Sjealand

From IIWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Sjealandic Realm (Archkingdom of Sjealand)
ᛅᚱᚴᚽᚴᚮᚿᚵᚽᚱᛁᚵᚽᛐᚿ ᛋᛁᛅᛚᛚᛆᛑ
Sjællandske Rige (Ærkekongeriget Sjealand) (Tynic)
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Tro og enighed til Asgård falder
Faith and unity till Asgård falls
Anthem: 
Poul-Erik Nielsen
Norden, mit fædreland
MediaPlayer.png
Royal anthem
Yngvild Rasmussen
"Archking Kristian stood by lofty mast"
MediaPlayer.png
The Location of Sjealand in Nordania
Political map of Sjealand
CapitalAsgård Stad
Largest Capital
Official languages Tynic
Recognised national languages Tynic
Brattan
Fjeldric
Lauragán
Øic
Recognised regional languages Anglish in the Tårnøerne Islands
Ethnic groups (2014) Tynics (49,2%)
Brattans (20.5%)
Fjeldras (13%)
Nahuas (7.9%)
Lauragáns (4.6%)
Ambrosians (2,8%)
Øicers (2%)
Demonym Sjealander
Government Constitutional Monarchy
 -  Archking Frederik VI of Sjealand
 -  Rigsdagspræsident Erik Valmund
 -  Gudstaler Alfhild Ingvarsdatter
Legislature Rigsdag
 -  Upper house Landsting
 -  Lower house Folketing
Consolidation Sjealandic Wars of Unification (November 5, 756)
 -  Halmsfeld Heresy 4th of July, 1261 
 -  Foundation of the Kingdom of the Two Daughters 21st of Decemeber, 1324 
 -  North Sea Realm 1412 
 -  Ambrosian War of Liberation 6th of May 1691 
 -  War of the Njord 1971-1972 
Area
 -  Total 312,696 km2
120,733 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 9.4
Population
 -  September 2016 estimate 26,657,434
 -  September 2016 census 26,657,434
 -  Density 85,2/km2
220,7/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2,6 trillion
 -  Per capita $69,296
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $1,84 trillion
 -  Per capita $69,296 USD
Gini (2014)27.5
low
HDI (2014)0.954
very high
Currency Rigsdaler (rd) (RGD)
Time zone TZ5 (Asgård Standard) (UTC+5)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +45
ISO 3166 code SJE
Internet TLD .sj

The Archkingdom of Sjealand (/ˈSjɛalandːrk/;ᛅᚱᚴᚽᚴᚮᚿᚵᚽᚱᛁᚵᚽᛐᚿ ᛋᛁᛅᛚᛚᛆᛑ Tynic: Sjæland[Sjæland]) commonly known as Sjealand, or the Sjealandic Realm, is a sovereign country covering the majority of the Sjealandic peninsula in Nordania. Besides its mainland possessions, Sjealand includes a long series of archipelagoes stretching around its coast, as well as the Tårnøerne archipelago in the Sea of Njord and the Værøerne archipelago in the Tynic Sea. Sjealand shares its entire land border with another sovereign state-the Royal Confederation of Swastria. Apart from its land border it shares maritime borders with Vestmannaland, Ambrose as well as Jorland and Lothican. Its coast is surrounded by the Tynic Sea to the south, the Sjealandic Channel to the north-west, the Sea of Njord to the north and east and the Voragic Ocean to the west, giving it one of the longest coastlines in the world, and the longest in Nordania. With an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), Sjealand is the second largest state on the Tynic Sea. It has a medium large population that was measured as 26,657,434 in 2017.

Sjealand is constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy, however the monarch still retains a considerable amount of power including votes in the Sjealandic Rigsdag. The current ruling monarch is Archking Frederik VI who suceeded to the throne in 2012 after the death of his father Kristian IX. The capital of Sjealand is Asgård, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 3.5 million, it is consistently ranked as one of the most livable cities in Esquarium and is regarded as the premier esquarian city of the arts, famed for its prestigious academies and marvelous architecture. Other major urban areas in Sjealand include Götensholm, Holmegård, Miklagård, Nordvakt and Frederikssted.

Sjealand consists of nine sovereign realms: Asgård, Vanaheim, Midgård, Jotunheim, Niflheim, Muspelheim, Helheim, Alfheim and Svartalfheim. Their capitals are Grønnedal, Skargas, Götensholm, Tørnes, Yngsvilla, Nillas, Varhaugr, Nordvakt and Lusing. Each realm has a devolved government and further subdivided into Amter in the majority Tynic realms, Fylker in the majority Fjeldra realms, Län in the majority Brattan realms and Fjórðungur on the Tårnøerne in the Laugarán and Øic speaking areas of other realms, however in all national legislation they are referred to as Amter.

