Demphor

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Rìoghachd nà Démpharás, Élbaniøs & Duís
Kingdom of Demphor, Élbannin and Duís
Royal_Arms_of_England_(1189-1198).svg
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: "Semper deinceps."
Common: Always onwards
Anthem: Èirich, ag Èirich, Talamh Glòrmhor
(" Rise, Rise, Glorious Land")
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Royal anthemChun Bua
("To Victory")
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Capital
and largest city
Ormania
Official languages Common
Demphorian
Géranos
Ethnic groups Demphorians (85%)
Akai (6%)
Edomites (4%)
Ghantish (3%)
Dewedish (2%)
Demonym Demphorian
Government Semi-presidential constitutional monarchy in personal union with Deweden
 -  Tànaiste John VII
as regent for Samara I
 -  Ceannard Almira Eibhlín
 -  Prìomhair Andrew Wilson
 -  Marasgal an Àrd-Chùirt Haydn Bird
Legislature Nàiseanta Coithional na Démpharás
 -  Upper house Seanadh Démpharás
 -  Lower house Taigh nan Ionadachs
Area
 -  1,183,080.27 km2
735,132 sq mi
Population
 -  2017 estimate 67,301,376
 -  2017 census National Census
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $2,49.76 billion
 -  Per capita NS$37,009.05
Gini (2017)29.71
low
HDI (2014)Increase 0.974
very high · 3rd
Currency Demphorian Pound (PDR)
Time zone Skandia Time Zone
Drives on the right
Calling code +129
Patron saint Tàmhas
Website
demphorsokewl.gov.de

The Kingdom of Demphor, Élbannin and Duís, (Demphorian: Rìoghachd nà Démpharás, Élbaniøs & Duís) also known as Demphor, is a semi-presidential constitutional monarchy in the region of Ajax located on the Skandian subcontinent.

Demphor's capital, Ormania, is the political and financial heart of the country. The three parts of the Kingdom – Demphor, Élbannin and Duís – are recognized constituent countries and participate on a basis of equality as partners in the Kingdom. In practice, however, all of the Kingdom affairs are administered by Demphor – which comprises roughly 95% of the Kingdom's land area and population – on behalf of the entire Kingdom. Consequently, Élbannin and Duís are dependent on Demphor for matters like foreign policy and defense and have been named unincorporated territories.

From ancient times up until the early 1900's, Demphor remained a largely independent and thriving nation, with extensive knowhow in seafaring and fishing. By the 1500's, Demphorian Kings pursued a period of isolationism from the rest of the region and banned the import of foreign books and large amounts of trade, however, this policy was broken severely with the Nørden Wars, in which the House of Kårne rose up against the House of Thérørdon. From 1864 - 1898, Demphor conquered the bordering nations of Élbannin and Duís in what was known as the Gualai Restoration.

Much of Demphor during the 20th century was dominated by the foundation of the Demphorian Empire. Proclaimed by King James V on on New Years Eve, 1932, the Empire was successful in the annexation of Tiarna in the late 1960s, but experienced a period of instability following attempts to stabilize the country. The Demphorian Empire dissolved on November 21st, 1992.

Demphor had been recently plagued with civil war, coups and counter-coups and the restoration of the Demphorian monarchy in 2015. Between 2011 - 2015, Demphor underwent a series of 4 government changes, from a military dictatorship, and Republic, a second military dictatorship and the restoration of Robert I, King of Demphor under a new Kingdom. The restoration brought about a new era of stability to Demphor. This historical event has been recently known as the Great Revolution.

Demphor is considered a middle power in the region of Ajax.

Etymology

Demphor is known as Démpharás in the Demphorian language. The modern Demphorian word evolved from the Old Demphorian words Démøs and Pharás, which was the names of two Demphorian gods. Démøs and Pharás were generally believed to be brothers who were represented the God of the Sea and the God of Sovereignty, or simply a god of the land. Over the years these words were used to describe Demphor as a Land in the Sea, or a sealand. Over time, Démøs and Pharás evolved into Démpharás.

History

Prehistoric Demphor

During the last glacial period, and up until about 1,3000 years ago, most of Demphor was covered with ice, most of the time. Sea levels were lower and Demphor, formed part of continental Acheron. By 12,000 BC, rising sea levels due to ice melting caused Demphor to become separated from Acheron. There is no evidence of any humans being in Demphor before Mesolithic people arrived by boat from northern Acheron between 8,000 BC and 7,000 BC.

From about 4,500 BC Neolithic settlers arrived introducing housing cultures and stone monuments. The Bronze Age – defined by the use of metal – began around 2,500 BC, with technology changing people's everyday lives during this period through innovations such as the wheel, harnessing oxen, weaving textiles, brewing alcohol, and skillful metalworking, which produced new weapons and tools, along with fine gold decoration and jewelry, such as brooches and torcs. Demphor in the Late Bronze Age was part of a maritime trading-networked culture called the Bronze Age that also included modern day Élbannin and Duís. The earliest form of the Demphorian language developed during this time period.

Ancient Demphor

See also: Kingdom of the Dûrs

During the Iron Age a Celtic language and culture emerged in mainland Ajax and spread into Demphor. How and when the island of Demphor became Celtic based has been debated for close to a century, with the migrations of the Celts being one of the more enduring themes of archaeological and linguistic studies. Today there is more than one school of thought on how this occurred in Demphor. The migration of the Tyrrslynder people is also associated with this era. The Tyrrslynders were seafarers, speaking a distinct dialect similar to old English, who raided and traded from their homelands across wide areas of northern, central and eastern Tempesta, during the late 10th to late 13th centuries. The Demphorian and Tyrrslynder people fought against each other and traded with each other for several centuries, with the Tyrrslynders inhabited the northern islands and the Demphorians in the south. This balance lasted up until the 13th century, when expansion by the Demphorians drove them off the islands.

