Union of Christian States
|The Union of Christian States
|Motto: "One Nation, Under Christ"|
|Largest city||Houston, Texas|
|Official languages||De facto: English|
|Recognised regional languages||
|Government||Federal presidential constitutional republic|
|-||Vice President||Joseph Partain|
|-||Speaker of the House||John Louis|
|-||Chief Justice||Micheal Robertson|
|-||Lower house||House of Representatives|
Independence from the United States
|-||Declaration||January 21st, 1799|
|-||Constitution||June 21, 1804|
|-||Recognized by Great Britain||August 21, 1803|
|-||Joined the League of Christian Nations||November 9th 1945|
|-||Total Area||1,739,884 km2
1,081,114 sq mi
|GDP (nominal)||2016 estimate|
|HDI (2015)|| 0.901
|Currency||Christian Dollar (C$) (CD)|
|Time zone||(UTC−5 to −7)|
|-||Summer (DST)||(UTC−4 to −6)|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||UCS|
|Internet TLD||.ucs .gov .mil .edu .lcn .com|
|a.||^ English is the official language of all states. French is a de facto language in the state of Louisiana, while New Mexico state law grants Spanish a special status. English is the de facto language of the Christian States' government and the sole language spoken at home by 80 percent of Christian Unionists aged five and older. All states have made English an official language. Other official languages include Carolinian and French.|
The Union of Christian States (UCS), commonly referred to as the Christian States (C.S.), is a federal republic consisting of 14 states. The 13 Contiguous states are in central North America between Chemung, Vos Istra, Sequoyia, and Mexico. The state of Puerto Rico is an island on the border of the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Eurasia to what is now the U.C.S. mainland at least 15,000 years ago, with European colonization beginning in the 16th century. The Christian States emerged from 7 British colonies located along the East and Golf Coasts. Disputes between Great Britain and the colonies led to the Union Revolution. On July 4, 1799, as the colonies were fighting Great Britain in the Union Revolutionary War, delegates from the 7 colonies unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence. The war ended in 1803 with recognition of the independence of the Christian States by the Kingdom of Great Britain, and was the first successful war of independence against a European colonial empire. The current constitution was adopted in 1804, after the Plan of Union, adopted in 1799, was felt to have provided inadequate federal powers.
The Christian States embarked on a vigorous expansion across Southeastern North America throughout the 19th century, displacing Native American tribes, acquiring new territories, and gradually admitting new states until it encompassed the Southeastern quarter of the continent by 1849. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Emancipation Movements led to the end of legal slavery in the country. By the end of that century, the Christian States extended into the Caribbean Sea, and its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–Union War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The Christian States emerged from World War II as a global power.
The Christian States is a developed country and has one of the world's largest economy by nominal and real GDP, benefiting from an abundance of natural resources and high worker productivity. While the UCS economy is considered post-industrial, the country continues to be one of the world's largest manufacturers. It is an economic and military power, a prominent political and cultural force, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
Geography, climate, and environment
The land area of the contiguous Christian States is 1,077,599 square miles (2.8 Mm2). The coastal plain of the Atlantic seaboard gives way further inland to deciduous forests and the rolling hills of the Piedmont. The Appalachian Mountains divide the eastern seaboard from the grasslands of the Midwest. The Mississippi River, the world's fourth longest river, runs mainly north–south through the heart of the country. The flat, fertile prairie of the Great Plains stretches to the west, interrupted by a highland region in the southeast. The Rocky Mountains, at the western edge of the nation, extend north to south across the country, reaching altitudes higher than 14,000 feet (4.3 km).
The Christian States, with its large size and geographic variety, includes most climate types. In the east, the climate ranges from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical in the south. The southern tip of Florida is tropical, as is Puerto Rico. The Great Plains i the west are semi-arid. Much of the Western mountains have an alpine climate. Extreme weather is not uncommon—the states bordering the Gulf of Mexico are prone to hurricanes, and most of the world's tornadoes occur within the country, mainly in Tornado Alley areas in the South.
Government and politics
The Christian States is one of the world's newest federations. It is a constitutional republic and representative democracy, in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law. The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. For 2016, the U.C.S. ranked 19th on the Democracy Index and 17th on the Corruption Perceptions Index.
In the Christian federalist system, citizens are usually subject to three levels of government: federal, state, and local. The local government's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments. In almost all cases, executive and legislative officials are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district. There is no proportional representation at the federal level, and it is rare at lower levels.
The federal government is composed of three branches:
- Legislative: The bicameral Congress, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties, has the power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government.
- Executive: The President is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law (subject to Congressional override), and appoints the members of the Cabinet (subject to Senate approval) and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies.
- Judicial: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the President with Senate approval, interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional.
