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|United Transetrurian Federation
Federazione Transetruriana Unita
Sjedinjene Prekoetruriska Federacija
Združena Čezetruriska Federacija
|Motto: "Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori"
"Sweet and honorable it is, to die for the fatherland"
|Anthem: I figli di Romolo
"Sons of Romulus"
Location of Etruria (in light green), within Euclea (light grey)
|Ethnic groups (2016)||71% Italian
|Religion||96% Poveglian Catholic
|Government||Constitutional parliamentary federal republic|
|-||First Citizen||Francesco Carcaterra|
|-||Second Citizen||Vittoria Vasari|
|-||President of the Senate||Ivano Balić|
|Legislature||Senate of the Federation|
|-||Upper house||State Council|
345,840 sq mi
|Currency||Etrurian florin (₣)|
|Drives on the||left|
Etruria, officially the United Transetrurian Federation or UTF (Etrurian: Federazione Transetruriana Unita; Novalian: Sjedinjene Prekoetruriska Federacija; Carinthian: Združena Čezetruriska Federacija) is a sovereign parliamentary federal republic, made up of three constituent republics: Vespasia, Novalia and Carinthia and six autonomous federal regions; Aeolia, Carvagna, Torrazza, Ossuccio, Istria and Ragazia. Etruria is located in southern Euclea. Its is bordered (clockwise) by Grubalevia to the north, Gaullica to the north-east, X to the east, Aquila to the south by maritime boundry and X to the west. Etruria is home to 65.5 million people, its federal capital and largest city is Vicalvi in Vespasia.
Since classical times, ancient X, X, and X established settlements along the coastal areas of Etruria, with Etrurians and X inhabiting the centre and north of Etruria (primarily Vespasia and Carinthia) respectively and various different ancient Vespasic peoples and tribes dispersed throughout the Vespasian coast and interior. The Eturian tribe known as the Alerians formed the Poveglian Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. Poveglia ultimately emerged as the dominant power in modern day Etruria and eventually the "XRegion" of "Xcontinent", becoming a leading cultural, political, and religious centre of XX civilisation.
During the Middle Ages, Etruria suffered sociopolitical collapse amid calamitous barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics rose in Vespasia to great prosperity through shipping, commerce, and banking, laying down the groundwork for modern capitalism, however the areas of modern Novalja and Carinthia continued to decline. These independent statelets often enjoyed a greater degree of democracy and wealth in comparison to the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout XXXX at the time. However by the 13th century, the Ecclesiastical States began to expand, conquering many of the statelets, uniting modern day Vespasia by the early 14th century.
The Renaissance reached Vespasia after spreading from XXX, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art. Vespasian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths such as "Great people". However the influence and commercial power of the maritime republics began to dominate the monarchies of the interior, culminating in Aeolia capturing Poeveglia and becoming the hegemon of the Vespasic city states.
By the mid-19th century, a rising movement in support of unification gained traction across Vespasia, leading to the Risurrezione in 1859. The Risurrezione saw the unification of Vespasia under the Aeolian Republic, which transitioned to an elected monarchy. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, the new Kingdom of Vespasia rapidly industrialised, although mainly in the south and center, and acquired a colonial empire, while the north remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation. As it grew, the kingdom expanded, annexing the nascent Republic of Carinthia in a bloodless invasion in 1889 and then Novalia in 1910 following the death of King Petar II. However by the late 1910s, economic stagnation, rising political unrest in the north and agitation by socialists undermined the monarchy, culminating the massacre of the royal family at Casa della Luna Blu. Seizing on the chaos, ultranationalists with the support of army generals and thousands of peasants and workers, captured Poveglia and proclaimed a "democratic union". A new constitution was produced, with the country federalised, granting greater autonomy to Vespasia, Novalia and Carinthia, as well as recognising the autonomy of several former statelets within Vespasia.
Throughout the 20th century, the new federation focused on industrialising and modernising its most backward areas, becoming a major developed country by the 1990s, though not without political turmoil (the Insanguinato Estate, San Paolo Incident and the Vespucci Scandal). The 1980s saw a surge in Novalian and Carinthian nationalism, leading the 1986 Crisis, but this was overcome and the federation was re-affirmed. The 21st century saw a greater shift in society towards more left-wing positions and a prominent rise in left-wing nationalist and right-wing populist politics, leading to the landslide victory of the Tribune Movement party in the 2016 general election, which brings a leftist-populist ideology into government.
