|Autonomous Republic of Txotai
Namorese: Тщотаи Чиджигукa
Luziycan: Pravilosamo Respublika i Zotay
|Anthem: Tongboman Chanjin (national)
Txotai Aigukge (regional)
The Patriotic Song of Txotai
Location of Txotai in Namor
Physical map of Txotai
and largest city
|Ethnic groups||Kannei (51%)
|Religion||Lutheran Catholicism, Txoism|
|Government||Autonomous Republic of Namor|
|-||President||Radoslava Yulia (DT)|
15,574 sq mi
|-||NMR 2380 census||19,720,130|
|Gini (NMR 2380)||19.8
|HDI (NMR 2350)||0.770
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||TX|
Txotai, officially the Autonomous Republic of Txotai (Namorese: Тщотаи Чиджигукa tr. Txotai Chijiguka, Luziycan: Pravilosamo Respublika i Zotay) is an autonomous republic in northwestern Namor bordering Luziyca on the south and Shanpei district on the east. As of NMR 2380, it has a population of 19.7 million people.
Historically populated by Otekians, Txotai holds much significance among Christians, as it is believed to be where the first mass conversion to Christianity occurred. For several thousand years, Txotai was controlled by a confederation of Otekian tribes overseen by the Patriarch of Gusev. The region later came under the rule of the Jidu dynasty, the Kingdom of Gusev and the Duchy of York. In NMR 2060 (1720 CE), York sold Txotai to the Hao dynasty, beginning the period in which the region was ruled by a dynasty based in Namo.
The Luziycan victory in the First Namo-Luziycan War saw Txotai annexed by Luziyca, which established the First Republic of Oteki in the annexed territory shortly afterwards. The First Republic ended in NMR 2290 after Liberationist Namorese forces entered Txotai and forced local authorities to recognize Namorese sovereignty. However, this did not prevent Txotai from becoming a hotbed of conflict between Namorese government and Otekian separatists in the next several decades, culminating in the Second Namo-Luziycan War which saw the establishment of a short-lived Second Republic of Oteki. In response to separatist violence, Namorese authorities imposed martial law over the region. Martial law in Txotai lasted for 49 years, 4 months and 21 days, making it one of the longest periods of martial law in Esquarium. In December 1, NMR 2355, Txotai became an autonomous republic, marking the formal beginning of civilian rule.
Txotai is one of the less developed regions of Namor, but at the same time it is also one of the fastest developing regions. Society is largely pillarised between the Kannei-dominated east and Otekian-dominated west, although cohesion is slowly occurring.
- 1 Names
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Governance
- 5 Society
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture
Txotai (Zotay in Luziycan) is the name used by Namor to describe the region.
The name has its roots in the 18th century (21st century NMR) when the Hao dynasty purchased the region from the Duchy of York. Lacking an alternative name for the region, Namorese officials negotiating the purchase first called the purchased territories "East York" (Ước Đông), which appeared on the Tuhaoese version of the purchase agreement. During his return trip to Namo, chief negotiator Trúc Dũng Quyền (Tu Lonkan) stopped by Lagania Lake. Amazed by the serenity of the lake, he composed a poem in which he praised the "peace of the surroundings" (周泰, Chu Thái). Chu Thái was transliterated to Txotai in Namorese and became the official Namorese for the region.
Oteki is the historical name for present-day Txotai. The name is officially used by the Luziycan government, overseas Otekian groups and some Otekians within Txotai to describe the region.
Derived from the Luziycan language, Oteki means "home," denoting Otekians' view of the region as their ancestral homeland. Use of Oteki was not controversial until the mid-20th century, when Otekian separatists started promoting it as the sole official name of the region as opposed to Txotai, which they viewed as a name imposed by the Namorese. After the Second Namo-Luziycan War, Namor banned the use of Oteki to describe Txotai in political discourse. The ban remains in effect to this day, although enforcement of the ban is less stringent than it was when martial law remained in effect.
Since martial law was lifted, there have been instances where Oteki is used to describe the Otekian-dominated areas of Txotai rather than the entire region.
