Ghant

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Ghant
Ghantish: Ghant

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Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Ohorea Beti
For Honor Always
Anthem: Antzinako Aberria Oda (Ode to Our Ancient Homeland)
Map of Ghant
Map of Ghant
CapitalGhish
Largest city Onmutu
Official languages Ghantish
Recognised regional languages Various local dialects
Ethnic groups (2012) Ghantish (95%)
Other (5%)
Demonym Ghantish
Government Parliamentary Constitutional Federal monarchy
 -  Emperor Nathan IV
 -  Empress Sophia of Dakmoor
 -  Prime Minister Nymun Izarbegiratzeak
 -  Majority Independent Coalition
Legislature Legegilea
 -  Upper house Jauneketxea
 -  Lower house Legebiltzarra
Formation
 -  The Seven Lords of Ghant 350 BCE 
 -  Overlordship 563 CE 
 -  Kingdom 15th May 912 
 -  Empire 5th May 1800 
Area
 -  Total 14,080,522 km2
5,436,520 sq mi
Population
 -  2012 census 56,482,192
 -  Density 11/km2
28.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $6.300 trillion
 -  Per capita $40,522
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $7.526 trillion
 -  Per capita $48,404
Gini (2012)23.4
low
HDI (2010)0.905
very high
Currency Ghantmark (Γ) (=100 öre) (GMRK)
Time zone (GST-6)
 -  Summer (DST) (GST-5) (UTC-5)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy CE
Drives on the left
Calling code +713
ISO 3166 code GNT
Internet TLD .gh

Ghant (pronounced /ghænt/), known in Ghantish as Ghant (informally known by the name Ghanteko Inperioa, pronounced /Gant.in.per.ioa/), is a country comprising the mainland of the Ghantish continent, and numerous nearby islands, located in Cornellia, to the north of the Sea of Ghant, to the east of the continent of Acheron. It has a population of roughly 56 million.

Ghant is named after the indigenous people called the Ghantish, who, along with the Ghantish language, are of unknown origins. Ghant is one of the least densely populated countries in Cornellia, with a landscape consisting primarily of dense forests, rugged mountains, valleys, swamps, tundra and taiga.

The country has one of the oldest monarchies in the region, which has reigned continuously since the 912, usually sharing power with the Legebiltzarra, one of Cornellia's oldest elected parliaments. Under the principle of Regere Coniugum, Ghant is a Diarchy, where the Empress has all the same powers and privileges as the Emperor, therefore also being Head of State in conjunction with him, for as long as they are married.

Ghant is historically a champion of liberal democracy and non-interventionism, and has always been devotedly anti-imperialist. Due to its historical reputation and strong relationship with other nations, Ghant is considered by many to be a Great Power. Modern Ghant is a constitutional monarchy, a parliamentary democracy, and a member of the Council of Cornellian States. It is also a member of the Northern Cornellian Treaty Organization (NCTO) and the Santiago Anti-Communist Treaty Organization (SACTO).

History

Main Article: History of Ghant

Ghantish civilization is one of the most ancient civilizations in Cornellia. The first specks of Ghantish civilization originated around the southern coast and in the north, and as time progressed turned into tribes, kingdoms, and then empires. Ghant did not become a unified country until 912 CE, when it was united under the First Ghantish Kingdom. The continent was unified in 1800, at which point the Kingdom of Ghant became known as the Empire of Ghant.

Beginnings

No one knows for sure when Ghant was first inhabited, but what is known for sure is that the Ghantish have been in Ghant for at least 20,000 years. The Ghantish are known to be a genetically distinct race from others found in Western Cornellia, and their language is also unrelated to others in the region. Ghantish were organized into tribes, and many of these tribes organized into petty kingdoms including Gauekoizarra, Jehenna, and Dagajaitsiera in the north, and Onmutu, Baztan and Salazar in the south. These city-states and petty kingdoms fought amongst each other for the next few thousand years.

Early Era

Incursions from Ecrans, Tjǫrnmenn and other intruders resulted in a need for the Ghantish states and tribes to join together in order to repel the invaders. In spite of that, the Ghantish were few in number, poorly equipped and highly disorganized. They only succeeded against intruders due to the harsh terrain, harsh winters, and stiff resistance of the indigenous population. This eventually resulted in the unification of Southern Ghant into a Kingdom in 912.

