Ruttland

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Free State of Ruttland
Frijsteat fan Ruttlân

Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Ferienigde yn Justysje en Frijheid
United in Justice and Freedom
Anthem: God Ferdigenje Ruttlând
God Defend Ruttland

MediaPlayer.png
Ruttland (dark green) in Euclea (light green and light grey) and in the Euclean Community (light green).
Capital
and largest city
Arnwert
Official languages Ruttish
Demonym Ruttish
Government Unitary parliamentary elective monarchy
 -  Steedhâlder Annigjen
 -  Prime Minister Rienhold Van Der Hoek (MS)
 -  Deputy Prime Minister Edzerd Hylkema (KÖP)
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Hearskammer
 -  Lower house Folkskammer
Establishment
 -  Independence from Vredlandia 1864 
Population
 -  2012 estimate 10,792,847
GDP (PPP) estimate
 -  Total $477,376 million
 -  Per capita $44,231
GDP (nominal) estimate
 -  Total $453,783 million
 -  Per capita $42,045
Gini28.0
low
HDI 0.937
very high
Currency Euclo (EUC (€)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +19
Internet TLD .ru

The Free State of Ruttland (Ruttish: Frijsteat fan Ruttlân) is a country in Euclea, bordered by Vredlandia to the west and Werania to the northeast with a maritime border to Norday in the north. It has a population of 10,792,800 and its capital is Arnwert.

Ruttland was the home of various city states and Germanic tribes in its early history. Around the 1st centuary AD the region was conquered by the Ruttish people who created Magna Ruttland, a kingdom that collapsed in 1125 splitting into the Duchy of Ostbrant, the Duchy of Kaldwald and the Duchy of Fortuin. In 1299 the duchy of Kaldwald conquered the Duchy of Ostbrant creating the Grand Duchy of Ruttland, an absolute monarchy. A revolt by the Duchy of Ostbrant led to the creation of the Confederation of Ruttland, a confederal elective monarchy centred around its two provinces. Ruttland became a centre of mercantile trading abolishing feudalism in 1586 and beginning to develop a proto-capitalist economy as well as professing Puritan religious ideals under the influence of Protestant reformer Roetert Krol.

In 1637 Steedhâlder Wolfert annexed the province of Fortuin-Gofkecht from Vredlandia in the pinnacle of the "golden age" of Ruttland. Fiscal mismanagement, governmental instability and Ruttland's participation in the Pereramonic Wars meant that in 1727 Ruttland was placed in a personal union with Vredlandia as a junior partner. Following Vredlandia's shift to the Reform Church Ruttland became an independent parliamentary constitutional kingdom after the Ruttish Revolution in 1864 under King Rudolf I. Following independence Ruttland became one of the first countries to undergo an industrial revolution as well as acquire a colonial empire with colonies and concessions in Coius.

During the 1920's the Ruttish monarchy asserted itself and in 1924 during the August Crisis King Fedderik saw thre overthrow of the democratically elected government and the installation of a Functionalist regime based on the Gaullican model. Ruttland joined the Entente during the Great War. Following the great war Ruttland underwent great unrest leading to the creation of the Ruttish Socialist Republic in 1935 which collapsed in 1937 with a provisional government being formed to take its place. The nation was politically unstable until 1940 when the National Consolidation Party took power, ruling the country for over 50 years until 1995. Under the NKP Ruttland became a social market economy with one of the world's highest living standards. The NKP lost power in 1995 with Ruttland since undergoing an economic crisis.

Ruttland is a liberal democracy, and has a mixed market economy based around heavy industry and agriculture. It also has a welfare state with subsidised healthcare and education. It is a member of the Community of Nations, EC, GIFA, NAC and the ITO.

History

Prehistory

  • Stone age - a neanderthal fossil found in country
  • Iron age, bronze age
  • Bunch of Germanic tribes
  • notFrisians arrive to fuck shit up and settle

Early history

  • Magna Ruttland - independent unified Ruttland that existed from ~500AD - 1125 AD
  • Crisis of succession in 789 leading to the breakup of the kingdom
  • Three duchies form - Duchy of Fortuin, Kaldwald and Ostbrant
  • Pretty much constant fighting
  • Feudalism starts.
  • Kaldwald most powerful
  • Fortuin annexed by vredlandian state
  • Ostbrant conquered by Kaldwald creating Grand Duchy.
  • Civil war sees confederation created in 1467.

