The Greater Kingdom of Eastern Tolmakia

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The Greater Kingdom of Eastern Tolmakia
Dhi Iashdirn Jriadir Dulmnakean Kenjdum
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1965–1975
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Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"Ruyaldy Onedi "
"Royalty Unite! "
Anthem
God Save The Queen
(Locally "May The Lord Save Our King/Queen)
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Capital Northamptonshire
Language(s) Tolmakian, English
Government Absolute Monarchy
Her Royal Highness, Princess
 - 1965-1975 Anna Marina
Secretary of State
 - 1965–1975 Raphael G. Robins
Heir to the Throne
 - 1965-1975 Lily Kushane Marina
Legislature The Royal Assembly
 - Upper house The House of Royalty
 - Lower house The House of Representatives
Historical era Cold War
 - End of the Tolmakian Civil War, Tolmakian Split December 10, 1965
 - Reunification of Tolmakia and Signing of Reunification Treaty October 15, 1975
Population
 - 1965 est. 11,147,994 
 - 1975 est. 12,951,199 
Currency Royal Sheni
Today part of
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Tolmakia

The Greater Kingdom of Eastern Tolmakia (Tolmakian: Ӥ4IК4ИIՕt or Dhi Iashdirn Jriadir Dulmnakean Kenjdum) was a small nation located in Europe, on the Island of Britain. It is commonly referred to as "Eastern Tolmakia" and occupies what used to be Southern England and what is now Eslan, East Norlan, East Haii and East Menlan. It shared borders with the United Kingdom and Western Tolmakia. It was surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean with the British Channel in the south.

After (the then initially unified) Tolmakian state's independence, a civil war caused by the clash of ideologies resulted in the new independent state dividing into two: Western Tolmakia, and Eastern Tolmakia. Eastern Tolmakia was a first Constitutional Kingdom ruled by Princess Anna Marina. Though it was constitutional, the ruler or princess herself was the Head of State and Head of government with real authority, and later converted the state into one with an absolute monarchial system. The only matter that made it constitutional was that citizens could offer referendum or elect officials through popular vote. Even after the state was under the abolsute monarchial power, citizens could still elect congressmen. Eastern Tolmakia had only one cabinet which was led by its first and only Prime Minister, Abel Kurowitz. The cabinet was abolished by Princess Anna Marina shortly.

The country was also ruled by a government although wholly under the authority of the royal leader. After the civil war, Eastern Tolmakia was one of the most underdeveloped nations in Europe, aside from Western Tolmakia. It was in a better condition than its western counterpart, and progressed rapidly for the five years to come. However by 1970, the nation would experience financial and political matters, and its growth would end abruptly.

Eastern Tolmakia would eventually dissolve and incorporated with Western Tolmakia. The ideologies and political beliefs of the west would replace its original ideologies. Some of the only notable contributions that Eastern Tolmakia has left behind were its special forces (that would become the present-day Royal Knights of Tolmakia and its national defense industry that is now the Tolmakian Defence Industries (DDE).

The split would cause a small (or sometimes described as a mini) cold war between the two sides. Tensions would cool down with the help of the international community, and even through some hardships. In 1975, both East and West Tolmakia would reunite to create present Tolmakia.

Etymology

Like present Tolmakia and Western Tolmkia, it was named after Sir Thomakia, a royal guard who served Queen Elizabeth I. However it is also thought that the name "Tolmakia" was derived from the name "Thomas". For the east it is most likely named after Sir Thomakia since Thomas was then a member of the opposing party. The usual standard way to refer to a citizen of then Eastern Tolmakia was as a "Eastern Tolmakian" or "Eastolmakian".

History

It is thought that Eastern Tolmakia (or at least its ideologies and its royalty) originated from the Medieval Period. The ancestors of Princess Anna Marina were rich and wealthy Tolmakian people. Her mother's side's ancestors were popular or at least very rich people while her father's side's ancestors were from royalty but were exiled. It was believed that the princess' father's side's ancestors were married to her mother's side's ancestors through an arrange marriage although it was not known if they did it since one side was of royalty and another rich or simply through coincidence.

