Tyronova

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Federal Republic of Tyronova
Bundesrepublik der Tyronova
Tyronovian flag Coat of Arms, Tyronovian Armee
Flag
Motto: "Gemeinsam drücken wir weiter"
"Together We Push On"
Anthem: 
Kämpfen wie Ihnen
"Fight For Her"
MediaPlayer.png
Full map of Tyronova and Carinselberg
Full map of Tyronova and Carinselberg
CapitalUlskach
Official languages Valtyan
Recognised regional languages High Almannic, Low Almannic, German (Rohstian), German (Continental), Dutch (Rohstian), Latin (Castrix)
Ethnic groups (2016) 93% Tyronovian, 6% Rohstian, 1% other races
Demonym Tyronovian
Government Federal Parliamentry Democracy (Center-rightist)e
 -  Federal Chancellor Dreyse Fregret (Term: 2004-2009, 2009-2014, 2014-present-2019)
 -  Federal President Krupp Vehrmann (Term: 2016-present-2019)
 -  National Council
 -  Federal Council
Establishment
 -  Tyronovian Kingdom Formed 21 BCE 
 -  Puppet of Almannic Empire 590 CE 
 -  United under Ulsterreich 1790 
 -  Neu Ulsterreich Empire 1858 
 -  Nationalist Federal Democratic Republic as the (First) Tyronovian Republic 1890 
 -  Semi-presidential Federal Representative Democratic Republic as the (Second) Tyronovian Republic 1955 
 -  Federal Parliamentary Representative Democratic Republic as the Republic of Tyronova 1979 
Area
 -  2,473,815.3 km2
955,145.43 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 11%
Population
 -  December 2016 estimate 87,474,100
 -  January 2016 census 87,472,838
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $2,186,000,000,000.00
Gini (2016)negative increase 27.3
low
HDI (2016)Increase 0.881
very high
Currency Novomark (NVM [NVM$1 = $0.43])
Time zone East Rennekan Time (ERT)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +54
Internet TLD .tn

*note: Tyronova is a multi of Dreyvisevich.
Tyronova is a medium-sized north Rennekan country with close ties to Rohst. It specializes in fishing, farming, complex computer parts manufacturing and maritime trade. Tyronova is also well-known for its firearms design, which is done in cooperation with Rohst. The Tyronovian government is a center-right federal parliamentary democracy, with a Federal Chancellor and a Federal President. Tyronova is comprised of 9 states, however, all states are directly controlled by the government and do not have a sub-system of government of their own.

History

Brief History

The first kingdom in Tyronova was originally formed around 21 BCE following the unification of the northwestern tribes under King Lukas I, with assistance from the Rohstian Confederacy. The two main kingdoms of Tyronova, Civali and Rodelein, would be enemies with the Almannic Empire since the latter's rise due to the former's refusal to allow itself to be subjugated. Although active resistance proved a struggle for the Almannic Empire initially, Tyronova would be conquered by the Almannic Empire in ~610 CE (with the exception of the northeast). Tyronova was released from the Empire when Rohst vanquished it in 1283. This saw the rise of a new kingdom: The Ulskach-den-Reich (Ulsterreich). The northeastern lands under the Wasserseite Reich (Wasserseitereich) became a long-standing rival of the Ulsterreich. The Ulsterreichwas originally ruled by Kaiser Gregorich Siegmund and occupied most of central and northwestern Tyronova. At the time of the Almannic Empire's dissolution, the Wasserseitereich was ruled by King Thilo I and spanned across the coastal north and northeast regions of Tyronova. Both kingdoms competed for land and resources, a race which the fishermen and traders of the Wasserseitereich won for more than half a century. Then, in 1416, the first recorded expedition into the vast Bremmenich mountain range was launched by the Ulsterreich to challenge Wasserseitereich's dominance. These first few forays into the Bremmenich were unsuccessful, with teams getting lost, never returning. In 1483, explorer Diethelm Spengler found a village in the Bremmenich. He had found and mapped a route to one of the many Bremmenich Leute villages. This sparked more explorers to venture into the Bremmenich. Although Spengler had been friendly with the Bremmenich Leute, many other explorers stole crops, precious metals and weapons from these villages. In the early 1500s, the Bremmenich Leute united and shut down all the routes into the Bremmenich with guarded walls.

