Nordania

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Nordania
Artisia.png
Clockwise from top, Sjealandian coastline, Classical trading-city from Western Nordania, Oelian mountains, Fjallandic Fjord
Area25,350,000 km2
PopulationTBA
DensityTBA
Countries and territories
Languages and language familiesAucurian, Atlian, Ellangh, English, German, Swedish, Fjallandic, Norwegian/Tynlandic, Danish/West Tynlandic, Azawarecha, Nahuatl, Moltotian, Vjaarlandic, Crethian, Nevan, Oelian, Greek, Illyrian, Wosracan
Nominal GDPTBA
GDP per capitaTBA
Time zonesST-10 to UTC -1
Capital cities
Other major cities

Nordania is a major continent in Western Esquarium, located in the northern hemisphere. Nordania is bordered to the north by the Northern Sea and Central Ocean, and to the south by Conitia. Much of Nordania is surrounded by the Great Ocean. The border with Conitia is a socio-political construct made to distinguish the more powerful Teutonic maritime empires of Nordania from the Latin states of Conitia.

Nordania covers about 25,350,000 km2 which is approximately 4.7% of Esquarium's surface. Politically, Nordania is divided into 24 Nation-states as well as one semi-recognised state, of which the Commune of Alemannia is the largest. Most of Northern Nordania is linguistically and culturally similar as Nordanian, Nevanic and Conitian nations cluster together. This has resulted in many multi-ethnic empires arising in continental history, most notably (both are dead). In 2015 Nordania had a total population of DUDES, which ranks it as the NUMBER most populated continent on Esquarium.

The northern areas of the continent are characterised by a temperate climate, affected by the warm currents of the Great Ocean. The climate gradually grows warmer further south towards southern Nordania and northern Conitia, becoming a subtropical climate characterized by mild warm weather with calm seas and wide forests stretching from Korizland to Karazawa. Such conditions reach as far as the vast mountains of the Cirdian Plateau. Northern Nordania is subject to the Djævlebarnet-Northern Oscillation, an irregularly periodical variation in winds and sea surface temperatures over the Great Ocean resulting in periodical heavy storms and floods of western Nordania.

Nordania was the birthplace of Northern Civilization. The migration of the Nordanians from their Urheimat in modern day Lersekt marked the beginning of ancient Nordanian history as these people displaced the native Nevanic peoples and established dominance over much of north-western Nordania. The 1100s marked the Gilded Times of Nordania as trade with Tuthina, brought by Sjealandian traders after the First Tuthinan Expedition brought untold amounts of wealth and prosperity to the northern and western parts of the continent. The rise of Cirdia as a dominant part of southern Nordania also brought prosperity to southern Nordania, due to intercultural trade with Velkia, Conitia, Tuthina, and Nautasia. This period also brought contact with most of the outside world, most notably the nations of Conitia, which began an inter-continental trade of ideas, culture and people with Nordania. The aftermath of the Nordanian Religious Wars saw the spread of the Enlightenment. From the 1700s onwards the continent gained economic and military dominance over much of the Western and south-eastern regions of the world as Vjaarland's victory in the Vjaaro-Sjealandian Wars brought the Vjaarlandic Empire to colonize large amounts of Nautasia alongside powers like Ainin. At this point Nordanian nations held undisputed control over the Great Ocean.

From the 1860s onwards the continent entered a long period of decline as the Volatile Century descended on the world. Starting with the Independence Revolution of Fjalland, more than 13 conflicts plagued the continent, most notably the Continental War from 1917 to 1923 which killed over 3 million people. The period of decline ended in the 1980's as the Fjølden War became the last large-scale conflict on the continent. However tensions still exist, most notably between Vjaarland and both Teutonia and the Internationale, as well as with Tynland and the breakaway republic of West Tynland.

Nordania is not home to any major regional alliances or blocs, the only notable ones being Nordanian pacts such as NOSDO and the Nordanian League. Nordania is home to two large international groups, these being NOSDO and the Nordanian League.

Name

Skaði by Wilhelm Hochbär, 1876.

In the Nordic pantheon, the god Njörðr or Njord, was seen as the prime god of the sea. As such the Proto-Nordanians who inhabited the coastal areas of modern day Lersekt viewed him as an important god in their pantheon, using the Moon (Aurorum) which they called Skaði to guide them on their journeys. With their migrations into Nevanic Nordania, these people spread their language, religion and identity, establishing rulership over the northern third of the continent. Because of this their firm belief in the god Njörðr, gradually caused the Proto-Nordanians to call the land Njörðrländr. This remains the ancestor to the current Germanic names for Nordania, which the international community has adopted as the name of the continent.

