President of Pavonistade
|President of Pavonistade|
Flag of the Pavonistadian Provinces
|Term length||Four years|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of the Pavonistadian Provinces (current)|
January 1, 1906
The President of Pavonistade is the head of state and government of Pavonistade. The President is the executive of the Pavonistadian Government, the commander-in-chief of the Pavonistadian Military, and the supreme commander of the country's WMD arsenal. The fundamentals for the President are highlighted in the Constitution of the Pavonistadian Provinces.
The position was created after the Directorate of Pavonistade was abolished and replaced with the Pavonistadian Provinces, which had a democratic system compared to the oligarchic counterpart of the latter. The President is selected through compulsory elections that are held every four years, and may hold the position for a maximum of three consecutive terms (twelve years).
The prerequisites in which one must meet in order to become a presidential candidate or President are not highlighted by the Constitution. They are highlighted by the Pavonistade Elections Act. Under the act, one:
- must have Pavonistadian citizenship
- must be at least 35 years of age
- must be proficient in Pavon
- must not have committed significant wrongdoing or felonies, such as murder
General elections are held every four years and they follow a first-past-the-post system. In Pavonistadian elections, the President and Members of Parliament are elected. A presidential candidate may have up to three 4-year terms unless they have succeeded a previous president during their term (e.g. Eric Oppenheim), in which case they may only be eligible for two subsequent 4-year terms. Presidents who succeeded after their predecessors were impeached (e.g. Marcus Noem) will still be eligible for three terms.
One year prior to a general election the Pavonistadian Presidential Electoral Commission or simply the Electoral Commission is assembled. Two months after the assembly, the commission is readied for operation and would begin reviewing and accepting presidential candidates. The commissionary process is usually not applied for the incumbent President of Pavonistade if they seek re-election. Accepted candidates would eventually participate in their respective parties' leadership conventions (Pavonistade does not have the same preliminary processes as other democracies), where one candidate is selected as the party presidential candidate. Independent candidates undergo a separate review process.
70 days before the election, the campaign period would commence. Pavonistadian campaigns can be both privately- and publicly-funded. Similar to other democratic countries, candidates have a range of tactics to further their campaigns such as making election promises. As the general election approaches, campaigning efforts increase. They are to officially halt when an election commences.
Results of an election are tallied and released by the Electoral Commission, exactly or almost exactly one day after the conclusion of voting. This is to be consistent with a tradition dating back to the Serpd era. The candidate of the party that wins the most electoral districts becomes president.
A candidate is inaugurated as President one month after the conclusion of a general election, alongside with the conclusion of government dissolution and reshuffle. The President is to swear an oath before immediately being sworn into office.
I, [name], the newly-selected President of the Pavonistadian Provinces, shall swear to the most and very solemn extent that I will defend the constitution and people of the country for which I will serve. I shall execute the paramount task of overseeing the Pavonistadian Provinces and maintaining the independence, sovereignty, and unity that all citizens deserve.
Powers and duties
The fundamental powers of the President are established by the Constitution, and subsequent legislation elaborated on the holder's powers and limits.
As with other Members of Parliament, the President is allowed to introduce a bill, an amendment of an existing law, and an amendment of the Constitution (which also requires a nationwide referendum). However, a bill or law can be immediately nullified by the President if enough reasonable justification is given for such a move.
All bills or proposals are to be processed by the President after passage in the Parliament. The President many choose to sign them into effect, veto them, or allow them to die after five days passed. The President may also declare the length of a "grace period" before the signed proposal comes into effect, if it has not been defined in the proposal. A President's veto, while previously undefeatable, may now be overridden by a two-thirds majority in the Parliament.
The President is required to uphold all laws, although this mandate is not mentioned in the Presidential Oath because it takes note mainly on the Constitution.
The President is tasked with presiding over the Pavonistadian Military, strategic activities, and strategic assets of the country. He or she has access to the WMD arsenal of Pavonistade. With specialized activation can weapons of mass destruction be launched or activated, or can the MD briefcase be used. The President is allowed to declare war on a country and reserve resources for a conflict, although this will require approval from the Parliament and the War Committee. The declaration of a state of emergency is much less regulated; the President is able to declare so without any prior approval from the Parliament or other government bodies.
A difference between the Pavonistadian executive and those in other democracies is the availability of the pre-emptive promulgation, which effectively assures executive approval of a bill before passage in the Parliament; thus, upon passage of a bill in Parliament, it may come into force immediately. A pre-emptive promulgation is not completely identical to an executive order, another initiative available to the President. The President is also distinguished in that while they may be subject to a motion of no confidence, any such motions are symbolic and are not legally-binding.
The President appoints all judges, including the Chief Justice, for service in the Supreme Court and the Judicial Branch of the Pavonistadian Government. He or she also appoints all judges to serve in the Court of Appeals, and reserves the right to dismiss and replace any judges. Such changes do not require Parliamental approval, although advice from the Presidential Adviser or the Vice President is to be input on the selection of judges and modifications of the membership.
The President is the representative of the Pavonistadian Provinces in international events. Awards such as the Order of Pavonistade may be presented by the President to those that have demonstrated exceptional qualities or have been engaged in exceptional service. In cases where it is allowed, the President may present awards of international events to participants (primarily Pavonistadian participants).
Pay and official residences
The annual salary of the President is $325,000. Unlike some other countries, a modification in annual salary may be completed by the President. This privilege is barred exactly one year before a general election.
The official residence (and workplace) of the President is the Presidential Palace. The palace was formerly Mayor's Hall, which was occupied by the former Directorate. The residence also grants the President access to allocated assets and services such as medical teams and catering. The President tends to have his or her own private residence that may lie within or beyond Pavonistadeck, and he or she may visit such a place during a set presidential vacation.