Carinthia

From IIWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Most Heavenly Principality of Eternal Peace
ِPlej Ĉiela Princlando de l'Paco Eterna
Flag
Flag
Anthem: La Nacia Himno de Karintio
National Anthem of Carinthia
Royal anthemLa Kanta de l'Suno
Hymn of the Sun
Location of Carinthia (dark green)
– in Belisaria (dark grey)
– in the Southern Belisarian Community (light green)
CapitalMeridia
Official languages Carinthian
Ethnic groups (2010) 92.39% Carinthian
7.61% Other
Demonym Carinthian
Government Executive monarchy
 -  Heavenly Princess Tahisarwa
 -  Tribune Karesinda Serieux (PS)
Legislature Heavenly Senate
 -  Upper house Assembly of Wise Men
 -  Lower house Assembly of the Plebs
Independence from Rome
 -  Declared 31 October, 1872 
 -  Recognised 6 January, 1873 
 -  Water (%) 1.8
Population
 -  estimate 44,231,529 (2017)
 -  2010 census 45,997,484
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $1.589 trillion
 -  Per capita $35,918.76
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $1.615 trillion
 -  Per capita $36,517.91
Gini (2017)24.9
low
HDI (2017)0.944
very high
Currency Carinthian Fioren (CAF/₣)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the left
Calling code +2
ISO 3166 code CA
Internet TLD .ca

Carinthia (Carinthian: Karintio), officially the Her Most Heavenly Majesty's Principality of Eternal Peace (Carinthian: Ŝia Plej Ĉiela Mosxto Princlando de l'Paco Eterna) and colloquially shortened to the Heavenly Principality of Carinthia (Carinthian: Ĉiela Princlanda de Karintio), is a sovereign crowned federation of 14 cantons under an executive monarchy located in Acheron. The country is border, by clockwise, the Delphic Sea, Hostillia, and Belfras. Carinthia spans a total of X square kilometres and contains a population of roughly 44.3 million inhabitants.

The area comprising modern-day Carinthia was settled by proto-Carinthian peoples originating in Hostillia over the course of the Late Bronze Age-to-Early Iron Age. These groups clashed with native peoples, speculated by modern historians to be Hellenic in origin. After centuries of minor conflict, the indigenous population was mostly diminished and by mid-Iron Age (c. 600 BCE), most were either absorbed by Carinthian tribes or dispersed south. In the 2nd century BCE, the Vallians, led by the chieftain Gutthikas, establishing the Kingdom of the Vals in the 2nd century BCE after uniting the immediate neighbouring tribes. Due to reasons not yet understood, the kingdom collapsed in 528, and the nation split along tribal lines.

From the period of the 6th century through the 9th century, the Han and Carinthian tribes underwent expansive Latinisation as they quickly became incorporated into the rapidly expanding Cornellian Empire. By the 11th century, the entirety of the historical area of the Valish Kingdom was incorporated as a march and placed under the control of the House de l'Fiour, a cadet branch of House XYZ. Following its incorporation, the march bore the brunt of several campaigns against the Cornellian Empire by the Slavic kingdoms to the west, including the then-capital city of Gens being razed in 1187. The expansion of the Cornellian Empire westward in the coming decades brought stability and relative peace to Carinthia. The westward expansion saw Carinthia formally transition from a march to a duchy and Marquess Lùes de l'Fiour was crowned Duke of Carinthia in 1361.

With the start of the collapse of the Cornellian Empire in the mid-19th century, nationalist movements sought to seek independence from Rome. Inspired by similar rebellions conducted by Balts and other Slavs in the far north, the failed 1865 Rising was launched but internal disagreements amongst the rebellion's leadership caused its failure. Successful independence was declared in 1872 by then-Duke Hara, who proclaimed himself Heavenly Prince. Independence was formally recognised by the Cornellian Empire in 1873.

Economic and social instability following its independence caused the emergence of several political extremist groups to take shape. Tensions in between these groups boiled over in 1896 with the Gaias Spring, which saw a three month long period of protests and strikes. The result of such was the abdication of Akita and subsequent dissolution of the monarchy. The following Black Decade found the interim republican government struggle to establish a power base before finally collapsing in 1906. Civil War broke out between syndicalist groups and far-right national populist groups, which saw a syndicalist victory in 1913. Disagreements and fractures in the general popular front faction culminated in an additional two years of fighting. In the spring of 1915, the second civil war concluded and syndicalist icon Maro Priskianisko established the Carinthian Commune.

The subsequent two decades of syndicalist control saw the nation heavily industrialise, and standards of living greatly increase. The nation modernised extensively and women saw an increase in rights and civil liberties afforded to them. Further economic instability as the nation transitioned to a command economy, as well as general resistance towards syndicalism, witnessed the collapse of the syndicalist government in 1935. Later called the Revolution of the Roses, the monarchy was restored. As a stipulate of its restoration, the monarchy was to be under the oversight of an elected civilian government.