Sjealand emerged in the early 900's as a seafaring state, raiding nearby countries for valuables and most importantly thralls, a valuable commodity in Sjealandic society. However by the 1100´s this policy of raids decreased as trade with Tuthina had begun after the First Tuthinan Expedition and soon Sjealandic naval focus shifted to dominating trade with Borea and excluding other Nordanian nations from the area. This as well as a mutual Tuthinan-Sjealandic policy of giving eachother preferential treatment over other traders soon developed into a quasi-monopoly, leading Sjealand to effectively be the only Nordano-Conitian state able to trade with Tuthina and giving them a significant edge in pan-borean trade. This however proved detrimantal as a series of invasions by swastrian states in the wake of the Halmsfeld civil war led Sjealand to be confined on land by the Swastrians. Further naval expansion was sought and after the Despenser War between Sjealand and Ambrose ended in 1324, a personal union was formed called the Kingdom of the Two Daughters, which after 1334 also included Vestmannaland and for a period of 100 years also the Principality of Vasturia.

While Ambrose seceded from the union, effectively disbanding it in 1691, the 1700´s became the golden age of Sjealand, as Borean and Nautasian trade proved even more profitable, leading to a population increase and a boom in construction. The arrival of the 1800´s changed that, first in 1828 with the introduction of democracy in Sjealand, and later in 1861, with the disastrous Great War of the North which saw the independence of Vestmannaland, the cession of Tårnøerne to Ambrose and Hvidland (Seemark) to Swastria. Further losses of territory were also felt in Nautasia during the Ankoreni Revolutionary War. Sjealandic influence can still be observed in Nordania and beyond still however, with Tynic being the second most taught foreign language in Nordania after French and an important mercantile language, as well as with Asgårds position as the cultural capital of Nordania.

Sjealand is a developed country and has one of Esquarium's larger economies, both by GDP and purchasing power parity. It is a very high-income economy and has a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking one of the highest in Esquarium. It was one of the primary mercantile nations in the world, and Nordanias foremost naval power for several centuries. It remains a regional power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It has never publicly sought nuclear weapons but has at several occasions allowed Tuthinan nuclear weapons to be stationed on their soil, and also today leases part of the Marinestation Lindesnes to Ainin, which at some times stations nuclear-capable submarines. It is a member of the Esquarian Community, the Tengkong System, a founding member of the Tynic Commission, the Northern Sea Defence Organisation, the Nordanian Space Agency and the Nordanian League as well as a signatory of the Whaling Treaty and the High Seas Treaty.

Etymology

Carvings in one of the oldest standing Godrsheim's showing the use of the word Sálland

It is generally agreed that the current Tynic name for Sjealand, Sjælland, comes from the Old Haemaslandic Sálland, a portmanteau of the words Sál meaning Soul and Land meaning Land. The use of this word is not seen in any archeological evidence from before the iron age migration of the Old Haemaslanders. Before the 550's BCE the word Deupazkustuz was primarily used by the inhabitants of Sjealand, Deupazkustuz meaning deep coast, referring to the prevalence of Fjords in Sjealand and the prevalent belief in bronze age and early iron age Sjealand that land and sea lay in constant strife.

The beginning of the migrations in the 350's BCE and onwards significantly changed this belief according to the foundational myths of Ríkr Átrunaðr and supported by archeology, a mass migration led by 4 individuals, in Ríkr Átrunaðr identified as Berkana, Kauna, Ansur and Vunjø arrived in the southern part of Hvidlands Tynic Coast with the reported leaders of the migration deeming this the promised land. In Ríkr Átrunaðr it is then stated that Stórrheðrinn elevated the four leaders souls to godhood, leaving their bodies back to be burned as the first Átrunas. As such in honour of their former leaders, now gods, their followers named their promised land Sálland or Soul-land. Archeological and written evidence from emerging rune-stones partly support this, as older versions of Ríkr Átrunaðr indeed are accounted for in the late 300's BCE Sjealand, with the name Sálland being seen on the Verrild Runestone located in central Yngsvilla, which is deemed by Átrunas as the foundational decree of Ríkr Átrunaðr.

With Valdemar I's unification of the petty Sjealandic kingdoms and his ascension as Archking of the united realms that today make up Sjealand in 756 he decreed that the new realm would be named Sálland, in a move likely made to please the Guðstalar of Yngsvilla and the religious hierarchy of the faith, trying to pass off his unification as Stórrheðrinn's will made manifest by his hand. The first recorded use of the name outside of Sjealand as a reference to the country is found in the 9th century Jorvish chronicle Grutte skiednis fan 'e hartoch Esegar en syn ryk which says

In the dark of night, as if phantoms, came 8 longships from the Archking of the foreign land Sálland, carrying men-at-arms with bloodthirst in their eyes. So great was the misery as these warriors plundered the nearby hamlets and abudcted their people to a life of enthrallment.

