|Motto: Individualism and Efficiency|
|Anthem: The Flag of Black and Gold|
|Official languages||Radiatian official at federal level,plus 10 others co-official in certain states, including English|
|Ethnic groups||51% Traditional Radiatian
29% White Radiatian
10% Red Radiatian
7% Yellow Radiatian
|Government||Federal Presidential republic|
|-||President||Steven McCarthy (SDU)|
|-||Vice President||Josko Ivers (SDU)|
|-||Speaker of the Federal Assembly||Wesley Yamada (SDU)|
|-||Chief Justice||Tobias Kneib|
|Legislature||Radiatian Federal Parliament|
|-||Lower house||Federal Assembly|
|-||City of Radii Founded||3100 NC|
|-||Radiatian Union||April 7th 3940 NC|
|-||United Socialist States of Radiatia||March 16th 3927 NC|
|-||Radiatian Empire||July 21st 3937 NC|
|-||Radiatian People’s Socialist Union||September 15th 3948 NC|
|-||Radiatian Federation||1st October 4014 NC|
|-||18,755,722 km2 (1st in region)
7,241,625 sq mi
|-||LET 63 estimate||254,545,238 (5th in region)|
|-||LET 60 census||254,545,238|
|GDP (PPP)||LET 40 estimate|
|-||Total||$16.8 Trillion (2nd in region)|
|-||Per capita||$82,895.48 (1st in region)|
|GDP (nominal)||LET 40 estimate|
|-||Total||Z8.649 Trillion (2nd in region)|
|-||Per capita||Z42,549.78 (1st in region)|
|Time zone||Ranges from UTC+1 to UTC+6|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||RF|
The Radiatian Federation (Radiatian: Ŧac Ra‡ijazija Ve‡erazija), commonly referred to simply as Radiatia (English pronunciation: [ɹeɪdi:eɪʃɪə]), is a physically huge country located on the northern part of Noctur's western continent of Terra Occidens, with a population of approximately 254 million. It is the largest country in the region by landmass and fifth largest by population, but also one of the most sparsely populated. It is a federal Presidential republic that consists of 45 States, the Federal Capital Territory and a number of overseas territories and bases. The Federation was founded in 4014 NC as the successor state to the Radiatian People’s Socialist Union (RPSU).
The nation spans six time zones and has an extremely varied climate, ranging from hot desert in the south to arctic wasteland in the north. It contains some of the largest areas of empty wilderness in the region. The peninsulas of Chongluntz and Chiridia border the Oriens Ocean and are also part of the Chridian Gulf. The State of Eldura is an archipelago located in the northern ocean.
Several nations and empires have existed in Radiatia over the centuries, and Radiatia has a diverse and complex history. While the Radiatian language originates in Radia (with the city of Radii being Radiatia’s oldest, dating back to the Radiatian year 3100NC, several cultures, tribes and national groups have developed. Eastern Radiatia was a part of the Chiridian Empire, Chongluntz had always been a kingdom in its own right, Alayenia and Drachensgard were both kingdoms and much of central Radiatia was colonised hundreds of years ago by people from the distant kingdom of Vashura.
In 3940 the first attempt to unify these nations and states was made with the formation of the Radiatian Union. In 3943 it became the United Socialist States of Radiatia. During the Fascist Interregnum of 3937-3948 Radiatia expanded its borders and conquered and colonised new territories, pushing all the way up to Polaris, out into the western reaches of the continent and incorporating what was then known as Asgard Incognita and Drachensgard. In 3948, following a civil war, the Radiatian People’s Socialist Union was founded and the former nations, provinces and colonies eventually became the 43 states of the RPSU. During this time the RPSU underwent huge technological advancements and Radiatia was rapidly industrialised.
Modern day Radiatia has the fastest growing economy and highest GDP per capita in Noctur, as well as the largest military budget in the region. It is a recognised nuclear power.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Political Divisions
- 5 Politics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Crime and Law Enforcement
- 9 Culture
The word “Radiatia” means “Great Northern Land” in Radiatian and initially referred to the entire subcontinent on the northern part of Terra Occidens.
It is known that the word “Radia” means north, hence the irony of the State of Radia being Radiatia’s southernmost state, an endless source of amusement to Radiatian comedians.
There is no scientific consensus on when Radiatia was first inhabited, however the oldest human remains are found in Chongluntz, dating back approximately 3000 years. There is also evidence of nomadic peoples inhabiting what is now Alayenia sometime in the last 2000 years.
Radiatia was briefly explored during the Classical Period however the climate was deemed “too volatile” to be settled. It is also likely that there were a number of societies living in Southern Chongluntz at the time.
In approximately 500 NC, settlers from a distant land called Vashura landed at Vatfer and claimed most of "Radiatia Incognita" for themselves, exploring, expanding and colonising. The Vashurans made it as far inland as Skorptsch and settled most of central Radiatia, living agricultural lifestyles on the prairies.
It is also known that around this time the city of Aliyas was built which was to become the centre of a land known as Alayenia. It is believed that the original Alayenians were descendents of nomads who wandered the steppes.
Alayenia became a fairly sophisticated civilisation, forming trade routes with other nations.
It was along one trade route that it was noticed that nomads in the region known as “The Radia Plains” were becoming increasingly sophisticated. In approximately 3100 NC Alayenian maps officially recognised the “City of Radii”, the only ancient Radiatian city that survives today.
In approximately 3400 NC the City of Drachen was founded in the north, and the City of Chon was founded in the east.
Most of these nations and empires traded peacefully with each other, however there were minor skirmishes particularly in the west, between Radia and Alayenia, which resulted in the original city of Aliyas being completely burnt to the ground.
