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|Republic of Madrastan
|Motto: Madrastan Zindabad! (Long Live Madrastan!)|
|Anthem: Qadam Qadam Badaye Ja (Keep Marching Forward)|
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and Largest City
|Official languages||Hindi, English|
|Recognised regional languages||Marathi, Punjabi, Tamil, Bengali|
|Ethnic groups||'Hindustanis' (60%), Sikhs (10%), Tamils (5%), Assamese (2.5%), Gurkha (2.5%), Persians (5%), others (15%)|
|Government||Parliamentary democracy (de facto one-party state)|
|-||President of the Madrastan Republic||Indira Swaraj|
|-||Prime Minister of the Madrastan Republic||Chandrasekar Bose|
|Legislature||Parliament of Madrastan|
|-||Upper house||Rajya Sabha|
|-||Lower house||Lok Sabha|
|-||Independence||12 May 1951|
|Drives on the||left|
Madrastan is a large developing nation in the Mahadharati Subcontinent, Ashizwe, Pardes. It is a parliamentary republic with a population of over 145 million and an economy with a GDP of $770 billion. It is a former colonial possession of Arthurista, and gained independence in 1951.
The history of pan-Hindu civilisations in the area that would be known as Madrastan today stretches back into mythical times. Archaeologists have excavated ruins dating back some 4,000 years in the upper reaches of the Bharata River, which exits into the Victorian Sea near modern Madras. Over the centuries, Hindu and Buddhist empires would rise and fall in the area, joined by those founded by Sikh and Muslim rulers in more recent times. Traders from sea-faring maritime nations have had contact and trade with Madrastan since the 1500s, with the Arthuristan East Sea Company setting up its first permanent trading post in the area in the 1650s.
In the early-1700s, fearful of the expansionist tendencies of the Islamic Turkiyan Empire in the south, the various kingdoms and principalities of the area banded together under the leadership King Shivji of Madras, becoming the power known as the Madrastan Confederacy. They invited the West Akkadiya Company to open more trading posts, supply them with arms and provide their armies with advisors. Soon, whole cities were garrisoned by troops from the Company's armies, comprised mainly of native recruits led by Arthuristan officers. Belatedly realising the fact that they were, in fact, handing over their country to a foreign power even as they were trying to prevent domination by another, the Confederacy attempted to renegotiate their arrangement with the Company, which seized upon it as a casus belli. The Company Confederacy War lasted two years and saw the complete defeat of the latter's forces. This was achieved as much through treachery as the force of arms - using the wealth at their disposal, as well as keen knowledge of native politics, the Company persuaded one princely state after another to defect from the ranks of the Confederacy. By 1765, the Company had forced the Confederacy into submission, becoming the most powerful entity in Madrastan. In theory, the Company became a sub-contractor of the Confederacy, performing tasks such as provincial administration, tax-collecting and military defence on its behalf. In actual fact, they ran the entirety of the territory in all but name, beginning the period known as 'Indirect Rule' by Arthurista.
Lady of Madrastan
Arthuristan dominance in Madrastan received its greatest challenge in 1861, when nearly 40% of the Company Army mutinied, allegedly by their non-native officers' disregard for religious and dietary customs. They were soon joined by many of the princely states' monarchs, who longed to be free of their status as de facto vassals of the company. Infighting among the rebel royalties, together with the lack of an overall leader capable of imposing a vision of strategic oversight upon the disparate rebel forces soon allowed loyal Company forces to regain the upper hand, crushing the revolt within one and a half years' of brutal fighting.
Overall, the Company had performed superbly, fighting and winning a major war against a tactically competent enemy (trained to use Arthuristan arms and tactics) entirely using the resources at its disposal, without any assistance whatsoever from Arthurista itself, which was in any case too embroiled in the Viceroy's War to offer any aid. Nevertheless, Arthuristan politicians seized this chance to accuse the Company of mismanaging the territory, thereby sparking the rebellion. The Company's charter was revoked as a result. Henceforth, Arthurista would administer Madrastan as a colony, administered by a viceroy, beginning the period known as 'direct rule'. The monarchs of the various native kingdoms which joined the rebels had their domains seized, while those which remained loyal were simultaneously rewarded with territorial gain and had their armed forces severely curtailed. To symbolise the new settlement, the crown of the King of Madrastan was publicly dismantled and its central 564 carat diamond was added to the coronet of the Lord Protector of Arthurista. In 1864, the status of the colony was finalised and Lady Protector Morrigan I was declared the Sovereign Lady of Madrastan.
