|Restored Oligarchic Senate of Vvarden
Elenathdeni Memdwarerchono urns Vvardeni
|Motto: "Ero va Diretho thundin ienarus va birus, mur enmo faraxo dromama ferro ol."
"We of the South wear the hides of wolves, but our hearts are steel within."
|Anthem: United Vvarden, Ancient Land|
|Recognised regional languages||Bevenian, Bescoz, Old Vvarde|
|-||Prime Minister||Xoán-Alexandre do Pereyro|
|-||Subjugation of local Veyene and Celtic peoples by the Fiorentine Empire||50-60 B.C|
|-||Danvardic Kingdom established||523 C.E|
|-||The Great War||1895 C.E|
|-||Vvardeni Civil War||1934 C.E|
|-||Second Glorious Revolution||1989 C.E|
|Date format||dd ˘ mm ˘ yyyy|
|Drives on the||left|
Vvarden, officially called the ... (Vvardeni: ..., literally meaning "..."), or also known as the ..., is a ... on the continent of Asura located within Aeia. The official language is Vvardeni, which is the most widely spoken Vvardo-Bevenian language in the world.
Vvarden is considered to be a regional or secondary power in Asura and in Aeia, due to its central position in Western Asura despite its relative obscurity in recent years. It keeps up a social security and universal health care system, and a tuition-free university education. Vvarden performs well in international rankings: it is 12th in quality of life, 15th in Good Country Index, 13th in inequality-adjusted human development, 19nd in the Social Progress Index, 20nd in Global Innovation Index and ranks as the 10th safest country in the world. Well known for its rich cultural history, Vvarden has contributed significantly to arts, music, literature, sports and science and technology. Vvarden is the 5th most popular country as a tourist destination in Asura, attracting 24.3 million international tourists in 2017. Vvarden's capital, and its largest city and metropolis is Zoroshthurvan, a significant economic hub which has been classified as a major city on the continent of Asura.
Before the migration of the Danvarde to Western Asura, the area was inhabited by various proto-Lhaeraidh and Veyene peoples before being subjugated under the Fiorentine Empire. A short time after the Fiorentine Empire's collapse, the Danvarde, the ancestors of the Vvardeni, began migrating from central Majula. The Danvarde eventually settled down in the mountain valleys and highlands of Eastern Vvarden, before conquering many of the neighbouring Fiorentine and Celtic states, establishing the Danvardic Kingdom in 523. Over the next few hundred years, the ethnic distinction between the indigenous proto-Lhaeraidh-Veyene-Fiorentine population and the Varde had mostly dissipated, with the Old Varde language being consigned to the declining function of a church language by the time of the abolishment of having different laws for Fiorentines and for Vardene peoples in 654. The nobility of the Danvardic Kingdom, in particular the Mayors of the Palace, slowly gained power from the monarchy and from one another, turning them into little more than figureheads. Eventually the reign of the Danvardic Rechimundingi dynasty came to an end when one of the Mayors of the Palace, Vermudo de Lugones, removed the figurehead King Gandolfo, establishing the Kingdom of Lugonia.
With the forced abdication of King Xoán II of Lugonia by his sons in 1138, the Kingdom of Lugonia split into three separate kingdoms of Floriana, Lusitaina and Albeona. The three kingdoms were eventually reunited in 1324 (Floriana and Lusitaina in 1214, Albeona later) under a recreated crown of Lugonia. In 1444, the crowns of the kingdoms of Portucaria and Lugonia were united by the marriage of Xabela I of Portucaria and Lois III of Lugonia. This act of union, however, was a union in title only, as each region retained its own political and judicial structure. However, when the throne of both realms passed to Lois' grandson Xaime I in 1453 upon Lois' death, the two were officially merged into the newly created Kingdom of Vvarden.