The ancestors would live in Southern England and their children would continue to grow there even until the 20th century. However, many migrated to Northern England or neighboring Europe and became English or other foreign citizens. Only a handful stayed Tolmakians. The Princess as such was proclaimed a heir to the Kingdom of Tolmakia (or that is if it was to be a Kingdom). The proclamation of a heir would be criticized harshly especially by the republicans since they at first doubted this declaration and preferred a democratic republic instead.

In 2012, it was indeed confirmed and announced officially that Anna Marina was of royal heritage but was so distant from the original royal bloodline.

Civil War and Split

After independence was granted to the Tolmakians, many political parties were created. There were only two dominant parties: The Conservative Constitutional Monarchists and the Liberal Constitutional Republicans. The monarchists wanted to adopt (the British') their neighbor's royal heritage and create a kingdom while the liberal republicans wanted to create a new form of government modeled after countries like the United States of America. The monarchists were partially formed by Anna Marina who announced her royal heritage. However it is controversial if whether or not she formed it or was discovered by the monarchists. Anna Marina would later admit that she did co-found the monarchist party and proclaim herself as a royal ancestor. According to her 2010 interview, she knew this through stories passed down by her ancestors, family heirlooms and "gut feeling".

The monarchists proceeded to structure their desired nation. However their ideals and proclamation of a royal heir would provoke the republicans into looking down on them. The influence of the monarchists meant that the republicans could not ignore them and so instead they settled to resolve any matters peacefully. In an agreement, both parties decided to split the nation in half and only unify when all their differences were dealer with.The monarchists were a very progressive party and by the time a week had passed since the creation of the nation, they were able to create a fairly stable party structure, a royal constitution for its citizens, law enforcement and an armed forces. These contributions helped their influence and would assist them later in the civil war.

The parties came to meet in the city of Bristol (then the agreed location for what should have been the nation's capital city). It was a common procedure both parties did everyday, and they conducted these meetings in order to quickly settle their matters. During the meeting, gunmen and armed militants broke in the meeting grounds, disabled any guards stationed and attacked the republicans, completely ignoring the monarchists. The attack would stop after the republican members were either dead or gone from their sight and the gunmen retreated. Thomas Breshire, the representative of the republican party was fatally wounded as and died three days later for infections and blood loss. He could not be saved even in neighboring England. His death provoked pro-republicans to put the blame on the monarchists (as well as because of the fact that they were mostly unharmed during the attack). The Princess denied having anything to do with the attack and offered her condolences. She also vowed to resolve any matters at once, "before the 70s" as she put it during her spec.

The monarchists offered cash and presents to the republican party as "peace" gifts. Once again they were able to conduct meetings but this time with more security, and conducting them in random places. Despite this, the republicans viewed the monarchists and any pro-monarchist citizens with suspicion. But even through these added measures, attacks on republican members and supporters increased and many party associates were killed and their "gifts" stolen or missing. The republicans convicted the monarchists once again and this time the monarchists denied aggressively and threatened offensive measures if accused again.

Pro-republican soldiers of the military and even some civilians took up arms and marched to the headquarters of the monarchists. There they protested and demanded an end to these attacks which the monarchists repeatedly denied having connections with. Sticking to their word however, the monarchists would conduct a massive deployment of pro-monarchist militants against the republicans. Pro-monarchist soldiers were mobilized by the party.

In November 20, 1965 an assassination attempt on then Mr. Konan Danishwire alerted republican troops. They were deployed and embarked on a mission to storm the headquarters of the monarchists. Coincidentally in the same moment, pro-monarchist and republican troops encountered each other in the present National Central Park (which was then a suburb. Fighting broke out between each side and the initial count of casualties summed up to 149 dead and 210 wounded (according to republican sources).

Unfortunately for the monarchists, the republican forces would win the first battle and push further into the east. The command structure of both sides would completely collapse, and by the third day soldiers of each side were scattered around the nation. The scattered forces were still distinguishable from their marks (republicans wore blue insignias on their uniforms while monarchists branded orange shields on their cuffs). The battle would not be in any side's favor with the republicans winning in places mostly in the southern parts and the monarchists winning in the north.

