Vrnallian Chamber

From IIWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Vrnallian Chamber
Vrnaljaj Dnàje
31st Chamber
Type
Type
Term limits
Four years
History
Founded1899 (1899)
Preceded byRiksdag (during Lhedwin occupation), Vrnallian Oferthing (before occupation)
New session started
2020 (2020)
Leadership
Premier
Leader of the Opposition
Tivina Gramúsichto, Conservative Party
Since 2008
Speaker of the Chamber
Janda Hlugeci, Socialist Party
Since 2016
Structure
SeatsSixty
Vrnallia-parties.svg
Political groups
Government (39)

Opposition (21)

Elections
Alternative Vote
Last election
2016
Next election
2020
Meeting place
Federal Parliamentary Assembly of the United States of Vrnallia, Independence Square, Zalejk

The Chamber (Dnàje pronounced /ˈdⁿaːjɛ/) is the larger segment of the Vrnallian Parliament, along with the Council. The Chamber is typically thought of as being the legislative chamber, though this is not entirely accurate as it holds some executive power also.

The sixty-member Chamber is elected by the people using the alternative vote system in each of Vrnallia's sixty federal constituencies. The party or coalition with a majority of seats in the Chamber forms the government, while the remaining parties form the opposition. The Vrnallian Premier, properly styled Esteemed Premier of the United States of Vrnallia by Appointment of the First Minister, is typically appointed by the First Minister, hence the name, though the current Socialist Party Premier, Zujka Cismachà, was elected by her party as a whole and selected by the First Minister only in confirmation of this vote despite retaining the traditional name. The leader of the opposition is traditionally the most senior member of the largest opposition party or coalition.

The current government in the Chamber is made up of a Socialist-Progressive-Centrist coalition, while the opposition consists of the Conservative and Nationalist parties and an independent Representative, Zvabmo Dzygyn.

History

The Vrnallian Chamber has its origins in the moots held in the time of the Vrnallian Empire. The Vrnallian word dnàje originally means "gathering" or "assembly" from the Old Vrnallian stem dráhá- meaning "meet" or "come together". In the Empire, landholders would gather in Dvrieska's Jàriach Hall (Old Vrnallian: Ahárjáska) and debate issues affecting the Empire. After Vrnallia became a Lhaeraidd vassal, the system remained in a slightly altered form, with sixty landholding families - the nobility - selecting one of their own to represent them in the Jàriach Dnàje.

As Vrnallia evolved as a state the representatives were chosen from the nobility by all property-owning males in each constituency. Eventually with the writing of the First Constitution in 1773 the nobility was deposed and these representatives were directly elected by property-owning males. The Second Constitution of 1899 extended the vote to married women, and in 1920 universal franchise was introduced.

Before the Electoral Simplification Act

Until 1950 with the passage of the Electoral Simplification Act, the election process for the Chamber was complex (moreso than for the Council). Each state used its own choice of voting system, with a further distinction in the state of Mlekie-Vorod between the system used on Mlekie, Somu, Lomatka, Biara, Zolchohana, Lajabiara and Symad and the system used on Vorod and Irihtà (i.e. the separate states which existed before the Second Amendment to the Constitution). Furthermore due to state laws the restrictions on candidates running for election were inconsistent and archaic, such as men born on Vorod being able to stand for election to any island except Mlekie, except for two constituencies where they could stand in Mlekie and all the constituencies of Hujre where they could not stand (it must be noted that many of these rules had been ignored since universal enfranchisement). With the extension of voting these problems became more apparent hence the decision to simplify.

The Act established a standard set of rules for elections in Vrnallia: that all islands used one system of voting at each level of federal elections, that the only requirements for standing in an election were that a person meet a minimum age (twenty years for Representatives) and, for federal elections, be a native Vrnallian or second-generation migrant, and that states may choose voting systems for devolved elections freely with a majority parliamentary vote.

Powers

Constituencies and MPs

Current Composition