Huankun Chen

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Founding (Paramount) Leader

Huankun Chen
Xуaнкун Чeн

Katranflag5189.png Paramount Leader of the People's Republic of Katranjiev
In office
Dec. 11, 1937 – Oct. 16, 1970
President Himself
Rongtai Wen
Nuoju Zeng
Baikun Qing
Premier Sasho Yanev
Deyan Dobrev
Nuoju Zeng
Preceded by Office Created
Succeeded by Office abolished
Katranflag5189.png President of the People's Republic of Katranjiev
In office
Dec. 11, 1937 – Dec. 11, 1947
Premier Sasho Yanev
Preceded by office created
Succeeded by Rongtai Wen
High Chairman of the Liberationist Party of Katranjiev
In office
Nov. 21, 1920 – Oct. 16, 1970
Preceded by Grigor Sokolov
Succeeded by Nuoju Zeng (co-head, 1984-1986)
Baikun Qing (co-head, 1984-1986, head 1986-1995)
KatranjievFlag.PNG Prime Minister of Katranjiev
In office
May 11, 1937 – Dec. 11, 1937
Monarch Apostol XIV
Deputy Sasho Yanev
Preceded by Ognyan Simeonov
Succeeded by post abolished (1937-1976)
Blazhe Hristov (1976)
Personal details
Born May 19, 1888
Chunov, Maritsa, Katranjiev (present-day Riro)
Died Oct. 16, 1970 (aged 82)
Krasimir, Krasimir Commune, Katranjiev
Nationality Katranjian
Political party Liberationist Party
Spouse(s) Bisera Chen (b. Aug. 3, 1889, m. May 1, 1906-Aug. 3, 1958, d. Aug. 3, 1958)
Nuoju Zeng (b. Sept. 11, 1935, m. Dec. 15, 1958-Oct. 16, 1970)
Children Yung Chen (b. 1907, d. 2003)
Ah Chen (b. 1910, d. 2013)
Bai Chen (b. 1911, d. 2004)
Zhou Chen (b. 1913, d. 2001)
Kong Chen (b. 1915, d. 2016)
Apostol Chen (b. 1917, d. 1985)
Li Chen (b. 1920, d. 1988)
Yunglang Chen (b. 1921, d. 2005)
Lang Chen (b. 1924)
Sxo Chen (b. 1961)
Alma mater Royal University of Katranjiev
Profession Politician
Religion Txoist

Huankun Chen was a 20th century Liberationist politician, leader, and political theorist. Born in 1888, he joined the Liberationists in 1910, becoming the second member and co-founding the party with Grigor Sokolov, a professor who studied Namorese history, and helped promote the party. In 1920 after Sokolov's death, he became the High Chairman and in 1925, they gained their first seats. In 1937, he became Prime Minister through elections widely alleged to be rigged and reduced the powers of the Electoral Commission. In October of that year when the Supreme Court began investigating, he suspended the 1884 constitution and by December ended the monarchy and created the People's Republic through a fraudulent referendum, becoming its first President, serving from 1937 to 1947, but maintaining his influence over politics until his death in 1970.

Background

Early years

Huankun was born in Chunov in the Duchy of Maritsa (present-day Riro, Namor) in 1902 as the son of Feng Chen and Lu Qi, members of a lower-middle class family. When he was four, he was sent to live with his distant uncle (Zedong Chen) in Desislav, since his father lost his job and the family couldn't support themselves. Zedong who was a shipbuilder and endured poverty.

In Desislav, Huankun enrolled in a private school (his uncle saving money so he could afford a chance to go to school) where he excelled in many activities, although rampant racism gave him lower grades than anticipated; when his uncle found out of the racial bias, his uncle complained to the Duke of Desislav to investigate racial biases, which he did and determined it was biased. After 1906, when he graduated, he returned to Chunov where he met his mother (his father died) for the first time in nine years. In 1907, he enrolled at the Royal University of Krasimir, initially to major in psychology, but in 1909, he switched his major to law and political science.

Early activity in the Liberationists

In 1910, after his professor Grigor Sokolov returned from a trip with Namor where he found out of the Liberationists, he established one in Katranjiev and Huankun joined as its second member. With 14 members, all university-students, they ran as a minor party in 1914, but did not win any seats. Despite that, in 1916, he graduated with high honors and he lived with his professor while working as a manual laborer. In 1927, he began recruting, predominantly from the Namorese in the east, and by 1930, his party had 3,000 members, and ran for elections, but no seats were won. Despite that, he was undeterred in his convictions, and continued recruiting and held rallies. In 1932, in an election in the Duchy of Maritsa, the Liberationists won control of their Legislature, followed by Katran's legislature in 1934. Later that year, his mentor, Sokolov died and he was elected the second leader of the Liberationists. His headquarters were moved from Krasimir to Chunov, hoping to use those as a base to obtain power.

