Namorese annexation of the Vaigang enclaves
|Namorese annexation of the Vaigang Enclaves|
|People's Republic of Namor|| East Luziyca|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Yunglang Antelope
General Vei Kang
General Tu Hong
|Niklas Po (POW)|
| 10,000 Army personnel
1 Light Aircraft Carrier
| 2,795 Army personnel|
150 Naval personnel
3 patrol boats
|Casualties and losses|
| 17 killed
| 45 killed|
1 frigate captured
The Namorese annexation of the Vaigang Enclaves lasted from May 31 to June 2, 1968 (NMR 2308). The Namorese Liberation Army seized control of the East Luziycan enclave of Gulstad as well as the Tuthina-dominated International Settlement next to it, which were collectively known as the "Vaigang enclaves" or simply "Vaigang (present-day Esquarian City). The enclaves were incorporated into the People's Republic of Namor, marking an end to over 400 years of foreign rule in the area.
In Namor, the event is officially referred to as the Liberation of Vaigang (Namorese: Ваиганг Джикфан). Outside of Namor, the terms Fall of Vaigang and Fall of Gulstad are widely used.
The Vaigang enclaves were originally leased to Mirak and Tuthina in the 16th century by Emperor Wentze of the Namorese Akka Dynasty. The Mirakian enclave, which became known as Zlato mesto, was situated north of the Yangshao River. The Tuthinan enclave was located south of the Yangshao. In time, other countries gained a foothold on the southern estuary of the river as well. As Hào Namor declined, Gulstad was formally colonized and the government stopped paying leases. The enclaves south of the Yangshao were consolidated into the International Settlement in 1890.
Gulstad was occupied by Chorea in 1938. The Choreans did not invade the International Settlement as it was mostly managed by Tuthina, which offered them moral support in the Namo-Chorean War. As a result, the International Settlement remained the only area in southern Namor not occupied by the Choreans. By the end of the war, Gulstad had returned to nominal Luziycan control, and the Dominion of Gulstad continued.
Refugees entered Gulstad and the International Settlement after the Namorese Civil War. The Namorese Liberationists did not invade the enclaves fearing that doing so would draw unwanted foreign opposition to the new People's Republic. The new government had an ambiguous stance towards the status of the enclaves - it saw the enclaves as Namorese territory, but at the same time refused to recognize Gulstad or the International Settlement as either legitimate or illegitimate.
In the 1950s and 1960s, both the Liberationists and Republicans on Peitoa waged a war of influence over the enclaves. Both sides did this by implanting sleeper agents who served in top positions in government, financing sympathetic trade unions and secret societies, and spreading propaganda. The Namorese KGB launched a secret operation codenamed "Project Anna (P-Anna)" whose aim was to establish links between the Liberationist Party and nationalist groups within the enclaves. P-Anna is believed to have helped the Liberationists obtain control of the enclaves later on. In spite of these efforts at subverting foreign control, the enclaves stayed intact for nearly another two decades.
The onset of the Green Fever saw a change in Namo's policy towards the enclaves. The Liberationists found themselves in a dangerous situation - Txotai had been engulfed in East Luziycan-supported rebellion, conflict with the Republicans had led to sporadic shootouts near Peitoa, and Nantai remained under East Luziycan occupation. Moreover, given the enclaves' proximity to the capital Namo, the Liberationists feared they could be used to promote anti-government activities. Although ostensibly the NLA invaded the enclaves to protect ethnic Namorese there, declassified documents later suggested Yunglang Antelope made the move to show the Namorese military was prepared to take control of Nantai, Peitoa and Txotai by force.
May 27 incident
On May 27, 1968 (NMR 2308), pro-Liberationist protests broke out in Gulstad and the International Settlement. Demonstrators numbering by the hundreds flew PRN flags and shouted slogans praising Yunglang and the Green Fever and calling on the foreigners to be expelled from Vaigang. The demonstrations were organized by the KGB.
The protests were initially peaceful, but violence broke out after a few protesters entered the National Palace in Gulstad. Police fired at the intruders, killing four and wounding six. An enclave-wide crackdown ensued, and hundreds were arrested. No deadly clashes were reported in the International Settlement, but demonstrators were jailed there too.
What became known as the "May 27 Incident (Кинзе Чи Го сикен)" was immediately met with opprobrium from the People's Republic of Namor. The Liberationist Party of Namor released a communique urging the people of the "occupied Vaigang enclaves" to "rise up against the foreign imperialist occupiers." The following day, the Namorese Central Council unanimously voted in favor of an ultimatum demanding that both East Luziyca and Tuthina vacate the enclaves within 48 hours, lest the Namorese Liberation Army take the enclaves by force.
