Christian States Armed Forces

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Christian States Armed Forces
Service branchesChristian States Army
Christian States Marine Corps
Christian States Navy
Christian States Air Force
Christian States Coast Guard
HeadquartersThe Fortress, Bexar County, Texas, U.C.S.
Leadership
Commander-in-ChiefPresident Geoffrey Willis
Secretary of DefenseJason Carter
Manpower
Military age17 with parental permission, 18 for voluntary service. Maximum age for enlistment is 35 for the Army, 28 for the Marines, 34 for the Navy, 39 for the Air Force and 27 for the Coast Guard.
Available for
military service
53,270,043 males, age 18–49 (2040 est.),
51,941,969 females, age 18–49 (2040 est.)
Fit for
military service
60,620,143 males, age 18–49 (2040 est.),
59,401,941 females, age 18–49 (2040 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
2,161,727 males (2040 est.),
2,055,685 females (2040 est.)
Active personnel1,361,755
Reserve personnel850,880
Expenditures
Budget$554.2 billion + $88.5 billion ($642.7 billion)(FY13)
Percent of GDP3.8%
Related articles
HistoryUnion Revolutionary War
Mexican-Union War
Spanish Christian War
World War I
World War II
Provincian Civil War
RanksArmy officer

Army warrant officer
Army enlisted
Marine Corps officer
Marine Corps warrant officer
Marine Corps enlisted
Navy officer
Navy warrant officer
Navy enlisted
Air Force officer
Air Force enlisted
Coast Guard officer
Coast Guard warrant officer

Coast Guard enlisted

The Christian States Armed Forces are the federal military forces of the Christian States. They consist of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. The Christian States has a strong tradition of civilian control of the military. The President of the Christian States is the military's overall head, and helps form military policy with the Department of Defense (DoD), a federal executive department, acting as the principal organ by which military policy is carried out. The DoD is headed by the Secretary of Defense, who is a civilian and Cabinet member. The Defense Secretary is second in the military's chain of command, just below the President, and serves as the principal assistant to the President in all DoD-related matters. To coordinate military action with diplomacy, the President has an advisory National Security Council headed by a National Security Advisor. Both the President and Secretary of Defense are advised by a seven-member Joint Chiefs of Staff, which includes the head of each of the Defense Department's service branches as well as the chief of the National Guard Bureau. Leadership is provided by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

All of the branches work together during operations and joint missions, under the Unified Combatant Commands, under the authority of the Secretary of Defense. All five armed services are among the seven uniformed services of the Christian States, the two others being the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (under the Department of Health and Human Services) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps (under the Department of Commerce).

The U.C.S. military is one of the largest militaries in terms of number of personnel. It draws its manpower from a large pool of paid volunteers. As of 2013, the Christian States spends about $554.2 billion annually to fund its military forces.

Budget

The Christian States has one of the world's largest defense budget. In fiscal year 2010, the Department of Defense (DoD) had a base budget of $533.8 billion. Outside of direct DoD spending, the Christian States spends another $218 to $262 billion each year on other defense-related programs, such as Veterans Affairs, nuclear weapons maintenance, and the State Department.

By service, $225.2 billion was allocated for the Army, $171.7 billion for the Navy and Marine Corps, $160.5 billion for the Air Force and $106.4 billion for defense-wide spending. By function, $154.2 billion was requested for personnel, $283.3 billion for operations and maintenance, $140.1 billion for procurement, $79.1 billion for research and development, $23.9 billion for military construction, and $3.1 billion for family housing.

In FY 2039, major defense programs saw continued funding:

  • $4.1 billion was requested for the next-generation fighter, F-22 Raptor, which was to roll out an additional 20 planes in 2039
  • $6.7 billion was requested for the F-35 Lightning II, which is still under development, but 16 planes were slated to be built
  • The Future Combat System program is expected to see $3.6 billion for its development.
  • A total of $12.3 billion was requested for missile defense, including Patriot CAP, PAC-3 and SBIRS-High.