To retaliate for republican forces sieging their headquarters, monarchist soldiers were sent to lay siege to Bristol, the republican's headquarters. Since their forces were achieving victory in the north, they were able to arrive in Bristol shortly. To escape the advancing republicans, the monarchist party and their vital members were moved into neighboring England (violating an earlier voider agreement with the British). Monarchist soldiers also snuck through the English border to avoid republican safeguards and directly marched into Bristol. Since the republicans highly respected the border agreements with the British, they left the capital city's perimeter facing England largely defenseless thinking no battles could be conducted there. Following four days of fighting the monarchists took Bristol city. Like the monarchist party, the republican party would be moved into Ireland just as Bristol fell to monarchist forces.

Disturbed by the battles raging alongside the United Kingdom, and the reckless loss of life the international community intervened by deploying peacekeepers and negotiators to help bring the war to an end and assist both sides negotiating. Neighboring UK also contributed aid to help end the war. After a meeting with the international community and both heads of parties, the republican and monarchist forces finally laid down their arms. Being scattered across the nation, fighting would fully end after a week has passed an all soldiers and militants surrendered their weapons.

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The headquarters of the republicans after the war.

In the city of London (November 25, 1965) Konan Danishwire and Princess Anna Marina would meet and discuss talks concerning the now battered nations. With the help of neutral parties and negotiators, Princess Anna Marina and Mr. Konan Danishwire would come to agreements: that the nation would be divided into two with each side going to each pary; that each party would respect each other's ideologies, boundaries and policies; that each party will conduct their own politics but cooperate together in order to reach a peaceful agreement or pact that would benefit both sides; and that no hostile measures must be taken by each side as long as they respect each other's values.

These agreements were drafted into what is now known officially as the the Tolmakian Partition Treaty (unofficially as the "Split" Treaty) and would be signed in December 10, 1965. Eastern Tolmakia would claim all of Eslen, Eastern Menlan, Eastern Haii and Eastern Norlan while Western Tolmakia would take Western Haii, Weslan, Western Menlan and Western Norlan. Princess Anna Marina became the head of state and head of government by Hereditary rights. Her younger sibling, Lily Kushane Marina would become the heir to the throne and the deputy head of state and government while democratic elections were elf for government officials and politicians. Their well structured party allowed their political matters to subside and their government structure to recover. The Royal Assembly (full: The Royal Assembly of the Greater Kingdom of Eastern Tolmakia) would be established under a separate constitution from the royal constitution for its citizens.

During Princess Anna Marina's rule the economy, industry and welfare of the nation progressed rapidly (just before the 1970s). Initially these were in a worse shape equivalent to Western Tolmakia. After the split, Eastern Tolmakia was superior in these terms and also in its armed forces. Through some regulations, it nationalized its products, created indigenous manufacturing sectors and an arms manufacturing industry and earned through trade. The regulations were aimed in gathering income for the nation's exports. However these regulations would also be a contributing source of failure for the future economy and foreign investment.

Its economy would fall under Western Tolmakia in the following decade. The development of Western Tolmakia would actually hinder the east's resources by monopolization. Following the year 1970, the west's reform had attracted business and foreign investment to the west instead. The East's resources were also cut off by the west's "coast guard" boats. In 1971, it was discovered that Eastern Tolmakia had ties with the USSR and was smuggling weaponry into British soil. Through this, sanctions were placed or threatened if Eastern Tolmakia would hand over these weapons. However the east would completely destroy their acquired Russian equipment to prevent capture by western hands and thus be embargoed. Political pressure from citizens (who were now suffering from the dire state of the economy) pressured the monarchists. Eventually many of their supporters would revert to the republican's side.

Western Tolmakia was given more favorable support by the international community. In 1975, the final blow that would send Eastern Tolmakia collapsing would be the signing of a Mutual Defence Pact between the United Kingdom and Western Tolmakia fully isolated the East in the surrounding international background.

Reunification

In 1975, Tolmakia reunited under peaceful terms. Princess Anna Marina dissolved the Eastern Tolmakian Legislation and renounced her position as it was clear (according to her speech) that Eastern Tolmakia could not thrive with the split and the division of the nation. Meeting in Western Meddli, in Northamptonshire Prime Minister Konan Danishwire and Princess Anna Marina once again came on a new treaty and agreement. Princess Anna would sign the official treaties and documents totally dissolving the eastern state and giving her assent to the reunification of the nation before renouncing her power and position as royalty and ruler of the east. The princess continues to live in England.

