Prime Minister of Midrasia

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Prime Minister of Midrasia
Premier ministre Mydraziane
Premier
MDRPrimeministerstandard.png
Seal of the Prime minister
MelcionPortas.png
Incumbent
Melcion Portas

since 15 September 2017
Government of Midrasia
Office of the Prime Minister
Style His Excellency
Member of
Reports to Parliament
Residence
  • Hôtel Lindoir
  • Château d'Apis
Appointer Monarch of Midrasia
based on appointee's ability to command confidence in Parliament.
Term length Four years
Formation 2 June 1791
First holder Patrice Malouines
Salary Đ200,000

The Midrasian Prime Minister (Midrasian: Premier Ministre Mydraziane), or the Premier of Midrasia, is the head of government within Kingdom of Midrasia. According to the constitution of 1791 the Prime Minister is appointed by the Monarch, the head of state, based upon the appointee's ability to command confidence within Parliament. Although the post of Prime Minister did exist within Midrasia before the constitution of 1791, its duties and responsibilities were vastly different to the modern incarnation of the role. The Prime Minister and their cabinet are accountable to Parliament, their respective political party and the electorate. By convention, the Prime minister is the leader of the largest party within the Public Assembly; although this is not a necessity. Since 1791 the Prime minister has always led the largest party in the lower house.

The current Prime Minister is Melcion Portas of the Progressive Alliance who was appointed on 15 September 2017.

History

The role of Prime Minister developed out of a necessity for Midrasian monarchs to delegate financial policy to other officials and to address the concerns of members of the Estates General at regular intervals. The role was initially created under Philip III in 1542, although the office was merely known as the First Minister of State (Principal ministre d'État). The role was however sporadically used by Midrasian monarchs, with many rulers selecting not to assign individuals to such roles and instead see to such businesses themselves. The decline of the role of the First Minister is seen by historians as a key reason for the outbreak of the Midrasian Civil War, with numerous monarchs attempting to centralise the Kingdom's administration around their sole person.

Following the Civil War, most historians point to the role of Protecteur as a continuation of the role of First Minister. Between 1628 and 1791 the Protecteur was arguably the most powerful individual in the Midrasian kingdom, with the monarch merely acting as a rubber-stamping authority on the actions and legislation of the Protecteur. It wasn't until the rule of Hugues III that the monarchy would attempt to reassert its position within Midrasian politics, ultimately leading to the outbreak of the Midrasian revolution. Following the execution of Hugues III and the declaration of the Midrasian Republic, the Protecteur attempted to greatly expand their power and authority at the expense of parliament. These actions would ultimately lead a number of limitations and checks to be placed on the power of the head of government following the end of the revolution.

As of the ratification of the 1791 constitution, the Prime Minister has played an integral role in the governing of the nation. The constitution identified the Prime Minister as the head of the nations government, able to appoint their own cabinet of ministers from members of both houses and set the legislative agenda. The constitution mandated that the Prime Minister was to be an elected member of the Public Assembly, and as such members of the Noble Assembly were invalid for the position. Since the constitutional reforms of the mid-1990s however, this has changed and members of the Senate are now eligible for the position, although by convention the role is still confined to members of the Public Assembly.

Function

The Prime Minister is Midrasia's head of government and along with the Cabinet sets the legislative agenda for the government. In the Cabinet, the Prime Minister is responsible for the appointment of ministers, who are confirmed by the monarch and can remove them from their post at any time. The Prime Minister presents bills to the Public Assembly on behalf of the government and is entrusted with the role of maintaining collective responsibility within the Cabinet. In Parliament, the Prime Minister must continue to uphold their constitutional obligations as a local MP, although they may delegate much of this to local advisers. Every Wednesday, the Prime Minister must face the Assembly for a 30 minute session of questions from elected MPs of all parties. The Prime Minister is also responsible for the maintenance and running of the Office of the Prime Minister which includes a network of government advisers and civil servants who aid in the running of the government.