Today, Etruria has the XX economy in XXXXXX and the XX largest in the world. It has a very high level of human development and is ranked XXX in the world for life expectancy.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Foreign relations and military
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
The assumptions on the etymology of the name "Etruria" are very numerous and the corpus of the solutions proposed by historians and linguists is very wide. Many historians note that the Etrurian mountain range that extends across northern Etruria and rising up east of Sea/Lake X then southwards along the border with Sardenya were prominent features of Vespasic faiths in ancient history. Etruria in ancient Vespasic (Etrúra) meant "Sacred Rock" and since the Aventine mountains meet the Etrurians roughly in the central region of the north and push south towards the X Sea, many historians surmise that as the Vespasic tribes expanded, they considered the Aventines and the Etrurians to be one and the same and extended the name Etrúra to the rest of the country. As Vespasic developed into latin, Etrúra evolved into Etruria and the name has remained in use since.
The term Transetruria or Transetrurian was only introduced in the 19th century to refer to Vespasia and its territories in Carinthia and Novalia and remained in use within officialdom, eventually being adopted as the official title of the federation in 1921, as a means of unifying the three constituent states.
Excavations throughout Etruria revealed a hominid presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, some 210,000 years ago, modern Humans appeared about 48,000 years ago. Much of the pre-history presence is concentrated around the Poveglian Basin in the north and the Alluvian plains in southern Etruria.
The Ancient peoples of pre-Solarian Etruria– such as the Torians, the Vepasii (from which the Solarians emerged), Vicalvii, Otians, Samanians, Sorines, the Guallics, the Suratii, and many others. Other peoples were identified as the primarily mountainous, Novarians, Carumnii and the southern and coastal focused Aeoluii.
Between the 17th and the 11th centuries BC XX established contacts with Etruria and in the 8th and 7th centuries BC a number of XX colonies were established all along the coast of Vespasia and the southern part of the Aeolian Peninsula, that became known as XX. During this time, the Vespasii were rapidly growing in and around what would become Solaria, while north of them, the Vicalvii had cleared land around the seven-hills of Vicalvus.
Ancient Solaria and Vicalvus
Solaria, a settlement on the coast of the Bay of Lasa Vecuvia conventionally founded in 757 BC, was ruled for a period of 239 years by a monarchical system, initially with sovereigns of Vespasii and Torian origin, later by Vicalvii kings. The tradition handed down seven kings: Romulus, Verus Tanis, Horius Antonius, Marcus Marcellius, Eugenius Prascus, Ceserius Tullius and Hadrianus Lutorius. In 511 BC, the Solarians expelled the last Vicalvii king from their city and established an oligarchic republic.
To the north of Solaria, Viclavus, a settlement built around the ford of the Metaia River rapidly grew under a series of successive kings, it dramatically expanded its territories to cover the entire Vicalvian Plain. Vicalvus' dominant position allowed it to influence Solaria until the expulsion of Hadrianus Lutorius. With the establishment of the Solarian Republic, Vicalvus found a serious challenger to domination over southern Vespasia. The two cities would fight numerous wars known as the Wars of the Two Cities, the wars ended in 256 BC when Vicalvus was defeated at the Battle of Veii, resulting in the city's annexation by Solaria. Vicalvii culture would fuse with Solarian, creating the long-lasting Solarian culture that spread with the empire's growth. The Solarian Republic until the first century B.C. would expand to encompass all of modern day Etruria and western Florena, crossing the Solarian sea to establish colonies on the coasts of XX and XX by 89 BC.
In the wake of rebellion by Tarchon Parusna in the first century B.C., Solaria grew over the course of centuries into a massive empire stretching from XX to the borders of XX, and engulfing the whole Solarian and Mazdan basins, in which the Vicalvii-Solarian and Helleneo and many other cultures merged into a unique civilisation. The Solarian Peninsula was named Etruria was declared "Terra Saena" (Sacred Soil), granting special status compared to other imperial provinces. The long and triumphant reign of the first emperor, Tarvinius, began a golden age of peace and prosperity.
The Solarian Empire was among the most powerful economic, cultural, political and military forces in the world of its time. It was one of the largest empires in world history. At its height under Velturius, it covered 5 million square kilometres. The Solarian legacy has deeply influenced the Euclean civilisation, shaping most of the modern world; among the many legacies of Solarian dominance are the widespread use of the Vespasic languages derived from Vepsasii, the numerical system, the modern Western alphabet and calendar, and the emergence of Christianity as a major world religion.
Decline and end...
After the fall of the Solarian Empire, Etruria fragmented, falling to both domestic and foreign rule, from north Gaullic and Marolev tribes advanced south to dominate much of the country, ending political unity in Etruria for the next 1,300 years. In the south, the Papacy in Solaria emerged as an independent force, using wealth and political maneuverings to coalesce the small fiefdoms around the city under its control, while in the north, the city of Poveglia which maintained some semblance of the former Empire slowly guaranteed its independence and moved to expand its own territory.