Middle Ages

The next few centuries saw large amounts of unrest across the island, with wars, disputes and territory changes common as different lineages conquered and mingled. Despite that, the net prosperity of Ghant increased, as result of trade due to a demand for the Ghantish precious metals, minerals, and other natural resources, which was vast in number. This is evidenced by its relative international importance during the period, and the Kings of Ghant forged alliances and interacted with foreign states. The ruling dynasty passed inot the hands of a dynasty of Sjömännen descent, and this accelerated the development of the Ghantish state. A civil war later saw the removal of this dynasty from the throne, and Ghant was left weak. This was made worse in 1355 by the introduction of the Black Death, which ravaged the continent.

Renaissance

Ghant became punctuated by religious strife, with the remaining kingdoms in Ghant practicing different religions. Religious wars defined Ghant during the 1500s and 1600s, until King Samuel V succeeded in reconciling the various religious interests in Ghant, and was the first to unify half of the continent under his rule, due to a combination of political maneuverings and military campaigns. During the 1700s, that process continued, as the Kingdom of Ghant continued to expand north and absorb more of the petty kingdoms and tribes into the realm.

Empire

In 1800, King Nathan I succeeded in finally uniting the entire continent into one state. This new state was renamed the Empire of Ghant, and King Nathan was elevated to the title of Emperor. This marked a new period when Ghant was near the forefront of the industrializing world, with Southern Ghant in particular benefiting from this change, as well as agricultural areas, which saw outputs multiply rapidly, freeing up labourers for factories in the cities. The Emperor helped the country transition into an industrialized, developed economy during this period due to his many reforms of the political and economic systems; he abolished serfdom, instituted legal reforms and vastly increased the power of Parliament in law-making, while also extending suffrage for Parliament.

Ghantish Civil War

The situation broke down in 1863, when, upon the death of Emperor John III (the successor of Nathan I, Nathan's oldest son by his second wife claimed the Obsidian Throne. He was supported by Northern Ghant, which was very traditional, and opposed to the modernization efforts of the Empire. Meanwhile, Nathan II, the oldest son of John III, endeavored to further the modernization efforts and liberalization efforts of Ghant, and was supported by Southern Ghant. After a bloody civil war that lasted 10 years, Nathan II was recognized as the Emperor of Ghant, but had to make several concessions to the Northern provinces in exchange for peace. Despite this, there would be at least two more, albeit smaller "Mazadar Wars" before 1900.

It was after this war that a constitution was agreed upon, and the first Prime Minister was elected. The first two political parties were the Whigs and the Tories. Irat Ismos served as the first prime minister up until 1878. His government helped put to ease the civil strife in Ghant with successful domestic policy. Ghant was still recovering from the Civil War, and there was much rebuilding to be done.

20th Century

From 1896-1904, Artor Vorgha presided over the start of a Second Industrial Revolution, a population boom and the creation of a detailed foreign policy agenda. The growth in the population allowed for the expansion of agricultural land. Farming became more efficient, and poverty and hunger became reduced in both rural areas and the industrial cities. When asked why the Northerners stopped rebelling, Vorgha responded with, "because they are eating so good, they don't have the stomach for fighting."

The Ghantish Revolution

Despite the era of good feelings in the early 20th century, radical ideologies began to proliferate in Ghant, some of which advocated the abolition of the monarchy, seeing it as an antiquated form of government. This was exacerbated by Emperor Nathan III, who was paranoid and tyrannical. The Emperor brutally suppressed leftist movements, to the point that they were killed upon accusation. After he imprisoned the Labor MP Malderi Haribec in 1935, the Emperor was faced with an armed rebellion intent on overthrowing the monarchy. In 1939, the Emperor died, and his grandson ascended the throne as Michael I. He released Haribec from prison and granted him a full pardon. Haribec was then elected Prime Minister of Ghant, and worked to preserve the monarchy within a democratic system. He reconciled the opposing factions in Ghant and unified them towards the greater good of the country. He remained Prime Minister until his retirement in 1974.

21st Century

The 2000s have been an era of change in Ghantish society. The proliferation of technology and access to the outside world via television and internet has allowed the Ghantish to become exposed to new ways and ideas. Ghantish society in many ways remains bizarre and different from the rest of the world, but it is slowly catching up.

Geography

Ghant is a generally rugged country, with reasonable numbers of mountains and hills but plains in the south, and marshland in the east. Ghant's highest mountain is Jaitsiera, which lies in the Jaitsiera Forest of Eskura province, and rises to 8850 metres above sea level. Other major mountainous areas include Errautsgourd and the borderlands between Thule and Izotzlurrak. In contrast, the country’s lowest point is the Black Marsh in Dakmoor, with an elevation of −3.5m below sea level.