Otekian Confederation and conversion to Christianity
Txotai was first inhabited by Slavs who migrated from present-day Luziyca. Some historians believe this migration took place around the 3000s BCE, when the "Great Flood" caused widespread destruction across southeastern Luziyca and forced the community around the Sprska Sea to scatter. A group of people eventually settled in Txotai and became the first Otekians. The Otekians then divided themselves into numerous tribes, each led by a chieftain. While each tribe held considerable power, it was the oldest chieftain who possessed the most power and mediated disputes between tribes. It is believed that the tribes were held together by the common worship of a polytheistic religion which dictated that final authority rested in the hands of the eldest chieftain.
In AD 53 (NMR 393), Saint Luther, a follower of Jesus Christ, arrived at the Otekian tribes to spread Christianity. In Kovdor, he preached in front of a massive crowd; eventually, the entire crowd - including several chieftains - converted to Christianity, marking the first mass conversion. News of the conversion reached the Chieftain of Gusev, the most powerful chieftain among the Otekians, who saw Saint Luther as a challenge to his authority and ordered his expulsion from Oteki. Saint Luther retaliated in kind by raising an army to fight the chieftain, whom he called an apostate. Several Otekian tribes rallied behind Saint Luther. The converts marched to Gusev, defeating the chieftain's forces every step of the way. Their victories greatly diminished the reputation of the chieftain. Finally, the converts besieged Gusev, where they captured the chieftain and burned him at the stake. Afterwards, all the Otekian tribes declared allegiance to Saint Luther and recognized him as the supreme leaders of the tribes.
After Saint Luther's death, his successors became the Patriarchs of Gusev. Considered the second most-important patriarchate in Lutheran Catholicism, the Patriarchs replaced the former eldest chieftains as the most powerful leaders among the Otekians. The Lutheran Catholic Church and the Otekians reached an unwritten agreement in which the Otekians would recognize the Patriarch as their leader, while the Patriarch must be a native of Oteki and respect the autonomy of the individual tribes. This agreement served as the foundation for peaceful coexistence between the Patriarchate of Gusev and the various Otekian tribes for several centuries.
Jidu dynasty and Kingdom of Gusev
An attempt by some Otekian tribes to break away from the Lutheran Catholic Church led to tensions between the tribes and the neighboring Peivet, who were allied with the Church. In NMR 1495 (1155 CE), the Patriarch of Gusev was forced to flee to Lagania, where he received protection from the Peivet and in turn authorized the Peivet to wage war on the rebelling tribes. The Peivet conquered Oteki and turned it into a feudatory of the Jidu empire.
Later, the Jidu fragmented due to disputes between the successors of King Kaseten, with Kaseten's second-eldest son Yehakha seizing control of Oteki and declaring himself leader of the Kingdom of Gusev. While ethnic Peivet remained in power, more authority was given to local Otekians in order to placate opposition to Yehakha's authority.
Duchy of York
Not so long after the Kingdom of Gusev was founded, a dispute between Gusev and the neighboring Peivet kingdom of Shanpei led to Shanpei invading Gusev in NMR 1551 (1211 CE). After suffering multiple defeats at the hands of Shanpei, King Yehan of Gusev fled to the neighboring Duchy of York. He agreed to let his daughter Maria marry the Duchy of York in turn for York's assistance in defeating Shanpei. York entered the war and beat back the Shanpei invaders, preserving Gusev's independence. After Yehan's death, the territory of Gusev was incorporated into York. The annexation of Oteki greatly enhanced York's standing among the Luziycan duchies due to Gusev's religious significance.
Facing bankruptcy, the Duchy of York sold Oteki for 10,000 lira to the Hào dynasty in NMR 2060 (1720). The Hào established the Prefecture of Txotai in the region. Power was divided between the Patriarch of Gusev and the governor of Txotai - a position that was usually filled by the eldest Otekian chieftain. By having the power to appoint the governor, the Hào dynasty was able to maintain some leverage over local politics, although it had little to no influence over the Patriarchate, which was considered under the jurisdiction of the Lutheran Catholic Church.
