Trifonov

From IIWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Duchy of Trifonov
Namorese: Телинапа йeгyкa
Katranjian: Khertsogstvo i Trifonov
Luziycan: Dukati i Trifonov
Minjianese: 特里諾夫的公國

Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Chrez silata i istinata
(Katranjian) Through the might of truth
Anthem: Katranjiev, ti priyaten zemya
Location of Trifonov in Katranjiev
Location of Trifonov in Katranjiev
Capital
and largest city
Baicheng
Official languages Namorese
Katranjian
Luziycan
Minjianese
Ethnic groups Kannei (49%)
Katranjians (46%)
Others (5%)
Religion Lutheran Catholicism, Txoism
Demonym Trifonovian
Government Duchy
 -  Duke Ganev VI
 -  Premier Yijun Li (P)
Area
 -  Total 29,603 km2
11,430 sq mi
Population
 -  2015 census 2,941,683
 -  Density 99.37/km2
257.4/sq mi
Time zone ST
Drives on the right
Calling code +55 (03)
ISO 3166 code KJ
Internet TLD .tr.kj

Trifonov (Katranjian: Trifonov, Luziycan: Trifonov, Namorese: Телинапа, Telinapa, Minjianese: 特里诺夫, tè lǐ nuò fu) is a duchy in the Kingdom of Katranjiev. It is the second largest duchy in population, behind the duchy of Desislav, and since the independence of Riro is the only part of the former condominium of Riro to remain under Katranjian control, as well as the only duchy with a Namorese plurality within Katranjiev.

Trifonov is bordered to the west by the Katranjian duchy of Chavdarov, to the north by Riro, to the east by the Namorese autonomous republic of Minjian, and to the south by the duchy of Planinkhora.

Etymology

Trifonov is heavily used in Katranjian and many non-Monic languages to refer to the duchy. Trifonov derives from "son of Trifon", referring to Saint Tryphon. It first appeared in 1227, referring to the city of Baicheng, and only came to be applied to the duchy by the 1300s. However, by 1957, the Namorese name was officially adopted by the Liberationist government, and Trifonov has since only referred to the duchy.

The Minjianese word for Trifonov (特里諾夫, tè lǐ nuò fu) is a jiajie interpretation of the Katranjian word. However, unlike the name for Katranjiev in Katranjiev, there is no discernible or coherent meaning behind the name, and the characters literally mean "special in promise husband." In Namorese, it was transcribed as Telinapa (Телинапa).

History

Prehistory

one billion years ago, Trifonov may not have been here.

Namorese era

lots of trade with Namor, Namorese and Minjianese settlement, where many Namorese were banished to after AD 723 when Katranjiev breaks away from Namor

Middle Ages

disputes between Katranjiev and Namor, annexation in the 1360s

Condominium

Bird's eye view of a palace in Baicheng, 1535

In 1785, the Hao Dynasty launched an invasion against Katranjiev in an effort to bring Katranjiev back under Namorese rule. One of the major turning points was the Battle of Shiangjun, where the Katranjian army, mostly comprised of forces raised by the Duke of Trifonov, Ganev who managed to defeat the Hao forces and forced a retreat. However, due to concerns that the Hao would invade again, Zhivkov agreed to negotiate with the Hao forces.

The Treaty of Licho resulted in the establishment the condominium in present-day Riro and Trifonov, and was to cover five duchies (Trifonov, Maritsa, Iztokov, Valariev, and Katran). The region would be under the "joint dominion" of Namor and Katranjiev: thus, Riro was not to be divided into separate "Namorese" and "Katranjian" parts, but instead to be governed as "one unit."

Thus, from that point on, the Namorese exerted substantial influence over the duchies: while the dukes still remained formally in charge of the duchies, and there were still some "pockets" of Slavic communities throughout the condominium of Riro that followed Katranjian law, the Namorese had de-facto sovereignty over the area, although the Katranjians received some of the profits from the taxes implemented in the condominium. Katranjiev also continued to apply feudalism to the Slavic communities within Riro.

