M-60 Archer MBT

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M-60 Archer
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Ingram Armouries M-60 Archer
Type Main Battle Tank
Place of origin
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Arcevia
Service history
In service 2004-Present
Used by
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Arcevia
Production history
Designer Wes Thompson
Designed 1997-2001
Manufacturer Ingram Armouries: Armoured Vehicle Division
Produced 2004-present
Number built 1,080
Specifications
Weight 64 tonnes
Length 7.7 metres
Width 3.7 metres
Height 3.0 metres
Crew 4

Armor Slat, Non-Explosive Reactive, Composite Armour
Main
armament
IGL-7 125mm L/55 smoothbore main gun (42 rounds)
Secondary
armament
MacMillan 12.7mm machine gun
MacMillan 7.62x51mm coaxial gun
Engine Armstrong and Wells AGT1500 multifuel turbine engine
1,500 HP
Power/weight From 26.9 hp/t (20.05 kW/t) to 23.8 hp/t (17.74 kW/t)
Transmission Automatic
Suspension Torsion Bar
Fuel capacity 1,160 litres
Operational
range
510 km
Speed 72 km/h (road)
59 km/h (cross-country)

The M-60 Archer is a third generation main battle tank produced by Arcevia. It is named after General Jonathan Archer, the commander of the first Arcevian armoured division. Highly mobile, the M-60 designed for modern armored ground warfare, the M-60 is well armed and heavily armored. Notable features include the use of a powerful gas turbine engine (multifuel), the adoption of sophisticated composite armor, and separate ammunition storage in a blow-out compartment for crew safety.

The M-60 is currently in service (alongside the Estovakivan T-96E-AR MBT) with the Arcevian Army and the Arcevian Marine Corps.

Development

Design

Armaments

The primary armament for M-60 is the IGL-7 125 mm smoothbore gun. The tank can hold 27 rounds of the main gun ammunition and are stored in a special magazine in the forward section of the hull, to the left of the driver's station, with an additional 15 rounds stored in the left side of the turret bustle, and separated from the fighting compartment by an electrically operated door. The blow-off panels in the ammunition storage located in the turret roof would direct an explosion upwards away from the crew compartment in an event of catastrophic hit in the area. The gun is fully stabilized, and can fire a variety of types of rounds, ranging from armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS), high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT-FS), and high explosive fragmentation (HE-FRAG) ammunition. The barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life and the main gun is capable of power elevating from +20° to −9°.

The M-60 is also equipped with two machine guns, one mounted co-axially, the other on an anti-aircraft mount. The MacMillan 12.7mm machine gun and MacMillan 7.62x51mm coaxial gun carry 4750 rounds of machine gun ammunition.

Protection

The M-60 uses spaced multilayer armour throughout the design. The armour consists of a combination of steel plates of different hardness, elastic materials and other non-metallic materials. Steel plates with high hardness and high ductility are used. The armour is a result of extensive research about the formation and penetration mechanism of shaped charge jets. The frontal arc of the M-60's armour is designed to withstand large calibre kinetic energy penetrators and shaped charge projectiles.

The side and the rear of the tank protect against heavy machine guns, medium calibre rounds and older types of tank ammunition. The side of the hull is covered by armour skirts to increase protection against projectiles and RPGs. The frontal third of the hull sides is covered by heavy ballistic skirts, while the rest of the hull sides is covered by steel-reinforced rubber skirts. For increased protection against mines, the sides of the hull floor are sloped by 45° and the floor is reinforced with corrugations.

The M-60's design follows the concept of compartmentation; possible sources of fire or explosions have been moved away from the crew. In the turret, the ammunition and the hydraulics are located in compartments separated from the crew. In case of a detonation, the blow-off panels on the compartment roofs will direct the explosion and fire away from the crew. The crew is also protected against nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) threats, as the M-60 is equipped with a NBC overpressurization system, which provides up to 4 millibars (4.0 hPa) over-pressure inside the vehicle.

The tank is also equipped with Testudo camouflage mats, which limit the absorption of solar heat, thus reducing infra-red signature and interior temperature.

Electronics

Propulsion

Variants

Users

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Arcevia