Ghant in general is a land of harsh mountains, stony shores, and verdant forests. It consists of vast mountain ranges with the people living in valleys between them and along the coast. The geography of Ghant does vary from region to region. For the most part, it consists mostly of high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; and arctic tundra only in the extreme north. Frozen ground all-year can also be found in the higher mountain areas. Stunning and dramatic scenery and landscape is found throughout Ghant. Dense forests, vast green fields, large blue lakes, tall mountains and high waterfalls dot the landscape. Due to the large latitudinal range of the country and the varied topography and climate, Ghant has a large number of different habitats. Common to all of these habitats is the Ghantish Wolf, which is the national animal.

The population in Ghant is mainly concentrated in the cities in the south, especially Gahen, Nathia, and Langael. The south is characterized by hills, plains and river valleys. Mountains and forests occupy most of the rest of the country. Apart from the mountain regions, land in the far south is very fertile and used for farming, especially of vegetables. Agriculture is most common on the southern plains, with the area between Lurberdea and Gahen being seen as a breadbasket. Ghant has a high percentage of forested areas.

Climate

Ghant has a subarctic climate, characterized by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers. Temperatures vary greatly from north to south, with the southern areas having more balanced seasons then the north. Numerous records for cold temperatures have been set in the northern parts of Ghant.

In winter, temperatures can drop to −80 °C and in summer, the temperature may exceed 30 °C (86 °F). However, the summers are short; no more than three months of the year (but at least one month) ever have a 24-hour average temperature of at least 10 °C (50 °F).

With 5–7 consecutive months where the average temperature is below freezing, all moisture in the soil and subsoil freezes solidly to depths of many feet. Summer warmth is insufficient to thaw more than a few surface feet, so permafrost prevails under most areas not near the southern boundary of this climate zone. Seasonal thaw penetrates from 2 to 14 ft (0.61 to 4.27 m), depending on latitude, aspect, and type of ground. Some northern areas with subarctic climates located near the ocean have milder winters and no permafrost, and are more suited for farming unless precipitation is excessive. The frost-free season is very short, varying from about 45 to 100 days at most, and a freeze can occur during any month in many areas.*

  • From the Wikipedia article "Subarctic climate"

Flora and Fauna

Ghant is home to a diverse array of wildlife. Wolves, foxes, deer, weasels, marmots, beavers, and cynomys can be found throughout the continent. In the north, one can also find grizzly bears, polar bears, moose, elk, mountain sheep, nightcats, shadougars, lynx, pandagorri, lemmings, wolverines and in the extreme north of Thule- mammoths. Dakmoor is also home to the salamandarak, ornitorrinko, and the mokozabala.

Government & Politics

Ghant is a constitutional monarchy, a federal monarchy and a parliamentary system democracy. The Monarchy of Ghant has limited powers in modern times, with Emperor Nathan IV of the House Gentry being the current monarch and head of state. The current head of government is Prime Minister Nymun Izarbegiratzeak.

Administrative Divisions

Ghant is governed as a federal state. The country is divided into 13 provinces, as well as 4 "special districs". The cities of Ghish, Onmutu, Bargon and Raatea make up the special districts, otherwise known as the "free cities".

Provinces are divided into departments and autonomous departments, the latter reserved for distinct communities which hold a distinct identity from the rest of the province, however not enough for it to be a separate province.

Flag Name of Province Capital Map
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The Kingdom of Arrautsa Arragara
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The Kingdom of Dakmoor Dakar
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The Confederation of Eskura Esku
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The Kingdom of Gaemar Gaemarlen
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The Province of Gahen Gendulain
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The Province of Gotorleku Ibaiaga
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The Kingdom of Izotza Izotan
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The Province of Langael Galan
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The Province of Lurberdea Lorazaina
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The Province of Nathia Lianu
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The Kingdom of Odolargia Odola
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The Commonwealth of Onia Oniaherri
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The Kingdom of Thule Tor
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Autonomous Sailek

Autonomous Sailek consist of Sailek (plural of Saila, the subdivisions of a province) that are not beholden to a province, but rather directly to Ghish. At present there are two: Eltanlurra and Iruraitza.

Flag Name of Province Capital
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Eltanlurra Eltana
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Iruraitza Arkaitza

Semi-autonomous Sailek

Semi-autonomous Sailek consist of Sailek that are beholden to a province, but enjoy greater autonomy then others in that province. At present there are four: Abaza, Iza, Odolbegia and Urarte.