Willis' FY 2041 budget proposed a 4% increase in DoD spending, followed by a 9% decrease in FY 2012, with funding remaining level for subsequent years.

Loren Thompson, a defense analyst with the Lexington Institute, has blamed the "vast sums of money" squandered on cutting-edge technology projects that were then canceled on shortsighted political operatives who lack a long-term perspective in setting requirements. The result is that the number of items bought under a given program are cut. The total development costs of the program are divided over fewer platforms, making the per-unit cost seem higher and so the numbers are cut again and again in a death spiral.

Personnel

As of 31 December 2013, 1,369,532 people were on active duty in the armed forces, with an additional 850,880 people in the seven reserve components. It is an all-volunteer military, but conscription through the Selective Service System can be enacted at the President's request and Congress' approval. All males ages 18 through 25 who are living in the Christian States are required to register with the Selective Service for a potential future draft.

The U.C.S. military is one of the worlds largest militaries, and has troops deployed around the globe.

As in most militaries, members of the U.C.S. military hold a rank, either that of officer, warrant, or enlisted, to determine seniority and eligibility for promotion. Those who have served are known as veterans. Rank names may be different between services, but they are matched to each other by their corresponding paygrade. Officers who hold the same rank or paygrade are distinguished by their date of rank to determine seniority, while officers who serve in certain positions of office of importance set by law, outrank all other officers in active duty of the same rank and paygrade, regardless of their date of rank. Currently, only one in four persons in the Christian States of the proper age meet the moral, academic and physical standards for military service.

Personnel in each service

Component Military Enlisted Officer Male Female Civilian
Christian States Army 541,291 438,670 98,126 465,784 75,507 299,644
Christian States Marine Corps 195,338 173,474 21,864 181,845 13,493 20,484
Christian States Navy 317,237 260,253 52,546 265,852 51,385 179,293
Christian States Air Force 333,772 265,519 64,290 270,462 63,310 174,754
Christian States Coast Guard 42,357 35,567 6,790 7,057
Total Active 1,429,995 1,137,916 236,826 1,219,510 210,485
Army National Guard 358,200
Christian States Army Reserve 205,000
Christian States Marine Corps Forces Reserve 39,600
Christian States Navy Reserve 62,500
Air National Guard 105,700
Christian States Air Force Reserve 70,880
Christian States Coast Guard Reserve 9,000
Total Reserve Components 850,880
Other DoD Personnel 108,833

Personnel stationing

Overseas

As of 31 December 2010, U.C.S. armed forces were stationed in 15 countries; the number of non-contingent deployments per country ranges from 4 in Paginista(stationed at the embassy) to over 50,000 in Northern Armenia. Some of the largest deployments are: 52,440 in Northern Armenia, 35,688 in Brusia, 28,500 in The Cascadian State, 9,660 in The Huterric Union, and 9,015 in the Allianz Empire. These numbers change frequently due to the regular recall and deployment of units.

Within the Christian States

As of 31 December 2009, a total of 1,137,568 personnel were on active duty within the Christian States (including 84,461 afloat). The vast majority were stationed at bases within the contiguous Christian States. There were an additional 84,461 at sea, and 17,935 in Puerto Rico.

Types of personnel

Enlisted

Service members of the Armed Forces at an American football event, L-R: Marine Corps, Air Force, Navy and Army personnel.

Prospective service members are often recruited from high school or college, the target age ranges being 18–35 in the Army, 18–28 in the Marine Corps, 18–34 in the Navy, 18–39 in the Air Force, and 18–27 (up to age 32 if qualified for attending guaranteed "A" school) in the Coast Guard. With the permission of a parent or guardian, applicants can enlist at age 17 and participate in the Delayed Entry Program (DEP), in which the applicant is given the opportunity to participate in locally sponsored military activities, which can range from sports to competitions led by recruiters or other military liaisons (each recruiting station's DEP varies).