It was during this chaotic era that Vespasian towns saw the rise of a peculiar institution, the medieval commune. Given the power vacuum caused by extreme territorial fragmentation and the struggle between these polities and the growing power of the Papacy, local communities sought autonomous ways to maintain law and order, this gave way to numerous city-states and small states.
In coastal and southern areas, the maritime republics grew to eventually dominate the Solarian Sea and monopolise trade routes to between Euclea and northern Coius. They were independent thalassocratic city-states. All these cities during the time of their independence had similar systems of government in which the merchant class had considerable power. Although in practice these were oligarchical, and bore little resemblance to a modern democracy, the relative political freedom they afforded was conducive to academic and artistic advancement.
The four most prominent maritime republics were Poveglia, Accadia, Casperia and Valestra, while less known are Apricena, Leverano and Andrano. Poveglia and Accadia were Euclea's prominent gateways to trade with the South, and a producer of fine glass, while Stazzona was a capital of silk, wool, banks and jewelry. The wealth such business brought to Vespasia meant that large public and private artistic projects could be commissioned. While Vespasia was predominately fractured and balkanised, Novalia and Carinthia rapidly united into the current forms under monarchies. These two kingdoms would maintain their independence and form until the early 18th century, when their conquest by the Floren Empire under Nèstor Pereramon, then the eventual unification of Etruria under Poveglia following Pereremon's death.
In the 14th and 15th centuries, Etruria was divided into numerous warring states, the most powerful of these being Poveglia, Andria, Accadia, Carvagna and the Ecclesiastical States. This time was marked by the fierce rivalry between Poveglia, Accadia and Carvagna. The remaining states usually be fluid alliances preserved their independence form the major states, while others used marriages and lucrative trade to gain favour. The strongest among these city-states gradually absorbed the surrounding territories giving birth to the Signorie, regional states often led by merchant families which founded local dynasties. War between the city-states was endemic, and primarily fought by armies of mercenaries known as "Soldati di Ventura", bands of soldiers drawn from around Euclea, especially Gaullica and the neighboring Floren states, led largely by Vespasian captains. However, Poveglia and the Ecclesiastical States were the only two states known to use domestically raised forces during war. Decades of fighting eventually saw Stazzona, Andria and Poveglia emerged as the dominant players that agreed to the Concordat of Lake Imperia in 1489, which saw relative calm brought to the region for the first time in centuries. This peace would hold for the next forty years. Prior to the Lake Imperia Peace, the 1470s and 1480s were dominated by Poveglian expansion along the Vespasian coastline, frequent clashes between Carvagna and Torrazza and Papal conflict with Novalia.
Return of democracy
Etruria is located in Southern Euclea. To the north, Etruria borders Gaullica which is dominated by the Aventine Mountaines which also encloses the Eugenian Plain to the east, which borders Florena. The Aventine Mountains are met in the north by the Etrurian Mountains which run through roughly centrally through the country to the south, flanked on both sides by wide plains, which however are marked by hilly regions, before dropping in altitude along the coasts. In the north are two major lakes, Lake Imperia and Lake Jovia. Etruria is also includes four large islands; Aeolia, Asinara, Pantelleria and Gianutri, and numerous smaller islands.
The country's total area is 895,724 square kilometres (345,840 sq mi). Including the islands, Etruria has a coastline of XXXX kilometres (XXXX miles) on the X, X, X seas.
The Aventine Mountains form Etruria's backbone and the Eturians form most of its northern and eastern boundary, Etruria's highest point is located on Monte Tinia (4,810 m or 15,780 ft) in the northern reaches of the range. The Volterra, Etruria's longest river (1,114 kilometres or 692 miles), flows from the Etrurians on the northern border with Guallica and crosses the Novalian plain on its way to the Solarian Sea. The five largest lakes are, in order of diminishing size: Imperia (1,000 km2 or 386 sq mi), Jovia (212.51 km2 or 82 sq mi), San Paolo (145.9 km2 or 56 sq mi), San Pietro (124.29 km2 or 48 sq mi) and Balestra (113.55 km2 or 44 sq mi).
The country is situated at the meeting point of the XXX Plate and the XXX Plate, leading to considerable seismic and volcanic activity. There are 17 volcanoes in Etruria, three of which are active: Vosca, Stalleria, Vesano and Veturius, which last erupted in 2015.