Flag Name of Sailek Name of Governing Province
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Abaza Nathia
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Iza Izotza
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Odolbegia Odolargia
Bandera per a Petra.svg Ugarta Nathia

Free Cities

Free Cities consist of free imperial cities and other areas that do not belong to a province- but rather function as sovereign units. This consists of the capital city, Ghish, the Cities of Bargon and Onmutu, and Atebeltza.

Name
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Atebeltza
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Bargon
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Ghish
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Onmutu

Time Zones

Main Article: Time in Ghant

Time in Ghant falls into a single time zone.

Political System

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Composition of the Legebiltzarra
List of Parties:
  Independent Coalition: 450 seats
  Liberal Party: 105 seats
  Conservative Party: 54 seats
  Progressive Party: 38 seats
  Labor Party: 37 seats
  Green Party: 34 seats
  Social Democratic Party: 20 seats
  Socialist Party: 15 seats
  Nationalist Party: 13 seats

Since 1940, the Constitution of Ghant has limited the monarch to having only a few powers. These include immunity, affirmation of elected ministers, veto power, pardons, and dismissal of the government. An unusual feature of the constitution is that there is no ability to abdicate.

Legislative power is vested in the Legegilea, which is divided into two chambers, the directly-elected Legebiltzarra (House of Commons) and the unelected Jauneketxea (House of Lords). Although majority approval from both chambers is needed to pass legislation, the House of Representatives is far more powerful, and has additional powers such as selecting the Prime Minister of Ghant. House Elections take place at least once every four years. The 766-seat House of Representatives is elected directly through the Party-list proportional representation system, using the Sainte-Laguë method. The 1000-seat Jauneketxea is occupied by the nobility, and seats are inherited. While the government can request a snap election at almost any time for the House, the House will only be elected to fill out the remainder of the previous House's term.

Following the most recent general election, the current prime minister is Nymun Izarbegiratzeak of the Independent Coalition. The party holds a majority of seats in Parliament.

English name Ghantish name Abbr. MPs
Government 450
Independent Coalition Koalizio Independente (I) 450
Opposition 214
Liberal Party Alderdi Liberal (Li) 105
Progressive Party Alderdi Progresiboa (P) 38
Labor Party Alderdi Laborista (La) 37
Green Party Alderdi Berdia (B) 34
Other 102
Conservative Party Alderdi Konsterbadorea (K) 54
Social Democratic Party Sozialaren Alderdi Demokrata (D) 20
Socialist Party Alderdi Sozialistak (S) 15
Nationalist Party Alderdi Jeltzaleak (J) 13
Total seats 766

Executive

Leader Name
Prime Minister Nymun Izarbegiratzeak
Deputy Prime Minister Kattalin Eguskine
Leader of the Opposition Deboru Luken


Politics of Ghant Ghant is a multiparty Parliamentary democracy, with the Labor and Conservative parties remaining the parties with the strongest levels of support.

Cabinet

Ministry (English) Minister Party
Prime Minister Nymun Izarbegiratzeak Independent Coalition
Deputy Prime Minister Kattalin Eguskine Independent Coalition
Minister of State Maren Kerbasi Independent Coalition
Minister of Defense Jacodo Imanol Independent Coalition
Minister of Justice Amets Salbatore Independent Coalition
Minister of Development Terese Erdotza Independent Coalition
Minister of Finance Mati Yanamari Independent Coalition
Minister of Postage Ardo Ozamun Independent Coalition
Minister of Foreign Affairs Leonor Bozagua Independent Coalition

Justice

The Constitution of Ghant states that everyone is entitled to have their case heard by a court or an authority appropriately and without undue delay, and in the case of criminal offences, by a jury of peers. To implement this policy, Ghantish courts are divided into four levels.

The lowest level of general courts are the Civil Courts (Ghantish: Auzitegia Zibilak) that deal with criminal cases, civil cases and petitionary matters. A civil court is headed by a Judge, or in smaller municipalities as an "Administer of Justice".

Trial by jury is in inherent right. In most civil cases, there are a combination of professional judges and public jury involved in the process. In criminal cases, the common sense and popular sense of justice are represented by the three Lay Judges. However, they participate both in the trying of fact and of law, as well as in sentencing, in conjunction with the jury's verdict.

Appeals from the District Courts are addressed to the District Courts (Ghantish: Auzitegia Barrutian) located in major cities. Most of the cases dealt with by the District Courts are appeals against decisions of the Civil Courts.

