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|Union of Vestric Socialist Syndicates
Unioun dei Syndacatī Socialistī Vesparianī (Vesperian)
|Motto: "La scienza non conosce confinī, perché la conoscenza appartiene all'umanità ed è la torcia che illumina il monda."
"Science knows no borders, because knowledge belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world."
Ut ædificem libera Republica forti
"To build a mighty, free Republic"
The UVSS (green) in the UVR (light green)
|Largest city||Greater Opportunity|
|Official languages||None at Federal Level|
|Recognised national languages||Vesperian|
|Government||Judicious Libertarian-Futurist Confederal Republic|
|-||First Citizen||Hadrian Avouré|
|-||Prime Tribune of the Ecclesia||TBA|
|-||Prime Tribune of the Senate||TBA|
|-||Tribunal Magistrate||Ali Aledade|
|-||Upper house||National Directorate|
|Secession from the Vestric Republic|
|-||1,088,535.84 km2 (Xth)
676,384.8 sq mi
|-||2018 estimate||210,014,793 (Xth)|
|GDP (PPP)||2018 estimate|
|-||Total||6.3 Trillion (Xth)|
|-||Per capita||$30,350 (Xth)|
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
|-||Total||6.8 Trillion (Xth)|
|-||Per capita||$32,753 (Xth)|
|Gini (2018)|| 21
low · Xth
|HDI (2018)|| 0.908
very high · Xth
|Time zone||T (UTCT)|
|Date format||dd°mm°yyyy° CE|
|Drives on the||right|
The Union of Vestic Socialis Syndicates (Vesperian: Unioun dei Syndacatī Socialistī Vesparianī), often abbeviated as the UVSS or the USSV, also known as Vesperia, the Syndical Union, the Vestric Syndicates or the Syndicates, is a Confederal Futurist} Republic located in an area of central Vestrim known as the Avellian Ithmus, and is bordered by the XXX to the north, xxx to the east, the Columbian Sea and Uta to the south, and Varra and the Western Sea to the west. The UVSS is divided into 36 States and 5 Directive Territories, all of which encompass a total of 6 Directive Commonwealths. [..]==x==
- 1 History
- 1.1 Prehistory
- 1.2 Pre-Contact (300~ BCE - 1452 CE)
- 1.3 Post-Contact and Colonial Era (1453 - 1775)
- 1.4 Revolutionary War and Independence (1776 - 1780)
- 1.5 First Federation (1781 - 1809)
- 1.6 Vesperian Era (1810 - 1873)
- 1.7 Second Federation (1874 - 1914)
- 1.8 Giuseppe Era and Second Great War (1915 - 1945)
- 1.9 Vestric Cold War (1946 - 2017)
- 1.10 Modern Era (2018 - Present)
- 2 Geography, Wildlife & Climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government & Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Culture
Not much here
Pre-Contact (300~ BCE - 1452 CE)
Pre-Axlotl Period (300~ BCE - 924 CE)
- Pre-Axolotl Civilizations
- Bunch of events
Axlotl Period (924 - 1452 CE)
The War of the Tribes left most Native tribes in the area extremely weak and strained much of the nation's resources. Axlotuza of the city-state of Qultacoluaqtl, one of the few polities in the area that remained neutral during the conflict, quickly became a major trading hub following the discovery of massive Tin deposits in the city's outskirts, which became extremely valuable in the area following the depletion of the Tin reserves of various other powers. The once insignificant city quickly grew dramatically and was able to spread its influence to other cities. The farmlands of various city-states were grazed during the destructive war and mass famine occurred sometime in 912 and continued on for several years. Qultacoluaqtl, with much of its surrounding areas being abundant in fertile land, soon became a massive agricultural producer, further increasing the city's influence and making other cities over-reliant on them. The city-states' unprecedented growth eventually triggered a conflict between Qultacoluaqtl and various other city states sometime in 917. Qultacoluaqtl's monopoly on agricultural trade allowed it to muster up an alliance of friendly city-states and allies. The war quickly resulted in Axlotuza's favour in 921, with Qultacoluaqtl's rivals destroyed, and their cities razed along with all history behind them. The name of the cities and all records of their name were deemed as taboo the speak of and eventual became lost to history. Axlotuza eventually declared himself as the Divine Emperor following a ritual during a lunar eclipse in mid-April 924, religiously solidifying his claims. Under the new name of Aayn'seca, the newly formed empire started its expansion.
Expansion into the Great Wastes was slow. The arid terrain and vast canyon environment that dominated the area made early settlement extremely hard and proved to be a major geographic barrier. Most settlements were on the banks of the Black River. The domination of the area was a major objective for several emperors, it being home to massive herds of Buffalo and exotic fauna, as well as massive Gold deposits. Native tribes often traded with the empire, but hostilities grew significantly as the empire's objectives were clear. Monthly raids against new settlements were common and trade was common disrupted as marauders commandeer river transports. The empire's inability to cross the vast arid region and the total lack of knowledge concerning the land hindered the empire's ability to hand the issues head on for several years. Sometime in the 13th Century, knowledge concerning horse-ridding and transport helped decrease travel time and made transportation extremely efficient. Now being capable of crossing the valleys, the empire began a relatively rapid expansion during the time, coming to contact with the various native tribes in the area. The empire's innovative use of cavalry and elongated spears allowed them to inflict heavy damage upon enemy forces and left them unchallenged on the battlefield. Inland Settlements were eventually established, most of which were very rural small towns and herding villages, but a few, such as Queznaqlota, were established as major administrative and trade hubs. The empire's expansion beyond the the canyons still occurred but was severely limited. The empire eventually reached its height in 1432, Covering much of the modern day Union.
Post-Contact and Colonial Era (1453 - 1775)
Aquidish Colonial Wars (1453 - 1500)
Sometime in March, 1453, Aquidish explorer Giovacchin de Fioravanti landed in what is now the Córdoba, with the purpose of further exploring the Vestric Interior and expanding Aquidneck's colonial possession on the continent to combat the growing Alemannic and Lhedwinic influences on the continent. While scouting the Vestric coast, they spotted an inhabited Axlotl fishing village and attempted to make contact. The native leaders of the village, impressed by the technology of the explorers and the equipment they possessed, treated them with honour and guests. Investigation between Aquidish explorers and attempts to understand and translate native language allowed them to find out about the greater native civilisation located further inland. The news reached both monarchies, the Aquidish monarchy ordered the invasion of the empire while Axlotl Aristocrats treated the foreigners as esteemed guests, with stationed forces enjoying the treat as they wait for more forces.
