"सद्भाव आणि समृद्धी."
"Sadbhāva āṇi samr̥d'dhī"
"Harmony and Prosperity."
"उत्तम केशर साम्राज्य"
"Utkr̥ṣṭa kēśara sāmrājyah"
"Excellent Saffron Empire."
Location of Vijayadesh (dark green) in Majula (light green).
|Recognised regional languages||Markhese, Joharese, Parvatian, Sanglaese|
|Government||Confederal constitutional monarchy|
|-||Upper house||Princely Council, National Council|
|-||Lower house||Common Council|
|Drives on the||left|
Vijayadesh is classified as a confederal, parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The nation's constitution, the Rajyaghatana, was formally adopted in 1824 and outlines the nation's government, the power of the princes, and the rights of the citizenry. The constitution of the nation can be amended following a 2/3 majority vote in the Common Council and the National Council and with the approval of the Princely Council. Amendments must be given final approval by the Chhatrapati, however traditionally when an amendment it is typically approved by virtue of the backing of the Sansada. The Vijayan constitution has a number of special articles which attempt to outline the "unwritten relationship and mutual understanding between the Sansada and the Chhatrapati." These articles denote a number of traditions wherein the Chhatrapati may rely on the Sansada and the ministry of the Peshwa for consultation but ultimately the Chhatrapati maintains the chief executive office in the Vijayan Empire. The constitutional relationship between Chhatrapati, Peshwa, and the Sansada has been a point of criticism on both sides of the political spectrum due to its nonbinding and vague language. The most recent amendment to the Rajyaghatana was in 2004 wherein the right to healthcare was added to the rights of the citizenry. The Rajyaghatana legally describes Ananta Dharma as the national religion of the state.
The Chhatrapati (छत्रपती, Chhatrapatī) is the nation's monarch and as such is the highest executive office in the Vijayan Empire. The position of Chhatrapati is a hereditary position that has been held by the Ratnaparakhi Dynasty since the 1710s. The current Chhatrapati is Mayur II who was coronated in 1978 following the death of his father Chhatrapati Rajaram IV. The Chhatrapati maintains significant executive power within the Vijayan political system though certain restrictions are placed upon them through the nation's constitution. The constitution outlines a list of "unjust and tyrannical abuses of power to the detriment of the nation" which may be protested by the Sansada. The Princes of the Vijayan Empire are also afforded a clause which allows them to reject the rule of an unjust or illegitimate Chhatrapati and substitute the incumbent with an heir from one of the Six Families of Vijayadesh. In reality, this clause has never been used in the history of the nation's constitution nor has a Chhatrapati been declared as unjust or lacking of the support of the Princes, Sansada, and citizenry.