With trade increasing as well as modernisation and technology, as well as the rise of republicanism, the Republic of Radia, the Kingdom of Naras, the Republic of Alayenia, the Republic of Numongolis and the Free Land of Chongluntz began negotiating to form a supranational body of co-operation, the original goal being to foster trade, communication and co-operation between the nations.
On April 7th LAI 924 the Radiatian Union was officially founded, with Radii deemed the capital. Increasingly the Radiatian Union became a confederation rather than a supernational body, with the Union government demanding a unified military force so that the territories of Detzertscha and Northern Chiridia could be conquered.
However in LAI 925 the people of Naras overthrew the monarchy and became a communist state.
This caused a domino effect across the Radiatian Union and a second constitution was adopted. On March 16th LAI 927 the United Socialist States of Radiatia was born. It consisted of seven main provinces – Naras, Radia, Alayenia, Numongolis, Detzertscha, (Northern) Chiridia and Chongluntz.
The United Socialist States also purchased what was then known as “Radiatia Incognita” off Vashura, allowing them to expand as far north as Polaris.
However on December 20th LAI 935, Chairman Ignatius Verster was assassinated. It was reported at the time that Red Radiatians were responsible, however secret documents later revealed that the nationalists were responsible.
Fascist Interregnum and Civil War
The First Radiatian Civil War followed between Socialist forces and Nationalist forces, however in LAI 936 the Socialists surrendered and the Nationalists declared the birth of the “Radiatian Empire” with the capital moved to the newly built city of Exegrad.
During this time Radiatia’s territory expanded emphatically, with Exer conquering and colonising the lands of Asgardia Incognita and conquering the Kingdoms of Norfus and Drachensgard. Road and –especially – rail infrastructure was also built mostly under Exer’s rule.
Fyurid Exer was especially brutal to Red Radiatians, with a racial policy that made them third class citizens – After White Radiatians and Traditional Radiatians. Over a million Red Radiatians were killed as part of Exer’s plans to “Cleanse and Control the Entire Radiatian Continent.”
Eventually communists began rallying and the Radiatian People’s Liberation Army was formed, beginning the Second Radiatian Civil War, which lasted from LAI 945-947. Exer’s forces were unable to stand up against the Liberation Army. Eventually Fyurid Exer surrendered and was executed.
Radiatian People's Socialist Union
Main Article: Radiatian People's Socialist Union
During this time the government launched a planned economy, widespread industrialisation and militarisation. Technology was rapidly advanced, including nuclear power, space exploration and satellite technology. There were regular elections, however the RPSU was a one-party state. The original Liberation Army remained under the direct control of the Board of Communist Party, while a semi-democratically elected Politburo controlled the Union Army.Initially the Board of the Communist Party held joint executive power while legislative power rested with the Politburo and the individual state governments, however eventually the Board was dominated by a single member who became “Supreme Chancellor” while the head of the Politburo was “Grand Chancellor”.
The first Supreme Chancellor, Drake Zerkus, put down all opposition and turned Radiatia into a totalitarian state. Over a million people died in the purges as ordered by Zerkus. However following Zerkus' death, subsequent Supreme Chancellors were less totalitarian and the RPSU became increasingly democratic.
In LAI 972 the RPSU became a two party state. While both parties were officially part of the communist party, differences emerged regarding social and military policy and so elections became a competition between the hardline communist and conservative Union Party and the more liberal and reformist Liberation Party.
On April 13th LET 0 Supreme Chancellor Vereinen Freiheit allowed the Union Army to open fire on a crowd of pro-democracy demonstrators in Exegrad, killing nearly 1000 of them, in an incident that is now referred to as “Black Friday”.
Under Grand Chancellor Pieter Makht, the RPSU embarked on a series of economic reforms that meant a slow transition toward a socialist market economy, and allowed Exegrad to become a “Special Economic Zone” – an area in which international investment and trade was encouraged. (Eventually the city of Das Engel was built and became Radiatia’s second “Special Economic Zone”).
In LET 7 the capitalist extremist group SPIRA, lead by the terrorist Don Innocento orchestrated a terrorist attack on Exegrad, killing several hundreds of people. There was also a minor bombing in a suburb of West Xerconia. Eventually the terrorists succeeded in assassinating RPSU Supreme Chancellor Ivan Neuleben, who remains the only major Radiatian leader to have been assassinated. He was replaced by the popular former Grand Chancellor Soden Perstesht.
Under Soden Perstesht the RPSU became increasingly democratic and minority rights, such as female suffrage, were recognised. However after the death of Perstesht he was replaced by the more hardline and totalitarian Trast Xinhua, who wished to have a return to the days of true communism.
Trast Xinhua began convicting people suspected of “Non-communist Activities” and attempted to shut down the Exegrad Special Economic Zone, which became the spark to ignite Third Radiatian Civil War.
Collapse of Communism
In the year LET 14 RPSU Supreme Chancellor Trast Xinhua announced that he planned to end Exegrad’s status as a “Special Economic Zone”, due his fear of ‘capitalist influence’. This sparked widespread protests and riots on the streets of Exegrad.
The Supreme Chancellor ordered the Liberation Army to quell the rebellion, however demonstrators armed themselves, under the guidance of revolutionary leader Draco Zerra, and ended up destroying every bridge into Exegrad.
Eventually the Union Army became involved, however Grand Chancellor Traiyan Silviu defied all expectations and ordered the Union Army to protect the protestors and fight against the Liberation Army. The Third Radiatian Civil War was violent, but only lasted a few weeks.