From 732 AD to 1303 AD, the House of Dursland dominated the most southern part of the island, with Chieftans ruling over at the ancient burial site of Kragenzal. It is suspected that the Durslandis interacted with northern settlements and tribes. During the late 4th century, the Kingdom of the Dûrs had succeeded in building a sophisticated society, building a series of lavish underground cities in the Southern regions. These served as places to extract agricultural resources. These large cities, now abandoned and protected by the WAESCO World Heritage Sites. The largest and most preserved Durslandi underground city is the city of Graché-Dûm, which which measures 18 km worth of tunnels and chambers. Around 1,123 scrolls have been recovered from the site, documenting the Durslandi and their Celtic influence.

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Map showing the territories conquered and established by the House of Dursland.

The rise of this sophisticated society allowed the House of Dursland to expand and dominate southern Demphor, however, by 1067, the House of Dursland grew immensely weak. According to the early Demphorian scholar Huler of Ormania, each part of the Lordships elected a "Lárnking" who had in reality been the lord of respective territory. They vowed to claim the throne after the death of the Durslandi dynasty.

Christianity began to arrive to Demphor in the early 11th century, challenging the old Demphorian religious system. These Christian preachers showed early influences of Gnosticism in their scriptures and sermons, some of which heavily impact the Demphorian Catholic Church today. Its earliest development took place under the leadership of Tàmhas the Wiser, who built the organization of Christian temples in Demphor.

According to the Demphorian Christian scriptures, Christians were from the beginning subject to persecution by some religious authorities sponsored by the Durslandi dynasty, who disagreed with the preachers' teachings. This involved punishments, including death. Larger-scale persecutions followed at the hands of the authorities of the Durslandi armies, first in the year 1064, when King Duínweld II blamed them for a plague that spread through Ormania that year. According to Church tradition, it was under Duínweld II's persecution that early Demphorian Church leaders Keninwéld and Durínfall were each martyred in Ormania.

By 1086, following the death of Duínweld II, the first Demphorian lordships converted to Christianity. These lordships were often on the fringes of the wilderness and eventually support for the Christian faith moved inwards. Fearing a civil dispute, Duínweld II's son, Duínweld III, allowed Christianity to be recognized by his authorities. Despite this, Christians still faced persecution.

Tenions between the pagan worshipping Durslandis and the Christian worshipping lords boiled over into the War of the Books, which was a religious conflict that lasted from 1231 to 1303. After years of conflict and numerous losses on either side, it appeared obvious that the conflict was not only over religion, but over the crown of Demphor itself. following 72 years of conflict, the House of Thérordøn appeared the strongest to take the Throne for themselves. The final victory went to a claimant of the Thérordøn house, Théoden Thérordøn, who defeated the last Durslandi king, Duín II, at the Battle of the Longpike. After assuming the throne as Théoden I, he married Jane of Ormania, the eldest daughter and heiress of Duín II, thereby uniting the two houses. The House of Thérordøn was brought to power.

Middle Ages

See also: Kingdom of Demphor
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Signing of the Proclamation of Ormania.

Despite his victory at the Battle of the Longpike, King Théoden called for a peace council at a church in Ormania. 13 Lords met and agreed to recognize the new monarchy abolishing their own city states and titles and swear loyalty to the new King. The King of Demphor was elected as legitimate at the Nuzchrezzar Council with a majority of 8 for King Théoden. Théoden was crowned in public ceremony the very next day. The Lords signed the Ballartachadh an Ormanés, otherwise known as the Proclamation of Ormania. Not only did it recognize Théoden as King, it also preserved the right for all religious and personal decisions to be reserved to those who made them, and made it a crime to persecute any person for their beliefs. This policy also led to the creation of a strictly secular Kingdom, with Kings swearing not to let their own religious beliefs get in the way of the policy making that was vital to the nation.

From 1304 to 1352, Théoden ruled over most of Demphor, rebuilding old cities and towns and establishing trade networks among different cities to establish commerce. This led the Kingdom to an huge amount of wealth and overall filled the treasury of the King. His son, Richard III, used money made on commerce to establish schools and an organized bureaucracy, with Lords who were blood related to him controlling different areas of the island, known as provinces, and with royal spies, known as Súile Rí, monitoring each of the Lords. He also built a system of castles across the country to ensure protection in the Kingdom.

In 1516, King John II, father of the future King Arthûr V, died. In addition to conflicts between within the Catholic Church, the death of the King would be another source of tension during the reign of Arthûr. Before Arthûr even began his reign in the Kingdom, in 1517, Martin Luther initiated what would later be known as the Reformation. At this time, many local lords saw it as a chance to oppose the hegemony of King Arthûr V. The Kingdom then became dangerously divided along religious lines, with the west becoming Protestant while the northern, southern, eastern and central regions largely remained Catholic.

In an attempt to ensure no division in his Kingdom, Arthûr V called for a council in Ormania to ensure that the Carta Unificationis would stand. In 1519, Protestant and Catholic leaders in Demphor agreed to the Ormania Concordant, which promised and ensured that no religious conflict would break out between the two religious factions. The Columbian Exchange had reached Demphor and was taking large impact on Demphorian Culture. King Arthûr V established the Leithlisiú do Dhaoine, or "Isolation for the People", which placed a ban on foreign books not including books on medicine or anatomy. This period of isolation lasted until 1856 with the initiation of the Gualai Restoration.

After Arthûr died in 1584, his son James III became King, and like his father, accepted the existence of Protestantism and the need for compromise with it. James preferred classical Greek philosophy to Christianity and lived an isolated existence in within the capital. In 1598, he withdrew many of the Catholic practices that had been tradition within the Royal House, therefore creating an officially secular monarchy.