The next highest court is the Provincial Court (Ghantish: Auzitegia Probintzia). There is only one Provincial Court per Province, located in the capital city. These Courts usually resolve appeals made from the lower courts. In addition, Provincial Courts decide, as the first instance, matters of treason and high treason, as well as certain offences in public office. Usually the Provincial Courts are able to solve most cases, and only very rarely do cases advance to the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court (Ghantish: Auzitegi Gorenak) located in Ghish is the supreme judicial authority in Ghant. It consists of a Chief Justice and ten associate justices who are nominated by the Prime Minister and confirmed by the Parliament. Once appointed, justices have life tenure unless they resign, retire, or are removed after impeachment. The Supreme Court acts as a constitutional court, ruling which laws are unconstitutional and as the supreme judicial court, ruling on important points of law in cases which are significant for the entire legal order, guiding the administration of justice in future cases. Decisions of any other court may be appealed against to the Supreme Court, provided that it grants leave to appeal.

Foreign Relations

See: Foreign relations of Ghant

Allies

Short names
 Arkiasis
 Demphor
 Geadland
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Legendardisch
 New Silbodale
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Semarland
 Vjaarland

Military

The Ghantish Imperial Forces (Ghantish: Ghanteko Inperiala Indarrak) contain a total of 200,000 active members, 300,000 reserve members and 500,000 militia members. The GII itself is divided into three branches: the Army, the Navy, the Air Force and the Imperial Legion. The Prime Minister is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, with all members swearing an oath of allegiance. Ghant spends nearly 3% of its GDP on defense.

Economy

Ghant operates a mixed-market capitalist economic system. The word batera ("get along") describes the system of negotiation and consensus between employers, trade unions and the government which developed during the 20th century.

Ghant was a relatively late country to industrialize in the Industrial Revolution. The majority of the population are now employed in the tertiary sector. Nevertheless, Ghant has a prominent manufacturing and agricultural industry. Well known Ghantish companies operate in the fields of information technology (Ziztadak), chemicals (Osabamatt), electronics (Arranowar) and brewing (Langaelak).

The currency of Ghant is the Ghantmark, which has been in circulation since 1250. The Ghantmark is issued by the Ghantish Imperial Mint while the semi-independent Imperial Bank of Ghant is responsible for issuing currency and determining monetary policy. Another important financial institution is the Onmutu Stock Exchange, one of the oldest stock exchanges in the Cornellia region.

Ghant's economy is almost exclusively classified as developed, with relatively high average incomes and GDP in addition to its very high quality of life. Workers' ability to unionize is well-guarded by law, with major labor unions such as the United Miners Union holding considerable political weight. Despite this, Ghant has a national right-to-work policy.

The economy is geographically very contrasting, with manufacturing bases in the north, financial strength in the south farming in the southwest, and minesin the center. The balance of different industries has traditionally played an important part in the country's economy. In addition, moderate regulation has limited manufacturing moving overseas and reasonably priced mining operations; and there has been a large increase in tourism, especially along the south coast and financial incentives for high-tech manufacturing and research businesses in the south. These sectors are aided by the stringent Ghantish preservation and environmental standards and a well-educated populace respectively. In the southwest part of the country, agriculture is a major part of the economy, comprising 10% of total GDP; this is enhanced by the favorable climate and terrain. Ghant produces the greatest amount of wool per capita in Cornellia, as well as oil; one of Ghant's largest exporters is Olionena, an oil producing, refining and marketing company known throughout Cornellia.

Resources

About 38% of the workforce work in agriculture and another 2% work in other primary industries. Ghant's agricultural sector is moderately mechanized and benefits from the fertile land; as a result the country is a net exporter of food, especially considering its low density population. Ghantish farms and exports vegetables, flowers and animal produce. The country also has extensive fisheries in its open waters, while freshwater fish such as salmon are farmed in the mountains.

Since the 1910's, several natural natural gas fields have been discovered in Ghant, particularly in the province of Ashvagosha. Oil has also been discovered and extracted from the country's waters, and the country is a net exporter of oil. In the 1950s, exploitation of fossil fuels increased the value of the Ghantmark. In order to avoid the infamous "Geadish disease", Ghant focused on slowing the appreciation of the real exchange rate and by boosting the competitiveness of the manufacturing sector. Despite this, the government has also made a major effort to generate more renewable energy, especially through wind turbines, in an effort to wean itself off of oil dependency.

