Katranjiev

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Kingdom of Katranjiev
Luziycan: Serastevo i Katranjiev
Katranjian: Kralsto i Katranjiev
Namorese: Кaтeлaн Вaнгукa or Katelan Vanguka

Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Deu es nash
God is with us
Anthem: Katranjiev, ti priyaten zemya
Katranjiev, thy pleasant land
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Outline of Katranjiev
Outline of Katranjiev
Capital
and largest city
Krasimir
Official languages Luziycan, Katranjian, Namorese
Ethnic groups (2010) Katranjians (43%)
Luziycans (27%), Namorese (25%), Other (5%)
Demonym Katranjian
Government Constitutional monarchy
 -  Queen Elis
 -  Prime Minister Elena Magdarov
 -  Party Conservative Party of Katranjiev
Independence
 -  From Namor AD 723 
Area
 -  Total 182,812.571 km2
70,584 sq mi
Population
 -  2015 census 23,903,392
 -  Density 130.753546/km2
338.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP) estimate
 -  Total $1,149,777,250,299
 -  Per capita $45,999
GDP (nominal) estimate
 -  Total $2,006,554,893,476
 -  Per capita $80,276
Gini (2013)29.7
low
HDI (2015)0.913
very high
Currency Katranjian zalot (Ƶ) (=100 tsent) (LUL)
Time zone ST
Date format mm-dd-yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +55
ISO 3166 code KJV
Internet TLD .kj

The Kingdom of Katranjiev is a medium-sized country in the continent of Velkia in Esquarium. Katranjiev is bordered to the west by (TBC), north by Luziyca, east by Namor and Riro, and to the southeast by Olinda. It was in various stages, controlled by Namor, then an absolute monarchy until the 1880s, and then a constitutional monarchy. In 1951, members of the Namorese minority deposed the monarchy under King Apostol XIV and established a People's Republic that followed Liberationism. The Liberationist regime buckled its power and became more authoritarian, resulting by the 1980s having only relations with Namor. In 1989, a revolution deposed the authoritarian regime and restored Apostol XIV as King of a constitutional monarchy. Today, Katranjiev is one of the most democratic countries in Esquarium.

Etymology

Katranjiev comes from "katranjia," standing for one who works at a tar pit, referring to the oil sands in the eastern duchies of Katranjiev (i.e. Trifonov and Sokolov), and Riro which were traditionally boggy and difficult to settle.

The name was said to have been coined by Vaclav, when asked by an adviser upon what Vetxhi should be called after it gained sovereignty from Namor in 723 AD. This name spread quickly to other Slavic languages like Luziycan.

The Namorese name is Katelan (Ventzi: 咯特藍, Tzishin: Кателан). Many suspect that Katelan literally means "slightly blue" in the local dialects, and was said to have derived from both the word "Katranjiev" itself and the blue shields that were worn by knights. The first recorded use of Katelan appears to date back from the 1100s, to describe what the Katranjians called their land.

Until the 1950s, while Katelan was the common namen used for most occassions, the official Namorese name used in formal occasions was Katelanjefu (咯特藍者福, Кателанджефу), meaning "slightly blue, special blessing" in the local dialects. This term was derived from the pronunciation of Katranjiev and was first used to transcribe Katranjiev in 1369 with the agreement on the creation of the condominium that would later comprise present-day Riro.

The meaning was a coincidence, since it integrated the earlier "Katelan" with jiajie characters in order to transcribe the word into the Ventzi script. However, from the late 18th century on, the special blessing referred to Katranjiev's mountains and beautiful land, under its "slightly blue flag."

History

Prehistory

(tbc)

Namorese domination

In early history, present-day Katranjiev was known as "Vetxhi" (Tzishin: Ветщи; Ventzi: 越西), which literally meant far west due to the place's position compared to Namor. The region became part of the Namorese Empire in 319 BCE, when Emperor Shenwu personally led a huge expedition of 232,000 people to conquer the region in order to acquire its large oil sand deposit. From then on, Namorese people began moving in, although before the Namorese conquered the region local Slavic tribes and Luziycans were already there. To prevent rebellion, Shenwu allowed the non-Kannei in Vetxhi to continue their independent way of life as long as they pledge allegiance to Namor. For a long time, relations between the Kannei Namorese and Katranjjians went along decently, and clashes were rare.

Vetxhi became part of the Vetxhi Dynasty following the collapse of the Namorese Empire and the Split States period. Emperor-King Lu Pang set up the Vetxhi capital in the city of Tuxi ("Western Capital," archaic name for present-day Krasimir). The Vetxhi clan ruled Vetxhi until the years of the Kaku Dynasty in the year of AD 298 (NMR 638), when Igor Mikhailov, a Katranjian general who worked with the Vetxhi Namorese, slit the throat of the last emperor of the dynasty, Lu Huan, and set up the Kingdom of Vetxhi (or the Kingdom of Katranjiev depending on background of the scholar or historian). To prevent Vetxhi from falling under total Kaku domination, King Igor agreed to pay an annual tribute of oil sand to the Kaku Emperor in Namo. In turn, the Kakus approved of Vetxhi's independence. The Vetxhi Kingdom lasted for a few centuries until the end of the Second Period of Anarchy. It was in AD 680 (NMR 1020) when mercenaries backed by the Former Xo invaded the region, killed the king and turned Vetxhi into a self-governing Namorese province ruled by a magistrate-general. But Namorese rule then proved unstable, as high taxes and corruption incited many Katrankjians to seek independence from Namor. The time came when the Xo Dynasty was temporarily displaced in the Third Period of Anarchy when the Namorese governor of Vetxhi was assassinated in a fight and the Katranjians took over, expelling most Namorese from the region.

Medieval era

A preserved medieval village in Krasimir's outskirts

In AD 723, Vaclav I drove out the Namorese, and declared himself King of Katranjiev. While he was Lutheran Catholic, Txoism was the majority faith of the population. Thus, Vaclav began a program to convert Txoists to Lutheran Catholicism by constructing cathedrals and churches. At the same time, he began showing off by conquering Desislav and giving his Kingdom access to the sea, while expanding north to include Luziycan areas, such as Veresk and Talnakh. By 740, Lutheran Catholicism began influencing the culture, and with access to both the Spresi and the South Namor Seas, trade and ideas from both east and west went through Katranjiev. Wenscelas taxed the merchants while using the funds to create cultural institutions. In 748, the first written epic in Katranjian was written in the Latin alphabet, but despite Katranjian being frequently spoken, Namorese influence resulted in Latin being a lingua franca to communicate with the eastern areas and the western areas.

When Vaclav I died in 759, his son ascended the throne as Vaclav II (Wenscelas the Great). Under his reign, Katranjian began to flourish as a spoken language, and among the Slavs, it was widely adopted by local Slavic peoples, especially the nobility who previously spoke Namorese. He did much to help the people, but realizing the vast expanse that Katranjiev had, he divided them up into various duchies, giving his favored nobles land and substantial power, and granting himself the title "Duke of Krasimir." In Krasimir, after a fire in 779, he ordered that it be rebuilt with a huge emphasis on stonework and aesthetic beauty.

After Vaclav II's death in 801, his son, Vaclav III became isolationist. Shutting himself out from both Luziycan and Namorese culture, he forbade Latin and expelled many Namorese to present-day Riro, which he felt was "uninhabitable and useless land" in AD 811. However, in AD 815, Vaclav III was killed following a dispute with his wife. His son was an infant, so the wife assumed the title of Queen, as Sofia I. She initially ruled as regent, but in AD 830, when Vaclav IV was of age, Sofia I kept a strong grip on power and declared herself King. While she reopened up to Luziycan culture and permitted Latin, few Namorese remained in Katranjiev due to Vaclav III's cultural genocide. However, in 834, Vaclav IV fled Krasimir through the mountains and declared his capital to be in Sudak, splitting the country into two parts. In response, Sofia sent an army to defeat Vaclav IV, but it backfired: many sided with him and marched on Krasimir. Finally, in 838, Sofia I was killed and Vaclav IV was crowned as the rightful King.