This isolationism finally ended in the late 1700s, when the 5th Kaiser of the Ulsterreich, Kaiser Justus Hecker, stormed one of the walls with cannons and tore it down. The Bremmenich Leute finally subjugated to the Ulsterreich in 1786. The Wasserseitereich followed a similar fate as Kaiser Hecker invaded the Wasserseitereich in 1790, forcing the abdication of the Wasserseitereich's 7th king, King Bruno II. However, by the early 1800s, the Ulsterreich, now spanning most of Tyronova, grew increasingly unstable as the populace became divided due to differences in race, religion and/or political ideals, seeing the break-up of the Ulsterreich in 1812. The small states that emerged saw many border conflicts with one another, until Rohstian nationalism made its debut in Tyronova in the mid-1800s.

Tyronova would be reunited in 1858 by the Rohstian-backed Neu Ulsterreich. The Neu Ulsterreich, ruled by Kaiser Arnold Gepp, relied on a parliamentary system and a more efficient version of centralised power to keep the populace in check. As the Neu Ulsterreich grew economically, neighbouring Volgaria saw it as a threat to its status as a regional power. This led to the Tyronovian War of Independence from 1886 to 1888 between the fledgling Neu Ulsterreich and Volgaria. The Neu Ulsterreich slowly but surely pushed Volgaria back over the Bremmenich, with both sides' leaders calling for peace by 1888. The brutal war saw hundreds of thousands dead on both sides. Kaiser Gepp was blamed for his incompetence by calling for peace with Volgaria as many believed that the war should have continued until the bitter end. This spurred the revolutionary VRT Party, which gained popularity due to its democratic ideals. The VRT Party won the May 1900 elections, setting up the First Tyronovian Republic, originally a nationalist democracy that later evolved into a fascist one-party state, under whom the many ethnic minorities were radicalised into believing that there was only one Tyronovian people. This resulted in the abolishment of many indigenous cultures due to nationalism.

(Insert GW in Renneka here)

The First Tyronovian Republic would last until 1952, as conflict broke out where the peasants and oppressed minorities fought against the fascists. The 1952-1955 war, which saw millions of peasants' deaths, finally overthrew the fascists on January 15th, 1955, creating the Second Tyronovian Republic. It was quickly plagued by multiple issues regarding repairing the infrastructure of the country and upgrading facilities, as well as raising the standard of living. After proving its unreliability in solving most issues, the government system collapsed under pressure from heavy protests. A new federal parliamentary representative democratic republic was set up in its place as the Republic of Tyronova and has remained that way since.

For the full history of Tyronova, see History of Tyronova

Geography

(for human geography of Tyronova, see Human Geography of Tyronova)

Location

Terrain and Climate

Tyronova generally has a hilly landscape and a cool climate. In the north, shallow waters close to shore followed by a sharp dropoff to the seabed allow for a bustling port and fine beaches to the northeast. Along the northwest coast, rocky cliff faces and forested terrain dominate the area’s scenery. Further from the coast, the land rises, although a few small valleys can be found. To the far west of the country, the terrain is generally very uneven, with large hills on the border with Wustenland. The country's center is dominated by plains with scattered trees and small rivers. In the east, the Bremmenich mountain range, rich in metal ores, towers above the forested landscape. The south of Tyronova has relatively flat land, with pockets of dense vegetation.

The north has an annual average temperature of 20 degrees, but can rise in summer to 24 degrees and lower in winter to 16 degrees. The far west has an annual average temperature of 18 degrees, with seasonal fluctuation between 14 and 21 degrees. Central Tyronova has an annual average temperature of 19 degrees, with little seasonal fluctuation ranging from only 17 and 21 degrees. East Tyronova has an annual average temperature of 18.5 degrees, with seasonal fluctuation from 15 and 22 degrees. The country's south experiences the coldest temperatures, with an annual average of 15 degrees, fluctuating from 19 degrees in summer to just 11 degrees in winter.

Cloud cover over Tyronova is fairly consistent, although it can be much denser in summer. Yearly rainfall averages at 1386mm, with more rainfall to the north and east of the country.