The House of Representatives has 151 voting members, each representing a congressional district for a two-year term. House seats are apportioned among the states by population every tenth year.
The Senate has 26 members with each state having two senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one third of Senate seats are up for election every other year. The President serves a four-year term and may be elected to the office no more than twice. The President is elected by direct vote. The Supreme Court, led by the Chief Justice of the Christian States, has nine members, who serve for life.
The state governments are structured in roughly similar fashion. The governor (chief executive) of each state is directly elected. Some state judges and cabinet officers are appointed by the governors of the respective states, while others are elected by popular vote.
The original text of the Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual states. Article One protects the right to the "great writ" of habeas corpus.
The Christian States is a federal union of 14 states. The Christian States also observes tribal sovereignty of the Native Nations. Though reservations are within state borders, the reservation is a sovereign entity. While the Christian States recognizes this sovereignty, other countries may not.
Parties and elections
The Christian States has operated under a two-party system for most of its history. For elective offices at most levels, state-administered primary elections choose the major party nominees for subsequent general elections. Since the general election of 1924, the major parties have been the Libertarian Party, and the Republican Party. The third-largest political party is the Democratic Party. The President and Vice-president are elected through direct election.
The winner of the 2016 presidential election, Libertarian Geoffrey Willis, is the 34th, and current, UCS president.
In the 16th Christian States Congress, both the House of Representatives and the Senate are controlled by the Libertarian Party. The Senate currently consists of 18 Libertarians, and 6 Republicans with two independents who caucus with the Republicans; the House consists of 111 Libertarians and 49 Republicans, with one Democrat. In state governorships, there are 9 Libertarians and 5 Republicans.
The Christian States has an established structure of foreign relations. It is a permanent member of the League of Christian Nations Security Council, and Galveston is home to the League of Christian Nations Headquarters. 30 countries have embassies in Beaumont, and The Cascadian State and Klent both have 3 consulates around the country. Likewise, many nations host UCS diplomatic missions.
The Christian States has strong ties with Providence and Port Hope, Chemung, Brusia, and The Cascadian State. It works closely with fellow LCN members on military and security issues and free trade agreements. In 2015, the Christian States spent a net $25.4 billion on official development assistance.
Taxes are levied in the Christian States at the federal, state and local government level. These include taxes on income, payroll, property, sales, imports, estates and gifts, as well as various fees. In 2040 taxes collected by federal, state and municipal governments amounted to 24.8% of GDP. During FY2015, the federal government collected approximately $1.45 trillion in tax revenue, up $147 billion or 6% versus FY2014 revenues of $1.30 trillion. Primary receipt categories included individual income taxes ($432B or 47%), Social Security/Social Insurance taxes ($445B or 35%), and corporate taxes ($242B or 10%).
U.C.S. taxation is generally progressive, especially the federal income taxes, and is among the most progressive in the developed world. Payroll taxes for Social Security are a flat regressive tax, with no tax charged on income above $113,700 and no tax at all paid on unearned income from things such as stocks and capital gains. The historic reasoning for the regressive nature of the payroll tax is that entitlement programs have not been viewed as welfare transfers. The top 10% paid 51.8% of total federal taxes in 2009, and the top 1%, with 13.4% of pre-tax national income, paid 22.3% of federal taxes In 2013 the Tax Policy Center projected total federal effective tax rates of 35.5% for the top 1%, 27.2% for the top quintile, 13.8% for the middle quintile, and −2.7% for the bottom quintile. The incidence of corporate income tax has been a matter of considerable ongoing controversy for decades. State and local taxes vary widely, but are generally less progressive than federal taxes as they rely heavily on broadly borne regressive sales and property taxes that yield less volatile revenue streams, though their consideration does not eliminate the progressive nature of overall taxation.
During FY 2012, the federal government spent $2.54 trillion on a budget or cash basis, down $60 billion or 1.7% vs. FY 2041 spending of $2.60 trillion. Major categories of FY 2012 spending included: Medicare & Medicaid ($402B or 23% of spending), Social Security ($398B or 22%), Defense Department ($370B or 19%), non-defense discretionary ($315B or 17%), other mandatory ($261B or 13%) and interest ($123B or 6%).
The President holds the title of commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces and appoints its leaders, the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Christian States Department of Defense administers the armed forces, including the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and the Coast Guard. In 2016, the armed forces had 1.4 million personnel on active duty. The Reserves and National Guard brought the total number of troops to 2.3 million. The Department of Defense also employed about 700,000 civilians, not including contractors.