By the time a sizeable Aquidish force managed to reach them in January of the following year, a large portion of the native population in the surrounding area saw a massive Smallpox epidemic due to consistent contact and trade with the immune original forces and their infected objects. The original landing sight at the fishing village was the first to fall and with little resistance due to the village being the first location to be rampaged by the epidemic and the ensuing social disorder that followed. Soueyitchu III was the emperor at the time, but was killed during the destruction of Qultacoluaqtl at the hands of the Aquidish soldiers present there in the 5th of February, 1454. His son, Achuqltuza, was quick to assume the position of emperor during the exodus of the Axlotl nobility formerly present in the city, however, quickly died of Smallpox with all his possible heirs being too young to assume the role at the time, establishing a native regency.
Aquidish technological superiority compared to the natives allowed them stomp over native forces during violent encounters, however, despite their massive technological advantage, much of the empire's downfall is often owed to the growing number of civilian, aristocrat and military lives that were claimed by the ensuing Smallpox epidemic that severely depopulated native territory. With the empire weakened, Aquidneck managed to conquer much of the empire's core territory relatively quickly, with Axlotl settlements located further inland in the Great Wastes being allowed to exist independently but as an Aquidish vassal. Out of the empire's estimated population of 35 million prior to the Aquidish arrival in 1453, the empire saw a 94.5% reduction in population by 1500, with only 1,925,000 natives remaining. Most surviving natives were quickly converted to Alydianism with the rise of a growing belief that the epidemic was the wrath of the Alydian God on them following years of idolatry and false god worship, a belief that was further propagated by active missionaries. The territory was quickly absorbed into Aquidneck's colonial empire in Vestrim and officially made Aquidneck a major player in Vestrim.
New Aquidneck (1500 - 1775)
While the beginning of the 16th century was seen as the official start of the Aquidish Colonial Period and the end of the Colonial Wars, conflict with the Axlotl Empire never actually concluded until the 1530s, with proper mass migration and settlement occurring roughly during the same period. The spike in migration was primarily caused by the conflict between the Pontifical Union, a Personal Union between Carcossica, Aquidneck, Cebragas and Arzvan, and an aggressive Tir Lhaeraidd. The colony oversaw a massive growth in Ksaiist and Triskaidekatheist followers, with the colony being relatively religiously diverse. Workers from Arabekh, Majula and Savai were introduced later on in the decade. The massive Gold and Silver deposits located in Axlotl Territory, with much of the latter being left relatively untouched by the natives, saw the territory become the centre of the Aquidish Colonial Empire, with the newfound wealth greatly benefiting both the colony and the Asuran mainland and quickly became a major source of income. The port city of Nuove Opportunità was established as the capital of the Vicereame della Nuova Acqunecco, as well as the administrative centre of the Aquidish Columbian, in 1552.
Roughly by this time, the native population managed to stabilise, however, native populations were slowly being bred out as Misto population grew in size. Hierarchical laws were set in place which favoured populations directly from the Asuran mainland, with Native New Worlders being treated the worst in this new system and used as a cheep labour force. Blacks, Iranics, Semites, Majulans and Savainese were treated relatively well in this system but were still considered of low status compared to pure Aquidish settlers, but still enjoyed several rights that native peoples were barred from.
While protected by law and the Athenean-Ksaiist Exploration Accords which guaranteed religious freedoms for the two main minority faiths; Ksaiism and Triskaidekatheism, religious tensions were a defining factor in Colonial Politics during the 1560s. Tensions between the two minority groups often sparked clashes between neighbouring towns of different faiths and even went as far as Extrajudicial Killings. The issue helped to briefly destabilise the colony as native revolts often occurred during this era. The colony was brought back to order by the next century following a stronger military presence in the colonies and the enforcement of the Religious Accords that protected the rights of the two major religious minorities. While this did bring peace to the colonies and managed to stop the religious clashes, tensions between the two groups were still present and discrimination against them were often common in more rural areas.
Seventeenth century is often credited for kickstarting much of the tensions that plagued the colonies in the next century, with Midrasian Republicanism slowly becoming a popular idea among much of the colonial populace. The revolution in the Asuran country and the overthrow of the nation's monarchy and noble classes saw massive hostility against it and the predominately monarchist continent, this of course including Aquidneck. The rise of Republicanism and Classicalism in the colonies slowly became of great concern for the monarchy, especially with more and more minorities and lower class people subscribing to them. This motivated a territory-wide crackdown of possible rebellious groups and the control of information. With the conflicts and political tension that plagued the mainland and social order being harder and harder to maintain in both sides of the globe, the Crown decided to increase the power of the Viceré and give to colony higher autonomy. Adovardo de Calvenzano, a member of the mainland nobility and a distant relative of the crown, was appointed the role of Viceré by the Monarch in 1691, under which be enforced imperial laws and was known for his extreme brutality with dissidents. While being feared, his abuse of his power inspired more rebel groups and saw greater insurgencies, particularly in the Great Wastes region. Calvenzano was known for forming a greater divide between the nobility that have lived in the colonies for generations and newer aristocrats that have migrated with their families directly from Asura, known as the Vecchia Nobiltà and the Nuova Nobiltà respectively and sparking a deep internal divide. Calvenzano implemented policies that greatly benefited the Nuova Nobiltà, much to the envy of the Vecchia Nobiltà and made Calvenzano various major political enemies. Demands for administrative reform were made by members of the Vecchias to the king. Risking the destabilisation of the colonies, loss of native-born noble support and possible succession following a civil war, their demands were made in 1708. The Hierarchical Structure which gave the Nuovas greater power over Native-born Nobles was soon abandoned and replaced with a more equal system of power and the creation of a Parliament of both noble classes. With governmental influenced effectively equal now, coalitions of nobles were made and commonly voted against the implementation of acts supported by Vecchias, created further political tension between the two factions.