After the unification of Vvarden, sailors began exploring the west coast of Arabekh and Majula, with the first voyages occurring around 1418-1419. Using recent developments in navigation, cartography and maritime technology such as the caravel, Vvardeni explorers discovered parts of Rennekka and Vestrim, setting up a great many trading posts and fortifications to secure the route to Yidao. During this time, Vvarden monopolized the spice trade, and the empire expanded with military campaigns in Yidao. Vvardeni prominence increased further with the death of King Xaime II, in 1530, which led to a personal union between Vvarden and ... . In 1620, a revolt spearheaded by prominent nobles brought King Xoán V de ... to power, ending the union with ... .
Vvarden was plagued by dynastic conflicts in the latter half of the 18th and early 19th century culminating in the declaration of a Republic of Vvarden in 1830, which was quickly crushed by Vvarden and its allies. However, democratic sympathies remained, finding allies among other political movements such as the ..., who supported a constitutional monarchy, and the ..., who sought to see the throne pass to ... de ..., only child of King Uxío. These groups made an alliance in 1850, resulting in the Second ... War. After the 1930 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Republic of Vvarden was established. However, tensions between authoritarian and conservative groups favouring the return of the monarchy, and democratic, socialist, communist, and liberal groups that wanted Vvarden's liberal experiment to continue grew over the next half-decade, eventually culminating in the Vvardeni Civil War. The fighting was bloody and violent across Vvarden, with the Republicans gaining the upper hand. Those that had supported the monarchy fled to Vvarden's colonies to set up a Vvarden-in-exile. Radical communist and socialist groups that fought for the Republic conducted a coup, purging many anti-communist elements from Vvarden and instituting a dictatorial Democratic People's Republic of Vvarden.
In 1989, due to long running political repression, food shortages, a stagnant economy, and failed reforms, protesters backed by the military overthrew the dictatorship. In the following months, the Vvardeni government-in-exile was absorbed back into Vvarden and many conservative, monarchist, and reactionary elements returned to Vvardeni society. After much deliberation by the military junta, the Provisional Union of Vvarden was established three months after the revolution in order to stabilize the country and pave the way for whatever party the people would decide on. The Vvardeni Integralist Party came into power, with the backing of the returning monarchy, and restored the Kingdom of Vvarden in 1990.
Vvarden has left a profound cultural and architectural influence across the globe and a legacy of ... million Vvardeni speakers, especially in former colonies and current possessions of Vvarden, from which many Vvardeni-based creoles exist.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Prehistory
- 2.2 Fiorentine Empire
- 2.3 Post-Fiorentine Period
- 2.4 Middle Ages
- 2.5 Early Modern Period
- 2.6 The de Aguia Dictatorship and the Enlightenment
- 2.7 Nineteenth Century
- 2.8 The Great War
- 2.9 Interwar Period
- 2.10 Second Great War
- 2.11 The Vvardeni Civil War
- 2.12 1934-1989
- 2.13 Contemporary Vvarden
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and Politics
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
The Vvardeni Migration to Asura
Coinciding with the decline of the Fiorentine Empire, many barbarian tribes passed through Vvarden, most of whom did not leave any lasting state. During the Dark Ages, Western Asura regressed culturally and economically, although enclaves of prosperity and culture persisted along the coastal towns of the Opal Ocean and the major cities in the south. As the Fiorentine Empire withdrew its borders more and more, in an attempt to consolidate its waning power, vast areas were de-urbanised, roads abandoned and native populations may have withdrawn to isolated areas such as mountains and forests. However, the Fiorentine-speaking nobility within the fortified city-states and the successor states of southern Vvarden managed to retain their culture and language, surviving today as part of the Vvardo-Bevenian languages.