Middle Ages

  • Early confederation sees centralisation of steedhâlder's power.
  • De facto end of serfdom in 1514 with the Land Ordinance Act.
  • Nobles Revolt of 1536 - steedhâlder Joekje II forced to sign the Accord of Westlân officially reducing the power of the steedhâlder and creating a grand pensionary to oversee the confederations fiscal affairs.

Golden Age and decline

  • 1550-1650 - Golden Age of Ruttland
    • Expansion of mercantile republic
    • Adoption of proto-capitalism
    • Colonies in the new world
    • Conquest of Fortuin-Gofkect from Vredlandia
    • Conversion to Puritanism; puritan purges
  • Decline of confederation, increasing vassalisation to Vredlandia.
  • Sides with florena in the Pereramonic Wars, loses, grand pensionary ousts steedhâlder and forms personal union with Vredlandia.

Union with Vredlandia

  • Industrialisation.
  • Counter-reformation - puritanism repressed, Catholicism reasserted
  • National movement - great romantic poets and artists.
  • Independence in 1864.

Imperial era

  • Kingdom declared. Very Catholic, pro-Gaul
  • Parliamentary democracy, increasing democratisation.
  • Stock market crash in 1915, general strike in 1917.

Great War

  • Creation of fascist regime under the Functionalist Fatherland Front.
  • Great War - sides with Gaullica.
  • Loses, socialist revolution.
  • Socialists split, conservative government takes over.
  • Steedhâlder restored.

Post-war history

Following the creation of the Free State and the restoration of the Schwarzollen-Brücken dynasty to power, elections were held in 1940 with the National Consolidation Party (Nasjonale Konsolidaasjepartij; NKP) - a merger of anti-socialist parties - winning a majority in parliament under the leadership of Wudmer Van Tuinen. The NKP's victory was attributed to the pillarised socio-political system that had emerged following the war. The NKP would come to dominate Ruttish politics for the next 50 years.

The NKP government created a social market economy that saw Ruttland's economy strongly rebound, allowing the government the ability to reconstruct the nation which had been devastated by the war and subsequent instability. Rations were gradually scaled back with the last rations (on housing) being repealed in 1952 as the government created a large welfare state. A post-war boom meant that the loss of income from the war and decolonisation was offset as the country entered its longest period of economic growth in its entire history. The new economy was based on industry emphasising an internationally competitive manufacturing sector of primarily large corporations and strong protections for Ruttish workers'.

In 1948 Ruttland was one of the seven founding members of the Euclean Community. The countries strong economic growth meant that during the 1950's and early 1960's there was strong social stability in Ruttland whilst labour shortages meant the government actively encouraged immigration from Etruria and Florena at first and later from Negara and Akalia, making Ruttland a multicultural country.

In 1967 student protests over the government's controversial control of the university curriculum led to an escalation by police forces culminating in a general strike by the largest trade union, the Amalgamated Federation of Trade Unions over general dissatisfaction over the government. The 1967 protests resulted in the temporary standstill of the Ruttish economy and the resignation of the entire cabinet of Buke Wagenaar with a snap election being held which saw the NKP only narrowly winning re-election. Stagflation and economic slowdown in the 1970's led to more social unrest as depillarisation became a potent force within larger society.

From 1977-1989 under the government of Ludolf Attema the government implemented liberal economic reforms that saw the economy return to growth but social divisions become more stark. The government implemented a programme of tax cuts, financial deregulation and housing market reform that led to increased economic growth (the Polder Tiger). However in 1995 due to long running corruption issues and growing inter-factional splits the NKP lost re-election, ending 50 years of their rule with a coalition of the Cooperative Party and the Modern Centre Party who enacted several progressive social and economic reforms such as a cap of public borrowing and legalising several soft drugs.

In 2005 under a NKP government the economy entered its worst recession since the war with the banking and housing systems collapsing. The government subsequently entered a bailout agreement with the EC leading to an austerity plan to be implemented, which was met with public protests. Ruttland officially exited the bailout programme in 2013 and recorded a budget surplus in 2018, 13 years after the initial crisis.