The name would eventually shift over time as the Sállandic language did, with the Tynic language taking position as the prime language in Sjealand, and as such the newer Tynic spelling and pronounciation of Sjælland would become more used.

History

Prehistory

Pre-unification (5th century BCE-756 CE)

Early Middle Ages (756-1162)

Tengkong System(1162-1474)

Late Middle Ages (1474-1572)

Age of Exploration (1572-1712)

The Golden Years (1712-1829)

Century of Blood (1829-1931)

Modern History(1931-Present)

Geography

Relief map of Sjealand, including internal borders and settlements.

Located in north-western Nordania Sjealand occupies a geostrategic position at the mouth of the Tynic Sea and as the southern coast of the Sjealandic Channel, positioning it centrally at two nautical choke-points. Outside of mainland Sjealand, the realm includes the Tårnøerne Islands in the middle of the Sea of Njord, and the Værøerne Islands in the Tynic Sea. Many of the larger islands are connected by bridges, both to each-other and to the mainland. THe Vilderøe bridge connects Hjaltland and Vilderø, the Stadsbukt-Bridge connects Birka and Hedeby and the Liniavik Bridge connects the Austevoll peninsula with the island of Liniavik. Plans have also been drawn up for a bridge between mainland Sjealand and NAME on the other side of the Tynic Sea, across the Gyldensund, inbetween the Great and Lesser Belts. Ferries or small aircraft connect to the smaller islands. The five cities with populations over 500,000 are the capital Asgård in the Asgård Realm; Götensholm in Midgård; Homlmegård and Miklagård in Vanaheim; and Nordvakt in Alfheim.

Erlsborg Slot in the Kongeelven River Valley.

Mainland Sjealand can be subdivided into five distinct geographic regions, Fjorddalene, Tusindøerne, Højlandet, Sølandet and Østerheden. The Fjorddalene (Fjord Valley) region consists of the mountainous coastal and inland areas, primarily situated in the Vanaheim Realm, but also in the Asgård and Niflheim realms. The area is distinct for its deep fjords, surrounded by high mountains, and as such the coastal areas of the Fjorddalene can be quite warm, thanks to the warm water currents coming in from the Voragic Ocean. This however also makes the region subject to harsh storms and hurricanes, as well as occasional floodings, though not as prevalent as in the Tusindøerne and Sølandet regions. The inland areas of the Fjorddalene region are characterized by steep mountainous areas as well as fertile valleys, where the majority of the areas population resides. In general all of the population of the Fjorddalene regions can be found in the northern and western fjords as well as in the Bay of Skargas.

Kaunastinna in Fjorddalene.
Landscape at the border of Tusindøerne and Fjorddalene.

The Tusindøerne (Thousand Islands) region consists of essentially all of the Sjealandic coastlands from Holmegård and to the Swastrian border. The area is characterized by a generally flat coast, dotted with thousands of small islands, reefs and islets, hence the name. It was the first site of actual states in Sjealand, and in general has the largest cities, with the largest being Asgård. Because of the low-lying coastlands as well as the many islands, the fauna of the area is exceptionally marine, with many of the animals in the region operating both in and out of the water. The area of the Tusindøerne region consisting of the Frederiksodde peninsula and the Kongeelven river valley is also called Adelslandet (Land of Nobility) because of its very fertile land, thanks to the many water-ways and the ground containing large amounts of nitrogen. As a result this area is the most populated region in all of Sjealand, and is also the site of many natural parks and noble estates, giving rise to the term Palaces of the Adelslandet. The low-lying coasts have however also stunted development at times, as the large storms Sjealand is subject to often have led to catastrophic storm floods, most infamously the Great Drowning of Men in 1275, in which at least 30,000 people drowned. Højlandet (The Highlands) is a geographical region that generally consists of all the highlands and mountainous areas of central and southern Sjealand. While not as densely populated as the coastal regions, this region is still home to many fertile valleys and populous cities because of its high number of rivers and valleys. The Highlands are the most densely forested of the geographic regions in Sjealand, and as a result the timber and hunting industries are still strong in the region, though overshadowed by the mining industry that mines the gemstones carved in Asgård.

Sølandet (Land of Lakes) consists of the entirety of the northern coast and is famously named for the North-western lakes, some of the largest in Nordania. The lakes were formed in the post-glacial period as retreating ice-shields carved the ground under it, forming the peculiarly shaped lakes that make up the region. For centuries the lakes acted as their own small seas, with bustling sailing economies centered around Yngsvilla, the religious capital of Sjealand. In general Sølandet is the second most forested region of Sjealand, but also boasts impressively fertile land, especially around Yngsvilla, while the ground becomes increasingly rocky the closer you move to Nordvakt, where fishing is more important. The Østerheden (Eastern Heath) region is the breadbasket of Sjealand and consists of the eastern lowlands by the Sydfjeldene mountains and the Swastrian border. This area has historically had closer contact to Swastria and the Váli peninsula, and thus was quickly introduced to new agricultural ideas. The invasions and occupations by Swastrian states in the 1200's also saw the displacement of many local nobles and the settlement of common people in the area, leading to the creation of many small scale farms, who together fuelled food production in the area.

