Goredemabwa

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United Democratic Republic of Goredemabwa
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Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Beloved Nation, Our Homeland!"
Anthem: "Goredemabwa, Proud and Free!"
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Location of Goredemabwa (green).
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Location of Goredemabwa in Pardes.
Capital
and largest city
Kotogore
Official languages English
National language English
Demonym Goredemabwan
Government Presidential republic
 -  President Eli Muzorewa
 -  Vice President Zula Masisi
Legislature Assembly of the Republic
Establishment from Myrdesian Civil War
 -  Collapse of Myrdesian state into civil war 19 April 1978 
 -  Independance from the Kingdom of Belfras December 31 1980 
 -  Myrdesian civil war ends, and Myrdesia is dissolved in Treaty of Nivå 6 November 1986 
 -  Current Constitution January 12 2004 
Area
 -  Total 752,618 km² km2
290,587 sq mi
Population
 -  2015 estimate 36,723,778
 -  2007 census 27,227,000
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $178.65 billion
 -  Per capita $856.82
Gini (2007)45.76
medium
HDI (2007)Increase 0.489
low
Currency Goredemabwa Dollar (GWD)
Date format dd.mm.yy
Drives on the left
Calling code +376
ISO 3166 code GWA
Internet TLD .gwa

Goredemabwa, officially the United Democratic Republic of Goredemabwa, is a country in Southeast Ashizwe bordered by the Central Ocean to the southeast, neighbouring countries include Dacia to the north and Westonaria to the south, however it also shares a maritime border with Santa Miguel to the south. The capital is Kotogore. Goredemabwa achieved de jure sovereignty from the Belfras in 1980s, following 90 years as colonial state under the conservative white minority government of Myrdesia. Originally inhabited by native peoples, After visits by Belfrasian explorers in the eighteenth century, Goredemabwa became the Belfrasian colony towards the end of the nineteenth century. For most of the colonial period, the country was governed by an administration appointed from Isn Deslen.

Etymology

The name Goredemabwa is unclear but is thought be a term for area in the country's south-east whose remains are now a protected site. There are two theories on the origin of the word. The first recorded use of "Goredemabwa" as a term of national reference was in 1970, when it was coined by the black nationalist Massawa Eyob, whose Socialist Workers' Party (Myrdesia) became the first to officially use the name in 1972.

Goredemabwa was formerly known as Myrdesia. The term Myrdesia—derived from the surname of Belfrasian Claus Myron, the primary instigator of white colonisation of the territory during the late 19th century—was perceived as inappropriate because of its colonial origin and connotations. The name Goredemabwa was subsequently used by the black nationalist factions during the campaigns against the Myrdesian government during the Myrdesian Civil war.

History

Pre-colonial

Colonial era

Late Colonisation

Independence and civil war

Post-Independence

Government and politics

Goredemabwa is a multi-party democracy under the 2004 constitution. The executive branch comprises a Presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Goredemabwa is both head of state and head of government in a multi-party system. The government exercises executive power, while legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. There is a single legislature called the Assembly of the Republic. The judiciary comprises a Supreme Court, provincial, district, and municipal courts. Suffrage is universal at eighteen. After the end of the Civil War the regime came under pressure from internal groups as well as the international community, pressing the government to become more democratic and less authoritarian. The government's reaction was to institute a number of changes without substantially changing its character. The new constitution, adopted in 2004, was seen as move towards greater transparency but instead has further sharpened the authoritarian character of the government. Since the reformation of the nation from the socialist state, the former Socialist Workers' Party was been disbanded but continued as a fringe terrorist organisation which as carried out attacks across the nation in the name of liberating it from neo-imperialism. The current major parties are the ruling National Front Party (NFP), the opposition parties United Movement for Democratic Change Party (UMDCP) and the successor to the socialist party the Goredemabwan People's Party (GPP).

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Eli Muzorewa, President of Goredemabwa
Office Incumbent
President Eli Muzorewa
Vice president Zula Masisi
Minister of Presidential Affairs and Public Administration Demsas Asmara
Minister of Local Government Kweku Makgatho
Minister of Trade and Industry Medhanie Seretse
Minister of Finance and Development Planning Sebhat Mokaila
Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture Thapelo Matambo
Minister of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources Kitso Molefhi
Minister of Infrastructure, Science and Technology Massawa Tsogwane
Minister of Defence, Justice and Security Chidi Kgathi
Minister of Agriculture Yonatan Dahlak
Minister of Works and Transport Abaalom Mabeo
Minister of Labour and Home Affairs Tekle Abaalom
Minister of Health Dorcus Kiros
Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Mebrahtu Khama
Minister of Environment, Wildlife and Tourism Tshekedi Ambessa
Minister of Education and Skills Development Selam Nasih
Minister of Lands and Housing Aatifa Rezene

Foreign relations and military

The Goredemabwan Defence Force (GDF) is headed by a Chief of Staff who reports to the Minister of Defence. There are three divisions—the Army (GNA), Navy (GNF), and Air Force (GNAF). Its equipment includes Anikatia-manufactured fighters, bombers, and transport planes. There are also Belfrasians-made Bau-50 for light attack role.