Under Vaclav IV, he kept his mother's policies regarding culture, but instituted Salic law to prevent a crisis that happened again. However, as he reigned, he kept the powers of the Dukes in check and increased the influence of the church over Txoism. However, some Dukes began militarizing, especially along the "granichna" (marchland) with Namor. Thus, in 846, Vaclav IV required that dukes if they conquered "territory one third the size of their duchy or larger, they must give that territory to their second son still alive: if none can be found, it must be given to the nearest male relative," mainly to eliminate threats against Krasimir. In 851, Vaclav IV would die, and his son, Vaclav V took power.

Vaclav V was the last major King to play a huge part in early sovereign history, with him deregulating defense to the Duchies and giving them autonomy except monetary affairs and a "tithe" paid to the crown every ten years, of 1/10th of the profits each Duchy made in the past decade. After his death in 882, Vaclav VI ascended the throne, but he only functioned as King of Katranjiev when needed: otherwise, he was more of the Duke of Krasimir.

By 1108, Vaclav XI took the throne, and reasserted royal authority. With the eastern duchies slowly planning on conquering Riro, he increased the tithe to 1/5th of all profits in the past five years, and changed the "Royal Edict of 846" so restrict existing duchies from adding more than one half of their existing area for the new territory, meaning that if a duchy conquered an area ten times the size of its original area, that area will be a separate Duchy. At the same time, the new rules bankrupted many Duchies, resulting in a reduction of Duchies from seventy to twenty, and the rise of the influence of the Apostol family who ruled the Duchy of Desislav. By 1137, he died with no clear successor: he had no son, but he had a daughter who was married to a Duke from the Apostol family, but since their descendants weren't considered legitimate, it passed to his nephew, Vaclav XII.

The duke, Todor Apostol responded by refusing to pay tithes, and invaded its neighbors, stopping at the mountains. He then declared himself King Apostol I, again dividing Katranjiev into two Kingdoms. Todor and Vaclav XII would wage war on each other, though it was stalemated, and thus, in 1149, they both signed a treaty of "temporary separation," allowing both to keep their titles as Kings of Katranjiev, and send delegations to other nations, but otherwise were basically sovereign.

Todor Apostol responded by reducing the number of duchies in his territories to four: Chavdarov, Haralambi, Deyan, and Desislav, the latter of which he set his capital, Desislav, a former quiet fishing village which he developed into a suitable royal city, and a major port city, displacing Sudak in the process. The truce would last until 1268, when Vaclav XVI attempted to depose Nikolai Apostol, then the claimed King of Katranjiev by invading through the mountains. While Vaclav XVI made huge gains at first, his army suffered from a lack of morale, and after a decisive defeat in Albena, Nikolai's forces advanced past the mountains and eventually surrounded the northern capital of Krasimir. In 1273, Nikolai's forces ousted Vaclav XVI, and Nikolai tore the 1149 treaty, and declared himself King Apostol I of Katranjiev.

Under the reign of Apostol I, political unity was restored. While he was both Duke of Desislav and Krasimir, he reduced the amount of feudalism and only the "marchland duchies" were permitted to keep their traditions and privileges. He even gave the marchland duchies incentives to take the north and the east: the Duchy of Talnakh gained influence as a result, taking some land in present-day Luziyca and in the east, albeit slowly to avoid violating the Royal Edict of 846. By 1289, Apostol I died and his son, Apostol II took the throne. Apostol II moved the capital to Desislav, mainly to reduce what he perceived was "cultural dependence upon Bethlehem," and more to move the capital to his main stronghold. Unfortunately, in 1293, the Duke of Talnakh did exactly what Todor Apostol did, but instead turned the tables: Duke Vladimir Talnakh took over Krasimir and declared himself Vladimir I of Katranjiev. To make things complicated, in 1306, both died of the plague, and their sons, Apostol III and Vladimir II fought, albeit stalemating. Finally, they came to a peace treaty where they agreed to name a daughter of Vladimir II as King, in exchange for her marrying the Apostols, and a substantial sum of money.

Thus, Sofia II took power in 1309, marrying Apostol III's son. The capital was moved back to Krasimir, but was under a joint regency of her father and father-in-law. When she turned 15 in 1315, she became Kral in her own right, and under her rule, she encouraged more conquests. By 1330, she conquered the Principalities of Duna and Athos, Veresk, and thus, Katranjiev reached the Sprska Sea. At the same time, she ordered an invasion on present-day Riro, with the intent of setting up duchies and go deeper into Namor. Many settlers came with the soldiers and gradually, the Katranjians were halted by the Namorese until by 1369, the ailing Sofia II signed a treaty establishing a condominium in Riro, that would last for nearly six hundred years. The region was divided into duchies and they were granted "marchland" status, as well as the Duchies of Duna, Athos, Veresk and Talnakh, while revoking that status from the rest.

After her death in 1372, her son was to choose either Apostol, Vladimir, or Vaclav, and he chose Vaclav XVII (or Vaclav the Terrible), out of spite of the grandparents. Vaclav the Terrible revoked the rights of the duchies and purged many opponents of the monarchy, including many Dukes. He centralized the army, the bureaucracy, and importantly established a permanent trail linking the north to the south in 1396, via a series of passes that were ordered to be "kept clear" for "all traffic," thus reducing the time needed for information or goods to travel from six months to three months. Vaclav XVII however in his later years was obsessed with the morbid, and Vaclav XVII was stabbed to death twenty-seven times in 1407, leaving the throne to his grandson, Vaclav XVIII.

Vaclav XVIII was noted as the "most learned fool in Christendom" since he issued edicts on numerous subjects, but was incompetent in ruling. In 1409, Duna and Athos, as well as Veresk fell to a Lombardian invasion. He eased the treatment and restored the rights revoked by his father, but by 1413, he was declared mentally unstable by his son, and locked in an oubliette, where he died of starvation. Vaclav XIX attempted to restore the feudal system, but many nobles by now opposed the changes, and in 1419, he was killed by the nobles. His direct relatives were killed as well, and an election was held to select a new King.

In 1420, Apostol IV was elected King by the nobility, and he responded by increasing military defense and bolstering them along the marchlands. He gave some more rights to the nobles, but many were content to let him rule all of Katranjiev, and so he issued decrees that centralized the government a bit, by balancing interests of the nobles and his interest to see a united Katranjiev. In 1439, Apostol IV began investing in the arts and began to encourage education by sending teachers to teach the merchants how to read. However, in 1453, Apostol IV died of the plague, and his son took the throne.

Renaissance

The plague killed about 55% of the population, mostly in the northern plain, but also on the trade route to Desislav. Apostol V responded by temporarily moving the capital to the high-altitude Gorbachev and in 1459, with the literacy levels rising, he opened the Royal University of Krasimir, the country's first university with the intent to rival St. Anthony's. In 1463, he moved back to Krasimir, and Apostol V was invested in the needs of the population. Thus, in 1468, he called a "Subranie na provintsiyata" (estates-general) with 100 clergy, 100 nobility, and 100 commoners, each with one vote, to give a "suitable amount of power to the King, while leaving some for the nobility." They all approved with 3-0 to do so, and thus, he delegated mundane tasks to all but marchland duchies, which kept their original rights: mainly salutes, honors, and arbitrating disputes between landowners, commoners, and criminals. In 1484, Apostol V would die, and his grandson, Apostol VI took power as King.

Under Apostol VI, he continued his father's wish for centralization and needs: he was the first to deliberately travel around the country, mainly to observe how ordinary people lived and see the complaints, touring it from 1485-1489. In 1489 after he returned, he instituted legislation that would abolish serfdom, but the nobility threatened to kill him unless if he held another estates-general. Thus, in 1490, it was held and the legislation was defeated 2-1. The King hammered out a compromise though, requiring that "the lords treat the serfs as well as they do the freedmen," approved by all three estates. In 1493, he once again toured the country, and after returning in 1497, he concluded that their grievances were mostly met. In 1506, he began to commission paintings and build a new palace, though he remained sympathetic to the needs of the poor. Finally, in 1516, Apostol VI would die of tuberculosis.

