|Κογνελεχ Φρεισταδεν δεν ϘηγνερKognelegh Freistaden den Hägner|
Location of Da Hegner in Geadland
|Seat||Horgalund Palace, Hegnerburgh|
|• Type||Da Hegner City Assembly|
|• Mayor||Lena Högerhus (SDLP)|
|Time zone||UTC -6 (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC -5 (UTC-5)|
Da Hegner (Δα Ϙηγνερ; Pronunciation: Standard Geadish: /da: hɛg.nɐ/, Local dialect: /dɑ: ɦɛg.nəɾ/), also referred to in English as Da Hägner or The Haymark, is the capital and third largest city of Geadland after Bondhaven and Eskrau. Da Hegner is governed as a "free city" - it is one of the 15 Counties of Geadland. It is also the extraterritorial capital of the county of Horgalund, which it separated from in 1875, and it is still considered part of Horgalund for many cultural purposes.
Da Hegner is the seat of the Storting, the Queen, the offices of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, the senior courts and all foreign embassies. It is the primary seat of the civil service, but some government offices and several national institutions such as the Royal Bank of Geadland are located in Bondhaven. Government buildings are concentrated around the historic Tempel district, with foreign embassies located in the southern side of Tempel borough or the outlying borough of Hegnershag.
The city is home to the Royal University of Da Hegner, the largest and oldest university in the country and one of the most prestigious, as well as two others. It hosts the second largest number of cultural events in Geadland, after Bondhaven. These including the Geadish Film Festival, the Horgalund Beer Festival and a music festival.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture
- 7 Sport
- 8 Transport
- 9 Media
The earliest recorded name of the city was "Þat Hægenmar", recorded in the 9th century. This shifted to "Dat Hägnar" by the time of the Geadish Schism in the 13th century. In Greek documents, the cities name was first recorded as Δα Ϙηγναρ which shifted to the modern spelling of Δα Ϙηγνερ by 1652. The official name of the city is Kognelegh Freistaden den Hägner, with "den" meaning "of the", via the genitive case. Da Hegner is the only county of Geadland to have royal patronage (the use of the word "royal" in its name).
The word "Da" means "that" or "it" in the Geadish language, but its actual origin is an archaic form of the word "the". This meaning died out in the 16th century and Geadish now uses suffixes for definite articles instead. The origin of the word "Hegner" comes from the Old Geadish words "hægen" (hedge) and "mǽran" (boundary), referring to a "border marked by a hedge" between two settlements.
Da Hegner is one of the oldest cities in Geadland. Luziycan monks first mentioned the existence of a settlement in the area in the 9th century. The site was located by the sea and by a naturally occurring granite mound (where Hegnerburgh Castle was built). The mound is the only natural hill for 10 miles, making it a useful location to build a defensive hill fort. By the 11th century, Viking settlement had resulted in the development of Da Hegner into an important regional town. It became the seat of the newly established Lutheran Catholic Diocese of Horgalund in 1083. In 1089, work began on constructing Hegnerburgh Castle and the city walls.
In 1122, the city was designated the seat of the duchy of Horgalund. Due to its role as a port for ships crossing the Slochtersee, Da Hegner gradually grew to become one of the largest cities in the country. Although Bondhaven was the capital of Geadland throughout the Old Kingdom era, the Storting parliament adopted Hegnerburgh Castle as its regular meeting place during the 17th century. As the Storting became more active and powerful, more government agencies became based in Da Hegner. The monarchy continued to reside in Bondhaven, but did construct a palace at Hegnershag. In 1823, both chambers moved out of the castle and into separate buildings.
During Luziycan occupation, government agencies were moved back to Bondhaven and Da Hegner was largely sidelined. The city also suffered economically after Tomas Kirk closed the port. It became a centre of the resistance to the Luziycan occupation. In 1868, hundreds of protestors were killed in the St. Stephen's Park Massacre, which triggered the Geadish War of Independence. The Constitution of Geadland, authored around this time and enacted after the end of the war, designated Da Hegner to be the sole capital of Geadland.
Soon after independence, Da Hegner became a self governing "free city". Although it was seperated from the county of Horgalund, the county government has continued to be based in Da Hegner to this day - Horgalund Palace is noted for being the only building in the country to house two County Assemblies. During the Sofian Era, the city grew in size and many landmark buildings were added to the city, including the Westergard Palace, Östergard Palace and Horgalund Palace.
In 1963, the boundaries are the city were significantly altered. Many suburbs were transferred from Horgalund to Da Hegner, doubling the population of the city area. The city was also divided into six boroughs, having previously been the only county to have no subdivisions. Another adjustment in 1995 expanded the city to include the whole urban area, including Barunding which became the city's 7th borough.