Madrastan gained a representative parliament in 1898 and became a fully self-governing dominion in the 1910s. During the Great Eastern War, the dominion was partially overrun by Prestonian troops. A brutal land campaign was waged between the Arthuristan Madrastan Army, supported by whatever units of the Commonwealth Army could spare from the metropole's Great Fascist War, and the Imperial Army until the latter's final defeat.
Full independence was declared in 1951 after a referendum. Initially, the social democratic Congress Party was perpetually the dominant party in the Madrastan parliament. They pursued a series of developmentalist and Keynesian policies designed to modernise and industrialise the country rapidly. Internationally, they resolutely refused to take sides during the Cold War and was one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement.
By the early-1990s, it was clear that the economic policies of the Congress Party were doomed to failure. Despite massive investment into industrialising the country and modernising its infrastructure, the crude interventionist means used to do so, massive levels of corruption and major policy errors all conspired to drive up sovereign debts to dizzying heights. With a default imminent, the Congress government of 1994, influenced by then-current neo-liberal economic theories, embarked on a 'shock therapy' program of massive privitisation and deregulation, while the Rupee was de-pegged and allowed to float. The result was a massive devaluation virtually overnight and hyperinflation. In the midst of the economic turmoil, the Hindu population, fanned by nationalist paramilitaries, began to target and persecute religious, cultural and ethnic minorities in a series of major riots in many urban centres across the country. Faced with a collapsing economy, sectarian unrest and rumours of a military coup, even then massively-infiltrated by Nationalist sympathisers, the Congress government resigned in 1996, paving the way for early elections and allowing its rival, the Nationalist Party, to win by a landslide.
The Nationalist Party, under the leadership of Chandrasekar Bose, has remained in power uninterruptedly since. It soon worked rapidly to reinforce its fragile hold over the country - forming overt political cells in the military, regularising the ad hoc Hindu sectarian militias of the old riots into a uniformed paramilitary organistaion and using a variety of legal and extra-legal means to suppress opposition parties and curtail civil liberties. The Nationalists won all subsequent elections with a majority of 85% plus, amidst accusations from international monitoring organisations of election fraud and coercion of voters and opposition politicians on a massive scale. Economically, however, stability finally returned as the old Rupee was discontinued in every day transactions, replaced with an emergency rationing coupon, and allowed to inflate the debt denominated in the old Rupeeinto oblivion, before a new Rupee was issued based on the value of the coupon. In the following decade, the discovery of gas reserves in the Takur Desert, significantly increased trade ties with Anikatia and Rodarion and significant investment from these countries in Madrastan's industrial and high tech industries delivered solid year on year growth, further consolidating the Nationalists' control over Madrastan.
By the 2010s, With the economy growing at a rapid pace and the population either enthusiastic supporters of the new regime, or at least coerced into line, the Nationalist government is beginning to look abroad to assert Madrastan's place in the international arena and seeking to 'redress historical wrongs brought about by colonialism and imperialism, reversing the humiliations of the past for a brighter future'.
The Madrastani political process is on-paper a parliamentary democracy, with a ceremonial president and a prime minister exercising executive power alongside his or her cabinet drawn from the majority in parliament. In practice, the Nationalist domination has made it more a facade than reality. Nationalist politicians often represent the system abroad as a 'guided democracy', in the Lion's Rock model. Analysts around the world, however, see a marked contrast between the 'subtly veiled de facto authoritarianism' of Lion's Rock and the crude copy version in place in Madrastan, complete with uniformed paramilitaries, sedition laws used to close down opposition newspapers and the regular imprisonment or banishment of opposition political figures on trumped up charges.
Among the most controversial of the Nationalists' domestic policies was the changes to the constitution abolishing the clause declaring Madrastan to be a secular state and instituting Hinduism as 'the land's natural faith'. Native religions such as Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism, as well as foreign religions which arrived before the colonial period such as Yeosindo and certain forms of christianity were allowed relative freedom of worship, while 'colonial legacies' such as the Episcopalian Church of Madrastan were increasingly threatened. Islam, its pre-colonial presence in Madrastan, is also seen as a threat due to the rapid demographic growth in the Muslim population in recent years and its proselyting activities. Madrastan's two main paramilitary organisations, the Nationalist Youth and National Volunteer Organisation regularly carry out attacks on these 'unwelcome sects'.