Nørden Wars: 1688 - 1706

See also: Nørden Wars

In the 1500's, Demphorian Kings pursued a period of isolationism from the rest of the region and banned the import of foreign books and large amounts of trade. However, this policy was broken severely when John III decided to close the ports entirely to shipping. Several houses, including the House of Kårne, rose up in rebellion due to these policies. As a result, the Nørden Wars began, with Lord Hubert VI of the House of Kårne leading his armies in open rebellion against the Kingdom. He quickly seized control of several provinces to the north of Ormania, however did not attempt to take control of all of Demphor.

After the death of John III his son, John IV, was too young to effectively govern. The House of Kårne took this opportunity to land an occupational force at Bufford on 6 August 1701. The news of landing had outraged the royal court which was administering the government for John IV, and, as the Kårnian forces marched towards Ormania, they found their route barred by a large Demphorian army, mostly of infantry, under the court's Army. At the Battle of Orman Moor, the court's army, commanded by Henry III of the House of Bourmet, was defeated the larger Kårnian force. When the slaughter was finally over, the Henry III, many nobles and around 2,000 Demphorians had been slain. The Kårnian armies then marched on Ormania where the royal court refused to surrender. After the First Battle of Ormania on 6 October 1701, Demphorian forces successfully withstood the first attack of Kårnian forces.

When John IV came of age, he began to do whatever he could to undermine Kårnian authority in the provinces they controlled. He plotted and carried the assassinations of Kårnian officials, raised small forces to skirmish with Kårnian forces and remained openly defiant of Kårnian troop presences in those provinces. In the Battle of Georgewood on 2 July 1706, Lord Hubert VI and his army were destroyed by a much larger force of Demphorian troops, thus ending the Nørden Wars and consolidating power in the House of Thérordøn.

Gaulai Restoration

See also: Gualai Restoration

The Gualai Restoration was a military conflict that lasted from 1856 to 1898 and a political development that began in 1856 and ended in the 1890s. It is seen as a two phase The Restoration was initiated by King Arthûr VI began in an attempt to modernize. Arthûr VI attempted to gain political prominence by opening to trade and rejecting isloationist rule by the Decree of Ormania in 1856 and led to rapid development and manufacturing in the country.

King John VI (left) accepting the surrender of Jean II (right) during the signing of the Treaty of Crandør, 1889.

The Restoration entered it's second phase and focused more of it's resources to domestic development. From 1864 to 1895, Demphor saw increased foreign trade and interaction and commercial treaties between the Demphorian Kingdom and Ajaxi countries were signed. It resulted in sudden, new westernization, once it was adopted, changed almost all areas of the Demphorian military, judicial and political systems, language, etc. The Demphorian government sent students to other Ajaxi countries to observe and learn their practices, and also paid "foreign advisors" in a variety of fields to come to Demphor to educate the populace.

In the midst of the Restoration, Arthûr VI died on 3 April 1875, leaving his son, John VI as King. As opponents of the Restoration were subdued, critical decisions had to be made as to their leadership while their administrations were re-formed. The successful political unification of the country and the Restoration as a whole was a significant force in the eventual dominance of the Demphorian Monarchy by the end of the 19th century.

Progressive Era

John VI enjoyed significant popularity. He was able to project Demphor as a strong power in world affairs. John VI learned much about ongoing economic issues and political techniques that later proved valuable in his reign. He was exposed to the problems of trusts, monopolies, labor relations, and conservation. The King developed a connection with a newly emerging middle-class and was able to turn it into a powerful base for political support. John VI successfully decreed new laws which taxed public franchises granted by the state and controlled by corporations, declaring that "a corporation which derives its powers from the State, should pay to the State a just percentage of its earnings as a return for the privileges it enjoys". He cracked down on political bossism within his own royal administrations, starting with his own court by banning several advisors from his court and cracking down on political machines in Konflania, Ormania and Christiana.

Proclamation for the Ages by Hubert MacPherson, 1936.

The rise of Konflanian nationalism and disputes within Konflania eventually to the Konflania uprising, which was suppressed in July, 1917.

John VI responded to public anger over the abuses in the food packing industry by passing a meat inspection law that banned misleading labels and preservatives that contained harmful chemicals. It also banned food and drugs that were impure or falsely labeled from being made, sold, and shipped.

Despite his popularity for his liberal positions, he is criticized for for ignoring important social movements, including the Demphorian civil rights movement and the women's suffrage movement.

On the night of December 21st, 1932, John VI experienced breathing problems. He felt better after treatment from his physician and went to bed. Between 4:00 AM and 4:15 AM the next morning, the King died in his sleep at Thérordøn Palace as a result of a blood clot detaching from a vein and traveling to his lungs. His son, James V, was crowned King.

Proclamation of Empire and the Social War

See also: Demphorian Empire

King James V was proclaimed sovereign throughout his realms after the death of his father, King John VI, who died in the night December 21st, 1932. The typical Proclamation that would be made on the ascension of a new King was delayed and was made the following week on New Years Eve, 1932 by the newly crowned James V. The Magistrate of Demphor, Sir John McKell, issued the proclamation of James's accession publicly from the steps at the Palace of Cinarion which read as follows:

Whereas it has been announced before Almighty God that His Mercy Our Late Sovereign King, King John the Sixth, of blessed and glorious memory, has deceased and relinquished the Crown, his son, James the Fifth of the House of Thérørdon has accepted the duties of our land. We therefore acknowledge all faith and constant obedience, with hearty and humble affection swear loyalty to our mighty King. Beseeching God, by whom Kings do reign, to bless the High King with long and happy years to reign over us.

