|The Federative Republic of Hollinsgurd
Chónaid Roblacht oph Hoïncgurd
Чйнад Роблачт оф Хончгюрд
|Motto: Blind to class, boundaries and race|
|Anthem: The Iron Door|
|Ethnic groups||Hollish (53%)
|Government||Federal Constitutional Republic|
|-||Leader of Hollinsgurd||Svetlana Kovalyova|
|-||Vice Commander||Marina Vichov|
|-||Upper house||House of Senate|
|-||Lower house||House of Leaders|
|-||Total||23,853,332 km2 (1st in region)
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ",". sq mi
|-||estimate||214,778,934 (2nd in region)|
|GDP (PPP)||2035 estimate|
|-||Total||$9.912 Trillion (1st in region)|
|-||Per capita||$46,149.58 (2nd in region)|
|GDP (nominal)||2035 estimate|
|-||Total||$10.010 Trillion (1st in region)|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||HD|
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Hollinsgurd (Hollinsgurd: Hollinsgurdian), officially The Federative Republic of Hollinsgurd is a large inland nation located in Verdien. It is the largest country on Anacarri by land area. Nearby nations include Zangelande, Swestein, and Neninshka
During the Colonial Rush, Hollinsgurd, Borkhin and other nations were quick to lay claim to the lands of the recently collapsed Galonian Empire, which stood south of Neninshka. Hollinsgurd set up a new colony, naming it New Hollinsgurd, which formally became its own governing state 23 June 2005, nearly 116 years after its colonization.
- 1 Etyomology
- 2 History
- 3 Mid Modern Period
- 4 Modern Period
- 5 Belov Crisis
- 6 Geography
- 7 Education
- 8 Government
- 9 Politics
- 10 Hollinsgurds First Election
- 11 Main Candiates
- 12 Wars
- 13 Culture
- 14 Religion
The name Hollinsgurd comes from two distinct words: hollish and gurd. The word 'hollish' comes from the neo-gurdian term meaning "those from the land of hollind". 'Gurd' also stems neo-gurdian term meaning "belonging of the Gurdian Empire. Thus, the name 'Hollinsgurd' literally translates to "the people who originated from the land of hollind ruled by the Gurdian Empire".
Note: Hollinsgurdian history is divided into "periods" as the timeline will show.
The Gurdn culture arrived around 100 AP, introducing faith, science, math and philosophy. It was during this time that major Neogurdian monuments such as Stonewood and Agen were constructed. By heating together tin and copper, which were in abundance in the area, the Gurdn culture people made bronze, and later iron from iron ores. The development of iron smelting allowed the construction of better ploughs, advancing agriculture, as well as the production of more effective weapons.
The Holind People of the Gurdn culture developed a government that was a Theocracy, and the women were considered inferior to men. If a women was to speak out, or when told not speak she would beaten or banned from the tribe. In this theocracy each man was to govern their house, if their house fell then the entire house would be banished.
The Holind people were a tribe of nomadic people from the lands of hollind which was ruled by the Gurdian Empire. The Gurdian Empire ruled over lands of current day Neninshka. The Hollind people were sent by the King of the Gurdian Empire to travel north to discover new lands. It is unknown as to when they were sent, though the first evidence of the Holind people north of Neninshka states it was around the year 320EY.
The Hollindgur people set up small tribes and spread their own culture to other tribes in the area. Around the year 480AP the Kingdom of Hollindgur was created. It rapidly expanded north conquering the uninhabitable nordic regions. An exposition sent by the Gurdian Empire to dismantle the new Nordic kingdom was sent in the year 512AP. A majority of the army had retreated due to the harsh weather conditions of the Great Frost, the rest of the army either died or was killed off by smaller tribes.
Once the first king of the Holind people was crowned, this started the The Kings of Holind Period.
The Kings of Holind Period
During this period the Holind People were referred to as Hollindgur The Grand Kingdom. Hollindgur had entered into an alliance with five kingdoms in the year 840KY. which created the Great Alastain Period. Though from 540KY to 840KY Hollindgur was plagued with bandits, thugs, and insurrectionist. Though the grand army of the Verment Age (540-639) had eliminated the majority of these criminals. This period had two ages and one dynasty.
- The Verment Age (540-639)
- The Airde Dynasty (639-759)
- The Ordel Age (759-842)
The Verment Age was the first set of Kings in this period. This age was by no means peaceful, many internal and external threats against Hollindgurd. This age was incredibly religious, and forcefully spread its beliefs around the entire realm to unite the realm under their "divine" leadership.