While allegiances dating back to the liberation struggle remain relevant, Goredemabwa's foreign policy has become increasingly pragmatic. The twin pillars of Goredemabwa's foreign policy are maintenance of good relations with its neighbors and maintenance and expansion of ties to development partners. During the 1980s and the early 1990s, Goredemabwa's foreign policy was inextricably linked with DSRA Goredemabwa's foreign policy was inextricably linked with DSRA which played a key role in supporting its struggles for majority rule. It also supported the struggles for majority rule in Westonaria and across Ashizwe. The 1993 Antiytia Accords, while failing in its goal of ending Westonaria minority rule, opened initial diplomatic contacts between the Goredemabwan and Westonarian governments. While relations with neighbouring Westonaria, Dacia and Anikatia show occasional strains, Goredemabwa's ties to these countries remain strong. In the years immediately following its independence, Goredemabwa benefited from considerable assistance from DSRA and its allies, which became Goredemabwa's primary economic, military and political supporters, and its foreign policy reflected this linkage. This began to change in 2001 when the DSRA collasped. Western aid by quickly replaced DSRA support, though the it's successor Anikatia remains a vital economic, military and political ally, and has recently begun to increase its support again. Relations with Belfras, the former colonial power, continue to be important because Belfrasians investors play a visible role in Goredemabwa's economy.

Administrative divisions

Map Province Capital
Kotogorenkoa Kotogore
Langoshaba Mjishaba
Ardhina Taiziwa
Dhorubardhi Gunungkota
Kaskazini Kuangukamji
Kufikia Mkalinchi
Kunichuma Ziwamji
Zamagharibi Mtokukimbia
Kunikirefu Juashera
Jangwardhi Dwesa

Goredemabwa has a centralised government and is divided into ten provinces, — Kotogore, Daerahkaler , Ngulon, Kidultanah, Sabeulahwetan, Taneuhsagara, Pusatanah, Ninggalkeun, Wewengkon and Guruntanah. Each of these ten provinces is administered by an appointed deputy minister. Each province is subdivided into several districts. Each province has a provincial capital from where official business is usually carried out.

Geography

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A map of Goredemabwa.

Goredemabwa is a coastal country in southern Ashizwe, with a tropical climate, and consists mostly of high plateaus with some hills and mountains, dissected by river valleys.

Climate

The climate of Goredemabwa is tropical, modified by elevation. Most of the country is classified as humid subtropical or tropical wet and dry, with small stretches of semi-arid steppe climate in the south-west. There are two main seasons, the rainy season (November to April) corresponding to summer, and the dry season (May/June to October/November), corresponding to winter. Goredemabwa is faced with recurring droughts; and severe storms are rare

Economy

Overall, Goredemabwa's economy has undergone a period of transformation in recent years, moving from the disarray caused by a quarter century of civil war to being the fastest growing economy in Ashizwe and one of the fastest in the Pardes. Although the country's economy has developed significantly since achieving political stability in 2004, mainly thanks to the fast-rising earnings of the oil sector, Goredemabwa faces huge social, economic and corruption problems. These are in part a result of the almost continual state of interal conflict from the colonisation by Belfras onwards, although the highest level of destruction and socio-economic damage took place after the 1980 independence, which led to the eventual formation of the People's Socialist Republic of Goredemabwa during the long years of civil war. Only to become engaged in a prolonged conflict with neighbouring Westonaria in the South Ashizwe Border War until 1993. Since reforming from a socialist state own economy in 2002 to a market system, most state-owned enterprises have been privatised. Preparations for privatisation and liberalisation are underway for the remaining enterprises, including telecommunications, energy, ports, and railways. The government frequently selects a strategic foreign investor when privatising. Additionally, customs duties have been reduced, and customs management has been streamlined and reformed. Though the continued expansion in the future hinged on several major foreign investment projects, continued economic reform, and the revival of the agriculture, transportation, and tourism sectors. Major Anikatian firms have begun to invest into Goredemabwa as a means to counter act the expensive labour costs and increasing demand for products within Pardes.

Transport

Travel on highways outside of towns and cities in Goredemabwa (and in some cases within) is often not best advised for those without four-by-four vehicles. While a reasonable road infrastructure has existed within Goredemabwa, time and the war have taken their toll on the road surfaces, leaving many severely potholed, littered with broken asphalt. In many areas drivers have established alternate tracks to avoid the worst parts of the surface, although careful attention must be paid to the presence or absence of landmine warning markers by the side of the road. The Goredemabwa government has contracted the restoration of many of the country's roads.

Demographics

For almost two centuries the majority of settlers, and later immigrants, came from Belfrasian territory and the effects of this colonization were significant. As a result there are large groups of people of Belfrasian ethnic origin, conflicts and the uprising of local populations against white minority rule has led to an exodus of Belfrasians from the country.

Language

The official language of Goredemabwa is English, which is used to conduct official business and is the medium of instruction in schools. The total number of languages spoken in Goredemabwa is around 65. Goredemabwa government only official recognizes 16 languages and under the constitution, an Act of Parliament may prescribe other languages as officially recognised languages. English is spoken primarily in the cities, but less so in rural areas. Radio and television news now broadcast in other languages as well as English. The process of urbanisation has had a dramatic effect on some of the indigenous languages, including the assimilation of words from other indigenous languages and English.

Religion

There are about 1000 mostly Christian religious communities in Goredemabwa. While reliable statistics are nonexistent, estimates have it that more than half of the population are Romulăn Catholics, while about a quarter adhere to the Protestant churches introduced during the colonial period. The 2007 census found that Christians made up 56.1% of Goredemabwa's population, Muslims comprised 17.9% of the population and Ulthrianism comprised only 5.1% of the population. The remaining 2.2% of the people held other beliefs, mainly Yeosindo and other local indigenous religions, and 18.7% had no religious beliefs. [1]

Health

Education

Culture

Cuisine

Sport

See also

References

  1. General Census of Population and Housing 2007 Census of Goredemabwa. nsi.gov.gma

External links