Namor

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People's Republic of Namor
Namorese: Намора Имингука

Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Джию, Хакбенг, Минджу, Чинбу, Данджек
Freedom, Peace, Democracy, Progress, Unity
Anthem: Tongboman Chanjin
(March on, Compatriots!)
MediaPlayer.png
Territory controlled by the People's Republic of Namor in green, uncontrolled territory in light green
Capital
and largest city
Namo
Official languages Namorese
Recognised regional languages Khao, Luziycan, Minjianese, Tuhaoese
Ethnic groups Kannei Namorese (71%)
Ethnic Minorities (29%)
Demonym Namorese
Government Unitary presidential republic
 -  President-General Antelope Shohai
 -  Vice President-General Long Jiaoche
 -  President of the Central Council Txo Hengzang
 -  President of the Supreme People's Court Sho Falu
Formation
 -  Unification (as the Bo dynasty) 340 BCE 
 -  Republic 1915 
 -  People's Republic 1925 
Area
 -  Total 10,586,430 km2
4,087,443 sq mi
Population
 -  2016 census 922,072,994
 -  Density 56/km2
145/sq mi
GDP (PPP) estimate
 -  Total $14,956,551,357,842
 -  Per capita $16,220.57
GDP (nominal) estimate
 -  Total $8,784,067,000,000
 -  Per capita $9,526.43
Gini (2015)45.75
medium
HDI 0.72
high
Currency Ramon (P) (=100 fen) (NR)
Date format mm-dd-yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +340
ISO 3166 code NMR
Internet TLD .nr

Namor (Намора tr. Namora), officially the People's Republic of Namor (Намора Имингука), is a sovereign state in South Velkia inhabited by Namorese people. It is the largest country in Esquarium by population with 922 million people, and the second largest country by size after Koyro.

Namor borders a total of four countries - Dulab, Katranjiev, Luziyca, and Riro. It also borders two major seas - the East Namor Sea in the south and the Haddock Sea in the north.

Namor is a country with a long history; the Nozama Valley is considered one of Esquarium's cradles of civilization and is also considered by many to be the origin of the Monic peoples. Namorese historians view the semi-legendary monarchy of Nozama to be the first period of Namorese history. Over time, the territory of Nozama split into smaller states that constantly warred for regional dominance. Finally in 340 BCE, the states were unified under the Bo dynasty. From then on, Namor was ruled by successive dynasties that cyclically rose and fell. The last dynasty, the Hào, became a constitutional monarchy following the Double Fourth Revolution in 1910. However, an attempt to restore the absolute monarchy in 1915 led to the Unification War between monarchists and republicans, a six-year long civil conflict that ended with Namor's unification under the Republic of Namor. Another civil war broke out after reunification, this time between the ruling Republican Party of Namor and Liberationists. The Liberationists quickly gained the upper hand and took control of mainland Namor by 1925, establishing the People's Republic of Namor. The Republicans retreated to Peitoa and formed a rival government; both the PRN and RON claimed to be the sole legitimate government of Namor until Peitoa reunified with the mainland in 2004.

Under Antelope Yunglang, the People's Republic of Namor was an autarkic Liberationist single-party state. Following Antelope's death in 1950, the Liberationists started opening up its economy and pursuing political reforms. Consequently, Namor experienced double-digit economic growth that would not cool until the 1980s, while opposition groups began to flourish. The country held its first genuine multiparty legislative elections in 1960; ten years later, it held its first direct presidential election. By the 1980s, Namor had become a multiparty democracy with a presidential system.

Present-day Namor is the largest liberal democracy in Esquarium, owing to its massive electorate. It is the third-largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and second largest by purchasing power parity. Despite this, Namor's GDP per capita and HDI are considerably lower than those of developed countries, making it a newly industrialized country. A great power, Namor is a recognized nuclear weapons state. It has the third-largest standing military in Esquarium after Koyro and West Cedarbrook. Namor is a member of the ETO, IFDS and the Esquarian Summit. It remains an observer in the EC, having rejected full membership in a nationwide referendum.

Etymology

The word Namor originates from the Namorese Namora (Tzihan: 南屋域), alternatively pronounced Nanmora in some dialects. Namora means "land of the Southern Settlement;" the "Southern Settlement" refers to the city of Namo (南屋). While the origin of Namo is unknown, the name Namora is believed to have originated from the Bo dynasty, whose founder Yangte proclaimed his army's "conquest of the land of Namo (Денбек Намора, 征服南屋域, Denbek Namora)." The name eventually made its way to Western records, where it became Namor.

Despite its ancient origins, Namora was rarely used officially to describe the country, as successive rulers preferred the simpler but more absolute Teguka (帝国), which translates to "the Empire." The practice ended during the Republican era, when Namora was chosen as the new name.

Names of Namor in other languages

Below are the names of Namor in the regional languages of Namor.

  • Khao: ນາມ (Nam)
  • Luziycan: Namor
  • Minjianese: 南屋域 (Nánwūyù) or 南国 (Nánguó)
  • Tuhaoese: 南屋域 (Nam Ôc Vực) or 南國 (Nam quốc)

History

Nozama Valley Civilization

The Nozama Valley Civilization (NVC) formed around the 3000s BCE. At the time of its formation, the civilization was situated around the upper Nozama and Tanken Lake, but eventually it expanded southward to the Nozama River Delta partially as a result of the civilization's use of perennial irrigation, which transported water from the Nozama River to areas deeper inland, allowing inhabitants to stray farther away from the river.

There are two contending theories that purport to explain how the Nozama Valley Civilization was governed. One asserts that the valley was under the rule of a single state - the similarity in artifacts and grid patterns between the various settlements in the valley support this. Another states that the valley was highly decentralized, with each settlement having its own ruler. This theory is mostly supported by the fact that ancient Namorese records do not mention the existence of a singular ruler who dominated the valley before the foundation of the Nozama kingdom.