In NMR 2077 (1737), Patriarch Pasha II banished Governor Rostislav Vladislav after Vladislav refused to execute an edict ordering the demolition of Txoist temples. Vladislav requested that the Hào government intervene to reverse Pasha II's order. The Hào emperor Risang responded by dispatching an envoy to Gusev to strike a compromise. The crisis ended when Pasha II rescinded the banishment of Vladislav and the Hào agreed to dismantle all Txoist temples in Txotai.
First Republic of Oteki
In NMR 2237 (1897), the First Namo-Luziycan War broke out. Seeing an opportunity to expel the Namorese from Txotai, Patriarch Kuzma IV declared Oteki's independence and requested that Luziyca dispatch troops to protect the Otekian population. The Luziycans responded to the Patriarch's request and forced the small-sized Namorese garrison out of Txotai. After the war, Luziyca and Namor signed the Treaty of Tatra, in which Namor agreed to cede Txotai to Luziyca. Although the Namorese later repudiated the treaty, Luziycan influence in Txotai remained undisturbed for the next half-century.
Two years after the end of the war, the Luziycans established the First Republic of Oteki (FRO) in the annexed territory. While the FRO was nominally independent, it was strongly reliant on Luziyca economically and thus considered by some to be a de facto Luziycan protectorate. Compared with Luziyca, the FRO was more theocratic; the constitution named God the head of state, the Patriarch of Gusev the secondary head of state and the President the head of government. While Kannei Namorese were allowed to stay in the FRO, they were forced to pay higher taxes than people of other ethnicities unless they converted to Christianity. As such, many Kannei moved to Namor Proper while some stayed in the region and converted.
People's Republic of Namor
After the People's Republic of Namor was established, Namorese Liberationist leaders announced their intention to bring all Namorese territory under the new government's control, including Txotai. In April of NMR 2290, the Namorese Liberation Army captured Lagania and threatened to advance deeper into Txotai if FRO leaders refused to negotiate. The FRO's leaders arrived at Namo, where they signed a treaty in which they agreed to recognize Namorese sovereignty in exchange for a high degree of autonomy. Thus, the FRO was dissolved and replaced by the Otekian Self-Administration.
However, relations between the central government and Txotai deteriorated as the former worked to curtail Txotai's autonomy, fearing that excessive autonomy would give East Luziyca de facto control over the region. In July NMR 2306, Gregory Kudyev, leader of the separatist militant group Knights of Saint Luther, staged a coup in Kusef and other major cities in Txotai. After expelling Namorese administrative and security personnel from Txotai, Kudyev proclaimed the establishment of the Second Republic of Oteki (SRO). The SRO quickly received East Luziycan recognition and support, sparking the Second Namo-Luziycan War. However, the SRO only lasted four years before it was defeated by the Namorese government. Many supporters of the SRO were driven into exile in Luziyca. The authorities labelled the Lutheran Catholic Church a counter-revolutionary organization and executed Patriarch Roman III, causing a vacancy within the Patriarchate which lasted for decades.
Clashes between government and separatist forces continued into the NMR 2310s and NMR 2320s, causing thousands of civilian and military deaths. The Namorese government declared martial law throughout Txotai. It also tried to revitalize Txotai's economy by encouraging the movement of people, goods and services into the region. During the Northern Development period, millions from Namor Proper resettled in Txotai. This had profound demographic effects on Txotai; by NMR 2330, a plurality of the population was Kannei. By NMR 2350, over half of the population was Kannei.
Following the normalization of relations between Namor and Luziyca, President-General Alicia Wolf agreed to consider restoring civilian rule in Txotai. A referendum was held on May 30, NMR 2355 on Txotai's future status, with a supermajority voting in favor of restoring civilian rule and autonomy. A provisional council drafted Txotai's civilian constitution and nominated Vang Lan as president. On December 1, NMR 2355, martial law officially ended and the Autonomous Republic of Txotai was established.