Sjealands northernmost point is Cape Ambrose in the northern Tårnøerne, the southernmost is the Skælsholm Islet in the Tynic Sea. The westernmost point is Cape Skjoldborg in Vanaheim and the easternmost is the Mýrdal Islet also in the Tårnøerne Archipelago.

Location and borders

The vast majority of the territory that makes up the Sjealandic Realm is situated on the Sjealandic Peninsula and is called mainland Sjealand. However this also includes the majority of the Sjealandic islands. Sjealand is bordered by the Sea of Njord to the north and east, the Sjealandic Channel to the North-west, the Voragic Ocean to the west, the Tynic Sea including the great and lesser belt to the south and the Great Swastrian Bight to the south-east. Its only land border consists of Swastria, with whom it shares a 1,113.66 kilometer long border. This border is roughly delineated by the Sydfjeldene mountains in the west and the Svasterelven river in the east. It also shares maritime borders with Swastria, Eibenland, Vasturia, Ambrose, Jorland and Lothican and Vestmannaland. With Ambrose it disputes the Tårnøerne islands, an archipelago that has passed between Sjealand and Ambrose several times throughout history. Due to the shape of the Sjealandic peninsula, Sjealand is often referred to as Lindormen ("The Lindworm"), because of the Bay of Skargas forming what looks like an open jaw. Including the Tårnøerne islands in the Sea of Njord and the Værøerne Islands in the Tynic Sea Sjealand owns 215,351 registered islands, of which the largest is Hjaltland.

Sjealand has at several points included territory outside of its current domain including:

Sjealandic-Swastrian border near Östra Gränsstaden.

Sjealand covers 312,696 km2, but is one of the smaller nations of Nordania, however by territorial waters, exclusive economic zones and water area, it is the largest nation in Nordania.

Geology, topography and hydrography

Mainland Sjealand has a wide variety of topographical sets and natural landscapes. Large parts of current territory of Sjealand were raised as a result of Sjealands location close to the rift between the Nordanian and Tynic Plates. Several tectonic episodes like the Swastrian uplift in the Paleozoic Era served to create the Northern Plateau, Central Plateau, the Sydfjeldene, the Fjorddalene and Sølandet ranges and northern and the northern islands. These plateaus and mountains delineate several sedimentary basins especially around the many rivers of Sjealand like the Svasterelven and Kongeelven rivers, Kongeelven including several areas of particularly fertile ground such as the silt beds of Kongeelvsdalen and Adelslandet. Several valleys through the Syfjeldene mountains and Fjorddalene mountains serve as natural passage-ways through the mountain ranges. With the tallest being Kongstinden at 2318m.

Because of its location close to the rift in the Tynic Sea, several areas of Sjealand are classified as having seismic risks, though most of these remain moderate. However historically Sjealand has experienced moderate earthquakes, especially around the Sydfjeldene, which still houses active volcanoes, like Gudssmedjen and Helsbjerg. Sjealand has an extensive river system consisting of the four major rivers Kongeelven, the Nillaselven, the Sølandselven, the Götenselven and their tributaries, whose combined catchment includes over 64% of the the territory of mainland Sjealand. This has historically proved a boon as river-movement has been able across the country.

Climate

All of the low-lying areas in Sjealand are located in the humid continental (Dfb in the Köppen classification) zone and the oceanic climate (Cfb and Cfc in the Köppen classification) zone. While these are the general classifications there are variations. Such as a generally warmer climate in the Asgård region and the Tynic Sea coastline thanks to the warm water currents. Sjealand has a temperate climate, characterised by mild winters, with mean temperatures in January of -1.2 °C, and cool summers, with a mean temperature in August of 19.3 °C. The most extreme temperatures ever recorded in Sjealand have been 35.2 °C in Asgård 1982 and -39,7 °C in Stykkishólmur in 1949. Sjealand has an average of 185 days a year with precipitation, on average receiving a total of 784 millimetres per year; autumn is the wettest season and spring the driest. The position between a continent and an ocean means that weather often changes.

Thanks to the northern location, there are large variations in daylight depending on the season. During winter, the days are short with sunrise coming around 9:00 am and sunset 3:30 pm (standard time) as well as long summer days with sunrise at 4:15 am and sunset at 10:15 pm (daylight saving time).