Apostol VII continued the policies, and toured from his coronation to 1522, but began seeing a new problem: inspired from the Calvinists and Lutherans, some Protestants separated from Lutheran Catholicism, many adopting Calvinism, prominently around Talnakh. Thus, in 1523, he declared that all those following "schismatic sects of the national religion" (i.e. Calvinists) were to be punished, but the Religious Edict of 1523 also declared that "all Dxoists (archaic name for Txoists and common Katranjian name) shall have the right to practice their religion openly and be protected with the same rights as their Christian brethren."
The Religious Edict of 1523, while supported by Namorese was opposed by Calvinists, of which many people, mainly Luziycans have converted. Thus, while Apostol VII attempted to lure artists to Katranjiev, he was massing his forces. Apostol VII began attacking Calvinists and the Duke of Talnakh, Paul Talnakh who by then converted to Calvinism responded by attempting to overthrow Apostol VII. Apostol called on Bethlehem to support his Kingdom and prevent Paul from being King. Paul took Krasimir, and Apostol VII fled to Desislav. Paul declared himself King Pavlov, but by 1528, the Bethlehemian and Katranjian armies defeated King Pavlov and executed him. To punish the Duchy of Talnakh and to prevent it from being too influential, in 1532, he signed a treaty in Bethlehem splitting Talnakh into the "Barony of Talnakh" with its own ruler as aligned to Bethlehem, and the Duchy of Talnakh which remained Katranjian, thus dividing the city into two parts, including the castle. However, Modoya became a vassal state to the King of Katranjiev himself.
After the treaty, Apostol VII having dealt with the Calvinists returned to ruling day-to-day, and with the Renaissance, he encouraged more learning, and discussion. He tolerated lese majeste against himself and permitted criticism of his politics, including the war, but he forbade Calvinism. In 1528, having recovered, the capital returned to Krasimir, and he toured the country again. Both times, he published reports stating the conditions of the peasantry. Then in 1536, he toured one last time, but he died in Trifonov (present-day Baicheng) in 1541 from alcohol poisoning.

Grandson Apostol VIII would take power, under the regency of his mother, Sofia of Krasimir until 1552. In 1552, he was able to rule by himself, and he immediately toured all of Katranjiev like his predecessors have done, and published another report in 1557 after returning back to Krasimir. In 1561, with the border being virtually settled, he granted marchland status to the Duchies of Antoni, Durvo, and Solomon, as well as Chavdarov and Desislav, since Apostol VIII recognized the area as "vulnerable" to attacks from Marania with "some areas of these duchies occupied." In 1567, he repealed the Royal Edict of 846 that regulated the size of the duchies, and implemented the Royal Edict of 1567, which abolished what is left of special rights for all ranks below duke except for their title, but giving them a stipend. In addition, a salt tax was implemented, at a tax suitable to the King, but exempting Riro, mainly to fund centralization and the stipends. The other marchland duchies were greatly reduced in rights except defense. In 1570, he once again toured the Kingdom, and when he returned in 1575, he published another report on the needs of the government. Notably, in 1576, he published a document that provided a budget for the maintenance of the Kingdom, showing an apparent surplus of 300,000 zalot. In 1583, Apostol VIII negotiated a new treaty that gave the entire castle to the Barony of Talnakh in exchange for the right to transport and another treaty with Veresk so to have a single village be a fishing port.
In 1593, the King set the number of Duchies to 21, and in 1595, conducted the first nationwide census. The results in 1597 were compiled into the "sobstvenost i zemyata" (land ownership) book which compiled 62,592 landowners, of which only 4,108 owned land greater than "one section" (i.e. 2.5 square km). The "dependents" list comprised about 93,459 people, and the peasantry list had 81,953 freemen and 114,696 serfs, plus 591 slaves and 6,014 criminals. As well, there were 19,444 merchants, thus, when combined, they all add up to 378,749 people, with the largest city being Desislav at 31,593 people (12,194 merchants, 3,341 landowners, 12,033 dependents of landowners, 4,005 freemen, and 20 slaves), with the runnerup being Krasimir at 11,403 people (6,492 merchants, 1,042 landowners, 3,821 dependents of landowners, 133 criminals, 411 freemen and 44 serfs), combined only having about 11% of the population. In 1604, Apostol VIII toured the country for the last time, and published a report in 1609, but died in 1610 of old age.

Enlightenment

In 1610, his grandson, Apostol IX (Apostol the Coward) took the throne. In 1611, informed that the the Olindians occupied Katranjian territory, he declared war with the intention of regaining those lands and annex Marania into his realm. It was initially supported by the nobility, but due to the mountain range and difficulty in fighting in mountainous terrain, and by 1612, Marania began to take parts of the country. In 1613, after the Battle of Desislav, all land south of the Karpati Mountains was under the control of Marania, and Apostol IX negotiated a peace treaty that restored the border to status quo ante bellum, allowing Marania to keep the land it occupied prior to the war, in exchange from withdrawing from the Duchies of Dobrev and Desislav.
After the war, Apostol IX embarked on a massive rebuilding project, remodeling Desislav to become a major port city in its own right, and permanently displacing Sudak and Albena as major port cities. In 1622, he toured Katranjiev and published a report in 1627 of the standards of the peasants and nobles, showing the south fared worse than the north due to the war. Thus, Apostol IX lifted many taxes including the salt tax in the south and increased the burden on the peasantry in the north. For the first time in 1628, he imposed the Salt Tax on Riro, as well as "tithes" from the duchies in Riro (1/10th of the income over five years in each duchy must be paid to the King). In 1633, a tsunami ravaged the coast of Katranjiev, devastating Sudak, Zhivkov, and Albena, with over 3,000 lives lost, though Desislav was only slightly damaged with 20 people from there killed, due to the rebuilding efforts of Apostol IX. However, unlike Desislav, Apostol IX refused to fund construction efforts of the cities, stating that "God destroyed these towns because He was displeased with the sins that have been occurring in these towns, unlike Desislav which have followed God."
This response triggered a peasant revolt in 1634, led by Sasho from Albena. Sasho declared himself King Deyan of Katranjiev, and sought to march to Katranjiev. He called on the help of Lombardia and Inleda to support him, but neither backed him, instead sending their own forces to back Apostol IX. In 1635, at the Battle of Krasimir, Apostol IX barely defeated the rebels, and Sasho managed to escape. As punishment, he reinstated the taxes on the southern duchies, except the city of Desislav. The increased taxes only motivated Sasho to lead yet another rebellion, this time backed by the Duke of Deyan, Oleks Deyan in 1640, and after taking all the land south of Karpati Mountains, he managed to cross them and take Krasimir, forcing Apostol IX to flee to the city of Predplanina in 1641. During the brief reign of King Deyan, he held an Estates-General which almost immediately instead of a creation of a permanent Parliament resulted in a majority voting for Apostol IX to return to power. When Apostol IX returned in 1643, he executed Sasho, and temporarily split up the Duchy of Deyan into Severna-Deyan and Yuzhna-Deyan, and also declared that "should the Duchy be united, Chavdar shall be the new capital, not Albena." The Duke was also executed in 1645, and in 1647, he once again toured the country. In 1649, he was brutally slain in Albena by angry civilians resentful for the crackdown of the rebellion and his refusal to rebuild the town.

Since he had no son, it passed to his nephew, who took the throne as Apostol X. In 1651, he reunited the Duchy of Deyan but kept the capital in Chavdar. Nonetheless, he finally extended funding to rebuilding Albena, Sudak, and Zhivkov, as well as lowering the tax burden on merchants. In 1652, he toured the Kingdom to investigate the situation of the peasants and the Empire. After his return in 1658, he published a report and a budget showing a surplus of 600,000 zalots in the treasury. In 1663, he began to invite scientists to reside in Krasimir. In 1670, Apostol X decided to embark on a "Golyamo" tour, to traverse the entire country, not just to find out how the peasants are doing, but to experience the local cultures. After spending a decade visiting every town and village in the country, he returned and published a book describing the variations of Katranjian culture, from the "Dxoist peoples of the East," to the "Luziycans in the North" and the "Old Katranjians of the South," and each outlining the subcultures and which towns they were most prevalent, releasing the massive compendium in 1682, describing the languages, customs, variations, staple foods, religions, population, and even how they perceive authority (the total population was 512,491 people, but didn't describe their structure). In 1688, an avalanche devastated parts of Krasimir, but the King quickly funded the reconstruction of the city into a grander city, shaping its modern day appearance. In 1692, he began conceptualizing plans for a "wagonway from Desislav to Krasimir" that he hoped would "cut travel time to only a month." 20 miles of it were laid from Desislav to a nearby town (32 km), but the nobles convinced him that it was a waste of money, and the project was abandoned, albeit not before it became a popular attraction, reducing commute times to only two hours from a day or two. In 1695, Apostol X began to invest in mining, and by 1700, the seeds of the Industrial Revolution have took hold in Katranjiev, with the first cities to industrialize being Krasimir and Desislav. In 1702, Apostol X made a tour of the country, seeking another Golyamo Tour, but in 1710, he died in his sleep in Sudak.