Vang's presidency was marked by renewed crackdowns on Otekian separatists as part of a nationwide campaign after the June 28, NMR 2355 attacks. Article 15 of Txotai's Constitution was ratified, authorizing the government to pass laws restricting proselytization, access to separatist websites and public assemblies. The measures were welcomed by some as a viable means of preserving order and criticized by others who accused the government of returning to policies that existed under martial law. Vang's approval rating soared following the death of separatist militant leader Breuvi Chikmurdof.
Vang Lan stepped down from the presidency NMR 2365 and was succeeded by his son Vang Jun. Vang Jun continued most of his predecessor's policies, although he focused more on economic development than on fighting separatism. In NMR 2370, he deployed the regional paramilitary to quell the unrest that followed the killing of an Otekian man by an ethnic Kannei police officer. The unrest spurred the rise of opposition parties in Txotai and forced Vang to divert his resources to suppressing separatism.
Vang was succeeded by Wei Siang, Txotai's first Democratic Socialist president. During Wei's presidency, the Otekian government-in-exile was dissolved and its leaders were extradited by Luziyca to Txotai, where they were charged with treason and sentenced to life imprisonment. Despite this, Wei's popularity was negatively impacted by the economic crisis of NMR 2377, which caused the regional unemployment rate to rise to 7 percent.
Txotai is a mountainous region where most of the region's south consists of mountains and hills while lowlands are located in the northern coast.
Mountains have played a significant role in Txotai's culture and history. Ancient travelers often used significant peaks as markers. Mount Kovdor, the highest point in the region, is said to be where God instructed Saint Luther to convert the Otekian tribes to Christianity. The mountain became the border between the Otekian tribes and Luziyca; in the present, it is situated between Namor and Luziyca.
Txotai is home to two major rivers - the Tuman River in the west and the Lagania River in the east. From south to north, the Tuman River begins in the southwestern mountains, then makes it way northward, past the cities of Kusef and Williamsburg before dumping into the Haddock Sea in Kirkland. The Lagania River begins in Lagania Lake, Txotai's largest lake and freshwater supplier in the region.
|Administrative divisions of Txotai|
|Prefecture||Namorese name||Luziycan name|
As an autonomous republic of Namor, Txotai has significant jurisdiction over its internal affairs, while the central government is responsible for the region's defense and foreign affairs. The Constitution of Txotai is the governing document of the region which outlines the structure of the regional government as well as the rights that Txotai's inhabitants have.
The legislature of Txotai is the Regional Council (RegCo), a 85-member body that is elected every five years. Each of Txotai's eight prefectures are represented by ten deputies, while the special city of Kusef is represented by five deputies. All deputies are elected by first past the post in single-member constituencies. Besides having the power to enact legislation, the RegCo has the power to pass constitutional amendments, elect the President of Txotai and impeach all officials of the executive branch, including the President, for "unconstitutional or unlawful conduct."
The head of state of Txotai is the President, who is elected by the RegCo. The regional constitution requires the President to be at least 35 years old, a permanent resident of Txotai and a natural-born Namorese citizen. A presidential term lasts five years and is renewable once. If the President dies or is unable to exercise the duties of the office for whatever reason, he or she is succeeded by the Vice President who serves for the remainder of the President's term. The President has the power to promulgate or veto legislation, appoint executive officials and declare a state of emergency. Since the founding of the Txotai AR, the President has always been the leader of the largest party in the RegCo.
Txotai's political landscape is dominated by two pillars - regionalists and localists. Regionalists support the current Txotai AR, while localists support increased autonomy for Otekians within Txotai or the creation of a separate Otekian autonomous republic. Mainstream parties in both pillars, however, have adopted moderate positions to attract centrist voters. The Liberationists are considered to be solidly regionalist, while Democratic Txotai and Social Credit Party are considered to be localist. The Democratic Socialists favor the status quo but do not identify as regionalist or localist.
