Transcandar is a Central-Catainese nation divided from it's northern and eastern neighours by the extensive Transcandar mountain range
system which feeds the major river systems that run down to south of the country. Transcandar can be generally divided into three regions; south, north and east. South being the heartland of the country, extensive watershed provides large fertile plains between the rivers that run down to the coast. In the north, the fertile plains of the north form into large rolling steppes that make their way up to the İznik valley which stands as the entrance through the Transcandar mountains. However in the east, the environment becomes a cold landscape of high mountains and few valley paths.
A photograph of Lake Kırşehir. Kırşehir is the largest lake in the country and is located south of İznik.
Transcandar map of Köppen climate classification
Transcandar has a variable climate. In the northeast, winters are cold with heavy snowfall and subfreezing temperatures during December and January. Spring and fall are relatively mild, while summers are dry and hot. The Transcandarian Brassidan coast receives the greatest amount of precipitation and is the only region of Transcandar that receives high precipitation throughout the year. The eastern part of that coast averages 2,200 millimetres (87 in) annually which is the highest precipitation in the country.
Mountains close to the north prevent desert influences from extending inland, giving the central plateau of the interior of Transcandar a continental climate with sharply contrasting seasons.
Winters on the eastern part of Transcandar in Ömnöduul region are especially severe. Temperatures of −30 to −40 °C (−22 to −40 °F) can occur in north-eastern Ömnöduul. Snow may remain at least 120 days of the year. In the west, winter temperatures average below 1 °C (34 °F). Summers are hot and dry, with temperatures often above 30 °C (86 °F) in the day. Annual precipitation averages about 400 millimetres (16 inches), with actual amounts determined by elevation.
Transcandar is an absolute monarchy with constitutional provisions and Transcandarian law and Custom. The head of state is the Prince, currently Temür II, who ascended to the throne in 2009 after the death of his father Ozmen III. The prince appoints the governor-general from the legislature and also appoints a minority of legislators to both chambers of the National Diet, with help from an advisory council. The Prince is allowed by the constitution to appoint some members to the diet for special interests. These special interests are citizens who might have been left out by the electorate during the course of elections or did not enter as candidates. This is done to balance views in parliament. Special interests could be people of gender, race, disability, business community, civic society, scholars, chiefs and so on.
The House of Peers consists of 30 members, of which some are appointed by the Prince on recommendation of the advisory council and others elected by the lower house. The House of Representatives has 65 seats, 55 of which are occupied by elected representatives from the 14 states around the country, 10 seats appointed by the Prince on recommendation of the advisory council. Elections are held every five years.
The judiciary of Transcandar is made up of a three-tiered court system: first instance courts in each state and city district; appellate courts for each state and also the capital Sinop; and the court of last resort (for non-constitutional matters) at the Supreme Court of Transcandar. For questions of constitutional law there is a separate constitutional court.
A Royal Judicial Council (RJC) nominates judges which must then be confirmed by the parliament and appointed by the Prince.
Arbitration centres provide alternative dispute resolution options for commercial and other disputes.
Transcandar attempts to maintain warm relations with many of it's neighbors and states in comes in contact with. But It most notably keeps good ties with Volghar whom it maintains various trade and economic agreements with.
The government has focused a great deal on encouraging foreign investments and trade.
- Main article: Royal Transcandarian Armed Forces
The Transcandarian Armed Forces are the military services. The forces are managed by the Ministry of Defence and controlled by the Defence Council, chaired by the Minister of Defence. The Commander-in-Chief is the Transcandarian monarch, Temür II, to whom members of the forces swear an oath of allegiance. The Armed Forces are charged with the defense of Transcandarian Sovereignty and interests.
The Transcandarian Army maintains the Rapid Reaction Brigade capable of responding to threats at any part of nation
The military is composed of four branches, all of which carry the prefix Kraliyet (Royal):
Every fit Transcandarian citizen otherwise not barred is encouraged to serve in the military for a period ranging from three weeks to a year, dependent on education and job location. However benefits are given to people who plan on a career in the military. Transcandar did not recognize conscientious objection until 2007 in the case of conscription.
Admiral Armağan Arıcan is the current Commander of the Royal Transcandarian Armed Forces.
Old Transcandarian Lira minted during a period of hyper-inflation in the country during the late 90's
Economic activity in Transcandar has traditionally been based on herding and agriculture, although development of extensive mineral deposits of copper, iron, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, and gold have emerged as a driver of industrial production. It has a market economy, a moderate GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty.
The Transcandarian Lire (₺) is the nations currency.
Transcandar has an estimated population in 2018 of 13.762 million inhabitants, nearly three-quarters of whom lived in towns and cities. According to the 2011 estimate, the population is increasing by 1.35 percent each year. Transcandar has an average population density of 6.49 people per km². People within the 15–64 age group constitute 67.4 percent of the total population; the 0–14 age group corresponds to 25.3 percent; while senior citizens aged 65 years or older make up 7.3 percent.
