Satucin

From IIWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Union of Satucin
Union des Satucins
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Vrai jusqu'à la fin
Anthem: Allons Armée Catholique
(Lyrics)
Capital
and largest city
Gatôn
Official languages Gaullican
Recognised national languages Geuche, Ngu
Ethnic groups White (48.7%)

Métissé (42.6%) Black (3.3%) Coian (0.8)

Native (4.6%)
Demonym Satucinais
Satucine
Government Federal constitutional monarchy
 -  Emperor Théodore I
 -  Prime Minister Martin Allaire
Legislature Sénat National
 -  Upper house Tribunal Royale
 -  Lower house Forum Populaire
History
 -  Colony Established 1539 
 -  Unification 1846 
 -  Monarchy Restored 2017 
Population
 -  2014 estimate 124,800,000
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total 2.2 trillion
 -  Per capita 17,514
Currency Satucinais Ducat (₫) (SND)
Date format dd-mm-yy
Drives on the right

Satucin, officially the Union of Satucin or more rarely the Union of the Satucins (Gaullican; Union des Satucins), is a sovereign country located in northern Asteria Inferior. Satucin is bordered by Zimte to her south. The population of the country are largely concentrated in urban centres in the northern coasts and islands, with it being more rural and sparsely populated further inland. It is a federal parliamentary monarchy with the capital in Gatôn, the country's largest city and main economic hub and cultural and commercial centre. It is defined by the constitution as a secular and democratic union, though Catholicism holds a special religious position, and in which power is derived from the people.

Satucin was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1539 of explorer Pierre Avenard, who claimed the area for the Gaullican Crown. Satucin remained a conglomeration of Gaullican colonies until 1846, when it was reconstituted and unified as a semi-independent dominion. Independence was achieved in 1935 with the creation of the Union of Satucin, a federal state governed under a semi-presidential system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1935 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the Senat. The country became a parliamentary republic in 1987 following a change in constitution. In 1989 an attempted coup by members of the military and leading Integralist political figures was thwarted, and after this martial law was removed and civilian governance resumed. Satucin's current constitution, changed in 2017 as a result of the referendum on restoring the former Gaullican monarchy, defines it as a constitutional federal monarchy. The union is composed of the capital region and the 11 provinces.

Satucin's economy is the world's seventh-largest by both nominal GDP and GDP (PPP) as of 2016. A member of the BHIGS group, Satucin has one of the world's fastest growing major economies, with recent economic and political reforms giving the country new international recognition and influence. Satucin's national development bank and the Asterian Development Bank play an important role for the country's economic growth. Satucin is a founding member of the Community of Nations, BHIGS, the Asterian Development Council, and the Gaullophonie. Satucin is a regional power in Asteria Inferior and a middle power in international affairs, with some analysts identifying it as a potential emerging global power. One of the world's major breadbaskets, Satucin has been a large producer of coffee for the last 150 years.

Etymology

History

Colonisation and unification of Satucin from 1549 to 1946

Pre-Avenard era

Some of the earliest human remains found in the Asterias, Lusie Woman, were found in the area of Médeyre, Anniane and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery ever found in the Eastern Hemisphere was excavated in the Sythes basin of Satucin and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago (6000 BC). The pottery was found near Senkinen and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture.

Around the time of the Gaullican arrival, the territory of current day Satucin had an estimated indigenous population of 9 million people, mostly semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing, gathering, and migrant agriculture. The indigenous population of Satucin comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups (e.g. the Ngu, Libiy-Wazi, Aurama and Quysqua). The Libiy-Wazi people were subdivided into the Libiy and Wazi, and there were also many subdivisions of the other groups. Archaeological evidence, along with oral history, suggests that the Ngu had developed a complex seafaring civilisation around 400 AD, though the reasons behind its collapse by the 14th century are still disputed.

Before the arrival of the Eucleans, the boundaries between these groups and their subgroups were marked by wars that arose from differences in culture, language and moral beliefs. These wars also involved large-scale military actions on land and water, with some groups practicing cannibalistic rituals on prisoners of war. While heredity had some weight, leadership status was more subdued over time, than allocated in succession ceremonies and conventions, while the Ngu delegated leadership to the remnants of a priestly caste. Slavery among the Indigineous had a different meaning than it had for Eucleans, since it originated from a diverse socio-economic organization, in which asymmetries were translated into kinship relations.

Gaullican colonisation

Representation of the landing of Pierre Avenard in Anneville, 1539.

The land now called Satucin was claimed for the Gaullican Empire on 24 June 1539, with the arrival of the Gaullican fleet commanded by Pierre Avenard. The Gaullicans encountered indigenous peoples divided into several tribes, most of whom spoke languages of the Ngu family, and fought among themselves. Though the first settlement was founded in 1539, colonization effectively began in 1541, when King Francois I of Gaullica divided the territory into the six Viceroyalties of Satucin.

