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|Kingdom of Tudonia
|Motto: «Stärke in Freiheit und Einheit»
(Tudonian Standard Alemannic)
“Strength in Freedom and Unity” (Newreyan)
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Sigairish
|-||Prime Minister||Johannes Hartmann|
|-||Creation of constitutional monarchy||1st March 1917|
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
|Gini (2018)|| 36
|Currency||Tudonian Thaler (Ŧ)|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||TEU|
Tudonia (Newreyan pronunciation: /tjuːˈdoʊ̯niə/; Tudonian: Teudoniën or Teudonei; [tɔɪ̯ˈdoːni̯ən], [tɔɪ̯doˈneɪ̯]), officially the Kingdom of Tudonia (Tudonian: Teudonisches Königreich; [tɔɪ̯ˈdoːnɪʃəs ˈkøːnɪɣˌreɪ̯x]), is a sovereign country situated in Asura. Tudonia is largely flat with mountains being mostly confined to parts of the west of the nation and a smaller mountain range to the east and south-east of the capital and largest city, Sigairen. The temperate and humid climate that dominates Tudonia is typical for north-eastern Asura. The country lies landlocked between Tyronova and Soleanna to the north and west, Mascylla to the north-east, Beoshire to the south-west, Brenzhem to the south and Kavalerilant to the south and south-east. Being inhabited by ca. 31 million people, it is divided into X provinces and covers an area of X square kilometres. Major Tudonian cities outside the Sigairen metropolitain area include Tanaus, Schwerarch, Weiszenberg, Eickenloh and Aschenbach.
Although various Allemanic tribes inhabited the area since long before, the name Tudonia to describe the geographical area dates back to the late Middle Ages. Historically, Tudonia was made up of several sovereign states with the concept of Tudonia as one nation not becoming popular until the 18th century with the rise of Tudonian nationalism. However, it took until the 19th century for the country to be unified. Until the Great War, the country was governed as an absolute monarchy, though revolutionary ideas becoming popular in its aftermath caused the Falian War (1901-1905) and the Tudonian Civil War (1909-1913), amongst other conflicts, eventually leading to a reform of the political system of Tudonia with the Tudonian Constitution coming into effect 1st March 1917.
The economy of Tudonia has shifted from being primarily agriculture-based in the 18th century, to being primarily based on mining and producing industries throughout the 19th and early 20th century, with a strong tendency towards the service sector beginning in the latter half of the last century. Deindustiralization has especially affected the mining indistry in Tudonia, with the mining of natural resources such as black coal, iron amongst others shrinking. Although this period of deindustrialization that started in the latter half of the 20th century has left some areas of the country struggling economically to this day, the Strukturwandel Teudoniëns-policy seems to have a positive impact with the economy recovering in some of these areas over the last one or two decades by incentifying fundamental changes to those regions' economies. This has strengthened other economical sectors, such as tourism, retail and other parts service sector, as well as, in some regions, other industries.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics and Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
The word Tudonia comes from the Tudonian words Teudonei and Teudoniën (pronounced [tɔɪ̯ˈdoːni̯ən] and [tɔɪ̯doˈneɪ̯], respectively). Whilst the exact etymology is not known, it is generally traced back to the Old High Allemanic term diutisc (“popular, vernacular”) from Proto-Cataisuran *tewtéh₂ or to the House of Teudtman that ruled over parts of the area between Sigairen and Schwerarch and which has a name with an unknown etymology. It has first been attested spelled as Tewdoney and initially was used to describe the region as a purely geographical term rather than a nationality.
Most of central Tudonia is relatively flat with mountains being found almost exclusively to the west and east. The largest lake is the ’’Irgendsee’’ located in northern central Tudonia. Major rivers include the Seichte, the Wathe and the Aire, the valley of the latter being notable for being amongst the largest population centres of the nation. The Lanne springs in eastern Tudonia, flowing through the Lanne rift valley into and through Mascylla.
Politics and Government
Tudonia is a constitutional monarchy since 1917 in which the legislative, executive and Judicary branches are guaranteed to be separated. Whilst a monarch has the power to issue decrees under special circumstances, these usually have to be approved by the highest court of the nation, the Nationalgericht in Sigairen. The monarch cannot block a law, though he can suggest laws to the parliament. Normal laws have to be approved by more than half of the parliamentarians while changes and amendments to the constitution have to be approved by three quarters of the population in a referendum. The parliament represents the people with elections usually being held every four years on both a national and a local level with the election threshold being at 5%.
There are several political parties in Tudonia. In order to establish a new party, it is necessary to get 10,000 signatures. If a party fails to be represented at the provincial or national level within two election cycles, it might risk losing its license.
|Country||Status||Current state of relations||Mutual Embassies||Visa Requirement||Tudonian Ambassador||Nation's Ambassador to Tudonia|
|Biladia||Friendly||—||Yes||Yes||Johann Schneider||Lēlah Mosrī|
|Dreyvisevich||Neutral||—||Yes||Yes||Thomas Schneider||Depliskev Vormachov|
|Leiden||Warm||As far as historical relation go, Tudonia was within the Leidense sphere of influence and Leiden also provided funding for the Tudonian state to some extent.||Yes||Partial||Lisa Hamermann||Martĳn Harpe|
|Mascylla||Warm||—||Yes||No||Heinrich Schmidt||Peter Kohler|
|Sükhbaatar||Neutral||Tudonia and Sükhbaatar do not have any official relations.||No||Yes||—||—|
|Tyronova||Neutral||—||Yes||Yes||Frank Müller||Weber Loesch|
Tudonia has a market economy with little state-intervention in the economy in many sectors. Nevertheless, the government — or rather government-owned and/or -operated conmpanies — form a significant part of some sectors. These includes, but is not limited, to mining. In coal-mining especially, the government owns most mines due to many private ones closing during the period of decay between around 1975 and the 1990s. Whilst industry is still an important factor of the economy, Tudonia's service sector is expanding.