Prokudin Palace, seen in 1921

His great-grandson, Apostol XI was just 4, so his mother ruled as regent. In 1711, she declared herself Queen Sofia III (Sofia the Morbid), but officially, she was still a regent. As a widow, she wore black and was obsessed with the morbid, often ordering impalements and hangings for her own amusement, while abusing her son to the point of "severe mental and physical damage," according to the nobles. By 1719, the nobles had enough of her behavior and the Dukes of Talnakh, Durvo, and Lovets agreed to execute Sofia III and implement their own regency for his own safety.

In 1721, at the age of 15, Apostol XI ascended the throne, but years of constant abuse meant that he was not able to make crucial decisions. Thus, the three Dukes convinced him to make him only Duke of Krasimir, and pass the title of Duke of Desislav to his cousin. In 1722, Apostol XI toured the country, and he was quickly dubbed "detekral" or "child king" for his childish demeanor, taking delight in things that amuse children. A doctor that was by his side stated that "he was so abused by his mother that he has basically become a child in mind, though adult in body," and also noted the "flat face that looks like a spitting image of a Namorman." He didn't have a clear idea of what was right and what was wrong, resulting in the Triarchy making important decisions. Notably, when he returned to Krasimir in 1730, the Triarchs wrote a report based on the testimony of the doctor on his tour, and in 1732, they decided to build a palace for the King's pleasure near one of his favorite spots: on the slope of a mountain surrounded by forests, resembling an old castle, completing the Prokudin Palace by 1740. In 1743, it was said "his mental age was about five or six, while he was physically thirty-seven years of age." Apostol XI often invited children to play with him at his hillside palace, where he resided more often than the castle, which he hated.

In 1748, he decided to tour the country again, with the subjects appreciating him. After a report was written by the doctor, when he returned in 1756, Apostol XI was officially placed under a regency under Apostol's doctor, Dr. Nadezhda, whose family lived most of the time in the palace. In 1758, he was strangled to death by an overly curious boy at the Prokudin Palace, and his cousin's son took power as King Zhivkov.

Industrial Revolution

Katranjian factory, 1872

Zhivkov as both King of Katranjiev, Duke of Krasimir and Duke of Desislav, unlike his predecessor who was dominated initially by the conservative Triarchy, then his doctor decided to reduce taxes on the merchants. In 1761, he attempted to reduce the hold of the guilds, but he was forced to hold an Estates General, where it was voted 2-1 to keep the guilds. Despite that, he curbed their influence and permitted substantial industrialization.

By 1770, Desislav became an industrial city, and Zhivkov embarked on another tour. Like that of his great-great-grandfather, Apostol X, he took ten years to visit, and published another book similar to that in 1784, describing the ways of the peoples of Katranjiev, similar to the "Golyamo" book, and listing the population at 801,492 people. It listed Desislav as the largest, at 101,851 people with Krasimir the second largest at 78,391 people, and to some extent also replicated the Land Ownership Book of 1597 but with updated information, albeit it was less detailed than the original book.

In 1788, Zhivkov began printing paper money for zalots and the ten srebumi piece (the zalot was divided into 20 srebumi, 1 srebro was divided into 12 chasti, with 1 chast divided into 4 treski/tresk), while keeping coins for the rest, mainly to reduce cost. In 1790, he issued an Edict regulating the usage of Latin and issued the first major standard of Katranjian, mainly that the "official text to be used in documents is to come from the dialect spoken in Krasimir." In 1792, Zhivkov began to improve the "roads" between towns which were at the time just dirt paths, and by 1800, most of the strategic routes (i.e. direct) had cobblestone save for those crossing the Karpati Mountains as result of Zhivkov's plans to improve the roads, and in 1806, he introduced a government mail service, although private carriers still were allowed to serve "personal mail." In 1795, the Duchy of Planinkhora was purchased from Manharia. In 1812, King Zhivkov died from old age.

His son, Apostol XII took office, and invested in experimental railroad technology. Thus, he built a wagonway to Iliev, reducing travel times from a week to a day. At the same time, many mining guilds started to expand their search with more and more modern technologies, mainly to find coal, gold and copper, and invested in railway technology. By the end of the 1810s, many wagonways/railways were being built, and industrialization had increased: in 1824, oil was first struck near Baicheng. During the 1820s and 1830s, innovation had increased, and standard of living initially rose. At the same time, romantic nationalism began to appear, with many advocating a "Greater Katranjiev" with control of Veresk, (Barony of) Talnakh, Duna and Athos, as well as southwestern Namor adjacent to that area. In 1840, a song embodying the ideals of Katranjiev was performed and it was adopted as the royal anthem. By 1842, many of the wagonways have converted to the steam engine, and in 1845, a new line from Krasimir to Desislav was built, shortening travel times from three months to three days. In 1848, the first telegraph network was laid between Desislav and Krasimir, and by 1851, it was connected to Bethlehem's system.

However, in 1848, a rebellion took place in Planinkhora, with the intention of joining the newly-created state of Olinda. Over the next year, the rebels made significant gains, threatening Glodzhevo (with the assistance of Olindan forces), but by 1850, the Katranjian forces led by Dragan Tsankov began making significant gains against the rebels, and the rebels surrendered in 1852.

In 1854, Apostol XII implemented a network of state schools, serving from Kindergarten to Grade 6 with the intent of mass-education, and the following year, all Katranjian male children were required to attend school: whether state or private. State schools were only permitted to teach in Katranjian and were to depict its history in a positive light.
However, prosperity was not to last: in 1860 with news of revolution in Yerevan and the installment of Huswa Varanken as leader, many Luziycans in particular began clamoring for unifying Katranjiev into Luziyca, due to their common Slavic culture. Thus, a revolt led by Igor Sprskov began with the intent of forming a Republic and uniting with the Republic of Luziyca. Huswa's forces supported the revolt and some of them helped assist the revolt in Katranjiev. Thus, Sprskov's forces were able to capture much of the land north of the Karpati Mountains, dividing Katranjiev into two. Realizing how fruitless it would be to flee to Desislav by rail since the rebels could easily take it over, he decided for a last stand, and in 1861, the Battle of Krasimir showed a monarchist victory. However, the railroad network that had since been built enabled the rebels to be mobile and take Desislav in 1862, before being ousted the same year. By December, they conducted the annual Christmas truce, but the Katranjian monarchists used the opportunity to weed out as many Republican rebels as they could. In the process, Sprskov was captured, and was hung in early 1863. After news of the fall of Bethlehem came, Apostol XII appealed to Duna and Athos, Veresk and Talnakh to join Katranjiev, and while they took up the offer, the Luziycans invaded the area and by Dec. 24, 1863, the Katranjians were forced to return to the 1532 borders, denying them access to the Sprska Sea, but the agreement promised that Luziyca will leave Katranjiev alone. Thus, Apostol XII invested heavily in rebuilding the country, and in 1865-1866, conducted a nationwide tour by train, similar to what his predecessors had done except he used a train, and it wasn't to investigate the conditions of the peasants. In 1868, he abolished serfdom and released all serfs. In 1870, the first true census since 1595 was conducted, showing a population of 1,314,596 people, with Desislav having 214,002 people, and Krasimir having 155,302 people. By 1880, it rose to 1,591,490 people, with Desislav being at 239,592 people, and Krasimir at 223,594 people. Apostol XII died in 1883 of old age in his sleep.

