|United Islamic Republic of Irvadistan
جمهورية كردستان الإسلامية المتحدة
al-Muttaḥidah al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Iruādistan
|Motto: نشأ العراق
|Anthem: المكالمات الوطن
The Homeland Calls
and largest city
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic|
|-||Deputy President||Jamal Fakhri Tawfeek|
|-||Speaker of the Assembly||Adnan al-Hakim|
|Independence from Vyvland|
|-||Sovereignty Recognized||25 February 1935|
|-||Rise of socialist government||30 April 1975|
|-||Coup d'etat by Amin Kamel||5th June 1998|
|-||Coup d'etat by Irvadi military||5 May 2017|
|-||Transition to parliamentary republic||10 May 2017|
|GDP (nominal)||2013 estimate|
|Drives on the||left|
Irvadistan, officially the United Islamic Republic of Irvadistan (Arabic: جمهورية كردستان الإسلامية المتحدة; al-Muttaḥidah al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Iruādistan) is a unitary parliamentary republic in southern Nautasia. It is bordered by Kraq to the north, Petrea to the west, Ankoren to the south and the Great Ocean to the east. Around 88% of the country's 23 million people are Muslim, with a Shia minority and Sunni majority. The conflict between these two groups has often been the focal point of Irvadistan's numerous civil wars since independence. In addition, Irvadistan is home to a large mixture of ethnic groups.
Civilization in modern day Irvadistan dates back as far as 1007 BC. The nation was colonised by Vyvland in 1897 and remained a dominion until it gained Independence as the Haddad Sultnate. in 1975 the republic was overthrown through armed revolution and replaced by a North Koy-backed communist state, creating the Democratic Republic of Irvadistan. The communist government survived the global collapse of communism, however with it's primary backer Koyro in turmoil since 1989 much of Irvadistan's trade, military aid and other support collapsed. After 5 years of economic hardship tensions between the Shia minority and Sunni majoirty, which the largely secular communist government had been largely able to contain for twenty years, erupted in a Civil War which has dominated daily life in Irvadistan ever since. The Irvadi People's Defence Force, in an increasingly dire situation against moderate and extremist rebel forces alike, staged a coup on the 5th of June 1998 that established the military as the sole political power in Irvadistan. The Military regime soon re-established it's old ties with Koyro and shortly after Koyro intervened economically and militarily in order to preserve the regime. After decades of corruption and rising political tensions between the socialist regime of Amin Kamel, the Irvadi People's Defence Force launched a coup d'état on the 6 April 2017, seizing control of the government and officially dissolving the socialist regime. They established a provisional government in preparation for producing a new constitution. On the 10 May, the Irvadi provisional government surrendered power to a parliamentary republican system, with Abdul-Tariq Samad becoming the first democratically elected leader in Irvadi history.
Irvadistan is a member of a number of international organisations, including the Organisation of Esquarian Nations and the Triumvirate Alliance. In addition, Irvadistan is a founding member of the Organisation of Nautasian Unity.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics and Government
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
- 7 Education
- 8 Health
Independence and monarchy
Irvadi civil war
Following the coup on the 5 May, the National Stability and Prosperity Committee formally created a provisional government through which it would rule by decree until the establishment of a new constitution. Although the Provisional Government lasted five days, it was dominated by vast purges of state institutions and the arrests of an estimated 12,000 people. The Provisional Government, effectively wiped away the previous regime in preparation for a new system, as such the provisional government dissolved over 300 organisations and entities associated with the regime, ranging from the Irvadi Socialist Union, the Republican Guard, the Irvadi Socialist Youth Union as well as charitable foundations, think tanks, worker's societies and businesses.