Eventually the Union Army reached Xerconia where Trast Xinhua surrendered and he and Traiyan Silviu negotiated and signed the “Constitutional Void Clause” which effectively dissolved the Radiatian People’s Socialist Union.
Numongolis, Naras, Chaunch, Norfus and Navanga all seceded from the RPSU and became independent nations, while Chiridia was annexed by Alizeria. The remaining States formed the Radiatian Federation.
On October 1st LET 14 the Radiatian Federation was officially founded, from the 35 remaining states of the RPSU.
The country was nearly bankrupt, after years of communism and having just waged a civil war and desperately needed economic stimulus.
Widespread privatisation occurred and shell-shocked Radiatians were forced to adapt to capitalism.President and Skortch Takita of the Conservative Party elected the first Prime Minister. The federal capital was moved to Radii and the main power of the Radiatian Federation was to rest with the Parliament, who were elected with proportional representation.
The Radiatian economy began to recover when oil was discovered in Polaris. This allowed rapid economic growth in Radiatia and helped pay off the RPSU’s national debt, which Radiatia had taken on.
Paramilitaries were instrumental in defending Polaris from the Eldurans, as the Radiatian Armed Forces were at that time too drained and underfunded to fight alone. Radiatian Forces eventually made their way to the Elduran Mainland, where the Eldurans unconditionally surrendered.
Eldura remained a Radiatian Territory for the next 5 years, later to be granted semi-autonomy and protectorate status. It finally achieved full statehood in LET 39.
The victory did see a surge in national pride, and Radiatia’s economy began a slow and steady recovery from then onwards.
In LET 21 the Republic of Alayenia held a referendum in which 60% of the population supported joining the Radiatian Federation. Alayenia was officially sworn in a few months later, becoming Radiatia’s 36th state, and its most populous.
In LET 31 the Elduran extremist terrorist group Gjenfodt began targeting and attacking Radiatian schools and kindergartens, killing over 3000 children in Radiatia’s worst terrorist attacks since the SPIRA bombings. This caused President Derro Vahnsehn to resign, triggering a constitutional crisis.
The Radiatian Government began drafting a new constitution which would solidly bind the nation together, working with people from all political parties and views.
A referendum was held and 90% of people voted in favour of the constitution. Thus it was ratified, and Yerkal Nathus was appointed the third President of the Radiatian Federation, this time by unanimous Federal Council vote as opposed to popular elections.
Following the formation of a constitutional convention, the Third Constitution was signed and Radiatia became a Presidential republic.
Radiatia has a wide variety of natural resources, including timber, oil, natural gas, uranium, coal and many ores and mineral resources, including iron, copper, magnesium, zinc and gold.
The southern portion of the peninsula Chongluntz is mostly deciduous forest and fertile plains, while along the eastern coast it gives way to Evergreen rainforests and taiga in the north. Mountain ranges run down the middle of the peninsula, and the other side dries to become prairies and steppes.
Moving further inland, plains give way to prairies, which give way to steppes, which give way to desert particularly in the south, in regions such as Xegfause, Detzertscha and Alayenia. The southern states of Radiatia are dominated by the Great Radiatian Desert. Further north prairies slowly turn to tundra, while northern Polaris is permanently frozen.
The northwest in dominated by the extremely rocky Asgard Shield, which slowly moves north toward the Drachensgard Mountains, the largest mountain range in the Radiatian Federation. The Drachensgard mountains include Mt. Nörrite, the highest peak in Radiatia (7954m).
West of Drachensgard lies the Bahamatsu volcanic field, the most active field in Radiatia, and believed to have been home to a supervolcano thousands of years ago.
The Yissell Mountain range, which runs through Alayenia, divides the Great Radiatian Desert in the east from the more forested and fertile areas in the west. The Yissell mountains are believed to be a major faultline. The other major faultline in Radiatia runs through the States of Clode, Garotch and Bahamatsu in the northwest.
Western Radiatia is the most cultivatable and fertile area, containing mostly forests and farmland.
Central Radiatia is mostly plains and prairies and is particularly prone to tornadoes.
There are huge wilderness areas in Radiatia, much of it still unexplored, and the ecology is considered megadiverse. Radiatia is home to many birds, reptiles and mammals, as well as many different kinds of plant life.
35% of the land is owned by the Federal Government, most of it either protected or used for mining. 5% is used for military purposes.
Covering such a mass of land and latitudes, Radiatia has an incredibly wide variety of climates.
Southern Chongluntz is unique in having an Oceanic Climate (Köppen Cfb), while the rest of the peninsula is continental (Köppen Dfb). There is also a mountain range which features a number of microclimates.
Central and south-eastern states are arid, mostly prairies and steppes, with desert further south. (Köppen BSk and BWk).
The western states are mostly humid continental climates (Köppen Dfa or Dfb), while most of the northwest and northern states have a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc or Dfd).
The far north, particularly Polaris, is mostly tundra (Köppen ET), while the extreme northern parts of Polaris are frozen all year long. (Köppen EF).
The hottest temperature ever recorded in Radiatia was 51°C (123.8°F) at Meramon, Detzertscha.
The coldest temperature ever recorded in Radiatia was -68°C (-90°F) at Baag, Polaris.
Temperatures in most parts of Radiatia are known to be extreme, with some places known to average 40°C (104°F) in Summer and -40°C (-40°F) in Winter. Excluding coastal regions and the Western States, rainfall is usually very low.
Radiatia has increasingly suffered from severe levels of pollution and environmental degradation, including chronic air pollution in 8 of the 10 largest metropolises, as well as, until recently, a lack of safe drinking water. Desertification due to pollution is also a widespread problem.