The Transcandarian Constitution defines a "Transcandarian" as "anyone who is bound to the Transcandarian state through the bond of citizenship"; therefore, the legal use of the term "Transcandarian" as a citizen of Transcandar is different from an ethnic definition.
The ethnic composition of the population according to the 2009 population census: 87% Transcandarian, 8% Sükhbaataryn and 5% Malbanians.
In total, Transcandar has 78 cities, 63 city districts, and one special legal status city. These are followed by 261 urban-type settlements and 4248 villages.
The official language is Transcandarian (Türük language), which is spoken by approximately 92% of the population as a mother tongue. It belongs to the Türük language family. Malbanian and Midrasian play significant roles as second or third languages of education and communication.
The culture of modern Transcandar has developed to what it is as a result of centuries of cultural mixing between Volghari, Indiginous Transcandarians and Asuran merchants. Today, national traditions are well preserved in the country despite Western influences, including globalized consumer culture. Some of the main elements of the Transcandarian culture are: music, literature, folk dances and art, cuisine, architecture, cinematography, horsemanship and seamanship.
Transcandarian culture is a product of efforts to be a "modern western" state, while maintaining traditional religious and historical values.
Transcandarian painting, in the Western sense, developed actively starting from the mid 19th century. The very first painting lessons were scheduled at what is now the Sinop Technical University (then the Royal Military Engineering School) in 1793, mostly for technical purposes. In the late 19th century, human figure in the Western sense was being established in Transcandarian painting, especially with Osman . Impressionism, among the contemporary trends, appeared later on with Halil Hamdi.
Carpet weaving represents a traditional art. During its long history, the art and craft of the woven carpet has integrated different cultural traditions. Traces of Asuran design can be detected, Türük peoples migrating from Central-Catai, as well as Malbanian people, Elhazian and Volghar tribes either living in, or migrating to Transcandar, brought with them their traditional designs. The reformation of Göktanrism and the development of the Göktanri art also influenced Transcandar carpet design. The history of its designs, motifs and ornaments thus reflects the political and ethnic history and diversity of the area of Transcandar. However, scientific attempts were unsuccessful, as yet, to attribute a particular design to a specific ethnic, regional, or even nomadic versus village tradition.
Music and Dance
Since the 18th century, Transcandarian architecture has been increasingly influenced by Asuran styles, and this can be particularly seen in the reorganization era buildings of Sinop like the Dolmabahçe, Çırağan, Feriye, Beylerbeyi, Küçüksu, Ihlamur and Yıldız palaces, which were all designed by members of the Barış family of Transcandarian court architects. The reorganization era waterfront houses (yalı) on the Brassidan also reflect the fusion between classical Transcandarian and Asuran architectural styles during the aforementioned period. The First National Architectural Movement (Birinci Ulusal Mimarlık Akımı) in the early 20th century sought to create a new architecture, which was based on motifs from Volghar and Transcandarian architecture. The movement was also labelled Transcandarian Neoclassical or the National Architectural Renaissance. The leading architects of this movement were Ali Erkekli (1873–1942), Ogün Keçeci Bey (1870–1927), Cem Elmastaşoğlu (1888–1982) and Mert Evliyaoğlu (1873–1953).
Transcandarian cuisine is regarded as one of the one most in-depth in Central-Catai, it’s development is owed largely to cultural influences of the Volghar Khaganate, Elhazian and Asuran traders, and partly because of its tourism industry. It can be described as a fusion and refinement of Central-Catainese, Yidaoan and Elhazian cuisines.
Transcandarian cuisine was well established by the mid-1400s. Yogurt salads, fish in olive oil, and stuffed and wrapped vegetables became Transcandarian staples. The Principality used its land and water routes to import exotic ingredients from all over the world. By the end of the 16th century, the Transcandarian court housed over 1,400 live-in cooks and passed laws regulating the freshness of food. Since the establishment of Parliament, and increased liberalization and diplomatic openness foreign food such as Midrasian hollandaise sauce and western fast food have made their way into the modern Transcandarian diet.
Media and cinema
Television, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both state-owned and for-profit corporations which depend on advertising, subscription, and other sales-related revenues. The Constitution of Transcandar guarantees freedom of speech.
Frequent attacks on journalists of non-state sponsored media is a serious threat to Transcandar's press freedom. The number of assaults has recently declined, but the physical integrity of journalists remain at stake.
Yeşilçam is the sobriquet that refers to the Transcandarian film art and industry. Much of Transcandar's early access to foreign media came through Kastamonu, coming it's open attitude to foreign entrepreneurs and large foreign community. The first movie exhibited in the Transcandar was the Midrasian 1895 film, L'Arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat, which was shown in Kastamonu in 1896. The first narrative film, Burak Mertoğlu's The Spy, was released in 1917. Transcandar's first sound film was shown in 1931.