In 1935, he won seats in the National Assembly as well as majority control of the legislatures of Trifonov and Iztokov. Finally, in 1938, he won a majority of seats in Valariev, and effectively taking much of the Namorese vote. As a result, in 1940, their seats tripled, becoming the third-largest party in the National Assembly. During the 1940s, they were staunchly anti-Chorean and they passed a law in 1942 sending the entire Chorean population of 3,500 to camps near Gorbachev in the Duchy of Chavdarov, which due to the cold and altitude, only 40 Choreans survived when the camps were disbanded in 1946. In 1946, they became Official Opposition, and won control of the legislatures of Chavdarov, Chenov, Sokolov, and Talnakh, and became official opposition of the legislatures in Krasimir, Iliev, Haralambi and Desislav. By 1950, his party became a powerful force, but lost a few seats.

Leadership

In April 1951, he rigged the 1951 elections and obtained a majority in the National Assembly. Complaints were made to the Federal Electoral Commission, and he responded by curtailing the powers of the FEC in June. As a result, the Supreme Court was petitioned to investigate, and it began doing so in October, resulting in the suspension of the 1919 Constitution and effectively ending the investigation in the vote-rigging.

On Nov. 18th, the royal family was arrested, and on Dec. 9th, a new constitution was laid out, which was approved by referendum on Dec. 11th, which was fraudulent at 99% approval of the establishment of the Republic. A few days later, a show trial found Ilarion Boyanov and Marin Daskalov guilty and they were executed on Jan. 1, 1952 while Ogynan and Apostol XIV (and his family) were sentenced to house arrest in modest dwellings near Gorbachev in March 1952.

During his term in office, he implemented policies that ostensibly conformed to the Four Stages of the Revolution, but his policies greatly benefited the Namorese minority, and discriminated against the Slavs. Even after leaving the Presidency in 1961, he still maintained an iron grip on political affairs all the way until his death in 1984.

Personal life

His first wife was Bisera Chen (nee Marzov), born in 1903. They met in Krasimir in 1917 in psychology with Bisera wanting to be the first female psychologist in Katranjiev. They gradually became closer and then in 1920, they married and between 1921 and 1936, they had nine children together, named after Namorese and Katranjian names. While their children did enroll in university, none played a role in Katranjian politics, and Bisera Chen was a social recluse, rarely appearing at state functions when she was alive, though she was a psychologist from 1928 to 1967. Bisera Chen died in 1969 from cerebral ischemia.

However, beginning the mid-1950s, a polyamorous relationship developed between Huankun Chen and Nuoju Zeng, who became an important member in the Liberationist Party. After she took power, she wrote the new lyrics for the Katranjian anthem, and it was approved by him. While Nuoju Zeng remained single, Bisera Chen tolerated the relationship, and Huankun Chen became more influenced by Nuoju Zeng, to such an extent that she persuaded him to appoint her to various government positions. Immediately after Chen's death, Nuoju Zeng would go on to marry Huankun Chen and had a child, Sxo Chen in 1975.

Death

Huankun Chen Mausoleum, 1987

Towards the end of his life, Huankun Chen began suffering from health problems. In 1977, he was diagnosed with lung cancer, and while it was treated, he went into remission in 1981, and despite efforts to treat it, his health kept deteriorating. He only turned up for special events, and favored Nuoju Zeng more than Baikun Qing. His last major speech was in 1983, and his last public appearance was on Mar. 28, 1984 where he uttered a few words and was quite sickly and frail. He didn't speak at the May Day parade, and on June 28, he fell into a coma. The Shuvet began crumbling, but at his death on Oct. 16th, all businesses were closed, classes were cancelled, and all activity ceased. His body was laid in state at the Krasimir Castle.

On October 22nd, 1984, the funeral was held for Huankun Chen. Nuoju Zeng gave an eulogy, declaring that "the last true leader of the Liberationists who continued on the path of the benevolent leader has passed on and joined him in the skies above." The procession continued to the newly-constructed Huankun Chen Mausoleum, which took a month to build. Thus, he was permanently embalmed and was put on public display at the main square.

After the fall of Liberationism, the mausoleum remained open for a few years, but on December 24, 1990, due to declining tourism to the monument, and its negative connotations, the mausoleum was closed to the general public at 11 pm with the plan to move Huankun Chen's body to Chunov. On January 22nd, 1991, his body was moved to Chunov and interred alongside his first wife, Bisera Chen. The mausoleum was vacant, except for occasional art installations, until July 1998 when it was controversially decided to demolish the mausoleum, despite 2/3rds of residents opposing the demolition, due to it being a symbol of a "repressive past."

Legacy

His legacy is controversial, and divided. Amongst the Namorese, he is seen as a benevolent leader who improved the country for the better, and that he ended the relics of feudalism. Many of them voted to maintain the status quo when the People's Republic ended in 1989 following a referendum to restore the Katranjian monarchy. They honor him as a national hero and a patriot, and supported his stance on anti-imperialism.

In contrast, ethnic Luziycans and Katranjians generally view him as a tyrant, noting that he rigged the 1951 general elections and when the Supreme Court began, he suspended the constitution and remodeled the political system in several months. They argue that his policies only benefited the Namorese at best, and at worst, it caused grievous harm to the country.

However, many cannot deny his strong influence on national politics: after his death, a power vacuum caused the 1984-1986 Katranjian political crisis which ultimately led to the downfall of Liberationism in the country.