Great Northern Asuran War
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|Great Northern Asuran War|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Pavel Karsten Ljubov
Fyodor Georg Eigal
| 550 000
The Great Northern Asuran War, known as the Neverag War in Aleia and the Newrey-Aleian War in Newrey, was a military conflict in Aeia that lasted from 1935 until 1941. The war was primarily fought over the control over Grensfel and Sten provinces in Aleia, which were claimed by Newrey. With over x mobilized personnel and x casualties, it was the deadliest war prior to the Second Great War, and was a catalyst for political change in the participating countries. Ultimately, the war led to few actual changes in controlled territory by any country involved.
The war began in 1935, when Newrey declared war on Aleia over the latter's treatment of the Newreyan minority in the border provinces. Following the success of the opening offensive, Newrey escalated the war.
- 1 Background
- 2 Aleian Theater
- 2.1 Initial Offensive (June-November 1935)
- 2.2 December 1935-November 1936
- 2.3 Second Newreyan Offensive (December 1936-September 1937)
- 2.4 Stalemate Period (September 1937-August 1939)
- 2.5 Aleian Offensives (September 1939-January 1940)
- 2.6 Escalation Preparations (February 1940-December 1940)
- 2.7 Newreyan Grand Offensive (January 1941-June 1941)
- 2.8 Final Stages (June 1941-September 1941)
- 3 Navish Theater
- 4 End of the War
- 5 Aftermath
- 6 Impact
The Grensfel and Sten provinces in southeastern Aleia, originally controlled by the Newreyan-Cuirpthean Commonwealth, were during the 17th century annexed by Aleia after the Pre-Neverag War. While this has been regarded as a moment of pride for Aleia, it came as a blow to Newreyan prestige in years after the war. The desire for revenge was still present in many Newreyans during the 20th century.
Following the results of the 1931 Aleian general election, the Communist Party of Aleia gained enough power over the country's parliament to have its desired legislations passed. In 1934, the parliament passed the Industry Reclamation Act, which nationalized the private sector in the southeastern provinces. Among the most affected industries were the factories in Grensfel and Sten provinces, most of which were owned by ethnic Newreyans. Much of the factories' incomes went to the Newreyan government, but without the factories all incomes were redirected to the Aleian government. Following the nationalization, several Newreyan politicians stated their outrage. The same year, the Aleian parliament passed the United Language Act, which declared the Aleian language to be the sole means of communication in bodies of local governments, an action that sparked even more hostility between Aleia and Newrey. In response to the perceived slights, Newreyan politician Graham Bicksby expressed his outrage, declaring the Aleian acts to be an "Assault on Newreyan dignity that will be repaid in full".
In the period late 1934 to early 1935, the Aleian government ordered the military police to oversee the reclamation of the factories in Sten and Grensfel, but met resistance. Instead of handing the factories over, the Newreyan factory owners barricaded their buildings and hired mercenaries to guard them. This led to violent confrontations between the police and the guards, and during the Spring of 1935 the fight escalated into skirmishes, culminating in the violent being the Sorsten Alley Incident. On 2 May 1935, Aleian Prime Minister Pavel Karsten Ljubov ordered the military police to clear out a machinery plant in Sorsten Alley in Stenlagen, unaware that the factory owner had secretly stationed Newreyan army soldiers there. When the police tried to enter the street, they were shot upon by the factory guards and soldiers, prompting them to summon the Aleian military, who arrived with heavy weaponry. The skirmish quickly turned into a siege of the entire city district that lasted until 6 May, and resulted in 33 casualties, among them many Newreyans. In the aftermath of the incident, the police arrested both soldiers and ethnic Newreyans. Upon hearing about the siege, the Newreyan government mobilized and sent the army to occupy a 3-km buffer zone across the Aleian border, demanding the release of the Newreyans in Aleian custody. Ljubov responded on the 9th May by mobilizing the Aleian military.
The incident and subsequent mobilizations prompted Aleia and Newrey to enter negotiations over the occupation of the border. Most of the meetings took place in Cyningburgh, with Aleian diplomats frequently travelling between the city and Oralienborg to handle instructions from the government. Due to disputes within the Aleian parliament over which stance to take regarding Newrey, the country's diplomats were unable to form a cohesive strategy of negotiation. During the meetings, officials from Navack stated that they would honor the alliance with Aleia in the event of war. On 13 June, negotiations finally broke down when Aleian Minister of Foreign Affairs Ruslan Yeter returned to Aleia, and Newrey issued a declaration of war. On 14 June, both countries ordered a full mobilization. Navack, in response to the breakout, declared war on Newrey on 18 June.