In addition to the two main pillars, the separatists are said to constitute a "third pillar." Separatists do not recognize Namorese rule of Txotai as legitimate and support the establishment of an independent Otekian state. The separatists have faced suppression by Namorese authorities due to their association with Luziyca; as a result, they are not viewed as a mainstream bloc in regional politics.
The judiciary of Txotai consists of the Regional Supreme People's Court (RSPC) of Txotai and lower courts. The RSPC consists of the President and four Vice Presidents. In addition to the RSPC, there are 85 county-level courts and nine courts of appeal (one in each prefecture and one in Kusef). Article 25 of the Namorese Constitution grants autonomous republics such as Txotai the right of final adjudication, meaning that the Txotai RSPC is the final arbitrator of legal issues in the region, including disputes that involve the regional and national constitutions. The Supreme People's Court (SPC) may only hear cases involving Txotai if the RSPC defers to the SPC or if the case involves a resident of Txotai and a resident of Namor Proper, which is under the direct jurisdiction of the SPC. Under the latter circumstance, the SPC does not need authorization by the RSPC to hear the case.
The ethnic makeup of Txotai's population has undergone significant changes in the last several decades. For centuries, the population of Txotai was solidly Otekian. However, as a result of the mass migration in the NMR 2320s and growing mobility between Txotai and Namor Proper, Kannei Namorese are the largest ethnicity while Otekians make up a plurality of the population.
Considered the native inhabitants of the region, Otekians are a Slavic people closely related to Luziycans and Katranjians. Many historians assert that Otekians are descendants of Txotai's first inhabitants, who populated the area after escaping the Great Flood in the Sprska Sea. In Txotai, the Otekians developed a culture that was somewhat distinct from Luziyca's, dividing themselves into tribes and relying more on hunting than on agriculture for food.
After the Second Namo-Luziycan War, two groups emerged among the Otekians - "Diaspora Otekians" who live in overseas communities and "Domestic Otekians" who live in Namor. Many Diaspora Otekians are descendants of exiles who fled Namorese rule and therefore more likely to harbor anti-Namorese sentiment. Domestic Otekians, while sometimes skeptical of Namorese government policies, generally see independence from Namor as an impossibility and thus favor improving the region's conditions within the framework of the status quo.
Kannei Namorese are the largest ethnic group in Txotai, making up a higher percentage of the population than any other group. While Txotai has always had a small Kannei population since the inception of the Golden Spice Road, it wasn't until the NMR 2320s when the Kannei population in Txotai experienced massive growth. Under the Namorese government's Northern Development program, millions of people from southern Namor moved northward in search of new opportunities. As part of the program, millions settled in central and eastern Txotai, leaving western Txotai as the remaining area where Kannei do not constitute a majority.
Txotai's population is predominantly Christian. The region is very significant to Christians as it is where the first conversion to Christianity took place in the year 53.
Most Christians in Txotai are Lutheran Catholics. Txotai is home to the Patriarchate of Gusev, considered by Lutheran Catholics to be the second-most important patriarchate after Bethlehem. The Patriarch of Gusev is regarded as the successor of Saint Luther, the patron saint of Gusev, and wields significant influence in Txotai society. While the Patriarch was formerly appointed by the Pope, an agreement between the Lutheran Catholic Church and Namor changed the appointment rules in order to give the Namorese government a greater say in the process. The Church compiles a list of candidates deemed acceptable for the position, while the President-General appoints the Patriarch by choosing from the list and the Central Council confirms the appointment.
Txotai is home to a number of holy sites. These include the iconic Saint Luther's Cathedral in Kusef, where the Patriarchate of Gusev is headquartered, the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Luthersburg, where successive Patriarchs including Saint Luther are buried, and the Tuman River, where Saint Luther is said to have defeated forces loyal to the Chieftain of Gusev with the help of the fog of God.
Txotai is a bilingual region. Namorese and Luziycan are recognized as the official languages. All three languages enjoy official equal status, but Namorese is recognized as a lingua franca due to its status as the national language.
Knowledge of each of the three official languages varies by ethnicity. Over 95% of Otekians and 40% of Kannei can communicate in Luziycan at an intermediate level. 80% of Otekians and 99% of Kannei can communicate in Namorese.