The Reunification Treaty and dissolution of East Tolmakia resulted in the Republican party becoming prevalent and the monarchy being ousted. In memory of its reunification, a 10 foot high granite memorial with a plaque commemorating the event was established in Meddli Square, near Center Park. Former East Tolmakia's arms industry would form the structure for the nation's present vital defense industries, the Tolmakian Defence Industries (DDE) and start the Tolmakian Agency of Aeronautics and Space (TAAS). The nation as a whole would stand by the west and align itself against the USSR.

It was in the same year that the new (and present) government of Tolmakia was formed. Though largely unchanged, the Republican Party reasserted and reestablished its rule over the newly reunified Tolmakia with the agreement of the populace. The current Republican Party was formed in 1975 and its first Prime Minister, Devin Kashlevin was elected after Konan Danishwire's term ended in 1976. In the same year, the state was officially declared a Parliamentary Constitutional Republic and the nation's official name as The Republican State of Tolmakia. The City of Meddli where the Reunification Treaty was signed would be designated as its capital.

According to many Tolmakians, the 1980s were the golden ages of the republic. Eastern Tolmakia would be affected by the west's prosperity and booming economy. Business and progress rapidly developed and by 1982, all traces of the civil war were virtually removed.

Geography and Climate

Eastern Tolmakia was a peninsula just as Western and present Tolmakia are. It experienced a temperate climate. It had mostly flat lands and plains in the southern provinces and lush forests in the north. The nation's total area was 32,000 square kilometers (11,430 square miles) not including water. The nation's largest region was Estern Menlan, the mainland with an area of 14,000 square kilometers and the smallest region was Eslen, the eastern province with just over 6000 kilometers of land (and still the same). The nation is located between the latitudes 49° and 52° North and longitudes 5° West and 2° East.

It occupied the southern part of the island and shared a 100 mile border with England. It was surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the United Kingdom and the British Channel. The River Thames flowed through New Oxford, Oxfordshire through Eastern Menlan emptying through Greater London.

East Tolmakia shared the same climate with the UK. Like England, the average temperatures were 0 °C (32 °F) in winter and not much higher than 32 °C (90 °F) in summer. The coldest months were January until March, and the warmest months were June until late October. Snowfall began usually in late December until mid-April. Storm surges and hurricanes were quite rare with storms happening once to seven times (at most) a year.

The kingdom of Tolmakia experienced either humidity, rain, fog or light rain for most of the rainy seasons. Atlantic currents warmed by the Gulf Stream brought mild winters to the east and even the west.

Environment

About 25% of East Tolmakia was urbanized with 30% more plotted for major development. A meager 15% were farmland and 30% forests, and natural landscape. During the year 1966, the government focused its attention on modernizing and urbanizing Eslen. Because of this, Eslen would be the second most developed region and Easton city a major part of the country's economic and political matters today. Easton's natural environment was cleared for the development of towns and cities. A majority of the population lived here. Despite its urbanization, the cities usually incorporated (and still incorporate) parks.

Part of Eslen also accounted for the nation's pasture and arable. It contributed 45% of the kingdom's agricultural products as well as meat and natural resources like tiber and wool. Eatern Norlan's landscape prosperedeven under the rule of Eastern Tolmakia. Notable parts included (and still include) the Norlan Plains, the Cambridge Greenhouses, the Shire Gardens and Peaceton Town (one of the nation's greenest communities). Eatern Menlan was also partially urbanized although development halted in the year of 1971.

Eastern Haii was notable for being the region of the east and of present Tolmakia with the longest coastline. The coastline of Eastern Tolmakia also included the Jurassic Coast, now a World Heritage site. The beaches of West Sussex in the Haii coast were particularly noted. While the Norlan coral reefs and sea life are under protection, the southern coast (dubbed Ruch Coast) was a common site for legal fishing. Most of the east's fishing industry relied on the Ruch Coast. In 1971, the coast guard of Western Tolmakia would monopolize the coast, cutting off the east's fish industry line.

Politics

The princess in 1966 (front-left).

East Tolmakia was a Constitutional Kingdom, employing a democratic system for its citizen but also granting power to the royalty as head of state, head of government, and commander in chief of the armed forces. Despite this power, the east was not officially an absolute monarchist state. The main ideologies that were upheld were conservatism and nationalism.