Constitutional monarchy

Map of Katranjiev from 1914 to 1952

In 1883, King Apostol XIII took power, and embarked on massive reforms. In 1884, he convened an Estates-General, doubling the Third Estate so it formed half of the Estates-General and giving each member one vote instead of each estate. Most importantly, he ordered that they all meet together instead of separate rooms, making it the first one since 1641 (under usurper Oleg) or in 1490 (under Apostol VI). The King proposed reforms, to permanently keep an estates-general under the "Narodnoto subranie" (National Assembly) with reduced numbers. An elected Prime Minister will be chosen by all male citizens over the age of 21, and most importantly forced all the Duchies to implement legislatures similar to that. Passing 625-575, mostly from the Third Estate, the King devolved much of his power and erased virtually much of the remaining powers of the Dukes, including that of the marchlands, which he felt were no longer needed.

Thus, in 1885, a new constitution was implemented, providing suffrage to men over 21, formally abolishing all the remaining rights and privileges of the Katranjian nobility, save for an annual stipend from the state, titles and land. Those powers were to be delegated to the legislatures of both the country and duchy, including a 150-seat National Assembly, thus requiring a census every 10 years in a year ending with a zero. Thus, the first PM, Dragan Tsankov was elected on a non-partisan platform. Under Tsankov's rule, he expanded compulsory education from Kindergarten to Grade 8 and modelled it closely on the Luziycan system. He was re-elected in 1890, and the economy remained prosperous, thus resulting in his re-election in 1895.

However, Tsankov died in 1896 from tubercolosis, and elections were held. Those elections saw Miro Karapetrov of the Conservatives win. Under his brief time in office, he formally supported Luziyca in the Namo-Luziycan War and mended ties with Luziyca. However, Miro Karapetrov was arrested and charged on charges of homosexuality in 1898. He was removed from office, and was replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Radoslav Mladenov, although the scandal was enough to bring the Conservative government down in 1900, with a vote of no confidence after a controversial budget.

In 1900, PM Leonid Simeonov became PM, the first from the Liberal Party. In 1902, women over the age of 30 were given the vote, and by 1904, Katranjiev was prospering economically. He won the 1905 election, and in 1906, officially permitted "any and all" religions, superseding the Edict of 1523 that outlawed all religions but Txoism and the official religion, Lutheran Catholicism. The following year, the earlier road network built by Zhivkov began to be improved to be safe for motor traffic, with the first car officially licensed in 1907, as well as a road linking Desislav with Krasimir, completed in 1909. In 1908, Katranjiev bribed Hào officials in the area immediately to the east of Katranjiev to be placed "under the protection of Katranjiev" due to rumors of an "impending" republican revolution against the Hào dynasty in Namor. In 1910, Simeonov retired from politics and another Liberal candidate won.

In 1910, Yuri Sokolov won, and in 1911, a post office system was officially started. The next year, a welfare system began, and in 1913, he saw living standards rise. However, in 1913, Apostol XIII died of a stroke, and his son, Apostol XIV took power and became the King of Katranjiev. That same year, Katranjiev annexed the far-eastern duchies, and incorporated the area into Katranjiev. Yuri Sokolov improved the economy and during that time, Glodzhevo became a major rival port city to Desislav. By 1914, the region had been completely divided up into duchies.

In April 1920, Grigor Nadezhda of the Conservative party. In 1922, Grigor implemented a free K-12 education system and supported literacy programs for the Katranjian language which he said was "the greatest language that mankind has ever witnessed. If more speak and write in this marvelous tongue, then the world shall be better off."

Grigor Nadezhda won the 1925 election by a landslide, and throughout the rest of the 1920s, it became a major trade hub. In 1926, Grigor created a non-partisan civil service. Despite the financial collapse of Luziyca in 1929, Katranjiev increased trade with nations not suffering from the Great Depression, enabling it to somewhat survive. In 1930, Nadezhda retired from poltiics and another Conservative candidate, Ilarion Boyanov became Prime Minister.

Ilarion Boyanov continued Grigor's policies, and by the early 1930s, oil was first struck in the Katran region (tar sands which dominated much of the area), which resulted in great wealth for Katranjiev. He was re-elected in 1935, but his neutrality in the Namo-Chorean War resulted in his defeat in 1940 in favor of the Liberal candidate. Until 1952, he and his successors did not recognize BCian sovereignty over the territory.

Marin Daskalov was elected. While he provided oil and financial support to the allies, and set up defense, he decided to improve the conditions of the poor. Universal healthcare was introduced in 1942, and a public housing program began. In 1943, four Chorean bombers intruded upon Katranjiev and they were shot down. However, despite his re-election in 1945, and resuming growth, he was voted out in 1946 due to an unpopular budget in the National Assembly.

The Conservatives won again, with Ognyan Simeonov (son of Leonid Simeonov) becoming the fourth prime minister. Ognyan ceased the expansion of the welfare, but because of its popularity could not be dismantled. His anti-communism proved his greatest asset and refused to support the Liberationists, instead backing the Republicans with aid. In 1948, he lowered the minimum voting age to 20, and in 1949, Simeonov pegged the zalot to 1 zalot = US$1.20, but in 1950, he refused to recognize the new government in Namo, instead recognizing Peitoa as the sole legitimate government of Namor.

Liberationist rule

Flag of Katranjiev from 1952 to 1989

In 1951, following the victory of Yunglang Antelope in Namor, a surprise victory of the Liberationists through an election suspected by many to be highly rigged brought in Huankun Chen, the first minority to be a Prime Minister.

After the Supreme Court began investigating in the election, on Oct. 23, 1951, the Liberationists with a 2/3rds majority voted to suspend in the 1885 Constitution and place dictatorial power within Chen. On Nov. 18, Chen arrested the royal family and declared the abolition of the Kingdom and the establishment of the People's Republic of Katranjiev, and a Liberationist-based constitution was adopted on Dec. 9th, modeled on the Namorese constitution.

The new constitution creating the People's Republic of Katranjiev was approved on Dec. 11th via a fraudulent referendum of which the voter turnout was allegedly 100% with 98% approving the constitution. Thus, the National Assembly was dissolved and replaced with the Shuvet i Khorata (lit. council of the people, Luziycan: Koncili populi, Namorese: TBC), with elections held in December with 100% turnout. Huankun Chen became President while Sasho Yanev became Premier, who were the heads of state and government respectively, although in practice, Huankun Chen functioned as a dictator.

On Dec. 19, 1951, the entire immediate royal family was placed under house arrest at the Prokudin Palace. In April 1952, the duchies were abolished and the country was divided into communes, and declaring said communes to be the only tier of administration besides the central government.

In May 1952, all land and major companies were nationalized under the control of the Liberationists. Collective farms were set up in July 1952, and on August 2, 1952, businesses larger than 10 employees were put under state control. Trade unions were merged and put under state control, and Liberationism took hold over Katranjiev. Many Katranjians and Luziycans fled to East Luziyca, resulting in a barrier formed in 1953 to prevent migration northwards to Luziyca. The zalot was pegged at par with the ramon in 1954, and the ramon was accepted. In 1956, elections for the Shuvet resulted in a rubber stamp victory for Huankun Chen and Sasho Yanev, but living standards began falling as it reduced relations from many nations to solely Namor and the communist countries. In 1959, protests broke out in the port city of Desislav against Liberationist rule which threatened to go into outright rebellion, but the Katranjian People's Army crushed the protests and further curtailed rights. Electrification began with the intent to be completed in 1984.