Calvenzano was mysteriously found dead on September 22, 1734 in on his bed while his chest was bleeding and apparently stabbed. The suspect is unknown to this day but many suggest it to be an assassination supported by various members of the native-born nobility. While his son, Alfonso, was to fill in the position and waiting for the king's official approval, the native-born aristocrat, Uguccione Barbato, with considerable support from various nobles, also managed the catch the crown's eye. Barbato's massive support was the product of him being a favourite among both the Vecchias and the peoples. Barbato's relatively liberal thinking and classical beliefs made him a public favourite but members of both the New Nobility and Mainland Government had a great distaste for him, but the latter of which didn't want to risk civil conflict. Barbato's chances of becoming Viceré following news of his romantic and reportedly intimate relations with members of the peasantry, many of whom being members of the non-white populace. Following the release of this news and the destruction of his reputation among the noble classes, Alfonso was officially appointed by the king in 17 May 1736, and Barbato's family being striped of their titles and land. Alfonso continued on his father's Anti-Nuova rhetoric, taking significantly more radical approaches to limit their power such as higher taxes and the confiscation of their land during the first four years of his reign. Sometime in 1740, an assembly of Native-born Nobles was established in secret in Tranquillity, where plans of rebellion and the assassination of Alfonso were discussed. The conspirators managed to successfully assassinate Alfonso's son in 1742 and twelve of Alfonso's main supports in the Assembly of Nobles. The conspirators were discovered in September 12 1745 and trialled for treason. While the help of their military benefactors and private contractors, a mass mutiny was instigated and a civil war was sparked.
Originally a war between the two noble classes, families of both sides started to turn against each other and the colonies dissolved into total conflict by 1750. Alarmed by this news, the Crown was quick to order the occupation of major port cities to secure control over trade and form them to be used as staging points fir a larger planned invasion to regain control over the colonies. During this time, republicanism and revolts quickly became common place as the colonial administration effectively collapsed and was unable to enforce Imperial Law. The during the chaos, the Assemblea del Popolo was established in the town of Augusta in 1761, which sought to unify the various Republican Militias and Armies into a singular unified front against the Nobles. A massive revolt, instigated by the Assembly, began in Opportunità which lasted for the half of the month of April in 1766. The revolt the hijacking of Aquidish ships, the stealing of supplies and mass unrest in the city. Imperial Forces were unable to quell the massive revolt and the city fell to the assembly by April 21, with remaining loyalist forces either being killed, captured or trapped in the remaining and besieged strongholds in the city. The fall of Opportunità gave rise to various other rebellions in other major cities, both on the coast and inland, with several being successful. Several military defectors fighting for the Noble Families and Mainland joined the republican cause, this including various major military commanders. By 1775, the Republicans officially reformed into a formidable alliance against the Nobility and Mainland.
Revolutionary War and Independence (1776 - 1780)
Colony-wide revolt saw several cities fall to the Republicans in the first year of the Revolutionary War. With the mass defection of bright military minds and soldiers to the Republicans, the now unified movement posed a legitimate threat to both loyalist and noble factions. The campaign along the Black river-settlements saw the republican gain several major successes while coastal cities became the main battle ground between them and loyalists. In 1777, the Declaration of Democratic Federation were officially published, and with it, the Universal Declaration of Rights, which stated that all men and women, regardless of race, class, and religion, were endowed with inalienable rights, personal freedoms and all deserve equal treatment and representation, also calling for Secularism, Relative Gender Equality, and Abolition of Slavery. Claiming that both the nobility and crown violated the people's rights and freedoms, the republicans demanded for more representation in administrative matters, gender and racial equality, the overthrow of the nobility, the equal distribution of wealth and restrictions on the monarchy, all of which were denied by both opposing sides.
Under General Gustavo Calvacanti, The republican forces managed to strike destructive and decisive blows and victories against both sides. An Imperial Blockade and heavy monitoring of the Columbian was initiated in 1778, but smugglers, spies and political benefactors managed to get passed it. Slave Rebellions were often armed and supported by Republican forces. The destruction of noble forces in Santiago and Imperial forces in Giuseppà in 1778 further weakened Imperial and Noble Morale. The Viceregal General Ottavio Bernardo was sent by the crown to confront Calvacanti at Posipi in 1779, but to the surprise of many, Bernando offered to join forces. With the loss of one of their greatest generals, representatives of the Aquidish Crown were sent to negotiate a peace, and on the first of August, 1780, a formal peace treaty was established, with the newly formed Democratic Federation being recognised as a nation and sovereign entity by the crown.
First Federation (1781 - 1809)
While near actually defeated, the Nobles were heavily weakened by republican forces and were barely deemed a threat following formal independence. The war against the nobility came to a formal end in 1783, with the surrender of the last noble houses. The massive anti-Aristocrat sentiment that irradiated from the general public resulted in the eventual mass execution of the captured nobles and their families, effectively triggering a mass exodus to Asura and other Vestric Colonies. Freed former-slave populations were given voting rights and were free of the discrimination they faced in the previous decades. Gustavo Calvacanti, him being an extremely popular figure amongst the national population and a national hero, was elected as the first Consul of the Federation twice from 1781 to 1785 and 1785 to 1789. His time in office was characterised for being relatively peace, overseeing the reconstruction efforts and the Federation's outreach to the rest of the world. Calvacanti's eventual death in the wake of the third national election quickly saw the Federation succumb to political divisions and intense rival between factions.
The main two factions: the Centrists led by Antonio Gradenigo and the Confederalists led by Pietro Bronzino. The Centrists were critical of the Federation's devolved structure and wished for slightly more or completely centralised system of governance where the power of the states are minimal, while confederalists wanted a weaker central government and stronger power to the states. Former centrist, Cristofano Barbadori, decided to become an indeoendnet and sought off to publish the Federalist Papers in 1792. Barbadori's work impressed many in the senate, with senators from both sides being in favour of implementing it. Opposition from primarily confederalists prevented such, until 1795.