The Airde Dynasty expanded their borders North, East and West. This Dynasty was ruled by three names, Airde, Jenter and Orden. During this dynasty, there were many advances in science, mathematics, medicine and education. The grand army was also rapidly advanced due to all the other areas being heavily advances.
The Ordel Age was considered the age of reason, Hollindgur created alliances with other kingdoms around them. In 782KY Hollindgur had changed its kingdoms name to The Kingdom of Hollinsgurd. In 842YK King Oredel V the Uniter created the Council of the Five Nordic Kingdoms (C.F.N.K.), the five Kingdoms were, Alastain, Jhenica, Alectenor, Heinstroeh and Hollindgur. This grand alliance though founded by Hollindgur was governed by Alastain due to its incredible influence over the Nordic Areas. This alliance was first formed in 840, though wasn't initiated until 842 when Heinstroeh; the final Signature of the Treaty signed. Once this treaty was created the Grand Alastain Period had begun.
Grand Alastain Period
The Grand Alastain Period was from 842YK to around 1583YK. This was a time of rapid scientific and cultural expansion of a united Alastain culture following the Council of the Five Nordic Kingdoms.
It was during this time time that great painters such as Ver Iganad and composers like Dorius Vershin lived and displayed their works. This period also saw the rise of institutions of higher learning and the attempt to improve the lot of the lower class(or just to make them more efficient slaves...historians debate as to which was more likely.). Perhaps the greatest achievement of the period was the fundamentals of space(Although it would be many more years before the full understanding of space.). The period ended abruptly with the Invasion of Shillin, this regime took full control of Alastain within a year. Due to this grand conquering of Alastain the period that followed was called the Gray
The Gray Period
The Formation Period was from 1622FY to 1667FY. THis period directly followed after the Gray Period, this period allowed Alastain to retake control of Hollinsgurd from Shillin Rule.
Following the recent regained control of Alastain in 1622, Alastain faced a dispute in which several contenders laid claim to the throne of Alastain. The last Honorable King of Alastain had a grandson who laid immediate claim to the throne, yet many powerful aristocrats believed he was killed with his father in 1584. This therefore reinstated the dispute until Sir Daymen Airegov a member of the Alastain Royal Court ruled that the grandson, King Edard Petryov was the true heir to the Alastain throne and was therefore crowned in 1624.
Early Modern Period
Dictators of Alastain Alastain Civil War
Mid Modern Period
The First Authority was created in a result of the Alastain Civil War, the first authority wasn't known as the first authority until the collapse of the Second Authority in 1977. The Federal Hisorical Agency declared in 1979 that any overthrow of government would result in the creation of a new Authority. Modern day we are in the Fourth Authority.
Siclonan Hollinsgurd War
The Belov Crisis is the name of a minor political scandal in which the Belov administration turned against President Jacob B. Belov. On August 23rd 2023 Randal Jakibosorov a well known extremist of the Socialist Peoples Party. Jakibosorov assembled the majority of the movement which stirred up the Belov Crisis 2024. Jakiosorov on February 18th 2024 quietly started intermingling in international affairs when he was appointed Foreign Ambassador to Borkhin. Many believe jakibosorov is behind the decreasing relations between Borkhin and Hollinsgurd. Stating many false facts against them. belov wasn't aware of the corruption and the dismantling going on until May 27th 2024, at the annual Borkhinian Conference.
Immediately Jakibosorov was charged with treason of the highest degree, but was found not guilty with lack of suspects. Jakibosorov has created a movement against the current Hollinsgurdian Economic and Political standings, he believes that a more socialistic and 'equal' society would benefit far greater than an oppressive democracy that set to fail when it was created. Though the public has ignored many of the messages Jakibosorov has stated there is a political movement inside the house which will most likely turn more socialist in the House Elections 2025.
This crisis also international fear in the Hollinsgurdian rising Economy. It has been stated that a fall in such a large economy could not only cripple the nation but cripple the world. In 2024 the economy of Hollinsgurd fell into a recession when the House of Leaders and Congress couldn't agree on a new economic reform for the upcoming year 2025. Though the Belov Crisis caused no dip in approval ratings for President Belov it has caused a certain fear in the eyes of the populace.
On October 3rd 2024 President Belov was shot at a town hall meeting when a follower of Jakibosorov made a failing shot at the President, but aimed again and missed. He was then killed by the Presidents secret service agency. This assaination attempt made Belovs stance within the corrupted administration more firm and futile. He and Vice President Leonid Sokolov enacted a bill which allows the President to fire any member within an older administration, he is also able to create a new administration at any time deemed necessary by him and the Vice President. This increase in power is said to be a decrease in democracy.