Pre-Imperial era

A depiction of the goddess-warrior Nushen, the legendary first ruler of an unified Nozama Valley

The Pre-Imperial era began with the founding of Nozama, considered to be the first unified kingdom in Namorese history. According to legend, Nozama was founded by the goddess Nushen (Tzang Hong), who united all states in the Nozama Valley against the demon king Teyu. Nushen ruled Nozama for many years until she returned to heaven. Nozama was subsequently ruled by Nushen's descendants. There is a lack of archaeological evidence documenting Nushen's reign and the events that led up to it. However, there is evidence to support Nozama's existence from the PNMR 800s - around the time of the kingdom's disintegration. Therefore, modern historians consider Nozama to be a semi-legendary period in Namorese history.

Nozama eventually disintegrated into several city-states (chinpun) that constantly fought for control of the valley, beginning the Chinpun period which lasted from the 9th-6th centuries PNMR. The Chinpun eventually gave way to larger, more powerful states (pun), beginning the Pun period which lasted for the remainder of the Pre-Imperial era. Ultimately, the Nozama Valley was united by the Pun of Bo, whose ruler proclaimed himself vangte ("emperor"), becoming the first emperor of Namor.

Imperial era

The Bo began as an isolationist empire, with the first emperor Yangte spending most of his reign persecuting suspected opponents to his rule. His assassination in 312 BCE sparked a brief civil war which saw his son, Bangte, recover the throne from Yangte's assassins. From that point on, Bo's rulers became less repressive and focused more on trade and territorial expansion. In the third century BCE, the Bo dynasty conquered the neighboring kingdoms of Xhinan and Shachin, opening up a link to the Occident. The expansion made possible the Golden Spice Route, a network of trade routes through which goods from the Orient reached the Occident and vice versa.

The Bo dynasty collapsed in the second century BCE, when it broke up into the Lin dynasty in the west and Cheng dynasty in the east. Both dynasties were short-lived; the Cheng was absorbed by the Tunghao, an ethnic group native to the Tung River Delta, in the year 243. The Tunghao subsequently established the Fan dynasty. The Fan dynasty conquered the Lin dynasty in 255, completing the unification of all lands formerly controlled by the Bo. Despite this, Fan rule was very unstable due to constant infighting within the ruling house. The empire fragmented into the Northern Fan and Southern Fan dynasties in 302, beginning the First North-South divide that would last for the next three centuries. A Minjianese rebellion in 331 overthrew the Southern Fan, supplanting it with the Zhao dynasty, while the Northern Fan lasted until the late 5th century when it was replaced by the Kannei Tung dynasty.

An imperial examination during the Li dynasty

The north-south divide ended in the seventh century with the Li dynasty conquering the southern Minjianese Chen dynasty, becoming the third dynasty after the Bo and Fan to rule over an unified Namor Proper. The Li dynasty is widely regarded as an golden age in Namorese history, as it was marked by peace, security and the flourishing of Namorese culture. Trade experienced a resurgence unseen since the Bo years, with multiple states paying tribute to the Li emperor.

The Li dynasty weakened after Minjianese in the south rebelled, forming the breakaway Guang dynasty in 783. The Li continued to hold on to Namor Proper until 857, when it was overthrown by the Yung dynasty. The decline of the Li marked the start of the Second North-South divide that lasted over five centuries and coincided with the Pax Minjianica ("Minjianese Peace"), during which Minjian became the cultural and economic center of Namor. In the south, the Guang dynasty was succeeded by the Liang and Xi dynasties; in the north, the Yung dynasty was succeeded by the Ze dynasty, which in turn broke up into several states starting the 11th century.

During the 12th century, the Peivet - a Christian people from present-day West Namor - launched the Southern Crusades, conquering Minjian before defeating the Kannei states in Namor Proper to form the Jidu dynasty. As a result of the Southern Crusades, Christianity was introduced to Namor Proper; Jidu rulers built many churches across the country and translated the first Bible into Namorese. At the same time, the Jidu modified Christianity to make it conform with Kannei culture - ancestor worship was permitted, and Namorese deities were officially worshiped as saints. However, Jidu rule was seen as high-handed and oppressive, with frequent rebellions weakening the dynasty's power. The Jidu dynasty finally fell in 1264 after rebels led by Han Yensun, who established the Shan dynasty. Han and successive Shan rulers initiated a mass persecution of Christians across Namor. By the 14th century, little traces of Christianity in Namor Proper remained.

The Shan dynasty stayed in power until 1378, when a dispute over the rightful heir of emperor Vetyang sparked a civil war, splitting the Shan into the Northern and Southern Shan and starting the Third North-South divide. Compared with the first and second divides, however, the third divide was short - the Southern Shan was overthrown in a coup led by Zeng Yenping, a general who founded the Akka dynasty in its place. The Akka waged war on the Northern Shan, conquering it in 1413.

Namor enjoyed a "progressive age" under Akka rule. The government encouraged maritime travel, funding numerous expeditions to Nautasia and Borea. In 1495, the Changkin Emperor introduced what became known as the "Changkin reforms." Among the reforms included the world's first graduated income tax and a tolerance of all religions - Namorese and foreign - provided that the religion respects the authority of the emperor. The Akka turned inward during the 16th century as it fought several wars with neighboring Tuhao, which posed an increasing threat to its eastern borderlands.

The decline of the Akka accelerated as Tuhao, under the leadership of queen Nguyen Linh Tú, captured large swaths of Akka territory and was poised to capture the capital of Namo. The Tuhaoese offensive was temporarily stalled after Nguyen Linh Tú was killed in 1599, but her son Nguyen Quang Công continued her cause and besieged Namo in 1613, forcing the last Akka emperor to commit suicide and other Akka loyalists to flee.