Climate data for Sjealand, 2002–2015; precipitation 1961–1990; extremes since 1901
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
14.7
(58.5)
20.1
(68.2)
31.2
(88.2)
32.1
(89.8)
33.1
(91.6)
35.2
(95.4)
34.7
(94.5)
30.1
(86.2)
22.2
(72)
17.9
(64.2)
14.4
(57.9)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
3.2
(37.8)
4.5
(40.1)
11.7
(53.1)
17.4
(63.3)
20.0
(68)
22.1
(71.8)
23.4
(74.1)
17.2
(63)
13.7
(56.7)
5.3
(41.5)
3.2
(37.8)
22.1
(71.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.2
(28)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.9
(35.4)
7.1
(44.8)
11.3
(52.3)
12.5
(54.5)
17.4
(63.3)
16.9
(62.4)
12.7
(54.9)
7.8
(46)
4.1
(39.4)
0.5
(32.9)
17.4
(63.3)
Average low °C (°F) −4.1
(24.6)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
2.1
(35.8)
6.9
(44.4)
11.2
(52.2)
13.3
(55.9)
12.9
(55.2)
9.3
(48.7)
4.9
(40.8)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.9
(26.8)
6.0
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F) −25.9
(−14.6)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−13.0
(8.6)
−6.3
(20.7)
0.7
(33.3)
4.7
(40.5)
2.8
(37)
−4.4
(24.1)
−9.8
(14.4)
−16.6
(2.1)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−24.9
(−12.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 71
(2.8)
43
(1.69)
51
(2.01)
43
(1.69)
47
(1.85)
61
(2.4)
75
(2.95)
73
(2.87)
88
(3.46)
91
(3.58)
89
(3.5)
77
(3.03)
809
(31.83)
Avg. precipitation days 16 12 9 13 8 11 15 16 14 16 17 18 165
Mean monthly sunshine hours 47 70 163 211 238 253 232 200 167 100 46 33 1,758
Source #1: [1]
Source #2: [2]

Environment

Sjealand has long been at the forefront of enviromentalism, being one of the first countries to create an environment ministry, in 1970. Although it is one of the most industrialised countries in the world, Sjealand scores relatively well on carbon dioxide emissions, thanks to its investments in hydro, wind and solar-power, which now accounts for 81% of its electricity production and results in less pollution. The two biggest enviromental concerns for Sjealand are land and water pollution, although much of the country's household and industrial waste is now increasingly filtered and sometimes recycled. Sjealand performs worst in the areas of environmental effects of fisheries, this is due to the continually rapidly declining fish stocks because of centuries of mass fishing, a problem the national government is now attempting to curtail. Sjealand kills approximately 1,140 whales a year.

Forests account for 32% of Sjealands land area, and are some of the most diverse in Nordania, comprising over 100 species of trees. There are 7 terrestrial national parks, 6 marine national parks and 51 natural parks in Sjealand. Adding to this the government is planning on adding larger parts of its waters to Marine Protected Areas. Furthermore the local realms are empored to create local parks in the rural areas, if they are deemed exceptionally beautiful or enviromentally important. A power that however is surveyed by the national government to prohibit misuse. Several noble estates and protected estates have also had their hunting parks converted into public hunting parks, where the money paid for hunting goes to the preservation of the forested areas.

Politics

Government

Storkejser.jpg Brian Blessed 2012.jpg
Frederik VI
Archking
Erik Valmund
President of the Rigsdag

The Sjealandic realm is a Constitutional Monarchy with a representative parliamentary government based on the Asgård System. The Sjealandic parliament is called the Rigsdag and convenes in the Palace of the Rigsdag in Asgård, it has two houses the elected Folketing and the appointed Landsting. All bills passed are given Royal Assent before becoming law. The title of President of the Rigsdag is conferred to the Sjealandic head of government. The title represent the fact that the President of the Rigsdag actually only holds authority over the Rigsdag, and all authority over Sjealand is de jure handed to them by the monarch. However in practice the person functions as any other prime minister of a constitutional monarchy. The position as President of the Rigsdag is held by the individual who holds the majority of votes in the Folketing; this individual is typically the leader of a political party that other parties has agreed to enter into a coalition with or support, thus giving them a majority of seats in the parliament. In the rare cases that such an individual can not be found, the Monarch and the Crown Council (Rigsrådet) together choose one. The President of the Rigsdag then chooses a cabinet and its members are formally appointed by the monarch to form His Majesty's Government.

Rigsdagspalæet in Asgård.