Appointment

The Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch, alongside any other ministers within the Cabinet of the new government, as per the constitution of 1791. As the head of government, the Prime Minister is the first to be appointed by the monarch when a new government is to be formed. The monarch must officially accept or reject the new government formed by an incoming Prime Minister for it to be formed. Similarly, the monarch must also accept or reject the resignation of an incumbent Prime Minister. Whilst a Prime Minister has never officially rejected the formation of a new government, the last resignation to be rejected was that of François Capet in 1941.

The day following the conclusion of a general election the incumbent Prime Minister offers their resignation to the monarch if they are unable to form a government. The monarch then must consult with advisers regarding offering the position to the leader of the party most able to form a government following the election. Usually, this is the leader of the party with an absolute majority of seats within the Public Assembly, however in some circumstances, a formateur may be required. When a new member of parliament is in a position to form a majority or coalition government, the monarch must then accept or reject this new government. New ministers must also be appointed by the monarch. All members of the Cabinet and Shadow Cabinet are also appointed to positions on the Privy Council.

Entitlements

The role of Prime Minister has a number of privileges and entitlements. The most notable entitlement for the Prime Minister is the financial entitlements on top of the existing Parliamentary salary and expenses. The Prime Minister is paid a salary of Đ200,000 which whilst in excess of the standard backbench salary remains moderate compared with other ministerial or civil service salaries.

Furthermore, the Prime Minister is given access to the official residences of Hôtel Lindoir and Château d'Apis. Hôtel Lindoir acts as the Prime Minister's personal residence in the city of Lotrič and has been the official residence of the Prime Minister since the inception of the roll and even served as the residence of the First Minister before the Midrasian Revolution. By contrast, Château d'Apis, located in the foothills of the Avadin mountains in Vaellenia, acts as the Prime Minister's official country estate. The building was constructed in 1876 after the original country residence located in Roixs was destroyed in a fire. The new residence was constructed in Vaellenia as a concession to the regions of Midrasia. Contemporary opinion across Midrasia suggested that the government was seen as too Toussaint-centric and as such the decision was made to move the Prime Minister's country residence to one of Midrasia's more peripheral regions.

The Prime Minister is also provided primary access to the Ministerial transportation aircraft codenamed Aircraft One (l'Avió Un). Whilst access to the craft is provided to all key cabinet ministers, the Prime Minister holds ultimate authority over which individuals may travel on the craft and when. Whilst the Prime Minister is not forbidden from flying on commercial aircraft, since the assassination of Erwann Berthou, authority over the Prime Minister's travel when on official business is reserved to the Midrasian defence services and Royal Air force who control Aircraft One.