Hào troops arriving at Ainin's shores in 1677

The Hào dynasty was the last ruling dynasty in Namorese history. It expanded westward, suppressing the last vestiges of Akka loyalism and incorporating Shanpei and Txotai. It also expanded into Ainin, establishing a provincial government there. The Hào was at its peak during the Golden Century, which lasted for most of the 18th century. In 1794, a massive tidal wave hit the eastern coast of Namor, bringing severe economic troubles to the Hào. Shortly after the wave, protests in Ainin escalated into an open insurrection that resulted in independence from Namor. As corruption, food shortages and homelessness continued to plague the empire, rebellions against Hào rule became more frequent. The largest-scale rebellion, led by Kansism founder Chen Minko, lasted from 1871 to 1886 and caused over 20 million civilian deaths. Although the rebellion was ultimately defeated, the Hào never fully recovered from its effects.

Republican era

On April 4, 1910, a rebellion led by the Namorese Democratic Brotherhood broke out in the Nozama River Delta. With the support of defectors from the Hào army, the rebels took over most of the delta and besieged Namo. In an attempt to save its authority, the imperial government agreed to enter talks with the Democratic Brotherhood. Both sides agreed to set up a constitutional monarchy with the Veinan Empress as its head of state and Democratic Brotherhood leader Jacob Cho as its prime minister.

While the compromise averted the total collapse of the Hào dynasty, it did not mitigate tensions between the monarchists and republicans, which erupted again in 1915 after monarchists staged a coup in Namo that restored the absolute monarchy, killing thousands of republicans in the process. In response to the coup, the republicans declared the imperial government to be illegitimate and established the Republic of Namor (RON) in Mojing. A six-year civil war between monarchists and republicans, known as the Unification War, ended with the reunification of Namor under the republicans in 1921. After the war, two parties emerged as the most powerful forces in Namorese politics - the Republicans, a right-wing party led by Generalissimo Jung To, and the Liberationists, a left-wing populist party that had operated mostly in monarchist territory during the war.

Not so long after reunification, tensions between the Republicans and Liberationists led to the outbreak of a second civil war, known by most historians as the Namorese Civil War. Support for the Liberationists from peasants in the countryside, workers and intellectuals in the cities enabled the party to gain the upper hand in the conflict; by 1925, the Liberationists had effectively taken control of mainland Namor. That year, they established the People's Republic of Namor (PRN) with party chairman Antelope Yunglang as its first President-General. Jung To's regime relocated to Peitoa, where it continued to lay claim over the mainland.

Liberationist era

Antelope Yunglang, Chairman of the Liberationists, ruled Namor for 25 years until his death in 1975

Under Antelope Yunglang, mainland Namor underwent a combination of economic recovery, social progress and repression. The Liberationists executed and imprisoned millions of Republican sympathizers, large landowners, former warlords and other suspected opponents to their rule. Despite promises during the civil war to share power with other parties in a coalition government, the Liberationists established themselves as the vanguard party to which all must pledge allegiance to - a role that was enshrined in the constitution. At the same time, the government promoted the "three universals" - universal housing, universal literacy and universal healthcare - through the New Revival Program. It also supported programs to revitalize the infrastructure, building electricity dams, hospitals, roads and schools. By the end of Antelope's presidency, the Liberationists had secured their hold on power.

Growing conflict between Antelope and President-General Mikhail Zo prompted Antelope to launch the Movement to Implement Comprehensive Liberationism Throughout Namorese Society, colloquially known as the "Green Fever," in 1940. The Green Fever resulted in widespread instability; the Green Youth Organization (GYO), the Liberationist Party's youth wing during the Fever, attacked both those who were labeled as reactionaries by Antelope and those were perceived to be reactionary but were never labeled as such by Antelope or anyone else in the party leadership. Antelope scaled back the GYO's activities following deadly clashes involving the GYO and armed uprisings by opponents to the Fever. As Antelope's health declined, most responsibilities of overseeing the party's activities went to the rest of the Politburo Standing Committee and Vice Chairman Kiang Ssxu. The Green Fever finally ended after Antelope's death in 1950. A power struggle between acting chairman Kiang and President-General Antelope Gelai ended in Kiang's removal from power and the rise of a moderate, pro-reform leadership.

In 1955, the Central Council approved a new constitution which increased the powers of the President-General and the Central Council, transferring the power of commanding the military to the President-General and the power to override presidential vetoes to the Central Council. Under the new constitution, Antelope Gelai was reelected President-General. He would serve another two terms in office, becoming the only President-General to have stayed in office for more than two terms.

The administration of Antelope Gelai supported both economic and political reforms. The Opening Act of 1957 set up special economic zones throughout the country, attracting investment. The Northern Development program resulted in a mass migration to northern Namor, spurring development there. At the same time, the authorities became more tolerable of dissent - political prisoners were released and direct multiparty elections for Central Council were held in 1960. By 1970, Namor had achieved double-digit economic growth and the one-party state was slowly giving way to a multiparty democracy.

A student protester in the Plum Blossom protests

Reforms continued under Antelope Gelai's successor, Kong Jo, who was President-General from 1965 to 1975. During the Plum Blossom Revolution of 1965, Kong agreed to allow direct presidential elections. Kong became the first directly elected leader in Namorese history in 1970, defeating Democratic Socialist challenger Daiji Suang. A year later, the killing of 16 Namorese by Luziycan troops in Vulan sparked the Third Namo-Luziycan War. The war ended with both Namor and Luziyca declaring victory. For the remainder of Kong's presidency, Namor diverted its attention to bolstering national defense, stalling reforms.

Kong was succeeded by Vice President Su Shui. Namor maintained its economic growth during Su's presidency, but problems linked to fast growth - mainly corruption and pollution - led to declining public support for the government. Su was reelected by a significantly narrower margin in 1980; two years later, he was impeached by the Central Council after it was revealed that he had shared confidential documents with members of his family. He was succeeded by Vice President Chen Chanin, who barely clung to the presidency in the election of 1985. Chen tried improving the image of the Liberationist Party by focusing on social problems as opposed to economic growth, but his efforts were compromised by infighting between conservative and liberal factions in the party. In the 1990 election, Chen was defeated by Democratic Socialist Alicia Wolf. Wolf became the first woman, non-Kannei and non-Liberationist to become President-General, marking an end to 65 years of Liberationist rule.