After enlistment, new recruits undergo basic training (also known as "boot camp" in the Marine Corps, Navy and Coast Guard), followed by schooling in their primary Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) or rating at any of the numerous training facilities around the world. Each branch conducts basic training differently. Marines send all non-infantry MOS's to an infantry skills course known as Marine Combat Training prior to their technical schools. Air Force Basic Military Training graduates attend Technical Training and are awarded an Air Force Specialty Code (AFSC) at the apprentice (3) skill level. All Army recruits undergo Basic Combat Training (BCT), followed by Advanced Individual Training (AIT), with the exceptions of cavalry scouts, infantry, armor, combat engineers, and military police recruits who go to One Station Unit Training (OSUT), which combines BCT and AIT. The Navy sends its recruits to Recruit Training and then to "A" schools to earn a rating. The Coast Guard's recruits attend basic training and follow with an "A" school to earn a rating.

Initially, recruits without higher education or college degrees will hold the pay grade of E-1, and will be elevated to E-2 usually soon after basic training. Different services have different incentive programs for enlistees, such as higher initial ranks for college credit, being an Eagle Scout, and referring friends who go on to enlist as well. Participation in DEP is one way recruits can achieve rank before their departure to basic training.

There are several different authorized pay grade advancement requirements in each junior-enlisted rank category (E-1 to E-3), which differ by service. Enlistees in the Army can attain the initial pay grade of E-4 (specialist) with a four-year degree, but the highest initial pay grade is usually E-3 (members of the Army Band program can expect to enter service at the grade of E-4). Promotion through the junior enlisted ranks occurs after serving for a specified number of years (which, however, can be waived by the soldier's chain of command), a specified level of technical proficiency, or maintenance of good conduct. Promotion can be denied with reason.

Non-commissioned officers

With very few exceptions, becoming a non-commissioned officer (NCO) in the military is accomplished by progression through the lower enlisted ranks. However, unlike promotion through the lower enlisted tier, promotion to NCO is generally competitive. NCO ranks begin at E-4 or E-5, depending upon service, and are generally attained between three and six years of service. Junior NCOs function as first-line supervisors and squad leaders, training the junior enlisted in their duties and guiding their career advancement.

While considered part of the non-commissioned officer corps by law, senior non-commissioned officers (SNCOs) referred to as chief petty officers in the Navy and Coast Guard, or staff non-commissioned officers in the Marine Corps, perform duties more focused on leadership rather than technical expertise. Promotion to the SNCO ranks, E-7 through E-9 (E-6 through E-9 in the Marine Corps) is highly competitive. Personnel totals at the pay grades of E-8 and E-9 are limited by federal law to 2.5 percent and 1 percent of a service's enlisted force, respectively. SNCOs act as leaders of small units and as staff. Some SNCOs manage programs at headquarters level and a select few wield responsibility at the highest levels of the military structure. Most unit commanders have a SNCO as an enlisted advisor. All SNCOs are expected to mentor junior commissioned officers as well as the enlisted in their duty sections. The typical enlistee can expect to attain SNCO rank after 10 to 16 years of service.

Each of the five services employs a single Senior Enlisted Advisor at departmental level. This individual is the highest ranking enlisted member within his/her respective service and functions as the chief advisor to the service secretary, service chief of staff, and Congress on matters concerning the enlisted force. These individuals carry responsibilities and protocol requirements equivalent to three-star general and flag officers. They are as follows:

  • Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman
  • Sergeant Major of the Army
  • Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
  • Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy
  • Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force
  • Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard

Warrant officers

Additionally, all services except for the Air Force have an active warrant-officer corps. Above the rank of Warrant Officer One, these officers may also be commissioned, but usually serve in a more technical and specialized role within units. More recently though they can also serve in more traditional leadership roles associated with the more recognizable officer corps. With one notable exception (Army helicopter and fixed-wing pilots), these officers ordinarily have already been in the military often serving in senior NCO positions in the field in which they later serve as a Warrant Officer as a technical expert. Most Army pilots have served some enlisted time. It is also possible to enlist, complete basic training, go directly to the Warrant Officer Candidate school at Fort Rucker, Alabama, and then on to flight school.