With the Federation independent, a massive surge of Vestric Insurrectionist Groups sprung up across Vestrim. Members of the Senate were relatively torn on the stance they should take, but several senators were sympathetic to the cause of many of these groups and may have supplied them. The formation of other Vestric nations, rise of Secessionism in the colonies and the Federation's relatively anti-Imperial rhetoric forced a loose and unofficial alliance of Colonial Powers and increased military presence in the Columbian. The situation became more and more dire as both sides built up their naval forces in the area and trade became more and more restrictive. The situation nearly escalated into total conflict in 15 February 1802, when a Aquidish warship accidentally fired on trading vessels. This sparked a two-week long naval battle that saw allied ships from other Vestric states to aid in the Federation's defence. The battle ended in a peace agreement and managed to avoid total conflict. While conflict was completely avoided, extreme anti-Asuran sentiment ran rampant amongst the populace and Pan-Vestricism was further popularised amongst the former colonies. Collectively fearing open conflict with the colonial powers, a summit was help in 1804 concerning collective defence against Colonial Powers. Increased naval confrontations effective saw stronger calls for a Union. In 1809, leaders from various former colonies on the continent signed the Declaration of Union in Tranquillity in early January, resulting in the creation of the Vestric Republic.
Vesperian Era (1810 - 1873)
Early Period (1810 - 1821)
Almanno-Lhedwinic War and First Expansion (1822 - 1844)
Thucydides Period and Second Expansion (1845 - 1867)
Georgios Period and eventual dissolution (1868 - 1873)
Second Federation (1874 - 1914)
Post-Vesperian Period (1874 - 1893)
First Great War Period (1894 - 1900)
Interwar Period and Depression (1901 - 1912)
Syndo-Progessivist Revolution (1913-1914)
Giuseppe Era and Second Great War (1915 - 1945)
Vestric Cold War (1946 - 2017)
Modern Era (2018 - Present)
Geography, Wildlife & Climate
The Union is located in central Vestrim, being bordered by TBA to the north, TBA to the west, TBA to the east, and Utamucanee and the Columbian Sea to the south. The UVSS is one of the largest nations on the Vestric Continent, averaging in about 1,088,535.84 square kilometres, this makes the Union the Xth largest nation in Vestrim (behind XXX) and the Xth largest in the world by surface area.
Much of the coastal Union is dominated by a predominately humid subtropical climate, retaining a monsoon-like seasonal system (Wet Summers, Dry Winters) and is dominated predominately by subtropical forests and marshland, like the Chicula Marshes. Temperatures are often between 5 °C to 36 °C, with the area often barely receiving any snowfall and may sometimes receive intense flooding during the summer, often receiving over 1,400 millimetres of rainfall annually. The area is relatively flat and not so above sea-level. The highest non-manmade region, the Avelleva Hills, are 80 metres in height. The southwestern UVSS is a significantly more humid and has a tropical savanna climate, having extremely short but rather intense rainy seasons and long dry periods, often only getting 400 millimetres of annual rainfall, practically in only three or four months, often between March to June.
Further inland in the country is much colder, maintaining a subtropical highland climate (specifically Cwa and Cwb), with rainfall being more evenly distributed over the the year. Temperature in this area is often usually between 23 °C to 0 °C, with the area often receiving limited snow, primarily during December. The region is slightly more elevated compared to the coastal regions, but is relatively flat and only a few hills. The area is home to much of the Union's farmland, being extremely fertile, primarily as a result of the Belventti Rivers.
The east-central UVSS is generally dominated by the Great Wastes and is significantly more elevated, being on a Mikithras Plateau, and are dominated primarily by a cold semi-arid climate and cold desert climate, and is dominated by canyons and mountains and known for its intense temperature swings during its day-night cycle. It rarely receives any precipitation but does see limited snow during winter, mainly at higher altitudes. To the west, there exists the Avârde Plateau with a similar climate, both environments being separated by the Rocky Mountains, which effective cuts the country into two and are the main source of the Belventti Rivers. Much of the Vestric Syndicates passed the Rocky Mountains and the Plateaus is dominated by a humid continental climate that's generally dominated by temperate woodlands, temperate grasslands, temperate deciduous, temperate evergreen forests and coniferous forests, with hot summer temperatures barely reaching 22 °C to 28 °C, usually as being a low-precipitation season. Winters are commonly cold and can reach temperatures as cold as ―12 °C, with snowfall being commonplace in these areas.
Vineyards in the Fertile plains of Florenea
The Union's ecology is megadiverse: housing over 23,000 species of vascular plants across the country and over 10,000 species of flowering plants are found at the Southern Coast. The UVSS is home to over 900 species of mammals, 1,532 avian species, 656 reptilian species, 524 amphibian species and a total amount of over 120,000 insects have been described. The TBA is the national animal of the Union, being an enduring symbol of the nation.
There are a total of 60 national parks, along with hundreds of other federally managed parks, forests, and wilderness areas across the country. The government owns 35% of the nation’s total land area. Most of these areas are protected, though some is leased for oil and gas drilling, mining, logging, or cattle ranching; about 2.68% is used for military purposes.
Environmental Issues have been on the national agenda since the 1970s. Environmental controversies include debates on the continued and excessive use of fossil fuels, dealing with air and water pollution, the economic costs of protecting wildlife, logging and deforestation, and international responses to global warming. Many federal and state agencies are involved. The most prominent is the Societae National Environmental Protection Agency (SNEPA), created in 1970 following a presidential order.
The Societae Statistics Bureau estimated the national population to be at 210.2 million people as of July 1st, 2017, and to be adding 6 person (net gain) every minute, or about 8,640 people per day. The Societae Population quadrupled during the 20th century, with it having a total population of 55 million at the start of the 20th century in 1900. The xth most populated nation in the world and first in Vestrim, the Union is one of the few major industrialized nation in which large population increases are projected. In the 1800s the average woman had 7.04 children, by the 1900s this number had decreased to 3.56. Since the early 1970s the birth rate has been hovering above the replacement rate of 2.1 with 2.3 children per woman in 2014. Foreign born immigration has caused the Union population to continue its rapid increase with the foreign born population doubling from almost 15 million in 1990 to over 30 million in 2010, representing one third of the population increase.The foreign born population reached 35 million in 2015.
