Fahran

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Second Gheirav Republic of Fahran
Jumhuriyyah al-Gheiravyat al-Thaniyyah al-Fahraaniyyah   (language?)
Flag
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: "Ma zal lahabna yahtariq"
"Our flame still burns"
Anthem: Mawtini
"My Homeland"
MediaPlayer.png
Location of Fahran (dark green)
– in Catai (green & dark grey)

– in the CDN (green)
Map of Fahran (including overseas holdings)
CapitalHaqara
Largest city Qhor am-Sadf
Official languages Gheiravic
Recognised regional languages Kanso
Osai-Resenga
Nimanheric
Ethnic groups Gheiravin (56.91%)
Kel Damazin (13.22)
Kanso (11.44%)
Nimanis (5.84%)
Resenyas (5.47%)
Baghalis (4.89%)
Kazhwiris (2.23%)
Demonym Fahrani, Gheirav, Fahranic
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Mohammed Sabbagh (AP)
Legislature Congress
 -  Upper house Assembly of Elders
 -  Lower house Assembly of the People
Establishment
 -  Caliphate Established 20 BCE 
 -  Unification 1571 CE 
 -  Independence from X 1892 CE 
Area
 -  Total 527,015.78 (Xth) km2
327,472.42 sq mi
 -  Water (%) Negligible
Population
 -  estimate 35,084,331
 -  2005 census 31,209,994
 -  Density 66.57/km2
107.14/sq mi
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $473.5 billion (x)
 -  Per capita $13,495
Gini (x)53.9
high
HDI (2010)Increase .745
high
Currency Riyyal (RYL)
Time zone x (UTCx)
Date format dd ˘ mm ˘ yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +1121
Internet TLD .frn

Fahran (Gheiravic: al-Fahraan) officially the Second Gheirav Republic of Fahran (Gheiravic: Jumhuriyyah al-Gheiravyat al-Thaniyyah al-Fahraaniyyah), is a Gheirav sovereign state and semi-presidential unitary republic in western Catai, located within Aeia. Fahran occupies 527,015.78 km2 and straddles the series of straits and canals that link the Asur Sea to the Iranic Sea. Its Cataian territories are bordered by Kazhwir, Sidi Synnia, and the Iranic Sea to the west and the Iranic Sea to the south, while its Majulan territories are bordered by Habasha to the north, west, and south and the Iranic Sea to the east. Fahran comprises six provinces, seventeen governates, and one overseas territory. The capital is Haqara. The largest city is Qhor am-Sadf. Fahran numbers among the most ethnically and racially diverse countries in the region and is home to Gheiravin, Kel Damazin, Kanso, Nimanis, Resenyas, Kazhwiris, Asuran expatriates, and mixed-race Baghalis. Around 93% of the country's 35 million citizens are Muridin, with Alydians and non-religious people making up small but significant minorities, especially in the large coastal cities. The sole official language is Gheiravic, though regional languages have been nominally recognized since the Winter Intifada and the ratification of the 1996 Constitution.

Fahran possesses a comparatively short but historically important coastline, encompassing the Strait of Asmara, the Strait of Sabatha, the Nalmorian Archipelago, and the Gulf of Nimanher, which allowed it to play a pivotal role in the spice and incense trades until the late medieval period. While much of its terrain is dominated by semi-arid plains, sandy deserts, and seasonal wadis, the River Aynúr with its numerous tributaries, located in northern Nimanher, and the River Fénya, located in western Tammuz, create alluvial flood plains. Aquifers and underground springs play a similarly important role, often serving as the life blood of oases, and support many of the most populous cities of Fahran. The Grey Sea, an important inlet north of Yamtar, is the region's largest interior body of salt water. Fahran is enclosed by the Zabalan Mountains, which rise up from the hills of eastern Amran, to the east and the Ramlat Abu al-Dhiyb Desert to the north. The varied and often harsh terrain of the country has left a profound imprint on the peoples who inhabit it.

Fahran is a developing country. Since the tenure of President Ali Adnan Guirguis, who was indicted for and convicted of charges of corruption, money-laundering, and misappropriation of public revenues in 2016, Fahran has often been described as a kleptocracy or a plutocracy, and has consistently numbered among the most corrupt countries in the region. In the absence of strong civilian institutions, elite politics has constituted a de facto form of collaborative governance, where competing tribal, regional, religious, and political interests agree to hold themselves in check through tacit acceptance of the balance it has produced. This system was largely bolstered and upheld by the role of the military, under the command of Field Marshal Cebrail Osman al-Nerraphne, as the guardian of the republic. The recent election of President Mohammed Sabbagh and the Irsadic Unity Party has suggested the end of power sharing between elitist interest groups and the advent of popular democracy in the Irsadist mold.

