Education in Katranjiev

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Education in Katranjiev has been modeled off of the Luziycan education system. Today, the duchies are responsible for administering education, although the curriculum is generally similar among duchies.

Overview

In 1854, Apostol XII implemented a system of state schools, and began mass-education of students up to Grade 6. The following year, all males were required to attend school, whether public or private, unless if they were "retarded." In 1888, compulsory education was expanded to Grade 8, and girls were made to attend school, and then in 1922 to the age of 16 for both genders. That year, K-12 education was declared to be free.

During the Liberationist era, school leaving age was dropped to 12 during the 26th of July Movement, but since the 1980s, it is back to 16. At the same time, after the restoration of the Katranjian monarchy, duchies experimented with various approaches of education, making it difficult, but by the late 1990s, they have adopted a consistent approach.

Grading

The grading system in Katranjiev is generally divided between F, the failing grade, and A-C, and D, the succeeding grades. In assignments, they may have a +, comprising half better, or - for half less. A+ is occasionally awarded to students with very high marks in class. Final grades however, can only use A, B, C, D, and F. I is sometimes used, usually for special cases.

Grade Average marks
A 90%-100% (97% and higher for A+, 93% and lower for A-)
B 80%-89% (87% and higher for B+, 83% and lower for B-)
C 70%-79% (77% and higher for C+, 73% and lower for C-)
D 60%-69% (67% and higher for D+, 63% and lower for D-, D+ is the bare minimum to pass except for SATs, in which case C is)
F 0-59% (57% and higher for F+, 30% and lower for F-)
I Special circumstance (modification or long absence)

Academic year

The average school year begins on the third Monday of August, and ends on the last weekday before Pentecost. School often starts at 9 am and ends at 3 pm in primary and intermediate schools, and from 8 am to 4 pm in secondary schools.

There are a number of breaks: mainly Winter Break, which begins the week before Christmas, and ends the week after New Year's. In the eastern duchies (like Trifonov) and in Namorese-language schools, a festival break occurs around the week of Namorese New Year, while in the rest of the country, spring break is generally the week after Easter.

(TBC)

Education levels

In all duchies, the education system has been organized like this. Prior to 1953, they were numbered in the same order as the Luziycan and Namorese education systems, but under the People's Republic of Katranjiev, they were renamed to "eliminate all imperialist references." Thus, today, the chart goes like:

Year Student age Equivalent Level
Preschool 3-4 Preschool Pre-Kindergarten
4-5
Compulsory education
Year 1 5-6 Kindergarten Primary
Year 2 6-7 First Grade
Year 3 7-8 Second Grade
Year 4 8-9 Third Grade
Year 5 9-10 Fourth Grade
Year 6 10-11 Fifth Grade Intermediate Primary
Year 7 11-12 Sixth Grade
Year 8 12-13 Seventh Grade
Year 9 13-14 Eighth Grade
Year 10 14-15 Ninth Grade Secondary
Year 11 15-16 Tenth Grade
Year 12 16-17 Eleventh Grade
Year 13 17-18 Twelfth Grade

The chart excludes the tertiary stage, due to the differing degrees of organization.

Preschools

Between the ages of 3 and 5, children are eligible to attend preschools (Katranjian: detska gradina, Luziycan: detsad, Namorese: eрян, eryan).

Preschools generally focus on teaching letters of the "predominant language" of the area, and focus on basic mathematics, basic vocabulary (in that language), and social norms.

It is not compulsory, but 95% of children as of 2016 attend a preschool program, and many preschools are attached to schools.

Primary schools

A primary school in Desislav

On the year of the child's fifth birthday, children are required to enter a primary school (Katranjian: nachalno uchilishte, Luziycan: primaria shkola, Namorese: yниден xодонг, uniden hodong).

Year 1 is the equivalent to Kindergarten in Luziyca or in Namor, albeit it is compulsory.

Students are taught the main language, although beginning in Year 3, they start learning a second language (typically Katranjian for non-Katranjian speakers, or either Luziycan or Namorese for Katranjian-speakers). They are also taught arithmetic, and science, as well as fine arts, and participate in physical education classes.

The average school day lasts from 9 am to 3 pm, with a 15-minute "morning recess" halfway between 9 am and noon, lunch from noon to 1 pm, and an "afternoon recess" halfway between 1 pm and 3 pm.

In many duchies, primary schools continue to Year 5, when students move on to intermediate schools, but in smaller duchies, they continue until Year 9, when they move to high school, although the curriculum for Years 6-9 are the same regardless of whether they go on or stay.

Intermediate schools

In many duchies, from Year 6 onwards, students move on to intermediate schools (Katranjian: mezhdino uchilishte, Luziycan: srednya shkola, Namorese: джунгден xодонг, jungjen hodong).

These schools get rid of the recesses, only leaving an hour-long lunch. Extracurricular activities are organized, such as sports teams, or even student governments.

Classes tend to build on what had been taught in primary schools: in Year 6, sex education is introduced in the curriculum (although some begin it in Year 5 or even earlier). At the same time, foreign languages becomes important: students have to learn a third language (generally Luziycan or Namorese). As well, Namorese classes must use Standard Namorese as opposed to Southwestern Namorese.

From Year 6 on, standardized tests on the ducal level begin to be taken.

Secondary school

After students complete Year 9, they move on to secondary schools (Katranjian: sredno uchilishte, Luziycan: secundae shkola, Namorse: годен xодонг, goden hodong).

The school day starts at eight in the morning and ends at four in the afternoon, to simulate a "9-5 day" that students would be expected to experience in the workforce, with a 90 minute lunch break between 12 pm and 1:30 pm. It also rigorous, due to the fact that universities will look at students' grades from secondary schools, with core classes being mandatory such as "national languages," math, science (chemistry, physics, biology, or computer science), history, arts (either fine arts or applied arts), and foreign languages (where students learn another language, such as French). Financial literacy is also considered a core class, while physical education ceases being mandatory from Year 12 onward.

Once students turn 16, they are free to drop out, but 95% of students go to Year 13, where they study for the Royal Academic Test, which is comprehensive. Those who pass it with a 70% mark or higher can graduate, while those that fail must repeat Year 13.

Tertiary education

Universities

The most prestigious university in Katranjiev is the Royal University of Krasimir, located in Krasimir. There is no central campus, with its facilities being spread across Krasimir in "colleges."

Besides the Royal University of Krasimir, there are 18 other universities, of which only 2, the Royal University of Desislav and the Royal University of Baicheng are allowed, like the Royal University of Krasimir, to use the "Royal" prefix. Like Luziyca, Katranjian education also utilizes an academic major approach.

Colleges

There are 300 independent colleges (to distinguish them from constituent colleges) across the country. Colleges tend to be equivalent to community colleges or polytechnics, and are not permitted to use the term "university," since the term is regulated by the government of Katranjiev.

Many colleges are often specialized, with each college usually focusing on one area (i.e. medicine, law, vocational training, etc).