Prime Minister of Tolmakia
|Prime Minister (PM) of the Republican State of Tolmakia|
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Arms of the Republican government
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|Republican Government of Tolmakia|
Office of the Prime Minister
The Republican House
|Seat||Meddli City, Tolmakia|
|Appointer||Council of Tolmakia|
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Republican State's Council.
|Term length||6 years|
renewable only once
|Inaugural holder||Konan Danishwire |
as Prime Minister of Western Tolmakia and de facto first Prime Minister of unified Tolmakia.
|Formation||15 November 1965|
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Politics and government of
The Prime Minister of Tolmakia (PM) is the head of state and government in the Republic of Tolmakia. Along with members of the cabinet, the prime minister is accountable for his or her actions to the government, to the Republican Assembly, their political party, and ultimately, to the electorate.
The prime minister is appointed by the Council of Tolmakia, a committee that is established every 6 years by qualified government officials who usually come from the Republican State Council and the judiciary. The legislature chooses the candidates by closed voting or by policy, the electorate votes on the candidates the legislature has chosen, and the council decides who becomes the next prime minister based on the results. In cases where the deputy is the only candidate, the lone candidate automatically becomes the next prime minister, unless the normally impartial parliament nominates its own.
The Prime Minister of Tolmakia commands the confidence of the Republican State Council, and may be the leader of a political party or a coalition of parties that holds the largest number of seats in the assembly. Because of the Republican Party having most seats since its creation, all of the country's prime ministers have been Republicans. The prime minister normally renounces his or her position as leader of their party, but this is completely voluntary, albeit customary. By virtue, the prime minister is also the Minister for the Civil Service, and serves as the Commander in Chief of the Tolmakian Military Forces.
The roots of the position can be traced back to the post-revolutionary days of Tolmakia; the days following its independence in 1965. The Republicans, one of Tolmakia's two chief political groups during the time desired to turn the country into a representative democracy, and pursued a prime ministerial system. This naturally contradicted the objectives of the Monarchists, its rival party, and the other dominant political group of the state. This, along with other issues would culminate in the week-long Tolmakian Civil War. Before and during the course of the conflict, the Republicans were administered by a minister, who was also the representative of the party. Renald Rangers occupied the position, but was killed before the outbreak of the war. Thomas Breshire, the chief leader of the Republicans, who had a function similar to that of a prime minister was likewise killed, and his death fueled the cause for war.
After the deaths of Thomas and Renald, Konan Danishwire, who would become Tolmakia's first prime minister, led the Republican Party, and acted as the virtual head of government over the portions of Tolmakia that were under his party's control. He also acted as the Minister for the Civil Service, but unlike the modern prime minister, the prime minister during the civil war had direct control over almost all government departments, as the head of every ministry. This changed immediately, after the first days of the Split Era.
The new leaders of Western Tolmakia immediately set on to working on the national government. Not long after, they decided to pursue and adopt a government system with a constitution for its people, and thus created a parliamentary constitutional republic. The first terms and policies for the Aedan prime ministerial position were included in the 1965 constitution, that was ratified by the Republican Assembly in 1965.
As he faced little to no opposition, Konan Danishwire had no problems becoming the prime minister. By his newly-given legal powers, he chose the members of Western Tolmakia's first, and only political cabinet. Prime Minister Konan Danishwire served for 10 years, the longest an Aedan prime minister has served in history. Note that the single six-year term policy would only be applied to the position year later after reunification.
Following the dissolution of Eastern Tolmakia in 1975, the prime minister remained the sole Tolmakian head of state and government. In the same year, Konan Danishwire ended his term, and set up the general elections for the first prime minister of united Tolmakia. During this time, elections were more democratic. Because the Unified Tolmakian Assembly was too busy dealing with post-split state and internal parliamentary matters to appease the populace, democratic elections were held until the legislative body was fully set up, and most of its tasks were completed. In the 1975 elections, Devin Kashlevin was elected.
Under his term, the Tolmakian constitution was amended; the 1975 Constitution was created. The length of a single term was also fixed to 6 years by the Republican Assembly. The old Republican House made available a living space for the prime minister, given by virtue of the position. The prime minister was also given the right to lead a party, while retaining his or her current position, and to be a ceremonial member of the assembly.
Under Devin's later years, the right to lead a political party was limited, not officially, but mostly by society. It was viewed as giving the prime minister excessive power, although the legislature back then did not see any sensible reason to remove the prime minister's right to lead his or her party. In the end, the choice was ultimately left in the prime minister's hand, and it has become customary that the minister always forfeits the choice.
During the 1980s, legislation that resulted in the prime minister being elected less democratically caused controversy. The third prime minister, Fred Leathes was directly elected by legislature and party-affiliated members only. Furthermore, he faced meager opposition. Fred Leathes was the first prime minister to extensively use his powers for the national military, rapidly upgrading and modernizing it, and focusing on national defense. He set the example of being the first Tolmakian leader to "fully embrace" the role of being the Commander in Chief of the armed forces. Despite his controversial elections, his efforts in improving the military and maintaining Tolmakia's security earned him praise. Additionally, he started prioritizing welfare.
