romana and a close partnership with Noordeinde. Genovia's global presence and influence is further amplified through its trading relations, foreign investments, official development assistance and military engagements.
His Majesty's Armed Forces of Genovia - also known as His Majesty's Armed Forces or the Genovian Armed Forces – consist of three professional service branches: His Majesty's Army, His Majesty's Navy and His Majesty's Air Force. The forces are managed by the Ministry of Defence and controlled by the Defence Council, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence. The Supreme Commander-in-Chief is the Genovian Monarch, Augustus II, to whom members of the forces swear an Oath of Allegiance.
The Armed Forces are charged with protecting Genovia and its overseas territories, promoting Genovia's global security interests and supporting international peacekeeping efforts. They are active and regular participants in worldwide coalition operations. Overseas garrisons and facilities are maintained in a number of Commonwealth Realms and other 'friends'.