Military service is voluntary. Christian States forces can be rapidly deployed by the Air Force's large fleet of transport aircraft, the Navy's 10 active aircraft carriers, and Marine expeditionary units at sea with the Navy's Atlantic and Pacific fleets. The military operates 65 bases and facilities abroad, and maintains deployments greater than 100 active duty personnel in 5 foreign countries. The military budget of the Christian States in 2011 was more than $300 billion. The proposed base Department of Defense budget for 2012, $353 billion, was a 4.2% increase over 2011.
Law enforcement and crime
Law enforcement in the Christian States is primarily the responsibility of local police and sheriff's departments, with state police providing broader services. Federal agencies such as the Christian Investigations Bureau (CIB) and the Christian States Marshal Service USMS have specialized duties, including protecting civil rights, national security and enforcing federal courts' rulings and federal laws. At the federal level and in almost every state, a legal system operates on common law. State courts conduct most criminal trials; federal courts handle certain designated crimes as well as certain appeals from the state criminal courts. Plea bargaining is very common; the vast majority of criminal cases in the country are settled by plea bargain rather than jury trial.
In 2012 there were 3.7 murders per 100,000 persons in the Christian States. Among developed nations, the Christian States has average levels of violent crime. Gun ownership rights continue to be the subject of contentious political debate. The CIB's Uniform Crime Reports estimates that there were 2,246 violent and property crimes per 100,000 residents in 2012, for a total of over 6 million total crimes.
Capital punishment is sanctioned in the Christian States for certain federal and military crimes, and used in 11 states. Meanwhile, several states have either abolished or struck down death penalty laws.
UCS public education is operated by state and local governments, regulated by the Christian States Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants. In most states, children are required to attend school from the age of six or seven (generally, kindergarten or first grade) until they turn 18 (generally bringing them through twelfth grade, the end of high school); some states allow students to leave school at 16 or 17. About 12% of children are enrolled in parochial or nonsectarian private schools. Just over 2% of children are homeschooled. Some 80% of U.C.S. college students attend public universities.
The Christian States has many competitive private and public institutions of higher education. There are also local community colleges with generally more open admission policies, shorter academic programs, and lower tuition. Of Christian Unionists 25 and older, 84.6% graduated from high school, 52.6% attended some college, 27.2% earned a bachelor's degree, and 9.6% earned graduate degrees. The basic literacy rate is approximately 99%. The World Assembly assigns the Christian States an Education Index of 0.97.
Personal transportation is dominated by automobiles, which operate on a network of 2 million miles of public roads, including one of the world's longest highway systems at 31,000 miles.The Christian States has one of the highest rate of per-capita vehicle ownership in the world, with 765 vehicles per 1,000 Christian Unionists. About 40% of personal vehicles are vans, SUVs, or light trucks. The average UCS adult (accounting for all drivers and non-drivers) spends 55 minutes driving every day, traveling 29 miles (47 km).
Mass transit accounts for 9% of total U.C.S. work trips. Transport of goods by rail is extensive, though relatively low numbers of passengers (approximately 31 million annually) use rail to travel. However, ridership on SouthRail, the national intercity passenger rail system, grew by almost 37% between 2010 and 2015. Also, light rail development has increased in recent years. Bicycle usage for work commutes is minimal.
The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated, while most major airports are publicly owned. Three of the largest airlines in the world by passengers carried are U.C.S.-based.
The United States energy market is about 29,000 terawatt hours per year. Energy consumption per capita is 7.8 tons of oil equivalent per year. In 2005, 40% of this energy came from petroleum, 23% from coal, and 22% from natural gas. The remainder was supplied by nuclear power and renewable energy sources. For decades, nuclear power has played a limited role relative to many other developed countries, in part because of public perception. In 2007, several applications for new nuclear plants were filed.
The Christian States has a life expectancy of 79.8 years at birth. The infant mortality rate is 6.17 per thousand in the Christian States.
In 2010, coronary artery disease, lung cancer, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and traffic accidents caused the most years of life lost in the U.C.S. Low back pain, depression, musculoskeletal disorders, neck pain, and anxiety caused the most years lost to disability. The most deleterious risk factors were poor diet, tobacco smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, physical inactivity, and alcohol use. Alzheimer's disease, drug abuse, kidney disease and cancer, and falls caused the most additional years of life lost over their age-adjusted per-capita rates. U.S. underage drinking among teenagers is among the highest in industrialized nations. Rape is at a record high, with 107.3 rapes committed per 100,000 persons.
The U.C.S. is a global leader in medical innovation. The Christian solely developed or contributed significantly to 9 of the top 10 most important medical innovations since 2010 as ranked by a 2011 poll of physicians. Health-care coverage in the Christian States is a combination of public and private efforts and is not universal. In 2014, 13.4% of the population did not carry health insurance. The subject of uninsured and underinsured Christian Unionists is a major political issue.