His Majesty the King has decided to further declare it to be our Royal Will and Pleasure, for the present as aforesaid, to preserve and protect our Sovereignty, Protection, and Dominion, for the use of the peoples within all the Lands and Territories of this land, we do hereby authorize, enjoin, and require the Governors of all our Provinces respectively, as well those under our immediate Government as those under the Government to swear loyalty to a new Empire for this land, a Demphorian Empire built in strength and triumph.

Given in Ormania this New Years Eve in the Year of our Lord One thousand nine hundred and thirty two, and in the first year of His Majesty's governance, Long May He Reign.

The Reign of James V is often known as the Golden Era. The Golden Era spanned over the lifetimes of King James V (1932 - 1956), Duncan IV (1956 - 1977) and Benjamin I (1977 - 1988). Under James V Demphor saw the longest economic expansion in her modern history, beginning in 1939 and ending in 1948. Benjamin saw similar success under his reign as well.

Ormania skyline. Circa. 1940

In 1949, Demphor detonated it's first atomic bomb in an isolated, underground detonation on Wënwald Island. Demphor began replacing many of it's coal and natural gas plants into nuclear power plants, starting in 1956 with the construction of it's first nuclear power plant.

Not only did economic stability dominate the Golden Era, but also the continuation of civil rights and complete integration of races among society. Women gained the right to vote in 1934. In 1937, the National Integration and Desegregation Act was passed, recognizing that all people were equal before the law and discrimination of any kind on all levels was against the principles and laws of man. His reign marked economic growth - with an increase in manufacturing and home construction amongst a post-colonial economic boom. There was a large-scale expansion of the middle class in the 1950s. Unions were strong, comprising almost half the Demphorian work force. Politics tended to be moderate, with extremist positions being out of favor.

The need to always have more and better goods emerged rapidly in Demphor during the 1950s. Consumerism became a key component of Demphorian society. People bought big houses in the new suburbs and bought new time-saving household appliances. This buying trend was influenced by many Demphorian cultural and economic aspects such as advertising; television; cars; new offerings from banks (loans and credit); immediately being able to have what one wanted; and achieving a perceived better life. The economy overall grew by 57% during the 1950s. At the end of the decade, the median Demphorian family had 50% more purchasing power than at the beginning.

Demphorian troops under fire at the Siege of Obreyno.

Demphor became more and more involved in international politics following the construction of military bases in Acheron in the 1920s, but by the 1950s it's involvement reached an all time high. On October 14th, 1952, the Latin Social Republic launched a surprise attack on the Demphorian military base at Obreyno in Latium, prompting the King to deliver his famous Blood of the Martyrs Speech in a radio address to the nation, officially declaring war on the Latin Social Republic and joining the Social War. 45,000 Demphorian troops took part in the conflict, the largest force ever deployed abroad by the Demphorian government. The strain of war left an already old King James weak and he died the year after the end of the Social War.

In 1956, Duncan IV was crowned King after his father died. That same year, he ordered that all Provinces of the Empire will be allowed to a Provincial Assembly, however that all laws passed shall be overlooked by the King himself and only passed with his signature. This allowed political parties to be created in the Empire on a local government level.

From 1967 - 1969, Demphor took part in the Tiarnan Emergency and acquired the nation of Tiarna as part of the Demphorian Empire. In 1972, Demphor was a main combatant in the Tempesta War against Akai. Demphor took part in the Tiarnan Insurgency and the Tiarnan Conflicts up until the implementation of the Ormania Peace Accords in 1989.

Duncan IV died in 1977 and his son, Benjamin, succeeded him. In 1980, Benjamin I was diagnosed with parkinson's and lung cancer. Knowing that he might not live long, he attempted to keep the Empire going under his direct rule for 6 years. In 1988, he asked for a transition of power to a more democratic system. Under Royal Decree, Benjamin Dormor called on the local Governments to establish a new system of government, who met in 1989 to officially pass the Charter of Confederation, which established the Confederation of Demphor in 1988. In 1992, the Confederation of Demphor officially replaced the Demphorian Empire. This became Demphor's first codified constitution.

Confederation

See also: Confederation of Demphor

On the night of November 21st, 1987, the flag of the Demphorian Empire was lowered over the Royal Palace and the Flag of the Confederation was raised. Demphor entered a period of increased democratic reforms and saw it's first Prime Minister election in 1990. The Confederation of Demphor was a constitutional monarchy, with elected members of parliament from the public into a unicameral House of Commons.

In 1992, Prime Minister Henri Dupont of the Socialist Party was elected into office, with his government reigning from 1992-1996. After one term as Prime Minister, the Liberal Party beat him in his election as Prime Minister in 1996, with Bill Henderson winning 60% of the vote. Bill Henderson would remain Prime Minister from 1996 to the Confederations disestablishment in 2011. Henderson would go on to win the general elections of 2000, 2004 and 2008.

Flag of the Confederation

From a period from 1992 - 2007, Demphor saw what is called the "Age of Democracy", as free, open national elections and a series of reforms were passed. In 1998, the Bill of Rights of Demphorians was passed by the House of Commons, which codified the rights to free speech, assembly and many more rights. However, by 2007, Demphorian leadership became largely weakened after the Financial Crisis of 2007 - 2008.

Following the Ajaxi Financial crisis in 2007, demonstrations pressuring the government to act prompted emergency elections in 2009 and in 2011. Starting in places like Ormania, students from the local Universities staged a sit in to protest the Demphorian government's response to the financial crisis. The Demphorian government responded to this by scheduling emergency elections and started to take more action in the financial crisis. Bill Henderson survived the elections in 2008. The final outcome was one of the closest elections in the nation's history, with the Social Democrats winning the popular vote and gaining the most seats in the House of Commons. The result of the election hinged on the National Front, which gained 34 seats in the House of Commons. Henderson decided to form a coalition with John Belmont's National Front, giving the National Front/Liberal coalition a slim majority in the House of Commons.