In 1961, Huankun Chen had to retire due to term limits, but he was designated Paramount Leader by the Shuvet. Rongtai Wen became President while Sasho Yanev remained Premier. The Liberationists maintained all the seats, but while living standards declined, a feud between Sasho Yanev and Huankun Chen broke out, resulting in Sasho apparently committing suicide on July 12, 1964, although many suspected that Huankun Chen or Rongtai Wen killed Sasho Yanev. In response, Rongtai Wen appointed the Minister of Agriculture, Deyan Dobrev as Premier. On July 26, 1965, after the Green Fever began in Namor, Huankun Chen declared the start of the 26th of July Movement (Dvizhenie Vadeset i Shesta Yuli), which was modelled on the Green Fever, and a youth organization bearing the same name was created at the People's University of Krasimir (known from 1888 to 1952 and since 1989 as the Royal University of Krasimir), quickly spreading through the rest of the country. Rongtai Wen and Deyan Dobrev were re-elected with a significant majority in 1966, and Huankun Chen began using the Youth of the 26th of July to eradicate all old values to form a "New Katranjiev" based on Liberationist values. As a result, religion began to purged. All religious institutions save for Txoist temples were shut down and either turned into schools, party headquarters, factories, causing religious worship to be driven underground. A new anthem was also created, Stani, bratya in 1967 to distance itself from imperialist influences. The movement reached its peak in 1970, when the country was completely electrified, 14 years ahead of schedule, and when former PM Simeonov was executed in public after a struggle session.

In 1971, Rongtai Wen had to retire, and while Deyan Dobrev remained Premier, Nuoju Zeng became the first female President. Huankun Chen's first wife, Bisera Chen died at the age of 69 in 1972, and after that, Nuoju Zeng married Huankun Chen in December 1972. Despite their relationship and the latter's increasing manipulation of Huankun, Deyan Dobrev asserted himself in politics, and in 1973, the central government cracked down on the Youth of the 26th of July, with the intent to restore order. However, civil war nearly broke out between the Youth and the Katranjian People's Army and there were fights, but by late 1973, they were reduced to marginal importance. Some churches were restored to their owners, but most remained in their converted use. In 1976, Nuoju Zeng and Deyan Dobrev were re-elected, and by then, Liberationist rule tightened. Civil liberties had all but gone extinct by that point, and in 1978, the "military administered zones" were set up to protect their borders and sea borders. All rights were effectively stripped from these areas, and were 100 km deep. The only exception was the border with Namor. The Recession of 1980 crippled the country and nearly brought into famine after the government ordered increased exports of food and oil to try and pay off their debts.

In 1981, Nuoju Zeng was elected as Premier while Baikun Qing became President. That year was the first year no Luziycan or Katranjian were in the Cabinet and few were even in the Shuvet. On Oct. 16, 1984, Huankun Chen died and without his strict influence (he ruled over Katranjiev for 10 years officially and 33 years unofficially), the party became divided, causing a major crisis that would mark the beginning of an end of Liberationist rule over the country.

Premier Nuoju Zeng advocated for revolutionary Liberationism, seeking to continue the Liberationist government according to what Yunglang had devised, while her rival, Baikun Qing advocated Minjuha and reforms to the Liberationist system. The Shuvet became divided and gridlocked, with about half siding with Zeng, and half siding with Qing. The gridlock in government effectively caused the government to cease functioning, and by 1985, Desislav and some towns declared themselves "free cities," declaring that they were not subject to the Shuvet. While Zeng demanded intervention, Qing argued that they need to democratize. However, due to a 2/3rds majority required to revise the 1951 Constitution, no reforms were made.

By 1986, Zeng's faction created the Revolutionary Liberationist Party of Katranjiev while Qing maintained the Liberationists. The elections showed that Zeng won the east and the south where the Namorese were concentrated, while Qing won the west and the north, where the Luziycans and Katranjians were concentrated. With a slim majority, Qing appointed Blazhe Hristov to be Premier. It was not the 2/3rds majority that they needed, but they began compromising to ensure that parts of Minjuha got through. However, these reforms were too little and too late, since dissent was increasing. In September 1987, Zeng and her faction was purged and was sentenced to house arrest for being an enemy of the people, and after the trial, fresh elections for the vacated seats brought in reform-minded Liberationists, who began implementing Minjuha a bit late. Towards the end of 1988, an increasing number of cities declared themselves "free cities."

Restoration of democracy

Protests in Krasimir, March 1989

On March 9th, 1989, protests broke out at the "Ninth of December Square" (Deveti Dekemvri Fora, known as the Kralski Fora or Royal Square from 1865 to 1961 and 1989 to the present) in the capital against the delay of reforms. While initially, the authorities tolerated it, on March 15, 1989, they marched to the Royal Palace where soldiers blocked access. The peaceful protesters demanded access to greet Apostol XIV, but the soldiers fired at the crowd, killing 63 people. The government condemned the protests for being a conspiracy, and on March 17th, imposed state of emergency over the entire country with a curfew which was widely ignored.

At the Square, police tried to evict the protesters, but they fought back and drove them out of the area. By the end of March, control was being lost from much of the country, and on April 13, the royal family was pardoned by President Baikun Qing, with his release marked with celebrations and demands that the monarchy and the 1919 constitution be restored. The Liberationists refused to do so, but pressure continued to mount. Finally, on April 24, the entire cabinet resigned, except Hristov, and Baikun Qing announced a referendum will be held on May 10th to decide their future. It was handed over to a temporary committee led by Blazhe Hristov, who became President and Premier of the People's Republic.

On May 10th, the referendum was held and 72% of those who turned out to vote voted to restore the monarchy and the 1919 constitution, 21% voted for the status quo (mainly in the east), and the remainder for a republic. As a result, on May 11th, Apostol XIV was crowned King again, and Hristov was appointed provisional Prime Minister. He called elections on August 1st, the first elections to the National Assembly in nearly four decades. The duchies were restored again, and the military zone was removed.

As the election date approached, a vibrant campaign occurred. Hristov of the reformed Conservatives and Baikun Qing of the Liberationists ran and were seen as the major competitors. On August 1st, an 81% turnout occurred and 63% voted to elect Hristov as the first Prime Minister since Huankun Chen implemented the 1951 constitution. He re-opened borders with East Luziyca in September and accepted economic aid from the country, as well as military protection from fears of a potential Namorese invasion. In October, Hristov pegged the zalot to the lira at par (Ƶ1 = ₤1, then US$1.94), and by December, all churches and synagogues began to be restored to their owners. During his time in power, the economy boomed, with extraordinary economic growth due to the end of Liberationism. The welfare state was restored, and while there was pressure to ban Liberationism, Hristov refused to do so.

By 1992, the water and electricity grids were sold in blocks to private companies. Thus, in 1994, he won re-election but resigned in 1995 citing health reasons.

Fresh elections brought the Liberals into power, and the first Prime Minister from the Luziycan minority, Paul Grigoryev was elected. Paul finished the process of restoring religious life, and by 1996, all churches have been reopened except those deemed redundant which were kept in their previous roles. Paul increased relations with other nations and restored much of the trade ties lost under the Liberationists. The economy kept growing, although it started to slow down. In 1996, it sided with Luziyca in the Namo-Luziycan War, and more troops from the Luziycan Armed Forces were deployed in Katranjiev to warn the Namorese to stay out of the country to supplement the Royal Katranjian Army and the existing troops stationed there. After the war ended, Katranjiev continued its growth, and by 2000, it had one of the highest standards of living. Grigoryev won again, but on July 21, 2001, Apostol XIV died at the age of 106. His grandson, Apostol XV became King, and it was hailed for being an orderly transition. By 2004, the National Energy Program saw an investment in solar and wind power, reducing their dependence on oil power. In 2005, Grigoryev won again, becoming the first Prime Minister to serve three terms in Katranjiev. The NEP continued, and by 2008, 45% of electricity was produced by renewable energy compared to 3% in 2003. The economy however contracted in 2008 due to a financial crisis in Luziyca, and while it was resolved quickly in Luziyca by 2009, it lasted until early 2010, but it was not as severe due to the welfare system, albeit many corporations downsized their jobs. In 2010, Grigoryev was voted out of power.

With that, Viktor Kahut was elected from the Conservative Party. Some deregulation, legalizing offshore banking, and an end to the NEP helped restore economic growth, and the recession was over by mid-2011. In April 2014, Riro achieved independence after a referendum, taking all the eastern duchies but Trifonov, which voted to stay within Katranjiev. Kahut called an election, and was voted out in a general election in May, bringing in Liberal leader Magarit Ogynan as the new Prime Minister, making her the first female Prime Minister in the Kingdom.