List of Prime Ministers

Prime Ministers under Philippe V

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Elected
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days
1 Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg Patrice Malouines
(1722–1799)
Rep for Roixs
25 August 1791 12 April 1796 1692 Ch 1791
Patrice Malouines was the first official Prime Minister of Midrasia. Malouines had played a major role throughout the Revolution and had been a key adviser to Philippe V throughout the conflict. Malouines quickly became leader of the Chartist bloc due to his influence with the monarch and his role in drafting the Constitution. The popularity of the Chartists following the revolution led to an easy victory for the informal political bloc in 1791. Malouines resigned from his post in 1796 citing failing health, he died only three years later.
2 1st Baron Grenville cropped.jpg Luix de Locarno
(1730–1814)
Rep for Locarno
12 April 1796 1 January 1800 1359 Ch 1796
Luix de Locarno succeeded Malouines as leader of the Chartist faction following his resignation. Immediately following his appointment as Prime Minister, Locarno scheduled an election for later in the year in which a majority of seats were won by Chartist affiliated candidates. Locarno saw Midrasia involve itself in the Lhedwinic War, funding partisans against tir Lhaeraidd. After a schism within the Chartist faction arose regarding the status of Vaellenians in Midrasia, Locarno's popularity began to fade. Locarno announced he would step down at the onset of the new year. Locarno was replaced by Alexis Oyonax following his resignation on January 1st.
3 Thomas Paine rev1.jpg Alexis Oyonax
(1750–1834)
Rep for Châteauloup
1 January 1800 1 August 1811 4229 Ch 1801
Oyonax was Locarno's chosen successor for leader of the Chartist faction, taking his post in January 1800. Oyonax was able to heal the divisions within the Chartist faction regarding the status of Vaellenians, who were granted full citizenship rights. Oyonax presided over the Midrasian intervention in the First Oser-Newreyan War, negotiating the truce which ended hostilities. Whilst Oyonax was able to win two consecutive elections, by the 1810s the popularity of the Chartists had declined considerably, leading to the first Feuillant government in 1811.
4 François de Mydroll
(1741–1829)
Rep for Ascard
8 August 1811 1 August 1816 1820 Ft 1811
François de Mydroll was the first Feuillant Prime Minister to take office. Mydroll had been a member of the nobility before the revolution, however was stripped of his titles due to his support of the Protectorate. Mydroll benefited significantly from the falling popularity of the Chartists and the decline of the anti-democracy stigma attached to the Feuillants. Mydroll also presided over the death of Philippe V and the accession of Luix XI in 1815. Whilst Mydroll and the Feuillants was able to win the 1811 election, the Chartists regained a majority in 1816, ousting the government.

Prime Ministers under Louis XI

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Elected
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days
5 Evaristo Pérez de Castro.jpg Henri Diluns
(1759–1848)
Rep for Roúk
1 August 1816 8 August 1822 1468 Ch 1816
Diluns rose to the position of Prime Minister following the Chartist victory in the 1816 election. Diluns did much to centralise the administration of the Chartist grouping, creating a policy discussion forum to produce a Chartist manifesto. Such reforms layed the groundwork for the development of the Liberal Party around thirty years later. Diluns' administration was notable for its role in the Midrasian expansion in Majula and in finally stabilising the situation in Midrasia's Rennekkan colonies. Despite this, the Chartists remained divided over the issue of religious toleration, a weakness which was exploited by the Feuillants in the 1822 election, who won with the aid of pro-Alydian defectors from the Chartists.
6 Talleyrand 01.jpg Giuseppe Benedormo
(1747–1839)
Rep for Almiaro
8 August 1822 4 March 1829 2400 Ft 1822
Benedormo was the first Feuillant Prime Minister to win two consecutive elections, in 1822 and 1826 respectively. Benedormo's tenure saw Midrasia engage in a period of aggressive Naval buildup and overseas expansion in an attempt to counter the growing influence of tir Lhaeraidd. Benedormo also oversaw the Crisis of succession in 1824 following the death of Luix XI and was a major advocate for Luix's niece Aliénor to succeed to the throne. Benedormo stepped down in 1829 after serving two terms, he was succeeded by his brother-in-law Philippe d'Ansard.