In southern Nordania, the Karazawi people of Echeri peninsula developed the belief that the rest of the world was inhabited by barbarians, as they had experienced multiple incursions into their homeland after the first succesful establishment of proto-states in modern day Karazawa. This resulted in the areas around Karazawa being labelled as Parukta or Land of the Barbarian. In modern day Karazawa, while the name Nordania is known and taught, the official name of the continent still remains Parukta. The neighbouring realm of Cirdia, sheltered by its massive plateau and mountains viewed the neighbouring states as foreign, nicknaming them Laed Numontea or Land beyond the Peaks.

CELTIC NAME? ADD HERE

Nordania and Conitia

TO_DO

Efforts to change the definition

Pan-Nordanian nationalism

History

Pre-history

Age of migrations

Expulsion of the Nevanic Peoples

Age of the ancients

Age of the State

Gilded age

Age of Expansion

Imperial age

Dark age

Modern age

Geography

Nordania is the largest continent of Esquarium, narrowly beating Velkia but remaining smaller than Velkia and Borea together. The continent has the largest ratio of coast to landmass due to to various bays, peninsulas and the Tynic Sea, considered to be Esquarium's largest inland sea. Its maritime borders involve the Great Ocean to its north, west and south; Central Ocean to its east; and the Hyperborean Ocean to the north. Northern Nordania is generally mountainous as the Hyperborean plate pushes into the Hyperborean plate, creating folds ranging from Alemannia to Tynland, Holstein and Sjealand, this has also caused the creation of the Nordanian mountains, which cover most of northernmost Nordania from Fjalland to Arkiasis, in the last ice age and because of the heavy tectonic activity in that area, this region of Nordania is famous for it's deep fjords.

This mountainous area gradually decreases until it hits the Tynic Sea. Southwestern Nordania is also heavily mountainous as it is mostly covered by the Cirdian Plateau. The plateau was uplifted by tectonic activity. This, combined with erosion from the sea and weather, has created narrow mountain valleys across all of Cirdia and southwestern Nordania in general. Central Nordania, extending into Conitia and Karazawa, is a generally flatter region characterized by the South Nordanian Savannah and the Central Nordanian Plain. As a result both southern and northern Nordanian is generally higher and more mountainous, with the middle of the continent being flatter and more fertile. The border with Conitia is defined as the Saros Mountains, which cover most of Fillimons and Caneja

Nordania can be divided into multiple sub-regions. They include the nations surrounding the Tynic Sea, the states of the former Vjaarlandic Empire, the celtic nations on the western parts of the Váli Peninsula, the Nevan holdouts in the Nordanian mountains, the jungles, mountains and forests of the Erechi Peninsula and ADD YOUR SUBREGIONS.

Climate

Northern Nordania lies mainly in the temperate climate zones, experiencing warm summers and mild-to-cold winters. It experiences almost no growth of ice in the winter and as a result the majority of its ports are warm water ports However the northernmost parts of the continent, almost touch the Hyperborean circle and are relatively insulated by the Nordanian mountains. As a result this area is significantly colder than the rest of the Váli Peninsula. Compared to similar regions in Velkia, the Nordanian weather is much warmer and milder owing to the gulf-streams running across the Great Ocean and the Central Ocean. However these oceanic currents have the side effect of warming local winds, which merge with colder Hyperborean, creating harsh winter storms which occasionally ravage western Nordania. This often causes severe floodings in the lower central-western coast.

Southern Nordania lies in the sub-tropical climate zones, creating a relatively-dry summer climate, which according to the Köppen climate classification can be divided into "hot dry-summer" climates (Csa) and "cool dry-summer" climates (Csb). Hot dry-summer climates are generally experienced west of Karazawa while cool dry-summer climates are generally experienced around Cirdia and Aucuria. Southern Nordania, by the Saros Mountains, is home to Nordania's largest rainforests, the NAME. South Nordania is warm and well-suited to plants like cypress, figs, olives, lavender and grapes. This climate allows parts of southern Nordania to develop a world-famous wine-culture, with hotspots located in Ordennya.