Great Revolution

See also: Great Revolution

The Great Revolution was a period of civil war, conflict and political upheaval in Demphor fought between several factions that rose at different times. The conflict began when fascist elements of the Demphorian Army organized a coup d'état agains the democratic Demphorian government and overthrew the government on 21 April 2011. King George cooperated with the new military government until his untimely death in a car crash on 15 August 2012.

The famous Smiling Soldier photograph, taken in Ormania following the collapse of the Demphorian military government in September, 2015.

Protests against the junta began to arise in August of 2012. On 12 August, three days before George's death, the junta's security forces arrested about 15 'conspirators' in Christiana, including Kurou Nhung, a leading Demphorian republican. Soon protests erupted over the arrest and abuse of the conspirators. Christiana was to be the first city to protest against the junta's government. The junta order the Army to lock down the city and imprison supporters of the resolution. Soon after the Royal Army seized the city of Christiana, Republican leaders and elements of the Demphorian military in Ormania defected immediately established the seat of a Republican government in the city, founding the Demphorian Republic. It received support from the commanding General in the area, John Winsdor. He mobilized 40,000 troops to defend the city and surrounding areas. The back and forth campaign led to the end of the military junta on 19 January 2014 and established the Demphorian Republic.

The Demphorian Republic was plagued by corruption and instability, with it's second President, Brittany Keeleigh, charged with corruption charges and forced to resign. While reforms did take place in the period of the Republic, the 2014 national elections saw the rise of the far-left Socialist Party, which caused serious partisan gridlock.

2 August 2015, a group of officers known as the Demphorian Military Council forcibly removed the Demphorian President, John B. Bradshaw, from office. An international crisis ensued, with the Demphorian Defense Forces forcibly removing humanitarian aide workers from the country, arresting political figures and locking off the country from journalists and killing those within the country. On 10 August, even with President Bradshaw deposed and executed, it was evident that King Robert has successfully fled the country along with several members of the Royal Family. The junta attempted to install Michael I of the House of Dør-Wellshire to the throne in an attempt to legitimize the coup and all flights and landings were forbidden in Demphorian airfields.

On 16 September 2015, King Robert I, newly elected President John Winsdor and newly elected Prime Minister Andrew Wilson made a joint speech on television from Élbannin. Robert I, dressed with his father's old 1940s general's uniform, ordered the Demphorian people and army to help him bring back a legitimate government. In addition, the 3 announced a new constitution for their new government, establishing a semi-presidential constitutional monarchy known as the Kingdom of Demphor. The coup failed, and the Demphorian soldiers mutinied against the Demphorian Military Council. The new government returned on 29 September 2015 and restored Robert I and King of Demphor.

Government and politics

See also: Government of Demphor, Politics of Demphor

Executive

The head of state in Demphor is the President. Article Two of the Constitution stipulates that for a person to be elected and serve as President of Demphor, the individual must be a natural born citizen of the country, a minimum of 30 years old, and a resident of Demphor for no less than 14 years. Elected by majority vote, candidates for the presidency will often seek the nomination of one of the various political parties, in which case each party devises a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position and the party members will officially nominate a candidate in to run on behalf of the party. The President has the power to guarantee observation of the constitution and all laws, act as commander in chief of the armed forces, exercise the duties of the National Assembly of Demphor when the Assembly is not in session, and appoint commanders in Chief of the National Defense Forces.

The Cabinet of Demphor is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the national government of Demphor, who are generally the heads of the federal executive departments. The existence of the Cabinet dates back to the Kingdom of Demphor, when King Arthûr V created the cabinet in 1855.

All Cabinet members are nominated by the President and then presented to the Senate for confirmation or rejection by a simple majority. If they are approved, they are sworn in and then begin their duties. Members of the Cabinet serve at the pleasure of the President, which means that the President may dismiss them or reappoint them (to other posts) at will.

Legislative

The National Assembly of Demphor is the lawmaking body in Demphor. The Assembly's composition and powers are laid down in the Demphorian Constitution. The Assembly currently has currently comprising of 32 Senators of the Senate of Demphor and 225 Representatives of the House of Representatives. Representatives are elected under the first-past-the-post vote form of proportional representation. 16 Senators are elected in the first past the post system and 16 are elected from the legislatures of the provinces. The Demphorian Constitution provides that, unless the Assembly is dissolved early, elections should occur once every two years on December 20th, although this is likely to change to bring the Assembly into line with local and provincial electoral arrangements. After each election the Assembly must meet within eight days. The Assembly can vote to dissolve itself early by a two-thirds majority of the total number of its members. It is also automatically dissolved if it is unable to elect a Prime Minister and Speaker of the House within six weeks of its first meeting or of those positions becoming vacant.

Law and criminal justice

The Kingdom follows it's own legal system. Recent constitutional changes saw a new Supreme Court of Demphor come into being in 2013 that took on the appeal functions of the King's Royal Courts.

Demphorian law, a hybrid system based on both common-law and civil-law principles, applies all over the country. The chief courts are the Court of Session, for civil cases, and the High Court of Justiciary, for criminal cases. The Supreme Court of Demphor serves as the highest court of appeal for civil cases under Demphorian law. Sheriff courts deal with most civil and criminal cases including conducting criminal trials with a jury, known that as Sheriff solemn Court, or with a Sheriff and no jury, known as (Sheriff summary Court). The Sheriff courts provide a local court service with 119 Sheriff courts organised across six Sheriffdoms.

Provinces

Demphor is a federal union of 19 Provinces. The National and Provincial governments operate within a system of parallel sovereignty, so provinces are not technically "divisions" created from the Kingdom, but rather units that, together with the federal district and other territories administered by the Federal government, compose the Kingdom.