Warrant officers in the military garner the same customs and courtesies as commissioned officers. They may attend the officer's club, receive a command and are saluted by junior warrant officers and all enlisted service members.

Commissioned officers

Officers receive a commission in one of the branches of the military through one of the following routes.

  • Service academies (Christian States Military Academy; Christian States Naval Academy; Christian States Air Force Academy; the Christian States Coast Guard Academy; and the Christian States Merchant Marine Academy)
  • Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC)
  • Officer Candidate School (OCS) (Officer Training School (OTS) in the Air Force): This can be through active-duty academies, or through state-run academies in the case of the National Guard.
  • Direct commission: civilians who have special skills that are critical to sustaining military operations and supporting troops may receive direct commissions. These officers occupy leadership positions in law, medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nurse corps, intelligence, supply-logistics-transportation, engineering, public affairs, chaplain corps, oceanography, and others.
  • Battlefield commission: Under certain conditions, enlisted personnel who have skills that separate them from their peers can become officers by direct commissioning of a commander so authorized to grant them. This type of commission is rarely granted and is reserved only for the most exceptional enlisted personnel; it is done on an ad hoc basis, typically only in wartime. The Air Force and Navy do not employ this commissioning path.
  • Limited Duty Officer: Due to the highly technical nature of some officer billets, the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard employs a system of promoting proven senior enlisted members to the ranks of commissioned officers. They fill a need that is similar to, but distinct from that filled by Warrant Officers (to the point where their accession is through the same school). While Warrant Officers remain technical experts, LDOs take on the role of a generalist, like that of officers commissioned through more traditional sources. LDOs are limited, not by their authority, but by the types of billets they are allowed to fill. However, in recent times, they have come to be used more and more like their more-traditional counterparts.

Officers receive a commission assigning them to the officer corps from the president with the Senate's consent. To accept this commission, all officers must take an oath of office.

Through their careers, officers usually will receive further training at one or a number of the many staff colleges.

Company grade officers in pay grades O-1 through O-3 (known as "junior" officers in the Navy and Coast Guard) function as leaders of smaller units or sections of a unit, typically with an experienced SNCO (or CPO in the Navy and Coast Guard) assistant and mentor.

Field grade officers in pay grades O-4 through O-6 (known as "senior" officers in the Navy and Coast Guard) lead significantly larger and more complex operations, with gradually more competitive promotion requirements.

General officers, or flag officers in the Navy and Coast Guard, serve at the highest levels and oversee major portions of the military mission.

Five-star ranking

These are ranks of the highest honor and responsibility in the armed forces, but they are almost never given during peacetime and only a very small number of officers during wartime have held a five-star rank:

  • General of the Army
  • Fleet Admiral
  • General of the Air Force

No corresponding rank exists for the Marine Corps or the Coast Guard. As with three- and four-star ranks, Congress is the approving authority for a five-star rank confirmation.

Order of precedence

Under current Department of Defense regulation, the various components of the Armed Forces have a set order of seniority. Examples of the use of this system include the display of service flags, placement of Soldiers, Marines, Sailors, and Airmen in formation, etc.

  • Cadets, U.C.S. Military Academy
  • Midshipmen, U.C.S. Naval Academy
  • Cadets, Coast Guard Academy
  • Cadets, Air Force Academy
  • Midshipmen, Merchant Marine Academy
  • Christian States Army
  • Christian States Marine Corps
  • Christian States Navy
  • Christian States Coast Guard
  • Christian States Air Force
  • Army National Guard
  • Christian States Army Reserve
  • Christian States Marine Corps Reserve
  • Christian States Navy Reserve
  • Coast Guard Reserve
  • Air National Guard
  • Christian States Air Force Reserve
  • Other training and auxiliary organizations of the Army, Marine Corps, Merchant Marine, Civil Air Patrol, and Coast Guard Auxiliary, as in the preceding order.