Geology

I know Jack-shit about Geology, can someone else write this?-Sjealand

Flora

Millenia of human interaction have resulted in most of Nordania's plant life to grow accustomed to humanity. Almost all of the Nordanian coast is devoid of any untouched wilderness, besides national parks and a few areas. Inland Nordania is however home to countless wild plants, from the winding forests of Northern Nordania to the Savannahs of the south. The main drylands of Nordania are found in the south-central region of the continent, with deudecious forests found in the coastal areas, aswell as evergreen forests in the south.

Nordanias main natural vegetation consists of mixed forests. The coastal regions, aswell as Northern Nordania and the Central Nordanian Plain, are fertile regions with prime conditions for growth. As a result Nordania is home to some of Esquariums largest untouched forests. Thanks to the gulf-streams northern Nordania is able to sustain forests, which would not usually survive in the area, and many countries surrounding the Tynic Sea have large deciduous forests. Thanks to a complex system of rivers flowing from the Nevanic mountains aswell as the Central Nordanian Plateu, Nordania enjoys regular water-supply, with occasional summer droughts in south-eastern Nordania. However some mountain chains, like the PLACEHOLDER MOUNTAINS in western Nordania, prevent westerlies from bringing rainfall to the areas east of the mountains. As a result the coastline of Nordania enjoys regular rainfall and vast forests, while inner Nordania relies on irrigation and rivers. While few parts of coastal Nordania has remained free from humans and their expansion, central Nordania remains relatively untouched from vast farms and grazing areas.

Around 35% of Nordania is forested. However this goes down to around 13% for coastal regions. Scientists estimate that during its maximum forested extent, 57% of Nordania was covered by forests, with the coastal areas being up to 80-90% forested. These forests stretched through modern day Lersekt and Alemannia, down through all of western Nordania and to the Cirdian Plateau. The majority of modern day Nordanias forests are concentrated west of Alemannia around western Nordania and the Tynic Sea. In the north these forests are primarily mixed deciduous forests mainly composed of beech, pine, oak and birch. Northwestern Nordania in particular is famous for its massive birch forests. Southern Nordania is mainly covered by evergreen forests consisting of oak, cypress and bay laurel. Some sections of south-eastern Nordania specifically are also covered by the endemic Nordanian palm.

Fauna

The presence of man, aswell as the tough weather has had profound effect on the Nordanian wildlife. In the coastal regions most {{wp|apex predators have been hunted to extinction, with only few hold-outs of wolfs, bears and mountain lions existing in Northern Nordania. The coastal region of Nordania has been less affected by man, while more urbanized areas are mostly devoid of large predators, large parts of southern Nordania is home to large cats like tigers and the Nordanian Lion, aswell as Nordanian bear. Central Nordania, with its flat plains and large savannah's is an ideal home to the continents many jaguars, lions and leopards. Nordanian bird-life is very diverse with over 27 different species of eagles living on the continent. Most famous is the {{wp|Golden Eagle, nicknamed the Royal Eagle, which is the symbol of the continent. The Saros mountains on the border with Conitia is home to the continents only small population of {{wp|Snow leopards.

Central Nordania is home to large flocks of wild horses roaming the plains, aswell as the Nordanian Bison, whose flocks are famous in western Nordania. Various types of deer inhabit northern Nordania, with the moose and the red deer being the most wide-spread. Other mammals include the jackal, wild cats and foxes. Southen Nordania, on the border with Conitia is also home to different species of reptiles, who primarily inhabit the savannah's. Sea creatures are another important part of Nordanian fauna. The waters surrounding the continent are rich in phytoplankton and zooplankton, which has resulted in the Nordanian fishing industry being one of the worlds most profitable. Nordania is home to molluscs, echinoderms, different crustaceans, squids and octopuses, fish, dolphins, and whales. Northern Nordania, Fjalland in particular maintains a large whaling industry. The southern parts of the continent, espcially Karazawa and Cirdia are home to occasional populations of the [[Conitian shark}}

Politics

Of the 25 countries in Nordania, 10 are monarchies, 2 are fascist one-party states, 2 are syndicalist republics and 11 are democratic republics. The borders of the continent has largely shifted over the centuries, as various empires rose and fell. The last major territorial cessions occurred in the aftermath of the Continental War. While many nations on the continent are officially monarchies, most of are together with the republics democracies.