Etymology

History

Early History

  • Settlement since ~15,000 BCE, Baden culture ~3,400 BCE
  • Slavic immigration over the course of the Bronze Age through Iron Age
  • Slavic migration causes conflict between the influx of proto-Slavs and native peoples (Latins or Celts maybe?)
  • ~600 BCE, natives have either assimilated or fled

Valish Kingdom

  • Sometime in the 400s BCE, Valian tribe led by Gūtthikās united both the Valians and surrounding Alvaran and Munderic tribes, creating the Valish Kingdom
  • Hereditary monarchy develops
  • Vals expand east
  • 528: Kingdom collapsed somehow (internal pressure? more Slavic migrations?)

Early Middle Ages

  • Literal dark ages since no real "national" government existed
  • Valish Kingdom fractured along previous tribal lines (maybe split between sons of last Valish ruler?)
  • Shocker, feudalism develops
  • Eventually, the tribes start to sort their differences out and form alliances and/or get conquered by stronger tribes
  • Extensive Latinisation starts as Cornellian Empire starts to spread north

High Middle Ages

  • Absorbed into the Cornellian Empire c. 10th century
  • Cadet branch of some really important noble house installed as rulers of the march
  • Continuously gets raided and beaten by those godawful barbarian Slavs
  • Gens get burned down in 1230s and that's basically the last straw
  • Duke Somebody decided enough was enough and it was time to channel inner Ghengis Khan and start expanding west against dumbslavs
  • Carinthia basically expanded west to the modern day border before Rome stepped in and was like "Okay fam, we got it from here"

Late Middle Ages

  • Promoted from a march to duchy in X year
  • With the Slav threat eliminated, it can finally start focusing on not being dirt poor
  • Succession crisis saw it enter into some sort of personal union or something with Nekulturnya

Geography

Carinthia is located in northern Besilaria, bordering Nekulturnya to the west and Rome to the south. Covering an area of 921,726 square kilometres, Carinthia is the X largest area in the region by area. Within its area, the nation is home to an expansive biosphere ranging from temperate rain forests to salt marshes.

Kroviala is the largest lake within Carinthia, covering an area of 4,400 m².
Taiga makes up the largest percentage of forest within Carinthia.
Carinthia contains over 150,000 lakes, most of which are over 500 m² (0.12 acres).Its largest lake, Sampala, covers approximately 4,400 m² and is one of the largest lakes in the region. The Carinthian Lakeland has the largest concentration of lakes within the nation. Carinthia is also home to approximately 100,000 islands. The largest of these islands, Kronia, Avalia, and Izilazia, are located off the northern coast. Of the total area, 10% is lakes, rivers and ponds.

The geography of Carinthia is the result of the area being covered by glaciers for millennia. The eroding effects of the glaciers have left the nation mostly flat with few hills and mountains. Its highest point is Krisimonya, with an elevation of 1,385 metres. The nation's lowest point, Ganna, has an elevation of 73.7 metres below sea level. The retreating glaciers have resulted in the formation of eskers. These ridges mark the edge of ancient glaciers. The most well known of these eskers are the Gaias, which runs the entire width of the country in the south.

The terrain of Carinthia is marked by two ecological zones: the flat lowlands and coastal marshes along the entirety of the coast. The inland territory of the country is marked by temperate rainforest, which give rise to an extensive logging industry. Approximately 35% of these temperate rainforests are protected as sanctuaries by being directed owned by the Crown itself.

Lowlands are used to describe the interior of the nation, and consists primarily of irrigated wetlands, rolling hills, and temperate rainforests. Over 62% of the nation's population inhabits the lowlands and the nation's three largest cities are also located there. The lowlands are home to over 65% of the nation's farmlands and account for 85% of the nation's domestic agriculture production. The remaining areas of the lowlands consist of temperate rainforests. The rainforests, predominantly carniferous tree species including spruce, pines, and birch, are found mostly in the northern parts of the country.

The coast is home to coastal marshes and sand dunes. These bands of sand dunes dominate the northern coast and outlying islands, making for a popular tourist attraction during the summer months.

Climate

In the Köppen climate classification, Carinthia falls entirely in the boreal zone (Dfb classification), characterised by warm summers and freezing winters. Due to the many lakes, temperateness within the nation. The coast and immediate interior are dominated by a maritime climate, moderated by a warm oceanic current along the northern coast. This results in mild summers where temperatures frequently exceed 25°C. The warm ocean currents moderate the extremes of winter, maintaining temperatures around 15°C.

The interior, southern parts of the country have a continental climate, characterised by hot, humid summers where the annual temperature reaches 35°C (95°F) and frigid winters where the annual temperature drops to -12°C (10°F).

Carinthia receives on average 851 mm (33.5 in) of precipition annually. The dominant form of precipitation is snow, which falls in the interior portions of the country during the autumn, winter, and early-spring months. Rain is the dominant form of precipitation for remaining portions of the country.