Exports are geared around oil, electronics, agricultural products, hard liquors, metals, wool and chemicals, while major imports include medicines, food, electronics and automobiles. Ghant's biggest export and import partners are generally nearby nations.

Transport

As with most countries, the car is the most popular form of transport in Ghant. However, there are also popular alternatives. In the south, Cycling is very common, especially for travelling around towns or to school, and accounts for nearly 25% of all journeys made. This rises to as high as 40% in some cities. Ghant has a highly developed network of cycle paths and infrastructure which makes cycling easy and safe. In other parts of Ghant, the use of horses, mules, donkeys and mountain goats is still common, especially in areas that are difficult for cycles and cars to get around.

In the south, between Ghish and Onmutu, there is also has a dense and busy railway network, operated primarily by Garraio Publikoa, though private companies and PPPs operate some lines on the network. seven cities have a metro network and eight others have a tram system. The country was unusual in that its railway usage remained stable during the period of 1950-1990 at a time when it was in decline worldwide. This was due to the vast distances in between cities, and a lack of means to get from place to place with ease.

Demographics

Ethnicity

Ghantish people comprise roughly 95% of the population of Ghant. There are also smaller populations of Geads, Vyvlanders, Nevans and Bretians that live in the southern cities.

Language

96% of the population speak the Ghantish language, (Ghantara) as their first language and almost all of the population can speak it fluently. The Ghantish language is a Basque language. As a result of there being a lack of an indigenous alphabet or writing system beyond runes, the Latin alphabet was adopted for spelling the language, after its introduction by outsiders.

Religion

Religion in Ghant
Religion
Percentage
Ipargurutze
  
50.0%
Jainkozaharra
  
30.0%
No religion
  
10.0%
Lutheranism
  
4.0%
Roman Catholicism
  
3.0%
Other religions
  
2.0%
Unknown
  
1.0%

For much of its history, Christianity has been the dominant religion of Ghant; in the most recent census just over 71% of the population identified it as their religion. The most popular sect was the Norcross Church (50%), followed by the Lutheran Church (10%). The Norcross Chuch (Ipargurutze) is a Protestant-inspired religion, with elements of Lutheranism and Calvinism.

Ghant is a secular state, because it has no officially recognized state religion. The Constitution of Ghant enshrined the right to religious freedom, which was also protected by the Old Laws.

Health

Healthcare in Ghant is dominated by government-funded universal healthcare, which is generally of a high standard. It is available to all permanent residents, and although it is a major strain on government funds, results in relatively cheap healthcare, with only 6% of GDP spent on health. The Ghantish life expectancy is 81 years for women and 80 years for men, due to good healthcare coverage and a relatively healthy diet. However, the regional and generational differences are vast, with those who grew up in the North being statistically far more likely to die from preventable causes than Southerners.

Culturally, private healthcare is frowned upon by most people, and is taxed, albeit controversially, by the government. Private healthcare is mostly geared towards niche medical treatments and all-inclusive care for the rich, including the nobility. As such, 97% of medical ailments are treated by the government-run health care system, which is the authority responsible for administering treatment.

Ghant has few dietary health problems, which can be attributed to a healthy diet and resultant low obesity rate. The biggest dietary problems are caused by eating raw or infected animal meat.

Education

See also: Education in Ghant

Ghant is unique in that education is non-compulsory. Each Province has its own Department of Education, and provides educational opportunities for people from the ages of 5 to 18, though from the age of 16 onwards, they may enter the workforce in an apprenticeship. The school year runs from mid-August to late June, with holidays for the Summer festivals. While most pupils go to comprehensive schools, Ghant has a tradition of offering private schools, which 10% of students currently attend. Homeschooling and private tutelage are also practiced.

Students attend a Eskola Baxua ("low school") from the ages of 6-10. They then attend Eskola Erdiko ("middle school") from the ages of 10 to 14, which ends with an exam to gauge students' abilities. Higher education takes place at a Eskola Handiko ("high school") for the rest of their education. In their first three years, the students study a mix of optional and compulsory subjects and finish with a Diploma. In their last two years they study a narrower range of courses and finish by taking the academic Ghantish Baccalaureate (batxilergoa) or a vocational qualification.

There are 100 universities in Ghant and over 500 colleges and institutions of tertiary education. The oldest, the University of Ghish, was founded in 1400, followed by the University of Onmutu in 1450. Tuition is free to citizens and moderate fees are charged for foreign students. It is currently estimated that 25% of the population hold a tertiary degree. Degrees are awarded in compliance with the Bologna process.