The Danvarde, upon entering Vvarden, encountered a predominantly proto-Lhaeraidh populace, small tribal groups from earlier migrations, and Fiorentine remnants. The greatest of the Fiorentine remnant states in eastern Vvarden was Saraguesta, who gave the Danvarde better grazing land in return for their employment as mercenaries against other powers. This arrangement proved beneficial to the Danvarde, who became notorious as shock troops among the Fiorentine successor states. In around 521, the pro-Danvarde rex of Saraguesta, Majorian, was assassinated by his rivals, and Saraguestan legions started to massacre the families of hundreds of Danvarde soldiers. The son of the late High King Ereveix, Ervixio, fought a decisive battle against the Saraguestans before razing the town. Ervixio, recognizing the need for strong defences for his people, moved into the city in 523, settling down from their nomadic life, creating the Danvardic Kingdom and establishing the Rechimundingi dynasty.
Despite their quick and successful conquest of Saarauqusta in 523, which was fairly wealthy and located in a strategic position, the Danvardic Kingdom still had many problems to deal with within their first few decades. Disputing regional powers surrounded the Danvardic Kingdom, such as the coastal state of Seaia, the Fiorentine remnant state of Noviodunum, and the Celtic kingdoms of Avankario and Donobria. Following his father, High King Ervixio, High King Éxica defeated the Noviodunic general Vinicianus and conquered the Kingdom of Noviodunum, defeated the Celtic kingdoms of Avankario and Donobria in 536 and established Danvardic hegemony over them. Éxica then defeated the Seaia in 547 and conquered all of their territory along the Opal Ocean. By the end of his life in 568, Éxica ruled all of Vvarden south of the Minho river, save a long coastal strip stretching to modern-day Oedhabwr, and large parts of northern Carcossica including most of the modern-day provinces of Cost Aun'Uogne, Pinruth and Kiezhkuo. Over the next five decades, Éxica's descendants - his son Kintila, and his grandchildren Unxila, and Atanaxildo - slowly carried out their predecessor's goal of centralizing power within the Danvardic Kingdom.
At the Council of 618, the leaders of the now-dissolved tribal groups were accommodated with land, estates, and serfs to work the land and estates, creating a system that would be the precursor to feudalism. The ethnic distinction between the indigenous Celto-Veyene-Fiorentine population and the Danvarde had largely disappeared by this time, with the Danvardic language having lost its last and probably already declining function as a church language when the Danvarde fully converted to Alydianism in 595 under Teodegildo I. The Vardene Code, completed in 654, abolished the old tradition of having different laws for Fiorentines and for Vardenes.
Internally, the lands of a late king were divided his sons and grandsons. While initially not a problem for the first century of Danvarde rule, the next century frequently saw war between different kings, who quickly allied among themselves and against one another. The death of one king created conflict between the surviving brothers and the deceased's sons, with differing outcomes, and due to the law that the land of a ruler was divided among his heirs, the Danvardic Kingdom frequently became split or fractured before being united by a single ruler. The frequent wars weakened royal power, while the aristocracy had made great gains and procured enormous concessions from the high kings in exchange of their loyalty. Many kings came to the throne at a young age and died in the prime of life, weakening royal power further. Atanaxildo's descendant, Teodegildo III, who led armies to conquer Lhaeridhic lands and pagan Arzvans in the east, is commonly seen as the last powerful Rechimundingi King. In 820, upon the death of High King Xuntomiro, his lands were divided between his sons Xaudemiro and Xelimiro. An invasion from the north swallowed Xaudemiro's half, and he fled in exile. Over the next few decades, Danvardic lands shrank to foreign conquests and rebelling nobles until it was reduced to a rump state in the mountains of central Vvarden. In 851, the Mayor of the Palace, Vermudo deposed the last member of the Rechimundingi dynasty, Gandolfo Rechimundingi, tonsuring him and exiling him to live out the rest of his days in a monastery, ending over three hundred years of Danvardic rule. With the support of the remaining nobility and the blessing of the Pope, Vermudo became the first King of Lugonia.