As of 2018, the Union has a birth rate of 20 births per 1,000 people. Its population growth is at a positive of 2.4%, one of the highest among the developed nations. In fiscal year 2016, over 3 million migrants were given legal residence. There’s been a recent and ongoing immigration shift starting from the 1990s which saw the amount of immigrants from the continents Majula, Catai, Rennekka and Savai outnumber the amount of immigrants from from Asura and Arabekh, which has been extremely high since the 40s. The Union saw a massive population boost following the Great War, which saw the migration of millions of Asurans to the country during the first three decades of the 20th century. The Cheonsam Population saw a massive spike throughout the 20th century. Roughly 43.7% of the national population claim to be of mixed race heritage. People of mostly Asuran and Majulo-Arabekhi descent dominate most of this group. 21.4% of the population claim to be of predominate Asuran, Western Catainese or White ancestry, followed by the Majulo-Arabekhi Negroids at 14.5%, Orientals and other Savainese at 7.2%, Iranic or Semitic Majulo-Arabekhis at 5.3%, Eastern Majulans at 3.4%, Native New Worlders at 2.11% and the remaining 2.39% describing themselves as "Other"
Ethnically, people of Midrasian descent comprise of most of the total white population and the main Asuran heritage of much of the nation's mixed race populace, accounting for at least 20%~ of the total population. Veleazan, Veyene, Aquidish, Cebragai, Chalcian, and Miersian ancestry usually dominate the rest of the Asuran genetic makeup for the White and Mixed-race populous. The Almenno-Lhedwinic populations are growing and relatively recent due mostly to the tensions between the Vestric Republic and successor states during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which inhibited travel and limited trade. These strains on diplomatic relations were eventually lifted following the conclusion of the Great War, but migration was usually never on-par with other groups until much later in the early 21st century. The Majulo-Arabekhi Negroid populations are composed mostly of East Arabekhi and Kufini West Majulan ethnicities such as the Zulu, Shona, Xhosa, Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba peoples, among various others, the latter three of which being the largest groups. Hispasians, Sarabs and Arian Iranics make up most of the Irano-Semitic Populace. The Eastern Majulan peoples are mostly dominated by non Arian peoples, such as Bengalis and Tamils, with Arian populations being predominately Sikh. Much of the Savainese populations are composed predominately of Orientals, with Cheons and Tangkuo peoples composing of most of national Oriental population.
INSERT MAJOR CITIES
Florentine and Greek are the de facto national languages. There are no real official language at a federal level but some laws—such as Union naturalization tests—standardize Florentine. In 2010, about 92% of the population aged five years and older was quadrilingual. Greek and Florentine being mandatory to learn. Languages like Aquidish, Midrasian, Northern Midrasian, Southern Modrasian, Veleazian, Newreyan, Motsvaran Ihedwinian, Arabic, Sisi, Igbo, Yoruba and Cheonsamese were the most spoken tertiary and quaternary languages.
Government & Politics
The UVSS is the world’s oldest, surviving Confederation, and the largest Vestro-Socialist Confederation in the world. It is a semi-direct cellular democracy which maintains a system of checks and balances to ensure that no singular political unit is given too much power over the other, defined in the Declaration of Democratic Federation, the nation’s legal document. Following the 1914 Revolution, Futurist Doctrines and Democratic Deliberative Economics were officially enshrined in the national constitution, mindset and ideology and a driving factor in the governmental and administrative process. The nation is commonly ranked as one of the most democratic nations in the world and one of the least corrupt nations in the world.
Communes, the smallest national subdivision, are governed by Regional Communal Syndicates; legislative assemblies composed of a Deliberative Plenum (which are further divided into Administrative and Economic Plenums) and a much larger Consultative Plenum and generally lack a executive head (speakers of the Communal Syndicate are sometimes equated to communal executives, a position that is democratically elected). Deliberative Plenums are composed of democratically elected representatives of various Trade Unions, Cooperatives, Associations, Research Institutions, Intellectual Guilds, Organisations and democratically elected political representatives of a recognised party, who partake in the administration and governance of the regional economy and politics. The Consultative Plenum is generally composed of ordinary citizens and membership is largely voluntary and is non-partisan in nature. Citizens are informed of the the legislation and are given a chance to make amendments (which have to be approved by the regional Administrative Directorate) and even propose ideas for new and resolutions to existing problems. The existence of Consultative Plenums is for the implementation of Praxis; a process in which the collective ideas and effort by a society are used initiate far-reaching changes, whereby the entire society is engaged in the process of governance, policy-making, social engineering and reformation. Members of a Administrative Plenum often have a term limit of two years.
Communes are organised and group together into larger states, where members of each commune democratically elect three representatives to represent them in the unicameral state legislature (usually always often called the Regional Senate). Regional Senates manage inter-communal relations, issues, organisation and relations, along with also organising the State Economy with the help of the Administrative Directorates. Political party require a minimum of 20% of the votes to gain a seat. Instead of directly voting, citizens of a commune are given the ability to rank the three ideal parties they would want in power, so that if a political party has more votes than it needs, the rest of the votes are transferred to the political party that most voters of the leading part or parties picked as second ideal. States often have elections for Regional Senators, Speakers of the Senate and State Governors every six years, with Elections for Speakers of the Senate and Governors often happening in Spring and Senators during Winter. During elections for the Governor and Speaker of the Senate, people are made to vote for campaigning parties rather than candidates, with the party with the highest percentage of votes being given the ability to appoint a member of their party as the Governor and Senatorial Speaker.
The National Government's Legislature is the National Assembly, which is composed of the National Ecclesia (the official lower body) and the National Directorate (the official upper body). The National Ecclesia is composed of 680 politicians appointed by their respective political parties and maintain a term limit of four years, with elections often happening alongside Consular Elections. Members of the Ecclesia are elected following nationwide elections, usually done region by region. Ecclesia seats are given in proportion to the percentage of votes a participating political party get in total. Voters are given two votes; one for their desired party to have a seat in the Ecclesia and one for their desired Consular Candidate.