Prime Ministers under Eleanor I

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Elected
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days
7 MartinezRosa-1-.jpg Philippe d'Ansard
(1760–1855)
Rep for Lorient
4 March 1829 25 August 1836 2731 Ft 1831
Philippe d'Ansard succeeded Benedormo in 1829 and was the first Prime minister to serve solely under Queen Eleanor. Despite coming to the position in April 1829, Ansard did not call an election until two years later, which the Feuillants won, ableit with a reduced majority. Ansard's tenure as Prime Minister saw Midrasia adopt an increasingly protectionist stance towards trade, with the Kingdom also limiting its involvement in Asuran affairs. The popularity of Ansard's Feuillants began to decline however, leading the Chartists to win the 1836 election.
8 Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg Jauffre de Vries
(1774–1851)
Rep for Bastogne
25 August 1836 6 August 1840 1442 Ch 1836
Jaffre de Vries succeeded Ansard after the Chartist victory in the 1836 election. Under de Vries Midrasia officially abolished the practice of slavery both at home and in the colonies. Furthermore, Midrasia began its first short-lived military campaign against the Sudinese Empire in aid of the East-Arabekh Company. The inability of the Majulan colonies to win the war, in addition to increasingly divisive tensions within the Chartist faction over the 1840 manifesto saw the party lose the following election.
9 José María Queipo de Llano, conde de Toreno (Museo del Prado).jpg Antoine d'Erimar
(1799–1878)
Rep for Mydroll
6 August 1840 18 August 1844 1473 Ft 1840
Antoine d'Erimar led the Feuillants to a slim victory in the 1840 election. Erimar's first term as Prime Minister was mostly focused on Majulan affairs, with the government dissolving the East-Arabekh company and crowning Eleanor as Empress of Majula. Throughout his political career Erimar was renowned for his long running political rivalry with Emmanuel Arlon, which began in 1841 when Arlon became leader of the Chartists. The Feuillants lost the following election, prompting the faction to reform into the Conservative Party several years later, retaining Erimar as leader.
10 LouisDecazes.jpg Emmanuel Arlon
(1798–1882)
Rep for Ile de Louvre
18 August 1844 6 August 1846 718 Ch 1844
Arlon's first term as Prime Minister saw him lead a divided Chartist faction through only two years of governance, until it lost its majority due to an internal split, with many members defecting to the newly formed Conservative Party. Throughout his tenure, Midrasia signed a treaty of friendship with Lhedwin and forcibly opened Terncan markets to western trade. A motion of no-confidence in Arlon was passed in 1846, forcing an election which was handily won by the Conservatives. The defeat led the Chartists to reform into the Liberal Party, retaining Arlon as leader due to his popularity with remaining party MPs.
11 José María Queipo de Llano, conde de Toreno (Museo del Prado).jpg Antoine d'Erimar
(1799–1878)
Rep for Mydroll
6 August 1846 16 August 1855 3297 Con 1846
Erimar's second term as Prime Minister saw the Conservative party win a landslide majority in 1846, and win a second election in 1850. Under Erimar, the Conservative Party expanded the voter franchise to include all males over the age of 21. The party also introduced a number of reforms aimed at improving factory working standards and eliminating rotten boroughs from future elections. Despite such reforms being overwhelmingly popular with the public, this was not the case within the Conservative party, with a sizeable minority opposing such legislation. This issue was exacerbated following the reduced majority the party gained in 1850. By 1855 the party had lost its majority, with disgruntled MPs forcing Erimar from his position as leader.
12 LouisDecazes.jpg Emmanuel Arlon
(1798–1882)
Rep for Fidanza
16 August 1855 23 August 1866 4025 Ch 1855
Arlon's second term as Prime Minister proved far more successful than his first, with the Liberal Party gaining a significant majority the Assembly. The Liberal Party oversaw a period of considerable overseas expansion for Midrasia's colonial empire, with a decisive victory over the Sudinese Empire in Majula and the country embarking on its colonisation of south-east Arabekh. The party was able to win re-election in 1860, albeit with a reduced majority, with Arlon's political experience and popularity with voters proving integral to the party's success. The Liberal Party for the most part took a laissez-faire approach to governance, with the party reluctant to involve the state in what it viewed as private affairs. The Liberals ultimately lost the 1866 election to the Conservatives.