Government and politics
Etruria is a federation with a parliamentary system governed under the 1921 Constitution, recently amended in 2017, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. Unlike other presidential republics the First Citizen is both head of state and head of government, and depends for his tenure on the confidence of Parliament. It is a constitutional federal republic and representative democracy, in which "majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law". Federalism in Etruria defines the power distribution between the federal government and the constituent states. The government abides by constitutional checks and balances, which however have never been considered overly strong. The Constitution of Etruria, which came into effect on 1 January 1921, states in its preamble that Etruria is "a sovereign, Solarian Catholic democratic republic and union of three states". Etruria's form of government, traditionally described as "quasi-federal" with a strong centre and weak constituent states, has grown increasingly federal since the late 1980s as a result of political agitation at the constituent level.
Branches of government
Executive: The First Citizen of Etruria is the head of state and head of government and is supported by the party or political alliance holding the majority of seats in the lower house of parliament. The executive branch of the Etrurian government consists of the first citizen, the second citizen, and the Council of Ministers—the cabinet being its executive committee—headed by the first citizen. The first citizen is mandated to select his deputy and his Council of Ministers, however the cabinet must receive the confidence of the state council to be confirmed. Any minister holding a portfolio must be a member of one of the houses of congress. In the Etrurian parliamentary system, the executive is subordinate to the legislature; the president and his council are directly responsible to the lower house of the congress (the senate).
The First Citizen and the Cabinet may be removed by the United Congress by a motion of no confidence. There are no term limits for the First Citizenship.
Tribune Movement (194)
People's Opposition (99)
Citizens' Alliance (71)
Workers and Farmers Union (14)
Etrurian Greens (11)
Tribune Movement (398)
People's Opposition (282)
Citizens' Alliance (174)
Workers and Farmers Union (74)
Etrurian Greens (11)
Democratic Alternative for Etruria (7)
Etrurian Federalist Party (7)
Etrurian Socialist Party (5)
Popular Renewal (4)
Legislature: the legislative branch of Etruria is based on the adversarial model of parliament, as such the federal legislature is parliamentary. The United Congress of the Federation is split into two houses: the State Council and the Senate. The Senate is the lower house and is the more powerful. The State Council is the upper house and although it can vote to amend proposed laws, the Senate can only vote to overrule its amendments should the state council reject the bill more than twice. Although the State Council can introduce bills, most important laws are introduced in the Senate – and most of those are introduced by the government, which schedules the vast majority of parliamentary time in the Senate. Parliamentary time is essential for bills to be passed into law, because they must pass through a number of readings before becoming law. Prior to introducing a bill, the government may run a public consultation to solicit feedback from the public and businesses, and often may have already introduced and discussed the policy in the president's State of the Union address, or in an election manifesto or party platform.
The Senate has 680 voting members, each representing a senatorial district for a four-year term without term limits. Senate seats are apportioned on the basis of population, with Vespasia holding 480, Novalja holding 145 and Carinthia holding 55.
The State Council has 290 members, with each constituent state providing 90 representatives each. All state councillors are elected for parallel terms to the Senate. The duty of the senate is to scrutinise all legislation, confirm appointments and ratify all international agreements. The State Council is able to table legislation over certain issues, these being; the constitution, limits of federal power, the separation between state and federal power, foreign policy and defence.
The political parties of Etruria operate at all three levels, federal, national constituent and local, however some parties operate exclusively at the constituent level. Nationally, the country is dominated by the Tribune Movement, a left-wing nationalist and populist party that won a landslide in the 2016 general election. The main opposition party is the centrist Citizens' Alliance, followed by the centre-right Etrurian Federalist Party, minor parties include the Novalian dominated Workers and Farmers Union, the Etrurian Socialist Party and the Etrurian Greens.
At the constituent level, Vespasia is dominated by the Tribune Movement, with the Citizens' Alliance being the other party represented in the Vespasian Assembly, this corresponds at the local level also. In Novalia, the country is dominated by the Workers and Farmers Union, although it has an legislative cooperation agreement with its branch of the PSP. In Carinthia, the state is also dominated by the Tribune Movement, being the region that first saw its breakthrough at the state-level.
Internally, the Transetrurian Federation is divided into three constituent republics and one Autonomous Federal Region within the United Republic of Vespasia. The federal capital is Poveglia. All states, as well as the Autonomous Federal Region, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the national model. Each state is further divided into regions and they in turn are divided into Comuni.
In order of population, the states are:
|United Republic of Vespasia||Poveglia||53,761,103
|Republic of Novalia||Vilanija||9,603,451|
|State of Carinthia||Praproče||5,231,529|
The 1921 Constitution and more specifically the 1986 Convention Amendment laid out more clearly the federal system of Etruria, openly stating that His Holiness' Government is the governing authority of a federal union of 3 states and 1 autonomous region.