Western Tolmakia was also Bicameral Conservative State in the form of a constitutional kingdom. The royalty became the rulers through hereditary rights and customs. The eldest candidate from the royal family is automatically selected as the head of state and head of government. The ruler's children, younger siblings or younger cousins (if the ruler does not have any children or siblings) may become the heir to the throne. After the ruler abdicates, the heir may take the throne. However there was only one princess (not even a king or queen) who ruled eastern Tolmakia.

The legislation of East Tolmakia was the The Royal Assembly of the Greater Kingdom of Eastern Tolmakia, present Tolmakia's only other legislation created aside from the present Republican Assembly. It was divided into two groups: The The House of Royalty and the The House of Representatives. Congressmen of the upper house were chosen by the royalty while the lower house members were elected by popular vote. Cabinet members were also chosen by royalty (but were eligible also by popular vote). The highest judicial power was held by the The Royal Supreme Court of Eastern Tolmakia which dealt with matters regarding legislation, royal and citizen's rights, high treason and crimes against the country and the royal family. Most notably it was in charge of dealing with citizens caught in matters involving both Tolmakias. The law of Eastern Tolmakia is also similar to the English Law. However it has separate laws for its royalty and officials regarding their rights and policies.

At first, it attempted to establish diplomatic relations the U.K, then Europe. These would succeed but for only a short while. Its ties with the USSR would cause its foreign relation with surrounding Europe to dissolve. The government maintained departments and "offices" in place of ministries, each assigned to a specific subject or matter. There were originally 30 departments which had at least two of their own smaller branches. The government also had administrative branches for each main region indirectly dictated by the royalty or through legislation.

International Affairs and Foreign Relations

Eastern Tolmakia had very bad ties with the international community. At first, it was able to maintain ties with the UK, USA, and surrounding countries. these ties would collapse when Western Tolmakia would emerge as the more dominant power and dissolve completely when its relations with the USSR were revealed. Its relations with the USSR were limited only to arms smuggling and limited "trade" in which resources were exchanged for goods. When these relations were exposed, embargoes were placed on the east. These embargoes were lifted after the reunification.

The kingdom's relations were sour especially with Western Tolmakia, and these relations provoked a standoff between both nations. It mainly relied on itself for resources and local products such as weapons and vehicles. Later in 1970, relations would grow less hostile and sensible. In 1975 when the royalty abdicated, East Tolmakia reunified with the west.

Security and Law Enforcement

After the civil war, the Tolmakian Military Forces were reestablished but divided by both sides once again. The military of Eastern Tolmakia was slightly superior to the force of Western Tolmakia during 1966. The military relied on locally manufactured equipment and arms, and later on smuggled weaponry. The military of the east acquired its first armored vehicle, the BTR in 1971. To this day, what remained of its Russian equipment is still used.

The military of eastern Tolmakia was divided into two branches: The Royal Army of Tolmakia, and the Royal Aquatic Force of Tolmakia. The Tolmakian Air ore of the Greater Kingdom served as its air force. But before it was able to acquire any foreign aircraft, its economy would collapse and render its military budget ineffective for purchasing any aircraft, or even for maintenance. Despite being able to create some prototype aircraft, they their budget was only able to acquire a squadron. Turbo prop planes served as its primary air force. The army was in charge of protecting the nation and royalty while the aquatic forces acted like the coast guard. The aquatic forces however were non-existent during 1973 and later its air force would collapse on its own. It would only acquire jets after its reunification.

The Eastern Tolmakian Police Force were responsible for law enforcement and security. However they also acted as paramilitary units and military police. The police was made up of volunteers. After the reunification, the DHF (Tolmakian Homeland Police) replaced the Eastern Tolmakian Police Force.

Economy

Oil Platforms near the eastern shore. This picture was taken in 2001 to demonstrate the duration of mining in the eastern shore. From 1967 until now, platforms actively operate in these shores.