Flora and Fauna

Culture

Tyronovian

Tyronovian culture can be divided into five regions: Northwest Tyronovian, Southwest Tyronovian, Central Tyronovian, East Tyronovian and Coastal Tyronovian. However, most of these share similar traits. (TBW)

Tyro-Almannic

Rohst-Tyronova

Cuisine

Arts

Others

Politics

Since 1979

Tyronova is a right-wing Federal Parliamentary Democracy. Tyronova is divided into nine states, which are themselves divided into districts, each with representative cities. Representative cities, as their name implies, represent the sectors they are located in and is the base of their district's state legislature (Landtage). In addition, each district is divided into sectors, usually based around major cities, which each house a single seat in the state legislature. The state legislature is responsible for managing all major sector affairs. Each state has limited legislative authority, distinct from the federal government, as opposed to being mere administrative divisions.

Tyronova's head of state is the Federal President (Bundespräsident), elected by popular vote for a term of five years and limited to two consecutive terms of office. The president has the power to oversee the National Council, dismiss the cabinet or to dissolve the National Council and call new elections.

The Tyronovian Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler) is appointed by the Federal President. Although he is head of government, he has no power to direct other members of the government. The Tyronovian Federal Cabinet consists of the Federal Chancellor appointed by the president and a circle of ministers. Half of the ministers in the circle are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the chancellor, while the other half are voted in by the public. The Federal Council is answerable to the National Council and can be forced to resign by a motion of no confidence.

The Parliament of Tyronova consists of two chambers. The National Council (Nationalrat/TNR) has 270 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation. It is the predominant of the legislature's two chambers. To be represented in parliament a party needs to either win at least three percent of votes across the nation or win a seat (Direktmandat) in one of the 45 regional constituencies. A qualifying party's number of seats via proportional representation in the Federal Council is calculated by the given party's percentage of votes received in a sector as compared to the total number of seats in the sector.

The politically much less significant Federal Council (Bundesrat) currently consists of 77 members, elected by their respective state legislatures. The number and distribution of seats is recalculated after each census. The power of the Federal Council is rather limited, since in most cases it has only got a suspensive veto, which can be overruled by the National Council. However some cases, like laws limiting the competences of the provinces, require the approval of the Federal Council.

The Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung), which is formed by National Council and Federal Council in joint session, is largely a ceremonial institution, its main responsibility being the swearing in of the Federal President. It can also call a referendum on the removal of the president from office or bring the president before the Constitutional Court if it concludes that the president violated the constitution, and is ultimately responsible for declaring war.

Tyronova's legal system is distinguished between three different instruments of direct democracy: referenda (Volksabstimmungen), popular initiatives (Volksbegehren) and national opinion polls (Volksbefragungen).

A referendum on a bill is to be held if a majority of the National Council's members demand it or by a resolution of the President, which has to be counter-signed by all members of government. Also, substantial changes to the constitution always require a referendum, while changes to parts of the constitution only require a referendum if at least one third of the members of the National Council or if the Federal Council demands it. The result of a referendum is binding and the bill in question is not passed into law if a majority votes against it.

Popular initiatives can start a legislative process: if a popular initiative is signed by at least 200,000 registered voters, the National Council has to consider it. It takes precedence over all other matters on the National Council's agenda.

National opinion polls or consultative referenda are held before the National Council passes a law. Its results are not legally binding.

Foreign Relations

Military

Tyronovan Equipment:
Vehicles:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Infantry Weapons:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
~Abbrv. Notes:
><RPzj = Raketen-Panzerjäger
><PzjGw = Panzerjäger-Gewehr
>< sGrw = schwer Granatenwerfer
>< mGrw = mittler Granatenwerfer
>< HGrw = Hand-Granatenwerfer
>< HGrWA = Hand-Granatenwerfer-Automatisch
>< RGrw = Raketen-Granatenwerfer
>< P = Pistole
>< UPA = Universale Pistole-Automatisch
>< SGw = Sturm-Gewehr
>< GwA = Gewehr-Automatisch
>< SSGw = Scharfschütze-Gewehr

Firearms Design

Administrative Divisions

TCITA

Economy

Mining

Agriculture

Fishing

Trading

Tourism

External Affairs

See Also