Culturally, Fahran has a very rich heritage and celebrates the achievements of its past in both pre-Irsadic as well as post-Irsadic times. It is well-known for its poetry, including such epics as the Epic of Barsalan, the Aydhariadh, and the Lament of Qasim and Izgadhil, and its finely crafted knives, jewelry, and trinkets, often making use of copper, gold, precious gems, and ivory. Its architecture is among the most renown in the Irsadic world and is home to a great many palaces, gardens, and shrines erected in the elegant style of the Irsadic Golden Age. Fahran is a member-state of the World Assembly and the Council of Irsadic Cooperation, and a signatory of the Global Trade and Security Accord.

Etymology

Fahran is first mentioned in the El Haddah manuscript, dated to around 452 BCE, where it referred to a region encompassing modern Yamtar and al-Souhr. It's etymology is derived from the Old Fahranic word fahrih, meaning "blissful" or "paradise", as the country was well-known in antiquity for its vineyards and fertile soil during the rainy season. By the reign of Ramil-Qahirnisat II, the name had come to apply to all lands south of and including the Ramlat al-Dhiyb Desert, with the Fiorentines referring to the landmass and cultural sphere as Garabia Felix.

Following the Aydurid Conquest in 1571 CE, it became customary to refer to subjects of Fahran as Fahrani in the singular and Fahranis in the plural, with Fahrani also serving as the adjective to describe things relating to the country. This constitutes both an ethnonym and a demonym, and, while it theoretically applies to subjects of overseas territories like Tammuz and al-Bahriyyah, most subject peoples self-identify based on their own local ethnonyms and demonyms. The older adjective Fahranic occasionally appears in popular parlance, though it's more generally restricted to discussions of pre-Irsadic cultures, pre-Arabian language, and national epics like the Aydhariad, The Song of Qasim and Izgadhil, and Blue Skies Over Khimyariyyah.

The people who inhabit Fahran are part of a broader linguistic and ethnic community known as the Gheiravin. The word gheirav is derived from an Old Lysanic root meaning "western" or "westernesse", alluding to their ancestral homeland in Arabekh far to the west of Catai. It is often used interchangeably with Fahrani in describing the citizens of Fahran.

History

Human habitation in Fahran occurred as early as 3200 BCE, with widespread evidence of animal husbandry, especially of horses, goats, sheep, and dogs, in the form of cave art, statuettes, and ceremonial burials that yielded human and animal skeletons. This collection of sites has been collectively referred to as the Rhûnya culture. The various discoveries reflect the significance of the sites as an important ancient civilization and gives it significant prehistoric importance with enough proof and detailed data for rewriting the Neolithic history of Western Catai in particular. Rhûnya also reveals additional information about the relationship between human economic activities and inherent climate change, how hunter-gatherer societies became sedentary, how they made use of natural resources available to them, and how they set into motion the domestication of plants and animals.

The earliest sedentary culture in Fahran dates back to the Tel Gezir Period, which began around 2800 BCE. Compelling evidence of human settlement exists in the form of pottery shards scattered around sites near the modern city of Qhor am-Sadf. While some experts have argued that Barseh, a site located in the southern coast of Yamtar, near modern Fatima, would have been more hospitable to early civilization, the archaeological record has yet to yield substantive evidence of habitation there prior to 2700 BCE. It has been theorized that both populations spoke an Afro-Asiatic or even an Iranic dialect, but the absence of a coherent system of writing at the sites prevents further speculation on the linguistic and ethnic character of these early settlers. Writing in the form of primitive cuneiform tablets composed of oven-hardened clay occur as early as 2400 BCE at the ruins of Umma, Dilam, and Anshan.

By the early Bronze Age, circa 2400 BCE, large polities like Dilmun, Kesh, and Anshan had formed intricate and expansive commercial networks. Dilmun, the most powerful of these early kingdoms, exerted suzerainty over a number of the burgeoning city-states that had cropped up around the straits. It's ruined capitol at Aaxo-Menhet has yielded extravagant palatial complexes and the remnants of what would have been the largest harbor in the world at the time. The middle of the Bronze Age saw increasing violence and tumult across the region, reflecting the jockeying that occurred between disparate city-states and tribes, who often spoke unique dialects and worshiped deities particular to their locality. These conflicts culminated in the ascendancy of the Empire of Ilarin on the mainland and the trade-power of Qaraax in the Nalmorian Archipelago.


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