Upon the crowning of King Vermudo, Lugonia was but a small territorial independent entity established in the Lugonian mountains. Vermudo's leadership was not comparable to that of the Danvardic kings. The Kingdom of Lugonia originated as a focus of leadership over other peoples of the Lugonian mountains that had resisted the Fiorentines as well as the Danvardic Kingdom and that were not willing to subject themselves to yet another wave of foreign conquests. Immigrants from across the former Danvardic Kingdom, fleeing from violence, brought a Danvardic influence to the Lugonian kingdom. However, at the beginning of the 10th century, Payo I's will cursed the Danvardes, blaming them for the decline of the Danvardic Kingdom. During the first decades, Lugonian control over the different areas of the kingdom was lax and so it had to be continually strengthened through matrimonial alliances with other powerful families from central and eastern Vvarden. Thus, Ermesinda, Vermudo's daughter, was married to Vimara Lopes, Dux of Calliza, who founded the Vimaranis dynasty. Payo's son Silo married Majaris, a Veyene princess from Jisthajesen, while his daughter Adosinda married Menendo, a local chief from the area of Seuriga.
Veremudo founded a dynasty in Lugonia that survived for fifty years and gradually expanded the kingdom's boundaries, until all of mid-eastern Vvarden was included by his grandson, Mauro's death in 901. After Vermudo's death in 869, his son Suero was elected king. Suero, according to the chronicles, was unexpectedly killed by a bear in 873 while hunting in one of the trials of courage normally required of the nobility in that era. But there is no other such incident known from the long history of monarchs and others at the sport, and the case is suspiciously similar to the Danvardic legend of their first king, Ermanerixo, taken by a sudden storm. Suero's nephew, Mauro, became king in 888 after his father, Luva died after falling off his horse following a chaotic battle against a migrating Veyene army.
The immediate consequence when the childless king Mauro died in 901 was that the rule of the Lugonians passed from the House de Lugones, to Mauro's brother-in-law, Payo of the Vimaranis dynasty, through a marriage alliance to Mauro's sister. The Vimaranis dynasty descended from Veremudo through his daughter, Ermesinda. The female ties and rights of inheritance were still respected, and in later cases would allow the regency or crown for their husbands too. The reign of King Payo I from 901 to 945 saw further expansion of the kingdom to the south and west, almost as far as Olizbon near the coast. It was during Payo I's reign that the kingdom was firmly established, repopulating parts of central Vvarden and incorporating them into the Kingdom of Lugonia. During this time, medieval Vvardeni culture began to develop, and the Old Vvardene language became the language of preference for poetry and songs in southwestern Asura, earning it the nickname, "The language of troubadours".
With the forced abdication of Xoán II by his sons in 1138, the Kingdom of Lugonia split into three separate kingdoms of Floriana, Lusitaina and Albeona. The three kingdoms were eventually reunited in 1324 (Floriana and Lusitaina in 1214, Albeona later) under a recreated crown of Lugonia. In 1444, the crowns of the kingdoms of Portucaria and Lugonia were united by the marriage of Xabela I of Portucaria and Lois III of Lugonia, forming a unified Kingdom of Vvarden.
Early Modern Period
The Vvardeni colonial empire was initially a trade-based entity which derived most of its influence from merchant enterprise and Vvardeni control of international maritime shipping routes through strategically placed outposts, such as in the case of the Ilhas do Vera Lume and the Ilhas do Lume Sagrado. However, several opportunities, when presenting themselves, allowed the Vvardeni to take large colonial holdings, for example the possession of ... in nearby Majula. In the wake of the unification of Vvarden, Vvardeni and Bevenian sailors began exploring the west coast of Arabekh and Majula and searched for a route across the Jade Ocean around 1418–19, using recent developments in navigation, cartography and maritime technology such as the caravel. These expeditions had the aim of finding a sea route to the source of the lucrative spice-trade which was otherwise blocked by the Alydianist-hostile ... . In 1488 Augusto Margarida Teixeira de Sanxurxo rounded the Cape of Hopeful Travels (Cabo da Viaxes Esperanxa), and in 1499 Llounguís Vigo reached Yidao in a competition with his rival, Midrasian explorer Delfino de Pallone, although having lost the venture by only a few weeks. In 1502, either by an accidental landfall or by the crown's secret design, Boaventura Linoes Cabral discovered ... on the Rennekkan coast, followed by numerous colonists and explorers over the next few hundred years.