The government of Etruria is based on a 3 tiered system, in which the Constitution of Etruria delineates the subjects on which each tier of government has executive powers. The Constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government, the Federal Government (also known as the Union-State), representing the nation. Later, a third tier was added in the form of Municipalities. In the current arrangement, Article 15 of the constitution delimits the subjects of each level of governmental jurisdiction, dividing them into three lists:
- National List: includes subjects of national importance such as defence of the country, foreign affairs, banking, communications and currency. The Federal Government alone can make laws relating to the subjects mentioned in the National List.
- Constituent State List: contains subjects of State and local importance such as police, trade, commerce, agriculture and irrigation. The State Governments alone can make laws relating to the subjects mentioned in the State List.
- Concurrent List: includes subjects of common interest to both the Federal Government as well as the State Governments, such as education, forest, trade unions, marriage, adoption and succession. Both the Federal as well as the State Governments can make laws on the subjects mentioned in this list. If their laws conflict with each other, the law made by the Federal Government will prevail.
- Autonomous List: in effect replicates the constituent state list for the autonomous federal regions, with the concurrent list subordinated to ensure the constituent state's laws prevail over the AFR's.
Foreign relations and military
The Etrurian Land Force, Etrurian Naval Force, Etrurian Air Force and the Auxiliary Defence Force collectively form the Etrurian Defence Force, under the Supreme Command (Commando Supremo), presided over by the First Citizen of Etruria. The armed forces is both voluntary and conscripted, as of 2016 the armed forces had 385,600 active personnel and 550,000 reserve, with a defence budget of $60.79 billion.
The final branch of the armed forces is the Auxiliary Defence Force, which is a popular militia that also serves as the country's gendarme in times of national emergency. The ADF is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior during peace-time and in war-time, it is subordinate to the Supreme Command. As of 2016, the ADF had a strength of 55,000 active members and an estimated 255,000 reserve members. Since 2010, the ADF has also served as an emergency response force, assisting in the aftermaths of earthquakes. Most recently several ADF units were engaging in confronting several separatist movements in Carinthia and Marolev-ethnic armed groups, including the Battle of Starše in 2011.
Etruria is the world's nth largest economy as of 2017, with a nominal GDP of approximately $1.025 trillion. Etruria has a capitalist mixed economy. The GDP per capita as of 2017 is $15,637 (nominal) and $27,984 (PPP). Etruria has emerged as a leading country in world trade and exports, it still records strong growths in manufacturing, indicative of its recent upgrade from a newly-industrialised economy in 1998. It is a well-developed country, with the world's nth highest quality of life in 2015 and the nth Human Development Index. The country is well known for its creative and innovative business, its state supported manufacturing sector, a large and competitive agricultural sector (Etruria is the world's nth largest wine producer), and for its influential and high-quality automobile, machinery, food, design and fashion industry. Since 2003, it has become a strong producer of commercial aircraft, with the company Caviglia Aeronautics becoming a major world brand.
Etruria has a strong mining sector, focused on mining coal, tungsten and several rare earth elements such as cobalt, coltan, cassiterite and ores of tantalum and tin. However this deposits have reduced in size, limiting the role mining plays within the Etrurian economy.
Etruria is one of the world's largest manufacturing countries, characterised by a smaller number of global multinational corporations than other economies of comparable size and a large number of dynamic small and medium-sized enterprises, notoriously clustered in several industrial districts, which are the backbone of the Etrurian industry. This has produced a manufacturing sector often focused on the export of niche market and luxury products which focuses on high quality products, however since the early 2000s, the Etrurian economy has pushed for cheaper goods production in Novalia and Carinthia where wages are lower. Etruria has the highest levels of economic growth in southern Euclea, growing on average between 4.5%-5.5% between 2003 and 2017.
The Etrurian economy has been noted to suffer from extensive levels of corruption in civil and political society, which at times has hindered foreign investment. Efforts to confront corruption during the 1990-2016 period were often described as "lackluster" by domestic and foreign commentators. Further issues include Intellectual Property theft, weak business and investment protection laws and weaker auditing systems. Since 2016, efforts to confront these systemic issues has gained pace.
Etruria has a sizeable automotive industry, which produced over 1.3 million motor vehicles in 2015, ranking as the Nth largest producer in the world. Etrurian shipbuilding exports were worth $4.2 billion in 2016, through Nettuno Nazionale Marittimo and Arsenale di Poveglia Unito. Etrurian shipyards have 18 floating docks of different sizes and six dry docks. Centuripe, Accadia, and Solaria have developed into dynamic shipbuilding centres. In 2016, there were 111 active shipyards in Etruria, with another 33 being built, including a major expansion of the drydocks in Turania. Etrurian shipyards are highly regarded both for the production of chemical and oil tankers up to 10,000 dwt and also for their mega yachts and passenger cruises.
Etrurian brands like Casa and N&Z are among the largest producers of consumer electronics and home appliances in Euclea, and invest a substantial amount of funds for research and development in new technologies related to these fields.