The feudal system began to collapse in the region, especially as the dukes began to centralize their authority. This process was attempted by duke Ganev I began centralizing his power at the expense of the Hào officials and the counts that governed the feudal communities of the Slavs, which alienated the Namorese officials and resulted in his untimely demise. In 1807, Ganev I died under suspicious circumstances, and was succeeded by his son, Ganev II, who was more willing to cooperate with the Namorese.

Industrial Revolution

Oil derricks near Baicheng in 1885

In 1824, oil was first struck near Baicheng. The decline of the Hao dynasty, combined with the industrialization of Krasimir and Desislav caused many people to emigrate from the region to become factory workers. However, in the 1830s, Baicheng became industrialized, and by the late 1840s, the first commercial oil wells began operating. In 1832, Ganev II died, and was succeeded by Ganev III.

As Katranjian nationalism began growing, tensions began to rise between the Namorese and Minjianese inhabitants of the area (then called Northern Namorese and Southern Namorese respectively), as well as in part, with the Hào officials which had de-facto governed the condominium for nearly a century. In 1853, a railway line opened that connected Baicheng to Krasimir.

In the early 1860s, during the uprising led by Igor Sprskov, Baicheng was occupied from January 1861 to February 1863, and was where Sprskov was captured by Katranjian forces in 1863. During Sprskov's occupation, he executed Ganev III. Thus, following the liberation of Baicheng, Ganev IV became the new Duke.

After a peace treaty with the newly-created Luziyca in 1864, Baicheng began to recover, and by 1870 became a preeminent "Namorese city." Immigration began reaching its peak in the 1870s and 1880s, when many ethnic Katranjians migrated towards Trifonov and Riro, mainly due to a perceived notion that one can "rise from being a poor pauper in the Karpati Mountains to become an aristocrat in the Eastern duchies." In the 1870s, Standardized Txoism came into being as elites became concerned that Txoism was losing converts to other religions, such as Lutheran Catholicism, and later, Kansism. At the same time, with the Chen Minko Rebellion, Ganev IV centralized his power, free of any real opposition as Namorese forces were busy fighting Chen Minko's forces in Namor proper.

In 1885, due to the passage of the Constitution of Katranjiev, Ganev IV was forced to create a legislature. The first Premier was Viktor Valov, serving from 1885 to his death in 1906. Under Valov's term in office, the Namorese officials had become virtually powerless, and he was able to help promote the industrialization of the duchy. He also promoted education and healthcare.

By the turn of the 20th century, Baicheng had become an industrialized city, with it serving as a regional hub for the railways in operation. At the same time, Yichun begun undergoing their own industrialization, with textiles becoming a major industry there. In 1907, Evgeni Ilev struck oil near Yichun, causing the start of an oil industry in Yichun as well.

After Valov died in 1906, he was succeeded by the first ethnic Namorese Premier, Liberal Hao Ma. Under Hao's term in office, he attempted to adopt the Tungzo dialect as the official form of the Namorese, but after linguist Grigor Zhelyaskov presented his findings the following year and urged that the Namo dialect be used, Ma relented and in 1909 adopted standard Namorese using the Latin alphabet.

In 1913, after Katranjiev annexed the far-eastern duchies, they unilaterally ended the condominium over Riro, thereby giving Katranjiev sole sovereignty over Trifonov. Namorese officials however had left following the demise of the Hao dynasty and the creation of the Republic of Namor three years prior. The following year, Trifonov annexed huge swathes of the former Protectorate of Vetxhi that existed prior to 1913.

In 1916, Hao Ma lost the election, and was succeeded by Conservative Tsang Pei. Under Pei's administration, he began investing a concerted effort to pave the roads, and in 1923 constructed Katranjiev's first paved dual highway, connecting Baicheng with Yichun. However, railroads still remained a common mode of transportation, although automotive traffic rose through the 1920s. Pei also oversaw the growing extraction of the oil sands, with the first large-scale refinery opening in 1926. That year, Beifang was connected to Katranjian cities like Yichun, Baicheng, Atanasov, and Lizhou.