Over the following decades, Vvardeni sailors continued to explore the coasts and islands of Majula, Southern Yidao, and Savai, establishing forts and factories as they went. By 1570 a string of naval outposts connected ... to ... along the coasts of Arabekh, Majula, Yidao and Savai.
Vvarden voluntarily entered a dynastic union with ... between 1532 and 1620. This occurred because the last two kings of the House of ... – King Xaime IV, who died in the battle of ... in ..., 1530, and his great-uncle and successor, King-Cardinal Fernan Bieito of Vvarden – both died without heirs, resulting in the Vvardeni succession crisis of 1532.
Subsequently, ... of ... claimed the throne and was accepted as Lois-Felip I of Vvarden. The joining of the two crowns deprived Vvarden of an independent foreign policy and led to its involvement in the ... Years' War, an act that devastated Vvardeni armies and led to great discontent among the nobility of Vvarden. Pro-independence Vvardeni nobles in particular were heavily repressed in the bloody ... in an attempt to tie Vvarden closer to ..., an act that drove many moderate nobles away from the ... monarchs. Colonists from ... were encouraged to emigrate to Vvardeni settlements and trading outposts, many of whom established ties that still exist today. During this time, the Vvardeni colonial empire continued to expand, despite the failure of several crucially needed administrative reforms during the reign of Pèire II Emanuel and Lois-Felip II due to lack of support among Vvardeni nobles. In 1620, a descendant of Xoán IV, Xoán V Paies de ... spearheaded an uprising backed by disgruntled nobles and was proclaimed king after a long and bloody war. The Vvardeni Restoration War ended the eighty eight year period of the ... Union under the House of ... . This was the beginning of the House of ... , which reigned in Vvarden for the next three hundred years until the deposition of the monarchy in the Coup of 1930.
King Lois IV's eldest son came to reign as Payo IV, however his physical and mental disabilities left him overpowered by his camarilla. In a palace coup organized by the King's wife, Maria Francisca of ..., and his brother, Xosé, Duke of ..., King Payo IV was declared mentally incompetent and exiled to the Royal Palace of Sintra in the Ilhas do Lume Sagrado. Payo's brother, Xosé became King Xosé II of Vvarden. Xosé II saw a reign characterized by the influx of gold into the coffers of the royal treasury, supplied largely by the royal fifth (a tax on precious metals) that was received from the Vvardeni colonies of ... and ... . Acting as an absolute monarch, Xosé II nearly depleted his country's tax revenues on ambitious architectural works, most notably Mafra Palace, and on commissions and additions for his sizable art and literary collections. His lavish spending on promoting the culture of Vvarden, including hiring foreign artists and setting up art schools across Vvarden, earned him the epithet ... .
The de Aguia Dictatorship and the Enlightenment
In 1738, Nicolau Xosé de Valpaxos e Aguia, 1st Marquis of Montalegre, began a diplomatic career as the Vvardeni Ambassador in Midrasia and later in Aquidneck. Whilst serving in Aquidneck, the once-widowed de Aguia had arranged a marriage between him and a high-ranking member of the Aquidish royal family. King Payo V of Vvarden was not pleased at de Aguia's ambition and recalled de Aguia to Vvarden in 1747. Payo V died the following year and his son, Manouel I of Vvarden, was crowned. In contrast to his father, Manouel I was fond of de Aguia and appointed Aguia as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
As the King's confidence in de Aguia increased, the King entrusted him with more control of the state. By 1755, Nicolau de Aguia was made Prime Minister. Impressed by ... economic success that he had witnessed from his time as an Ambassador, he successfully implemented similar economic policies in Vvarden. He abolished slavery in Vvarden and in the Vvardeni colonies in Majula, reorganized the army and the navy, restructured the University of ..., and ended discrimination against different Aylidianist sects in Vvarden. But Nicolau de Aguia's greatest reforms were economic and financial, with the creation of several companies and guilds to regulate every commercial activity. He marked down the fertile Douro region for production of Port to ensure the quality of Vvardeni wine, the first attempt to control wine quality and production in Asura. He ruled with a strong hand by imposing strict law upon all classes of Vvardeni society from the high nobility to the poorest working class, along with widespread reforms to improve the lives of the poor and to more effectively manage Vvarden's tax system. These reforms gained him enemies in the upper classes, especially among the high nobility, who despised him as a social upstart.