Etruria also possesses the Caviglia Group, a conglomerate which includes Caviglia Aeronautica and Caviglia Rotaia, which manufacture aircraft and locomotives respectively. Caviglia Aeronautica for its part has become one of the largest producers of regional-range and private aircraft, with government support in 2016 it revealed its first trans-oceanic passenger aircraft.
Other key sectors of the Etrurian economy are banking, construction, home appliances, electronics, textiles, oil refining, petrochemical products, food, mining, iron and steel, and machine industry. In 2010, the agricultural sector accounted for 9 percent of GDP, while the industrial sector accounted for 28 percent and the services sector for 64 percent. However, agriculture still accounted for a quarter of employment, by 2016 this had fallen to 18%. Etrurian manufacturers receive significant support from the federal government, through competitive grants, direct investment and energy subsidies, this level of state-aid has led to the establishment of several major national champions.
Etruria is the Nth most visited country in the world, with a total of 50.3 million international arrivals in 2016. The total contribution of travel & tourism to GDP (including wider effects from investment, the supply chain and induced income impacts) was ₣122.7bn in 2017 (10.1% of GDP) and generated 1,082,000 jobs directly in 2017 (4.8% of total employment).
Etruria is well known for its cultural and environmental tourist routes. Vicalvi is the 6th most visited city in Euclea and the 15th in the world, with an average of 7.65 million international arrivals in 2016 while San Alessandro is the 8th and 16th resptectively, with 7.12 million toruists. In addition, Poveglia and Stazzona are also among the world's top 100 destinations. The tourism industry saw significant state and federal investment during the 1980s and 1990s, with the subsidised construction of hundreds of resorts and hotels across the country.
According to the last national agricultural census, there were 1.9 million farms in 2010 (−22.4% since 2000) covering 14.7 million hectares (63% of which are located in Southern Vespasia and Novalia). The vast majority (80%) are family-operated and small, averaging only 8 hectares in size, the remaining 20% are Government-supported Cooperatives covering up to 100 hectares. Of the total surface area in agricultural use (forestry excluded), grain fields take up 31%, olive tree orchards 8.2%, vineyards 5.4%, citrus orchards 3.8%, sugar beets 1.7%, and horticulture 2.4%. The remainder is primarily dedicated to pastures (25.9%) and feed grains (11.6%).
Etruria is one of the world's top wine producer, and one of the leading in olive oil, fruits (apples, olives, grapes, oranges, lemons, pears, apricots, hazelnuts, peaches, cherries, plums, strawberries and kiwifruits), and vegetables (especially artichokes and tomatoes). The most famous Etrurian wines are probably the Cavantine Chianti and the Poveglian Barolo. Other famous wines are Marollesco, Balboni d'Revi, Amacini, Farinacci della Valle, Frutto di Bacco, Vossecello, and the sparkling wines Gennarollo and Terrasocco. Quality goods in which Etruria specialises, particularly the already mentioned wines and regional cheeses, are often protected under federal quality assurance labels.
In 2014 the transport sector in Etruria generated a turnover of about ₣119.4 billion, employing 935,700 persons in 153,700 enterprises. Regarding the national road network, in 2012 there were 668,721 km (415,524 mi) of serviceable roads in Etruria, including 7,487 km (4,652 mi) of motorways, state-owned but privately operated by Genesi. In 2015, about 34,667,000 passenger cars (590 cars per 1,000 people) and 4,015,000 goods vehicles circulated on the national road network.
The national railway network, state-owned and operated by Amministrazione Ferroviaria Federale Etruria, in 2006 totalled 16,529 km (10,271 mi) of which 11,727 km (7,287 mi) is electrified, and on which 4,802 locomotives and railcars run.
The national inland waterways network comprised 1,977 km (1,228 mi) of navigable rivers and channels in 2002. In 2014 there were approximately 30 main airports ,including the two hubs of Ravello International in Castello Nero and Pietramontecorvino International in Vicalvi, and 43 major seaports, including the seaport of Accadia, the country's largest and second largest in the Solarian Sea. In 2015 Etruria maintained a civilian air fleet of about 389,000 units and a merchant fleet of 581 ships.
Etruria as of 2016 required to import 80% of its energy requirements, this fell to 70% in 2018 with the completion of six major windfarms and improvements to efficiency in domestic production.
Etruria does not invest enough to maintain its drinking water supply. The Acqua per la Vita Law, passed in 1999, aimed at raising the level of investment and to improve service quality by consolidating service providers, making them more efficient and increasing the level of cost recovery through tariff revenues. Despite these reforms, investment levels have declined and remain far from sufficient. This has caused significant problems in the Poveglian Basin and Novalian Valleys during hot summers, with water shortages often being recorded. In 2017, the Etrurian government launched the Sicurezza dell'Acqua project aimed at modernising pumps, expanding access to aquifers and re-routing rivers and streams for greater access.