The States of Hollinsgurd
The geography of New Hollinsgurd
Education in Hollinsgurd is an education system with no tuition fees. The present Hollinsgurd education system consists of daycare programs (for babies and toddlers) and a one-year "pre-school" (or kindergarten for six-year-olds); a nine-year compulsory basic comprehensive school (starting at age seven and ending at the age of fifteen); post-compulsory secondary general academic and vocational education; higher education (University and University of Applied Sciences); and adult (lifelong, continuing) education. The Hollinsgurdian strategy for achieving equality and excellence in education has been based on constructing a publicly funded comprehensive school system without selecting, tracking, or streaming students during their common basic education. Part of the strategy has been to spread the school network so that people have a school near their homes whenever possible or, if this is not feasible, e.g. in rural areas, to provide free transportation to more widely dispersed schools.
After their nine-year basic education in a comprehensive school, students at the age of 16 may choose to continue their secondary education in either an academic track or a vocational track, both of which usually take three years and give a qualification to continue to tertiary education. Tertiary education is divided into university and polytechnic, also known as "university of applied sciences" systems. Universities award licentiate- and doctoral-level degrees. Formerly, only university graduates could obtain higher (postgraduate) degrees, however, since the implementation of the Bologna process, all bachelor's degree holders can now qualify for further academic studies. There are 17 universities and 27 universities of applied sciences in the country.
During the Repina Administrations first term, the major goal was decreased taxation. President Yuna Repina passed in the House of the Senate CEO; Complete Education Overhaul. This legislation was to cut education spending by 8% in the first annual Government Budget Hearing of 2027, and decrease by another 5% in the second annual Government Budget Hearing of 2027. The decreased funding of Education in Hollinsgurd was projected to decrease taxation by 5% over the course of two years. Though due to the Transfer of Funds clause in the legislation, taxation only decreased by 1.7%.
The government is vested into a congress headed by the Leader of Hollinsgurd. The congress of Hollinsgurd is divided into three congressional levels. The higher the level the more power it has, therefore level 3 is the most powerful.
Level three is headed by the House of Senate then it divides its power into the House of Leaders and the Judicial House. These three houses act as a check and balance to each other giving the Presidential Office the last say in any matter. Though the Presidential Office has the last say it is often noted it has the most authority over any of the other houses.
Level two is usually considered the federal level of the states, it consists of two assemblies, Governors Assembly and the Mayoral Assembly. The Governors Assembly heads the Mayoral Assembly and often has the last say in state and district matters. Though the Mayoral Assembly has the only say in county and city matters.
Level one is the lowest level and has the least power, though almost always has a loud voice in what happens in the third level. The first level is headed by the Mayoral Assembly and power is divided into a People's Assembly and Town Halls. The People's Assembly and the Town Halls are ran by the populace of the country.
Third Congressional Level
Level Three is the most powerful level in Hollinsgurds Congress, it hold the House of Senate, House of Leaders and the Judicial House. These three house act as a check and balance to eachother. The Presidential Office is in the Third Level only becuase in the constitution of Hollinsgurd the President of Hollinsgurd is the demum loquere in all matters of Federal and State levels. The constitution of Hollinsgurd clearly states the powers that each house has.
The House of Senate is composed of five Senators from each districts state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for four years. Each Senator has two votes, though if a Senator is absent, he shall have no vote for the present bill and the bill thereafter.
As per the Constitution, the House of Senate only votes for bills passed by the House of Leaders. Every bill must be passed by the House of Leaders then signed by the Presidential Office. If the Presidential Office denies the bill it shall go back to the House of Leaders and pass with 3/4 the vote, and pass with 3/4 the vote in the House of Senate.
The House of Leaders is composed of members chosen every tenth year by the Leader of the state, and the electors in each state(country) shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the country legislature. No person can be a Leader who shall not have attained the age of thirty, and been 15 years a citizen of The Federation of the Republic of Hollinsgurd.
As per the Constitution, the House of Leaders makes and passes federal laws. The House is one of Congress’s three chambers, and part of the federal government’s legislative branch. The number of voting representatives in the House is fixed by law at no more than 340, proportionally representing the population of the 17 states. Each state has 20 Leaders, therefore there are 340 Leaders. 48% of Leaders are Right Wing Socialist, 25% of Leaders are Left Wing Socialist, 17% of Leaders are apart of the Socialist Peoples Party,7% of Leaders are apart of the Peoples Democracy Party, and 3% of Leaders are apart of the Green Party.