Until LET 30 environmental protection was the responsibility of State governments, and as a result the some states were considerably cleaner than others. For example Radia and North Corpshire are ranked as the most environmentally friendly States in Radiatia, while Midgard and Miitlania in particular are heavy polluters.
Radiatian water quality improved after the fall of communism, most notably due to the efforts of certain private companies who began protecting clean water resources and distributing clean water to areas without safe water, such as the desert states.
In LET 30 the Federal Ministry of Environmental Protection was founded, with the aim of ensuring a more streamlined approach to environmental management, by taking measures to cut back pollution and promote sustainable and renewable energy sources, as well as protecting from desertification, promoting sustainable timber logging and regulating industry in order to prevent them from polluting Radiatia’s waterways. The FMoEP had some success under the administrations of Lena Toriah and Keldon Silviu, but its powers were limited under the administration of Soden Larssen and other Liberal-Conservative governments.
10% of Radiatia’s power comes from wind turbines and 5% from hydroelectric power. The Ministry of Environmental Protection had planned to increase the number of wind turbines, hydroelectric power stations and use of solar power, and slowly lessen Radiatia’s reliance on nuclear power, although thus far these plans have not come to fruition.
The first 36 States were once part of the 43-state Radiatian People’s Socialist Union, and prior to that existed either as separate republics or territories. The 37th state, Eldura, joined the federation in LET 39, after existing as a Radiatian protectorate for nearly 25 years.
The largest State is Alayenia, with a population of 40 million. It was also the last former RPSU state to join the Radiatian Federation, having seceded from the RPSU in LET 14 and existed as an independent republic for 5 years.
Slibezoneer is the smallest state in terms of population, with only 300,000 people, while Polaris has the lowest population density at 0.19 people per square kilometre, or 5.8 square kilometres per person.
Radiatia also features a number of federal territories – the most notable is the Federal Capital Territory which is administered directly by the Federal Government. If it was a State it would be the 14th largest with a population of 5,700,000. The Federal Capital Territory has no representation in the Senate, however it is represented in the Federal Assembly by 11 MPs.
Radiatia also features a number of overseas military bases. These bases are usually very small but occasionally contain numbers of Radiatian troops and delegates, who are statistically considered to be part of the Federal Capital Territory.
States do not have the right to secede from the Radiatian Federation once they join.
Initially the Radiatian Federation was a Semi-Presidential system. In LET 31 a new constitution was signed making it a Parliamentary republic. Finally in LET 43, following a constitutional crisis, the third and current constitution was signed forming Radiatia into a Presidential republic.
The Radiatian Constitution is comprised of the Act of Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the Bill of Responsibilities. Together the three documents comprise Original Law in the Radiatian Federation.
Most Radiatians are subject to four levels of government – Federal, State, Regional/Provincial and Local.
The Head of Local Government (Mayor), Head of Regional of Provincial Government (Head Mayor) and Head of State Government (Premier) are elected by First Past the Post Plurality Vote. Most local and regional governments and some State government legislatures are also elected with this method. The federal legislature formerly used proportional representation voting, however this was abolished in LET 43.
On a federal level, the government is composed of a separate legislative, executive and judicial branch:
- Legislative power is invested in the bicameral Radiatian Federal Parliament, which is comprised of the Senate and the Federal Assembly. The Parliament makes federal law and has power of the purse, among other functions.
- Executive power is invested solely in the President, who serves as the country's Head of State and Head of Government. Previously the country had a Prime Minister, who served as head of government, however this position was later abolished. The President is Commander-in-Chief of the Radiatian Armed Forces, and has the power to veto legislature (although Parliament can override this.)
- Judicial power lies with the Supreme Court and lower Federal Courts, which are appointed by the President with the approval of at two thirds of the Senate.
The Federal Assembly has the power to introduce appropriations bills, although the Senate can amend these bills. The Federal Assembly also has the power to act as jury in an impeachment trial, and to confirm the President's nomination for the role of Minister of Finance.
The Federal Assembly currently consists of 474 members who each represent single-member constituencies for terms of two years. All states have at least one representative, while constituencies are not permitted to represent more than one million people without being divided. Alayenia, the largest state, has 57 MPs, who each represent districts comprising of approximately 700,000 people. Most federal constituencies represent around 500,000 people.
The Senate consists of two Senators from each state, regardless of population. There are currently 90 Senators. Senators are elected for four year terms, renewable once, although a state's two Senators are usually elected two years apart from one another.
The Senate has the power to introduce any bill related to national security, although the Federal Assembly may amend these bills. The Senate can also approve Supreme Court nominations with a two-thirds vote, and remove an official (especially the President) from office once they have been impeached by the Federal Assembly.
Radiatia was previously a multi-party democracy, but his since changed to a mostly two-party system, which is dominated the mostly centre-left Social Democratic Union and the mostly centre-right Liberal-Conservative Party. Notable third parties include the far left Greens Party and the far right Radiatian Destiny Party.
Main Article: Armed Forces of the Radiatian Federation
The Ministry of Defence administers, funds and equips the Radiatian defence forces, however the Minister of Defence does not have any power to command the troops unless given permission by the President.
The armed forces are divided into the Radiatian Federal Army (RFA), Radiatian Federal Air Force (RFAF), Radiatian Federal Sea Force (RFSF) and Radiatian Special Elite Force (RSEF). All four branches are nominally under Presidential control.