The economy of Eastern Tolmakia was a regulated mixed system. The currency that The Greater Kingdom of Eastern Tolmakia used was the Royal Sheni (RS$). Despite its lower value, the Royal Sheni was used widely in all regions. Royal Sheni rates were RS$1 = $0.80 initially (later RS$1 = $0.50). Banknotes were printed in S$5, S$20, S$50, S$100 and S$500 denominations. Coins were denominated into S$0.5, S$0.25 and S$0.75

In its peak, the unemployment rate was 21% in Eastern Tolmakia. After the constitution for the people was passed and economic laws were passed, the number of unemployed receded. At its lowest, rates plunged to just 10%. However by 1979, unemployment rates once again climbed up, skyrocketing to 17%. Political discontent and actions from the west hindered the kingdom's economy.

At its lowest, the kingdom's GDP was only $8 Billion. During its prosperous years, Eastern Tolmakia's GDP was $20 Billion. At the time of its dissolution, its GDP was only 11 Billion. Average working hours were enforced at 45 hours per week, from monday to friday. The eligible age for a job was 18 years.

Eastern Tolmakia relied heavily on "perishable" goods and agriculture for its economy and GDP income. Part of Eslen Towns, eastern Haii, and northern Menlan were cleared for agriculture, manufacturing, and industry. Products included grain, bread, wine, meat, poultry, vegetables, fruits, berries, nuts, beer, seafood, wheat, barley and oat. Meat accounted for much of the market, totaling almost 30% while supplied water from the west (by Sparklequa Co.) accounted for roughly 40% of the beverages department. Fruits, vegetables, bread, dairy and miscellaneous consumable goods accounted for the rest (but later their percentages would rise in 1974).

The kingdom also established its own arms industry. At first, small sidearms and crossbows were created. In the following years until 1972, indigenous weapons such as the E05 Assault Rifle (a predecessor of the current army's E11) were created and some copies of the Kalashnikov rifle were even reported to be found in post-reunification warehouses. However, vehicles would only be produced in 1980 and the industry stuck to small arms or infantry weapons. The arms industry would become the present day Tolmakian Defense Industries.

In the northeast of The Kingdom of Tolmakia, oil reserves and mines were established. Near the city of Easton, mining progressed in small scale operations while oil was drilled or pumped through coastal platforms. Oil and ore accounted for 10% to 15% of the nation's GDP. However, that would fall to just under 5% after 1973. Because of its small scale operations, oil and ores are still mined, drilled and pumped to this day in less quantities.

The Kingdom's department responsible for economics and trade was the Royal Department if Economy and Revenue. The Royal Treasury a separate department from the Department of Business and Department of Financial Matters was in charge of the country's monetary matters. Its central bank was the Royal Bank of Greater Tolmakia.

Like Western Tolmakia, workers and citizens relied on automobiles and buses for transportation and commuted even by railway. The East had roughly 75,000 miles of paved road and 2500 miles of railway. It railway now forms part of the present republic's 6000 mile network of rail transport. Automobiles transported 2 million each day while passenger trains catered to 1 million commuters per day. The east had virtually any airliners relying on international airliners or nearby foreign airports for international flights and travel.

The Kingdom of Eastern Tolmakia relied on coal and waste-to-energy plants. Coal accounted for 50% of its energy, hydroelectricity or other methods accounted for 30% and renewable energy accounted for 10%. However, renewable energy would shrink to 1% (in 2005) because of the nation's nuclear power. Eastern Tolmakia had planned to create a nuclear power plant, but was unable to do so before its reunification.

Demographics



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Ethnicities in East Tolmakia
  British (35%)
  Irish (22%)
  Scottish (9%)
  Other European (14%)
  Indian (10%)
  Other Nationalities (10%)

A census report in 1975 (just before the reunification) estimated that citizens who were or of British or English descent made up 35%. 22% of the pollution accounted for Irish heritage and a small 9% for Scottish ancestry. Other ethnicities included German, French, Dutch, Austrian, Asian and African heritage. Merging with the Angles, most Tolmakians are generally caucasian. Asian, African and Other migrants into the 19th and 20th century account for the other various ethnicities in the nation.

Immigration during the existence of Eastern Tolmakia was even lower compared to Western Tolmakia. While 500,000 registered in the Western Tolmakian Office of Immigration each year, a mere (roughly estimated figure) of 800,000 would emigrate within the kingdom's existence. Most immigrants favored either the United Kingdom or Western Tolmakia. Many Eastern Tolmakians migrated to neighboring United Kingdom, France, Germany, Spain or the Americas.