The Directorial Plenum or National Directorate is a assembly of 380 scientific experts, intellectuals and philosophers of all fields and social concerns that have been democratically elected by their respective public institutes, organisations and research universities and are the main progressivist national body. Headed by a Prime Secretary that are elected in the same assembly. Members of the Directory don't really have defined term limits and if their respective institute or organisation allow, can hold the office for life, but members can be removed and democratically replaced with another representative by their respective institutes and organisations if they see fit. The Plenum review the plausibility of laws that have been approved by the Ecclesia and Magistracy and can veto laws that they see as destructive and/or implausible or suggest other ways of implementing those laws. While unable to propose laws themselves, they are able suggest legislative bills to the main government party or Consul. The Executive Consultative Plenum function as the collective speakers of the Directory alongside the Prime Secretary, while also acting as the national cabinet. The Directory differs from most other legislative bodies as it is a largely non-partisan and a largely consensus-based body that requires near-unanimous support when it comes to finalising amendments. There are six regionalism national associations of public institutes, organisations and research universities that make up the Administrative Plenums, which act as the Directorates for the states and communes they cover.
- Legislative: The bicameral core legislature makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties, has the power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government. Members of the Ecclesia have a term limit of six years
- Executive: The Consul is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law (subject to Ecclesial and Directorial override), and appoints the members of the Executive Consultative Plenum (subject to Directorial approval) and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies. Has a term limit of four years and can only partake in two elections, after which cannot participate in national elections for the next twenty years.
- Judicial: The Tribunal Magistracy and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the Consul with Senate approval, interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional and against the nation's core ideology. No term limit and can hold office until death.
Civil Law and Judiciary
- Main article: Foreign Relations of the Vestric Syndicates
The Union's international relations are based on Article 8 of the Writ of Democratic Confederation, which establishes self-determination, international cooperation, the peaceful settlement of conflicts and collective intervention when truly necessary, as the nation's primary guiding philosophy and principles of the nation's relationship with other countries and multilateral organisations.
The Union's foreign policy is a by-product of the country's unique position as the regional power of Vestrim, an emerging international power and the history of the Vestric Republic, which encouraged collective interdependent and cooperation amongst Vestric nations and total independence of Vestric territories from their respective colonisers based on the principles of self-determination and the right to govern themselves. Multilateralism, peaceful dispute settlement and international interventionism have always been the guiding principles of Vesperian foreign policy since the 1980s.
According to the National Constitution, the Consul has ultimate authority over foreign relations under the strict supervision of the Executive Consultative Plenum, while the Ecclesia is tasked with reviewing and considering all diplomatic nominations, international treaties and legislation concerning and relating too Vesperian Foreign policy. As of 2018, the Union is a full member of the Union of Vestric Republics, the Aeian Enviornment, the Aquidish Heritage Community, the Aeian Public Health Organization, and the World Educational and Cultural Organization.
The Union maintains a "Special Relationship" with Aquidneck, Carcossica, Sidi Synnia, and Motsvara, as well as strong ties with Midrasia, Songdang, Utamucanee, Ovandera and several members of the Commonwealth of Democratic Nations such as tir Lhaeraidd, Navack and Ústekia-Dýnaria and all members of the Aquidish Heritage Community. It works closely with fellow UVR members on military and security issues and with its neighbours through the Vestric League and free trade agreements. The UVSS retains relatively strained relations with Ashihara and formerly with Varra.[...]
- Main article: Armed Forces of the Vestric Syndicates
The Consul holds the title of commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces and appoints its leaders, the Secretary of Defence and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Federal Department of Defence and the Century Assembly (latter being composed of the military's highest ranking officers) administers the armed forces, including the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force. The Coast Guard is run by the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime and by the Department of the Navy during times of war. In 2017, the armed forces had 1 million personnel on active duty. The Reserves and National Guard brought the total number of troops to 2.4 million. The Department of Defence also employed about 1.2 million civilians, not including contractors.
Military service is voluntary, though conscription may occur in wartime through the Selective Service System. Vestric forces can be rapidly deployed by the Air Force's large fleet of transport aircraft, airships, the Navy's 2 active aircraft carriers, and marine expeditionary units at sea with the Navy's Opal and Jade fleets. The military operates 52 bases and facilities abroad and maintains deployments greater than 100 active duty personnel in 4 foreign countries. The military budget of the Union in 2017 was XXX billion, account for roughly 1.2% of the national GDP, roughly US$82.7 billion. This makes the Union Xth, being part of the top 20 big military spenders of the world and the largest spender on military budget in Vestrim. The Union is an active member of the Union of Vestric Republics and is considered as the most powerful nation in Vestrim. The Union houses the world's largest and only active Airship Fleet, numbering at around 93 active airships, mostly serving as heavy transport vessels for supplies and troops, territorial patrol and surveillance.
The UVSS officially maintains a solidaristic economy where collective, corporatist and syndicalistic organisational norms dominate the national economy in opposed to private enterprise norms present in mixed economies, fuelled primarily by a abundance of natural resources and trade. Many of these collective bodies are organised into larger organisations and federations that usually partake in regional Economic Plenums. The primary institution that manages the national economy and fiances is the Vestric Economic Commission, which is further divided into several other sub-commissions, all of which collectively with regional economic plenums manage the national economy. As of 2018, the UVSS officially has a GDP of US$6.8 trillion, making it the largest economy in Vestrim and one of the largest in the world.
Modern Vestric economic policies are centred around mercantilism and protectionism in order to protect small business and limit over-reliance on external imports, transforming the nation into a regional trading giant on the vestric continent and the largest exporter in Vestrim and one of the largest exporters in the world. Most exports are centred around manufactured goods, capital goods, refined oil, electronics, firearms, metals, foodstuff, electrical equipment and pharmaceuticals. Ovandera, Motsvara and Utamucanee are the Union's primary regional export partners, with Midrasia, Aquidneck, Crylante, Carcossica, Navack and Cebragas being major export partners. The Union is considered as a newly-emerged post-industrial economy, with the service sector accounting for 67.9% of the economy, the manufacturing sector accounting for 28%, mining and resource extraction sectors accounts for 2.7% and agricultural sector at 1.4%, with growth in the service sector being the main trend. The Union has a total labour force of 112 million people, the second largest in the world after Ashihara.