Manouel I gave his Prime Minister even more power following a Vvardeni economic boom, and Nicolau de Aguia became a powerful, progressive dictator serving under the King, at times being referred to as "The Hound of Vvarden" due to his loyal service. As his power grew, his enemies increased in number, and bitter disputes with the high nobility became frequent. In 1760 Manouel I was wounded in an attempted assassination. Nicolau de Aguia took his chance and many of his enemies, including the entirety of the Carvalxo family were implicated, stripped of their titles and executed after a quick trial. The ... were expelled from the country and their assets confiscated by the crown. Nicolau de Aguia's relentless prosecutions of all suspected of being involved, even women and children, broke the power of the aristocracy. King Manouel I, unphased by his Prime Minister's ruthlessness, made de Aguia Count of Oeiras in 1759. As Manouel I grew older and more infirm, de Aguia assumed more power. In the final years of Manouel's life, de Aguia was ruler of Vvarden in all but name, professing his loyalty to the throne whenever pressed. King Manouel's death in 1783 spelled the end for de Aguia's dictatorship.
Without the protection of the confidence of the King, he was suddenly vulnerable. The new ruler, Manouel's grandnephew, King Uxío, disliked the Marquis because of the power he amassed, and never forgave him for the ruthlessness with which he dispatched the Távora family, many of whom were his childhood friends. Upon his accession to the throne in 1783, Uxío banished Nicolau de Aguia from all of his political offices. The Marquis of Montalegre died on his estate in Montalegre in 1788, aged 78.
Opinion of Nicolau de Aguia would become heavily divided over the next few centuries, with many liberal and democratic groups calling him a Machiavellian plotter that ruled Vvarden with an iron fist, and authoritarian and integralist groups calling him a role model on how Vvardeni Prime Ministers should rule in conjunction with the autocratic monarchy.
The Great War
Second Great War
The 1930 Coup and the Republic
King Payo’s regime was racked with difficulties while Payo himself was faced with different personal tragedies within his life. During the Great War, his youngest brother Lois-Felip was killed during the Battle of Alfoz. In 1911 his wife and the Queen of Vvarden, Queen Uxía was assassinated by a Bevenian anarchist and in 1919 his eldest son and heir to the Crown of Vvarden, Crown Prince Lois, committed suicide in the mysterious Allariz Incident. In 1928 his remaining son and heir, Crown Prince Payo was assassinated at the Praza das Igrexas in Vvarden's capital with Payo himself wounded by the assassin. The deaths of most of his immediate family affected his reign and the political atmosphere around the crown, with many politicians calling into question both his family line and the survival of the monarchy.
King Payo X is portrayed to this day as a well-meaning, kind-hearted, honourable but tragic figure, one who was powerless to fix the problems of Vvarden until it was too late due to the Machiavellian and unscrupulous behaviour of his government ministers. Payo's overthrow and exile was considered the end of an era - the end of a classical and romantic period that oversaw the rise of Vvarden's colonial empire, as well as its newfound optimism in the wake of winning the Great War.