Present-day

Alicia Wolf's presidency lasted from 1990 to 2000. Upon taking office, she followed a policy of Deliberationization, establishing a transitional justice commission to redress legacies of human rights abuses committed under the Liberationist regime. Many streets and squares named after Liberationism or Liberationist leaders were renamed, while Liberationist imagery was removed from stamps and currency banknotes. However, deliberationization lost momentum due to mounting opposition from the public, which saw the policy as an attempt to stifle political opposition. At the same time, Wolf's administration normalized relations with Luziyca, introduced the Common Medical Care System (CMCS) and abolished the death penalty for most crimes.

National unity skyrocketed following the June 28 attacks in 1992 during which terrorists hijacked an Air Namor passenger jet and crashed it into the Aininian embassy, while a suicide truck bomber crashed the Ethnic Minority Affairs building in Namo. The Knights of Saint Luther, an Otekian separatist militant group, claimed responsibility, prompting Wolf to launch a renewed campaign against domestic Otekian separatists. The campaign resulted in the death and capture of Breuvi Chikmurdof, commander of the Knights, and the organization's disintegration.

Wolf was succeeded by Vice President Kaitlyn Khan, who mostly continued her predecessor's policies but declined in popularity due to lackluster economic growth and her perceived mishandling of Peitoa's seizure of a mainland Namorese ferry. In 2005, she was voted out of office, and businessman Fu Wen of the New Democrats was elected, becoming Namor's first right-wing President-General.

During Fu's presidency, mainland Namor invaded Peitoa and toppled the Republic of Namor, ending the era in which there were two governments claiming to be the legitimate representative of the entire country. The Fu administration lowered income tax rates, decreased spending and privatized some state-run enterprises. Relations with Luziyca improved, with Namo and Bethlehem agreeing to consider Nantai "Namorese territory under Luziycan administration." While some praised this as a step forward towards stability in Velkia, critics within Namor accused Fu of jeopardizing Namorese interests. Support for the New Democrats hit a new low after the stock market crashed in 2015 as a result of a global recession. On the same year, Antelope Shohai, the great-grandson of Antelope Yunglang, won the presidency, becoming the first Liberationist President-General in 25 years.

Under Antelope, Namor expanded the CMCS to low-income residents in urban areas. The government was given the power to freeze stockholders' activities during a period of economic crisis, and a nationwide minimum wage was introduced. Namor hosted the Third Esquarian Summit in October 2016.

Geography

The Xhi River between Minjian and Southern Namor
Daibeng Peak, Namor's highest point 
The Nozama River near Sicho, Southern Namor 
The Xhi River between Minjian and Southern Namor 
The Western Desert 
Tanken Lake, the source of the Nozama 

Namor is a large and geographically diverse country. With a total area of 10,586,430 km2, it is the second-largest country in Esquarium after Koyro. It borders two seas - the Haddock Sea in the north and the East Namor Sea in the south.

The country is sometimes called the "Three Mountains and Six Rivers" (Сансан Pукон, Sansan Rukon, 三山六江) - a term that refers to Namor's three major mountain ranges and six major rivers. The Northern Mountains (Peisan), the Xhinan Highlands (Xhinan Koyen) and Tuhaoese Highlands (Tzigao Koyen) are the three major mountain ranges. The Northern Mountains are generally higher than the Xhinan and Tuhaoese Highlands; the highest mountain in Namor, Daibeng Peak (formerly Liberationism Peak), is situated there.

The six major rivers of Namor are the Nozama, Xhi (Xi Jiang in Minjianese), Tung (Sông Phía Nam in Tuhaoese), Samsomkiad, Pei, Sa and Keng. Of the six rivers, the Nozama is the longest, beginning from Tanken Lake in the north before converging with the East Namor Sea in the south through the Nozama River Delta.

The west is dominated by the Western Desert, considered to be the largest desert by area in Velkia.

Climate of Namor varies by region. The south has a humid subtropical climate with warm and wet summers and mild winters, while the north has a temperate climate. The south is affected by monsoons that bring excessive amounts of rainfall to the region in the summer. This has sometimes led to typhoons which cause infrastructural damage. Snowfall is generally rare except in the northwest, where it is frequent.

Governance

Administrative divisions

Map of Namor and its administrative divisions. Cities in bold indicate district/regional capitals

Namor is a unitary state where the central government is ultimately supreme and delegates powers to regional authorities. First-level administrative divisions of Namor include (Ку, ku) and five autonomous republics (Чиджигука, Chijiguka). Both divisions are subsequently divided into prefectures (Сен, Sen) or autonomous prefectures (Чиджиcен, Chijisen) for ethnic minorities. In total, there are 127 prefectures in Namor.

Each district, autonomous republic and prefecture has its own regional government, which has the power to pass laws and is partially responsible for maintaining the local infrastructure. Autonomous republics have a significant population of ethnic minorities. They differ from districts in that they have significant jurisdiction over education, fiscal policy, infrastructure, language policy, law enforcement and other affairs.

The capital of Namo is a part of Capital District (Шодуку, Shoduku) - a national capital territory with its own mayor and municipal legislature.

List of districts

District Capital Population
Southern Namor Sicho 232,340,734
East Namor Mojing 148,563,625
East Nozama Nozama City 117,885,766
West Nozama Nozama City 100,775,921
Xhipei Xhishin 55,088,438
Shanpei Vetpei 33,450,451
Arra Arra 23,208,718
West Namor Sachin 20,692,235
Capital District N/A 13,702,485
Peitoa Novi Namor 1,195,310
Total 746,903,683

List of Autonomous Republics

Flag Autonomous Republic Capital Population
FlagTuhaoese.png Tuhao Hai Nang 97,256,497
Flag of the Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region.svg Khao Ngam 4,116,376
Minjianflag.png Minjian Xiangmen 45,107,180
Txotai.png Txotai Kusef 19,720,130
Flag of the Dadao Municipal Government of Shanghai.svg Tojav Haidi 8,969,128
Total 175,169,311

Political system

The Central Council Hall in Namo
The Executive House, the official residence of the President-General of Namor

Namor is presently a unitary state with a presidential system. The Constitution of Namor is the basic governing document of the country; the first version of the Constitution, adopted in 1925, designated the People's Republic as a "multiparty republic under the direction of the Liberationist Party of Namor." While other parties besides the Liberationists were allowed to operate, they had to be a part of the March 28 Front - an organization led by the Liberationists. In 1955, the second and present version of the Constitution was adopted. The new Constitution emphasized rule of law, separation of powers and individual rights, paving the way for direct and genuine multiparty elections.