Provinces have the right to pass laws that do not conflict with or go against the laws laid for by the National Assembly or the Constitution of Demphor.

Flag Name of Province Capital
Flag of West Virginia (1905–1907).svg Konflania Konflania
Flag of the United States Superintendent of Lighthouses.png Orman Ormania
Flag of the United States Deputy Secretary of Commerce.svg Fënlandrir Christiana
Flag of the United States Surgeon General.svg Nomalton Bennington Bay
Director of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation (flag).svg Ethdromar Armensville
US-UnderSecretaryOfTheNavy-Flag.svg Dûmanien Dartmouth
USNavyInfantryBattalionFlag.svg Arcirán Greenburough
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Unincorporated territories

An unincorporated territory in Demphorian law is an area controlled by the Demphorian government "where fundamental rights apply as a matter of law, but other constitutional rights are not available". Selected constitutional provisions variously apply depending on National Territorial Act and judicial rulings according to constitutional practice, local tradition and law. All five modern inhabited territories are organized but unincorporated. There is one unincorporated Demphorian possessions, which is Élbannin.

Foreign Relations

See also: Foreign relations of Demphor

Foreign relations are maintained by the Department of State under the oversight of the Executive Administration. The President of the Demphor is in charge of setting forth foreign policy initiatives. The Kingdom has formal diplomatic relations with most nations. Demphor officially maintains an open policy to any country that does not threaten Demphor's interests. The Secretary of State for the Kingdom oversees diplomatic affairs among nations.

The Christiana Doctrine guides Demphor in it's diplomatic affairs. The Christiana Doctrine voices support for non-intervention for economic and political gain, rather focusing on human rights. The Doctrine also sets forth a series of initiatives for military alliances and energy deals.

Defense Forces

The Demphorian Navy South Squadron in harbor at Armens, Demphor's largest naval facility.

The Demphorian Defense Forces (DDF) is comprised of the Naval, Ground and Air Forces. The Demphorian Defense Forces are at a current state of 1,694,728 servicemen and servicewomen evenly divided among the 3 branches. After the dissolving of the military, armor and cars are stored in case of general emergency and conscription, and reserve fleets are stored in harbor.

The Royal Armed Forces used to be the military complex of the Kingdom, Confederation and 2nd Demphorian Empire, with more then 5 million men and women enlisted at its height. After the Royal Armed Forces dissolved, Generals were immediately transfered to the Demphorian Defense Forces to overlook the training and reorganization of the Demphorian military structure.

After strong consideration, the Demphorian Defense Forces amended the Constitution of Demphor to expand the use of the military to offensive means if absolutely necessary in the War Powers Act of 2014. Previously, no branches of the Armed Forces could fight unless it was in defense of the island, but with the rising tensions in Ajax, it was ruled by the National Assembly to expand the use of the DDF.

Monarchy

See also: Monarchy of Demphor

Demphor is a constitutional monarchy, with a hereditary monarch and a bicameral assembly. The Demphorian Royal Family is the family group of close relatives of the monarch of Demphor, Élbannin & Duís. It is a family dynasty that ruled the Demphorian island from 1304 to the present day. There is no strict legal or formal definition in Demphorian law of who is or is not a member of the Royal Family, and different lists will include different people.

The Monarch of Demphor, the Àrd-Rìgh, resides at the Palace of Cinarion. The Kingdom recognizes the King of the Demphorians as the sole and legal Head of State of Demphor. The Monarch is permitted the power to request a declaration of war to the National Assembly, permitted to advise the President, Prime Ministers, and members of the National Assembly, is guaranteed immunity and can not be censured or accused. The Monarch may grant pardons and commutations to criminals after sentence has been passed and has the right to grant and revoke honors, royal patronage and knighthoods.

Economy

Nuclear power is the main industry in Demphor, with the first nuclear power plant being constructed in 1956.

The Demphorian economy is an example of a mixed economy, a prosperous capitalist welfare and social democracy country featuring a combination of free market activity and large state ownership in certain key sectors. Public health care in Demphor is free (after a charge £150 for those over 18), and parents have 44 weeks paid parental leave. The state income derived from natural resources includes a significant contribution from energy production, which accounts for 32% of GDP and employment. Nàiseanta Dealan Aonaichte (NDA), the main electricity generation and distribution company in Demphor, is also one of the world's largest producers of electricity. In 2009, it produced 18% of North Acheron's electricity, primarily from nuclear power. Demphor is the smallest emitter of carbon dioxide in Northern Acheron, due to its heavy investment in nuclear power.

The second largest industry in Demphor is tourism, with 13% of the nations GDP focused on it. Demphor has 42 sites inscribed in World Assembly's World Heritage List and features cities of high cultural interest, beaches and seaside resorts, and rural regions that many enjoy for their beauty and tranquillity. Ruins and extensive underground cities founded by the islands first inhabitants are promoted through the National Travel Board Association (NTBA). Demphor still exports a substantial number of the regions agricultural products and the Department of the Interior encourages and rewards fishermen who produce goods in sustainable agriculture.

The nation has a strong, well balanced economy in the region of Ajax. According to Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index, it's rate of unemployment is at 3.61%. Additionally, powerful urban centers such as Ormania, Konflania and Christiana have increased their economic productivity in the last 20 years. The Ormania metropolitan area recorded the greatest number of new or expanded corporate facilities in Demphor for six out of the seven years from 1997 to 2003. The Konflania metropolitan area has the third largest ship building and car manufacturing workforce of any metropolitan area in the nation, and in 2009 Christiana saw its highest level of production in 3 decades.