Following Fred Leathes was Dylan Buckingham (1988 – 1994), Edmonton Marks (1994 – 1998), Alan Barries (1998 – 2004), Luke Arthurs (2004 – 2010), Madd Daneili (2010 – 2016), and Laura Maruani (2016 – present). Edmonton Marks served the shortest term in Tolmakian history, and his administration is considered the most worst, out of the nine others. Edmonton devoted much of Tolmakia's resources on the environment and education, ignored external expenditures, and his pacifist nature prompted him to resign at the outbreak of the First Pejite War and the country's involvement in the conflict.
On 10 May 2010, Madd Daneili was elected Prime Minister by in the 2010 Tolmakian Elections. Madd Daneili had won the elections against a few candidates, notably against the deputy prime minister, Leah Abes, who could have been the first Tolmakian female Prime Minister if she had won. Leah Abes was subsequently replaced by Laura Rose Maruani, who voiced her agenda publicly to become the next prime minister a year later. In 2016, she barely won against Donny Reeves, who instead became the next deputy. Within months however, Laura Maruani's tougher stance on government ethics and policies resulted in Reevs being replaced with Lorna Prabin, from the Tolmakian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (after the TMFA head, Agnes Mcanborough, refused to take the post).
Maruani's victory in the 2016 Tolmakian General Elections made her the first female prime minister of the republic, and its first female head of state and government since the coronation of Princess Anna Marina during the split period.
Power and status
Once elected, the prime minister becomes the Minister for the Civil Service, the head of the Cabinet of Tolmakia, and a Privy Counsellor. The prime minister is also the co-commander of the nation's armed forces. The contemporary minister rarely leads a political party, and normally leads the Republican Assembly, albeit ceremoniously only. He or she wields both legislative and executive powers, and guides the law-making processes.
The prime minister appoints and dismisses members of the cabinet, and the executive ministers of all the government ministerial departments and the civil service. With his influence, he or she can also appoint members of the State's Council. The minister is sometimes considered the equal of the parliament, as they are said to be "equally" powerful. He or she is also the most executive official of the government, outranking all its executives.
Under the constitution
The Prime Minister of Tolmakia is defined as the head of state and government of the republic, meaning he or she has powers that concern the domestic and international affairs of the republic. He or she is meant to represent the people of the modern Tolmakian republic, and to pledge loyalty to the trust of the mentioned, provide their security, happiness, and welfare, and oversee the country's development. Additionally, the minister is tasked with the goal of balancing Tolmakia's affairs, and since 2014 has been accountable for overseeing the interests of the people and the economy.
Every 6 years, a new minister is appointed by the Council of Tolmakia. The Council of Tolmakia is a group formed by the Republican Assembly each election year. Its members are voted on by the legislature. The council elects the next Tolmakian head of state and head of government by evaluating assembly-picked candidates (usually from each political party). While nominees have the right to decline their candidacy for the position, the deputy prime minister is mandatorily subjected to being a candidate. The deputy is elected by default, if there are no other viable candidates available. The prime minister can only be elected once, and serves a single six-year term in office, unless legally brought out of office through "justifiably extraordinary" means.
Though nominated by legislature, the prime minister is voted on by the electorate. Based on the results of the electorate's voting, the minister is then appointed and declared by the council, which also considers "extraordinary policy." Ultimately, the candidate that is deemed "worthy," or officially "able to command confidence in the Tolmakian parliament" is chosen.
The prime minister is assigned living quarters in The Republican House. He or she may also own or retain their private homes, but are only allowed to own a certain number of houses. Additionally, the prime minister is subjected to privileges that are likewise imposed on members of the assembly, which includes the provision of premium train tickets for traveling around the country, or fees for diplomatic visits around the world. Furthermore, he or she may also use national symbols, which are normally off-limits to minor government officials and most senior members of the administration, as long as their guidelines for utilization are followed.
In 2014, the Prime Minister of Tolmakia received up to $250,000, including an additional salary given as a ceremonial member of the assembly. After retirement, the former prime minister is granted benefits of "honour and dignity." They may still serve in the government, but are exempted from becoming the deputy prime minister, a member of the cabinet (thus forbidding them to become senior ministers), or the heads of either house of the Tolmakian Parliament. Deceased former prime ministers are commonly given a state funeral, and ceremoniously buried near Meddli Square. Otherwise, their names are engraved in the mentioned place.
Forms of address
The prime minister is formally assigned the title of "The Honourable." "Mr. Prime Minister" is sometimes used by foreign dignitaries, and the informal "Prime Minister [First and last name]" is widely acceptable, and even used by other domestic officials. "The Right Honourable" or "His Excellency" may be used as well.
Living former prime ministers
Currently, seven out of Tolmakia's nine prime ministers still live. Former Western Tolmakian Prime Minister Konan Danishwire died in 1987 from natural causes, namely old age. The third prime minister, Fred Leathes died in 2011 from heart cancer. As former ministers, the six surviving former ministers have reportedly become good friends. Before his death, Fred Leathes was one of their amiable acquaintances.
Three ministers, Devlin Kashlevin, Alan Barries, and Dylan Buckingham remain in the government, as members of the parliament or civil servants in the executive branch's ministerial departments. Additionally, all these ministers, along with Luke Arthurs are still part of the Republican Party. In 2011, all of the country's living former prime ministers had a meeting in Meddli, after Leathes' death. The incumbent then, Madd Daneili partially arranged the gathering to also hear some of their advice.