The President-General is the head of state and government of the People's Republic. The President-General is elected every five years and may serve in office for up to two terms. Like the executive in most presidential systems, the President-General may appoint officials, command the military, sign treaties and veto laws. Accompanying the President-General is the Vice President and the ministers who make up the State Council. The current President-General is Antelope Shohai. His Vice President is Long Jiaoche.

The Central Council (often abbreviated as the CenCo) is the national legislature. Comprised of 2,549 seats, it is the largest professional legislature in Esquarium. The CenCo has the power to pass laws, ratify treaties signed by the President-General, and confirm appointments by the President-General. The CenCo can also override presidential vetoes by a three-fourths majority vote, and impeach the President-General by a simple majority vote. Members of the CenCo are elected every five years, with elections occurring concurrently with presidential elections.

The Supreme People's Court (SPC) is the highest court in Namor. It consists of five justices - the President of the SPC and four Vice Presidents of the SPC. All five justices are appointed by the President-General, but their appointments must be confirmed by the CenCo. The SPC specializes in constitutional law and constitutional review. It is also the final authority in the impeachment process; once the CenCo passes a motion of impeachment against the President-General, the SPC determines whether to support this motion; if it does, then the President-General is required to leave office.

Foreign relations

The logo of the Third Esquarian Summit held in Xiangmen, Namor

Namor maintains cordial relations with most democracies, particularly those belonging to the Esquarian Community (EC), of which Namor is an observer. Namor enjoys an especially strong alliance with Ainin - both countries are among the founding members of the Esquarian Treaty Organisation (ETO) and have signed a free trade agreement, causing Ainin to become Namor's largest trading partner and vice versa.

Relations between Namor and other developing countries are moderately warm, partially due to Namor's status as a newly-industrialized developing economy and the Liberationist regime's identification with the third world. Namor has traditionally refrained from supporting economic sanctions and military interventions against developing nations; however, it has also supported compromises in disputes between developed democracies and developing states. Namo's support for a conditional withdrawal of all non-Nautasian troops from Nautasia during the Third Esquarian Summit is a recent example of this.

Namor's relations with neighboring Luziyca are traditionally contentious due to the long history of conflict between the two countries. The First Namo-Luziycan War, which ended in a Luziycan victory, saw Luziyca annexing Nantai and Txotai, turning the former into a constituent republic and the latter into a nominally independent state. While Namor eventually retook control of Txotai, Otekian separatists in the region declared independence in 1941 with East Luziycan support, provoking a Namorese response which led to the Second Namo-Luziycan War (also known as the Txotai Rebellion). Fears of a reunified Luziyca and border tensions led to the Third Namo-Luziycan War, after which both countries claimed victory. The two countries reestablished diplomatic ties, and relations improved under the watch of President-General Fu Wen, whose administration advocated for detente. While the risk of conflict has greatly decreased since, suspicion of Luziyca remains high among the Namorese body politic, hindering enhanced bilateral cooperation in a range of issues.

Military

The NNS Sandinghan

The Namorese Liberation Army (NLA) is the armed forces of Namor. It was founded in 1904 as the armed wing of the Liberationist Party of Namor. The NLA remained under the control of the Liberationists after the establishment of the People's Republic in 1925. While it served as the de facto military of Namor for decades, it was officially nationalized with the adoption of the 1955 Constitution, which transferred the role of supreme commander from the Secretary-General of the Liberationist Party to the President-General.

Branches of the NLA include the Ground Force (NLAGF), Air Force (NLAAF), Navy (NLAN) and the People's Gendarmerie.

Namor has the third largest standing army in Esquarium, with 2.5 million active military personnel. The Liberation Navy is widely considered to be green-water navy, although it is aspiring to acquire blue-water capabilities. Currently, the Liberation Army consists of two fleets - the East Sea Fleet which operates in the East Namor Sea and the Yenfang Fleet which operates in the Haddock Sea. The NLAN possesses two aircraft carriers - the NNS Sandinghan and NNS Sicho.

Namor is a nuclear power - while the exact number of warheads has never been disclosed, it is estimated that Namor possesses around 3,000 nuclear warheads. In addition, Namor is among the several countries in Esquarium that continue to possess biological and chemical weapons. There is an ongoing debate regarding the future of Namor's biological and chemical arsenal, with some supporting disarmament and others opposing it.

While Namor formerly had a policy of conscription in which all citizens between the ages of 18 and 22 must serve in the military for 12-18 months, conscription was abolished in 1989. Since then, successive administrations have pursued policies aimed at cutting the size of the military while improving its performance.

As a founding member of ETO, Namor has participated in various forms of military cooperation with other ETO militaries, especially the Aininian Armed Forces.

Society

Ethnic groups

Kannei Namorese men in traditional clothing 
Minjianese rafters 
Tuhaoese women 
Khao woman 
Tojavese family 
Nanhoi musician 
Circle frame.svg
Ethnic groups of Namor
  Kannei Namorese (71.5%)
  Minjianese (12.1%)
  Tuhaoese (9.9%)
  Tojavese (1.5%)
  Kaku (1.23%)
  Khao (0.8%)
  Peivet (0.75%)
  Katranjian (0.7%)
  Nanhoi (0.69%)
  Otekian (0.67%)

Namor is a multiethnic society composed of 13 recognized ethnic groups - Kannei, Minjianese, Tuhaoese, Kaku, Khao, Peivet, Katranjians, Nanhoi (Aininians), Otekians, Luziycans, Vyvlanders, and Tuthinans. Of these 14 groups, nine have homelands that are located partially or completely within Namorese territory.

