Premier (Radiatia)

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State Premiers by political party as of LET 44

Key:
In the Radiatian Federation, the title of Premier (Radiatian: Pr'imija) refers to the political and ceremonial head of each of the 37 states. In some states, though not all, the Premier also serves as the head of government.

Prior to the constitutional reforms of LET 43, the Premiers of each state also sat on the Federal Council.

Role and powers

The Radiatian Federation is made up of 37 semi-sovereign states and republics, with each state retaining those powers not granted to the federal government by the constitution. Unlike other federal republics in Noctur, such as Crata, Aazeronia and ArghNeedAName, the Radiatian states are not provinces or subdivisions of the federal government, but are relatively powerful entities with their own constitutions, internal governments and criminal codes. Most states also have their own official languages.

The Premier of each state is usually the head of that state's executive branch. The roles of Premiers differ from state to state due to the differing systems of government in various states.

For example, the state of Radia has a parliamentary system of government, in which the Premier serves as Head of State, and invests legislative power in the State Cabinet, with a First Minister who acts as Head of Government.

Conversely, the state of Drachensgard has a Presidential system of government, wherein the Premier is both head of state and head of government and exercises veto power over an independent legislative branch.

Most premiers hold veto power over state legislation, and are the commanders-in-chief of their State Armies when not federalised. Premiers also have the power to pardon or commute criminal sentences. States with the death penalty all require approval from the Premier of that state in order to perform an execution.

In all states, pursuant to the constitution, Premiers are directly elected every four years, usually during the mid-term elections. Some states hold their Premierial elections on odd-numbered years, while the constitution prohibits states from holding elections on the same year as a federal or Presidential election.

History

During the RPSU era, the heads of states were called Chancellors, in line with the hierarchical structure which saw Chancellors directly subordinate to the Grand Chancellor, who was in turn subordinate to the Supreme Chancellor.

Chancellors were the Heads of State and sometimes Heads of Government of the republics before the unification of Radiatia and remained so even during the fascist interregnum.

Chancellors have always been democratically elected, even during the days of fascism and communism. Following the fall of communism, the title "Chancellor" (Radiatian: Shanzlür) was changed to "Premier" (Pr'imija) due to the word Shanzlür having connotations with communism in Radiatia.

Demographics

Party

As of LET 44, there are 20 Liberal-Conservative Premiers and 17 Social Democratic Premiers.

Tenure

The longest serving Premier was Samuel Negasi of Chongluntz who served four terms since he was elected in LET 28. He finally ended his term in LET 44 when he was elected as Vice President of the Radiatian Federation.

Since LET 43, Premiers have term limits and may not be elected more than twice.

Sex

There are currently 30 Male and 7 Female Premiers.

Initially there were barriers to women serving as Premier in certain states, particularly central states. However constitutional amendments have granted women both universal suffrage and the right to run for public office, and have barred states from denying women such rights.

The first female Premier was Roe Marimotu of the State of Mus.

Race and Ethnicity

The majority of State Premiers are either Traditional Radiatian or White Radiatian. There are three Yellow Radiatian premiers and two Red Radiatian Premiers.

Birthplace

Currently there are no states with Premiers born outside of that state. 23 states have constitutional clauses requiring Premiers to be natural-born citizens, while the rest usually have clauses regarding the length of time one must have been a resident or citizen of that state before they can run for Premier.

Salary

The constitution stipulates that State Premiers are entitled to an annual salary of 400,000 Tsenyens per year, which can be adjusted according to inflation.

So far no such adjustment has been made. The salary is usually paid out of the state government finances, although there has been debate in the past regarding the apparent implication in the constitution that the federal government should pay this salary.

The Supreme Court ruled in LET 33 that state governments, and not the federal government, were responsible for remunerating their Premiers.