The Vvardeni Civil War
The Vvardeni Civil War broke out in 1934. For four years the nationalist, royalist, and integralist forces led by General Iago Teixeira fought against a loose alliance of anarchist, republican, communist, syndicalist and otherwise anti-nationalist forces, known as the CNASSA (Confederación Nacional dos Anarquistas, Sindicalistas, Socialistas e Antinacionalistas) led by Xabier Lalínes de Méixamo and Astulfo Sá. The civil war was viciously fought and there were many atrocities committed by both sides. The war claimed the lives of over 600,000 people and caused the flight of up to a half-million citizens from Vvarden. In 1938, CNASSA emerged victorious and assumed control of Vvarden for the next fifty-five years.
The state as established under De Méixamo was nominally neutral in the Second Great War, although sympathetic to the Communists. Shortly after the Civil War, the only party under De Méixamo's post-civil war regime was the Fronte Popular Unida, formed in 1938. Initially the party was a loose alliance between all anti-nationalist and socialist parties, including social democrats and a few centre-left organisations, but soon after gaining power, radical communists and syndicalists, backed by De Méixamo, conducted a purge against all non-communist elements. The Fronte Popular Unida was dissolved in 1939, with the only legal party being made De Méixamo's own party, the ... .
In the years after the Civil War, tens of thousands of prominent intellectuals, conservatives, integralists, monarchists and nationalists left the country, at first legally, but also illegally after the People's Republic closed all borders. These groups of people followed the monarchy to ... , where they became known as " Os Exiliados" or "The Exiles". There, they became fiercely involved in the movement to reclaim Vvarden and to "purify" it from communism, becoming radicalised as a result of their violent exile. Over time, the Exiliados became led by a coalition of authoritarian and nationalist parties. In 1940, a restructuring in the Vvardeni Government-in-Exile led to the new Vvardeni Integralist Party gaining power, which urged for the restoration of the monarchy. A King-in-Exile, Lois-Xelipe, was proclaimed in 1942, this time crowning the junior ... branch of the ... dynasty, as the elder one died out with the death of Payo VIII in 1933. The nature of the Exiliados changed Vvardeni culture, as never before had there been a greater support for anti-Communist and very authoritarian groups.
Once the Communist government became more entrenched, the number of arrests increased. All strata of society were involved, but prewar elites, such as intellectuals, clerics, teachers, former politicians, and anybody who could potentially form the nucleus of anti-Communist resistance were especially targeted. Even left-leaning politicians were subjected to extreme scrutiny, and many were sent to rehabilitation camps because they were not seen as being radical enough. The existing prisons were filled with political prisoners, and a new system of forced labor camps and prisons was created. A decision to put into practice the creation of several hydroelectric power plants in eastern Vvarden served as a pretext for the erection of several labor camps, where numerous people died. Another legacy of the Communist period in Vvarden was the communist regime's various projects to modernize Vvarden's infrastructure with mixed success. One notable example was the practice of demolishing large blocks of heritage buildings to make way for highways passing through the heart of the city. Another project included the creation of Cidade dos Traballadores or "City of the Workers" to become the new administrative capital. After the Glorious Revolution, Cidade dos Traballadores was renamed Loisana after King Lois-Xelipe I. Today, Loisana is one of the poorest cities in Vvarden, with large crime rates.
Despite yearly growth throughout the 1970s and 1980s, living standards in Vvarden remained some of Asura's lowest and as early as 1981, there were clear signs of public discontent, such as riots and an angry mob throwing rocks at an official helicopter. ... desired to repay loans from Asura to fund great projects, and thus enacted a harsh austerity policy, including rationing of food, gas, heating and electricity. People in cities had to turn to natural gas containers or charcoal stoves, even though they were connected to the gas mains. By 1984, despite a high crop yield and increased food production, wide-scale food rationing was introduced. Control over society became stricter and stricter, with phone bugging systems installed, and with the Vvardeni Secret Police recruiting more agents, extending censorship and keeping tabs and records on a large segment of the population. Due to this situation, income from tourism dropped substantially, the number of foreign tourists visiting Vvarden dropped by 75%, with the three main tour operators that organized trips in Vvarden leaving the country by 1987.