The Constitution of Geadland states that the city of Da Hegner is the capital city of Geadland. In the Old Kingdom, Bondhaven had always been the official capital, even though by the 18th century most government functions had gradually moved to Da Hegner. During the Luziycan occupation, the government was moved back to Bondhaven, but Da Hegner became the full and official capital after independence.
The main buildings of the government are known as the Tempel district, which is under direct control of the government. These include Westergard Palace, the seat of the Parliament of Geadland (Storting), the Östergard Palace, the offices of the Cabinet of Geadland and the Prime Minister, the senior courts of the country and the most important ministries. Other government buildings are located throughout the Tempel borough.
Although Da Hegner is not as strongly left-leaning as the larger cities of Bondhaven and Eskrau, the Social Democratic and Labour Party still enjoy above-average electoral support in the capital. It is also a stronghold for the Green Party.
Currently, Da Hegner is represented by 25 seats in the House of Representatives in 7 districts. Since the 2009 general election, the party's MPs consist of 10 from the SDLP, 5 from the Conservative Party, 3 from the Green Party, 2 each from the Liberal Party and Progressive Party, 2 independents and 1 from the Socialist Party:
- Da Hegner-Höüdstad: (1 SDLP, 1 Conservative, 1 Green)
- Da Hegner-Mit: (2 SDLP, 1 Conservative)
- Da Hegner-Hegnershag: (2 SDLP, 1 Conservative, 1 Progressive, 1 Socialist)
- Da Hegner-Sväringen: (1 SDLP, 1 Conservative, 1 Progressive, 1 Independent)
- Da Hegner-Högport: (2 SDLP, 1 Liberal, 1 Green)
- Da Hegner-Skeelft: (1 SDLP, 1 Conservative, 1 Green)
- Da Hegner-Barunding: (1 SDLP, 1 Liberal, 1 Independent)
Apart from a few minor adjustments, these seven districts correspond to the boroughs of Da Hegner. The Höüdstad ("capital") district covers the whole of the Tempel borough and part of Hegnerburgh, including the primary government buildings. The city centre is located in the Mit ("middle") district and the Royal Palace of Geadland is located in Hegnershag.
Da Hegner is governed by the Da Hegner City Council, a 73-member body which is elected every four years through Single Transferable Vote. The city is governend by a Cabinet-style council system, with the coalition of parties controlling the council electing the Mayor of Da Hegner and senior city officials. Currently, the city is governed by a minority government of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (led by Mayor Lena Högerhus) and the Green Party, which has a confidence and supply agreement with the Liberal Party. The city assemblycouncil's responsibilities include general economic policy, large development projects, transport, policing, fire & rescue and hospitals. Law enforcement is the responsibility of the Da Hegner City Police, except for the Metro and major railway stations, which are the responsibility of the national Geadland Transport Police.
Da Hegner is subdivided into six boroughs, a translation of the Geadish word βυδαλε (büdale). These have the status of being Municipalities of Geadland, Their responsibilities include managing schools, public amenities, local planning and welfare services. A few powers normally held by municipal governments are instead held by the city government, including waste collection.
Prior to 1963, the city limits only covered the central area and south-eastern suburbs, with the suburbs located in separate municipalities in neighbouring Horgalund. The boroughs were created after the expansion of the city boundaries in 1963. The three municipalities which merged with Da Hegner - Sväringen, Högport and Skeelft - became boroughs, while the pre-1963 city area was divided into three boroughs - Hegnerburgh, Temple and Hegnershag. Da Hegner gained its seventh borough in 1995 with the merging of the Barunding municipality.
The seven boroughs are:
- Hegnershag is the most populous borough of the city. It covers the eastern section of the pre-1963 city limits, and a few outlying neighbourhoods that were added later. The borough is economically diverse. The Albardia neighbourhood that surrounds the palace is one of the wealthiest neighbourhoods in Geadland. The neighbourhoods on the edge of the city contain upmarket housing and certain foreign embassies. On the other hand, the coastal area by the former docklands is a predominantly working class neighbourhood, while Brakkenfeld has a large student population.
- Sväringen is the second-most populous borough of the city. It is located to the west of the city. The seafront has a long sandy beach, which is frequently well-visited on warm days. Neighbourhoods range from expensive seafront houses to council states further inland.
- Hegnerburgh is the western section of the pre-1963 city limits. It includes the commercial, business and retail centre of Da Hegner, as well as being the seat of the city government and the government of Horgalund. The borough is named after Hegnerburgh Castle.
- Barunding was transferred from Horgalund to Da Hegner in 1995. It is the only borough which does not border on either of the central two boroughs. It consists of relatively affluent suburbs.
- Högport is located to the north of the city. It includes a mix of affluent suburbs and some poorer Sodarplund estates and neighbourhoods on the edge of the city centre.