However, the decentralized, antagonistic and unorganized tendencies of the various viceroyalties proved problematic, and in 1552 the Gaullican king restructured them into the Viceroyalty General of Satucin, a single and centralized Gaullican colony in Asteria Inferior. This would later be reversed by his successor, King Louis IV in 1583, though the Viceroy-General would remain a position, albeit powerless and centred in Gaullica, until 1846. In the first two centuries of colonisation, most Indigenous and Euclean groups lived in constant war, establishing opportunistic alliances in order to gain advantages against each other. An exception to this was the remarkable alliance between most of the Ngu tribes and cities with the Gaullican colonisers, with the Ngu's willingness to convert to Solarian Catholicism, share land and mix with the colonials affording them a protected status by the monarchy. By the mid-16th century, cane sugar had become Satucin's most important exportation product, and slaves purchased in Bahia, in the slave market of Eastern Bahia, had become its largest import, to cope with plantations of sugarcane, due to increasing international demand for Satucinais sugar.

Painting showing the arrest of Grandjean; he was sentenced to death for his involvement in the republican uprising in Colonial Satucin.

By the end of the 17th century, sugarcane exports began to decline, and the discovery of gold by drapeauntes in the 1690s would become the new backbone of the colony's economy, fostering a Satucinais Gold Rush which attracted thousands of new settlers to Satucin from Gaullica and all Gaullican colonies around the world. This increased level of immigration in turn caused some conflicts between newcomers and old settlers, and saw the decline of the Ngu identity.

Gaullican expeditions known as drapeuntes gradually advanced the Gaullican colonial original frontiers in Asteria Inferior to approximately the current Satucinais borders. In this era few other Euclean powers tried to colonise parts of Satucin, though skirmishes between neighbouring Zimte occurred due to tensions over land disputes and missionaries.

The Gaullican colonial administration in Satucin had two objectives that would ensure colonial order and the monopoly of Gaullica's wealthiest and largest colony: to keep under control and eradicate all forms of slave rebellion and resistance, and to repress all movements for autonomy or independence, such as the Satau Movement.

Unification

Satucin was deeply affected by the late 18th century revolutions which gripped Euclea. The Satau Movement, a conspiracy involving leading Gaullo-Satucinais republicans, declared a revolt in 1821 and took over the city of Satau and surrounding areas for two months, defeating several Gaullican garrisons sent to put them down, before various militias from neighbouring cities, mainly composed of veterans who had served in the Gaullican army, arrived and put down the rebellion, executing the leaders and purging the city of those deemed sympathisers. As a result of this the Gaullican monarchy rescinded previous restrictions on gun ownership, and began organising the various militias into the Royal Army of the Satucins.

The growing desire for home rule resulted in the abortive Rebellions of 1845. The Guilam Report subsequently recommended home rule and the unification of the various viceroyalties.The Act of Union merged the Satucins into a united Dominion of Satucin and home rule was established for near all provinces of Satucin by 1846. The signing of the Pasau Treaty by Gaullica and the Satucin in 1846 removed Parane and the Emerald Isles from consideration of unification with Satucin, and cemented them as Gaullican colonies. This would not change until 1935, when plebiscites on the islands saw them vote to unite with Satucin.

Great War

Group of armed soldiers marching past a wrecked tank and a body
Satucin soldiers and a Mark II Masson tank in the Mariranan Conflict in 1931

The rise of National Functionalism in Gaullica coincided with the rise of Integralist groups in Satucin, the most prominent of which was led by Henri Masson. Though initially a cooperativist movement, Masson's trip to Gaullica in 1920 and meeting with Duclerque led him to greatly reform the Integralist movement and bring it into line with its continental counterpart. At this time correspondence between Albert III and his allies in Satucin led him to the understanding that there was little sentiment, either elite or public, for independence, along with his own doubts of Satucin's ability to economically sustain itself, which led to his exclusion of Satucin from the Imperial Decree giving Senouillac independence shortly before his exile. Masson was made Prime Minister of Satucin in 1921, and quickly began reforming the country in line with Gaullican standards and his Integralist vision.

Because Gaullica still maintained control of Satucin's foreign affairs under the Unification Act, its declaration of war in 1926 automatically brought Satucin into the Great War. The Royal Army of Satucin was virtually independent when it came to the Asterian Fronts, but units deployed to Gaullica found themselves subsumed into the Gaullican army. As well as this Satucin also sent many volunteer units and militias to Gaullica. These volunteers sent to Gaullica, particularly Bahia and the Eastern Front, later became part of the Satucinais Corps, which played a substantial role in many key battles and other major engagements of the war. Out of approximately 1,425,000 Satucinais who served in the Great War, some 240,000 were killed and another 272,000 were wounded.