The cabinet is traditionally drawn from the upper echelons of the Presidents Party as well as the heads of supporting parties. When the cabinet is fully formed it is proposed to the Landsting who take votes on each position, and are expected to not vote politically but instead from an analysis on the individuals history and competency presented by the Crown Council. Executive power is exercised by the President of the Rigsdag and cabinet, all swearing oaths of loyalty to the Monarch and being formally inducted into the Crown Council as observers and Ministers of the Majesty. The current President of the Rigsdag is Erik Valmund who was sworn in on the 7th of August 2018, suceededing Anne de Risbæk. Valmund heads the Union party, a center-right Sjealandic party focused on maintaining a strong central power. For elections to the Folketing, Sjealand is divided into 400 Electoral circles, each electing a representative to the Folketing. A further 91 seats are awarded to each party so the final number of seats in the Folketing fits the national percentage of votes a party recieved. These seats are awarded to the party, which can then hand out the seats at its own will, with most having a set list of who will recieve seats. General elections are called by the monarch when the president of the rigsdag so advises

The major Sjealandic parties are: Union a center-right party advocating for strong central government, De Radikale a center-left party primarily founded on social-democratic principles, Fremskridspartiet a left-wing party which primarily draws its votes from the workers, Føderalisterne a centrist party advocating for less central government and more regional government and Bondepartiet a right wing party that advocates for a classical liberal economy and less restrictions on the market. A further 3 minor parties also have seats in the Folketing: Venstre a right wing party akin to Bondepartiet but with more focus on keeping a welfare state, De Liberales Liga a right wing party primarily focused on libertarianism and Tårnøernes Parti a regionalist party which advocates for the rights of minorities, it draws its votes from Northern Sjealand. Currently Union forms a government with Bondepartiet, Venstre and Tårnøernes Parti.

Current seating arrangments in the Folketing

While the Folketing act as the legislative branch of the government, the Landsting acts as an advisory and higher body. Made up of Nobility, Mayors of Free Cities, Leaders of Reach Realm, experts on certain fields as well as representatives from each ethnic group the Landsting is not elected but appointed by the Monarch and the Crown Council, with each appointment being approved or denied by the Supreme Court before going through. Nobility serves for life, while the others serve either until their term run out in the case of elected officials or until their appointment is withdrawn by the Monarch, in all other cases. The landsting has 953 members, and when a bill is passed in the Folketing or a cabinet is formed the Landsting must approve by a simple majority. Furthermore the Landsting has the power to impose certain debates in the Folketing or request that certain issues be overseen by the Folketing. In addittion to their 15 votes in the Folketing, the Monarch also holds 30 votes in the Landsting.

Political division

Since unification Sjealand has been divided into Realms. The number has varied over the history, but today Sjealand is divided into 9 Realms, all of which answer directly to the national government.

Realms

The current Realms of Sjealand are, in decreasing order of population: Asgård, Vanaheim, Muspelheim, Midgård, Alfheim, Svartalfheim, Niflheim, Helheim and Jotunheim. The realms are governed Rigsting each with forty-one councillors elected for four-year terms. These councils are headed by High Commissioners (Højkommissærer) in Asgård, Vanaheim, Niflheim and Midgård, and by Viceroys (Vicekonger) in Muspelheim, Svartalfheim, Helheim, Jotunheim and Niflheim. The positions are functionally the same but remain with other names for the fact that the Viceroyalities historically had more prestige associated with them. The Realms are responsible the national health service, social services, educational facilities for ages above 15, immigrant integration, environmental planning, regional development and public transportation. The realms are empowered by the national government to levy a set amount of tax, which is determined individually for each realm every five years.

Areas and population vary wildly between the realms; for example, the largest realm Vanaheim, is two and a half times larger than Midgård, and the Realm of Asgård alone has just under third of of the Sjealandic population at 8,8 million people. The City of Asgård used to be its own seperate entity outside of the Realms, but was in the Reform of 2005 (Rigsreformen i 2005) annexed by the Asgård Realm, while Grønnedal remained the capital of the Realm.

Full Tynic name English name Capital Largest city
(populous)
Population
(January 2017)
AsgårdRigCOA.png Højkommissariatet Asgård High Commissariat of Asgård Grønnedal Asgård 8,807,404
Arms of Michael Middleton.svg Højkommissariatet Vanaheim High Commissariat of Vanaheim Skargas Holmegård 5,749,929
Arms of Mark Phillips.svg Højkommissariatet Midgård High Commissariat of Midgård Götensholm Götensholm 2,587,335
Coat of Arms of the Duke of Somerset.svg Vicekongedømmet Jotunheim Viceroyality of Jotunheim Tørnes Austevoll 888,889
Arms of Margaret Thatcher, The Baroness Thatcher (Variant).svg Højkommissariatet Niflheim High Commissariat of Niflheim Yngsvilla Yngsvilla 2,152,561
Arms of Sovereign Prince William I of Orange.svg Vicekongedømmet Muspelheim Viceroyality of Muspelheim Nillas Nillas 3,001,052
Arms of Oliver Cromwell.svg Vicekongedømmet Helheim Viceroyality of Helheim Varhaugr Varhaugr 1,423,151
Cavendish arms.svg Vicekongedømmet Alfheim Viceroyality of Alfheim Nordvakt Nordvakt 2,417,224
Coat of arms of the Duke of Manchester.svg Vicekongedømmet Svartalfheim Viceroyality of Svartalfheim Lusing Birka 2,217,224

Amter, Fylker, Län and Fjórðungur

All Sjealandic amter have simple coats of arms dating back to the city seals of ancient market towns.