13 Camillo Benso Cavour di Ciseri.jpg Georges Vasquen
(1818–1887)
Rep for Elsouf Oest
23 August 1866 17 August 1871 2550 Con 1866
Georges Vasquen was the first true 'commoner' to be elected as leader of the Conservative Party, leading the party to victory in the 1866 election. Despite considerable success in terms of economic and political policy towards the beginning of their term, the Vasquen government was mostly defined by the Mydro-Veleazan war, for which Midrasia proved unprepared and isolated, leading to a humiliating defeat in 1869. The final years of Vasquen's term were taken up quelling rebellion in the aftermath of the war and meeting the terms of the peace agreement. As a result, the Vasquen government was thrown out of office by the electorate when an election was called in 1871.
14 LouisDecazes.jpg Emmanuel Arlon
(1798–1882)
Rep for Fidanza
17 August 1871 5 April 1874 962 Ch 1871
Arlon returned to office in 1871 to serve his final term as Prime Minister, whilst mostly brought to power on the back of the unpopularity of the Conservative Party after the war, Arlon continued to approach the classical liberal non-interventionist approach that had defined the Liberal party, alienating many of his supporters. Despite this, under his tenure Midrasia engaged with alliance discussions with tir Lhaeraidd, Lhedwin and Ohen. The ageing Arlon eventually resigned from office in 1874 citing his old age, he was replaced by Pascal Reverdin.
15 Waldeck-Rousseau (Nadar).jpg Pascal Reverdin
(1820–1904)
Rep for Aimes
5 April 1874 19 August 1875 501 Ch
At 501 days in office, Pascal Reverdin is Midrasia's second shortest serving Prime Minister. Reverdin became Prime Minister after the resignation of Arlon in 1874. Reverdin attempted to change course from Arlon's minimal state approach, in an attempt to rebuild the country following the Mydro-Veleazan War. Despite this, the popularity of the Liberal Party continued to fade and the party was forced from office in 1875 after the election saw the Conservatives win an outright majority.
16 Sidney sonnino.jpg Thierry d'Arondelle
(1814–1898)
Rep for Vabre
19 August 1875 7 September 1884 3307 Con 1875
Thierry d'Arondelle rose to the position of Prime Minister following the Conservative Party's victory in the 1875 election. Elected on a mandate to revitalise the Midrasian economy, rebuild infrastructure still damaged from the war and expand the military, the Conservative Party wasted no time in implementing their legislative agenda. Military Service for those of eligible age was introduced and huge sums of money were poured into the creation of a number of military academies in an attempt to professionalise the Officer corps. Whilst the Conservatives won re-election in 1879, they were narrowly beaten by the Liberals in 1884.
17 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, de Christian Franzen (cropped).jpg Luix Alphonse
(1839–1915)
Rep for Estport
2 September 1884 7 September 1889 1831 Ch 1880
Luix Alphonse was elected Prime Minister in 1884 for the Liberal Party. Running under the electoral label of the 'Reformed Liberal Party', Alphonse sought to distance himself from the minimal state attitudes of the Arlon administration. Under Alphonse Midrasia greatly reinforced the Mydro-Veleazan border by expanding the network of fortifications throughout the region. Furthermore, the Kingdom, with the aid of its Protectorate Tarasanovia, consolidated its holdings in southern Majula through victory in the Najueet War. Despite the successes of the party, it was defeated in 1889 by Joseph Peugeot's Conservative-Revanchist coalition.
18 Picture of Joseph Chamberlain.jpg Joseph Peugeot
(1835–1901)
Rep for Monza
7 September 1889 31 August 1893 1454 Con 1889
Joseph Peugeot was elected as Midrasian PM following the 1889 election. Despite the Conservative Party winning an outright majority, Peugeot chose to bring the Revanchist Party into his government as a display of his commitment to overturning the result of the Mydro-Veleazan War. Under Peugeot, Midrasia pursued a much more jingoistic foreign policy, aimed at provoking Veleaz into a settlement over the territories of Alzur and the Limon. Furthermore, Midrasia signed a treaty of alliance with tir Lhaeraidd and Rosskava, surrounding Veleaz and its ally Oserland. Despite Peugeot's successful tenure as PM he suffered a stroke in early 1893 which impaired his mental ability. He resigned shortly after, unable to adequately perform his official duties.