Culture

Since its inception, Ghantish culture has been characterized as highly eccentric and bizarre, defined by its people, the Ghantish (Ghantar). Ghantish culture is defined by divisions between different population clusters, often inhabiting neighboring valleys. They historically divided the land into multiple city states, local lordships and minor kingdoms. The rugged highland strongholds and isolated valley settlements have encouraged the fierce independence of the various local Ghantish clans, resisting integration into a formal governmental unit or national identity. Although these areas are a part of Ghant today, they enjoy a large degree of autonomy. Nonetheless, their language, traditions, and heroic legends are a unifying legacy.

Although the Ghantish are divided into numerous, sometimes antagonistic groups, their manner of speech, architecture, and even clothing seems fairly uniform to an outsider. A common anecdote suggests that an outsider only needs to visit one or two Ghantish towns before he has an understanding of the entire country. Ghantmen have a strong tradition of being regarded as powerful warriors, and this is especially true in the more remote areas. In regions such as Eskura and Thule, the nobility can trace its lines through the warrior guilds, and children are tested at a young age for combat affinity. Tribal warfare is practiced by independent Lords and warrior guilds in the more remote regions of the North.

Much of this has diminished over time, but in the remote areas of Ghant this is still quite prevalent, and people are content to live archaic lifestyles. Ghant in modern times could be described as a progressive culture.

One of the core components of Ghantish culture is the Foruen, or the "old laws". These old laws have been in circulation in Ghant for thousands of years, and are thought to predate traceable Ghantish society, as the origins or the old laws are unknown. However, they form the backbone of contemporary Ghantish laws, and possess a strong influence on Ghantish culture even today.

It is notable that the Ghantish have a tradition of defining their race along ethnic and biological lines, to such an extreme that Ghantish families have records dating back over a thousand years, in order to prove their "blood purity" ( Limpieza de sangre). The common belief is that if someone is not "100% Ghantish", then they are not Ghantish at all. Despite this, there are, and have never been, any legal or cultural consequences to this, beyond "bragging rights" (Eskubide harrotuz). Ghantish people are historically known to be accepting of other peoples.

Ghant has also been known as a trendsetter for a number of issues historically. For instance, pornography, soft drugs and abortion (in cases of rape, incest, or endagerment) were always legal in Ghant. Ghant has also always enjoyed high levels of civil liberties and equality, due in part to the Foruen.

Cinema

Cinema in Ghant dates back to the earliest years that the medium was invented. During the silent era, Ghant imported many films from other countries, though since the 1930s Ghantish cinema has largely expanded beyond the country.

Media

Newspaper readership is high in Ghant and every city has its own newspaper, in addition to the larger newspapers that are available nationally, such as the Ghish Post and Onmutu Times

GES (Ghantish Broadcasting Network, or "Ghantal Emisio Sare") is the largest broadcasting organisation in Ghant and operates as a licence-funded public broadcaster. Other networks are privatized. These include major TV stations such as the Onmutu Broadcasting Network, or "Onmutul Korporazio Igortzen", and the Ghish Daily News, or "Ghishal Eguneroko Berriak", Most homes in non urban areas are covered by satellite television, while cable television is most widely used in the cities.

In addition to the TV operations, there are several five national radio stations, with the oldest being created in 1925. Non-profit community radio stations were first licensed in 1960, with many often working in partnership with GRK. Commercial radio stations were not available for licensing until 1965. Both TV and radio broadcasters are not required to be politically neutral in their charters, leading to often politically charged arguments and debates.

Literature

The Ghantish are legendary throughout Cornellia for their penchant for lore, legends and poetry. These stories play an important part in Ghantish society, especially because historically, ideas were passed on orally, since there was no written language. As such, Ghant has an incredibly rich oral tradition.

The oldest surviving literature in Ghant consists of rune carvings, with the most famous being the Foruen Runestone which dates from approximately 3,500 BCE and is now on display at the Museum of Gauekoizarra. It is the earliest known version of the Foruen. The Ghantish emphasized Saga story-telling and epic histories, such as the Ghantabriak.

After the Christianisation of Ghant, writing and literature became concentrated in monastic communities and took place in Latin.

Music

Ghant has a rich musical tradition, mostly consisting of folk music and classical music. Most of the folk music originates from the Middle Ages, and has been preserved via oral tradition.

Sport

11 people playing Giza-abere probak by dragging a 4-ton stone.