The 9 realms of Sjealand are together subdivided into 391 second-level subdivisions. Per the 1983 National Reform these subdivisions vary their names in accordance to the majority population in their respective realms. In Asgård, Niflheim and Vanaheim they are called Amter, in Jotunheim, Alfheim and Helheim they are referred to as Fylker, and in Svartalfheim, Midgård and Muspelheim they are referred to as Län. Exceptions to this are found in Jotunheim and Alfheim, as in the majority Laugarán and Øic second-level subdivisions they are instead referred to as Fjórðungur because of the compromise of 1992. These areas function excactly the same and are referred to as Amter in any national legislation, but have the names varied in accordance to ethnic and linguistic differences.

The Amter are headed by an official titled as Elected Earl (Valgjarl, Valjarl, Kosningarjarl) and are appointed by the elected local government of each Amt, the number of seats varies from Amt to Amt with an average of 31 seats in each council. Their responsibilities include: Daycare facilities, primary levels of education (age 6-15), local facilities, local road maintenance and out-patient healthcare. At times however it is not uncommon for some munincipalities to cooperate on certain responsibilities to ensure better funded service, though these are uncommon.

Together with the Godsrherrer of the Trossogn the Amt also oversees certain local religious and secular festivals and traditions, such as Ægirsgilde, Winter Solstice and the Trials.

Free Cities

5 cities within Sjealand have grown to such a point that they are granted a semi-autonomous government, inbetween the Realm and in Amt in terms of responsibilities. These cities are called Købstæder and are Asgård, Holmegård, Miklagård, Hedeby and Birka. Because of their relative population and economic power these cities are granted autonomous control of the same authorities Amter recieve, as well as larger control with their own infrastructure, full control of non-university education as well as local ceremonial procedures in part recieving funding from the ministry of culture.

This was implemented thanks to the large economic prospects the cities provided and to not stifle their development, though this recieved severe backlash from the governments of the Realms, which saw it was removing important economic centres from their control, even though the Realms still have a degree of authority over the Free Cities. All free cities were granted the distinction in the Gilded Age during the time of large Sjealandic trade expansion, so to bolster their power in the Tynic Sea, as such the elected officials of the Free Cities still carry the title of Stadsfyrste (Prince of the City) and are permitted small ceremonial guards. To better govern the free cities the cities are subdivided into Herreder the only official third-level subdivision in Sjealand, though these Herreder in large part only serve as to lessen Bureaucratic strain on the central city government, and in actuality have very little autonomy.

Law

Foreign Relations

Headquartes of the Nordanian League.

Sjealand wields considerable influence in Nordania and is the Regional Power in western Nordania and in the Tynic Sea Region and is a middle power in international affairs. Sjealand is a founding member of the Nordanian League, with its headquarters being located in Sjealalands capital Asgård. As a result Sjealand wields a sufficient degree of influence on the diplomatic interactments between states. The founding of the Nordanian League was spurred on by the founding of another organisation, which Sjealand co-founded with Swastria, the Tynic Commission, which now governs economic and maritime affairs in the Tynic Sea. In 2015, Sjealand was described as being "the best networked state in the world", because it is a country that "is member of more multi-lateral organisations than any other country" by Aininian political scientist Clothilde Paulet.

Sjealand is a member of the Esquarian Community, the Nordanian Space Agency, the Tengkong System, The Organisation for Common Peacekeeping (OMPC), the Organisation of Voragic Ocean States and the West Nordanian Maritime Council. It is an associate member of the Borean Community, the Conitian Community and the Royal Pact. It is the leading member of the International Tynic Organisation (ITG), a collection of Tynic speaking states, minorities and groups from across Esquarium.

As a historically diplomatic-focuses state, Sjealand is a significant hub for international relations and host the largest assembly of diplomatic missions in Nordania and hosts the headquarters of the Nordanian League and the Tynic Commission.

Sjealands foreign policy has largely been shaped by a policy of Sjealand First, with the government actively seeking to better the country's international standing and own security. However after the War of the Njord the foreign policy has also been shaped by a desire to hold back Ambrose, in fear of a potential repeat of the conflict, with measures taken to secure Sjealand and its borders from Ambrosian aggression. Before the 1990´s Sjealand also sought to exclude Swastria from Northern Nordanian politics, primarily out of the ethnic troubles in the Swastrian region of Hvidland, a majority Tynic speaking region, in which violent seperatists were supported by the Sjealandic government. However after a cease-fire agreement in 1988 saw a strengthening of links between the countries, especially militarily, even as the Sjealandic government still seeks an arms-length relationship to Swastria.