The largest ethnic group are the Kannei, which makes up nearly 72% of the population (around 670 million people). The Kannei have inhabited the Nozama Valley and surrounding areas - a region known by historians as the Kannei ("within the frontier") - hence the group's present name. Millions of Kannei reside overseas, comprising a significant portion of the overseas Namorese community. Namorese is the predominant language of the Kannei people.

Non-Kannei ethnic groups, known as ethnic minorities, make up around 28% of the population. Most reside in autonomous regions, including autonomous republics and prefectures, although many also live within the districts. The largest ethnic minority group are the Minjianese, who number around 114 million and are indigenous to the region of Minjian. The second largest minority group are the Tuhaoese, who number around 93 million and are indigenous to the region of Tuhao.

The government has long followed a policy of affirmative action in regards to ethnic minorities, although in recent years policies that benefit minorities have been narrowed in scope to apply only to groups that have low populations or demonstrate a need for social or economic assistance.

Religion



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Religious Demographics of Namor
  Namorese folk religion or non-religious (83%)
  Kansism (12%)
  Muslim (2%)

Statistics regarding religion in Namor vary wildly due to a lack of consensus on the definition of "religious" and "irreligious." Most Namorese identify with no religion, but many in this group nevertheless participate in activities associated with religion - such as ancestor worship and temple visits - or believe in the existence of supernatural forces and deities. According to the Namorese Census, which defines "religious" as "identifying with a particular religion or religious movement regardless of the extent of one's participation in religious activities," around 60% of Namorese identify as irreligious while 40% identify as religious.

The most predominant religion in Namor is Namorese folk religion, or Txoism, which combines elements of indigenous practices, Buddhism and other belief systems in the Monic world. As polytheists, Txoists believe in multiple gods. They also believe in a hierarchical universe consisting of multiple worlds, where the lifespan of inhabitants in each world depends on the world's proximity to the Highest Realm, or Kote. Whether one is elevated by a world closer to Kote depends on the extent by which one adheres to Txoist beliefs.

Kansism is the second largest religion with approximately 110 million followers. It was founded by Chen Minko, who led a failed uprising against the Hao dynasty. A syncretic religion, Kansism borrows from elements of Txoism, Buddhism and Christianity. While Kansists are monotheistic, they believe that God manifested himself in different forms to reveal his messages to humankind.

Christianity is the third largest religion in Namor. Christians are mostly concentrated in northwestern Namor, where ethnic groups such as the Otekians and Peivet have had a long history with Christianity. Most Namorese Christians are Lutheran Catholics; however, there is a long history of tension between Namor and Lutheran Catholics. Namorese suspicion of Lutheran Catholicism dates back to ancient times, when the authorities tried forcing Lutheran Catholics in Namor to pledge allegiance to the Emperor instead of the Pope. The Church's refusal to allow ancestor worship among followers also ran contrary to Namorese tradition, spurring suspicion among many Namorese. In recent history, Lutheran Catholicism was associated with imperialism, facilitating government persecution. Hundreds of churches and cathedrals were closed or razed under Liberationist rule. While these extreme forms of suppression are no longer practiced, there remain various attempts - both official and unofficial - to prevent Lutheran Catholicism from gaining prominence.

Language

Namorese is the only official language in the national level. The dialect of Namorese that originated in present-day Southern Namor is considered the standard dialect, hence the name "Standard Namorese," which is used to distinguish the dialect from other non-Standard dialects such as Nan Namorese.

There are three major scripts used in written Namorese - Ventzi, Redentzi and Shintzi. Of the three scripts, Ventzi is the oldest; based on a system of characters with its own meaning, it had been used by Namorese for thousands of years. Redentzi emerged during the 19th century, when it was introduced by Christian missionaries who aspired to make the Bible accessible to the Namorese population. While the script did not gain much traction at first, it was adopted as the official script in 1901. Redentzi remained the official script for decades until the 1920s, when the Liberationists viewed it as a legacy of imperialism a commissioned the invention of a new script that could effectively replace Redentzi while increasing literacy. Thus, Shintzi (Namorese for the "new script") was introduced and taught nationwide. Today, Shintzi is the standard script in mainland Namor, although it remains used in Peitoa and Nantai, which did not come under Liberationist control after the civil war.

In addition to Namorese, there are various languages recognized at the regional level in autonomous regions. Minjianese is an official language of Minjian, Tuhaoese is official in Tuhao, Khao is official in Khao, Tojavese is official in Tojav, and Luziycan is official in Txotai. Katranjian enjoys official status in Changlong Katranjian Autonomous Prefecture in Xhipei District, while French enjoys official status in ethnic Nanhoi autonomous prefectures located in East and Southern Namor. There have been proposals to make Namor a multilingual state where Namorese as well as the regional languages enjoy official status at the national level, but these proposals have been rejected due to their perceived impact on national unity.

Health

Healthcare in Namor consists of both public and private institutions and insurance programs. 98.7% of Namorese have at least basic health insurance coverage either from public or private institutions.

Namor does not have universal health care, as the government does not provide health care or financial protection to all citizens except for those who are deemed incapable of affording health care. Instead, it has a Common Medical Care System (CMCS) in place which guarantees near-complete coverage low-income families, especially in rural areas where the quality of medical facilities lag behind the quality of facilities in urban and suburban areas. Under the CMCS, the government pays for almost all medical costs of patients from rural areas who receive treatment in a local hospital or clinic. However, the proportion of costs paid for by the government decreases if patients seek medical care in facilities that are farther away from home (e.g. suburban or city hospitals). In 2016, the CMCS was modified to expand government coverage to citizens of low-income living in urban areas.

The average life expectancy in Namor is 76.8 years for men and 79.9 years for women.