The other branch that is occasionally considered part of Radiatia’s military is the Radiatian Special Operations Division (R-SOD) which acts as a secret service, military intelligence, espionage and counter-espionage as well as federal investigation and law enforcement branch.
Until LET 53 it was mandatory for all citizens aged 18-27 to be drafted for 18 months of military service. This was replaced by a sizeable voluntary force and a selective service system, requiring citizens to register with the armed forces but not serve unless called up by order of the President.
Radiatia has an active military force of 2,557,170 troops, giving it the largest active military force in Noctur.
The RFA in particular currently has approximately 1,353,474 active (professional) troops, with a reserve (conscript) force of 3,158,105. The country is believed to have up to 20 million trained but inactive personnel, referred to as the "auxiliary force".
The Radiatian Special Elite Force has around 200,000 active troops with 40,000 reserves.
The RFAF consists of a total of 1,757,141 personnel, with 527,142 active and 1,229,999 reserves. Radiatia keeps a large air force due to its enormous physical size.
The RFSF consists of a total of 608,241 personnel, with 182,472 active and 425,769 reserves.
Radiatia is believed to have the largest stockpile of nuclear weapons in Noctur, with an estimated 2000-4000 nuclear weapons in active deployment, plus a stockpile that could be as high as 50,000 inactive warheads.
Radiatia has a fully indigenous arms manufacturing industry.
According statistics from the Federal Ministry of Defence, Radiatia spent Z 2.035 trillion tsenyens on defence in LET 40. Radiatia spends 5.46% of its GDP on defence, and more than the next three largest national military expenditures in Noctur combined.
The Radiatian Federation is recognised as successor state to the Radiatian People’s Socialist Union. Radiatia has continued the majority of the RPSU’s commitments.
Radiatia holds over 60 embassies within its borders, and has become an increasingly influential nation on the world stage, especially in terms of fashion, media and commerce, thanks to the rise of Radiatianism.
Radiatia was a member of the Humanitarian League until LET 39, and holds close diplomatic relations with most Humanitarian League nations, including Nui-ta, Aazeronia, Crata, Detectatia, Penguinmark, Poldania and Faransia.
Radiatian spending on international aid is a contentious issue and tends to fluctuate based on who is in power.
Radiatia was given a Democracy Rating of 9/10 by an organisation based in ArghNeedAName, ranking it in the top tier of democratic nations, something that is unprecedented in Radiatian history.
Below is a table of notable diplomatic relationships:
|Country||Current state of relations|
Error creating thumbnail: File missingAazeronia
|The Radiatian Federation maintains close diplomatic ties to Aazeronia, including a preferential trade agreement as well as a military alliance. The two nations have co-operated closely together in the fields of regional defence, economics and trade. Relations have remained close in spite of Radiatia's withdrawl from the Humanitarian League.|
Error creating thumbnail: File missingArghNeedAName
|ArghNeedAName is Radiatia's largest trading partner, as well as a major ally. The two nations have enjoyed a "Special Relationship" since the fall of the RPSU. ArghNeedAName has had a significant impact on Radiatian history, most notably in its role as having inspired the current political system of the modern Radiatian Federation.|
Error creating thumbnail: File missingCrata
|Radiatia has a complex relationship with Crata, with the official government stance being that the two nations are "friends but not allies". Although the two nations co-operated closely during Radiatia's involvement in the Humanitarian League, in LET 37 Radiatia announced it was suspending its military obligations to Crata in protest at Crata's refusal to maintain a standing military of its own, despite having the largest population in the region. Other points of contention between Radiatia and Crata include Crata's refusal to extradite James David Lindenberg to the Radiatian Federation to face charges of espionage.|
Error creating thumbnail: File missingNui-ta
|Radiatia and Nui-ta have enjoyed extremely close relations since LET 34, when the two nations signed a defence pact and free trade agreement. Nui-ta is notable as being the first nation to have ever received a free trade agreement with the Radiatian Federation, and the two nations co-operate very closely in regional security matters.|
Error creating thumbnail: File missingPenguinmark
|Relations between Penguinmark and Radiatia improved dramatically following the fall of the RPSU, who constituted the greatest threat to Penguinese national security. Today Radiatia is Penguinmark's largest trading partner, and Radiatia's 5th largest.|
Error creating thumbnail: File missingPoldania
|Recent years have seen many attempts to strengthen relations between Radiatia and Poldania, who are seen as the two most powerful nations in the region. The most notable attempt is the "G-2" Proposal, which calls for close collaboration in the fields of defence and the economy. Currently these negotiations have resulted in a free trade agreement, although Radiatia has consistently rejected requests for the creation of a formal military alliance.|
|32px Tuthina||Relations between Tuthina and Radiatia have remained cold or hostile since attempts by the government of the RPSU to fund Republican rebels within Tuthina, and have remained such throughout Tuthina's continued blockade of the Oriens Ocean, which has hindered trade between eastern and western Noctur. Although the blockade has been lifted and Tuthina has retreated into isolationism, it is still viewed as an "enemy state" by the Radiatian Federal government.|
|Unemployment||5.14% (January LET 45)|
|GDP growth||7.411% (LET 45)|
|CPI inflation||3.3% (May LET 44 - May LET 45)|
|Poverty||14% (LET 45)|
|Public debt||Z55 billion (US$107 billion) (October LET 40)|
Radiatia has a market economy, which is fueled by natural resources, primarily minerals, a well-developed infrastructure and high productivity.
It has the second largest economy in Noctur with a GDP of US$16.8 Trillion, and has consistently ranked as the fastest growing economy in the region. Its GDP per capita is $82,895, giving it the highest GDP per capita in the region and one of the highest in the world.