Embassy of Ainin in Asgård.

Sjealand is a member of the Northern Sea Defense Organization, a military alliance composed of Sjealand, Jorland and Lothican, Vasturia and Vestmannaland. The goal of the alliance is to keep the common peace and security in the Sea of Njord and to promote common defence between the member countries. Through the alliance Sjealand is heavily involved in international aid and peacekeeping.

Sjealand retains very strong bilateral ties to the countries with which it traded between 1100-1900, maitaining strong political ties to Tuthina and the Union of Nautasian Islamic Republics especially thanks to their common economic and military cooperation in the past. Sjealand and Tuthina still maintain an official military alliance through the Tengkong System. Thanks to this Sjealand also enjoys favourable relations with Senria, which were strengthened thanks to official senrian support in the War of the Njord. In addition Sjealand has historically also enjoyed favourable relationships with the Aininian Republic, as the rivalry between the Kings of Ainin and Sjealand led to Sjealand actively supporting the rebels in the Aininian Revolution, and the two countries have not had any conflicts since then.

Military

Economy

Companies

Agriculture and fishing

Tourism

Energy

Transport

Science and technology

Demographics

Population

Language and ethnic groups

Peerage of Sjealand

The Peerage of Sjealand (Sjællands Adel) refers to the legal system in which certain individuals and families are elevated above the common population and blessed with certain rights and privilieges. Composed of several landed, unlanded, hereditary and non-hereditary noble ranks the Peerage of Sjealand governs the nobility. The peerage forms a central part of the Sjealandic Honours System and is a highly sought after by the majority of the population. As of 2016 the hereditary Sjealandic nobility consisted of 1268 noble families, of which the latest was elevated in 2013, with a total of 53,750 hereditary nobles. Of these families 114 are landed gentry and actually hold official titles of pieces of land, even though these are primarily ceremonial. Hundreds of other families own manors and country-houses in the country but are distincted in their naming, a landed Jarl would be titled as Erik de Villemoes, Earl of Bøgenlund while an unlanded Jarl would be titled as Erik de Villemoes, Earl in Bøgenlund. Traditionally landed gentry have the Lens- added to their title when non landed gentry is involved such as Lensbaron opposite Baron, this means Baron of the Realm as opposed to simply a Baron.

The landed nobility consist of the higher echelons of the Peerage, and are almost exclusively of the Ancient Nobility (Uradel), descended from feudal families from before the Gilded Age, as opposed to the Letter Nobility, who recieved their distinctions after the 1600's. The highest official noble rank in the Sjealandic Peerage is the title of Grand Duke, however this title is only ever conferred to immediate members of the royal family, and as such the highest noble title in actuality is the title of Duke (Hertug). All Sjealandic dukes are members of the landed gentry, with the remaining landed titles being divided up between Earls (Jarler), Princes (Fyrster) and {wp|Baron|Barons}} (Baroner), traditionally a landed Baron would rank higher than an unlanded Baron, but not higher than an unlanded Prince.

The peerage still plays an important role in Sjealandic society, as life-peerages are often granted to individuals and individuals families on basis of meritocracy.

Health

Education

Religion

Largest cities

 
Largest cities or towns in Sjealand
Statistics Sjealand
Rank Realm Pop. Rank Realm Pop.
Asgård
Asgård
Götensholm
Götensholm
1 Asgård Asgård 2,456,765.00 11 Skargas Helheim 85,783 Holmegård
Holmegård
Miklagård
Miklagård
2 Götensholm Midgård 1,591,348 12 Helsingstrup Helheim 85,349
3 Holmegård Holmegård 940,185 13 Grønnedal Alfheim 81,800
4 Miklagård Alfheim 658,289 14 Vordinge Svartalfheim 75,814
5 Nordvagt Vanaheim 510,741 15 Varhauger Niflheim 75,173
6 Frederikssted Vanaheim 430,791 16 Liniavik Muspelheim 71,349
7 Nikla Svartalfheim 160,157 17 Tørnæs Jotunheim 66,913
8 Skalsund Niflheim 130,850 18 Lusing Svartalfheim 56,492
9 Strüdköping Muspelhiem 105,054 19 Nillas Jotunheim 56,015
10 Bondø Helheim 89,438 20 Trelborg Muspelheim 55,920

Functional urban areas

Culture

Art

Architecture

Literature

Philosophy

Music

Cinema

Fashion

Media

Society

Cuisine

Sports

Human Rights

National Holidays

  1. "Climate Sjealand". Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  2. "Monthly & Yearly Statistics for Sjealand". Retrieved 19 June 2016.