Science and technology
The constitution of the Etruria recognises "nations" (nazioni) and "nationalities" (nazionalità) separately; the former included the constituent state peoples, while the latter included other non-federation ethnic groups such as Hellenics, Gaullicans and immigrants from select countries; however to be recognised as a nationality, a minority must exceed 150,000 citizens. The three "nations" recognised are the Vespasians, Novalians and Carinthians whilst Hellenic, Gaullican, Floren and Evorian nationalities are recognised.
There is also an Etrurian ethnic designation, for the people who want to identify with the entire country, including people who were born to parents in mixed marriages.
According to the 2013 census, X% were identified as Vespasian, X% were identified as Novalian, X% were identified as Carinthian and X% were recognised as "other"; of which included x% identified as XXian, x% identified as XXian and x% identified as XXian. However of these groups, 69.6% identified themselves as Etrurian, rather than their ethnic group.
The population of Etruria speaks mainly three languages: Vespasian, Novalian and Carinthian. The Vespasian language was spoken by all the constituent republics either as a first language (in Vespasia's case) or as the second language, Novalian is spoken primarily in Novalia and Carinthian in Carinthia.
Both Novalian and Carinthian belong to the same language group and are thus similar, allowing most people from the two areas to understand each other. Due to this, schools in both Novalia and Carinthia opt to teach Vespasian as the primary language for secondary use over their respective languages. As such, Vespasian is the second language of 88.5% of Novalia and Carinthia combined, whilst Novalian is spoke as a second language by 62% of Vespasians and Carinthian at 30%. Vespasian is widely recognised as the lingua-franca in official circles.
The Novalian language was adapted for use of the Latin alphabet to be used more efficiently with both Vespasian and Carinthian, use of Cyrillic was banned in 1922 to limit ways of separatists of Novalian nationalists from expressing their ideas.
While Etruria is a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual state, religion remains not only limited in diversity, but also a source of criticism and controversy. 91.7% of the population are recorded as practicing Solarian Catholics, the overwhelming dominance of Catholicism, while historically rooted, especially in the long-standing residence of the Holy See within the boundaries of Solaria, is also explained through centuries of state-backed protection of the Catholic faith.
From 1765 until 1983, non-Catholics were barred from working in the federal civil service, while similar bans were enacted in Novalia and Vespasia at the state-level. While the 1983 constitution recognised minority faiths as “integral traditions of the nation”, it failed deliver set equality. Today, this legalistic discrimination remains a source of contention, while Carinthia’s state government has re-introduced restrictions on the number of non-Catholics employed by state services.
Despite the presence of restrictions on employment, there remains some sizeable religions minorities. The largest religious minority is Epismialism, approximately 4.43% of the population are recorded as adherents. Epismialists face the strongest levels of legalistic discrimination, which also rooted in long-standing discrimination toward the Marolev and Hellenic minorities. The Epismialist population is densely concentrated in south-western Etruria, in line with the geographic distribution of the Marolev population.
The next largest faith is Atudaism at 2.66%, Vespasia has always held a significant Atudite population from ancient Solaria through to the Reniassance. The vast majority of the country’s Atudite population reside in and around Solaria, over 45,000 live in the Quartiere Atudito (Atudite Quarter), a cosmopolitan and wealthy suburb of the city. The Atudites are the only significant non-Catholic population to not face legalistic discrimination.
The third largest religious minority are classified as the “Protestante-Riformista” (Protestant-Reformist), and includes Pentecostals, Evangelicas, Jehovah Witnesses, Waldensians, Seventh-day Adventists, Mormons, Baptists, Lutherans and Methodists. Since they are not recorded as individual faiths, collectively they represent 1.04% of the population.
The smallest religious minority are Athiests, at 0.17%. Atheists also face some discrimination, with Atheists being banned from teaching up until 1999, however repeated efforts have been made in Novalia and Vespasia to restore the ban, with many state-level politicians claiming that Atheists "make bad teachers."
Education in Etruria is free and mandatory from ages six to eighteen, and consists of five stages: kindergarten (scuola dell'infanzia), primary school (scuola primaria), lower secondary school (scuola secondaria di primo grado), upper secondary school (scuola secondaria di secondo grado) and university (università).