Agriculture and food is Radiatia’s largest import commodity, due to Radiatia’s volatile climate making it difficult for the Radiatian agriculture sector to feed the entire nation. Its largest export commodity is manufactured goods.
The average yearly salary in Radiatia is Z34,146.90 Tsenyens per year (US$67,660.97), although 11% of Radiatians live below the poverty line, while 10% of the population earn over Z99,000 Tsenyens per year.
Radiatia has a relatively high Gini coefficient, which reflects the income divide. There is a notable urban-rural income divide, and it is also notable that southern Radiatians tend to be considerably richer than northern Radiatians, which the exception of Polaris who benefited from the oil boom.
Natural resources were originally Radiatia’s biggest exports, before the manufacturing sector took over. In LET 28, former Prime Minister Kurt Demodand declared that, in his view, Radiatia had become a Post-Industrial Economy, with the service sector now contributing to 51% of the nation’s GDP.
Radiatia has a relatively low level of public debt, as the oil boom ensured rapid economic growth following the collapse of communism and helped Radiatia pay off most the RPSU’s debts, although the nation frequently ran high budget deficits in the years immediately following the collapse of communism. Radiatia passed peak oil production in LET 19.
Radiatia has an enormous energy sector and generates and sells energy to neighbouring countries.
The agriculture industry is tiny in Radiatia, however it does produce large amounts of corn and potatoes, and many well known brands of alcohol including Drachensgard Ale, along with Radiatian-made Whiskey and Vodka.
As of January LET 45, Radiatia has an unemployment rate of 3.14%.
The largest private employment sector is still the manufacturing industry. Radiatians pay a flat federal income tax of 15%. State governments also have their own income tax systems, along with a Sales and Transaction Tax (STT).
The Radiatian welfare state is one of the least extensive of any of Noctur's developed or rich countries, with Radiatia spending less per capita on welfare than any other nation in the region.
Since LET 30 Radiatia has offered free universal healthcare, courtesy of the Federal Health Service (FHS), which is funded by the federal government. It also offers unemployment benefits for up to two months, with anyone unemployed for longer than two months drafted into the military.
Welfare and education is handled mainly by the state governments, with the federal government playing only an administrative role, and welfare systems differ from state to state.
Many Radiatians are below the poverty line, mainly due to geographic isolation. Most Radiatian welfare systems tend to favour the young over the old, with the official retirement age in Radiatia ranging from 65 to 70 years old – 2 to 7 years higher than the average life expectancy.
Much of the income inequality has to do with the “shock tactics” that were employed following the fall of communism, in which highly valuable state owned enterprises were sold cheaply, enabling people to make huge amounts of money of them while not redistributing that money.
Radiatia’s average wage and level of wealth appears to be growing, with the current average yearly salary at Z 34,146.90 (US$67,660.97).
Radiatia has one of the highest income divides in the region.
Science and Technology
Science and technology in Radiatia has historically ebbed and flowed, with Radiatia (and particularly Radia prior to Radiatian unification) often struggling to keep up with nations in the west, before accelerating and then becoming a leading technological figure, and then falling behind again.
In the early LAI 900s, while the western world had industrialised, Radia still relied on slavery, while Red Radiatians were living semi-nomadic lifestyles further north. However it began to accelerate after the death of Radia’s last emperor, Alexei VII, with heavy industry and electricity becoming more commonplace.
Technological advancement accelerated following the unification of Radiatia, especially while under communism.
Radiatia’s main technological achievements have predominantly been in the fields of military, transportation and energy, with Radiatia boasting hybrid-electric cars as long ago as LAI 960 (although they are no longer in use). Radiatia also successfully developed nuclear weapons, and subsequently nuclear energy in LAI 970.
Radiatia has always had a keen interest in outer space, although initially this was a front for the RPSU’s missile program. Radiatia has launched a number of satellites into space, as well as two manned space flights, however it has been of less importance since the fall of communism and the Radiatian Space Agency has become a mostly private venture.
Radiatia has tended to have difficulty with telecommunications, due to its vast size, however the government has embarked on a massive project to ensure the entire nation is covered. Currently 90% of all urban areas have access to internet, although 60% of the nation (mostly rural areas) are telecommunications dead zones.
Radiatia has an extremely well-developed infrastructure, especially considering its enormous size.
Mass transit, including over long distances is used by the vast majority of Radiatians, due to its affordability and simplicity. Radiatia was very quick to develop high-speed electric rail, which has proven useful in travelling across the vast nation.
Almost every city has either an underground or light rail system, which is usually either very cheap or free to use, and most urban areas are linked the the Overland Rail Network, which is maintained by the Federal Government.
Radiatia has a comprehensive Interstate highway system, which originally followed the Overland rail route until finally overtaking it in length in LET 40. State governments also maintain their own roads and highways, and occasionally private companies do too. Ice roads are common in the far north in winter.
The oldest railway line is the one that runs from Radia to Chongluntz, through Detzertscha and Alayenia. The Radiatian Union and United Socialist States of Radiatia made rail infrastructure their first priority.
Infrastructure really boomed during the fascist interregnum, with Fyurid Exer building highways and railways as far north as Polaris, and setting the foundations for future infrastructure development, which happened under the RPSU.
Radiatia is also served by a large number of airports, and private planes and helicopters are a common occurrence – indeed helicopter ownership is only slightly less common than car ownership.
Most, but not all, Radiatian airports are at least partially owned by their local council while all airlines are privately owned, though the airline industry is regulated.
According to the LET 45 census, the Radiatian Federation has a population of 230,545,238 people, a growth rate of 13.55% since the the LET 33 census.