Motorway near Yichun, 1938

In 1931, Pei was booted out of office due to an economic downturn, and was succeeded by Liberal Chun Sho. Sho helped expand welfare and began an ambitious program to end "chronic homelessness" by 1941 by providing homeless people with houses and make-work projects, such as expanding the ducal motorway system. A motorway was built in 1935 linking Beifang and Yichun, and by 1938, there were motorways crossing the duchy from the northern duchies of Gavrilov and Iztokov to Planinkhora, and from the western duchies of Chavdarov and Maritsa to the border with the Republic of Namor. In 1939, Ganev IV died and was succeeded by Ganev V.

In 1941, Chun Sho stepped down from office, and was succeeded by Liberationist Yao Song. Yao ran on a platform of opposing Chorea and punishing "enemy collaborators" present within the duchy. He also vowed to return the eastern counties back to Namor when the war was finished, attracting substantial support from the Minjianese community.

Yao passed a law relocating all ethnic Choreans living in the duchy to a "resettlement facility" just days after he took office. When in 1942, the federal government passed a law opening an internment camp in Chavdarov, all Choreans residing in Trifonov were sent to Chavdarov.

After the end of the Namo-Chorean War in 1944, Yao attempted to return the areas annexed in 1913 to Namor, but a Supreme Court ruling found his actions unconstitutional. Thus, in 1946, Yao lost the election to Liberal Wuying Ren.

Under Wuying's rule, he focused on increasing the quality of life for the residents of the duchy. The recovering economy in much of the world helped increase oil revenues, enabling his government to invest in education and cultural infrastructure. In 1951, he proposed making Southern Namorese (i.e. Minjianese co-official with Namorese, Luziycan, and Katranjian, but he was defeated by former Premier Yao Song of the Liberationists.

Liberationist era

Following the rise of Huankun Chen in the 1951 general election, Yao Song personally pledged loyalty to him and to Antelope Yunglang after the monarchy was deposed and the People's Republic created on December 11, 1951. The following day, the Duke (Ganev V) and his family were placed under house arrest. Yao immediately set out to transfer control of the eastern counties to Namor "as soon as realistically possible."

However, on April 15, 1952, the duchies and counties were abolished: instead, Katranjiev was to be divided into communes (within the pre-1913 borders, including Riro). Chen however restored the Condominium, declaring the 1913 act to be "null and void." Thus, Yao Song ceased being Premier of the Duchy, but he was still head of the Baicheng commune. Yao oversaw the process of nationalization and collectivization of the lands within the former duchy during 1952.

The Namorese and Minjianese populations were compensated for their lost assets, unlike the Slavic populations, who were given zero compensation. This would set a pattern for the next few decades in making the Namorese a dominant minority in Katranjiev.

In 1956, the Riroese Autonomous Republic was created based off the Namorese autonomous republics, with its capital in Chunov. The area included all of the former duchy of Trifonov, as well as all of present-day Riro, and the eastern regions of Talnakh. Yao Song was appointed as its first President. However, these republics were never fully set up, and were generally used as sinecure positions. At the same time, restrictions on freedom of movement ended immigration to Trifonov.

In the 1960s, Huankun Chen followed the example of Namor's Green Fever and began the 26th of July Movement. Yao was purged for being a "moderate," and was executed in 1967. He was succeeded by Yongdong Zhen as President. However, while the 26th of July Movement affected the Slavic populations, the Namorese population largely went unscathed, with Baicheng becoming one of the more prosperous cities in the nation.

During the 1970s, the "eastern communes" were widely seen as the most prosperous part of the country, due to their extensive trade links to Namor. However, tensions began to mount following the Namorese political crisis in 1975 when Katranjiev backed Kiang Su. Following the publication of A Hard Look at Katranjian Liberationism, relations between Katranjiev and Namor reached a nadir. This caused exports of oil to be scaled back, causing an economic downturn. Zhen resigned in 1980, and was replaced by Mikhail Wu.