Education

A secondary school in Moshi, East Namor

Namor has a compulsory 12-year public education system. This does not include preschool or university, although most Namorese go to both.

The first year of required education is kindergarten (Суйеченбан, Suyechenban) which children attend at the age of five. Kindergarten is followed by five years of primary school (Униден Hодонг, Uniden Hodong), three years of intermediate school (Джунгден Hодонг, Jungden Hodong) and four years of secondary school (Демиден Hодонг, Demiden Hodong). In secondary school, students begin taking the "High Test (HIT)," which is standard nationwide. A "passing grade" in the HIT is considered 70% or over - a student who gets a grade above 70 percent are considered qualified to graduate. The unofficial "excellence grade" is 85% or over. A student who gets over an 85 percent in the HIT has a chance of entering a top Namorese university. Top 1-3% scorers in the HIT are qualified to earn government scholarships, although other top scorers - including those who earn an "excellence grade" - are qualified to earn scholarships from private organizations.

After completing the compulsory 12 years of education, most Namorese continue their studies at an university. Namor is home to around 3,000 degree providing universities. Most students complete their university education with a bachelor's degree, although many go on to obtain a master's degree. Nearly all students who enter university receive financial assistance, either through government scholarships, non-governmental scholarships or loans. Most universities offer financial assistance reserved specifically for ethnic minorities.

Largest cities

Economy

A traffic congestion in Namo
Rice farmers in Tuhao

Namor is a mixed market economy where there is private ownership of the means of production with government regulation. With an aggregate GDP of $8.8 trillion, it is the third largest economy in Esquarium after Luziyca and Ainin.

Namor experienced an economic boom in the 1960s as a result of reforms that encouraged foreign investment and liberalized the markets. Due to its large population, Namor has a large market, making it a popular destination for investors. The Namorese economy was initially driven by exports and investment, but starting the 1990s Namor shifted to a consumer-oriented economy. At present, roughly 60% of the Namorese economy is comprised of consumer spending, while the remaining 40% is comprised of exports and investment.

Most of the economy is dominated by the private sector; while the public sector is still influential, its size has been drastically cut since reforms were first implemented in the 1960s. Numerous state-run enterprises still exist, namely Namelectric (Namorese Electric), Natel (Namorese Telecom), Nagusigo (Namorese National Petroleum Corporation) and Narail (Namorese Railways).

The largest industries in Namor, sometimes called the "big three," are manufacturing, services and agriculture. A significant number of automobiles, clothes, electronics, ships and shoes come from Namorese manufacturers. While the manufacturing industry is slowly declining with the advent of technology, the services industry is growing and is expected to surpass the manufacturing industry in the foreseeable future. Namor is Esquarium's largest producer of rice, although the amount of rice sold overseas is low due to high demands domestically. Other industries that are growing in prominence include alternative energy, health care, and information technology.

Energy

Progress Dam in the Nozama River is the largest hydroelectric dam in Velkia

Namor is Esquarium's largest consumer of coal, accounting for 50% of Esquarium's total coal. Coal is very popular in Namor due to its low prices; however, there have been calls to reduce Namor's dependence on coal due to the environmental problems caused by excessive consumption of coal, including pollution. The question of whether to abandon coal, including the means by which coal should be abandoned, remains a contentious issue in Namorese politics.

Recently, Namor has begun increasing its reliance on renewable sources of energy, the most popular being hydroelectric power and wind power. The most prominent example of this is the construction of Progress Dam, which opened in 1979. Since its completion, Progress Dam has provided electricity to millions of residents living in the Nozama Valley region. However, the dam also caused environmental damage to its surroundings and forced millions to relocate.

Infrastructure

Air

Air travel remains the most popular mode of long-distance travel among Namorese. There are around 2,500 airports; 70 of them are international airports. Namo International Airport is one of the busiest airports in Esquarium, carrying around 80-90 million passengers per year.

Air Namor is the national flag carrier of Namor. Besides Air Namor, there are other airlines that serve certain regions within the country.

Road

Namor has an elaborative expressway system that covers the entire country. Expressways exist at the national, regional and local levels.

National-level expressways consist of two kinds - National Expressways (Gukakosu) and Interdistrict Highways (Kujikosu). National Expressways are always toll-free and tend to reach more remote areas , while Interdistrict Highways are rarely toll-free and connect more populated areas.

In addition to national-level expressways, districts and autonomous republics maintain their own regional expressway systems.

Train

NKT train

Namor is renowned for its high-speed railway lines, known as the Namora Kote (NKT); to date, it has the most distance of high-speed rail in operation than any other country.

Railway lines in Namor are arranged according to a grid, with three main "horizontal" (east-west) lines and three main "vertical" (north-south) lines forming the backbone of the railway network. The main "horizontal" lines include the Loxi-Haidi Line in northern Namor, the Kenyen-Hai Nang Line in central Namor, and the Huankun-Mojing Line in southern Namor, while the main "vertical" lines include the Xiangmen-Vetpei Line in western Namor, the Esquarian City-Arra Line in central Namor, and the Mojing-Arra Line in eastern Namor.

Culture

Holidays

Four public holidays in Namor - Namorese New Year, Songte Day, Nushen Day and the Mid-Autumn Festival - do not have fixed Gregorian dates but are observed on the same day and month on the lunisolar Namorese calendar.