Government and Politics

Ruttland has since 1940 been a unitary parliamentary elective constitutional monarchy with an independent judiciary, a bicameral legislature known as the Parliament (with an upper house known as the Lord's Chamber and a lower house known as the People's Chamber) and an executive known as the Cabinet. The head of state is the Steedhâlder, a republican executive that is officially elected by the Hearskammer amongst fellow nobles to serve a life term, but in practice acts as a ceremonial hereditary monarch. Since 1935 the position of Steedhâlder has been held by the House of Schwarzollen-Brücken. The head of government is the Prime Minister of Ruttland who heads the cabinet. Parliament has 75 members of the upper house and 200 in the lower house with the prime minister and cabinet governing with the confidence of the chamber. In practice the People's Chamber is the more powerful house. Ruttland is known internationally for its socially liberal attitudes, including on the issues of prostitution, drug use and LGBT rights.

Ruttland's political culture is largely based on sectarian lines, reflecting its pillarised society. The Sotirian democratic National Consolidation Party (Nasjonale Konsolidaasjepartij; NKP) is primarily supported by the Catholic community whilst the liberal conservative Modern Centre Party (Moderne Sintrumpartij; MS) have support from the Reform Church community. The social democratic Cooperative Party (Koöperativepartij; KÖP) traditionally courts most of its support from the secular working class, but more generally also includes left-wing sections of the urban middle class. The "unaligned" pillar, traditionally associated with liberalism, is currently represented by the Party of Freedom and Progress (Partij fan Freiheit en Progres; PFP) which supports social liberalism.

Since 2007 Ruttland has been ruled by a purple coalition of the MS and KÖP with the prime minister Rienhold Van Der Hoek being from the MS and deputy Prime Minister Edzerd Hylkema from the KÖP. The current Steedhâlder, Annigjen I, has reigned as Steedhâlder since 1975 following the death of her father Steedhâlder Rudolf XII.

Government

The executive government of Ruttland is the cabinet (Kabinet), which has 15 ministers including the Prime Minister (Minister-Presidint). The Prime Minister is officially a primus inter pares acting more as the chairman of the government rather than head of government. Traditionally, executive decisions in Ruttland are driven by consensus in the so-called "polder model". The cabinet relies on the confidence of the Royal Legislative Chamber in order to govern. Since 1987 all cabinets in Ruttland have been multi-party, giving Ruttland a tradition of coalition governments.

The current government is based on a "purple government between liberal conservative and socialist parties (so named because the former uses blue as its colour, the latter red) which has since ascending to power pursued a policy of austerity, cutting the number of ministries from 20 to 14.

Legislature

Ruttland's legislature is known as the Parliament (Parlemint) with an upper house known as the Hearskammer (Lord's Chamber) and a lower house known as the Folkskammer (People's Chamber). The Hearskammer is an entirely appointed chamber whose 75 members are either those who hold 10 heredity seats, 10 appointed by the Archdiocese of Ostbrant, 10 appointed as life peers by the monarch, and 45 elected by county councils to eight year terms. The Hearskammer's most important role is to elect the Steedhâlder upon the death of their predecessor. The directly elected Folkskammer contains 200 members elected via party-list proportional representation and has a maximum parliamentary term of 4 years. Seat allocation being formulated via the d'Hondt method with there being a 4% electoral threshold to enter the Folkskammer, which was lowered from 10% in 1989. The People's Chamber officially lends support for the government, but since 1989 it can only dissolve the government it can swear in another government to fill out the previous one's term - if this is not possible the Steedhâlder can appoint a caretaker cabinet to serve the rest of the Folkskrammer's term.

There are six parties currently sitting in the Folkskammer. The governing parties are the Modern Centre Party, a centre-right liberal conservative party with 60 seats and the Cooperative Party, a social democratic party that is more centrist than most left-wing parties - it currently has 46 seats. The main opposition party is the National Consolidation Party, a conservative party with 49 seats. Other parties include the eco-socialist anti-austerity Green-Left Party (Grienpartij) with 22 seats, the liberal Party of Freedom and Progress (Partij fan Freiheit en Progres) with 13 seats and the right-wing populist Democratic Alternative (Demokratyske Alternatyf) with 10 seats.