Following the death of Huankun Chen in 1984, the Namorese-majority communes backed Nuoju Zeng in the political crisis, while Baikun Qing was supported by the Slavic inhabitants. Thus, clashes between the two sides took place.

Following Qing's election in 1986, Qing attempted to open Katranjiev up to the world, and began attempting to implement Minjuha-style reforms. However, by 1989, dissatisfaction with the People's Republic reached a tipping point, and a referendum was held. While Trifonov voted to keep the People's Republic, most of Katranjiev voted to restore the monarchy.

Present-day

City of Baicheng, 2016

Following the end of the People's Republic of Katranjiev in 1989, the duchies were restored. The Duke was released from house arrest, and re-assumed his position as Ganev V. In August 1989, elections were held, bringing Liberationist Premier Jianhong Yan to power.

Despite Jianhong's policies, the duchy became a tiger economy, as the opening up of Katranjiev to outside investment saw many foreign companies invest in the Katranjian oil sands, such as Pustinia Neftnaya Kompaniya or (insert Namorese company here).

Thus, during the 1990s and 2000s, investment in the oil sands in present-day Riro and Trifonov helped boost the standards of living. Many ethnic Katranjian immigrants began flocking to Trifonov, especially Baicheng because of its close location to the oil sands. The economic boom helped ensure the diversification of the local economy, especially in the cities of Baicheng and Yichun and their metropolitan areas. Thus, by the end of the 1990s, Trifonov had become the second-richest duchy in the country, only behind Sokolov.

The oil boom led to the growth of the financial sector in the 2000s, while another part of the economy was serving as a "conduit" for trade between Namor and Luziyca. In 2002, Minjianese became the fourth official language of the Duchy, and language revitalization efforts began, especially in the southern municipalities including Yichun. In 2004, Jianhong retired, and was succeeded by Liberal premier Grigori Velichkov.

However, in the 2010s, the boom years began to stall, as Namorese and Minjianese inhabitants sought independence for Riro. After an independence referendum held in what would become present-day Riro and Trifonov, which saw the duchy having 44.1% choose autonomy, compared to 43% choosing independence, and the remainder voting for the status quo. The following year, after Velichkov was implicated in a sex scandal, he was ousted and a snap election was called. He lost the election to Liberationist candidate Yijun Li, who became the first female Premier in the duchy.

After Riro seceded from Katranjiev, many ethnic Katranjians who lived in these duchies moved to Trifonov, causing a rise in ethnic tensions between ethnic Katranjians, and the Namorese and Minjianese communities, especially after a 2016 report was released, which stated that if current trends continue, Trifonov will become a Katranjian-majority duchy.

Geography

Rice paddies in the foothill region

Trifonov has an area of 29,603 square kilometers (11,430 square miles), and only borders two duchies of Katranjiev: Chavdarov, located to the west, and Planinkhora to the south. To the north lies the independent state of Riro, and to the east is the Namorese autonomous republic of Minjian.

The southwestern third of the duchy comprises of foothills of the Karpati Mountains, while the remainder of the region comprises of the eastern plains stretching into Riro. Trifonov is rich in oil sands, with two fields: one about 60 km east of Yichun, and one around 130 km north of Baicheng.

Climatically, due to its position north of the Karpati Mountains, it displays a warm-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csb), with an average high temperature at 25 °C (77 °F) in the summer, and an average low of 8 °C (46.4 °F) in the winter, although the foothills tend to have somewhat cooler temperatures.

Politics

Federal politics

In the National Assembly, prior to the 2017 general election, Trifonov sent twenty MNAs as of the 2015 census. However, with the adoption of single transferable vote in 2017, Trifonov now has 12 constituencies, with each constituency sending three MNAs to the National Assembly.