There exists a desire to unite the mainly germanic nations of Northern Nordania, however it is a fringe ideology, and the longest Nordanian integration has reached is the Nordanian League, which was founded in 1982. The continents only de facto military alliance is NOSDO or The Northern Seas Defence Organisation. However organisations like the Esquarian Community and the Commonwealth of Sovereign States have some members originating in Nordania.

List of States and territories

Country Area (km²) Population HDI Capital
 Ambrose TBA 11,400,000 0.766 Elsbridge
CradebetianWikiFlag.png Cradebetia TBD 12,409,000 0.702 Sudbrigge
 Swastria 1,386,000 17,127,051 0.901 Wittburg
 Sjealand 1,966,086 32,657,434 0.954 Asgård
Wosrac23.png Wosrac TBD 21,078,000 0.793 Mulford
Total TBD 1,181,636,876

Economy

Economic history

International trade

Demographics

A both ethnically and linguistically diverse continent, Nordania is home to hundreds of languages and ethnic group. It is home to over 1,2 billion people, making it the second most populated continent after Velkia. It's largest ethnic and linguistic groups are in decreasing order of population, the Proper Nordanians, Teutonic Peoples, Nevanic Peoples and the Nordano-Celtic Peoples. As the continents largest ethnic groups, they center around their heartland on the Váli Peninsula in northernmost Nordania. This region is Nordania's most densely populated area, as central Nordanias plains are sparsely inhabited and Cirdia, while massive, is covered in large mountains. Nordania's most densely populated country is Nevanmaa.

Ethnic groups

Hoch und Bähr, a statistics firm from Holstein counts 41 distinct ethnic groups in Nordania, with the most populous single ethnic groups being the Teutonian and Nevan peoples. Of these the majority are a majority group in one country while a minority in others as Nordanian borders often cross ethnic borders. While the majority of Nordanians belong to one of the major 4 groups, other linguistic communities are found in Korizland, Karazawa and Cirdia.

Migration

Much of Nordanias ethnic history has been shaped by migrations and ethnic exchanges. The first of two major migrations began around 7000BC as Nordani-Teutonic people began migrating from modern day Lersekt northwards to Vjaarland and Austrosia, westwards to Sjealand, Holstein and Ultima Borealia and southwards towards Alemannia.

The second migration began around 6500BC as the Proto-Celts from North-eastern Nordania began to spread westwards. This migration is believed to of caused the Grand Celtic Split as the Proto-Celtic peoples migrated away from each-other. The Proto-Celts would reach areas such as the Wosracan peninsular, which was already inhabited by Germanic Peoples, and Vasturia. Recent archaeological evidence has shown that some groups even reached what is now eastern Ambrose. Some celtic groups, such as those who arrived in mordern day Jorland & Lothican, intermingled with other migrating groups. The celts in Jorland and Lothican for example adopted many germanic traditions and language.

Another important migration was the Proto-Chichimec migrating southwards from today Alemannia to Karazawa during the 40th century BC, displacing the local Proto-Ciridans populations that inhabited the east of the country. It is believed that, during the 29th century BC, a subgroup of the Proto-Chichimec, the Proto-Tarrascans, kept going westward, through the Saros Mountains and settled in Cortoguay. While it is theorized that the Karazawi, who arrived in the Erechi Peninsula during the 13th century AD, also descend from the Proto-tarrascans, the actual origin of theses populations is unknown.

Today Nordanian populations can be found around the world, centered in the former Vjaarlandic colonies, Tuthina, Geadland and Luziyca

Ethnic conflicts

What people what other people? Just add anything

Languages

Most of Nordanias ethnic groups within the before mentioned 4 major linguistic groups, the Nordano-Teutonic Languages whose ancestors came from central Lersekt, Nevanic Languages who originated in the Nordanian Mountains and the Celtic languages who originated in Northeastern Nordania. Most Nordanian languages fall together with the Conitian languages in the wider Conito-Nordanian language family. Dozens of smaller languages also exist on the continent like Azawarecha, Hiussapi-Nahuatl languages, Moltot languages, LANGUAGE and LANGUAGE.

Most Nordanian nations embrace their multilingualism to a degree. Some states have actively tried to forge a united national identity through a single language, while other nations speak dozens of regional languages. The continent has no lingua franca, but the most commonly spoken foreign languages are Vjaarlandic, Daeconese and Teutonic.

Culture

Religions