Hockey is the most popular sport in Ghant, followed by Association football. The country's national hockey team and national football team compete in several Cornellian and interregional events. Club teams compete in the Ghantish league system, which includes 154 professional clubs and over 5,000 amateur clubs. The most popular alternative team sports are rugby football, baseball, handball, pelota and basketball. The most popular individual sports are tennis, golf, bicycle racing and horse racing.

Ghant is also famous for its rural sports, including:

Cuisine

Cuisine and the kitchen are at the heart of Ghantish culture. It is often said that "nobody eats as good as the Ghantish", and eating is widely considered a national pastime among the Ghantish. Traditional Ghantish cuisine is characterized as being extravagant; it developed as a result of there being an excess amount of food, robust Ghantish metabolism, and the influence of hunter-gatherer society. Breakfast, brunch and lunch would consist primarily of meat and vegetables, while dinner meals consisted of meat, vegetables, potatoes, bread and wine, usually consisting of contrasting flavors. As a result, Ghantish dishes and Ghantish chefs grew in demand abroad.

Ghantish cuisine is influenced by the abundance of produce from the sea on each side and fertile valleys in between. The mountainous nature of Ghant has led to a difference between coastal cuisine dominated by fish and seafood, and inland cuisine with fresh and cured meats, many vegetables and legumes, and freshwater fish and salt cod.

The country is noted for its diverse range of meat. The Ghantish typically eat all kinds of animals, and an old saying is, "if it's not a person but it has a mother, eat it." Despite this, the consumption of cats, dogs and rodents in the south is widely frowned upon, although in the north finding dishes which consists of those animals is not uncommon.

The most commonly consumed alcoholic drink by far is Kalimotxo, followed by Vodka. There is also a large alcohol industry in Ghant which specializes in liquor, including famous brewers such as Zeem and Gogorra.

Typical dishes

Bacalao al Pil-Pil.

Drinks

Ghantish cider

Holidays

National holidays are issued by proclamation, though some have existed since ancient times.

Many festivals originate as a result of the country's ancient history or Christian heritage. Some like Christmas, Easter and Pentecost are celebrated as a secular festival as well as a religious holiday. Some other notable national festivals are Ferminak, which lasts from July 6th to July 14, and the equinoxes and solstices.

Date Name Notes
1 January New Year's Day The exact date is a day of rest.
20 March Ekinokzio Martxoaren
(March Equinox)
variable Good Friday Since the 19th Century, Easter has been calculated in accordance to the traditions of Western Christianity. Easter Sunday is defined as being the first Sunday after the first full moon after the March equinox. Good Friday and Easter Monday are both days of rest.
Easter Sunday
Easter Monday
1 May Laneguna
(Labor Day)
The first Monday of May is a day of rest.
2nd Sunday of May Mother's Day
15 May Ghantegun (Ghant Day) The anniversary of several notable events in Ghantish history. The day is celebrated and accompanied by a day of rest, and is used as a day to promote the teaching of national history.
variable Pentecost The date is calculated as being 49 days after Easter Sunday and always falls on a Sunday. The following day (Monday) is a day of rest.
6 June Konstituzio Eguna (Constitution Day) The anniversary of the inauguration of the Ghantish Constitution.
4th Saturday of June Udako Solstizioa (Midsummer) The celebrations of the summer solstace, the Ghantish celebrate the Summer Solstice.
6-14 July Ferminak (The Fermin Festival) The biggest holiday in Ghant- an 8 day festival.
24 July Christmas Eve in July
25 July Christmas in July Day The exact date is a day of rest.
3rd Sunday of September Höstshöütid
(Harvest Festival)
21st or 22nd of September Ekinokzio Irailaren
(September Equinox)
25 October Day of the People Celebrates Ghantish culture.
2nd Sunday of November Father's Day
4th Saturday of December Neguko Solstizioa (Midsummer) The celebrations of the winter solstace, the Ghantish celebrate the Winter Solstice.
24 December Christmas Eve
25 December Christmas Day The exact date is a day of rest.
26 December Boxing Day

National symbols

The Flag of Ghant was first adopted in 912 by King Robert I, based on the Ghantish Cross design. The flag consists of a white cross on a black background. The white color represents peace, purity, and righteousness. The black color represents determination, heritage, and triumph.

Another national symbol is the Obsidian Throne, forged by King Robert I beginning in 912, and being finished in 915. Every monarch of Ghant since then has sat upon it, and it remains a symbol of the monarchy and of Ghant as a whole.