The Ostracism

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The Ostracism (Vietnamese: Sự lưu đày) was the name of an era of racial segregation in Quenmin that lasted from 1906 to 1973. Even though some ethnic groups, like the Hmongs and the Kirisakians, were discriminated against, it mostly targeted the Tam, and the White Quenminese, or the Châu, population residing in the nation.

When Quenmin secured its independence from it's colonial master in 1853, the first and second Emperors of the Pham Dynasty at that time, Chức Định and Bảo Thịnh, both recognized the Tam and white minority and pushed the Parliament to give them jobs, making them seem like equals with the Sang majority. However, when Phòng Thất, the third Emperor, came into power and expanded his country's territories, his Law to Further Secure the Prosperity and Strength of the Nation started to deliberately degrade the Tams and Châus of their status, thanks to its proposition to strip any of them from the more prominent money-making jobs they once had. Subsequently, when Đức Khểnh ascended the throne in 1918 and, eventually, the Cacertian-Quenminese War ravaging, more laws imposed by the Quenminese government brought upon a massive change in the nation's society. The Edict of 1922, which was proposed by the Emperor himself, came into effect three days after the conflict started prior to the anti-Cacertian propraganda released; the Edict barred the Châu minority from the education, health care, restuarants, media, and the living space provided towards the Kinh majority and other races the government chooses to exempt. When the war ended, Đức Khểnh intended to keep his edict in effect in order to consolidate Quenminese nationalism.

The Ostracism was one of the most infamous events in Quenmin's history, as it inspired a whole lot of international disapproval in Tyran and internal protests and violence. To secure the racial barrier, the Quenminese government did everything they can to be sure that it stays, even with the method of ruthless violence. In the course of the rule of Ngày Mừng, who was also a supporter of the Edict, had a change of heart—at first, totally upset and stripped him of his titles—when his son, Crown Prince Phạm Khúc Bửu Thuật, continued to participated in the minority's activities to end the segregation. Enforcing the Racial Rights Edict in 1973, the Quenminese government abolished Đức Khểnh's Edict that obstructed the Châu population from coexisting with the rest of the Quenminese population.

Early Stages

First Tamauite-Quenminese War

The Edict of 1922

Main article: The Edict of 1922

Protests and Violence

The Lanh Chinh Story

Abolishment in 1973

International Reaction

Xevden and Gylias

The passage of The Edict of 1922 initially drew a positive reaction from the leadership of Xevden. King Karnaz at the time was presiding over an authoritarian crackdown on dissent against the country's own system of discrimination, and found the presence of a similar regime in Quenmin encouraging. Over the next decade, the two countries developed closer relations, Quenmin providing support to Karnaz's repressive efforts. The arrangement was the source of some controversy in Quenmin, particularly since the Xevdenites were a minority elite seeking to hold power against the agitation of the disadvantaged majority. The Quenminese authorities often collaborated in secret with the Xevdenites to track down dissidents and exiles living in Quenmin, sometimes facilitating Xevdenite assassination or kidnapping attempts. Quenminese historian [name] described the collusion with Xevden as "a shameful black mark on the history of our empire".

Upon Karnaz's death, his successor Láaresy sought to make a break with Xevden's authoritarian past as a means to remedy the severe internal crisis it grappled with. As part of his greater package of democratic reforms, Láaresy broke relations with Quenmin, seeking to repair Xevden's poor reputation abroad. However, his reforms had the effect of exacerbating the crisis, leading to the eruption of the Liberation War in 1938.

During the Liberation War, the Quenminese government generally supported the liberal and anti-communist factions of the conflict. When the war ended in 1958 and Gylias became independent, this stance brought initial relations with Gylias to a low ebb. In a speech on 17 February 1958, Gylian foreign minister Karac Nywas identified Quenmin as one of the nations Gylias was "hostile to", on account of their support for "former oppressors". The Gylian government maintained no official relations with Quenmin, urged Gylians living in Quenmin to move to Gylias, and imposed a complete boycott of Quenmin, bringing in a unified series of economic, military, cultural and sporting sanctions that isolated the two nations.

As Gylias emerged from its own initial period of isolation, it continued to maintain a policy of boycotting Quenmin and providing moral and financial support for resistance to Ostracism. Anti-Ostracism organisations were allowed to freely establish foreign branches in Gylias, and received assistance from Gylian activists. As international opposition to Ostracism grew, Erika Djilesh, who became foreign minister in 1962, began to assume a leading role in reuniting the disparate forces into a coordinated international campaign to decisively pressure Quenmin to abolish racial discrimination.