Prime Ministers under Charles IV

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Elected
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days
19 Luix de Batonville
(1839–1912)
Rep for Avadin
31 August 1893 8 February 1900 2291 PC 1893
Luix de Batonville was Midrasian Prime minister from 1893 to 1900 and served as the country's leader throughout the Great War as part of the National Government. Batonville's government before the war was characterised by its aggressive military spending and posturing throughout Asura. The government was also notable for its protectionist economic outlook, attempting to limit trade with nations such as Veleaz, Oserland and Ohen. Throughout the war Batonville served as Prime Minister in the national government and played an important role in the beginning of peace negotiations in 1899 and 1900. Despite this Batonville's government was soundly defeated in the 1900 election.
20 Jean-Paul Birou
(1851–1925)
Rep for Ardougne Est
8 February 1900 16 September 1909 3507 Ch 1900
Jean-Paul Birou was the last Liberal Prime Minister of Midrasia and the first Prime Minister of the post-war period. Birou was elected following the conclusion of the Great War and campaigned to introduce a number of sweeping reforms aimed at a nationwide recovery. Dubbed the 'fair deal', the program aimed to rehabilitate soldiers into civilian life, provide for the beginnings of the Midrasian welfare state and increasing productivity within the devastated country. After a shock landslide defeat in 1909, the Liberal Party would never again recover its former position in Midrasian politics.
21 Luix de Paris
(1843–1918)
Rep for Paris
16 September 1909 4 April 1917 2757 PC 1909
Luix de Paris was the first post-war Conservative Prime Minister, elected in 1909. Whilst Paris had spent most of his political career in the Noble Assembly, he abdicated from his aristocratic titles in 1901 in order to join the Public Assembly and run for Prime Minister. As leader of the Conservatives, Paris took the party to two consecutive election victories. Under the Prime Minister, the government instituted a number of reforms aimed at responding to the Liberal post-war deal, hoping to return to a protectionist trade policy and a hawkish foreign policy in Asura. Paris resigned in 1917 due to health concerns and died only a year later in 1918.
22 MYDRiquarde.png Henri de Riquarde
(1858–1937)
Rep for Oyonnax
4 April 1917 9 September 1920 1254 PC
Henri de Riquarde acceded to the role of Prime Minister following the resignation of Luix de Paris in 1917. Whilst Riquarde's government began strong, continuing the reforms of his predecessor and overseeing Midrasia's continued recovery from the Great War, the first post-war recession of 1919 put a damper in Riquarde's efforts. The failing economic situation would ultimately lead to infighting within the Conservative party, and the election of the PSD-Liberal Pact to government in 1920. In spite of this, Riquarde would retain his role as party leader.
23 Philippe Lavange
(1852–1931)
Rep for Oestbourg
9 September 1920 12 September 1924 1464 PSD 1922
Philippe Lavange was the first ever Social Democratic Prime Minister to be elected in Midrasia. Despite this, Lavange governed in coalition with the Liberals and had a troubled tenure as Prime Minister. With the post-war economic recovery flat-lining and a number of disputes with the Liberals, Lavange was unable to achieve much through his time in government. The coalition agreement effectively collapsed in 1923 and Lavange was forced to effectively govern as a minority throughout his final year in office.