- Skeelft is located to the north-east of the city. It is home to the Free University of Da Hegner and a campus of the Royal University. It thus has a large student population, as well as suburban estates with varying degrees of income levels.
- Tempel is the least populous borough of the city. It is located in the centre of the pre-1963 city limits. The district is the seat of the national government. It is home to the Royal University of Da Hegner, multiple foreign embassies and Central station.
In turn, the boroughs are divided into assembly divisions in order to elect members of the City Assembly, and into wards in order to elect members to the borough councils. The city wards serve no purpose for local government, except for conducting elections and censuses.
Cityscape and architecture
The city has two core areas, which are connected by Den Linden Traie avenue. The commercial centre is located in the north-east of Hegnerburgh. The seat of the national government is located in the Tempel District, in the north of Tempel borough. This includes the major national government buildings and ministries. For this reason, Tempel is a common metonym for the government. Many of the city's most famous tourist attractions are located some distance out of these core areas, including the Royal Palace, Hegnerburgh Castle and Da Hegner Cathedral.
Central Da Hegner is noted for its green spaces and Sofian Era architecture. There was originally a large number of aristocratic estates amid the city centre. In the late 18th century, the nobles sold these estates to developers. This allowed greenfield development to take place in the central area. Unlike Sofjastad, Da Hegner was developed in a piecemeal fashion with no central plan, yet it shares in common many features of Sofian Era town planning. These include wide streets, multiple lawns and trees among the buildings and red-brick buildings with the architecture of the period.
Wealthy and poor neighbourhoods are mixed among each other in both the inner city and the suburbs. The wealthy inner-city neighbourhoods, most notably Albardia, contain the most expensive property in the city. Most of the suburbs are relatively affluent, with the main exceptions being the "Sodarplund" council housing estates built in the 1950s and 1960s. The suburbs are predominantly low-rise, with houses and buildings rarely exceeding three stories in height, though since the 1990s blocks of flats have been built among them.
Da Hegner has a service economy, with 86% of the population employed in the service sector. The Government of Geadland is a major employer in the city, employing 26% of its workforce. The local governments of the city, Horgalund and the city's boroughs employ another 7%. Other major sources of employment include its tourist industry, universities and shops. Agriculture is limited to the fringes of the city area. There is a virtual absence of heavy industry, which contributes to Da Hegner's reputation for being environmentally clean.
Da Hegner is the second-most visited city in Geadland, not far behind Bondhaven. In 2014, the city welcomed 10 million day visitors and over 3 million overnight visitors, the latter mainly coming from abroad. In common with many capital cities, it has many notable buildings with monumental or ornate architecture and important history. In the Tempel District, these include the Royal Palace, the Westergard Palace (seat of Parliament), the Östergard Palace (seat of the government) and other ministerial buildings on Den Linden Traie. Elsewhere in the city is the historically important Hegnerburgh Castle, as well as the Horgalund Palace and Da Hegner Cathedral. Various events like the Horgalund Beer Festival and Meadows Festival further serve to attract tourists.
The culture of Da Hegner has often been characterised as being divided between Hegnare, the class of professional government workers, and the Hegniske, the working class populations.
The city formerly had its own airport called Da Hegner Airport, which was closed in 1995. Although the city now no longer has its own airport, it is well served by Bondhaven Slochterdam Airport, which is just 12km away and takes 20 minutes to travel to by train. Slochterdam airport is sometimes advertised as serving both Bondhaven and Da Hegner.
Despite the growth of public transport, cars remain the most popular means of transport in the city. On the motorway network, the M4 forms a bypass around the urban area. The M4 heads towards Bondhaven and Slochterdam Airport to the west and Elhaas to the east. Among the other roads that radiate from the city are the M8 to Walen, the M9 to Leghel, the N81 to Öddesund-Uddesand, the N83 to Sjöderham, the N89 to Skröd and the nearby Hesseldam causeway to Lower Sorbia. There are very few grade-separated highways within the city limits itself, with the main exception being the M40 spur motorway and the Pir-Muinten-Vai (N80) western approach.
Da Hegner has two main railway stations - Da Hegner Central and Da Hegner Walenspor. Central station is a terminus, while Walenspor station (meaning "Walen Railways") is a through station. Gaudlundste Sporbanens provides direct InterCity train services to Bondhaven, Eskrau, Grönching, Fajum, Nordport, Walen and Arje.
In addition, the Da Hegner Forstadspor network provides railway links to the suburbs and the surrounding towns. The network consists of 12 lines, the majority of which terminate at Central station, and have a standard service of two trains per hour in each direction.
The Da Hegner Metro was first opened in 1968 and is the smallest of the three heavy rail rapid transit systems in Geadland. It now has five lines and 91 stations, carrying over 700,000 passengers a day and serving both the city centre and the suburbs. The central stations on the network are noted for Göran Shiller's brutalist architecture.