Administrative Divisions

Politics

The modern Carinthian government is a syncretic between absolutism, direct democracy, parliamentarianism, and republicanism. De jure, the nation is an absolute monarchy, under which the monarch acts as both the head of state and head of government. In spite of this, the nation is a de facto constitutional monarchy where the monarch serves ceremoniously as the head of the executive branch, with the Tribune of Carinthia serving the nation on a day-to-day basis.

The Heavenly Senate is the nation's legislative assembly. A bicameral legislative organ, the Heavenly Senate is made up of 821 senators divided between two houses. The upper-house, called the Assembly of Wise Men, is made of 167 representatives of noble houses and religious clergy appointed by the monarch, and is acts as an advisory body for the lower house. The Assembly of Freemen is the 654-member lower-house whose senators are elected by the electorate for four-year terms. Seat allocation is determined by D'Hondt party-list proportional representation and is set up in a way where 25% of the seats are up for election every year.

Government

Judiciary and law

Military

Foreign relations

Economy

Demographics

Ethnic groups

Language

Largest Cities

Education

Education in Carinthia is divided into four main stages: preschooling, primary, secondary, and tertiary. School attendance is mandatory for all children between the ages of 4 and 18. There are public, private, and religious schools at all levels of education within the nation.

Matriculation exams, called Matriça, are held at the end of the third year of primary school. The exam, alongside teach recommendation and academic history, are used to determine whether or not the student will continue to be placed into a university preparatory school, general education secondary school, or a vocational school. Successful graduation from a university preparatory school (paralejna) guarantees admission to the school's associated university. Students studying at a general education school are still permitted to apply to university but are not guaranteed admission like those in the preparatory schools.

Mandatory subject areas in both preparatory and general education schools include Carinthian language and history, regional history, Mandarin, art and music, science, and mathematics. Aside from the nation-wide common core, cantons may set additional required courses.

Carinthia uses a standard A-F grading system; A being the highest grade a student may achieve and F being the lowest. Anything below a "C" is considered a failing mark. The school year up to the tertiary level is broken into quarters, with tertiary school being divided into two semesters. If a student receives a failing mark in at least two quarters or one semester, then the student must repeat the course. At preparatory and tertiary schools, cases of academic dishonesty result in an automatic failing mark for the subject, with another case resulting in automatic expulsion.

Religion

Religious adherence in Carinthia
Religion
Percentage
Heliolatry
  
58%
Irreligious
  
21%
Ikikatā
  
12%
Christianity
  
8%
Judaism
  
1%

Heliolatry (Tianzou: 太陽祀; Carinthian: Sunokulto) is the established, and since 2015, state religion of Carinthia. The religion is a syncretic of ancestor worship, animism, and henotheistic worship of the sun, moon, and other deities, and is almost exclusive to Carinthia. Heliolatry has played a major role in the development of Carinthian culture and society with matriarchy being the most evident example of this. The religion is regulated by the Heavenly Ministry of the Sundom (Tianzou: 太陽境界; Carinthian: Čielaj Ministerio dei l'Sunoreina), a collective organ that details many of the different schools and temples of Heliolatry. Complimenting its religious purpose, the Heavenly Ministry operates a number of schools and hospitals throughout the country, which provide their services for free. Clergy membership is open regardless of gender or sexual orientation.

Other religious minorities include Ikikatā, a shoot-off of early Carinthian animism practiced primiarly be the Han minority, Christianity, and a small number of practicing Jews.

Health

Immigration

Culture

Carinthian culture has its roots in Germanic culture that was brought over the course of centuries via Slavic and Germanic migrations. The Carinthian language is a descendent of Classical latin and is considered unique due to linguistic quirks not found in similar Romance languages throughout the rest of the region. Christianisation did not occur in Carinthia, as a result of this, the majority of Carinthians still practice Astrism, a syncretic religion incorporating aminism, ancestor worship, and the polytheistic characteristics of Roman paganism.

Egalitarianism and communitarianism are central elements of Carinthian society. Women are considered to be wholly equal to men, with legislation in place to ensure equality, and had in some cases been historically superior to men. Community and family are important aspects of Carinthian culture, with approximately 91% of those surveyed claiming they know someone they could rely on in a time of need and a mere 8% reported "rarely" or "never" socialising with others. High level of social cohesion is due to a long history of harsh survival in a relatively isolated environment, which reinforced the importance of unity and cooperation.

Carinthia utilises a unique naming system, underwhich everyone is addressed by their first name with patronyms and/or matronyms being the closest equivalent to family names. Names most be approved by the National Institute for Names so that they are suitable for integration into the country's language and culture.

Literature

  • Sagas
  • Modern literature

Music

  • Historical folk music
  • Rock
  • Trance and Electronic music

Art

  • Cinematography
  • Paintings
  • Sculptures
  • Architecture

Cuisine

  • Traditional foods
  • Seafood and grains
  • Hydroponic grown vegetables
  • Alcohol

Sport

  • Association football
  • Ice hockey
  • Traditional sports