Healthcare

Demphor has a publicly funded medicare system, with most services provided by the private sector. The system, known as Healthcare Demphor, was implemented by the Health Act of 2014. Each province may opt out, and only one opts out (Konflan Province). Demphor's system is known as a single-payer healthcare system, where basic services are provided by private doctors with the entire fee paid for by the government at the same rate.

Hospital care is delivered by publicly funded hospitals in Demphor. The proportion of Demphor's gross domestic product (GDP) spent on health care will reach 8% by the beginning of 2015, spending £21.3 billion on it's healthcare system.

Soon after the Health Act of 2014, the World Assembly World Census Report stated that Demphor's citizens were 10th healthiest in the region of Ajax.

Education

Education receives the most out of the government budget, with about 27% ($72,441,175,934,594.86) of the budget going towards public education. Rousing support for an increase of quality in public education had risen over the years, and most tax increases are as a result to improve the education system.

Logo of the University of Ormania, the largest public university in Demphor

Demphor has many public institutions of higher education. According to prominent international rankings, 3 to 5 Demphorian colleges and universities are ranked among the top 20 in Ajax. The University of Ormania is the largest public university in Demphor, offering courses in all fields and providing a well funded and well received mandatory program introducing attendees to paying taxes, voting and all forms of political philosophy. There are also local community colleges with generally more open admission policies, shorter academic programs, and lower tuition. Of Demphorians twenty-five and older, 87.1% graduated from college, 7.6% attended law schools. The basic literacy rate is approximately 99% and the World Assembly assigns Demphor an Education Index of 0.99.

Public Transportation

Map portraying all National Highways and the National Transit Line

Public transportation in Demphor is run by the National Transit Authority, which operates the National Transit System, which runs major air, train, car and boat transportation in Demphor, including the National Transit Line, the nations publicly funded high speed train line. The National Transit System was founded in 1994, designated to provide public funding for Air Demphor, the publicly funded air travel system. It was also designed to fund local city transportation, such as local bus authorities and subways. The notion of High Speed Rail was suggested and passed by the Assembly of the Confederation in 2002. Known as the NRS (National Rail System), the NRS is inspected once every 5 years and, as described in the High Speed Rail Act of 2002 (renewed 2014), upgraded every 10 years.

Geography, climate and environment

The lowlands of the Dravenslaw Pass outside of Konflania, Demphor.

Demphor sits on the Skandian subcontinent, mostly situated on the Skandian Plate and projecting northwards into the sea from it's nearest most continent. Due to its size, Demphor displays both monotony and diversity. As with its topography, its climates, vegetation, and soils span vast distances. From north to south the Nørden Island Chain is clad sequentially in tundra, coniferous forest, mixed and broadleaf forests, and grassland as the changes in vegetation reflect the changes in climate.

Demphor consists the entirety of the Nørden Island Chain. The Nørden Islands cover an area of 963,268 sq mi and create a diverse climate of arctic, temperate and subtropical climates. The Morian and Angethrøn Mountain Ranges divides much of the southern region of Demphor, and the western most cities such as Konflania can only be reached via the Dravenslaw Pass, a wide pass with fertile grasslands. Demphor is also home to both the highest point in the Nørden Islands (Graché-Dûm) at 28,909 ft above sea level. In the south and southeast of the country, the region of lands around the Tempesta Ocean that have a Mediterranean and continental climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.

South and westward, the second major division is Southern Demphor, an area of mostly flat prairie with the exception of areas along the Konflania and Théodren rivers that are steeped in hills and bluffs hanging high above the rivers providing commanding views for miles.

Towards the central and northern areas of Demphor, the climate begins to become that of more cold and temperate climates. Northern Demphor is home to over over 200 extinct volcanic centers that stretch northward from the Senrè-Dûm Mountain Range, which surrounds Christiana. They are grouped into five volcanic belts with different volcano types and tectonic settings. The Christiana Volcanic Belt, which makes up the Senrè-Dûm Range, was formed over 5,000 years ago.

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A satellite picture of Demphor taken by the Royal Aeronautic Space Exploration Agency, 2015.

Wildlife

Demphor is considered to be diverse in wildlife with about 1,000 species of vascular plants occur within Inner and Outer Demphàras, and over 900 species of flowering plants are found across the country. The country is home to more than 400 mammals, 750 birds, and 130 reptile and amphibian species. Some notable animals living within Demphor include heath hens, passenger pigeons, sabre-toothed salmon, blue walleye, eastern elk and steller's sea cows. About 41,000 insect species have been described. The northern fur seal is both the national animal of the Kingdom, and is an enduring symbol of the country itself.

The northern fur seal is the national animal and enduring pride of Demphor.

There are 18 national parks and hundreds of other nationally managed parks, forests, and wilderness areas. Altogether, the government owns about 23% of the country's land area. All of this is protected, although the government leased land for oil and gas drilling, mining and logging until 1999. The government still leases land for cattle ranching, and about .35% is used for military purposes.

Environmental issues have been on the national agenda since 1979. Environmental controversies include debates on oil and nuclear energy, dealing with air and water pollution, the economic costs of protecting wildlife, logging and deforestation, and international responses to global warming. The most prominent agency is the National Environment Preservation Bureau (NEPB), created in 1983.

National Census Population projections (2014)
2014 2050
Caucasian 59%
39,707,811
54%
Black 21%
14,133,289
23%
Asiatic 12%
8,076,165
13%
Hispanic 4%
2,692,055
6%
Multiracial 4%
2,692,055
5%

Demographics

The National Census estimates that, according to the 2017 census, the population of Demphor was 67,301,376 (of which 49% was female, 47% was male, and 4% were gender expansive), and 57,879,183 fell into the category of "ethnic Demphorians," according to an estimate made that year. Modern Demphorians see themselves in a very multicultural flavor, relative to the rest of Ajax. Immigration from the mainland and a very high birth rate are the top contributing factors to Demphors’ population growth. To compare, the 2004 National Census had an estimate of 61,345,134 people living in the country that year and 58,094,508 according to the 1994 National Census. Nowadays, most Demphorians affiliated with the Demphorian Catholic Church.