However, due in part to its enormous size and in part to it having a predominantly urbanised population, Radiatia has a fairly low population density.
The population is denser in the south and the west than in the north, with the densest areas being the State of Midgard, the Federal Capital Territory and southwestern Alayenia. The absolute densest area is Exegrad City in Alayenia with over 7000 people per square kilometre.
Conversely the far north is the least dense region, with the State of Polaris in particular having a population density of 0.19 people per square kilometre – or 5.8 square kilometres per person.
There is a slightly larger number of females than males.
51% of Radiatia’s population is made up of “Traditional Radiatians”, who are best identified by their having oriental facial features combined with blonde hair and blue eyes.
The next largest ethnic group is “White Radiatians” (Caucasians) who make up 29% of the populace, mostly in southern states such as Radia.
10% of the population are “Red Radiatians” who are descended from Vashuran colonisers who settled the central states of Radiatia. Red Radiatians are so-called because of their red-coloured eyes. Often they are the ethnic group most discriminated against and who also have the shortest average lifespan.
7% of Radiatians are “Yellow Radiatians” (Oriental/Asian) who mostly live in the eastern states.
3% are “Other”, mostly immigrants or descended from immigrants.
79.8% of the population live in urban areas, with 35.5% of people living in the 10 largest metropolises and over 50% living in towns or cities with over 200,000 people.
Radiatia is a multilingual nation, although it has a single official language on federal level in order to ensure smooth communication.
On a federal level the official language of Radiatia is Radiatian, specifically the Xerconian dialect. All Radiatians are legally required to speak the language, and all official documents and federal government business is carried out in Radiatian.
99% of Radiatians speak Radiatian, although only about 8% speak it as their only language and only around 20% speak it as a first language.
92% of Radiatians are bilingual, due to Radiatian states often having languages other than Radiatian as official languages.
The most common languages apart from Radiatian are:
- English (40%)
- Aliyan (21%)
- Chiridian (11%)
- Chonkao (9%)
- Vashuran (4%)
- Drachenese (4%)
- Elduran (2%)
- Other (1%)
According to Article VI, Section Four of the Act of Constitution, the Radiatian Federation is a State Atheist nation, however it does provide for some freedom of religion.
Religious groups are barred from petitioning or attempting to influence the government, however politicians may practice a religion with Supreme Court approval.
Religious groups, especially those from abroad must meet the standards of the Office of Religious Immigration before being allowed to import or practice their faith there. Religions which preach non-scientific theories (such as faith-healing and creationism) are banned, as are religions which preach discrimination (such as against women or homosexuals).
70% of Radiatians identify as non-religious, with 40% identifying as atheist and 30% as agnostic. The number of atheists in Radiatia is falling, and it is believed to be so high due to Radiatia having previously been a State Atheist nation.
13% of the nation are Buddhists, 12% are Christians, (with 8% being Anglican or Protestant and 4% being Orthodox, Catholic or Apostolic.)
4% practice other religions.
Radiatia's education system is primarily funded and operated by State and Local governments but overseen by the Federal Ministry of Education.
There is no consensus on when children must attend school, and the curriculum also differs greatly from state to state. Some states allow home-schooling and private schooling, however almost all states have a public education system of some description.
All Radiatians are required to take the Federal Education Standard (FES) at age 16 and under federal law all schools, including private schools, in all states must teach the federal education standard.
The federal education standard involves ensuring that students are able to read, write, speak and comprehend Radiatian, that they understand basic life skills including things such as managing money and cooking, and ensures that they have a solid grasp on Radiatian history and civics so as to be able to participate as well informed citizens in a democracy. No student in any state of Radiatia may leave school without passing the Federal Education Standard.
Radiatia has a number of universities, most of which a privately funded though every state has at least one university funded by the State Government. The Federal Government funds tertiary students through student loans, free accommodation and a small stipend.
Radiatia’s oldest universities are the University of Central Radii, the University of Alayenia and the University of Saku. Along with the University of Exegrad and the University of Xerconia, they are considered the “Educational Elite”, which is the common name for the top 5 universities in Radiatia.
In spite of widespread efforts by state and federal authorities, Radiatia's education system has continued to decline since the fall of communism, with Radiatia now only having an adult literacy rate of 90%.
Healthcare was privatised following the fall of communism, mainly due to the new government being near-bankrupt and unable to afford it.
However in LET 30 Prime Minister Lena Toriah set up the Federal Health Service, a taxpayer funded venture that supposedly guarantees Radiatians free universal healthcare. Although there was, and is, much controversy surrounding the FHS, in LET 31 the right to free universal healthcare and the existence of the FHS was enshrined in the constitution.
In actuality only 87% of Radiatians have access to healthcare, due to geographic isolation, although the FHS and RFAF jointly run a flying doctor service and measures are being taken to combat this.
24% of Radiatians are obese, while 15% are considered malnourished.
The average life expectancy across the nation is 63.03 years, although it is considerably higher in southern states (where it is often around 75 years) than in central or northern states. Key factors include a high mortality rate in terms of preventable things such as industrial accidents, alcoholism, suicide, murder as well as exposure to Radiatia’s incredibly harsh climate.
Crime and Law Enforcement
Officially, all law enforcement is handled by the military and there is no distinction between the military and the police (better known in Radiatia as “Policy Enforcers”).
Every State has a “State Army” which was originally designed to be a militia or defence force, but is now used for Policy Enforcement. Occasionally large municipal governments will be given their own police force, which will usually be a branch of the larger State Army. Notable examples include the Exegrad Metropolitan Police, the Das Engel Police Enforcement Department (DEPED) and the Xerconia Policy Enforcement Department (XPED), the latter of which is actually a branch of the RFA.