Most Otekians speak a variation of Luziycan called Otekian Luziycan. Most differences between Otekian Luziycan and Luziycan in Luziyca lie in vocabulary. Otekian Luziycan tends to use words antiquated in Standard Luziycan and loanwords from Namorese.
Largest cities or towns in Txotai
NMR 2380 National Census
|1||Kusef||Regional Capital Territory||4,172,885|| |
Txotai has a GDP per capita of P52,801 ($7,543), which is below the national average. Located outside of the hub of trade in southern Namor, Txotai is among the poorer regions of the country, although recent economic reforms have substantially improved the standard of living.
Historically, the region has had its ups and downs in terms of economic prosperity. During the era of the Golden Spice Road, it had been prosperous, but the decline of the route resulted in less trade and a stagnant economy. After the Luziycan annexation, the region experienced an economic boom that lasted until the Great Depression. Although the effects of the Depression were eventually alleviated, Txotai's economy did not return to pre-Depression levels due to a halt in Namo-Luziycan trade. The onset of the rebellion and subsequent violence further damaged the economy.
In the NMR 2320s, Txotai's economy began to improve as the government initiated the Northern Development program and encouraged millions of Namorese from the south to move into Txotai and create jobs. Ports such as Irbet, Kirkland, and Kaltan were reopened, strengthening trade with nearby countries. The Namorese embargo continued to stall trade with Luziyca until normalization occurred. Since then, there has been limited commercial activity between Txotai and Luziyca.
Txotai's economy is strongly dependent on the timber and fishing industries. It is less manufacturing-based compared to the rest of Namor.
The eastern prefectures of Txotai, which are inhabited mostly by Kannei, are richer than the western, majority non-Kannei prefectures. The purchasing power and labor force participation rate are higher among Kannei than non-Kannei. This is believed to be a legacy of Northern Development, as many of the reforms benefited Kannei more than other ethnicities.
As a territory of Namor, Txotai observes the nine nationally-recognized public holidays. In addition, Txotai observes six public holidays of its own. Most holidays in Txotai are religious by nature due to the influence of Christianity in the region, with the exception being Establishment Day, which is entirely secular.
|Moveable feast||Good Friday||Commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus|
|Moveable feast||Easter Monday||Celebrates the resurrection of Jesus|
|October 18||Saint Luther's Day||Commemorates Saint Luther|
|December 1||Establishment Day||Celebrates the end of martial law in Txotai and the founding of the Autonomous Republic of Txotai|
|December 24||Christmas Eve||Day before Christmas|
|December 25||Christmas Day||Celebrates the nativity of Jesus|
The media industry in Txotai is smaller compared to the rest of Namor as a result of several factors, from the region's small size to its delayed democratic development. Most media in Txotai are funded by the regional government.
Txotai Television (TTV) is the only public television broadcaster in Txotai serving the entire region. It has two channels - TTV-1, which broadcasts in Standard Namorese, and TTV-2, which broadcasts in Luziycan. In addition to TTV, major cities in Txotai have their own television stations, such as KSTV (Kusef Television), LGTV (Lagania Television) and KLTV (Kirkland Television). Local stations are usually low on budget and therefore their broadcasts do not last all day.
The printed media in Txotai are more diverse than television. Several newspapers such as the Txotai Sibo (Txotai Times), Kusef Yubo (Kusef Post) and Minzu Ribo (National Daily) have a regional audience and print editions in all three official languages. Other newspapers focus on a readers of a certain ethnic or religious background, such as the Kovdor Inquirer which prints exclusively in Luziycan and has a readership comprised mostly of Otekians.
Winter sports are popular in Txotai because of the climate. The region boasts some of the most prominent ski resorts in Namor, including the Vanmingsan Ski Resort in Korkino and the Lanse Resort in Lagania.
Txotai is the only region in Namor to have an ice hockey team, the Kusef Killjoys.
Sports such as association football and baseball are popular during the spring and summer.