Tolmakia has its own language. Preserved since the incorporation into the British groups before its unification in the 900 AD, Tolmakian is generally similar to the English language. In writing, Tolmakian is written from right to left. The language also has its own alphanumerics. English is officially the second official language. In Eastern Tolmakia, Tolmakian was enforced by law to be spoken in place of English. It was spoken by 100% of the population and used in place of English. The language was taught in classes and in literature.

The next most prevalent languages in Western Tolmakia after Tolmakian were English, German, French, Irish, Dutch, Finnish and Chinese.

Religion

The main and most prevalent religion of Eastern Tolmakia was Protestantism. It is now the national religion of The Republic of Tolmakia. About 47% of the population were Protestants. The church of the kingdom was dubbed The Royal Church of Protestantism in the Greater East. The Royal Church of Protestantism in the Greater East would be incorporated into the republic's current church of protestantism.

Roman Catholicism was the second popular religion, with a large 36% of the population practicing it. Introduce to Britain and Tolmakia at the same time, Catholicism would be replaced by Protestantism as the most prevalent in east, falling from 54% to its current statistic. The rest of the population (17%) practice other religions or are irreligious.

Other religions included Hinduism and Buddhism only. All other religions were banned until even after its reunification. These bans were lifted in 1979.

Culture

Eastern Tolmakia shares its media and the rest of its cultural history with Western Tolmakia and present-day Tolmakia. However it was notable for its mostly conservative attitudes or nationalistic ways regarding its culture.

Media

In media, Eastern Tolmakia ran a local broadcasting station called the Broadcasting Network of Greater Tolmakia (VaNJiD). Later, the name was changed to the Eastern Tolmakian Brodacasting Network (IDViN) when relations with the west cooled down and progressed. The IDViN was the national and leading news network of the east, broadcasting international news and weather reports. The network also had many other channel branches such as "Good Morning Easton!" (JuMI) which was a channel that aired usually in the morning and East Opinion Reports (IdUR) which broadcasted public opinion and suggestions of citizens. The IDViN is now a part of the DVCH (Tolmakian Broadcasting Channel) and its other channel branches defunct.

During the late 1960s, two popular films were created: The Crown of Great Tolmakia which was about the royalty and the civil war (which was declared as propaganda material by the west) and later the Heritage of Tolmakia, a document about Tolmakians and their history. Famous directors included Leslie Royal who would win several awards for best assisting director and George Little.

Art, Literature and Music

Eastern Tolmakians preferred mostly classical or orchestral music. However younger generations preferred classic rock or what are now known as popular hit-singles such as the Beatles. John Lennon and Paul McCartney were famous artists in the east. Indigenous electronic music was also popular, and some popular songs are still played and listened to in present Tolmakia.

Art in Eastern Tolmakia was prioritized. Literature was also regarded highly. In education, students were taught how to paint and write books. In many state sponsored schools, children were taught to create their own notebooks and given freedom to customize their literature material. These practices are still common in some of Tolmakia's eastern universities. Students were also taught music, notably guitar, violin and other string instruments. Beats and rhythms were also taught.

Cuisine

Eastern Tolmakia was notable in the subject of cuisine for its meat dishes such as roasted chicken or turkey dishes and lamb stews. Seafood was also common but not as popular as it was today. Dishes were usually sweet or savory. Aside from that, the cuisine of Eastern Tolmakia remains largely unchanged to this day.

Sports

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An archery range near Norlan Plains, 1974.

Eastern Tolmakia's national sport was archery. In school (elementary even until early college) and military training, trainees and students alike were taught how to shoot a bow and arrow, then a crossbow (and even a rifle). However only those who qualified or pass a certain examination could own a bow or crossbow. Archery was a sport for entertainment and competition. To encourage it, competitions were held every month. To this day, Tolmakia still celebrate the sport of archery, although only as a second popular sport next to soccer.

Another popular sport was basketball. Famous with younger citizens or the more athletic generations, basketball competitions were held in schools and even in military bases every year. The east's popular (and later proclaimed national sports team) were the Easton Dunkers or the Tolmakian Dunkers of the East. In an effort to connect with its neighbors, the kingdom encouraged basketball matches between its national team and British or Western Tolmakian teams.

Other sports that were popular were tennis, badminton, swimming and football. Tennis competitions were also held with their neighbors and locally annually.

See also