In the past centuries, the economic makeup of the country has changed several times, with some of these changes being reversed fully or — much more commonly — partially lateron. The 19the century has seen what now makes up Tudonia evolve from a primarily acriculture-based country to an industry-based on, economically speaking. If compared to its Alemannic neighbours, industrialization started significantly later, a key factor in this being the fact that Tudonia was — and still is to this day — landlocked. A fact of similar significance also was the lack of a united country in the early decades of this century, as Tudonia was not unified until the end of the Tudonian Unification Wars in 1837 saw most of what is now Tudonia unified — notably excluding the north. Due to this, any economic development had seen major obstacles placed in its way by many of the sovereign countries, which went from fees for passing through the country and time-consuming inspections to having to give a tenth of one's goods to the local and/or regional monarch in some territories. Although this slowed down industrialization in the beginning, post-unification Tudonia had rapidly industrialized due to its wealth in natural resources, such as coal or iron, and by the 1860s and 1870s has generally been seen as having caught up to its neighbours and other parts of Asura.
By the eve of the Great War, there were more than two million people employed in factories, more than three quarters of which in the area between Sigairen, Tanaus and Eickenloh. These area, being situated on both sides of the border of the then-independent country of Vinstria-Falia, was on the frontline for most of the war between late December 1895 and early December 1899, almost four years. As a result of the frontline constantly moving between the south-east and north-west, most of the industry, infrastructure etc. in this area had been destroyed. In addition to this, industries other than arms and munition manufacturing had been neglected during the war and had to deal with the consequences of war-related reduced demand, supply shortages and workers being conscripted, thus having heavily declined in areas that were not destroyed. By the end of the war, there had only been half a million factory workers left, half of which in military-related jobs that mostly disappeared after the war ended. A year later, there had been limited recovery, with there being less than a million factory workers, a fall by more than 50% in comparison the the pre-war era. Resulting from the constant instability that would last until the eve of the Second Great War, with several succession crises and a Civil War, the economy took a long time to recover and Tudonia quickly lagged behind its neighbours.
After the Second Great War, the Tudonian economy recovered quickly, although it failed at catching up to the economies of those neighbouring nations that were not socialist. Since the mid-1970s, the country has experienced a loss of employment in what used to be its most important industries, iron and coal mining, as well as, to a lesser degree, the steel industry. The resulting economic recession lasted nation-wide until the 1990s, with many towns in the so-called old industrial belt still being in a state of a stagnating or even still declining economy. However, there are also parts of Tudonia which do not struggle with the structural change and managed to reshape their local economies. To aid this, the Strukturwandel Teudoniëns-policy was introduced in 1985, inciting both small-scale and fundamental changes across the country.
Today, the largest industrial sectors in the nation are (excluding agriculture) the machinery, chemical industry and manufacturing industries. The service sector has become more important, which is especially visible in the tourism industry which has seen a large growth during the past decades. Nevertheless, many cities and towns in the old industrial belt between Aschenbach and Eickenloh have struggled with the structural change, being part of the reason why the Tudonian gross domestic product per capita is — being at ca. $21,200 — is significantly lower than it is in surrounding nations.
The majority of electricity is provided by private corporations. As of 2018, the largest source of domestic electricity production was black coal (34%), followed by natural gas at 27%, hydroelectricity at 19%, other renewables at 11% and oil at 9%. Since the early to mid-2000s, the government of Tudonia has been passing legislation to increase the usage of renewable resources in power generation due to environmental reasons. Especially notable was the decision to phase out most of the oil power plants and to increase the contribution of hydropower to the general electricity production of the nation.
As of 2018, an estimated 31.245 million people live in Tudonia, most of which along the Lower Wathe and Aire rivers. The largest city is the capital Sigairen which is situated in the east of Tudonia. Other major cities include Tanaus, Schwerarch, Weiszenberg, Eickenloh and Aschenbach.
Although the official census does not always collect data on ethnic identity, it is generally believed that Tudonia is a fairly homogenous nation, with the vast majority of Tudonians are self-identifying ethnical Alemannics, though several groups with an own identity live within the country. The three main groups of Alemannics within Tudonia are Tudonians, Sigairish and Falians with the latter two often being counted as “Tudonians” and the largest minorities being Alemannic groups from neighbouring nations.
Though the sole official language of Tudonia is Tudonian Standard Alemannic, usually referred to as Tudonian or (Standard) Alemannic. There are several minority languages and dialects within the country which belong to both High Allemanic and Low Allemanic. While Sigairish and most of its varieties are still very much alive, the southern and central varieties of Falian are fading in favour of Tudonian Standard Allemanic. While it is not uncommon for students in primary and secondary schools in Sigairish-speaking areas to be instructed in Sigairish in all classes, but a mandatory Tudonish-language class, it is much more common for instruction in Falian-speaking areas to be entirely or almost entirely in Standard Tudonian Alemannic, with many schools only teaching Falian-language classes in Falian and some not teaching the language.
Main article: Education in Tudonia
Primary school and secondary school education are free in Tudonia, although parents are usually expected to buy their children's school utensils, in some cases, including books. An exception to this are private schools which often cost money. While some private schools still require their students to wear school uniforms, these are no longer used by public schools, though almost all enforce some form of a dress code. Some secondary schools offer the so-called erweitertes Hochschulabgangszeugnis which is a diploma required to get employment in some sectors and to go to university. In contrast to primary and secondary education, universities are not free, though students may get a full stipendium (Studiënvollfinanzierung) or partial stipendium (Studiënteilfinanzierung).