The Judicial House is a small branch of government, though this branch holds the Constitution to each and every citizen. This house translates the Constitution through every era of time. This Branch is the only Branch that can propose amendments to the Constitution without Presidential consent.
The Presidential Office is the executive power of Hollinsgurd. He shall hold office during the term of five years, together with the Vice President, considered the Dead Leader to many citizens. The election of a President is super-democratic system. Each state of Hollinsgurd is to appoint one member to represent them, usually the governor of the state).
The Elected Officer to the Presidential Office shall be called Leader of Hollinsgurd, and he will be Leader of the House of Senate. During the Presidential election the House of Leaders and the House of Senate shall also appoint their President in a similar way the President of Hollinsgurd is chosen.
Each House shall have a Judge appointed by the President and voted in by the People of the Federation of the Republic of Hollinsgurd. Each House is able to regulate its own laws, punish any member to the extent of humanism. Shall there be a disagreement of laws, they may go to the President and the President shall therefore vote on the laws of the House. Each House must keep a journal of proceedings, and must be published once a year and put in the Library of Keepings.
The current Federal President is Alexander Netrysov, elected in 2015.
Second Congressional Level
Level Two is the second level in Hollinsgurds Congress, it hold the Governors Assembly and the Mayoral Assembly. The Governors Assembly heads the Mayoral Assembly, though has no legal say in the matters. The Governors Assembly has legal say in only state and district matters. The Mayoral Assembly has legal say in only county and city matters. These two Assmblies are Composed of every governor and every mayor in the country of Hollinsgurd, though the governor of a specific state is the head of the mayors in that specific state.
A Governor is the state's highest-ranking elected official, but his or her actual duties are more varied than, say, an elected member of the state legislature, whose main role is to propose and vote on new legislation. A Governor's responsibilities vary from state to state depending on the constitution within that state. A Governor's official duties can include signing bills into law, serving as commander-in-chief of the state's National Guard and militia forces, convening special sessions of the state legislature, delivering a "state of the state" address to citizens, granting commutations and pardons to prisoners and appointing people to various judicial and state offices.
Hollinsgurd has two types of Ayors yet they are both apart of the Mayoral Assembly, the County Mayor and the City Mayor. Traditionally, Mayors oversee county and city main departments, including the police, fire, education, housing and transportation departments. At the same time, their responsibilities vary depending on the local power structure. Mayors are also apart of the EGM (Equal Group of Mayors) equal to all other members, except for a few other responsibilities. The mayor in this structure may have final authority over fiscal issues and will usually be the presiding member over all the council meetings, sign proclamations for the city and make ceremonial appearances.
First Congressional Level
The First Congressional Level is considered the most influential level in Hollinsgurd Congress. It is composed of a People's Assembly and Town Halls, the Mayoral Assembly is the head of Level One. The County Mayor is head of the local Town Halls. Level one is divided into two different governing powers, yet the People's Assembly makes up the Town Halls. In the Town Halls the people are able to share complaints and or ideas to the County Mayor to represent to the Governor of the State. The Governor then is to represent it to the Senate and from the Senate to the House of Leaders, then to the Presidential Office. Level One is the lowest yet this level proposes the most bills and acts, (most of these proposals never make it to the Senate due to the fact they are considered State issues).
Hollinsgurd is a Federal Constitutional Republic, with a Leader as a head of state. The government structure centers on the Congress of Hollinsgurd, led by each level of Congress. The Leader is elected by the Electoral Popular vote every five years and has no term limit.
The Constitution of Hollinsgurd is the supreme law in contemporary Hollinsgurd, and the Hollinsgurdian legal system is based on the principle of civil rights, governed by the code of Civil Law. The modern day Constitution of Hollinsgurd is an expanded version of the Alastainian Constitution, this new constitution enacted a more democratic system of government. Before the Alastain Civil war the Congress was only compromised of the Supreme Presidential Office and the House of Senate, though there was a House of Leaders this house had no political say.
In the past thirty-five years, Hollinsgurs has extended its responsibilities and position in the world and international affairs, supporting and establishing friendly relations with other nations world wide and a large number of 'developing' countries.
Hollinsgurd is apart of the UCCN, a group of thirteen nations that have in recent years shaped the Democratic World. In 1994, Hollinsgurd became an associate member of the UCCN and became one of its defensive arms.