600 people would be executed on the final day of the Provisional Government "for crimes against the people", most of whom were senior government officials, civil servants or officials in the secret police that refused to swear loyalty to the Irvadi people following the coup. The Provisional Government also purged the military itself of loyalist officers and soldiers, though offering pardons for those who swore loyalty to the people. Academics and commentators noted that the coup itself and the aftermath was "incredibly vicious, the provisional government in the space of five months purged more people, detained more people and arguably killed more people than the coup that brought Amin Kamel to power in the first place."
The Provisional government came to an end on the 10 May 2017, after it secured a deal to peacefully transfer power to the civilian and democratically elected government in the Provisional Authority of Irvadistan. The day also saw the re-integration of the Provisional Authority into Irvadistan proper, the transfer however, officially brought about a parliamentary republic, the first democracy to take shape in Irvadistan in its history.
On the 10 May 2017, Irvadistan transitioned from a provisional government to a parliamentary republic. Abdul-Tariq Samad, the leader of the Provisional Authority was elevated to President of Irvadistan. His first executive order was to officially rename Irvadistan, to the United Islamic Republic of Irvadistan. The same day he announced immediate elections for the rest of the country, excluding areas previously governed by the PAI. Elections were held five days later, in a rushed emergency election that produced a landslide victory for Samad's party; the United Irvadi Alliance secured a super majority and Samad was returned as president.
Efforts to remove all loyalists to Kamel continued under the Republic, however anti-Kamelist legislation was considered vague and was reportedly used to detain critics of the UIA and the coup, by May 25 over 25,000 people had been purged or detained and a further 3,000 had lost their jobs. On May 26, the government announced that it was in negotiations with Ankoren on the creation of a union between the two countries, which was backed by 68% of the population according to average polls.
Irvadistan consists mostly of arid plateau, although the eastern part of the country bordering the Great Ocean is fairly green. The Northwest of the country "al-Jazira" and the South "Hawran" are important agricultural areas. Two rivers run through Irvadistan, from the north to south runs the Khabur and from the north to the east runs the Khanzir, these two rivers are vital for the country's agricultural regions and are the primary locations of the population. Some parts of the country constitute highlands or mountains, with the Ruqqad Highlands running in the east, north to south, they are treated as a demarcation line between the arid and desert interior to the green coastal plains.
The highest point in Irvadistan is Mount Hajar Asud (2,814 m; 9,232 ft) located in the south-east on the border with Ankoren.
The climate in Irvadistan is dry and hot, and winters are mild. Because of the country's elevation, snowfall does occasionally occur during winter. Petroleum in commercial quantities was first discovered in the northwest in 1959. The most important oil fields are those of Suwaydan, Karasah, Qaramogh, and Tayyem, near Amudi. The fields are a natural extension of the Kraqi fields in the north. Petroleum became
Politics and Government
Irvadistan is a parliamentary republic, although unlike most such republics the President is both head of state and head of government, and depends for his tenure on the confidence of the People's Assembly. The executive, legislature and judiciary are all subject to the supremacy of the Constitution, and the superior courts have the power to strike down executive actions and acts of Assembly if they are unconstitutional; however judicial independence is weak within the constitution at the hands of the executive.
The People's Assembly, is the unicameral parliament of Irvadistan, and consists of 400 members and is elected every five years by a majoritarian system. The 400 members of the Assembly represent one-representative constituencies.
After each parliamentary election, the People's Assembly elects one of its members as President; hence the President serves a term of office the same as that of the Assembly, normally five years, however this tends to be the leader of the largest party in the Assembly. No President may serve more than two terms in office. The President appoints a Deputy President and Ministers, who form the Cabinet which consists of Departments and Ministries. The President and the Cabinet may be removed by the People's Assembly by a motion of no confidence.
In the most recent election, held on 31 May 2017, the United Irvadi Alliance (UIA) won 64.1% of the vote and 351 seats, while the main opposition, the Alliance for a Democratic Future (ADF) won 22.2% of the vote and 34 seats. The Worker's Party, won 6.4% of the vote and 10 seats, coming third was the Islamic People's Union, which won 7.3% of the vote and 5 seats.