In July 2015, Apostol XV abdicated to his daughter, who styled herself as Elis of Katranjiev, who became the first female monarch in nearly three hundred years, and the first female head of state of Katranjiev since Nuoju Zeng's tenure as Prime Minister.

Geography

Zhivkov Beach
Section of beach near Zhivkov at sunset
Mt. Nashtoinik
The peak of Mt. Nashtoinik is 2,954 meters above mean sea level.

Katranjiev is a small country. It only has about 300 km of coastline, and as a consequence, only a few major port cities. It has an area of 182,812.571 square km (70,584.3283 square miles), and one of the denser regions in Esquarium with 23,903,392 people living in the country. About a third of the population live in the Desislav metropolitan area consisting of many cities, including the 1,032,933 people living in Desislav. The largest city proper is Krasimir, at 1,643,192 people, which serves as the capital.

The Katranjian landscape can be divided into four regions: the southern fertile coastal plains fed by the Sudak River, housing about a third of the population. The central area are mountains, known as the Karpati Mountains. Krasimir is almost surrounded by the Karpati and is the source of the Sudak River and the Reka River, the longest in Katranjiev. Outside of Krasimir, few live in the Karpati and was historically a significant barrier that impeded communication. The highest point of the country is Mount Nashtoinik, at 2,954 meters above sea level. The northern plains is sparse, although fertile due to an aquifer and close proximity to Sprska Sea, they do have some drought from time to time. Lastly to the east is what is left of the Riro region (since the secession of much of Riro in 2014), which despite its fertile soil due to the Reka River, has oil sands (exposed as tar pits in the past) and thus has not really been settled by Katranjians until the 20th century, while the Namorese have been made to live there.

Significant natural resources of Katranjiev besides oil are copper, coal, gold, and silver. In addition, wheat is the major crop, though rice is grown in the eastern regions.

Administrative divisions

Map of Katranjiev

Katranjiev is divided into sixteen duchies (khertsoga) since the secession of four duchies in 2014. Prior to 1883 (and especially during the Middle Ages), the Duchies were essentially sovereign ruled by "khertsogs" (dukes), who only paid lip service to the King of Katranjiev, although over the centuries, their powers were reduced as power was centralized. By 1883, the power of the Dukes were reduced to only being ceremonial heads of the duchies, with "tori-ministeri" (premiers, literally second ministers with "purvi ministeri" standing for Prime Minister of Katranjiev or first minister) being heads of the Legislatures (zakonodatelna) and the head of the governing party. They were abolished in 1955, and replaced with communes, based on municipal borders and typical areas, but was restored in 1989 when the Liberationists were brought down.

Today, they are in charge of education, healthcare, sales taxes, additional welfare, and regulations (besides federal regulations). They share concurrent jurisdiction in justice, income taxation, policing, and transportation with the federal government. However, these regulations are not as loose as in Luziyca.

Below the duchies, there are also 1,465 municipalities, with one municipality (Rekagrad) being part of two duchies: Sokolov and Chenov.

Duchy Capital Population
Desislav Desislav 6,153,233
Krasimir Krasimir 1,382,933
Trifonov Baicheng 2,941,683
Deyan Chavdar 2,936,507
Sokolov Sokolov 923,211
Durvo y Lovets Predplanina 1,098,259
Slava Tagan 1,799,100
Solomon Smirnov 645,193
Talnakh Talnakh 658,291
Genkov Genkov 328,391
Chenov Todorov 828,130
Antoni Igor 725,392
Iliev Iliev 1,821,883
Kamuk Nevyarno 720,281
Chavdarov Kamen 319,503
Haralambi Evgeni 621,402

Former duchies

These duchies are currently part of Riro. Prior to 2014, these duchies were part of Katranjiev, but since then have been considered states of an independent Riro. The dukes are still recognized by the Katranjian government but have no power over these territories due to their separate legal status.

Duchy Capital Population
Katran Dengzhou 554,014
Maritsa Chunov 330,105
Valeriev Ming 503,207
Iztokov Lizhou 1,954,201

Historically, there were the Duchies of Durvo and Lovets, which were abolished in 1871 and merged to the present day duchy of Durvo y Lovets. There was also the Duchy of Planinkhora, which was ceded to Olinda in 1952. That same year, Katranjiev unofficially ceded the duchies of Zhivkova, Yovka, Assenov, and Gavrilov (as well as the eastern portions of Valeriev, Iztokov, Trifonov, and Talnakh, all collectively known as the eastern duchies) back to Namor. It was legally recognized in 1954 in exchange for the condominium officially being abolished (though in practice, it ceased functioning in the early 20th century).

Since April 2014, and the secession of Riro, there are only sixteen duchies in Katranjiev.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Highway in southern Katranjiev

Katranjiev has 22,000 km of highways and 563,222 km of paved roads altogether within Katranjiev, with the car being the dominant form of transportation in the country. The minimum age to drive in Katranjiev is 16, and all cars registered in Katranjiev must have valid license plates.

However, Katranjiev has a railroad network operated by Royal Katranjian Railways, with the most busy line being the "Tsentralna" line from Desislav to Krasimir, and continuing north to Talnakh where it becomes the Desert Wind line on the Luztrak network. It has railroad links to Namor, Riro, Olinda, Luziyca, and Dhomland, as well as road links towards these countries. There are also maritime transport, but river transport is generally only used for pleasure cruises. Most of the maritime transport for cargo usually is from and to the port of Desislav.

It has Katranjian Airlines as the country's flag carrier.

Healthcare

Katranjian healthcare has become a universal system since the early 1940s, and is traditionally considered to be one of the most robust healthcare systems within the region. There are 3.3 doctors per 1,000 people, and 5.2 nurses per 1,000 people, as well as 1.1 midwives per 1,000 people. The quality of many hospitals and clinics are high, especially since the early 1990s when reforms caused by the end of Liberationism helped boost the quality of healthcare which had stagnated from the mid-1960s as a result of the 26th of July Movement.

Katranjians are well known for their long lifespans: the average life expectancy in 2014 is 81.45 years, and is often attributed to their healthy eating habits, a tradition of physical activity, and the climate, especially in the southern duchies.

Education

A school in Desislav

In Katranjiev, the education system was modelled on the Luziycan education system. While it still follows the general principle, there have been some alterations to the general concept over the years, notably by changing the years in 1953 from "Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2..." to "Year 1, Year 2, Year 3..." to distance itself from East Luziycan imperialism. The school year lasts from the first Monday of September to the last Friday of June, though it varies by duchy since they are in charge of education.

It has optional pre-kindergarten, known as a detsad in Luziycan, eryan (eрян) in Namorese, or a detska gradina in Katranjian, for children ages 3 to 5. On the year of the child's fifth birthday, children are required to enter a primary school (Katranjian: nachalno uchilishte, Luziycan: primaria shkola, Namorese: uniden hodong or yниден xодонг), with what would be Kindergarten in Luziyca being "Year 1." While they vary by duchy, after completing Year 5 (Grade 4), many enter intermediate schools (Katranjian: mezhdino uchilishte, Luziycan: srednya shkola, Namorese: jungjen hodong or джунгден xодонг), where they attend until finishing Year 9 (Grade 8), when all students enter secondary school (Katranjian: sredno uchilishte, Luziycan: secundae shkola, Namorese: goden hodong or годен xодонг). When one turns 16, students can drop out, but most continue until Year 13 (Grade 12), when they take the Royal Academic Test. Those who pass can graduate, but if they fail, they must repeat Year 13.

After graduation, many students go on to university. Some of the most prestigious universities are the Royal University of Krasimir, located in Krasimir.

Economy

Sestri extraction site and refinery in northern Trifonov

The economy of Katranjiev is reliant on the sectors of tourism, banking, mineral extraction, and manufacturing. The country's nominal GDP is $2,006,554,893,476, of which 31% is from mineral extraction (mainly oil), 31% from banking, 29% from tourism, 7% from manufacturing, and 2% from agriculture.