The first Satucinais Army units arrived in Gaullica in November 1926. In all, over half a million Satucinais served in the Gaullican armed forces during the Great War and approximately 42,000 were killed and another 55,000 were wounded outside of Asteria. Satucinais troops played important roles in many key battles of the Asterian war, including the Mariranan Conflict, the failed invasion of the Eastern Federation, the Zimte Skirmishes, and the Battle of Arac in 1934. Satucin provided asylum for part of the Gaullican monarchy when it surrendered in 1935. The Satucinais economy boomed during the war as its industries manufactured military materiel for Gaullica, Marirana, Ostrozka, and Amathia. Despite being upon the losing side in 1935, Satucin finished the war with a large army, strong economy and potential for independence.

Modern period

Geography

Topographical map of Satucin.

Politics

Government

Foreign Relations and Military

Administrative Divisions

Demographics

Population density of Satucinais municipalities.

The population of Satucin, as recorded by the 2016 ISD, was approximately 125 million. The population is heavily concentrated in the Northwestern and Northeastern regions, while the south tends to be sparsely populated.

The first census in Satucin was carried out in 1863 and recorded a population of 9,930,478. From 1880 to 1930, 4 million Eucleans arrived, largely from Gaullica though some came from Werania, Estmere, Glytter and Althira. Satucin's population increased significantly between 1940 and 1970, because of a decline in the mortality rate, even though the birth rate remained stable, nearing decline. In the 1940s the annual population growth rate was 2.4%, rising to 3.0% in the 1950s and remaining at 2.9% in the 1960s, as life expectancy rose from 48 to 62 years and to 74.6 years in 2007. It has steadily fallen since the 1960s, from 3.04% per year between 1950 and 1960 to 1.05% in 2008 and is expected to fall to around 0.51% by 2050.

In 2008, the illiteracy rate was 4.48% and among the youth (ages 15–19) 0.74%. It was highest (10.30%) in the Southeast, which had a large proportion of rural poor. Illiteracy was high (6.18%) among the rural population and lower (1.05%) among the urban population.

Ethnic Groups

Museum of Immigration of Satau in the neighborhood of Cherise, in Port Royal.

According to the Satucin Institute of Demographics (ISD) of 2008, 48.7% of the population described themselves as White; 42.6% as Metisse, 3.3% as Black; 0.8% as Coian; and 4.6% as Native Asterian (officially called Indigène, Indigenous).

In 2007, the National Indigenous Foundation estimated that Satucin has 131 different uncontacted tribes, up from their estimate of 40 in 2005. Satucin is believed to have the largest number of uncontacted peoples in the world.

Since the arrival of the Gaullicans in 1500, considerable miscegenation between Indigenous Asterians and Eucleans has taken place in most regions of the country (with Euclean ancestry being dominant nationwide according to the vast majority of all autosomal studies undertaken covering the entire population, accounting for between 75% to 87%).

Race and ethnicity in Satucin

  White (48.7%)
  Metisse (42.6%)
  Black (3.3%)
  Coian (0.8%)
  Indigène (4.6%)

Languages

Religion

Religion in Satucin (2015 Census)
Religion Percent
Solarian Catholicism
  
73.3%
Amendism
  
18.4%
Christian Other
  
4.1%
No religion
  
1.3%
Spiritual
  
1.4%
Others
  
1.5%

Religion in Satucin was formed from the meeting of the Catholic Church with the religious traditions of enslaved Bahian peoples and indigenous peoples. This confluence of faiths during the Gaullican colonization of Satucin led to the development of a diverse array of syncretistic practices within the overarching umbrella of Satucinais Catholic Church, characterised by traditional Gaullican festivities. Increased attention from the Catholic Church and Gaullican monarchy brought an increasing uniformity of doctrine and belief to the Satucinais Catholic Church in the 18th and 19th centuries. Religious pluralism increased during the 20th century, and the Amendist community has grown to include over 18% of the population. The most common Protestant denomination is the Reformed Church, whose adherents are commonly known as Videteurs, which arrived in the early 17th century. Other Protestant branches with a notable presence in the country include the Sixth-day Convergers, Bahrans and the New Reformed tradition.

Solarian Catholicism is the country's predominant faith. Satucin has the world's largest Catholic population at around 91 million. According to the 2000 Demographic Census (the ISD survey does not inquire about religion), 82.65% of the population followed Solarian Catholicism; 17.41% Protestantism; 1.33% Spiritual beliefs; 1.22% other Christian denominations; 0.31% Baho-Satucinais religions; 0.02% Atudaism; 0.18% Salam; 0.01% Native religions; 0.59% other religions, undeclared or undetermined; while 1.3% have no religion.

However, in the last ten years Amendism, particularly Videteurism and Convergism, has spread in Satucin, while the proportion of Catholics has dropped significantly. The cities of Bonhavre, Saque, and Maleux have the greatest proportion of Amendist residents in Satucin. Satau, Saint-Chloe, and Pasau were the most Solarian Catholic in the country.

Urbanisation

Infrastructure

Education

Healthcare

Transport

Media and communication

Economy

Components and energy

Tourism

Culture