|Union Republic of Irvadistan
جمهورية كردستان الإسلامية المتحدة
al-Etihad al-Jumhūrīyah al-Iruādistan
|Motto: نشأ العراق
|Anthem: المكالمات الوطن
The Homeland Calls
|Status||Union Republic of the Union of Nautasian Islamic Republics|
and largest city
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic|
|-||Deputy President||Jamal Fakhri Tawfeek|
|-||Speaker of the Assembly||Adnan al-Hakim|
|Independence from Vyvland|
|-||Sovereignty Recognized||25 February 1935|
|-||Rise of socialist government||30 April 1975|
|-||Coup d'etat by Amin Kamel||5th June 1998|
|-||Coup d'etat by Irvadi military||5 May 2017|
|-||Transition to parliamentary republic||10 May 2017|
|-||Unification and federalisation||28 July 2017|
|GDP (nominal)||2013 estimate|
|Drives on the||left|
Irvadistan, officially the Union Republic of Irvadistan (Arabic: جمهورية كردستان الإسلامية المتحدة; al-Etihad al-Jumhūrīyah al-Iruādistan) is a Union Republice in the northeastern region of the Union of Nautasian Islamic Republics. It is bordered by the Union of Republics of Pasdan to the west and Ankoren to the south, with the Voragic Ocean to the east. Irvadistan is the smallest Union Republic in terms of area and population.
Irvadistan's history prior to unification is one dominated by civil unrest and political repression. Having been colonised by Tuthina, it did succeed in preserving its Islamic and Arab identity and culture, however following decolonisation, the short-lived Sultanate of Irvadistan collapsed in 1975, being replaced by the communist led Democratic Republic of Irvadistan. Although, the communist regime was able to dramatically modernise the country through the 1970s and 1980s due to large oil revenues, economic mismanagement soon resulted in stagnation, which resulted in greater repression. These dual vulnerabilities culminating in the Irvadi Civil War. In 1995, Amin Kamel seized control of the communist government, managing to stabilize the country. However, in 2014, decades of poverty and economic stagnation, coupled with sporadic outbreaks of civil war, the Caliphate was founded by Islamist rebels, sparking the Caliphate War. The war against the Caliphate, corruption, continued economic hardship and weakening institutions resulted in the 2017 Irvadi coup d'état, which overthrew the Amin Kamel regime. The regime was succeeded by a parliamentary republic dominated by the Ankoreni backed United Irvadi Alliance. Rapidly growing support for Ankoren and the defeat of the Caliphate by Ankoreni-Irvadi forces led to a successful victory for the pro-Ankoren camp, in the Irvadi unification referendum, 2017; resulting in its unification with Ankoren as a federal state.
Following unification, its economy recovered rapidly, as international investment, backed by Ankoreni implemented economic reforms greatly increased the pace of reconstruction. Irvadistan has the second largest oil reserves in Nautasia, after Ankoren. As such, it is a major producer of petrochemicals, but also has a strong and fast-growing manufacturing and technology industry.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics and Government
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
- 7 Education
- 8 Health
Independence and monarchy
Irvadi civil war
Following the coup on the 5 May, the National Stability and Prosperity Committee formally created a provisional government through which it would rule by decree until the establishment of a new constitution. Although the Provisional Government lasted five days, it was dominated by vast purges of state institutions and the arrests of an estimated 12,000 people. The Provisional Government, effectively wiped away the previous regime in preparation for a new system, as such the provisional government dissolved over 300 organisations and entities associated with the regime, ranging from the Irvadi Socialist Union, the Republican Guard, the Irvadi Socialist Youth Union as well as charitable foundations, think tanks, worker's societies and businesses.
600 people would be executed on the final day of the Provisional Government "for crimes against the people", most of whom were senior government officials, civil servants or officials in the secret police that refused to swear loyalty to the Irvadi people following the coup. The Provisional Government also purged the military itself of loyalist officers and soldiers, though offering pardons for those who swore loyalty to the people. Academics and commentators noted that the coup itself and the aftermath was "incredibly vicious, the provisional government in the space of five months purged more people, detained more people and arguably killed more people than the coup that brought Amin Kamel to power in the first place."
The Provisional government came to an end on the 10 May 2017, after it secured a deal to peacefully transfer power to the civilian and democratically elected government in the Provisional Authority of Irvadistan. The day also saw the re-integration of the Provisional Authority into Irvadistan proper, the transfer however, officially brought about a parliamentary republic, the first democracy to take shape in Irvadistan in its history.
On the 10 May 2017, Irvadistan transitioned from a provisional government to a parliamentary republic. Abdul-Tariq Samad, the leader of the Provisional Authority was elevated to President of Irvadistan. His first executive order was to officially rename Irvadistan, to the United Islamic Republic of Irvadistan. The same day he announced immediate elections for the rest of the country, excluding areas previously governed by the PAI. Elections were held five days later, in a rushed emergency election that produced a landslide victory for Samad's party; the United Irvadi Alliance secured a super majority and Samad was returned as president.
Efforts to remove all loyalists to Kamel continued under the Republic, however anti-Kamelist legislation was considered vague and was reportedly used to detain critics of the UIA and the coup, by May 25 over 25,000 people had been purged or detained and a further 3,000 had lost their jobs. On May 26, the government announced that it was in negotiations with Ankoren on the creation of a union between the two countries, which was backed by 68% of the population according to average polls.
Irvadistan consists mostly of arid plateau, although the eastern part of the country bordering the Great Ocean is fairly green. The Northwest of the country "al-Jazira" and the South "Hawran" are important agricultural areas. Two rivers run through Irvadistan, from the north to south runs the Khabur and from the north to the east runs the Khanzir, these two rivers are vital for the country's agricultural regions and are the primary locations of the population. Some parts of the country constitute highlands or mountains, with the Ruqqad Highlands running in the east, north to south, they are treated as a demarcation line between the arid and desert interior to the green coastal plains.
The highest point in Irvadistan is Mount Hajar Asud (2,814 m; 9,232 ft) located in the south-east on the border with Ankoren.
The climate in Irvadistan is dry and hot, and winters are mild. Because of the country's elevation, snowfall does occasionally occur during winter. Petroleum in commercial quantities was first discovered in the northwest in 1959. The most important oil fields are those of Suwaydan, Karasah, Qaramogh, and Tayyem, near Amudi. The fields are a natural extension of the Kraqi fields in the north. Petroleum became
Politics and Government
According to the 1995 Census (the last official census taken), the population of Irvadistan was 20,893,600. Civil War from that year onward affected the accuracy of a future census, one was almost taken in 2010, however the government halted the process in fear of officials' safety. The large increase in violence from 2014 to 2017 through the Caliphate uprising led the government to make estimates, driven mostly in determining the nature of the displaced population. The 2017 estimate puts the population of "people inside the country" at around 22 million. Estimates for Irvadistan's official population (considering if the population was not displaced is around 24.8 million).
Most people live in the Khabur and Khanzir River valleys and along the coastal plain, a fertile strip between the coastal mountains and the desert. Overall population density in Irvadistan is about XX per square kilometre (XXX per square mile).
In what the OEN had described as "the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era", about 9.9 million Irvadis, under half the population, have been displaced since the outbreak of the Caliphate phase of the Civil War in March 2014; 5 million are outside the country as refugees, however as of 2017 that number has dropped to 3.8 million as large numbers have begun to return home.