The UVSS has an annual income of 58% of its GDP, or US$3.944 Trillion, and spends 95.4% of it (or US$3.762576 Trillion) with a budget surplus of 4.6% of its GDP (or US$181.4 Billion). The UVSS gets 4.5% of its income from corporate taxes, 8.3% from personal taxes, 6.1% from consumption taxes, 2.7% from import tariffs, 0.5% from export taxes, 3% from inheritance taxes, 18.5% from real estate, 55.3% from public industries and 1.4% from other means. Out of its total spending, the UVSS spends 2.2% on defence, 15.1% on Healthcare and Welfare, 12.1% on Education, 11% on Science, 1.8% on Environmental Protection, 2.1% on Housing, 55.7% on Industries and a remaining 1.3% on various other things. Roughly 39.3% of most sectors are owned and ran by public institutions and government-owned enterprises, with main exceptions being Education and Healthcare centres, which are 87% and 88.3% owned and ran by public institutions respectively and funded primarily by government. The UVSS is often credited for having one of the highest corporate and personal tax rates in the world, with corporate taxes ranging from 35.2% to 50%, and personal taxes 32.6% to 64.9% as of 2018. Inheritance Tax rates range from 15.9% to 24.2%. Roughly 98.7% of business are unionised. The UVSS, housing the Opportunity Stock Exchange, the largest in Vestrim, serves as the economic hub for the Union of Vestric Republics and the Vestric continent in general.
Due to the Union's status as a progressivist polity, much of the Union's energy sources are derived from sustainable means following several decades of implemented laws centred around increased sustainability. As such, the Union is commonly ranked as having some of the lowest greenhouse emissions compared to other international powers. Due to the Union's interior being rich in its vast network of river systems, hydroelectric power saw itself becoming the dominate form of energy throughout the Union following the early implementation of eco-friendly laws in the Mid-'70s. Nuclear Energy Industry saw a brief boom during the '80s until the various incidents that occurred worldwide effectively destroyed the industry's public image, however, in recent years as seen a steady re-growth in support. The Union is the largest consumer of biofuel, such as Ethanol, and the research into the development algae-based fuel has seen massive government support over the years. Solar Panels are commonly found on rooftops in both urban and suburban areas.
A majority of the Urban Transportation Industry in the Union is publicly owned, with policies in the late '80s began the slow shift towards government-owned public transportation, with the central goal of many of those policies being centered around limiting ecological damage, mainly in the form of heavy carbon emission. Subways, Buses and Tram Systems became standards in the Union cities. Various cities in the early 2000s sought to limit the use of fossil fuel-powered cars and the construction of various bikeway systems to encourage biking. Electric Cars dominate the private transport industry. The former Minister of Transportation, TBA TBA, announced the government's plan to implement Shared Spaces completely nationwide by 2024, in 2016.
The Union's Railway network covers roughly XX,XXX,XXX kilometers of land, being the most extensive in Vestrim. They're operated by the NFRC. High-speed rail networks are dominated by homemade Mercurian 1 and 2 Trains, along with a few imported Asurostars, all of which travel at 320 km/h in commercial use. Railways are commonly used for both the national-wide transportation of peoples and goods. Intra-urban transport also supports several underground and tramway services, with major centers, like Greater Opportunity and Endeavour, housing railway, roadway, underground and tramway systems that help them to connect with virtual all areas of the country.
There are 523 currently operation airports in the country, with 92 of them being international. A majority of airports in the Union are publicly owned but most aviation companies operating in them are private enterprises. Gnaeus International Airport, in Endeavour, is the nation's largest and busiest, handling the vast majority of popular and commercial traffic and connecting the city with virtually all major cities across the world and seeing tens of millions of departures and arrivals annually. Federal Air is the national carrier. The Union is the largest user of Airships, with them commonly being used for air cruises and nation-wide transportation. There are 23 major ports in the Union, 17 of which being located in the Columbian Sea.
Science & Technology
Following the National Revolution and establishment of the current progressivist government in 1914, the progression of science and technology became a national responsibility and ushered a new age of funding for the scientific and technological industry. Various advancements in physics were carried out by various Societae Intellectuals, notable people such as Rebecca Cara and Andrei D'Estan are known worldwide for their work on Radioactivity. Various medical advancements such as the accomplishment of Hand and Face Transplants were made by Societae Doctors such as XX, XX, XX and the discovery of HIV by virologist XX.
XX has historically been referred to as the father of modern physics with his work on the Theory of General Relativity and Vincent Hendrix's work on Quantum Physics and being renowned for solving the Black Hole Energy Dilemma by proposing the idea that they evaporate, releasing energy in the form of Hendrix Radiation as they do, the development of the transistor is owed to engineer Gaûvre Delores. The Federal National Space Exploration Agency has been a known pioneer in space exploration and the detection of exoplanets. The Union has been the Xth nation to send someone to the moon (with a total of three manned missions being conducted), the landing of probes on Secundas and the construction and maintenance of various orbital satellites as well as deep space probes. The Union had two, now defunct, space stations
The Great Wars in Asura and Rennakka, along with the Civil War in Cheonsam, foresaw the fleeing of various scientific personnel to the Union, this resulted in the Union being home to some of Vestrim’s most notable minds, such as (TO BE ADDED).
The Societae Healthcare System is universally provided to all citizens and financed primarily through taxes. In 2004, APHO ranked the the Union as having one of the best healthcare systems in Vestrim as part of the quadrennial report on continental healthcare systems. The Union spends roughly 15.1%, or $568 billion, of its total GDP on its healthcare system and its funding. One of the highest on the continent.
Care is generally free for people affected by Chronic Diseases, such as Cancer and ADDs. Average life expectancy at birth is 81 years for men and 85 years for women, one of the highest in Vestrim and slightly over the international average. There are 12.32 physicians for every 1000 inhabitants in the Union, and average health care spending was XX% of the national GDP ($XXX Million) in 2008. As of 2018, approximately 80,000 inhabitants of the Union are living with HIV/AIDS and 740,000 are living with some form of cancer.
