Riro

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People's Republic of Riro
Риро Имингука (Namorese)

Flag Coat of Arms
Map of Riro
Map of Riro
CapitalJunof
Largest city Lizo
Official languages Namorese
Ethnic groups Namorese
Religion Txoist
Demonym Riroese
Government Dominant-party system
 -  President Ling Mon (L)
 -  Vice President Yun Shunzang (L)
Independence (from Katranjiev)
 -  Condominium 1369 
 -  Katranjian control May 19, 1954 
 -  Independence (for Maritsa, Iztokov, Katran and Valariev) April 30, 2014 
Population
 -  2015 census 3,341,527
GDP (PPP) estimate
 -  Total $146,599,780,500
 -  Per capita $25,000
Gini (2012)29.7
low
HDI 0.913
very high
Currency Ramon (Zalot unofficially used, expected to be fully abandoned by 2024) (P)
Date format mm-dd-yyyy

Riro (Namorese: Pиро, Riro) is a small and landlocked sovereign state in the continent of Velkia. It is sandwiched between Namor to the east and Katranjiev to the west.

Due to its geographical position, the region of Riro played an important role in shaping relations between successive Namorese dynasties and Katranjiev, with both ethnic Namorese and Katranjians settling the area. In 1369, Namor and Katranjiev agreed to jointly rule the area, making it Esquarium's earliest condominium. Although the condominium lasted for several centuries, in reality either Namor or Katranjiev had a greater foothold over the area's affairs depending on which country was more powerful. By the early 20th century Katranjiev had exercised de facto control of the area, having acquired the far-eastern duchies and thereby sealing the Namorese from Riro. By 1913, the Katranjian authorities had de-facto ended the condominium.

After Liberationist governments took power in Namor and Katranjiev, both countries redrew the border; Katranjiev relinquished control over the eastern duchies to Namor and in turn Namor formally ended the condominium over Riro, allowing Katranjiev full control and access to the region. Riro served as a base of support for Huankun Chen's regime; despite stringent opposition to the restoration of the monarchy among ethnic Namorese, Riro remained a part of Katranjiev once the monarchy was restored. Gradually, anti-Katranjian and pro-Namor sentiment rose in the region, culminating in protests in early 2014 that resulted in a referendum in which the duchies of Maritsa, Iztokov, Katran and Valariev voted in favor of seceding from Katranjiev whereas the duchy of Trifonov voted for greater autonomy within Katranjiev. Heeding to voters' wishes, in April 30, 2014, the Katranjian government relinquished control over the four duchies that voted for secession. A provisional government ruled the seceding duchies until elections brought in a new government in July 26, 2014.

Presently, Riro is a constitutionally Liberationist government, with the national Liberationist Party dominating post-secession politics. Although a majority of Riroese voted in favor of joining Namor in an April 2015 poll, Namor has so far refused to annex Riro. The constitutionality of a possible Namorese annexation remains a subject of debate. Domestically, there is a movement underway emphasizing the importance of a strong Namorese identity rather than one that is associated with Katranjiev.

History

The word Riro literally means "sunset" in the Namorese language, thus "land of the sunset" due to its position west of Namor Proper. The earliest usage of this term came during the Namorese Empire to describe the region and distinguish it from Vetxhi (modern-day Katranjiev). While Riro became one of the thirty-six provinces of imperial Namor, the region flourished from trade with neighboring Slavic peoples.

During the time the Third Period of Anarchy ended and the Akka Dynasty took power, Katranjian armies captured Riro and westernized the names of some cities there. In addition, the region was broken up into duchies that still exist to this day. However, the Namorese sent troops to Riro, and a dispute over Riro arose between Namor and Katranjiev; at last, in 1369 (NMR 1709) a treaty was signed between Namor and Katranjiev, making the region a condominium where residents are ruled under both Namorese imperial law and royal Katranjian law. Through the next centuries the treaty remained intact and the region stayed a condominium despite dynastic changes in Namor, yet in practice at times one country had more influence in the region than the other. Namor had more influence over Riro during the Hào Dynasty years, whereas after the Hào downfall Katranjian influence over Riro was more dominant.

Map of Riro's duchies under Katranjiev

After the People's Republic of Namor was established in 1950 (NMR 2290), the government of Yunglang Antelope initially stuck to the condominium, but in 1954 (NMR 2294), with the rise of the People's Republic of Katranjiev, Yunglang agreed to hand Riro over to total Katranjian control. On May 19, 1954, on Huankun Chen's birthday, Yunglang visited Krasimir, where he and Huankun signed a treaty which handed Riro over to Katranjiev as a birthday gift to Huankun as well as a "gesture of friendship to the Katranjian people."