Date Name (Shintzi - Tziredin - Ventzi) Public holiday Notes
1 January New Year's Day (Шиннин - Shinnin - 新年) Yes Day of rest.
1st day of 1st lunar month Namorese New Year (Шинцун - Shintsun - 新春) Yes Officially known as Shintsun (Festival of the New Spring) due to recognition of the Gregorian calendar
Third Saturday of March Democracy Day (Минджури - Minjuri - 民主日) Yes Commemorates the first direct presidential election in Namorese history. Observed every five years during general elections.
28 March Liberation Day (Джикфанри - Jikfanri - 解放日) Yes Commemorates the founding of the People's Republic of Namor
1 May International Workers' Day (Канси Кунглонри - Kansi Kunglonri - 全世工人日) Yes
8th day of 4th lunar month Songte's Birthday Day (Сонгдан - Songdan - 嵩诞) No Commemorates legendary birthday of Songte
1st day of 6th lunar month Nushen Day (Нушенри - Nushenri - 弩神日) Yes Commemorates Nushen's victory over Teyu in the legendary Battle of Xhidu
8 August Armed Forces Day (Джинкунри - Jinkunri - 建军日) Yes Commemorates the founding of the Namorese Liberation Army
15th day of 8th lunar month Mid-Autumn Day (Джиуджунгри - Jiujungri - 秋中日) Yes Harvest festival of the Namorese people
25 December Anti-Imperialism Day (Фантери- Fainter - 反帝日) Yes Commemorates the recapture of Kusef by Namorese forces, which marked the symbolic end of the Txotai rebellion. Simultaneously celebrated with Christmas in Txotai.
31 December New Year's Eve (Шиннинси - Shinninsi - 新年夕) Yes Day of rest.

Media

Logo of PTH

Namor has one of the freest media in the Monic world. While there was little press freedom during the early years of Liberationist rule, government restrictions to the press were gradually lifted in the 1960s. This was accompanied by the rise of a robust media industry. Today, Namor has over 50,000 newspapers, 3,000 television broadcast systems and over 800 radio stations (FM, AM and shortwave).

Namorese Radiotelevision (PTH) is the national public broadcaster of Namor. Although it is government-funded, it has a reputation for editorial independence. In addition, almost every district and autonomous republic has its own public broadcaster.

Major newspapers in Namor include The Liberator and Mojing Sibo. The Liberator is considered to be editorially left-wing due to its affiliation with the Liberationists, while the Mojing Sibo is editorially right-wing. Other newspapers include Namor Daily and The Commoner Mandate.

Music

Ancient Namorese musicians

Namorese music has a long history dating back to the Pre-Imperial era. Possession of musical skills was considered a basic quality of a well-rounded person in ancient Namorese society, along with calligraphy and martial arts skills.

The Kageng - a 21-stringed zither instrument - originated in the Pre-Imperial era and is said to have inspired similar zither instruments in other Monic cultures. Various ethnic groups within Namor have their own instruments, such as the Tuhaoese dan tranh.

Namorese popular music, or N-Pop, emerged in the 1950s in Peitoa with the rise of musicians such as Tzang Jeli, Yu Haiying and Gu Sang. Peitoan N-Pop experienced a surge in popularity in the mainland after authorities stopped censoring it. This led to a new N-Pop wave, this time led primarily by mainland artists. N-Pop played a substantial role in driving democratic reforms, as many artists composed songs that criticized government corruption and called for change.

Sports

Masut is an ancient Namorese sport derived from martial arts

Masut is the national sport of Namor. Derived from traditional martial arts, masut involves mastery of the eighteen arms of war as well as hand-to-hand combat. Annual Masut competitions are held at the local level.

Besides Masut, other popular sports in Namor include badminton, baseball and table tennis.

The National Games is the largest domestic multi-sport event. The Games were first held at the height of Green Fever in 1942 as the "Liberationism Games," but were renamed to the National Games during the 3rd edition in 1954. Most events in the National Games are identical to those of the Esquarian Games, although indigenous sports such as Masut are also featured.

Namor is a regular participant in international multi-sport events, having participated in the 2014 Esquarian Winter Games, 2014 Esquarian Summer Games and 2016 Esquarian Summer Games. It also took part in the first, second, third, fourth and sixth editions of the Coupe d'Esquarium.

Cinema

Under Liberationist rule, the Namorese film industry was state-run. As a result, many films actively promoted Liberationism or the cult of personality of Antelope Yunglang. This began to change in the 1960s, when a more liberal attitude was adopted towards filmmaking. Around the same time, Namorese-language cinema was mostly represented by the cinema of Peitoa, which was considerably more liberal.

Literature

Su Feng, considered to be the "father of Namorese literature"

Literature in Namor has a long history. In the beginning, tales were communicated orally, but during the Bo dynasty stories began to be inscribed on paper. The practice is said to have been popularized by Su Feng, a poet-historian who composed the Nushenshi - an epic detailing the goddess Nushen's rise to power and subsequent reign over Nozama. Su went on to compose The History of Nozama, a history of Namor up until the Bo era written in the form of an epic that is still studied by historians today. Su's contributions to literature has earned him the title of "father of Namorese literature."

Namorese literature entered a new phase in the Republican era. While most ancient stories dealt with mythological figures and were written in classical Namorese, contemporary literature were centered around the themes of revolution, social change and criticism of the so-called "old ways," and were written in the vernacular. This "first revolutionary wave" produced works such as Yin Gang's The Making of a Rebel and Txo Ukshan's Eternal Spring.

Democratization in the 1950s and 1960s caused the "second revolutionary wave" that produced literature critical of the Liberationist Party, such as Hang Jungte's Green which detailed the experiences of intellectuals during the Green Fever. The literature greatly accelerated political reform in the country.

Cuisine

Rice is a main staple of Namorese cuisine

Namorese cuisine is a subset of Monic cuisine, and thus shares several similarities with the cuisines of other Monic countries.

Considered the "national grain," rice is a main staple of Namorese cuisine. While Namor is the largest producer of rice, it is also the largest consumer, meaning that most rice produced in Namor are sold domestically.

The dishes that accompany rice vary by region. In the south, seafood dishes are popular, while in the north dumplings and meat buns tend to be popular. Hot pot, a stew that originated in Shanpei during the time of the Jidu dynasty, is most popular in the north but has spread to other parts of the country.

Regions and minorities also have their own popular dishes. Pho noodle soup (Fen in Namorese) is considered the Tuhaoese national dish.

Tea is the traditional national drink of the Namorese people. Several regions boast their own variations of tea, such as Minjian's Minlong tea and East Namor's jasmine tea.