Ethnicities

Ethnic composition of Demphor (2014)
  Akai people (6%)

The Demphorians are a caucasian ethnic group comprising over 85% of the Demphorian population, the remainder of people are divided among those of Dewedish, Edomites, Akai or Ghantish, each comprising of different racial and ethnic backgrounds including caucasian people, black people, asiatic people, hispanic people and multiracial people. Within these ethnic groups, Demphor has a strong diverse community by race, with roughly 59% of the population being white/caucasian, 21% being black, 12% being asiatic, 4% being hispanic and 4% being multiracial. The most important demographic influence in the modern Demphorians seems to be the oldest one; current interpretation of Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA data suggests that the Demphorian have their origin in mass migrations during the Classical Era.

Religion

Religion in Demphor
Religion
Percentage
Demphorian Catholicism
  
35%
Roman Catholic
  
30%
Irrelegious
  
17%
Islam
  
9%
Judaism
  
3%
Church of Deweden
  
1%

The Article 8 of the Demphorian Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion. Catholicism, Demphorian or otherwise, is by far the most common religion practiced in Demphor, but other religions are followed, too. According to the 2014 census, 17% of the Demphorians are irreligious. The country is home to the Demphorian Catholic Church, and openly welcomes the Islamic, Roman Catholic Church, Atheist and Jewish communities. Additionally, small communities of Protestants exist in the country, but are very rare to come across.

Culture

Languages

The Common language and Demphorian are the official languages of Demphor (according to the National Language Act of 1935). There are multiple regional languages recognized by the government, that being Demphorian or German. In order to achieve citizenship you must apply for a public language course in English, Demphorian or the regional languages. About 93% of the population speaks Demphorian. As stressed through public education, most Demphorians are bilingual (about 89%) and trilingualism is become relatively more stressed by school districts.

The Demphorian language (pronounced Demphárasi) is descended from Proto-Celtic, Cirth and Proto-Nordic; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. The term "Demphorian" was first used to describe this language by Edward Dilligére in 1677.

Modern Demphorian language is mostly spoken on the Nørden Islands, and can be found spoken amongst Demphorians living in Demphorian lands. Proto-Noridc and Proto-Celtic languages had been established in south-eastern Demphor as far as the Ormania in the 3rd century and largely remained there until the 5th century. Soon, this language evolved to Gorfornic, a Nordic-Celtic mix of languages. By the 12th Century, Gorfornic evolved into proto-Demphorian, which would very quickly lead to Modern Demphorian, which would have it's earliest known records noted in the late 12th century.

Music

Demphorian music is a significant aspect of the nation's culture, with both traditional and modern influences. A famous traditional Demphorian instrument is the Bagpipe, a wind instrument consisting of three drones and a melody pipe (called the chanter), which are fed continuously by a reservoir of air in a bag. Bagpipe bands, featuring bagpipes and various types of drums, and showcasing Demphorian music styles while creating new ones, have spread throughout the world. The clàrsach (harp), fiddle and accordion are also traditional Demphorian instruments, the latter two heavily featured in Demphorian country dance bands.

A Demphorian pipe-band on the grounds of the Royal Palace of Christiana

Classical music became largely influential in the 1790s. Edward C. Burns embarked on an attempt to produce a corpus of Demphorian national song in classical works, and contributed such works to the public domain. However, Burns' championing of Demphorian music may have prevented the establishment of a tradition of traditional concert music in Demphorian, which faltered towards the end of the eighteenth century. Regardless, Demphorian classical music comprises works by some of the world's most well-known composers, including Daniel Ulbert, whom composed "3 Movements for the United Nation". Regarded as his best piece of work, it was composed in 1936.

Demphor has a largely free music industry, and public education stresses musical education if desired by the student.

Cuisine

Mainstream Demphorian cuisine is similar to that of a seafaring diet. However, Demphor's agricultural sector provides much of the countries food surplis. Wheat is the primary cereal grain. Traditional Demphorian cuisine uses indigenous ingredients, such as shrimp, venison, potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, squash, and maple syrup, which were consumed by settlers.

Shrimp and venison, crab cakes, potato chips, and chocolate chip cookies are distinctively Demphorian foods. Characteristic dishes such as blueberry pie, fried shrimp, pizza, hamburgers, and hot dogs derive from the recipes of various immigrants. French fries and pasta dishes freely adapted from Mediterranean sources are somewhat consumed. Demphorians generally prefer iced-coffee to tea. Marketing by Demphorians industries is largely responsible for making orange juice and milk ubiquitous breakfast beverages.

Deep dish pizza is considered to be the national dish of Demphor.

The Demphorian fast food industry is relatively small, although pioneered the drive-through format in the 1930s. Fast food consumption has sparked health concerns. During the 1980s and 1990s, Demphorians' caloric intake rose 14%. Highly sweetened soft drinks are widely popular, however must abide by Demphorian Genetic Modification Laws and the "All-Natural Legislation".

Sports

Hockey is by several measures the most popular spectator sport in Demphor; the Rìoghail Hocaidh Lìog (RHL) has the highest average attendance of any sports league in Demphor, and the Lochman Cup is watched by millions nationally. Baseball is the second most popular spectator sport since the 1950's, with the National Demphorian League (NDL) being the top league. These two major sports, when played professionally, each occupy a season at different, but overlapping, times of the year. University hockey attracts large audiences. Football is a sport of growing popularity in the country (for some reason). The market for professional sports in Demphor is roughly DR£28 billion.