Primary education lasts eight years. The students are given a basic education in Vespasian, another federal language (either Novalian or Carinthian), mathematics, natural sciences, history, geography, social studies, religious studies, physical education and visual and musical arts. Secondary education lasts for five years and includes three traditional types of schools focused on different academic levels: the liceo prepares students for university studies with a classical or scientific curriculum, while the istituto tecnico and the Istituto professionale prepare pupils for vocational education. A wide gap exists between Vespasian schools, which performed significantly better than the national average (among the best in the world in some subjects), and schools in Novalia and Carinthia, that had much poorer results.
Tertiary education in Etruria is divided between public universities, private universities and the prestigious and selective superior graduate schools, such as the Scuola Normale Superiore di Urbisalia and prestigious Church run academies such as the Scuola del Corpo di Cristo and Accademia degli Apostoli. The university system in Etruria is regarded as highly elitist and divided by quality and funding, however the new government in 2016 has announced major reforms of the university system and greater federal funding for struggling universities in Novalia and Carinthia.
The Eturian federal state runs a universal public healthcare system since 1956. However, healthcare is provided to all citizens and residents by a mixed public-private system. The public part is the Servizio Sanitario Federale, which is organised under the Ministry of Health and administered on the constituent-state basis. Since 1994, the SSF has been greatly devolved, in which public healthcare is provided directly to the most deprived areas of the country, where citizens can't afford health-insurance. And since 2003, the SSF has been charged with managing funding for the state-level services. Life expectancy in Etruria is 80 for males and 85 for females (however it averages at 76 for males and 78 for females in Novalia), placing the country nth in the world for life expectancy. Etruria has a relatively low rate of adult obesity (below 10%), probably thanks to the health benefits of the mediterranean diet and an extensive government led and organised public exercise regime. The proportion of daily smokers was 28% in 2012, up from 24.4% in 2000. Smoking in public places including bars, restaurants, night clubs and offices has been restricted to specially ventilated rooms since 2005.
Largest cities or towns in Etruria
As a multicultural society, Etruria is based on the concept of brotherhood and unity, as such the country is presented to its people as a nation dedicated to creating a just, harmonious, Catholic country. Artists from different ethnicities in the country are popular amongst other ethnicities, and the film industry in Etruria is notable for its nationalist overtones in terms of presenting Etruria, rather than the individual constituent states. The film and music industry since 2016 has come under greater supervision and scrutiny by the federal government, as it seeks to clamp down on internal nationalism, whilst promoting Etrurian nationalism.
Due to the nature of the federation, Etruria's culture is the product of numerous influences. Whilst Vespasia is the per-emeninent source of the Mediterranean culture, which has dramatically influenced both Novalia and Carinthia, yet both Novalia and Carinthia are influenced by both Slavic and Gothic cultures.
Arts and literature
Citizens of Etruria enjoy a large number of public holidays, officially known as Federal Holidays. The origins of the holidays are varied; some are cultural holidays, steeped in Eturian history, while a majority are derived from the Solarian tradition, and others are derived from the country's modern history. There are currently 19 official public holidays, all of which are non-working day
|Date||Estmerish name||Official Etrurian name||Remarks|
|1 January||New Year's Day||Capodanno|
|10 February||Rivodutri Victory||Vittoria Rivodutri||Final battle of the Great War, resulting in a victory over Gaullica|
|25 March||Feast of the Annunciation||Festa dell'Annunciazione|
|movable Friday||Good Friday||Buon Venerdì||The Friday before Easter Sunday|
|movable Saturday||Holy Saturday||Santo Sabato||The Saturday before Easter Sunday|
|movable Sunday||Easter Sunday||Domenica di Pasqua||First Sunday after the Ecclesiastical full moon that occurs on or soonest after 21 March|
|movable Thursday||Feast of the Ascension||Festa dell'Ascensione||40 days after Easter|
|movable Sunday||Pentecost||Pentecoste||50 Days after Easter|
|moveable Friday||Feast of the Sacred Heart||Festa del Sacro Cuore||19 Days after Pentecost|
|1 May||International Workers' Day||Festa del Lavoro (or Festa dei Lavoratori)|
|4 June||Liberation and Unification Day||Liberazione e Unificazione||Celebrates the unification of modern day Etruria following the Pereramonic Wars|
|15 August||Ferragosto/Assumption Day||Ferragosto or Assunzione|
|24 August||Day of Serenity/Union Day||Giorno della Serenità or Giorno Unione||Birth of the Etrurian Federation, 1913|
|1 November||All Saints' Day||Tutti i santi (or Ognissanti)|
|26 November||Sons of Romulus Day||Figli di Giorno Romolo||Celebration of the Etrurian Armed Forces, on the same day that the Etrurian Social State surrendered following the Solarian War, 1946|
|8 December||Immaculate Conception||Immacolata Concezione (or just Immacolata)|
|25 December||Christmas Day||Natale|
|26 December||St. Stephen's Day||Santo Stefano|