Riro was the one of the few places in Katranjiev where counter-demonstrations in support for the Liberationist government where held in opposition to anti-government protests which happened across Katranjiev. In 1989 the Liberationist regime was dissolved and replaced with the monarchy, and Riro stayed part of Katranjiev despite small-scale protests in cities like Chunov and Baicheng for Riro to be returned to Namor or become independent. The unpopularity of the restored monarchy led to rising pro-Namor sentiment in Riro. During the 1990s, polls showed that nearly 80% of Riroese wanted to secede and join Namor, but in the 2000s this steadily declined to around 60%. But over 90% disapproved of the monarchy and preferred either a return to Liberationism or a republic instead.

In April of 2014, protests broke out throughout Riro once more, with people calling for independence from the central government. This time, the Katranjian government allowed for a referendum to be held on the 29th of April, with independence, reunification with Namor, autonomy within Katranjiev and maintaining of the status quo as the choices. Independence gained a majority in the duchies of Maritsa, Iztokov, Katran and Valariev, while in Trifonov autonomy within Katranjiev received higher numbers of votes.

In April 30, 2014, the four duchies which voted for independence declared their secession from Katranjiev, and the People's Republic of Katranjiev was formed with the interim government headquartered in Chunov. The duchies were reorganized into states (since the word "duchy" has a monarchist connotation). Namor and Katranjiev were the first countries to recognize Riro, with Luziyca recognizing its independence a week later. The interim President was Ninji Sachun.

Government

An interim government administered the People's Republic of Riro from April to September of 2014, when it gave way to a permanent government. Riro is currently a dominant-party state ruled by the Liberationist Party of Riro. Ling Mon is the President of Riro as well as the Chairman of the Liberationist Party. The President may declare war, declare a state of emergency, dissolve the People's Assembly, appoint people to his cabinet and sign treaties. According to the constitution of Riro that was put into effect in September 2014 following the dissolution of the interim government, the president may serve at most two, consecutive five-year terms, meaning that he may not serve more than eight consecutive years and can only be re-elected once.

The People's Assembly is the national legislature of Riro. It has 50 seats. The ruling Liberationist Party has 45 seats while the Communist Party has 5 seats. The People's Assembly has the power to ratify treaties and appointments made by the President. Some observers believe that the Liberationist Party's dominant role in independent Riro's politics means that the People's Assembly wields no real power.

Military

Riro's does not have a de jure military; instead, it has a "self-defense force" consisting of the state militias of Maritsa, Iztokov, Katran and Valariev, totaling up to 10,000 people. Since gaining independence, all military personnel representing the federal government of Katranjiev were no longer responsible for Riro's defense and were removed from the country, leaving local militias responsible for the new state's defense.

The Riroese government has called on Namor to ship military hardware as well as regular troops to help with maintaining stability. So far, these requests have been turned down by Namor, which states that it will not formally assist Riro militarily unless the country is under a clear military threat that warrants Namorese assistance.

Unification with Namor

The Constitution of the People's Republic of Riro, ratified September 2014, calls Riro a "democratic people's republic belonging to the Namorese nation." This has led to speculations that the PRR is merely a transitional period between the time Riro leaves Katranjiev and when it joins Namor. Indeed, many in the government have aspirations of unifying Riro with Namor, and there are plans for unification to happen.

Administrative divisions

Map of Riro as of 2015

Riro is divided into states (Namorese: TBC), which correspond to the pre-independence duchies, although their names were changed to fit better with Namorese pronunciation.

State Capital Population
Kazo (formerly Katran) Dengzo 554,014
Mazo (formerly Maritsa) Junof 330,105
Valete (formerly Valeriev) Ming 503,207
Tungzo (formerly Iztokov) Lizo 1,954,201

Culture

The culture of Riro is similar to that of the culture of Namor, except it is slightly influenced by nearby Katranjian, Luziycan and Scotian culture.

A majority of Riroese are Txoists (adherents of Namorese folk religion), although some are agnostic or atheist. There is a small Christian minority, mainly of Katranjians who chose to stay or Namorese who converted to Lutheran Catholicism.

Media

Media in Riro is state-run. Since independence, control of media in the eastern duchies that voted for secession was transferred from private hands to the new government. Riro Television, a state-run television station, began airing since May 2014. However, Namorese media such as PTH is more popular among Riroese. Katranjian networks can still be received in Riro.

The most popular newspaper is the state-controlled Sanye Fengbo ("March Storm"). The Namorese newspaper The Liberator is also widely read.