Counties

Ruttland is divided into 12 counties (kroan lannen; literally translated as crown lands) based on the same borders as the original 12 counties of Ruttland and one free city (frije stêd). 12 of the counties are officially led by a hearkommissar (lord commissar) who are appointed by the monarch, whilst the free city of Arnwert is governed by a Lord Mayor (Hear Boargemaster). Since the 1900's hearkommissar's govern with the confidence of directly elected county councils (kroan lokaal). As with the Folkskrammer local government's cannot be dismissed unless county councils can propose an alternative government; if no alternate government is produced the Ministry of Regional Development can appoint a caretaker cabinet to serve out the reminder of the council's term.

Map Name and shield Administrative centre Population
     Kaldwald      Ostbrant      Fortuin-Gofkecht

County (kroan lannen)
Winterswijk origineel wapen.svg Kâldwâld Rothôff 1,344,734
Coat of arms of Veere.svg Westlân Omhoven 968,743
Súdwest Fryslân voormalig wapen.svg Prinsryk Joustran 822,584
Helmond wapen.svg Hjerstven Geudvel 1,279,435
Heerlen wapen.svg Súdgrins Gofkecht 846,357
Terschelling wapen.svg Djeswasser Fremkant 548,366
Opsterland wapen.svg Moordet Grutlike 341,659
Menaldumadeel wapen 1818.svg Tsjustam Andrijen 475,863
Zeeland provinciewapen oud.svg Kustean Wallojik 798,524
Coat of arms of Noord-Beveland.svg Poarstêd Buckren 845,896
Groningen provinciewapen oud.svg Noardken Opebôge 542,875
Coat of arms of Dinkelland.svg Wiweidarch Helling 854,203
Coat of arms of Halderberge.svg Arnwert Arnwert 1,123,608

Armed forces and intelligence

Ruttish soldiers conducting a training exercise in 2016
The Ruttish Armed Forces served as the national defence force of Ruttland, being split between the army, navy, air force and the Military Constabulary of Ruttland, a gendarmerie force. The Steedhâlder serves as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces whilst the Cabinet via the Ministry of Defence oversees the chiefs-of-staff and manages the army as a whole. As of 2017, there are 24,353 active soldiers and 20,000 in reserve with Ruttland spending 1.07% of GDP on defence and the minimum age of recruitment being 18.

Ruttland's neutral foreign policy since the end of the Great War has meant its military has been substantially scaled down. The Ruttish constitution defines Ruttish security protocols as being based on the principle of collective security with the army being tasked with protecting the people of Ruttland and ensuring peace in Euclea. Conscription for all adult males was previously in force until 1980 when it was abolished, with the armed forces being a fully professional army since.

The main intelligence service of Ruttland is the General Intelligence Organisation (Algemiene Yntelliginsjeorganisaasje; AYO) which falls under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs. AYO handled both domestic and foreign intelligence operations, with the two function being merged in 1973. The Military Intelligence Organisation (Militêre Yntelliginsjeorganisaasje; MYO) handles military intelligence matters being under the authority of the Ministry of Defence.

Foreign relations

Prime Minister Rusker Wijngaarden meeting Gaullican President Alexandre Lévesque in 2008.

Ruttland's foreign policy is determined by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs currently headed by Edzerd Hylkema. Since the Great War the Ruttish constitution has defined Ruttland as being a neutral state which is committed to collective security, international development and co-prosperity. Since 1960 the Ruttish constitution defines the country as an "integral member" of the Euclean Community. Ruttland is also a member of the Community of Nations, Non-Aligned Council, International Trade Organisation and Global Institute for Fiscal Affairs.

Ruttland has been traditionally noted for its relations with Vredlandia and Gaullica. Traditionally there has been a degree of cultural and political links with Vredlandia with Ruttland maintaining positive relations with Vredlandia during the 1400's up until the annexation of Fortuin-Gofkecht under Steedhâlder Wolfert in 1648. The annexation of Ruttland by Vredlandia was at the height of pro-Vredlandin sentiment amongst Ruttish elites - however following the move by Vredland to move from Solarian Catholicism to Vredlandian Reform Church popular opinion of Vredlandia dramatically diminished ultimately leading to the 1864 Ruttish revolt. During much of the 20th century Ruttland's relations were frosty with Vredlandia especially during the Years of Lead wherein Ruttland was accused of discrimination towards Vredlandian communities. However since the 1990's Ruttland has increased its ties with Vredlandia allowing members of the Reformed Church living in Ruttland to vote for the Vredlandian Reform Holy Father since 1986.

