Göktanrism

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Göktanrism, is a Central-Catainese religion characterized by shamanism, animism, totemism, polytheism and ancestor worship. It is the prevailing religion of Transcandarians, Volghari and other minor people groups. Göktanrism evolved out of Türük folk religion, with beliefs and teachings codified within the Altan Bitig.

Background

Features

Göktanrists view the world as divided into two realms, the vast and holy great blue sky (Tanrı) and the mortal realm of man. Tanrı is an unknowable and all-powerful God, synonymous with heaven, that cannot be comprehended with or communed with by man. The ancestors, the lesser gods, and the various nature spirits are seen as the direct link between Tanrı and humanity.

Göktanrists subscribe to a form of ancestor worship and polytheism, cultivating household gods in addition to other lesser deities. When a house is constructed it is traditional for deities to be incorporated into the very structure of the building to protect the family and the home from malevolent spirits, a shrine to the protectors of the family and house is often held above the hearth of the house. Ancestor spirits are also often held in the same regard, traditionally being regarded as the protectors of their descendants who can act as a conduit between the mortal realm and Tanrı, as well as offering divine advice and providence to those who pray to them.

Deities

Göktanrists worship a number of gods, of varying degrees of divinity and with power over varying domains. Tanrı serves as the chief diety, and the most powerful. In the tradition, Tanrı is both the God of Heaven and the great creator God, and has often been compared to the monotheistic gods of the Asuran and Arabekhi religions. Below Tanrı lay the the Ilahi, the divine gods.

Land of Enlightenment

Symbols

  • Old Turkic letter T1.svg
  • Umai - Goddess of fertility and virginity
  • Bey Ülgan - Greatest of the deities, excluding Tanrı
  • Erlkik - God of the underworld
  • The sky and heaven
  • Tree of life

Practices

Rites and Rituals

A common feature of Göktanrism is the various rites and rituals for various ends, such as purifying one's soul or abode, avoiding harm from demonic forces or trickster spirits, bringing good luck and safe passage to the ancestors or the recently departed, promoting successful and bountiful harvests, victory in battle or other such pursuits, and other worldly ends. Priests may use divination or sacrifice in order to reach such ends. Göktanrist rituals vary in levels of complexity depending on the seriousness of the ritual being performed, with more divine rituals using various alters and works of art, as well as music and chanting. Simpler rituals, as one may perform in their own home, are more akin to praying before the sky or before the hearth shrine.

Mortuary rituals are particularly important to Göktanrists, to ensure that one's spirit can best be joined with the Everlasting Heaven. For this purpose, mourners often recite hymns and texts and join in prayer to ensure the wellbeing of the departed. The most holy and common form of burial is sky burial. Although a tradition of cremation also exists, believed to have been imported from battlefield cremation from the Warring Tribes era.