Initial Offensive (June-November 1935)
Compared to Aleia, Newrey maintained a more effective infrastructure as well as the advantage of an early mobilization, and was therefore able to commit its forces into the war faster. The first major battles took place in the border territories early July 1935, as part of the Newreyan grand battle plan. The plan was primarily based on utilizing the country's early mobilization to disable Aleian fortifications by overrunning them, and to destroy Aleian infrastructure with its superior navy and air force. The end goal was to push through the Sorsten Valley, a direct pass into the Aleian capital Oralienborg. Aleia had constructed extensive defense fortifications along the border in the years leading to the war, but upon the breakout had not manned them completely, and installations proved to be ineffective against Newreyan forces. This result was also due to the Aleian high command's inability to develop a detailed battle plan. By 19th July, Aleian Major General Sten reported to the high command that all border defenses "had been beset by the invader".
Naval battles occurred along with actions on land. Newrey intended to blockade Aleian naval access with its superior navy. Compared to the Newreyan navy which had been modernized during military projects, the Aleian navy still relied on old capital ships dating back to the Great War.
As the Newreyans advanced through Grensfel province, Aleian PM Ljubov's popularity among Aleian citizens collapsed. His government was blamed by the general populace for incompetence that that enabled Newrey to successfully breach the border. As a result, several citizens refused the draft issued by the central government, instead enlisting in the paramilitary wing of political parties, most notably the monarchist New Inostranic Society (NIS) and communist Communist Party of Aleia (CPA). Despite the parties' rivalry, they agreed to cease hostilities in order to defend against Newrey. They declared that Ljubov was unable to maintain command over the Aleian forces, and forced the Prime Minister into house arrest and a ceremonial role. In his place, NIS leader Fyodor Georg Eigal became commander of the Aleian forces. Under his command, Aleian soldiers formed a more cohesive fighting force.
The Newreyan offensive was stopped by a combined effort by Aleian monarchists and communists at the Battle of Sorsten Pass in November 1935, in which they mounted a successful defense of the pass leading into the Sorsten Valley. Most military activities subsided during the winter of 1935, by which point Newrey controlled almost all of southwest Aleia, with the exception of several pockets of Aleian resistance which would become known as the Neverag Pockets.
December 1935-November 1936
Until mid-1936, there was little action on the actual front lines between Newrey and Aleia. Instead, Newrey opted for a strategy of strategic bombing of Aleian industry and landmarks. In accordance with this strategy, most of the major cities in Aleia were sporadically bombed by the Newreyan air force. Vaha, Elenaborg, Severno and Sigridsberg all experienced air raids between 1935 and 1936. Most air campaigns continued until near-end of the war, or until capture by Newrey.
In response to the Newreyan air raids, Aleia increased the number of people manning each local garrison. The garrisons were often compromised of older men, boys under the minimum service age and women. Duties included Anti-Aircraft Duty, local policing, maintenance of outer defenses and anti-espionage operations.
Second Newreyan Offensive (December 1936-September 1937)
In the winter of 1936-37, the Newreyan high command drafted an operation to make a surprise offensive against Aleia.
Stalemate Period (September 1937-August 1939)
Elimination of the Neverag Pockets (March 1938-June 1939)
Aleian Offensives (September 1939-January 1940)
Escalation Preparations (February 1940-December 1940)
Newreyan Grand Offensive (January 1941-June 1941)
While the Aleian high command expected a Newreyan offensive, the scale of the attack caught Aleian defenses unawares. The Aleian military sustained heavy casualties, shattering on several points
Final Stages (June 1941-September 1941)
On 22 September the Treaty of Lillehavn came into effect and both belligerents laid down arms.
End of the War
The treaty of Lillehavn states:
- Aleia is forbidden from exploiting any resources near the Glanish coastline. - Aleia is obliged to pay a sum of (half its yearly GDP) to Newrey. - Aleia is to recognize Newreyan as a major language. - Aleia is totally excluded from any pact the Lhedwinic countries may establish. - Aleia is to sever all military ties to Midrasia for 20 years. - Aleia is allowed to maintain sovereignty over Nevelagen and Grensfel provinces. - Newrey moves its embassy in Aleia to a luxurious mansion. - The industries in Nevelagen will surrender their revenue to Newrey. - Aleian control over the border provinces is confirmed.