1990 Santa Rosan presidential election
|20 April 1990 (first round)
4 May 1990 (second round)
|Turnout||75.95% (first round)|
74.24% (second round)
A presidential election was held in Santa Rosa on 20 April 1990, with a second round on 4 May. Tito Pérez was elected, winning the most votes in the first and second rounds. However, the election was narrow; Pérez won the second round with 50.38% of the popular vote (3,854,532) and his opponent Plutarco Dijker won with 49.62% (3,796,106), a difference of only 58,426 votes.
The Constitution of Santa Rosa states that the President of the Republic is elected to a four-year term in a two-round popular vote system. If no candidate achieves a majority in the first round, a second round takes place two weeks later consisting of the two highest performing candidates of the first round. The winner of the election takes office on 20 August of that year.
Candidates in runoff
Candidates failing to make runoff
Impeachment and resignation of Raul Romero
Incumbent president Raul Romero, who was seeking a third term alongside vice president Esteban Gayoso, was accused of embezzling government funds on December 31 1989. After the Congress found the accusations credible, he was impeached on February 6 1990, and both he and Gayoso resigned shortly after to avoid being removed from office. As a result, both of them dropped out of the presidential race, and Israel Pozo replaced Romero as the Liberal Republican Party candidate.
Medical worker strike
Hundreds of Emergency Medical Service workers went on strike across the country on March 27, sparking a crisis for Acting President Pozo and his government, as well as sparking another contentious issue in the campaign. Although generally unorganized, the strikers were demanding higher wages, safer working conditions, and up-to-date equipment, refusing to work until the government agreed to their demands.
Initially, the government refused to concede any ground or take any direct action. This was considered wildly unpopular for Pozo and the PLR. Perez made statements of sympathy, offering to meet with union leaders and promise "healthcare reform." At first, Dijker appeared rather apathetic, saying, "they work or they don't work. They can make the choice." However, he clarified his position, blaming the strikes on the PLR government. "Romero and his friends stole money from the treasury to spend on yachts and cars, when we could instead be providing our medics with the supplies they need," Dijker said. "This is less of a priority problem and more of a corruption one."
||Social Democratic Party
||Imani Crespo Cruz
||Liberal Republican Party
||Party of National Unity