Ducal politics

Legislative building, Baicheng, 2008

The duchy of Trifonov is officially a subnational monarchy, governed as a constitutional monarchy in accordance with the Constitution of Katranjiev.

Its head of state is the Duke (Namorese: йe, ye Katranjian: khertsog, Luziycan: duka, Minjianese: 公爵, gōngjué), currently Ganev VI, who has reigned since 1997.

The Legislative Assembly (Namorese: фаxои, fahoi, Katranjian: zakonodatelno subranie, Luziycan: legislatura assemblea, Minjianese: 立法議會, lìfǎ yìhuì) comprises of 80 legislators, known as MLAs, and meet at least once every two weeks in the capital city of Baicheng. They are elected every five years using first past the post.

As of the 2015 election, the former Liberationist Party of Katranjiev held 43 seats, but with its dissolution in late 2016, it now is in a coalition between the Progressives and The Left, having 24 and 19 seats respectively.

The current Premier (Namorese: онгсианг, ongsiang, Katranjian: toriyat ministur, Luziycan: premier, Minjianese: 總理, zongli) is Yijun Li, serving since 2015 and part of the Progressive Party. Yijun Li is the first female Premier to be elected to serve as the Premier for Trifonov.

While it has all the powers granted to other duchies in Katranjiev, Trifonov is unique in that since 2014, it is permitted by the constitution to make non-military diplomatic agreements with both Namor and Riro without needing federal approval.

Trifonov also has full fiscal autonomy (Namorese: TБЦ, TBC, Katranjian: fiskalna avtonomiya, Luziycan: fiskalnaya autonomiya, Minjianese: 財政自主權, cáizhèng zìzhǔ quán) since 2014, meaning all tax revenue collected in the duchy goes to the ducal government, including all federal taxes collected in the duchy. Thus, Trifonov has to pay its full share for all federal services, and is ineligible to receive transfer payments from the federal government in Krasimir (though it must still pay into them).

Culture

Literature

Media

Apart from the national radio (KNR) and television outlets (KTV, Sevchik, and PBC), the duchy has its own ducal radio and television service, known as the Trifonov Broadcasting Service (TBS), which was first launched in 1948, but was shut down in 1956 during the People's Republic of Katranjiev. After the end of Liberationism in 1989, the radio service was relaunched in September 1989, and the television service began in 1990. TBS has three channels: TBS1, TBS2, and TBS3, with identical programming except language (TBS1 in Namorese and Minjianese, TBS2 in Katranjian, and TBS3 in Luziycan).

The most popular newspapers besides the national newspapers (i.e. Slevdovatel, Pochetny, and The People's Liberator) in the duchy is the leftist Namorese-language Baicheng Express and the center-right Baicheng Times, both of which are broadsheets.

Sports

Exterior of Liberation Stadium in Baicheng, 2012

Due to the location of Trifonov in the crossroads of Katranjiev, Riro, and Minjian, sports in the duchy are generally greatly influenced by the Namorese, Minjianese, and Katranjian sporting traditions.

The most common traditional sport is archery, often by the Namorese and Minjianese inhabitants. Mob football was common among the Katranjian population.

Since the 19th century, cycling and association football have become the most popular sports of the area. Today, cycling is the largest individual sport, with the best cyclists competing in the annual cycling race. The most popular team sport is association football, with FC Baicheng competing in the Katranjian Premier League.

Cuisine

An egg roll

Due to Trifonov being home to much of the Namorese and Minjianese communities, the traditional cuisine of the area is greatly influenced by Minjian and Namor proper. Thus, rice is often consumed with seafood, as well as fen noodle soup, which typically has more meat that in Namor.

A popular local dish is the egg roll, usually consumed as a snack. If consumed with a full meal, the egg roll is traditionally consumed as a side, usually to suantang.

Since the 20th century, Katranjian cuisine has started to pour into Trifonov. Thus, today, baklava and pitas are heavily consumed, as well as chocolates.