The NLA in Southern Namor was put in the state of high alert. NLA ground forces were mobilized to the border with the enclaves, awaiting orders to enter. The Namorese Liberation Navy dispatched warships to the East Namor Sea and Namorese-controlled parts of the Nozama River, near Vaigang's maritime borders. Expecting an outflow of ships and civilians, the NLA assured that it would not attack Luziycan or Tuthinan ships evacuating Vaigang before the ultimatum expired.
The expiry date passed on May 30. The next day, the Namorese Liberation Army began its first assault on the enclaves.
The NLA shelled military bases in Gulstad before proceeding to its ground offensive. Gulstad was the enclave that actively attempted resisting the NLA incursion. The local military clashed with the NLA, but it was quickly overrun. Within hours, the NLA had occupied Gulstad's Parliamentary Palace and was closing in on the National Palace. Gulstadian Prime Minister Niklas Po held an emergency session and finally agreed to back down. Po announced the abolition of the Dominion of Gulstad "effective immediately." Fighting ceased, and the National Palace was occupied without bloodshed. Po and hundreds of local soldiers were taken prisoner by the Liberation Army.
The Tuthinan response to the Namorese incursion was more passive than that of Gulstad's. This was due to Tuthina being embroiled in civil war and the inability to protect the enclaves from an overwhelming Namorese advance. Therefore, as soon as the ultimatum was announced, the International Consortium declared the invasion inevitable and began evacuating personnel and cultural treasures from the settlement. Carried out between May 28 and June 1, the evacuation successfully extracted more than 5,000 individuals - most of them bureaucrats of the Consortium and prominent anti-republican figures - as well as "countless treasures."
By June 2, Tuthinan control over the International Settlement had all but ceased.
The takeover of Vaigang was widely celebrated in mainland Namor. It was heralded by the Liberationist Party as a "glorious victory." President-General Kiang Ssxu praised the Liberation Army for "showing the imperialist powers that the Namorese people are steadfast in their resolve to take back what is theirs'," and added "this march is not over." Yunglang and Kiang both met with the generals who commanded the offensive against Vaigang, commending them all for "exhibiting the intrepidity of the revolutionary army."
On the Namorese side, 17 people were killed and 47 were wounded in the battle. 45 were killed and 78 were wounded on the Gulstadian-Tuthinan side altogether. In addition, 2,423 people were taken prisoner by the NLA. A large number of them were from Gulstad while a few were from the International Settlement. Repatriation of the prisoners seemed impossible due to the lack of diplomatic relations between Namor and either East Luziyca or Tuthina. But the Namorese government "solved" the problem by repatriating Gulstadians who desired it to TBC instead of Luziyca. A number of POWs chose to stay in Namor.
The Namorese government noted that there are still foreigners residing in the enclaves, and that it will "respect their rights." All Gulstadians and Tuthinans remaining in the enclaves were naturalized. Neither the Gulstadians nor the Tuthinans were considered part of any official ethnic minority until NMR 2330, when the Ministry of Ethnic Minority Affairs designated Gulstadians and Tuthinans as ethnic minorities of Namor.
Following the takeover, many historical buildings from the colonial era faced the risk of destruction. The Green Youth Organization threatened to demolish both the National Palace and Parliamentary Palace. The NLA managed to protect the palaces from GYO vandalism; however, some buildings were still demolished in the development of Green City.
Gulstad and the International Settlement were merged to form the consolidated city-prefecture of Green City. In NMR 2328 Green City combined with several outlying suburbs to form the modern-day Esquarian City.
- Second Republic of Oteki - The Second Republic of Oteki was waging an insurgency against the Namorese government at the time the offensive against Vaigang happened. President of the self-proclaimed SRO Jason Shumev did not explicitly comment on the Namorese annexation of the International Settlement, but did condemn Namor for starting an "act of aggression against the sovereign state of Gulstad." Shumev added that the SRO would "not suffer the same fate," although two years later the entire Txotai/Oteki region would return to the Namorese government's control.
- Republic of Namor (Peitoa) - President Nie Natan was ambivalent towards the Liberationist invasion of Vaigang. "On one hand, we have always pushed for the territory to come under full Namorese control," he said, "but this is not the way we intended for it to be. I would prefer Vaigang return peacefully as opposed to coming under the control of an illegitimate regime by force." The RON government expressed fears that Liberationist control of the enclaves would put the lives of its inhabitants at risk due to the mainland's embroilment in the Green Fever.
- East Luziyca - President Jason Keziah condemned the annexation, stating that "it violates international law to conduct such annexation of sovereign territory without the consent of the people, regardless of claims to the contrary."