Major corporations headquartered within Katranjiev are Banka Krasimir (banking), Yuzhen more usluga (cruise ships), Sestri (oil extraction), and Yurgan (hotels). A notable historical corporation is the Production Division of Katranjian Airlines.

Demographics

Since the mid-1980s, the population of Katranjiev has decreased, due to emigration and increased death rates. Prior to that, though, a large baby boom had lasted from the start of the 26th of July Movement all the way until the 1970s.

Since the end of the People's Republic of Katranjiev in 1989, pillarization has become a significant problem in Katranjian society.

Ethnic groups

Katranjiev is widely considered to be a multicultural country. As of 2015, it has 23,903,392 people residing in its sixteen duchies, with 11,442,866 people (47.9% of the population) identifying as ethnic Katranjian, 7,356,128 (30% of the total population) identifying as Luziycan, and 3,466,875 (14.5%) ethnic Namorese. 1,816,658 (7.6%) are of other ethnicities, mainly comprising of Olindans, and Shudri.

Religion

Religiously, 15,497,334 people (64.8%) are Lutheran Catholics, followed with 2,600,157 Txoists, making up 10.8% of the total population. 1,744,948 people (7.3%) follow Calvinism, and 645,392 people (2.7%) follow other religions, mainly Buddhism and Hinduism. 14.4% of the national population are either agnostic or atheists, officially considered irreligious by the government.

Languages

The three official languages in Katranjiev are Katranjian, Luziycan and Namorese.

Katranjian and Luziycan are both part of the Slavic language family, with Luziycan generally used in the north, and Katranjian more in the south.

Namorese on the other hand is part of the Monic language family. While the standard variety is the one spoken in Namo, the colloquial speech is known as Southwestern Namorese, which is heavily influenced by Minjianese to the point that it is difficult to tell if it is a Namorese dialect or a Minjianese dialect.

Politics

Monarchy

Katranjiev is a constitutional monarchy, having been governed by the House of Desislav almost continuously from 1273, with a few exceptions due to ursurpers claiming the Katranjian throne, and the Liberationist regime from 1951-1989. Since 2015, the current monarch has been Elis of Katranjiev, following the abdication of her father, Apostol XV on the 14th anniversary of the start of his reign, due to his thyroid cancer.

The Constitution of 1885 forbade the monarch from proposing laws and/or decrees that have an "impact on the day to day operations of the country," except succession law, which the monarch is the only person to issue legislation regarding the succession law of the Katranjian royal family. Thus, the monarch is a figurehead, and is expected to serve as a representative of the nation. While the monarch of Katranjiev can refuse to grant assent to legislation, it is rare, and is only expected to be done in circumstances where there is an "imminent threat" to the democratic traditions of the country.

National

Composition of seats in the National Assembly as of the 2014 election

Since 2014, the 20th National Assembly (Narodnoto subranie) has been elected with 150 seats. The largest party is the Liberal Party of Katranjiev, with 81 seats, the Official Opposition are the Conservative Party of Katranjiev with 57 seats, and the party with the least amount of seats are the Liberationist Party of Katranjiev which once ruled the country from 1951 to 1989, holding the remainder of the seats. The two major parties are the Conservatives and Liberals, often competing in the central and southern regions, with the northern Luziycan areas being a Conservative stronghold and the south being predominantly Liberal, although it has Conservative ridings. The Liberationist stronghold has traditionally been the Riro region, where many Namorese live, though with the independence of much of Riro, there has been a drop in Liberationist support.

The leader of the Liberals is Prime Minister Margarit Ogynan, the leader of the Conservatives is Elena Magdarov, and the Liberationist leader is Rikard Daskalov. While both major parties appeal to Katranjians, the Conservatives are supported by the Luziycans moreso than the latter. The Liberationists are supported by ethnic Kannei Namorese, and is widely considered to represent Namorese interests, while Slavs tend to oppose the Liberationists, primarily due to the totalitarian state under Huankun Chen.

Judicial

Traditionally, the Kingdom of Katranjiev followed common law. However, during the People's Republic of Katranjiev, socialist law was implemented, beginning in June 1952, with all laws having been switched to the new standard in May 1955. Following the restoration of the Katranjian monarchy in 1989, common law was restored, but a law had to be passed to permit "ordinary" convictions (i.e. not politically motivated) during Liberationist times to remain in effect, and for records of "ordinary" offenses to be carried over.

Today, Katranjiev's judicial system has had great influence from both its own traditions of common law, as well as from Luziyca and Namor.

Policing is served by the ducal police, though the Ministry of Defense helps coordinate the police forces.

Culture

Literature

Traditional Katranjian literature is generally steeped in epics and adventures. Only the 1700s did other topics begin to be more common, particularly political and religious pamphlets. In the 1930s, the Golden Age of Katranjian Literature saw a rise in romance, action and science fiction, as well as a renaissance in adventures and political books, which continued until it abruptly ended in 1952 with censorship by the Liberationist regime.

Typical works during that period glorified Namor and Liberationism, but the quality declined significantly. Only after the downfall of the Liberationists in 1989 did literary life get restored.

Media

Katranjiev due to multiculturalism has a diverse media. The major television networks are KTV (Katranjian), Sevchik (Luziycan) and PBC (Namorese).

The major newspapers are Slevdovatel (Katranjian), Pochetny (Luziycan) and The People's Liberator (Namorese). All are broadsheets and tabloids have a rather poor reputation.

Radio is also divided on linguistic lines, with KNR1 in Katranjian, KNR2 in Luziycan, and KNR3 in Namorese, all operated by KTV. Commercial radio is also popular, usually broadcasting music and having synchronized broadcasts with KNR1, KNR2, or KNR3 depending on the language of broadcast.

Sports

Golkolka, 2003

The two most popular sports in the nation are cycling and association football.

The Golkolka is a major cycling race held in the country, having been held continuously since 1909. It is not to the same calibre as the Grand Tours in Esquarium, but is often considered to be one of the major cycling competitions in the region, and one of the few major cycling competitions on the professional level where both men and women can compete side by side.

Football is a major sport, with many professional clubs existing in the Royal Katranjian Football League, with the Premier League home to the best teams in the nation.

Cuisine

Katranjiev's cuisine has had quite a lot of influence, due to it being at the crossroads of Monic, and Slavic cultures. A major food that it is known is kiselo milyako, but a varient of vareniki, known as dundo was a traditional staple food, especially in the north. In the east, Namorese culinary trends have been common, with fen noodle soup and rice being staple foods in the east, with a Katranjian variant involving more meat than in Namor.

However, in the south, pita and baklava are heavily consumed.

A common desert is Garash cake, though lokum is especially common. Since the early 1900s, Katranjiev has had a high reputation for their sweets, especially chocolate, with one of the highest consumption rates of chocolate per year.

A beverage symbolic of Katranjiev is Chavdarov wine, usually consumed on special occasions such as weddings and birthdays, but in general, wine consumption is more common in the south than in the northern parts of the country, where beer is consumed.

Holidays

Below are a list of national holidays, often referred to as "statutory holidays."

Name Daten Description
New Year's Day January 1 Celebrates the start of the new year
Namorese New Year moveable Celebrates start of the Namorese lunar year
Good Friday moveable Commemorates the death of Jesus
Easter Sunday moveable Commemorates the resurrection of Jesus
St. George's Day April 23 Feast day of patron saint St. George, considered to be national day
May Day May 1 Celebrates the achievements of laborers
Restoration Day May 11 Celebrates the restoration of the Katranjian monarchy following a referendum in 1989
Pentecost moveable Celebrated 49 days after Easter Sunday
Midsummer June 24 Celebrates the start of summer
Memorial Day July 12 Commemorates the war dead in all wars fought by Katranjiev, held on the anniversary of the end of the Battle of Buonapace in Planinkhora (present-day Olinda)
Queen's Birthday August 26 Celebrates birthday of the Queen
Dissident Day December 11 Commemorates the dissidents who opposed the tyranny of the People's Republic of Katranjiev
Christmas Eve December 24 Night before Jesus was born
Christmas Day December 25 Celebrates birth of Jesus
Boxing Day December 26 Traditional gift-giving day in the north
New Year's Eve December 31 Celebrates the end of the old year