Prime Ministers under Henri VII

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Elected
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days
24 MYDRiquarde.png Henri de Riquarde
(1858–1937)
Rep for Oyonnax
12 September 1924 9 September 1927 1092 PC 1924
De Riquarde's second term as Prime Minister of Midrasia came about following the 1924 election and the defeat of the PSD-Liberal Pact. The Riquarde administration had a majority of 26, however internal divisions within the party over future policy ensured that the government was unable to truly fulfil its policy agenda. This, in addition to the stagnating Midrasian economy and colonial revolts oversees ensured that the ageing Riquarde lost the support of his party and was defeating in a no-confidence motion in 1927 after which he resigned. The snap-election which followed saw the PSD-Liberal Pact emerge victorious over the Conservatives.
25 MYDBerthou.png Erwann Berthou
(1874–1939)
Rep for Hellingbourg Oest
9 September 1927 4 May 1937 3525 PSD 1927
Berthou was the first Social Democrat Prime Minister in Midrasian history to serve consecutive terms and the only Midrasian Prime Minister from Vaellenia. Berthou's government was renowned for its role in the expansion of the Midrasian welfare state and the creation of the Midrasian Health Service. However, the inability of the Berthou government to quell the Bloody Month ensured his party's popularity plummeted, leading to his eventual resignation in May 1937. Two years after his resignation, Berthou was assassinated by right-wing extremists. He received a full state funeral following his death.
26 MYDRechaud.png Thierry Rechaud
(1868–1957)
Rep for Wincaestre
4 May 1937 10 September 1937 126 PSD
Holding the office of Prime Minister for only 126 days following the resignation of Erwann Berthou, Thierry Rechaud is the shortest serving Midrasian Prime Minister in history. Rechaud faced a divided party and country upon his accession and was unable to command the authority of parliament to quell the situation in the country. Rechaud ultimately lost a vote of no-confidence in 1937 leading to a snap election. Rechaud's attempts to grant amnesty to some rebels during the Bloody Month only worsened his party's standing in the polls, leading to the landslide victory of the National Coalition.
27 MDRCapet.jpg François Capet
(1864–1951)
Rep for Quai du Roix
10 September 1937 30 November 1951 5194 CN 1937
François Capet was a former General notable for his role in the later stages of the Great War. Capet was notable for commanding the largest ever Parliamentary majority in Midrasian history following the 1937 election with 333 seats. Under the former generals tenure, Midrasia enacted a number of harsh anti-communist policies aimed at restoring stability following the Bloody Month. The Committee for the Defence of the Realm was notable for its persecution of dissident leftists, journalists and politicians. Capet is also notable for his lasting role in defining Midrasian foreign policy; policies which for the most part, remain in place today.