Federal laws are enforced by the newly formed Federal Police Agency (FPA), while R-SOD's Internal Branch is also used as a federal investigative body.
Most police funding comes from the Federal Ministry of Law and Order, who allocate funds to state governments in proportion to population. However in many cases state governments will also contribute to the funding of their police forces.
The Federal Ministry of Law and Order also overseas the Department of Justice, the Department of Corrections and other related matters, however it mainly regulates these matters by controlling funding, rather than interfering directly in matters which are usually handled at State level.
The crime rate increased dramatically following the collapse of communism, but is still considerably lower than in most of the world.
Under Radiatian law, someone who is arrested (prosecuted) for a crime is guilty until proven innocent. However, a prosecuted person may not be incarcerated for longer than 28 days without facing trial, in which case they are released until the date of the trial. The trial is almost always by jury, who decide whether to convict or acquit the prosecuted person.
Capital punishment is sanctioned and used by the federal government, and also by 29 of the 37 states. The Radiatian Federation usually executes 50-100 people in a year, on average.
Main Article: Etiquette in the Radiatian Federation
Since the fall of communism, there has been a shift in Radiatian culture, resulting in the rise of the so-called "New Radiatia".
Increasingly the nation has begun to subscribe to a nationalist ethos known as "Radiatianism". Radiatianism is defined by one social commentator as follows:
"Radiatianism is the Radiatian way of life. It is individualistic, efficient and one in which one helps others by choosing to help himself. It affirms and stresses the values of individuality and efficiency. The Radiatian is self-reliant and opportunistic. He is direct and honest, finding deception to be inefficient. He is determined, and would step over the dead body of his own mother to get what he wants. The Radiatian believes in hard work and order, respects authority and abhores laziness. The Radiatian is analytical and intellectual, rather than emotional or intuitive. The Radiatian avoids displays of passion, but favours cold logic, reason and rationality. The Radiatian does not have a concept of morality, seeing himself as an island unto himself, but also realising that by standing in the way of another's progress he jeopordises efficiency and he agrees that just as no one has the right to compromise his own individuality, so too does he have no right to compromise or interfere in another's business."
Radiatia is a somewhat multicultural country, owing to it being a union of what were once separate nations, tribes and cultures and as such things differ from region to region. As a general rule there are six main culture types in Radiatia, pertaining to geographical location – the South, the West, the Northwest, the Central States, the Far North and the East.
Usually the further west one goes the more laid-back the culture is, while the further north you go the more open and friendly the culture is. For example people in the Chongluntz in the south east are often serious and reserved, while people in Drachensgard in the north west tend to be friendly and laid back. Conversely, people from Amentra in the south west tend to be laid back but sometimes impolite, while people from Vatfer in the north east tend to be friendly but hardworking.
Radiatians value and prize “efficiency” above all things, and tend to value people who work hard and fast, and also tend to be rather blunt in conversation.
Also, despite their socialist past, Radiatians are staunchly individualistic, and Radiatian culture even goes so far as to eschew the importance of the family.
Radiatia does not have full freedom of speech, as tolerance is valued more highly and Radiatians tend to keep their opinions to themselves when in public.
Arts and Media
Art has traditionally been valued in Radiatian society, even under communism. In fact artistic expression was the only way of legally criticising the government during the totalitarian years of the RPSU.
Radiatians are heavy consumers of internet, television and the media. There are hundreds of news channels, most of which are private though some, are owned or partially owned by state and local governments.
The Radiatian Film and Television industry is very large and heavily commercialised, with Das Engel positioned as the centre of the Radiatian entertainment industry. Radiatia also has a large adult entertainment industry, with the over 60% of all publications in Radiatia tending to be of an erotic nature.
Exegrad and Radii are the two centres for literature, with Exegrad in particular the centre of the publishing industry. Radii is also the home of Radiatia’s oldest cultural artefacts and is a haven for visual arts, as is New Aliyas.
Radiatia has a large music industry, having developed a number of its own genres including Exegrad Electric and Drachensgard Death Metal.
Stand-up comedy is also highly valued, especially in the Western States, with Radiatian comedians and satirists being important cultural figures going back to the legendary comedian Yamas Tweed, who satirised and questioned the communist regime, first introduced Radiatians to the concept of free speech and was one of the first Radiatians to ever leave the country.
The most popular spectator sport in Radiatia is English Football, with the Radiatian Football League (RFL) attracting millions of spectators. This is closely followed by the Radiatian Rugby Union (RRU).
In football, Team Radiatia was a quarterfinalist during the Baptism of Fire 46.
Baseball is popular, and Radiatia has a number of violent indigenous sports, including Radiatian Football (a form of rugby in which people knock each other with sticks instead of tackle) and Fatton Stilts, a game developed in Luntzbusch by a nobleman named Fatton von Stiltsmann, who would beat his peasants and award a prize to whoever survived. The game is slightly less violent today, however deaths do occur often.
Radiatians also enjoy skiing and motor sports.
Radiatia celebrates 4 national holidays,plus the New Year’s public holiday week:
- 1st January: New Years Day
- 2nd January: New Years Holiday
- April 7th: Federation Day
- July 22nd: Presidents Day
- September 15th: Victory Day
- October 1st: Traiyan Silviu Day
- December 27th: New Years Holiday
- December 28th: New Years Holiday
- December 29th: New Years Holiday
- December 30th: New Years Holiday
- December 31st: New Years Eve