The Union has the lowest obesity rates in the world, lower than that of most developed nations. The Union was previously facing a growing health pandemic during the late 80' but government campaigns in the later decade were proven to be successful against the growing obesity rate, healthier eating habits were popularized and government restrictions on fast food businesses concerning the healthiness of their products helped to decrease obesity rates. As of 2018, 0.72% of the population are suffering from obesity.
Prior to the First Vestric Renaissance, and even still in the modern era, the core of the Union's culture was Aquidish as well as Veyene and Cebragai, due to the nation's extremely strong colonial ties to its former colonizer and the mass migration of Cebragai immigrants to the Union during Aquidish rule. Among other influences, the Aquidish introduced the Aquidish language, Orthodox Alydianism and colonial architectural styles, while Cebragai and Veyes introduced Cebragai, [[Carcossica|Veyene}}, Ksaiism, Triskaidekatheism, Medieval Cebragai and Old Chalcian Architecture. The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by Majulo-Arabekhi, indigenous and non-Aquidish Asuran cultures and traditions.
Several aspects of Societae culture were influenced by the contributions of Fiorentine, Midrasian Veleazan, Alemannic, Lhedwinic and other European as well Cheon, Yen, Hispasian and Semitic Arabekhi immigrants who arrived in large numbers in the South and Northwest of the Union during the 19th and 20th centuries. The indigenous Vestrics influenced the Union's music, art and cuisine; and the Arabekhis influenced cuisine, music, dance and religion.
Societae art has developed since the 16th century into different styles that range from Baroque (the dominant style in the Union until the early 19th century) to Romanticism, Modernism, Expressionism, Cubism, Surrealism and Abstractionism. Societae cinema dates back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century and has gained a new level of international acclaim since the 1960s.
Prior to the Vestric Renaissance, Societae culture was heavily influenced by that of Fiorentinic Asuran styles during the colonial period, with the heaviest influences being from the Aquidish. It has a history that goes back 600 years to the time when Raphael di Capra discovered what is now the modern day Union in the early 1400s. Cebragai and Aquidish colonial architecture was the first wave of architecture to hit the Union during the colonial period and became a basis of Societae Architecture for the following centuries. Following the Vestric Renaissance and Independence in the late 18th century, Societae Architecture was heavily influenced by Antiquity Architectural Styles such as Rococo, Neoclassical and later on Imperial Fiorentinic. Following the construction of Endeavour in the mid-20th century, the nation experimented with the use of Modernist Architecture which quickly given rise to an new era of modernist architectural styles. The rise in Pan-Vestricism during the late 20th century, along with the 1914 Progressivist Revolution resulted in the nation-wide popularization of Futurist Architectural Styles, following the trend of most other Vestric nations, and too this day remains as the most predominant architectural style in the Union
The music of the UVSS was formed mainly from the fusion of Asuran and Arabkehi elements. Until the nineteenth century, Aquidneck and Cebragas were the gateways to most of the influences that built Societae music, although many of these elements were not of Aquidish origin, but generally Asuran. The first was Fernando Garcia, author of sacred pieces with influence of Viennese classicism. The major contribution of the Majulo-Arabekhi element was the rhythmic diversity and some dances and instruments that had a bigger role in the development of popular music and folk, flourishing especially in the twentieth century.
Modern-day Societae music is often divided into three main categories: Classical Asuran, Nova Classical and Traditional music. Classical Asuran music refers to the popularization of Classical Asuran music during the First Renaissance, which has continued to greatly influence formal Societae music. Nova Classical, also known as New Classical, is a relatively new musical genre that remains extremely popular among the nation's youth, often a mixture of newer music styles and older classical music styles. Nova Classical styles often used the same rhythmic beats of that of pop or jazz (depends on the sub-genre) but adds some slight classical modifications and also often feature a wider array of instruments and natural sounds.
Traditional Societae music if the oldest form of music native to the Union, and has been influenced by several Asuran, Majulan, Arabekhi, Catainese and (to a much weaker extent) Yidaoese sources and elements. Samba is the most typical form of Societae traditional music and and listed as a cultural heritage. Maractu and Afoxê are two Arabekhi-Societae music traditions that have been popularized by their appearance in the annual Societae Carnivals. Capoeira, a tradition Societae dance and form of martial arts of Arabekhi origin, is often played with its own style of music, which is usually considered to be a call-and-response type of folk music.
Choro is an extremely popular musical style. Its origins are in 19th-century Sapoli. In spite of the name, the style often has a fast and happy rhythm, characterized by virtuosity, improvisation, subtle modulations and full of syncopation and counterpoint. Bossa nova is also a well-known style of Societae music developed and popularized in the 1950s and 1960s. The phrase "bossa nova" means literally "new trend". A lyrical fusion of samba and jazz, bossa nova acquired a large following starting in the 1960s.
The Vestric Renaissance saw the rise of Classical and Enlightenment Sophist thought in the Union, ushering in a new age of philosophers. Sophist Thinking became a major component of Societae Culture and Society throughout the late 19th century. The position of wisdom and knowledge being the highest and most valuable traits in human society, the rise of rationalist, epistemologist and empiricist schools of thought nationwide and helped to ignite a vigor for public support of the growing scientific community along with the questioning of imposed social norms with gave rise to the nation's earliest Liberal and Feminist movements which laid the foundations for many of the nation's social achievements that followed a decade later. Sophist Schools of Thought saw the greatest of support during the worldwide economic collapse following the First Great War, where the public's belief that much of the world's unqualified and ignorant leaders are the cause of much of the ensuing worldwide chaos. Later influenced by Communitarian, Egalitarian, Unitarian, Liberal, Socialist and Enlightened Republican Thought, the movement eventually morphed into what is know the Progressivist Movement that eventually took power following the 1914 Revolution. Progressivism, Liberal and the Idea of Progress have been driving factors in modern Societae philosophy.
Cinema & Theater