After the Second Borkhinian War and fall of many Communist states, Verdien was redrawn. Right after this war Hollinsgurd was determined to increase its Foreign Relations with the rest of the world. Hollinsgurd initiated the Peace Act of 1924 that brought a temporary peace agreement with Borkhin to decrease tensions between the two Nations.
Domestic Relations in Hollinsgurd have always been calm. During the Siclonian-Bork War there were many protest due to the fact Hollinsgurd entered the war as an unnessecary ally to Siclona. Police imprisoned over 300 protestors, and 12 people died due to riots getting out of hand. As these protest started to dwindle down near the end of the war there was a threat of Second Bork War also known as the First War of Many Nations. The war was a fight against a total dictatoral regime that had slowly crept across Borkhin, Neninshka, Gurd, and into Siclona. These accured as a result of the Siclonian-Bork War. Citizens became uneasy as the threat of war grew to be even stronger as months went on. Again as the war came to be protest across Hollinsgurd soon followed.
Though Hollinsgurd has had many wars and has participated in the Keeping Anacarri Democratic movement, the people who reside in Hollinsgurd seem to have a different view on war.
Law Enforcemmet and Emergency Services
Hollinsgurds First Election
The First Election of Hollinsgurd was taken place on Thursday, October 1st, 2015, where the populace chose Alexander Netrysov. The Left Wing Socialist nominee Alexander C. Netrysov, and his running mate Carl Seleznyok, were elected to their first term, defeating the Right Wing Socialist nominee Jacob B. Belov and his running mate Leonid Sokolov. Also defeating Green Party nominee Carl Seleznyok who was therefore chosen to be Netrysovs running mate after the winning of Netrysovs campaign.
This being the first Election in choosing its leader many statesmen were chosen to represent their State. Each Candidtae was placed into six different parties; Left Wing Socialist, Right Wing Socialist, Socialsit Peoples Party, Peoples Democracy and Green Party. The current president is according to the constitution allowed to appoint three individuals he feels would best represent him and the entirety of the nation for the next five years. These parties were during the 2015 Presidential Election and 2020 Presidential Election considered major political parties. Both campaigns during the election focused heavily on the economy, domestic policy, taxation, healthcare and education reform. As did these two campaigns focus on their way of trying to Stabilize Borkhin. During the Presidential Election of 2020 Hollinsgurd also had the 2015 Senate Election.
Netrysov defeated Belov and Seleznyok, winning both the popular vote and the electoral vote, with Netrysov receiving 140 EV, Belov receiving 121, and Seleznyok receiving 13. Netrysov became the second leader of the Fourth Authority, and 12th leader of the Federation of the Republic of Hollinsgurd. President Netrysov won 8 states, Belov won 6 states, and Seleznyok won 3 states.
The 2015 election main candidates:
|Left Wing Socialist||Right Wing Socialist||Socialist Peoples Party||Peoples Democracy||Green Party||Appointed or Independent|
|David R. Mishin||Jacob Henswarn||[Farid Izmailov]]||Maxim Vasilyev||Blasius Gorshkov||Robert Ankudinov|
|Alexander C. Netrysov||Kenneth J. Madden||Malik Ermakov||Zahar Tokaryev||Carl Seleznyok||Ravil Kruglov|
|Egor Hamilton||William D. Larksov||Robert Pokrovsky||--||--||Myron Galkin|
|--||Jacob B. Belov||--||--||--||--|
|--||Jackson B. Repin||--||--||--||--|
In the General Election the candidates that were placed on the 2015 Presidential Election were, Alexader C. Netrysov, Jacob B. Belov, Daniel Ibrahimov of the Left Wing Socialist Party, Farid Izmailov of the Socialist People's Party receiving 100% of the party's vote. The Green Party nominee was Carl Seleznyok. The former president Alexander Nekrasov appointed Robert Ankudinov and the independent was Maxim Vasilyev.
|Alexander C. Netrysov||Left Wing Socialist||37.1%|
|Jacob B. Belov||Right Wing Socialist||32.4%|
|Carl Seleznyok||Green Party||22.8%|
|Farid Izmailov||People's Socialist Party||7.5%|
Voter Turnout Voter turnout for this election was at 86.4%.
Jacob B Belov
Hollinsgurd has had a history with wars
- First Borkhinian War 1236-1239
- Lavian Invasion 1331-1338
- Shillin Invasion 1622-1623
- Alecgatir Conquest 1791-1793
- Siclonian-Bork War 1914-1919
- Second Borkhinian War 1920-1923
- Third Borkhinian War 1946-1952
- War of True Democracy 2027-2029
- January 1st - New Years Day
- March 15th
- July 15th - Nationalist Day