Since independence Ruttland has enjoyed cordial ties with Gaullica which backed Ruttish independence in 1864. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries Ruttland was seen as possessing a "special relationship" with Gaullica with the latter aiding Ruttland in the construction of the Ruttish colonial empire. Ruttland joined the Entente during the Great War out of loyalty to Gaullica and during the 1950's joined the Euclean Community with the backing of Gaullica. Since then there has been close cultural, economic and political ties between Gaullica and Ruttland.

Ruttland has traditionally been seen as more supportive of the EC as a free trade organisation being sceptical of greater integration. However under the purple governments of Loadewyk Damstra, Rusker Wijngaarden and Rienhold Van Der Hoek Ruttland has become more identified as a pro-EC nation with the Wijngaarden government in particular pushing for a unified EC defence and foreign policy.

Geography

Biodiversity

Climate

Economy

Ruttland possesses a social market economy with deregulation, low trade barriers and an extensive welfare state. As of 2015 Ruttland has a nominal GDP of $453.783 billion with $42,045 per capita, with a high HDI rating of 0.937. Ruttland uses the Euclo as the national currency since a referendum in 2002. Ruttland's biggest industries are based around steel, agriculture, transportation, telecommunication services and tourism. The primary agricultural exports in Ruttland are maize, sunflowers, barley, sugar beets and wheat. Ruttish companies also facilitate the building and maintenance of ship yards and railroads.

During the 1940's the Ruttish government managed the economy through Keynesian means, with a strong focus on manufacturing leading Ruttland into quadrupling its economic growth between 1930-1964. During the 1980's the economy was deregulated with most state run industries privatised, with free trade and deregulation being championed. The government cut corporation tax to 11.3% leading to many companies to move to Ruttland; investment in science and technology increased substantially as the government sought to make Ruttland into a tech hub. Ruttland had a real estate bubble that existed from 1994 (when the capital gains tax was cut from 42.5% to 18.6%) to 2005 when the bubble collapsed leading to Ruttland to enter recession - the economy remained in recession until 2012 when growth returned.

Agriculture

Banking

Currency

Industry

Services

Energy

Transportation

Demographics

Education

Ethnic groups

Healthcare

Ruttland, alongside the majority of the developed countries, maintains a two-tier system of universal healthcare, divided between a single-payer system centred around the Health Assistance Programme (Sûnenssoarchprogramma; SSP) and a private sector. Created in 1962, the SSP directly manages healthcare personnel and resources in Ruttland and funded through general taxation. All citizens and legal (taxpaying) residents apply for a SSP card which entitles them to access to SSP services, meaning those who do not possess SSP cards cannot use SSP services. A smaller private sector within the healthcare industry exists for those who wish to pay for private services. Private health providers are arranged around insurance schemes, which pay for healthcare providers either within the existing SSP infrastructure or private hospitals. The SSP only does partial coverage of dental and optic services. Alternative medicine is also available in Ruttland.

Prior to 1962, healthcare was distributed through entirely private means, mainly through private hospitals, religious groups and charities. In 1960 the government aimed in their program to provide healthcare for all, nationalising private hospitals and creating the SSP through the Health Assistance Act, 1962. Since then successive governments have expanded on the program, which has been credited with eliminating various diseases in Rainier. Since the 1990's more private investment in the SSP has been introduced, although moves to privatise the SSP are considered to be widely unpopular.

Life expectancy in Ruttland is high, with women on average living for 83.8 years and men 78.4, ranking overall at around 81.1. Cancer and obesity are considered the mot pressing issues in relations to Ruttish health, with the government heavily advocating weight loss camps. Since the mid-1980's, smoking has been on the decline in Ruttland.

Language

Largest cities

Religion

Religious composition of Ruttland

  Reformed (20.6%)
  Irreligious (19.8%)
  Protestants (15.5%)
  Salemic (3.2%)
  Atudaists (2.7%)
  Other (3.8%)

Culture

Art

Cuisine

Film

Literature

Music

Society

Sports

Television

Holidays