Prime Ministers under Louis XII

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Elected
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days
28 Maxence.png Philippe Maxence
(1902–1969)
Rep for Châteauloup
31 November 1951 7 September 1956 1743 CN
Philippe Maxence became Prime Minister following the death of François Capet in 1951. Although the National Coalition was still wildly popular in 1951, the party's popularity began to wane fast throughout Maxence's tenure as leader. Changing public attitudes, a poor economic outlook, as well as internal party divisions ultimately led to a schism within the party and its defeat in the 1956 elections.
29 Magull.png Patrice Magull
(1899–1981)
Rep for Mydroll Nord
7 September 1956 15 January 1969 4513 PSD 1956
Patrice Magull holds the record for the longest service Social Democratic Prime Minister in Midrasian history. Although Magull was initially only able to form a coalition government in 1956, the PSD soon gained an outright majority in the 1961 election. Under Magull, Midrasia initiated a number of welfare and educational reforms, including the opening of numerous further-education polytechnic colleges and universities across the nation. The period also saw considerable infrastructural investment, such as the expansion of the highways network. Magull resigned in 1969 after his party failed to secure an outright majority in the 1968 election.
30 MYDJupe.png Marine Jupe
(1919–1991)
Rep for Nanoned
15 January 1969 7 September 1973 1696 PSD
Marine Jupe was the first female Midrasian Prime Minister, succeeding Patrice Magull following his resignation in 1969. Jupe's Premiership is notable for being a minority government, accounting for its lack of significant legislation. Despite this, the government was able to secure supply-and-demand support from the Liberals and UDA for certain reforms, such as the Alzur Settlement Act of 1972. Jupe's party ultimately suffered a landslide defeat at the hands of the UDA in 1973.
31 MYDBourgogne.png François Bourgogne
(1927-2009)
Rep for Paris
7 September 1973 4 April 1988 5323 PC 1973
François Bourgogne holds the record for the longest serving Midrasian Prime Minister following the Great War. Bourgogne's Premiership saw the implementation of various neo-liberal economic reforms such as the sale of government assets and deregulation of Midrasian industry. Under the Bourgogne government, the Midrasian economy underwent considerable growth and expansion. The Bourgogne model remains the economic bulwark of the Midrasian economy to this day. The Bourgogne government also saw Midrasia's involvement in the ASU Civil War in 1977, playing a key role in the downfall of the Aeian Socialist Union and Communism as a whole.
32 Portucale.png Jean Portucale
(1932-2017)
Rep for Neufgard
4 April 1988 9 September 1994 2349 PC 1990
The Portucale government saw considerable continuation from its predecessor, such as the privatisation of Midrasia's railway network. The Portucale government also saw Midrasia enter somewhat of a rapprochement with its neighbour Veleaz, leading to the handover of the Alzur Isles in 1991. However, the return of violence on the island led to a further souring of relations, which the Portucale government was partly to blame for. In 1994 Portucale's party was defeated by the Social Democrats for the first time in 26 years.
33 Pegrant.png Manuel Pegrant
(1944–)
Rep for Port d'Argois
9 September 1994 10 September 2002 2923 PSD 1994
Manuel Pegrant was the first Social Democrat Prime Minister since Marine Jupe in 1973. Despite its slim majority, the Pegrant government made significant progress in domestic and local government reform. Under Pegrant, the devolved Vaellenian government was created, along with the creation of an appointed Senate. The Pegrant government was eventually brought down following a sex scandal involving the Prime Minister. Although Pegrant denied all allegations, it was insufficient to prevent a UDA election victory in 2002.
34 Lagarde, Christine (official portrait 2011) (cropped).jpg Julia le Bonn
(1949–)
Rep for Piemonte Sud
10 September 2002 4 May 2007 3158 PC 2002
Julia le Bonn was the second female Prime Minister of Midrasia, and the first from the UDA. The le Bonn government saw a return to the neoliberal economics of the Bourgogne era, however with a much more relaxed social policy. Under the le Bonn government, civil partnerships were legalised within Midrasia and social care expanded to include a number of mental conditions. The le Bonn government also saw greater ties established between Midrasia's neighbours, paving the way for the creation of the Asuran Community in 2016. Le Bonn resigned in 2007 after winning 3 consecutive elections.
35 Ranieri.png Mylos Ranieri
(1956–)
Rep for Château Thierry
4 May 2007 13 September 2013 863 PC 2009
Mylos Ranieri was the first foreign born Prime Minister of Midrasia, having being born in Onza, albeit to a Lombard family. Under Ranieri the UDA oversaw a transition to a more centrist economic position, abandoning some of the more right-wing economic policies in favour of greater government involvement in the economy. The Ranieri government was able to retain its position in government following the 2009 election, with a slim majority of 2. Despite this, the party's popularity was beginning to wane following many years of successive rule, leading to its defeat in the 2013 election.
36 Charles Vauban.jpg Charles Vauban
(1958–)
Rep for Sidona
13 September 2013 15 September 2017 1463 PSD 2013
Vauban was appointed Prime minister the day following the 2013 election after negotiations were concluded between the Social Democrats and Liberals to form a coalition government. Under Vauban's leadership, the Electoral Reform Act of 2014 was passed introducing the Mixed-member-proportional voting system. Under the Vauban government Midrasia officially intervened against Johka as part of the Johkan War. In May 2017 Vauban came under under investigation by Parliament for abuse of power regarding the arrest of several members of the hacker group Incognito. He resigned going into the 2017 election.

Prime Ministers under Eleanor II

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Elected
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days
37 MelcionPortas.png Melcion Portas
(1964–)
Rep for Benedormo
15 September 2017 incumbent 31 AP 2017
Melcion Portas was the first Prime Minister to be appointed during the reign of Eleanor II. He was also the first Prime Minister to govern the country since 1955, not representing either the Social Democrats of Alydian Democratic Union. The beginning of Portas' time as Prime Minister was marked by the ongoing civil war in Rhuritania and the Midrasian response to the ongoing refugee crisis. Portas' government was immediately notable for its pledges to overhaul the country's laws on LGBT rights and promising to increase governmental transparency.